THE PROPHECY OF OSEE
OSEE, or Hosea, whose name signifies A saviour, was the
first in the order of time among those who are commonly
called lesser prophets, because their prophecies are short.
He prophesied in the kingdom of Israel, that is, of the ten
tribes, about the same time that Isaias prophesied in the
kingdom of Juda.
Osee Chapter 1
By marrying a harlot, and by the names of his children, the
prophet sets forth the crimes of Israel and their
punishment. He foretells their redemption by Christ.
1:1. The word of the Lord, that came to Osee, the son of
Beeri, in the days of Ozias, Joathan, Achaz, and Ezechias,
kings of Juda, and in the days of Jeroboam, the son of
Joas, king of Israel.
1:2. The beginning of the Lord's speaking by Osee: and the
Lord said to Osee: Go, take thee a wife of fornications,
and have of her children of fornications: for the land by
fornication shall depart from the Lord.
A wife of fornications... That is, a wife that has been
given to fornication. This was to represent the Lord's
proceedings with his people Israel, who, by spiritual
fornication, were continually offending him.-Ibid.
Children of fornications... So called from the character
of their mother, if not also from their own wicked
1:3. So he went and took Gomer, the daughter of Debelaim:
and she conceived, and bore him a son.
1:4. And the Lord said to him: Call his name Jezrahel: for
yet a little while, and I will visit the blood of Jezrahel
upon the house of Jehu, and I will cause to cease the
kingdom of the house of Israel.
1:5. And in that day I will break in pieces the bow of
Israel in the valley of Jezrahel.
1:6. And she conceived again, and bore a daughter, and he
said to him: Call her name, Without mercy: for I will not
add any more to have mercy on the house of Israel, but I
will utterly forget them.
Without mercy... Lo-Ruhamah.
1:7. And I will have mercy on the house of Juda, and I will
save them by the Lord, their God: and I will not save them
by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, nor by horses, nor by
1:8. And she weaned her that was called Without mercy. And
she conceived, and bore a son.
1:9. And he said: Call his name, Not my people: for you are
not my people, and I will not be yours.
Not my people... Lo-ammi.
1:10. And the number of the children of Israel shall be as
the sand of the sea, that is without measure, and shall not
be numbered. And it shall be in the place where it shall be
said to them: You are not my people: it shall be said to
them: Ye are the sons of the living God.
The number, etc... Viz., of the true Israelites, the
children of the church of Christ.
1:11. And the children of Juda, and the children of Israel,
shall be gathered together: and they shall appoint
themselves one head, and shall come up out of the land: for
great is the day of Jezrahel.
One head... viz., Christ.-Ibid. Great is the day of
Jezrahel... That is, of the seed of God; for Jezrahel
signifies the seed of God.
Osee Chapter 2
Israel is justly punished for leaving God. The abundance of
grace in the church of Christ.
2:1. Say ye to your brethren: You are my people: and to
your sister: Thou hast obtained mercy.
Say to your brethren, etc... or, Call your brethren, My
people: and your sister, Her that hath obtained mercy.
This is connected with the latter end of the foregoing
chapter, and relates to the converts of Israel.
2:2. Judge your mother, judge her: because she is not my
wife, and I am not her husband. Let her put away her
fornications from her face, and her adulteries from between
Your mother... The synagogue.
2:3. Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that
she was born: and I will make her as a wilderness, and will
set her as a land that none can pass through and will kill
her with drought.
2:4. And I will not have mercy on her children. for they
are the children of fornications.
2:5. For their mother hath committed fornication, she that
conceived them is covered with shame: for she said: I will
go after my lovers, that give me my bread, and my water, my
wool, and my flax, my oil, and my drink.
2:6. Wherefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with
thorns, and I will stop it up with a wall, and she shall
not find her paths.
2:7. And she shall follow after her lovers, and shall not
overtake them: and she shall seek them, and shall not find,
and she shall say: I will go, and return to my first
husband: because it was better with me then than now.
2:8. And she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine,
and oil, and multiplied her silver, and gold, which they
have used in the service of Baal.
2:9. Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in its
season, and my wine in its season, and I will set at
liberty my wool, and my flax, which covered her disgrace.
2:10. And now I will lay open her folly in the eyes of her
lovers: and no man shall deliver her out of my hand:
2:11. And I will cause all her mirth to cease, her
solemnities, her new moons, her sabbaths, and all her
festival times. 2:12. And I will destroy her vines, and
her fig trees, of which she said: These are my rewards,
which my lovers have given me: and I will make her as a
forest and the beasts of the field shall devour her.
2:13. And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, to whom
she burnt incense, and decked herself out with her
earrings, and with her jewels, and went after her lovers,
and forgot me, saith the Lord.
2:14. Therefore, behold I will allure her, and will lead
her into the wilderness: and I will speak to her heart.
I will allure her, etc... After all her disloyalties, I
will still allure her by my grace etc., and send her
vinedressers, viz., the apostles: originally her own
children, who shall open to her the gates of hope; as
heretofore at her coming into the land of promise, she
had all good success after she had satisfied the divine
justice by the execution of Achan in the valley of Achor.
2:15. And I will give her vinedressers out of the same
place, and the valley of Achor for an opening of hope: and
she shall sing there according to the days of her youth,
and according to the days of her coming up out of the land
2:16. And it shall be in that day, saith the Lord: That she
shall call me: My husband, and she shall call me no more
My husband... In Hebrew, Ishi. Baali, my lord. The meaning
of this verse is: that whereas Ishi and Baali were used
indifferently in those days by wives speaking to their
husbands; the synagogue, whom God was pleased to consider
as his spouse, should call him only Ishi, and abstain
from the name of Baali, because of its affinity with the
2:17. And I will take away the names of Baalim out of her
mouth, and she shall no more remember their name.
Baalim... It is the plural number of Baal: for there were
divers idols of Baal.
2:18. And in that day I will make a covenant with them,
with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of the
air, and with the creeping things of the earth: and I will
destroy the bow, and the sword, and war out of the land:
and I will make them sleep secure.
2:19. And I will espouse thee to me for ever: and I will
espouse thee to me in justice, and judgment, and in mercy,
and in commiserations.
I will espouse thee, etc... This relates to the happy
espousals of Christ with his church: which shall never
2:20. And I will espouse thee to me in faith: and thou
shalt know that I am the Lord.
2:21. And it shall come to pass in that day: I will hear,
saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall
hear the earth.
Hear the heavens, etc... All shall conspire in favour of
the church, which in the following verse is called
Jezrahel, that is, the seed of God.
2:22. And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and
the oil, and these shall hear Jezrahel.
2:23. And I will sow her unto me in the earth, and I will
have mercy on her that was without mercy.
2:24. And I will say to that which is not my people: Thou
art my people: and they shall say: Thou art my God.
That which was not my people, etc... This relates to the
conversion of the Gentiles.
Osee Chapter 3
The prophet is commanded again to love an adulteress; to
signify God's love to the synagogue. The wretched state of
the Jews for a long time, till at last they shall be
3:1. And the Lord said to me: Go yet again, and love a
woman beloved of her friend, and an adulteress: as the Lord
loveth the children of Israel, and they look to strange
gods, and love the husks of the grapes.
3:2. And I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver,
and for a core of barley, and for half a core of barley.
3:3. And I said to her: Thou shalt wait for me many days:
thou shalt not play tbe harlot, and thou shalt be no man's,
and I also will wait for thee.
3:4. For the children of Israel shall sit many days without
king, and without prince, and without sacrifice, and
without altar, and without ephod, and without theraphim.
Theraphim... Images or representations.
3:5. And after this the children of Israel shall return and
shall seek the Lord, their God, and David, their king: and
they shall fear the Lord, and his goodness, in the last
David their king... That is, Christ, who is of the house
Osee Chapter 4
God's judgment against the sins of Israel: Juda is warned
not to follow their example.
4:1. Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of Israel, for
the Lord shall enter into judgment with the inhabitants of
the land: for there is no truth, and there is no mercy, and
there is no knowledge of God in the land.
4:2. Cursing, and lying, and killing, and theft, and
adultery, have overflowed, and blood hath touched blood.
4:3. Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that
dwelleth in it shall languish with the heat of the field,
and with the fowls of the air: yea, the fishes of the sea
also shall be gathered together.
4:4. But yet let not any man judge: and let not a man be
rebuked: for thy people are as they that contradict the
Let not any man judge, etc... As if he would say: It is
in vain to strive with them, or reprove them, they are so
obstinate in evil.
4:5. And thou shalt fall today, and the prophet also shall
fall with thee: in the night I have made thy mother to be
4:6. My people have been silent, because they had no
knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will
reject thee, that thou shalt not do the office of
priesthood to me: and thou hast forgotten the law of thy
God, I also will forget thy children.
4:7. According to the multitude of them, so have they
sinned against me: I will change their glory into shame.
4:8. They shall eat the sins of my people, and shall lift
up their souls to their iniquity.
4:9. And there shall be like people like priest: and I will
visit their ways upon them, and I will repay them their
4:10. And they shall eat and shall not be filled: they have
committed fornication, and have not ceased: because they
have forsaken the Lord in not observing the law.
4:11. Fornication, and wine, and drunkenness, take away the
4:12. My people have consulted their stocks, and their
staff hath declared unto them: for the spirit of
fornication hath deceived them, and they have committed
fornication against their God.
4:13. They offered sacrifice upon the tops of the
mountains, and burnt incense upon the hills: under the oak,
and the poplar, and the turpentine tree, because the shadow
thereof was good: therefore shall your daughters commit
fornication, aud your spouses shall be adulteresses.
4:14. I will not visit upon your daughters, when they shall
commit fornication, and upon your spouses when they shall
commit adultery: because themselves conversed with harlots,
and offered sacrifice with the effeminate, and the people
that doth not understand shall be beaten.
4:15. If thou play the harlot, O Israel, at least let not
Juda offend: and go ye not into Galgal, and come not up
into Bethaven, and do not swear: The Lord liveth.
Galgal and Bethaven... Places where idols were worshipped.
Bethel, which signifies the house of God, is called by the
prophet, Bethaven, that is, the house of vanity, from
Jeroboam's golden calf that was worshipped there.
4:16. For Israel hath gone astray like a wanton heifer now
will the Lord feed them, as a lamb in a spacious place.
4:17. Ephraim is a partaker with idols, let him alone.
4:18. Their banquet is separated, they have gone astray by
fornication: they that should have protected them have
loved to bring shame upon them.
4:19. The wind hath bound them up in its wings, and they
shall be confounded because of their sacrifices.
Osee Chapter 5
God's threats against the priests, the people, and princes
of Israel, for their idolatry.
5:1. Hear ye this, O priests, and hearken, O ye house of
Israel, and give ear, O house of the king: for there is a
judgment against you, because you have been a snare to them
whom you should have watched over and a net spread upon
O priests... What is said of priests in this prophecy is
chiefly understood of the priests of the kingdom of
Israel; who were not true priests of the race of Aaron;
but served the calves at Bethel and Dan.
5:2. And you have turned aside victims into the depth and I
am the teacher of them all.
5:3. I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me for now
Ephraim hath committed fornication, Israel is defiled.
5:4. They will not set their thoughts to return to their
God: for the spirit of fornication is in the midst of them,
and they have not known the Lord.
5:5. And the pride of Israel shall answer in his face: and
Israel, and Ephraim shall fall in their iniquity, Juda also
shall fall with them.
5:6. With their flocks and with their herds, they shall go
to seek the Lord, and shall not find him: he is withdrawn
5:7. They have transgressed against the Lord: for they have
begotten children that are strangers: now shall a month
devour them with their portions.
Children that are strangers... That is, aliens from God:
and therefore they are threatened with speedy destruction.
5:8. Blow ye the cornet in Gabaa, the trumpet in Rama: howl
ye in Bethaven, behind thy back, O Benjamin.
5:9. Ephraim shall be in desolation in the day of rebuke:
among the tribes of Israel I have shewn that which shall
5:10. The princes of Juda are become as they that take up
the bound: I will pour out my wrath upon them like water.
As they that take up the bound... That is, they that
remove the boundary, encroaching on the property of their
neighbors: figuratively: going beyond the boundary of the
laws of God.
5:11. Ephraim is under oppression, and broken in judgment:
because he began to go after filthiness.
5:12. And I will be like a moth to Ephraim: and like
rottenness to the house of Juda.
5:13. And Ephraim saw his sickness, and Juda his band: and
Ephraim went to the Assyrian, and sent to the avenging
king: and he shall not be able to heal you, neither shall
he be able to take off the band from you.
5:14. For I will be like a lioness to Ephraim, and like a
lion's whelp to the house of Juda: I, I will catch, and go:
I will take away, and there is none that can rescue.
5:15. I will go and return to my place: until you are
consumed, and seek my face.
Osee Chapter 6
Affliction shall be a means to bring many to Christ, a
complaint of the untowardness of the Jews. God loves mercy
more than sacrifice.
6:1. In their affliction they will rise early to me: Come,
and let us return to the Lord.
6:2. For he hath taken us, and he will heal us: he will
strike, and he will cure us.
6:3. He will revive us after two days: on the third day he
will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. We shall
know, and we shall follow on, that we may know the Lord.
His going forth is prepared as the morning light, and he
will come to us as the early and the latter rain to the
6:4. What shall I do to thee, O Ephraim? what shall I do to
thee, O Juda? your mercy is as a morning cloud, and as the
dew that goeth away in the morning.
6:5. For this reason have I hewed them by the prophets, I
have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments
shall go forth as the light.
6:6. For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice: and the
knowledge of God more than holocausts.
6:7. But they, like Adam, have transgressed the covenant,
there have they dealt treacherously against me.
6:8. Galaad is a city of workers of idols, supplanted with
Supplanted with blood... that is, undermined and brought
to ruin, for shedding of blood: and, as it is signified
in the following verse, for conspiring with the priests
(of Bethel) like robbers, to murder in the way such as
passed out of Sichem to go towards the temple of
Jerusalem. Or else ...supplanted with blood... signifies
flowing in such manner with blood, as to suffer none to
walk there without imbruing the soles of their feet in
6:9. And like the jaws of highway robbers, they conspire
with the priests who murder in the way those that pass out
of Sichem: for they have wrought wickedness.
6:1O. I have seen a horrible thing in the house of Israel:
the fornications of Ephraim there: Israel is defiled.
6:11. And thou also, O Juda, set thee a harvest, when I
shall bring back the captivity of my people.
Osee Chapter 7
The manifold sins of Israel, and of their kings, hinder the
Lord from healing them.
7:1. When I would have healed Israel, the iniquity of
Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria, for
they have committed falsehood, and the thief is come in to
steal, the robber is without.
7:2. And lest they may say in their hearts, that I remember
all their wickedness: their own devices now have beset them
about, they have been done before my face.
7:3. They have made the king glad with their wickedness:
and the princes with their lies.
Made the king glad, etc... To please Jeroboam, and their
other kings they have given themselves up to the wicked
worship of idols, which are mere falsehood and lies.
7:4. They are all adulterers, like an oven heated by the
baker: the city rested a little from the mingling of the
leaven, till the whole was leavened.
7:5. The day of our king, the princes began to be mad with
wine: he stretched out his hand with scorners.
7:6. Because they have applied their heart like an oven,
when he laid snares for them: he slept all the night baking
them, in the morning he himself was heated as a flaming
7:7. They were all heated like an oven, and have devoured
their judges: all their kings have fallen: there is none
amongst them that calleth unto me.
7:8. Ephraim himself is mixed among the nations: Ephraim is
become as bread baked under the ashes, that is not turned.
7:9. Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knew it
not: yea, grey hairs also are spread about upon him, and he
is ignorant of it.
7:10. And the pride of Israel shall be humbled before his
face: and they have not returned to the Lord their God, nor
have they sought him in all these.
7:11. And Ephraim is become as a dove that is decoyed, not
having a heart: they called upon Egypt, they went to the
7:12. And when they shall go, I will spread my net upon
them: I will bring them down as the fowl of the air, I will
strike them as their congregation hath heard.
7:13. Woe to them, for they have departed from me: they
shall be wasted because they have transgressed against me:
and I redeemed them: and they have spoken lies against me.
7:14. And they have not cried to me with their heart, but
they howled in their beds: they have thought upon wheat and
wine, they are departed from me.
7:15. And I have chastised them, and strengthened their
arms: and they have imagined evil against me.
7:16. They returned, that they might be without yoke: they
became like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by
the sword, for the rage of their tongue. This is their
derision in the land of Egypt.
Osee Chapter 8
The Israelites are threatened with destruction for their
impiety and idolatry.
8:1. Let there be a trumpet in thy throat like an eagle
upon the house of the Lord: because they have transgressed
my covenant, and have violated my law.
8:2. They shall call upon me: O my God, we, Israel, know
8:3. lsrael hath cast off the thing that is good, the enemy
shall pursue him.
8:4. They have reigned, but not by me: they have been
princes, and I knew not: of their silver and their gold
they have made idols to themselves, that they might perish.
8:5. Thy calf, O Samaria, is cast off, my wrath is kindled
against them. How long will they be incapable of being
8:6. For itself also is the invention of Israel: a workman
made it, and it is no god: for the calf of Samaria shall be
turned to spiders' webs.
8:7. For they shall sow wind, and reap a whirlwind, there
is no standing stalk in it, the bud shall yield no meal;
and if it should yield, strangers shall eat it.
8:8. Israel is swallowed up: now is he become among the
nations like an unclean vessel.
8:9. For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by
himself: Ephraim hath given gifts to his lovers.
8:10. But even though they shall have hired the nations,
now will I gather them together: and they shall rest a
while from the burden of the king, and the princes.
8:11. Because Ephraim hath made many altars to sin: altars
are become to him unto sin.
8:12. I shall write to him my manifold laws, which have
been accounted as foreign.
8:13. They shall offer victims, they shall sacrifice flesh,
and shall eat it, and the Lord will not receive them: now
will he remember their iniquity, and will visit their sins:
they shall return to Egypt.
8:14. And Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and hath built
temples: and Juda hath built many fenced cities: and I will
send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour the houses
Osee Chapter 9
The distress and captivity of Israel for their sins and
9:1. Rejoice not, O Israel: rejoice not as the nations do:
for thou hast committed fornication against thy God, thou
hast loved a reward upon every cornfloor.
9:2. The floor and the winepress shall not feed them, and
the wine shall deceive them.
9:3. They shall not dwell in the Lord's land: Ephraim is
returned to Egypt, and hath eaten unclean things among the
9:4. They shall not offer wine to the Lord, neither shall
they please him: their sacrifices shall be like the bread
of mourners: all that shall eat it shall be defiled: for
their bread is life for their soul, it shall not enter into
the house of the Lord.
9:5. What will you do in the solemn day, in the day of the
feast of the Lord?
9:6. For behold they are gone because of destruction: Egypt
shall gather them together, Memphis shall bury them:
nettles shall inherit their beloved silver, the bur shall
be in their tabernacles.
9:7. The days of visitation are come, the days of repaying
are come: know ye, O Israel, that the prophet was foolish,
the spiritual man was mad, for the multitude of thy
iniquity, and the multitude of thy madness.
9:8. The watchman of Ephraim was with my God: the prophet
is become a snare of ruin upon all his ways, madness is in
the house of his God.
9:9. They have sinned deeply, as in the days of Gabaa: he
will remember their iniquity, and wilI visit their sin.
9:1O. I found Israel like grapes in the desert, I saw their
fathers like the firstfruits of the fig tree in the top
thereof: but they went in to Beelphegor, and alienated
themselves to that confusion, and became abominable, as
those things were, which they loved.
9:11. As for Ephraim, their glory hath flown away like bird
from the birth, and from the womb, and from the conception.
9:12. And though they should bring up their children, I
will make them without children among men: yea, and woe to
them, when I shall depart from them.
9:13. Ephraim, as I saw, was a Tyre, founded in beauty: and
Ephraim shall bring out his children to the murderer.
9:14. Give them, O Lord. What wilt thou give them? Give
them a womb without children, and dry breasts.
9:15. All their wickedness is in Galgal, for there I hated
them: for the wickedness of their devices I will cast them
forth out of my house: I will love them no more, all their
princes are revolters.
9:16. Ephraim is struck, their root is dried up, they shall
yield no fruit. And if they should have issue, I will slay
the best beloved fruit of their womb.
9:17. My God will cast them away, because they hearkened
not to him: and they shall be wanderers among the nations.
Osee Chapter 10
After many benefits, great affliction shall fall upon the
ten tribes, for their ingratitude to God.
10:1. Israel a vine full of branches, the fruit is
agreeable to it: according to the multitude of his fruit,
he hath multiplied altars, according to the plenty of his
land he hath abounded with idols.
10:2. Their heart is divided: now they shall perish: he
shall break down their idols, he shall destroy their
10:3. For now they shall say: We have no king: because we
fear not the Lord: and what shall a king do to us?
10:4. You speak words of an unprofitable vision, and you
shall make a covenant: and judgment shall spring up as
bitterness in the furrows of the field.
10:5. The inhabitants of Samaria have worshipped the kine
of Bethaven: for the people thereof have mourned over it,
and the wardens of its temple that rejoiced over it in its
glory because it is departed from it.
The kine of Bethaven... The golden calves of Jeroboam.
10:6. For itself also is carried into Assyria, a present to
the avenging king: shame shall fall upon Ephraim, and
Israel shall be confounded in his own will.
Itself also is carried, etc... One of the golden calves
was given by king Manahem, to Phul, king of the Assyrians,
to engage him to stand by him.
10:7. Samaria hath made her king to pass as froth upon the
face of the water.
10:8. And the high places of the idol, the sin of Israel
shall be destroyed: the bur and the thistle shall grow up
over their altars: and they shall say to the mountains
Cover us; and to the hills: Fall upon us.
10:9. From the days of Gabaa, Israel hath sinned, there
they stood: the battle in Gabaa against the children of
iniquity shall not overtake them.
10:10. According to my desire, I will chastise them: and
the nations shall be gathered together against them, when
they shall be chastised for their two iniquities.
Their two iniquities... Their two calves.
10:11. Ephraim is a heifer taught to love to tread out
corn, but I passed over upon the beauty of her neck: I will
ride upon Ephraim, Juda shall plough, Jacob shall break the
furrows for himself.
10:12. Sow for yourselves in justice, and reap in the mouth
of mercy, break up your fallow ground: but the time to seek
the Lord is, when he shall come that shall teach you
10:13. You have ploughed wickedness, you have reaped
iniquity, you have eaten the fruit of lying: because thou
hast trusted in thy ways, in the multitude of thy strong
10:14. A tumult shall arise among thy people: and all thy
fortresses shall be destroyed as Salmana was destroyed, by
the house of him that judged Baal in the day of battle, the
mother being dashed in pieces upon her children.
As Salmana, king of the Midianites, was destroyed by the
house, that is, by the followers of him that judged Baal;
that is, of Gideon, who threw down the altar of Baal; and
was therefore called Jerubaal. See Judges 6 and 8.
10:15. So hath Bethel done to you, because of the evil of
Osee Chapter 11
God proceeds in threatening Israel for their ingratitude:
yet he will not utterly destroy them.
11:1. As the morning passeth, so hath the king of Israel
passed away. Because Israel was a child, and I loved him:
and I called my son out of Egypt.
I called my son... Viz., Israel. But as the calling of
Israel out of Egypt, was a figure of the calling of Christ
from thence; therefore this text is also applicable to
Christ, as we learn from Matthew 2.15.
11:2. As they called them, they went away from before their
face: they offered victims to Baalim, and sacrificed to
They called... Viz., Moses and Aaron called; but they went
away after other gods and would not hear.
11:3. And I was like a foster father to Ephraim, I carried
them in my arms: and they knew not that I healed them.
11:4. I will draw them with the cords of Adam, with the
bands of love: and I will be to them as one that taketh off
the yoke on their jaws: and I put his meat to him that he
11:5. He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the
Assyrian shall be his king: because they would not be
11:6. The sword hath begun in his cities, and it shall
consume his chosen men, and shall devour their heads.
11:7. And my people shall long for my return: but a yoke
shall be put upon them together, which shall not be taken
11:8. How shall I deal with thee, O Ephraim, shall I
protect thee, O Israel? how shall I make thee as Adama,
shall I set thee as Seboim? my heart is turned within me,
my repentance is stirred up.
Adama, etc... Adama and Seboim were two cities in the
neighborhood of Sodom: and underwent the like destruction.
11:9. I will not execute the fierceness of my wrath: I will
not return to destroy Ephraim: because I am God, and not
man: the holy one in the midst of thee, and I will not
enter into the city.
11:10. They shall walk after the Lord, he shall roar as a
lion: because he shall roar, and the children of the sea
11:11. And they shall fly away like a bird out of Egypt,
and like a dove out of the land of the Assyrians: and I
will place them in their own houses, saith the Lord.
11:12. Ephraim hath compassed me about with denials, and
the house of Israel with deceit: but Juda went down as a
witness with God, and is faithful with the saints.
Osee Chapter 12
Israel is reproved for sin. God's favours to them.
12:1. Ephraim feedeth on the wind, and followeth the
burning heat: all the day long he multiplied lies and
desolation: and he hath made a covenant with the Assyrians,
and carried oil into Egypt.
12:2. Therefore there is a judgment of the Lord with Juda,
and a visitation for Jacob: he will render to him according
to his ways, and according to his devices.
12:3. In the womb he supplanted his brother: and by his
strength he had success with an angel.
12:4. And he prevailed over the angel, and was
strengthened: he wept, and made supplication to him: he
found him in Bethel, and there he spoke with us.
12:5. Even the Lord God of hosts, the Lord is his memorial.
12:6. Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and
judgment, and hope in thy God always.
12:7. He is like Chanaan, there is a deceitful balance in
his hand, he hath loved oppression.
12:8. And Ephraim said: But yet I am become rich, I have
found me an idol: all my labours shall not find me the
iniquity that I have committed.
12:9. And I that am the Lord thy God from the land of
Egypt, will yet cause thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in
the days of the feast.
12:10. And I have spoken by the prophets, and I have
multiplied visions, and I have used similitudes by the
ministry of the prophets.
12:11. If Galaad be an idol, then in vain were they in
Galgal offering sacrifices with bullocks: for their altars
also are as heaps in the furrows of the field.
If Galaad be an idol, etc... That is, if Galaad with all
its idols and sacrifices be like a mere idol itself, being
brought to nothing by Theglathphalasar: how vain is it to
expect, that the idols worshipped in Galgal shall be of
any service to the tribes that remain.
12:12. Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel
served for a wife, and was a keeper for a wife.
12:13. But the Lord by a prophet brought Israel out of
Egypt: and he was preserved by a prophet.
12:14. Ephraim hath provoked me to wrath with his
bitterness, and his blood shall come upon him, and his Lord
will render his reproach unto him.
Osee Chapter 13
The judgments of God upon Israel for their sins. Christ
shall one day redeem them.
13:1. When Ephraim spoke, a horror seized Israel: and he
sinned in Baal, and died.
13:2. And now they have sinned more and more: and they have
made to themselves a molten thing of their silver as the
likeness of idols: the whole is the work of craftsmen: to
these that say: Sacrifice men, ye that adore calves.
13:3. Therefore they shall be as a morning cloud, and as
the early dew that passeth away, as the dust that is driven
with a whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of
13:4. But I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt: and
thou shalt know no God but me, and there is no saviour
13:5. I knew thee in the desert, in the land of the
13:6. According to their pastures they were filled, and
were made full: and they lifted up their heart, and have
13:7. And I will be to them as a lioness, as a leopard in
the way of the Assyrians.
13:8. I will meet them as a bear that is robbed of her
whelps, and I will rend the inner parts of their liver: and
I will devour them there as a lion, the beast of the field
shall tear them.
13:9. Destruction is thy own, O Israel: thy help is only in
13:10. Where is thy king? now especially let him save thee
in all thy cities: and thy judges, of whom thou saidst:
Give me kings and princes.
13:11. I will give thee a king in my wrath, and will take
him away iu my indignation.
13:12. The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up, his sin is
13:13. The sorrows of a woman in labour shall come upon
him, he is an unwise son: for now he shall not stand in the
breach of the children.
13:14. I will deliver them out of the hand of death. I will
redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy death; O
hell, I will be thy bite: comfort is hidden from my eyes.
13:15. Because he shall make a separation between brothers:
the Lord will bring a burning wind that shall rise from the
desert, and it shall dry up his springs, and shall make his
fountain desolate, and he shall carry off the treasure of
every desirable vessel.
Osee Chapter 14
Samaria shall be destroyed. An exhortation to repentance:
God's favour through Christ to the penitent.
14:1. Let Samaria perish, becsuse she hath stirred up her
God to bitterness: let them perish by the sword, let their
little ones be dashed, and let the women with child be
Perish, because she hath stirred up her God to
bitterness... It is not a curse or imprecation, but a
prophecy of what should come to pass.
14:2. Return, O Israel, to the Lord thy God: for thou hast
fallen down by thy iniquity.
14:3. Take with you words, and return to the Lord, and say
to him: Take away all iniquity, and receive the good: and
we will render the calves of our lips.
14:4. Assyria shall not save us, we will not ride upon
horses, neither will we say any more: The works of our
hands are our gods: for thou wilt have mercy on the
fatherless that is in thee.
14:5. I will heal their breaches, I will love them freely:
for my wrath is turned away from them.
14:6. I will be as the dew, Israel shall spring as the
lily, and his root shall shoot forth as that of Libanus.
14:7. His branches shall spread, and his glory shall be as
the olive tree: and his smell as that of Libanus.
14:8. They shall be converted that sit under his shadow:
they shall live upon wheat, and they shall blossom as a
vine: his memorial shall be as the wine of Libanus.
14:9. Ephraim shall say, What have I to do any more with
idols? I will hear him, and I will make him flourish like a
green fir tree: from me is thy fruit found.
14:10. Who is wise, and he shall understand these things?
prudent, and he shall know these things? for the ways of
the Lord are right, and the just shall walk in them: but
the transgressors shall fall in them.
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