Digitized by Harry Plantinga, email@example.com, 1994. This text
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Uniformity With God's Will
Saint Alphonsus de Ligouri
"Perfection is founded entirely on the love of God: 'Charity is the
bond of perfection;' and perfect love of God means the complete union
of our will with God's."
FROM THE ITALIAN OF ST. ALPHONSUS DE LIGUORI
THOMAS W. TOBIN, C.SS.R.
In Volume 1, Opere Ascetiche di S. Alfonso M. de Liguori, Roma, 1933,
"Uniformity with God's Will" is included as one of three works under
the heading, "Lesser Works on Divine Love."
There is no preface in the Italian original. However, it has been
thought well to provide one here.
Prof. Candido M. Romano says this brochure was written probably in
1755, as appears from a letter by the Saint, under date of Nov. 2,
1755, to Sister Giannastasio, at Cava. Romano goes on to say:
"This (i.e. God's will) was for Alphonsus a theme of predilection, a
theme dearest to his heart. Just as St. Ignatius stressed 'the
greater glory of God,' St. Alphonsus in all his works, gave
prominence to 'the greater good pleasure of God.' Most likely the
occasion that brought forth this treatise was the death, in 1753, of
Father Paul Cafaro, C.SS.R., St. Alphonsus' confessor and director.
The death of this worthy priest deeply affected the Saint and he
expressed his sentiments in a poem on God's will. The wide acclaim it
received may have suggested to him the thought that a tract on the
same subject would be helpful to the souls of others. If this be
true, his surmise proved correct, for the appearance of his
subsequent pamphlet was greeted with instant favor."
Cardinal Villecourt, in his Life of St. Alphonsus, quotes long
passages from this pamphlet and ends by saying: "Our Saint frequently
read it himself and when his sight had failed he arranged to have it
read to him by others."
This brochure bears the stamp of Alphonsian simplicity of style and
solidity of doctrine. Moreover the instances he cites from the lives
of the saints have a gentle graciousness and contain a fragrance that
is redolent of the Fioretti of St. Francis of Assisi.
Through God's grace and our Lady's prayers may a diligent reading of
the book bring us far along the way of perfection by the cultivation
of uniformity with God's holy will!
THOMAS W. TOBIN, C.SS.R.
Oct. 16, 1952.
Feast of St. Gerard Majella, C.SS.R.
UNIFORMITY WITH GOD'S WILL
Excellence of this Virtue.
Perfection is founded entirely on the love of God: "Charity is the
bond of perfection;" and perfect love of God means the complete union
of our will with God's: "The principal effect of love is so to unite
the wills of those who love each other as to make them will the same
It follows then, that the more one unites his will with the divine
will, the greater will be his love of God. Mortification, meditation,
receiving Holy Communion, acts of fraternal charity are all certainly
pleasing to God -- but only when they are in accordance with his
will. When they do not accord with God's will, he not only finds no
pleasure in them, but he even rejects them utterly and punishes them.
To illustrate: -- A man has two servants. One works unremittingly all
day long -- but according to his own devices; the other, conceivably,
works less, but he does do what he is told. This latter of course is
going to find favor in the eyes of his master; the other will not.
Now, in applying this example, we may ask: Why should we perform
actions for God's glory if they are not going to be acceptable to
him? God does not want sacrifices, the prophet Samuel told King Saul,
but he does want obedience to his will:
"Doth the Lord desire holocausts and victims, and not rather that the
voice of the Lord should be obeyed? For obedience is better than
sacrifices; and to hearken, rather than to offer the fat of rams.
Because it is like the sin of witchcraft to rebel; and like the crime
of idolatry to refuse to obey."
The man who follows his own will independently of God's, is guilty of
a kind of idolatry. Instead of adoring God's will, he, in a certain
sense, adores his own.
The greatest glory we can give to God is to do his will in
everything. Our Redeemer came on earth to glorify his heavenly Father
and to teach us by his example how to do the same. St. Paul
represents him saying to his eternal Father: "Sacrifice and oblation
thou wouldst not: But a body thou hast fitted to me . . . Then said
I: Behold I come to do thy will, O God." Thou hast refused the
victims offered thee by man; thou dost will that I sacrifice my body
to thee. Behold me ready to do thy will.
Our Lord frequently declared that he had come on earth not to do his
own will, but solely that of his Father: "I came down from heaven,
not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me." He spoke in
the same strain in the garden when he went forth to meet his enemies
who had come to seize him and to lead him to death: "But that the
world may know that I love the Father: and as the Father hath given
me commandment, so do I; arise and let us go hence." Furthermore, he
said he would recognize as his brother, him who would do his will:
"Whosoever shall do the will of my Father who is in heaven, he is my
To do God's will -- this was the goal upon which the saints
constantly fixed their gaze. They were fully persuaded that in this
consists the entire perfection of the soul. Blessed Henry Suso used
to say: "It is not God's will that we should abound in spiritual
delights, but that in all things we should submit to his holy will.''
"Those who give themselves to prayer," says St. Teresa, "should
concentrate solely on this: the conformity of their wills with the
divine will. They should be convinced that this constitutes their
highest perfection. The more fully they practice this, the greater
the gifts they will receive from God, and the greater the progress
they will make in the interior life." A certain Dominican nun was
vouchsafed a vision of heaven one day. She recognized there some
persons she had known during their mortal life on earth. It was told
her these souls were raised to the sublime heights of the seraphs on
account of the uniformity of their wills with that of God's during
their lifetime here on earth. Blessed Henry Suso, mentioned above,
said of himself: "I would rather be the vilest worm on earth by God's
will, than be a seraph by my own.''
During our sojourn in this world, we should learn from the saints now
in heaven, how to love God. The pure and perfect love of God they
enjoy there, consists in uniting themselves perfectly to his will. It
would be the greatest delight of the seraphs to pile up sand on the
seashore or to pull weeds in a garden for all eternity, if they found
out such was God's will. Our Lord himself teaches us to ask to do the
will of God on earth as the saints do it in heaven: "Thy will be done
on earth as it is in heaven."
Because David fulfilled all his wishes, God called him a man after
his own heart: "I have found David . . . a man according to my own
heart, who shall do all my wills." David was always ready to embrace
the divine will, as he frequently protested:
"My heart is ready, O God, my heart is ready." He asked God for one
thing alone -- to teach him to do his will: "Teach me to do thy
A single act of uniformity with the divine will suffices to make a
saint. Behold while Saul was persecuting the Church, God enlightened
him and converted him.
What does Saul do? What does he say? Nothing else but to offer
himself to do God's will: "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" In
return the Lord calls him a vessel of election and an apostle of the
gentiles: "This man is to me a vessel of election, to carry my name
before the gentiles."
Absolutely true -- because he who gives his will to God, gives him
everything. He who gives his goods in alms, his blood in scourgings,
his food in fasting, gives God what he has. But he who gives God his
will, gives himself, gives everything he is. Such a one can say:
"Though I am poor, Lord, I give thee all I possess; but when I say I
give thee my will, I have nothing left to give thee." This is just
what God does require of us: "My son, give me thy heart." St.
Augustine's comment is: "There is nothing more pleasing we can offer
God than to say to him: 'Possess thyself of us'.'' We cannot offer
God anything more pleasing than to say: Take us, Lord, we give thee
our entire will. Only let us know thy will and we will carry it out.
If we would completely rejoice the heart of God, let us strive in all
things to conform ourselves to his divine will. Let us not only
strive to conform ourselves, but also to unite ourselves to whatever
dispositions God makes of us. Conformity signifies that we join our
wills to the will of God. Uniformity means more -- it means that we
make one will of God's will and ours, so that we will only what God
wills; that God's will alone, is our will. This is the summit of
perfection and to it we should always aspire; this should be the goal
of all our works, desires, meditations and prayers. To this end we
should always invoke the aid of our holy patrons, our guardian
angels, and above all, of our mother Mary, the most perfect of all
the saints because she most perfectly embraced the divine will.
Uniformity in all Things.
The essence of perfection is to embrace the will of God in all
things, prosperous or adverse. In prosperity, even sinners find it
easy to unite themselves to the divine will; but it takes saints to
unite themselves to God's will when things go wrong and are painful
to self-love. Our conduct in such instances is the measure of our
love of God. St. John of Avila used to say: "One 'Blessed be God' in
times of adversity, is worth more than a thousand acts of gratitude
in times of prosperity."
Furthermore, we must unite ourselves to God's will not only in things
that come to us directly from his hands, such as sickness,
desolation, poverty, death of relatives, but likewise in those we
suffer from man -- for example, contempt, injustice, loss of
reputation, loss of temporal goods and all kinds of persecution. On
these occasions we must remember that whilst God does not will the
sin, he does will our humiliation, our poverty, or our mortification,
as the case may be. It is certain and of faith, that whatever
happens, happens by the will of God: "I am the Lord forming the light
and creating the darkness, making peace and creating evil." From God
come all things, good as well as evil. We call adversities evil;
actually they are good and meritorious, when we receive them as
coming from God's hands: "Shall there be evil in a city which the
Lord hath not done?" "Good things and evil, life and death, poverty
and riches are from God."
It is true, when one offends us unjustly, God does not will his sin,
nor does he concur in the sinner's bad will; but God does, in a
general way, concur in the material action by which such a one
strikes us, robs us or does us an injury, so that God certainly wills
the offense we suffer and it comes to us from his hands. Thus the
Lord told David he would be the author of those things he would
suffer at the hands of Absalom: "I will raise up evils against thee
out of thy own house, and I will take thy wives before thy face and
give them to thy neighbor." Hence too God told the Jews that in
punishment for their sins, he would send the Assyrians to plunder
them and spread destruction among them: "The Assyrian is the rod and
staff of my anger . . . I will send him to take away the spoils."
"Assyrian wickedness served as God's scourge for the Hebrews'' is St.
Augustine's comment on this text. And our Lord himself told St.
Peter that his sacred passion came not so much from man as from his
Father: "The chalice which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink
When the messenger came to announce to Job that the Sabeans had
plundered his goods and slain his children, he said: "The Lord gave
and the Lord taketh away." He did not say: "The Lord hath given me my
children and my possessions, and the Sabeans have taken them away."
He realized that adversity had come upon him by the will of God.
Therefore he added: "As it hath pleased the Lord, so is it done.
Blessed be the name of the Lord." We must not therefore consider the
afflictions that come upon us as happening by chance or solely from
the malice of men; we should be convinced that what happens, happens
by the will of God. Apropos of this it is related that two martyrs,
Epictetus and Atho, being put to the torture by having their bodies
raked with iron hooks and burnt with flaming torches, kept repeating:
"Work thy will upon us, O Lord." Arrived at the place of execution,
they exclaimed: "Eternal God, be thou blessed in that thy will has
been entirely accomplished in us.''
Cesarius points up what we have been saying by offering this incident
in the life of a certain monk: Externally his religious observance
was the same as that of the other monks, but he had attained such
sanctity that the mere touch of his garments healed the sick.
Marveling at these deeds, since his life was no more exemplary than
the lives of the other monks, the superior asked him one day what was
the cause of these miracles.
He replied that he too was mystified and was at a loss how to account
for such happenings.
"What devotions do you practice?" asked the abbot. He answered that
there was little or nothing special that he did beyond making a great
deal of willing only what God willed, and that God had given him the
grace of abandoning his will totally to the will of God.
"Prosperity does not lift me up, nor adversity cast me down," added
the monk. "I direct all my prayers to the end that God's will may be
done fully in me and by me." "That raid that our enemies made against
the monastery the other day, in which our stores were plundered, our
granaries put to the torch and our cattle driven off -- did not this
misfortune cause you any resentment?" queried the abbot.
"No, Father," came the reply. "On the contrary, I returned thanks to
God -- as is my custom in such circumstances -- fully persuaded that
God does all things, or permits all that happens, for his glory and
for our greater good; thus I am always at peace, no matter what
happens." Seeing such uniformity with the will of God, the abbot no
longer wondered why the monk worked so many miracles.
Happiness deriving from perfect Uniformity.
Acting according to this pattern, one not only becomes holy but also
enjoys perpetual serenity in this life. Alphonsus the Great, King of
Aragon, being asked one day whom he considered the happiest person in
the world, answered: "He who abandons himself to the will of God and
accepts all things, prosperous and adverse, as coming from his
hands.'' "To those that love God, all things work together unto
good." Those who love God are always happy, because their whole
happiness is to fulfill, even in adversity, the will of God.
Afflictions do not mar their serenity, because by accepting
misfortune, they know they give pleasure to their beloved Lord:
"Whatever shall befall the just man, it shall not make him sad."
Indeed, what can be more satisfactory to a person than to experience
the fulfillment of all his desires? This is the happy lot of the man
who wills only what God wills, because everything that happens, save
sin, happens through the will of God.
There is a story to this effect in the "Lives of the Fathers" about a
farmer whose crops were more plentiful than those of his neighbors.
On being asked how this happened with such unvarying regularity, he
said he was not surprised because he always had the kind of weather
he wanted. He was asked to explain. He said: "It is so because I want
whatever kind of weather God wants, and because I do, he gives me the
harvests I want.'' If souls resigned to God's will are humiliated,
says Salvian, they want to be humiliated; if they are poor, they want
to be poor; in short, whatever happens is acceptable to them, hence
they are truly at peace in this life. In cold and heat, in rain and
wind, the soul united to God says: "I want it to be warm, to be cold,
windy, to rain, because God wills it."
This is the beautiful freedom of the sons of God, and it is worth
vastly more than all the rank and distinction of blood and birth,
more than all the kingdoms in the world. This is the abiding peace
which, in the experience of the saints, "surpasseth all
understanding.'' It surpasses all pleasures rising from gratification
of the senses, from social gatherings, banquets and other worldly
amusements; vain and deceiving as they are, they captivate the senses
for the time being, but bring no lasting contentment; rather they
afflict man in the depth of his soul where alone true peace can
Solomon, who tasted to satiety all the pleasures of the world and
found them bitter, voiced his disillusionment thus: "But this also is
vanity and vexation of spirit." "A fool," says the Holy Spirit, "is
changed as the moon; but a holy man continueth in wisdom as the sun."
The fool, that is, the sinner, is as changeable as the moon, which
today waxes and tomorrow wanes; today he laughs, tomorrow he cries;
today he is meek as a lamb, tomorrow cross as a bear. Why? Because
his peace of mind depends on the prosperity or the adversity he
meets; he changes with the changes in the things that happen to him.
The just man is like the sun, constant in his serenity, no matter
what betides him. His calmness of soul is founded on his union with
the will of God; hence he enjoys unruffled peace. This is the peace
promised by the angel of the Nativity: "And on earth, peace to men of
good will." Who are these "men of good will" if not those whose wills
are united to the infinitely good and perfect will of God? "The good,
and the acceptable, and the perfect will of God."
By uniting themselves to the divine will, the saints have enjoyed
paradise by anticipation in this life. Accustoming themselves to
receive all things from the hands of God, says St. Dorotheus, the
men of old maintained continual serenity of soul. St. Mary Magdalene
of Pazzi derived such consolation at hearing the words "will of God,"
that she usually fell into an ecstasy of love. The instances of
jangling irritation that are bound to arise will not fail to make
surface impact on the senses. This however will be experienced only
in the inferior part of the soul; in the superior part will reign
peace and tranquillity as long as our will remains united with God's.
Our Lord assured his apostles: "Your joy no man shall take from you .
. . Your joy shall be full." He
who unites his will to God's experiences a full and lasting joy:
full, because he has what he wants, as was explained above; lasting,
because no one can take his joy from him, since no one can prevent
what God wills from happening.
The devout Father John Tauler relates this personal experience: For
years he had prayed God to send him someone who would teach him the
real spiritual life. One day, at prayer, he heard a voice saying: "Go
to such and such a church and you will have the answer to your
prayers." He went and at the door of the church he found a beggar,
barefooted and in rags. He greeted the mendicant saying: "Good day,
"Thank you, sir, for your kind wishes, but I do not recall ever
having had a 'bad' day."
"Then God has certainly given you a very happy life."
"That is very true, sir. I have never been unhappy. In saying this I
am not making any rash statement either. This is the reason: When I
have nothing to eat, I give thanks to God; when it rains or snows, I
bless God's providence; when someone insults me, drives me away, or
otherwise mistreats me, I give glory to God. I said I've never had an
unhappy day, and it's the truth, because I am accustomed to will
unreservedly what God wills. Whatever happens to me, sweet or bitter,
I gladly receive from his hands as what is best for me. Hence my
"Where did you find God?"
"I found him where I left creatures."
"Who are you anyway?"
"I am a king."
"And where is your kingdom?"
"In my soul, where everything is in good order; where the passions
obey reason, and reason obeys God."
"How have you come to such a state of perfection?"
"By silence. I practice silence towards men, while I cultivate the
habit of speaking with God.
Conversing with God is the way I found and maintain my peace of
Union with God brought this poor beggar to the very heights of
perfection. In his poverty he was richer than the mightiest monarch;
in his sufferings, he was vastly happier than worldlings amid their
God wills our Good.
O the supreme folly of those who resist the divine will! In God's
providence, no one can escape hardship: "Who resisteth his will?" A
person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover
by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life
and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life: "Who
resisteth him and hath had peace?" The screaming rage of the sick man
in his pain, the whining complaints of the poor man in his
destitution -- what will they avail these people, except increase
their unhappiness and bring them no relief? "Little man," says St.
Augustine, "grow up. What are you seeking in your search for
happiness? Seek the one good that embraces all others.'' Whom do you
seek, friend, if you seek not God? Seek him, find him, cleave to him;
bind your will to his with bands of steel and you will live always at
peace in this life and in the next.
God wills only our good; God loves us more than anybody else can or
does love us. His will is that no one should lose his soul, that
everyone should save and sanctify his soul: "Not willing that any
should perish, but that all should return to penance." "This is the
will of God, your sanctification." God has made the attainment of our
happiness, his glory. Since he is by his nature infinite goodness,
and since as St. Leo says goodness is diffusive of itself, God has a
supreme desire to make us sharers of his goods and of his happiness.
If then he sends us suffering in this life, it is for our own good:
"All things work together unto good." Even chastisements come to us,
not to crush us, but to make us mend our ways and save our souls:
"Let us believe that these scourges of the Lord have happened for our
amendment and not for our destruction."
God surrounds us with his loving care lest we suffer eternal
damnation: "O Lord, thou hast crowned us as with a shield of thy good
will." He is most solicitous for our welfare:
"The Lord is solicitous for me." What can God deny us when he has
given us his own son? "He that spared not even his own son, but
delivered him up for us all, how hath he not also, with him, given us
all things?" Therefore we should most confidently abandon ourselves
to all the dispositions of divine providence, since they are for our
own good. In all that happens to us, let us say: "In peace, in the
self same I will sleep, and I will rest: Because thou, O Lord, hast
singularly settled me in hope."
Let us place ourselves unreservedly in his hands because he will not
fail to have care of us:
"Casting all your care upon him, for he hath care of you." Let us
keep God in our thoughts and carry out his will, and he will think of
us and of our welfare. Our Lord said to St. Catherine of Siena,
"Daughter, think of me, and I will always think of you." Let us often
repeat with the Spouse in the Canticle: "My beloved to me, and I to
St. Niles, abbot, used to say that our petitions should be, not that
our wishes be done, but that God's holy will should be fulfilled in
us and by us. When, therefore, something adverse happens to us, let
us accept it from his hands, not only patiently, but even with
gladness, as did the apostles "who went from the presence of the
council rejoicing, that they were accounted worthy to suffer for the
name of Jesus." What greater consolation can come to a soul than to
know that by patiently bearing some tribulation, it gives God the
greatest pleasure in its power? Spiritual writers tell us that though
the desire of certain souls to please God by their sufferings is
acceptable to him, still more pleasing to him is the union of certain
others with his will, so that their will is neither to rejoice nor to
suffer, but to hold themselves completely amenable to his will, and
they desire only that his holy will be fulfilled.
If, devout soul, it is your will to please God and live a life of
serenity in this world, unite yourself always and in all things to
the divine will. Reflect that all the sins of your past wicked life
happened because you wandered from the path of God's will. For the
future, embrace God's good pleasure and say to him in every
happening: "Yea, Father, for so it hath seemed good in thy sight."
When anything disagreeable happens, remember it comes from God and
say at once, "This comes from God" and be at peace: "I was dumb and
opened not my mouth, because thou hast done it." Lord, since thou
hast done this, I will be silent and accept it. Direct all your
thoughts and prayers to this end, to beg God constantly in
meditation, Communion, and visits to the Blessed Sacrament that he
help you accomplish his holy will. Form the habit of offering
yourself frequently to God by saying, "My God, behold me in thy
presence; do with me and all that I have as thou pleasest." This was
the constant practice of St. Teresa. At least fifty times a day she
offered herself to God, placing herself at his entire disposition and
How fortunate you, kind reader, if you too act thus! You will surely
become a saint. Your life will be calm and peaceful; your death will
be happy. At death all our hope of salvation will come from the
testimony of our conscience as to whether or not we are dying
resigned to God's will. If during life we have embraced everything as
coming from God's hands, and if at death we embrace death in
fulfillment of God's holy will, we shall certainly save our souls and
die the death of saints. Let us then abandon everything to God's good
pleasure, because being infinitely wise, he knows what is best for
us; and being all-good and all-loving -- having given his life for us
-- he wills what is best for us. Let us, as St. Basil counsels us,
rest secure in the conviction that beyond the possibility of a doubt,
God works to effect our welfare, infinitely better than we could ever
hope to accomplish or desire it ourselves.
Special Practices of Uniformity.
Let us now take up in a practical way the consideration of those
matters in which we should unite ourselves to God's will.
1. In external matters. In times of great heat, cold or rain;
in times of famine, epidemics and similar occasions we should refrain
from expressions like these:
"What unbearable heat!" "What piercing cold!" "What a tragedy!" In
these instances we should avoid expressions indicating opposition to
God's will. We should want things to be just as they are, because it
is God who thus disposes them. An incident in point would be this
one: Late one night St. Francis Borgia arrived unexpectedly at a
Jesuit house, in a snowstorm. He knocked and knocked on the door, but
all to no purpose because the community being asleep, no one heard
him. When morning came all were embarrassed for the discomfort he had
experienced by having had to spend the night in the open. The saint,
however, said he had enjoyed the greatest consolation during those
long hours of the night by imagining that he saw our Lord up in the
sky dropping the snowflakes down upon him.
2. In personal matters. In matters that affect us personally, let us
acquiesce in God's will. For example, in hunger, thirst, poverty,
desolation, loss of reputation, let us always say: "Do thou build up
or tear down, O Lord, as seems good in thy sight. I am content. I
wish only what thou dost wish." Thus too, says Rodriguez, should we
act when the devil proposes certain hypothetical cases to us in order
to wrest a sinful consent from us, or at least to cause us to be
interiorly disturbed. For example: "What would you say or what would
you do if some one were to say or do such and such a thing to you?"
Let us dismiss the temptation by saying: "By God's grace, I would say
or do what God would want me to say or do." Thus we shall free
ourselves from imperfection and harassment.
3. Let us not lament if we suffer from some natural defect of body or
mind; from poor memory, slowness of understanding, little ability,
lameness or general bad health. What claim have we, or what
obligation is God under, to give us a more brilliant mind or a more
robust body? Who is ever offered a gift and then lays down the
conditions upon which he will accept it?
Let us thank God for what, in his pure goodness, he has given us and
let us be content too with the manner in which he has given it to us.
Who knows? Perhaps if God had given us greater talent, better health,
a more personable appearance, we might have lost our souls! Great
talent and knowledge have caused many to be puffed up with the idea
of their own importance and, in their pride, they have despised
How easily those who have these gifts fall into grave danger to their
salvation! How many on account of physical beauty or robust health
have plunged headlong into a life of debauchery!
How many, on the contrary, who, by reason of poverty, infirmity or
physical deformity, have become saints and have saved their souls,
who, given health, wealth or physical attractiveness had else lost
their souls! Let us then be content with what God has given us. "But
one thing is necessary," and it is not beauty, not health, not
talent. It is the salvation of our immortal souls.
4. It is especially necessary that we be resigned in corporal
infirmities. We should willingly embrace them in the manner and for
the length of time that God wills. We ought to make use of the
ordinary remedies in time of sickness -- such is God's will; but if
they are not effective, let us unite ourselves to God's will and this
will be better for us than would be our restoration to health. Let us
say: "Lord, I wish neither to be well nor to remain sick; I want only
what thou wilt." Certainly, it is more virtuous not to repine in
times of painful illness; still and all, when our sufferings are
excessive, it is not wrong to let our friends know what we are
enduring, and also to ask God to free us from our sufferings. Let it
be understood, however, that the sufferings here referred to are
actually excessive. It often happens that some, on the occasion of a
slight illness, or even a slight indisposition, want the whole world
to stand still and sympathize with them in their illnesses.
But where it is a case of real suffering, we have the example of our
Lord, who, at the approach of his bitter passion, made known his
state of soul to his disciples, saying: "My soul is sorrowful even
unto death" and besought his eternal Father to deliver him from it:
"Father, if it be possible, let this chalice pass from me." But our
Lord likewise taught us what we should do when we have made such a
petition, when he added: "Nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou
How childish the pretense of those who protest they wish for health
not to escape suffering, but to serve our Lord better by being able
to observe their Rule, to serve the community, go to church, receive
Communion, do penance, study, work for souls in the confessional and
Devout soul, tell me, why do you desire to do these things? To please
God? Why then search any further to please God when you are sure God
does not wish these prayers, Communions, penances or studies, but he
does wish that you suffer patiently this sickness he sends you? Unite
then your sufferings to those of our Lord.
"But," you say, "I do not want to be sick for then I am useless, a
burden to my Order, to my monastery." But if you are united to and
resigned to God's will, you will realize that your superiors are
likewise resigned to the dispositions of divine providence, and that
they recognize the fact that you are a burden, not through indolence,
but by the will of God. Ah, how often these desires and these laments
are born, not of the love of God, but of the love of self! How many
of them are so many pretexts for fleeing the will of God! Do we want
to please God? When we find ourselves confined to our sickbed, let
us utter this one prayer: "Thy will be done."
Let us repeat it time and time again and it will please God more than
all our mortifications and devotions. There is no better way to serve
God than cheerfully to embrace his holy will.
St. John of Avila once wrote to a sick priest: "My dear friend, -- Do
not weary yourself planning what you would do if you were well, but
be content to be sick for as long as God wishes. If you are seeking
to carry out God's will, what difference should it make to you
whether you are sick or well?'' The saint was perfectly right, for
God is glorified not by our works, but by our resignation to, and by
our union with, his holy will. In this respect St. Francis de Sales
used to say we serve God better by our sufferings than by our
Many times it will happen that proper medical attention or effective
remedies will be lacking, or even that the doctor will not rightly
diagnose our case. In such instances we must unite ourselves to the
divine will which thus disposes of our physical health. The story is
told of a client of St. Thomas of Canterbury, who being sick, went to
the saint's tomb to obtain a cure. He returned home cured. But then
he thought to himself: "Suppose it would be better for my soul's
salvation if I remained sick, what point then is there in being
well?" In this frame of mind he went back and asked the saint to
intercede with God that he grant what would be best for his eternal
salvation. His illness returned and he was perfectly content with the
turn things had taken, being fully persuaded that God had thus
disposed of him for his own good.
There is a similar account by Surio to the effect that a certain
blind man obtained the restoration of his sight by praying to St.
Bedasto, bishop. Thinking the matter over, he prayed again to his
heavenly patron, but this time with the purpose that if the
possession of his sight were not expedient for his soul, that his
blindness should return. And that is exactly what happened -- he was
blind again. Therefore, in sickness it is better that we seek neither
sickness nor health, but that we abandon ourselves to the will of God
so that he may dispose of us as he wishes. However, if we decide to
ask for health, let us do so at least always resigned and with the
proviso that our bodily health may be conducive to the health of our
soul. Otherwise our prayer will be defective and will remain unheard
because our Lord does not answer prayers made without resignation to
his holy will.
Sickness is the acid test of spirituality, because it discloses
whether our virtue is real or sham.
If the soul is not agitated, does not break out in lamentations, is
not feverishly restless in seeking a cure, but instead is submissive
to the doctors and to superiors, is serene and tranquil, completely
resigned to God's will, it is a sign that that soul is well- grounded
What of the whiner who complains of lack of attention? That his
sufferings are beyond endurance? That the doctor does not know his
business? What of the faint-hearted soul who laments that the hand of
God is too heavy upon him?
This story by St. Bonaventure in his "Life of St. Francis" is in
point: On a certain occasion when the saint was suffering
extraordinary physical pain, one of his religious meaning to
sympathize with him, said in his simplicity: "My Father, pray God
that he treat you a little more gently, for his hand seems heavy upon
you just now." Hearing this, St. Francis strongly resented the
unhappy remark of his well-meaning brother, saying: "My good brother,
did I not know that what you have just said was spoken in all
simplicity, without realizing the implication of your words, I should
never see you again because of your rashness in passing judgment on
the dispositions of divine providence." Whereupon, weak and wasted as
he was by his illness, he got out of bed, knelt down, kissed the
floor and prayed thus: "Lord, I thank thee for the sufferings thou
art sending me. Send me more, if it be thy good pleasure. My pleasure
is that you afflict me and spare me not, for the fulfillment of thy
holy will is the greatest consolation of my life."
We ought to view in the light of God's holy will, the loss of persons
who are helpful to us in a spiritual or material way. Pious souls
often fail in this respect by not being resigned to the dispositions
of God's holy will. Our sanctification comes fundamentally and
essentially from God, not from spiritual directors. When God sends us
a spiritual director, he wishes us to use him for our spiritual
profit; but if he takes him away, he wants us to remain calm and
unperturbed and to increase our confidence in his goodness by saying
to him: "Lord, thou hast given me this help and now thou dost take it
away. Blessed be thy holy will! I beg thee, teach me what I must do
to serve thee."
In this manner too, we should receive whatever other crosses God
sends us. "But," you reply, "these sufferings are really
punishments." The answer to that remark is: Are not the punishments
God sends us in this life also graces and benefits? Our offenses
against God must be atoned for somehow, either in this life or in the
next. Hence we should all make St. Augustine's prayer our own: "Lord,
here cut, here burn and spare me not, but spare me in eternity!" Let
us say with Job: "Let this be my comfort, that afflicting me with
sorrow, he spare not." Having merited hell for our sins, we should be
consoled that God chastises us in this life, and animate ourselves to
look upon such treatment as a pledge that God wishes to spare us in
When God sends us punishments let us say with the high-priest Heli:
"It is the Lord, let him do what is good in his sight."
The time of spiritual desolation is also a time for being resigned.
When a soul begins to cultivate the spiritual life, God usually
showers his consolations upon her to wean her away from the world;
but when he sees her making solid progress, he withdraws his hand to
test her and to see if she will love and serve him without the reward
of sensible consolations. "In this life," as St. Teresa used to say,
"our lot is not to enjoy God, but to do his holy will." And again,
"Love of God does not consist in experiencing his tendernesses, but
in serving him with resolution and humility." And in yet another
place, "God's true lovers are discovered in times of aridity and
Let the soul thank God when she experiences his loving endearments,
but let her not repine when she finds herself left in desolation. It
is important to lay great stress on this point, because some souls,
beginners in the spiritual life, finding themselves in spiritual
aridity, think God has abandoned them, or that the spiritual life is
not for them; thus they give up the practice of prayer and lose what
they have previously gained.
The time of aridity is the best time to practice resignation to God's
holy will. I do not say you will feel no pain in seeing yourself
deprived of the sensible presence of God; it is impossible for the
soul not to feel it and lament over it, when even our Lord cried out
on the cross: "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" In her
sufferings, however, the soul should always be resigned to God's
The saints have all experienced desolations and abandonment of soul.
"How impervious to things spiritual, my heart!" cries a St. Bernard.
"No savor in pious reading, no pleasure in meditation nor in prayer!"
For the most part it has been the common lot of the saints to
encounter aridities; sensible consolations were the exceptions. Such
things are rare occurrences granted to untried souls so that they may
not halt on the road to sanctity; the real delights and happiness
that will constitute their reward are reserved for heaven. This earth
is a place of merit which is acquired by suffering; heaven is a place
of reward and happiness. Hence, in this life the saints neither
desired nor sought the joys of sensible fervor, but rather the fervor
of the spirit toughened in the crucible of suffering. "O how much
better it is," says St. John of Avila, "to endure aridity and
temptation by God's will than to be raised to the heights of
contemplation without God's will!"
But you say you would gladly endure desolation if you were certain
that it comes from God, but you are tortured by the anxiety that your
desolation comes by your own fault and is a punishment for your
tepidity. Very well, let us suppose you are right; then get rid of
your tepidity and exercise more diligence in the affairs of your
soul. But because you are possibly experiencing spiritual darkness,
are you going to get all wrought up, give up prayer, and thus make
things twice as bad as they are?
Let us assume that this aridity is a punishment for your tepidity.
Was it not God who sent it? Accept your desolation, as your just
desserts and unite yourself to God's holy will. Did you not say that
you merited hell? And now you are complaining? Perhaps you think God
should send you consolations! Away with such ideas and be patient
under God's hand. Take up your prayers again and continue to walk in
the way you have entered upon; for the future, fear lest such laments
come from too little humility and too little resignation to the will
of God. Therefore be resigned and say: "Lord, I accept this
punishment from thy hands, and I accept it for as long as it pleases
thee; if it be thy will that I should be thus afflicted for all
eternity, I am satisfied." Such a prayer, though hard to make, will
be far more advantageous to you than the sweetest sensible
It is well to remember, however, that aridity is not always a
chastisement; at times it is a disposition of divine providence for
our greater spiritual profit and to keep us humble. Lest St. Paul
become vain on account of the spiritual gifts he had received, the
Lord permitted him to be tempted to impurity: "And lest the greatness
of the revelations should exalt me, there was given me a sting of my
flesh, an angel of Satan to buffet me."
Prayer made amid sensible devotion is not much of an achievement:
"There is a friend, a companion at the table, and he will not abide
in the day of distress." You would not consider the casual guest at
your table a friend, but only him who assists you in your need
without thought of benefit to himself. When God sends spiritual
darkness and desolation, his true friends are known.
Palladius, the author of the "Lives of the Fathers of the Desert,"
experiencing great disgust in prayer, went seeking advice from the
abbot Macarius. The saintly abbot gave him this counsel: "When you
are tempted in times of dryness to give up praying because you seem
to be wasting your time, say: 'Since I cannot pray, I will be
satisfied just to remain on watch here in my cell for the love of
Jesus Christ!' "Devout soul, you do the same when you are tempted to
give up prayer just because you seem to be getting nowhere. Say: "I
am going to stay here just to please God." St. Francis de Sales used
to say that if we do nothing else but banish distractions and
temptations in our prayers, the prayer is well made. Tauler states
that persevering prayer in time of dryness will receive greater grace
than prayer made amid great sensible devotion.
Rodriguez cites the case of a person who persevered forty years in
prayer despite aridity, and experienced great spiritual strength as a
result of it; on occasion, when through aridity he would omit
meditation he felt spiritually weak and incapable of good deeds. St.
Bonaventure and Gerson both say that persons who do not experience
the recollection they would like to have in their meditations, often
serve God better than they would do if they did have it; the reason
is that lack of recollection keeps them more diligent and humble;
otherwise they would become puffed up with spiritual pride and grow
tepid, vainly believing they had reached the summit of sanctity.
What has been said of dryness holds true of temptations also.
Certainly we should strive to avoid temptations; but if God wishes
that we be tempted against faith, purity, or any other virtue, we
should not give in to discouraging lamentations, but submit ourselves
with resignation to God's holy will. St. Paul asked to be freed from
temptations to impurity and our Lord answered him, saying: "My grace
is sufficient for thee."
So should we act when we find ourselves victims of unrelenting
temptations and God seemingly deaf to our prayers. Let us then say:
"Lord, do with me, let happen to me what thou wilt; thy grace is
sufficient for me. Only never let me lose this grace." Consent to
temptation, not temptation of itself, can make us lose the grace of
Temptation resisted keeps us humble, brings us greater merit, makes
us have frequent recourse to God, thus preserving us from offending
him and unites us more closely to him in the bonds of his holy love.
Finally, we should be united to God's will in regard to the time and
manner of our death. One day St. Gertrude, while climbing up a small
hill, lost her footing and fell into a ravine below.
After her companions had come to her assistance, they asked her if
while falling she had any fear of dying without the sacraments. "I
earnestly hope and desire to have the benefit of the sacraments when
death is at hand; still, to my way of thinking, the will of God is
I believe that the best disposition I could have to die a happy death
would be to submit myself to whatever God would wish in my regard.
For this reason I desire whatever kind of death God will be pleased
to send me."
In his "Dialogues", St. Gregory tells of a certain priest, Santolo by
name, who was captured by the Vandals and condemned to death. The
barbarians told him to choose the manner of his death. He refused,
saying: "I am in God's hands and I gladly accept whatever kind of
death he wishes me to suffer at your hands; I wish no other." This
reply was so pleasing to God that he miraculously stayed the hand of
the executioner ready to behead him. The barbarians were so impressed
by the miracle that they freed their prisoner. As regards the manner
of our death, therefore, we should esteem that the best kind of death
for us which God has designed for us.
When therefore we think of our death, let our prayer be: "O Lord,
only let me save my soul and I leave the manner of my death to thee!"
We should likewise unite ourselves to God's will when the moment of
death is near. What else is this earth but a prison where we suffer
and where we are in constant danger of losing God?
Hence David prayed: "Bring my soul out of prison." St. Teresa too
feared to lose God and when she would hear the striking of the clock,
she would find consolation in the thought that the passing of the
hour was an hour less of the danger of losing God.
St. John of Avila was convinced that every right-minded person should
desire death on account of living in peril of losing divine grace.
What can be more pleasant or desirable than by dying a good death, to
have the assurance of no longer being able to lose the grace of God?
Perhaps you will answer that you have as yet done nothing to deserve
this reward. If it were God's will that your life should end now,
what would you be doing, living on here against his will? Who knows,
you might fall into sin and be lost! Even if you escaped mortal sin,
you could not live free from all sin. "Why are we so tenacious of
life," exclaims St. Bernard, "when the longer we live, the more we
sin?'' A single venial sin is more displeasing to God than all the
good works we can perform.
Moreover, the person who has little desire for heaven shows he has
little love for God. The true lover desires to be with his beloved.
We cannot see God while we remain here on earth; hence the saints
have yearned for death so that they might go and behold their beloved
Lord, face to face. "Oh, that I might die and behold thy beautiful
face!" sighed St. Augustine. And St. Paul: "Having a desire to be
dissolved and to be with Christ." "When shall I come and appear
before the face of God?" exclaimed the psalmist.
A hunter one day heard the voice of a man singing most sweetly in the
forest. Following the sound, he came upon a leper horribly disfigured
by the ravages of his disease. Addressing him he said: "How can you
sing when you are so terribly afflicted and your death is so near at
hand?" And the leper: "Friend, my poor body is a crumbling wall and
it is the only thing that separates me from my God. When it falls I
shall go forth to God. Time for me is indeed fast running out, so
every day I show my happiness by lifting my voice in song."
Lastly, we should unite ourselves to the will of God as regards our
degree of grace and glory. True, we should esteem the things that
make for the glory of God, but we should show the greatest esteem for
those that concern the will of God. We should desire to love God more
than the seraphs, but not to a degree higher than God has destined
for us. St. John of Avila says: "I believe every saint has had the
desire to be higher in grace than he actually was. However, despite
this, their serenity of soul always remained unruffled. Their desire
for a greater degree of grace sprang not from a consideration of
their own good, but of God's. They were content with the degree of
grace God had meted out for them, though actually God had given them
less. They considered it a greater sign of true love of God to be
content with what God had given them, than to desire to have received
This means, as Rodriguez explains it, we should be diligent in
striving to become perfect, so that tepidity and laziness may not
serve as excuses for some to say: "God must help me; I can do only so
much for myself." Nevertheless, when we do fall into some fault, we
should not lose our peace of soul and union with the will of God,
which permits our fall; nor should we lose our courage. Let us rise
at once from this fall, penitently humbling ourselves and by seeking
greater help from God, let us continue to march resolutely on the
highway of the spiritual life. Likewise, we may well desire to be
among the seraphs in heaven, not for our own glory, but for God's,
and to love him more; still we should be resigned to his will and be
content with that degree of glory which in his mercy he has set for
It would be a serious defect to desire the gifts of supernatural
prayer -- specifically, ecstasies, visions and revelations. The
masters of the spiritual life say that souls thus favored by God,
should ask him to take them away so that they may love him out of
pure faith -- a way of greater security. Many have come to perfection
without these supernatural gifts; the only virtues worth-while are
those that draw the soul to holiness of life, namely, the virtue of
uniformity with God's holy will. If God does not wish to raise us to
the heights of perfection and glory, let us unite ourselves in all
things to his holy will, asking him in his mercy, to grant us our
soul's salvation. If we act in this manner, the reward will not be
slight which we shall receive from the hands of God who loves above
all others, souls resigned to his holy will.
Finally we should consider the events which are happening to us now
and which will happen to us in the future, as coming from the hands
of God. Everything we do should be directed to this one end: to do
the will of God and to do it solely for the reason that God wills it.
To walk more securely on this road we must depend on the guidance of
our superiors in external matters, and on our directors in internal
matters, to learn from them God's will in our regard, having great
faith in the words of our Lord: "He that heareth you, heareth me."
Above all, let us bend all our energies to serve God in the way he
wishes. This remark is made so that we may avoid the mistake of him
who wastes his time in idle day-dreaming. Such a one says, "If I were
to become a hermit, I would become a saint" or "If I were to enter a
monastery, I would practice penance" or "If I were to go away from
here, leaving friends and companions, I would devote long hours to
prayer." If, If, If -- all these if's! In the meantime such a person
goes from bad to worse. These idle fancies are often temptations of
the devil, because they are not in accord with God's will. Hence we
should dismiss them summarily and rouse ourselves to serve God only
in that way which he has marked out for us. Doing his holy will, we
shall certainly become holy in those surroundings in which he has
Let us will always and ever only what God wills; for so doing, he
will press us to his heart. To this end let us familiarize ourselves
with certain texts of sacred scripture that invite us to unite
ourselves constantly with the divine will: "Lord, what wilt thou have
me do?" Tell me, my God, what thou wilt have me do, that I may will
it also, with all my heart. "I am thine, save thou me." I am no
longer my own, I am thine, O Lord, do with me as thou wilt.
If some particularly crashing misfortune comes upon us, for example,
the death of a relative, loss of goods, let us say: "Yea, Father, for
so it hath seemed good in thy sight." Yes, my God and my Father, so
be it, for such is thy good pleasure. Above all, let us cherish that
prayer of our Lord, which he himself taught us: "Thy will be done on
earth as it is in heaven." Our Lord bade St. Catherine of Genoa to
make a notable pause at these words whenever she said the Our Father,
praying that God's holy will be fulfilled on earth with the same
perfection with which the saints do it in heaven. Let this be our
practice also, and we shall certainly become saints.
May the divine will be loved and praised! May the Immaculate Virgin
be also praised!