THE PROPHECY OF NAHUM
NAHUM, whose name signifies A COMFORTER, was a native of
Elcese, or Elcesai, supposed to be a little town in
Galilee. He prophesied, after the ten tribes were carried
into captivity, and foretold the utter destruction of
Ninive, by the Babylonians and Medes: which happened in the
reign of JOSIAS.
Nahum Chapter 1
The majesty of God, his goodness to his people, and
severity to his enemies.
1:1. The burden of Ninive. The book of the vision of Nahum,
1:2. The Lord is a jealous God, and a revenger: the Lord is
a revenger, and hath wrath: the Lord taketh vengeance on
his adversaries, and he is angry with his enemies.
1:3. The Lord is patient, and great in power, and will not
cleanse and acquit the guilty. The Lord's ways are in a
tempest, and a whirlwind, and clouds are the dust of his
1:4. He rebuketh the sea and drieth it up: and bringeth all
the rivers to be a desert. Basan languisheth and Carmel: and
the flower of Libanus fadeth away.
1:5. The mountains tremble at him, and the hills are made
desolate: and the earth hath quaked at his presence, and the
world, and all that dwell therein.
1:6. Who can stand before the face of his indignation? and
who shall resist in the fierceness of his anger? his
indignation is poured out like fire: and the rocks are
melted by him.
1:7. The Lord is good, and giveth strength in the day of
trouble: and knoweth them that hope in him.
1:8. But with a flood that passeth by, he will make an
utter end of the place thereof: and darkness shall pursue
Of the place thereof... Viz., of Ninive.
1:9. What do ye devise against the Lord? he will make an
utter end: there shall not rise a double affliction.
1:10. For as thorns embrace one another: so while they are
feasting and drinking together, they shall be consumed as
stubble that is fully dry.
1:11. Out of thee shall come forth one that imagineth evil
against the Lord, contriving treachery in his mind.
Shall come forth one, etc... Some understand this of
Sennacherib. But as his attempt against the people seems
to have been prior to the prophecy of Nahum, we may better
understand it of Holofernes.
1:12. Thus saith the Lord: Though they were perfect: and
many of them so, yet thus shall they be cut off, and he
shall pass: I have afflicted thee, and I will afflict thee
Though they were perfect, etc... That is, however strong
or numerous their forces may be, they shall be cut off;
and their prince or leader shall pass away and disappear.
1:13. And now I will break in pieces his rod with which he
struck thy back, and I will burst thy bonds asunder.
1:14. And the Lord will give a commandment concerning thee,
that no more of thy name shall be sown: I will destroy the
graven and molten thing out of the house of thy God, I will
make it thy grave, for thou art disgraced.
Will give a commandment... That is, a decree, concerning
thee, O king of Ninive, thy seed shall fail, etc.
1:15. Behold upon the mountains the feet of him that
bringeth good tidings, and that preacheth peace: O Juda,
keep thy festivals, and pay thy vows: for Belial shall no
more pass through thee again, he is utterly cut off.
Belial... The wicked one, viz., the Assyrian.
Nahum Chapter 2
God sends his armies against Ninive to destroy it.
2:1. He is come up that shall destroy before thy face, that
shall keep the siege: watch the way, fortify thy loins,
strengthen thy power exceedingly.
2:2. For the Lord hath rendered the pride of Jacob, as the
pride of Israel: because the spoilers have laid them waste,
and have marred their vine branches.
Hath rendered the pride of Jacob, etc... He hath punished
Jacob for his pride; and therefore Ninive must not expect
to escape. Or else, rendering the pride of Jacob means
rewarding, that is, punishing Ninive for the pride they
exercised against Jacob.
2:3. The shield of his mighty men is like fire, the men of
the army are clad in scarlet, the reins of the chariot are
flaming in the day of his preparation, and the drivers are
Of his mighty men, etc... He speaks of the Chaldeans and
Medes sent to destroy Ninive.-Ibid. Stupefied...
consopiti. That is, they drive on furiously like men
intoxicated with wine.
2:4. They are in confusion in the ways, the chariots jostle
one against another in the streets: their looks are like
torches, like lightning running to and fro.
2:5. He will muster up his valiant men, they shall stumble
in their march: they shall quickly get upon the walls
thereof: and a covering shall be prepared.
Stumble in their march... By running hastily on.
2:6. The gates of the rivers are opened, and the temple is
thrown down to the ground.
2:7. And the soldier is led away captive: and her bondwomen
were led away mourning as doves, murmuring in their hearts.
2:8. And as for Ninive, her waters are like a great pool:
but the men flee away. They cry: Stand, stand, but there is
none that will return back.
2:9. Take ye the spoil of the silver, take the spoil of the
gold: for there is no end of the riches of all the precious
2:10. She is destroyed, and rent, and torn: the heart
melteth, and the knees fail, and all the loins lose their
strength: and the faces of them all are as the blackness of
2:11. Where is now the dwelling of the lions, and the
feeding place of the young lions, to which the lion went,
to enter in thither, the young lion, and there was none to
make them afraid?
2:12. The lion caught enough for his whelps, and killed for
his lionesses: and he filled his holes with prey, and his
den with rapine.
2:13. Behold I come against thee, saith the Lord of hosts,
and I will burn thy chariots even to smoke, and the sword
shall devour thy young lions: and I will cut off thy prey
out of the land, and the voice of thy messengers shall be
heard no more.
Nahum Chapter 3
The miserable destruction of Ninive.
3:1. Woe to thee, 0 city of blood, all full of lies and
violence: rapine shall not depart from thee.
3:2. The noise of the whip, and the noise of the rattling
of the wheels, and of the neighing horse; and of the
running chariot, and of the horsemen coming up,
3:3. And of the shining sword, and of thc glittering spear,
and of a multitude slain, and of a grievous destruction:
and there is no end of carcasses, and they shall fall down
on their dead bodies.
3:4. Because of the multitude of the fornications of the
harlot that was beautiful and agreeable, and that made use
of witchcraft, that sold nations through her fornications,
and families through her witchcrafts.
3:5. Behold I come against thee, saith the Lord of hosts:
and I will discover thy shame to thy face, and will shew
thy nakedness to the nations, and thy shame to kingdoms.
3:6. And I will cast abominations upon thee, and will
disgrace thee, and will make an example of thee.
3:7. And it shall come to pass that every one that shall
see thee, shall flee from thee, and shall say: Ninive is
laid waste: who shall bemoan thee? whence shall I seek a
comforter for thee?
3:8. Art thou better than the populous Alexandria, that
dwelleth among the rivers? waters are round about it: the
sea is its riches: the waters are its walls.
Populous Alexandria... No-Ammon. A populous city of Egypt
destroyed by the Chaldeans, and afterwards rebuilt by
Alexander, and called Alexandria. Others suppose No-Ammon
to be the same as Diospolis.
3:9. Ethiopia and Egypt were the strength thereof, and
there is no end: Africa and the Libyans were thy helpers.
3:10. Yet she also was removed and carried into cap-
tivity: her young children were dashed in pieces at the top
of every street, and they cast lots upon her nobles, and
all her great men were bound in fetters.
3:11. Therefore thou also shalt be made drunk, and shalt be
despised: and thou shalt seek help from the enemies.
3:12. All thy strong holds shall be like fig trees with
their green figs: if they be shaken, they shall fall into
the mouth of the eater.
3:13. Behold thy people in the midst of thee are women: the
gates of thy land shall be set wide open to thy enemies,
the fire shall devour thy bars.
3:14. Draw thee water for the siege, build up thy bulwarks:
go into the clay, and tread, work it and make brick.
3:15. There shall the fire devour thee: thou shalt perish
by the sword, it shall devour thee like the bruchus:
assemble together like the bruchus, make thyself many like
3:16. Thou hast multiplied thy merchandises above the stars
of heaven: the bruchus hath spread himself and flown away.
3:17. Thy guards are like the locusts: and thy little ones
like the locusts of locusts which swarm on the hedges in
the day of cold: the sun arose, and they flew away, and
their place was not known where they were.
Locusts of locusts... The young locusts.
3:18. Thy shepherds have slumbered, O king of Assyria, thy
princes shall be buried: thy people are hid in the
mountains, and there is none to gather them.
3:19. Thy destruction is not hidden, thy wound is grievous:
all that have heard the fame of thee, have clapped their
hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness
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