THE EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL TO THE HEBREWS
St. Paul wrote this Epistle to the Christians in Palestine,
the most part of whom being Jews before their conversion,
they were called Hebrews. He exhorts them to be thoroughly
converted and confirmed in the faith of Christ, clearly
shewing them the preeminence of Christ's priesthood above
the Levitical, and also the excellence of the new law above
the old. He commends faith by the example of the ancient
fathers: and exhorts them to patience and perseverance and
to remain in fraternal charity. It appears from chap. 13
that this Epistle was written in Italy, and probably at
Rome, about twenty-nine years after our Lord's Ascension.
Hebrews Chapter 1
God spoke of old by the prophets, but now by his Son, who
is incomparably greater than the angels.
1:1. God, who, at sundry times and in divers manners, spoke
in times past to the fathers by the prophets, last of all,
1:2. In these days, hath spoken to us by his Son, whom he
hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the
1:3. Who being the brightness of his glory and the figure
of his substance and upholding all things by the word of
his power, making purgation of sins, sitteth on the right
hand of the majesty on high:
The figure... that is, the express image, and most perfect
resemblance. Making purgation... That is, having purged
away our sins by his passion.
1:4. Being made so much better than the angels as he hath
inherited a more excellent name than they.
1:5. For to which of the angels hath he said at any time:
Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee? And again: I
will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
1:6. And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into
the world, he saith: And let all the angels of God adore
1:7. And to the angels indeed he saith: He that maketh his
angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire.
1:8. But to the Son: Thy throne, O God, is for ever and
ever: a sceptre of justice is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
1:9. Thou hast loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore
God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness
above thy fellows.
1:10. And: Thou in the beginning, O Lord, didst found the
earth: and the works of thy hands are the heavens.
1:11. They shall perish: but thou shalt continue: and they
shall all grow old as a garment.
1:12. And as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they
shalt be changed. But thou art the selfsame: and thy years
shall not fail.
1:13. But to which of the angels said he at any time: Sit
on my right hand, until I make thy enemies thy footstool?
1:14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent to
minister for them who shall receive the inheritance of
Hebrews Chapter 2
The transgression of the precepts of the Son of God is far
more condemnable than of those of the Old Testament given
2:1. Therefore ought we more diligently to observe the
things which we have heard lest perhaps we should let them
2:2. For if the word spoken by angels became steadfast and
every transgression and disobedience received a just
recompense of reward:
2:3. How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation?
Which, having begun to be declared by the Lord, was
confirmed unto us by them that heard him.
2:4. God also bearing them witness by signs and wonders and
divers miracles and distributions of the Holy Ghost,
according to his own will.
2:5. For God hath not subjected unto angels the world to
come, whereof we speak.
2:6. But one in a certain place hath testified, saying:
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Or the son of
man, that thou visitest him?
2:7. Thou hast made him a little lower than the angels:
thou hast crowned him with glory and honour and hast set
him over the works of thy hands.
2:8. Thou hast subjected all things under his feet. For in
that he hath subjected all things to him he left nothing
not subject to him. But now we see not as yet all things
subject to him.
2:9. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the
angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and
honour: that, through the grace of God he might taste death
2:10. For it became him for whom are all things and by whom
are all things, who had brought many children into glory,
to perfect the author of their salvation, by his passion.
Perfect by his passion... By suffering, Christ was to enter
into his glory, Luke 24.26, which the apostle here calls
being made perfect.
2:11. For both he that sanctifieth and they who are
sanctified are all of one. For which cause he is not
ashamed to call them brethren, saying:
2:12. I will declare thy name to my brethren: in the midst
of the church will I praise thee.
2:13. And again: I will put my trust in him. And again:
Behold I and my children, whom God hath given me.
2:14. Therefore because the children are partakers of flesh
and blood, he also himself in like manner hath been
partaker of the same: that, through death, he might destroy
him who had the empire of death, that is to say, the devil:
2:15. And might deliver them, who through the fear of death
were all their lifetime subject to servitude.
2:16. For nowhere doth he take hold of the angels: but of
the seed of Abraham he taketh hold.
No where doth he, etc... That is, he never took upon him
the nature of angels, but that of the seed of Abraham.
2:17. Wherefore, it behoved him in all things to be made
like unto his brethren, that he might become a merciful and
faithful high priest before God, that he might be a
propitiation for the sins of the people.
2:18. For in that wherein he himself hath suffered and been
tempted he is able to succour them also that are tempted.
Hebrews Chapter 3
Christ is more excellent than Moses. Wherefore we must
adhere to him by faith and obedience.
3:1. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly
vocation consider the apostle and high priest of our
3:2. Who is faithful to him that made him, as was also
Moses in all his house.
3:3. For this man was counted worthy of greater glory than
Moses, by so much as he that hath built the house hath
greater honour than the house.
3:4. For every house is built by some man: but he that
created all things is God.
3:5. And Moses indeed was faithful in all his house as a
servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be
3:6. But Christ, as the Son in his own house: which house
are we, if we hold fast the confidence and glory of hope
unto the end.
3:7. Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith: To-day if you
shall hear his voice,
3:8. Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the
day of temptation in the desert,
3:9. Where your fathers tempted me, proved and saw my
3:10. Forty years: for which cause I was offended with this
generation, and I said: They always err in heart. And they
have not known my ways.
3:11. As I have sworn in my wrath: If they shall enter into
3:12. Take heed, brethren, lest perhaps there be in any of
you an evil heart of unbelief, to depart from the living
3:13. But exhort one another every day, whilst it is called
to day, that none of you be hardened through the
deceitfulness of sin.
3:14. For we are made partakers of Christ: yet so, if we
hold the beginning of his substance firm unto the end.
3:15. While it is said: To day, if you shall hear his
voice, harden not your hearts, as in that provocation.
3:16. For some who heard did provoke: but not all that came
out of Egypt by Moses.
3:17. And with whom was he offended forty years? Was it not
with them that sinned, whose carcasses were overthrown in
3:18. And to whom did he swear, that they should not enter
into his rest: but to them that were incredulous?
3:19. And we see that they could not enter in, because of
Hebrews Chapter 4
The Christian's rest. We are to enter into it through Jesus
4:1. Let us fear therefore lest, the promise being left of
entering into his rest, any of you should be thought to be
4:2. For unto us also it hath been declared in like manner
as unto them. But the word of hearing did not profit them,
not being mixed with faith of those things they heard.
4:3. For we, who have believed, shall enter into rest; as
he said: As I have sworn in my wrath: If they shall enter
into my rest; and this indeed when the works from the
foundation of the world were finished.
4:4. For in a certain place he spoke of the seventh day
thus: And God rested the seventh day from all his works.
4:5. And in this place again: If they shall enter into my
4:6. Seeing then it remaineth that some are to enter into
it, and they to whom it was first preached did not enter
because of unbelief:
4:7. Again he limiteth a certain day, saying in David; To
day, after so long a time as it is above said: To day if
you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
4:8. For if Jesus had given them rest he would never have
afterwards spoken of another day.
Jesus... Josue, who in Greek is called Jesus.
4:9. There remaineth therefore a day of rest for the people
4:10. For he that is entered into his rest, the same also
hath rested from his works, as God did from his.
4:11. Let us hasten therefore to enter into that rest: lest
any man fall into the same example of unbelief.
4:12. For the word of God is living and effectual and more
piercing than any two edged sword; and reaching unto the
division of the soul and the spirit, of the joints also and
the marrow: and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents
of the heart.
4:13. Neither is there any creature invisible in his sight:
but all things are naked and open to his eyes, to whom our
4:14. Having therefore a great high priest that hath passed
into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God: let us hold fast
4:15. For we have not a high priest who cannot have
compassion on our infirmities: but one tempted in all
things like as we are, without sin.
4:16. Let us go therefore with confidence to the throne of
grace: that we may obtain mercy and find grace in
Hebrews Chapter 5
The office of a high priest. Christ is our high priest.
5:1. For every high priest taken from among men is ordained
for men in the things that appertain to God, that he may
offer up gifts and sacrifices for sins:
5:2. Who can have compassion on them that are ignorant and
that err: because he himself also is compassed with
5:3. And therefore he ought, as for the people, so also for
himself, to offer for sins.
5:4. Neither doth any man take the honour to himself, but
he that is called by God, as Aaron was.
5:5. So Christ also did not glorify himself, that he might
be made a high priest: but he that said unto him: Thou art
my Son: this day have I begotten thee.
5:6. As he saith also in another place: Thou art a priest
for ever, according to the order of Melchisedech.
5:7. Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and
tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that
was able to save him from death, was heard for his
5:8. And whereas indeed he was the Son of God, he learned
obedience by the things which he suffered.
5:9. And being consummated, he became, to all that obey
him, the cause of eternal salvation:
5:10. Called by God a high priest, according to the order
5:11. Of whom we have much to say and hard to be
intelligibly uttered: because you are become weak to hear.
5:12. For whereas for the time you ought to be masters, you
have need to be taught again what are the first elements of
the words of God: and you are become such as have need of
milk and not of strong meat.
5:13. For every one that is a partaker of milk is unskilful
in the word of justice: for he is a little child.
5:14. But strong meat is for the perfect: for them who by
custom have their senses exercised to the discerning of
good and evil.
Hebrews Chapter 6
He warns them of the danger of falling by apostasy and
exhorts them to patience and perseverance.
6:1. Wherefore, leaving the word of the beginning of
Christ, let us go on to things more perfect: not laying
again the foundation of penance from dead works and of
faith towards God,
The word of the beginning... The first rudiments of the
6:2. Of the doctrine of baptisms and imposition of hands,
and of the resurrection of the dead, and of eternal
6:3. And this will we do, if God permit.
6:4. For it is impossible for those who were once
illuminated, have tasted also the heavenly gift and were
made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
It is impossible, etc... The meaning is, that it is
impossible for such as have fallen after baptism, to be
again baptized; and very hard for such as have apostatized
from the faith, after having received many graces, to
return again to the happy state from which they fell.
6:5. Have moreover tasted the good word of God and the
powers of the world to come,
6:6. And are fallen away: to be renewed again to penance,
crucifying again to themselves the Son of God and making
him a mockery.
6:7. For the earth, that drinketh in the rain which cometh
often upon it and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by
whom it is tilled, receiveth blessing from God.
6:8. But that which bringeth forth thorns and briers is
reprobate and very near unto a curse: whose end is to be
6:9. But, my dearly beloved, we trust better things of you,
and nearer to salvation; though we speak thus.
6:10. For God is not unjust, that he should forget your
work and the love which you have shewn in his name, you who
have ministered and do minister to the saints.
6:11. And we desire that every one of you shew forth the
same carefulness to the accomplishing of hope unto the end:
6:12. That you become not slothful, but followers of them
who through faith and patience shall inherit the promises.
6:13. For God making promises to Abraham, because he had no
one greater by whom he might swear, swore by himself,
6:14. Saying: Unless blessing I shall bless thee and
multiplying I shall multiply thee.
6:15. And so patiently enduring he obtained the promise.
6:16. For men swear by one greater than themselves: and an
oath for confirmation is the end of all their controversy.
6:17. Wherein God, meaning more abundantly to shew to the
heirs of the promise the immutability of his counsel,
interposed an oath:
6:18. That by two immutable things in which it is
impossible for God to lie, we may have the strongest
comfort, we who have fled for refuge to hold fast the hope
set before us.
6:19. Which we have as an anchor of the soul, sure and
firm, and which entereth in even within the veil:
6:20. Where the forerunner Jesus is entered for us, made a
high priest for ever according to the order of
Hebrews Chapter 7
The priesthood of Christ according to the order of
Melchisedech excels the Levitical priesthood and puts an
end both to that and to the law.
7:1. For this Melchisedech was king of Salem, priest of the
most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter
of the kings and blessed him:
7:2. To whom also Abraham divided the tithes of all: who
first indeed by interpretation is king of justice: and then
also king of Salem, that is, king of peace:
7:3. Without father, without mother, without genealogy,
having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but
likened unto the Son of God, continueth a priest for ever.
Without father, etc... Not that he had no father, etc., but
that neither his father, nor his pedigree, nor his birth,
nor his death, are set down in scripture.
7:4. Now consider how great this man is, to whom also
Abraham the patriarch gave tithes out of the principal
7:5. And indeed they that are of the sons of Levi, who
receive the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes
of the people according to the law, that is to say, of
their brethren: though they themselves also came out of the
loins of Abraham.
7:6. But he, whose pedigree is not numbered among them,
received tithes of Abraham and blessed him that had the
7:7. And without all contradiction, that which is less is
blessed by the better.
7:8. And here indeed, men that die receive tithes: but
there, he hath witness that he liveth.
7:9. And (as it may be said) even Levi who received tithes
paid tithes in Abraham:
7:10. For he was yet in the loins of his father when
Melchisedech met him.
7:11. If then perfection was by the Levitical priesthood
(for under it the people received the law), what further
need was there that another priest should rise according to
the order of Melchisedech: and not be called according to
the order of Aaron?
7:12. For the priesthood being translated, it is necessary
that a translation also be made of the law,
7:13. For he of whom these things are spoken is of another
tribe, of which no one attended on the altar.
7:14. For it is evident that our Lord sprung out of Juda:
in which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priests.
7:15. And it is yet far more evident: if according to the
similitude of Melchisedech there ariseth another priest,
7:16. Who is made, not according to the law of a law of a
carnal commandment, but according to the power of an
7:17. For he testifieth: Thou art a priest for ever
according to the order of Melchisedech.
7:18. There is indeed a setting aside of the former
commandment, because of the weakness and unprofitableness
7:19. For the law brought nothing to perfection: but a
bringing in of a better hope, by which we draw nigh to God.
7:20. And inasmuch as it is not without an oath (for the
others indeed were made priests without an oath:
7:21. But this with an oath, by him that said unto him: The
Lord hath sworn and he will not repent: Thou art a priest
7:22. By so much is Jesus made a surety of a better
7:23. And the others indeed were made many priests, because
by reason of death they were not suffered to continue:
Many priests, etc... The apostle notes this difference
between the high priests of the law, and our high priest
Jesus Christ; that they being removed by death, made way
for their successors; whereas our Lord Jesus is a priest
for ever, and hath no successor; but liveth and concurreth
for ever with his ministers, the priests of the new
testament, in all their functions. Also, that no one priest
of the law, nor all of them together, could offer that
absolute sacrifice of everlasting redemption, which our one
high priest Jesus Christ has offered once, and for ever.
7:24. But this, for that he continueth for ever, hath an
7:25. Whereby he is able also to save for ever them that
come to God by him; always living to make intercession for
Make intercession... Christ, as man, continually maketh
intercession for us, by representing his passion to his
7:26. For it was fitting that we should have such a high
priest, holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners,
and made higher than the heavens:
7:27. Who needeth not daily (as the other priests) to offer
sacrifices, first for his own sins, and then for the
people's: for this he did once, in offering himself.
7:28. For the law maketh men priests, who have infirmity:
but the word of the oath (which was since the law) the Son
who is perfected for evermore.
Hebrews Chapter 8
More of the excellence of the priesthood of Christ and of
the New Testament.
8:1. Now of the things which we have spoken, this is the
sum: We have such an high priest who is set on the right
hand of the throne of majesty in the heavens,
8:2. A minister of the holies and of the true tabernacle,
which the Lord hath pitched, and not man.
The holies... That is, the sanctuary.
8:3. For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and
sacrifices: wherefore it is necessary that he also should
have some thing to offer.
8:4. If then he were on earth, he would not be a priest:
seeing that there would be others to offer gifts according
to the law.
If then he were on earth, etc... That is, if he were not of
a higher condition than the Levitical order of earthly
priests, and had not another kind of sacrifice to offer, he
should be excluded by them from the priesthood, and its
functions, which by the law were appropriated to their
8:5. Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly
things. As it was answered to Moses, when he was to finish
the tabernacle: See (saith he) that thou make all things
according to the pattern which was shewn thee on the mount.
Who serve unto, etc... The priesthood of the law and its
functions were a kind of an example and shadow of what is
done by Christ in his church militant and triumphant, of
which the tabernacle was a pattern.
8:6. But now he hath obtained a better ministry, by how
much also he is a mediator of a better testament which is
established on better promises.
8:7. For if that former had been faultless, there should
not indeed a place have been sought for a second.
8:8. For, finding fault with them, he saith: Behold the
days shall come, saith the Lord: and I will perfect, unto
the house of Israel and unto the house of Juda, a new
8:9. Not according to the testament which I made to their
fathers, on the day when I took them by the hand to lead
them out of the land of Egypt: because they continued not
in my testament: and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
8:10. For this is the testament which I will make to the
house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will
give my laws into their mind: and in their heart will I
write them. And I will be their God: and they shall be my
8:11. And they shall not teach every man his neighbour and
every man his brother, saying: Know the Lord. For all shall
know me, from the least to the greatest of them.
They shall not teach, etc... So great shall be light and
grace of the new testament, that it shall not be necessary
to inculcate to the faithful the belief and knowledge of
the true God, for they shall all know him.
8:12. Because I will be merciful to their iniquities: and
their sins I will remember no more.
8:13. Now in saying a new, he hath made the former old. And
that which decayeth and groweth old is near its end.
A new... Supply `covenant'.
Hebrews Chapter 9
The sacrifices of the law were far inferior to that of
9:1. The former indeed had also justifications of divine
service and a sanctuary.
9:2. For there was a tabernacle made the first, wherein
were the candlesticks and the table and the setting forth
of loaves, which is called the Holy.
9:3. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is
called the Holy of Holies:
9:4. Having a golden censer and the ark of the testament
covered about on every part with gold, in which was a
golden pot that had manna and the rod of Aaron that had
blossomed and the tables of the testament.
9:5. And over it were the cherubims of glory overshadowing
the propitiatory: of which it is not needful to speak now
9:6. Now these things being thus ordered, into the first
tabernacle, the priests indeed always entered,
accomplishing the offices of sacrifices.
9:7. But into the second, the high priest alone, once a
year: not without blood, which he offereth for his own and
the people's ignorance:
9:8. The Holy Ghost signifying this: That the way into the
Holies was not yet made manifest, whilst the former
tabernacle was yet standing.
9:9. Which is a parable of the time present: according to
which gifts and sacrifices are offered, which cannot, as to
the conscience, make him perfect that serveth, only in
meats and in drinks,
9:10. And divers washings and justices of the flesh laid on
them until the time of correction.
Of correction... Viz., when Christ should correct and
settle all things.
9:11. But Christ, being come an high Priest of the good
things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle,
not made with hand, that is, not of this creation:
9:12. Neither by the blood of goats or of calves, but by
his own blood, entered once into the Holies, having
obtained eternal redemption.
Eternal redemption... By that one sacrifice of his blood,
once offered on the cross, Christ our Lord paid and
exhibited, once for all, the general price and ransom of
all mankind: which no other priest could do.
9:13. For if the blood of goats and of oxen, and the ashes
of an heifer, being sprinkled, sanctify such as are
defiled, to the cleansing of the flesh:
9:14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who by the
Holy Ghost offered himself unspotted unto God, cleanse our
conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?
9:15. And therefore he is the mediator of the new
testament: that by means of his death for the redemption of
those transgressions which were under the former testament,
they that are called may receive the promise of eternal
9:16. For where there is a testament the death of the
testator must of necessity come in.
9:17. For a testament is of force after men are dead:
otherwise it is as yet of no strength, whilst the testator
9:18. Whereupon neither was the first indeed dedicated
9:19. For when every commandment of the law had been read
by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and
goats, with water, and scarlet wool and hyssop, and
sprinkled both the book itself and all the people.
9:20. Saying: This is the blood of the testament which God
hath enjoined unto you.
9:21. The tabernacle also and all the vessels of the
ministry, in like manner, he sprinkled with blood.
9:22. And almost all things, according to the law, are
cleansed with blood: and without shedding of blood there is
9:23. It is necessary therefore that the patterns of
heavenly things should be cleansed with these: but the
heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than
9:24. For Jesus is not entered into the Holies made with
hands, the patterns of the true: but into Heaven itself,
that he may appear now in the presence of God for us.
9:25. Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the
high priest entereth into the Holies every year with the
blood of others:
Offer himself often... Christ shall never more offer
himself in sacrifice, in that violent, painful, and bloody
manner, nor can there be any occasion for it: since by that
one sacrifice upon the cross, he has furnished the full
ransom, redemption, and remedy for all the sins of the
world. But this hinders not that he may offer himself daily
in the sacred mysteries in an unbloody manner, for the
daily application of that one sacrifice of redemption to
9:26. For then he ought to have suffered often from the
beginning of the world. But now once, at the end of ages,
he hath appeared for the destruction of sin by the
sacrifice of himself.
9:27. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, and
after this the judgment:
9:28. So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins
of many. The second time he shall appear without sin to
them that expect him unto salvation.
To exhaust... That is, to empty, or draw out to the very
bottom, by a plentiful and perfect redemption.
Hebrews Chapter 10
Because of the insufficiency of the sacrifices of the law,
Christ our high priest shed his own blood for us, offering
up once for all the sacrifice of our redemption. He exhorts
them to perseverance.
10:1. For the law, having a shadow of the good things to
come, not the very image of the things, by the selfsame
sacrifices which they offer continually every year, can
never make the comers thereunto perfect.
10:2. For then they would have ceased to be offered:
because the worshippers once cleansed should have no
conscience of sin any longer.
They would have ceased... If they had been of themselves
perfect to all the intents of redemption and remission, as
Christ's death is there would have been no occasion of so
often repeating them: as there is no occasion for Christ's
dying any more for our sins.
10:3. But in them there is made a commemoration of sins
10:4. For it is impossible that with the blood of oxen and
goats sin should be taken away.
10:5. Wherefore, when he cometh into the world he saith:
Sacrifice and oblation thou wouldest not: but a body thou
hast fitted to me.
10:6. Holocausts for sin did not please thee.
10:7. Then said I: Behold I come: in the head of the book
it is written of me: that I should do thy will, O God.
10:8. In saying before, Sacrifices, and oblations, and
holocausts for sin thou wouldest not, neither are they
pleasing to thee, which are offered according to the law.
10:9. Then said I: Behold, I come to do thy will, O God: He
taketh away the first, that he may establish that which
10:10. In the which will, we are sanctified by the oblation
of the body of Jesus Christ once.
10:11. And every priest indeed standeth daily ministering
and often offering the same sacrifices which can never take
10:12. But this man, offering one sacrifice for sins, for
ever sitteth on the right hand of God,
10:13. From henceforth expecting until his enemies be made
10:14. For by one oblation he hath perfected for ever them
that are sanctified.
10:15. And the Holy Ghost also doth testify this to us. For
after that he said:
10:16. And this is the testament which I will make unto
them after those days, saith the Lord. I will give my laws
in their hearts and on their minds will I write them:
10:17. And their sins and iniquities I will remember no
10:18. Now, where there is a remission of these, there is
no more an oblation for sin.
There is no more an oblation for sin... Where there is a
full remission of sins, as in baptism, there is no more
occasion for a sin offering to be made for such sins
already remitted; and as for sins committed afterwards,
they can only be remitted in virtue of the one oblation of
10:19. Having therefore, brethren, a confidence in the
entering into the holies by the blood of Christ:
10:20. A new and living way which he hath dedicated for us
through the veil, that is to say, his flesh:
10:21. And a high priest over the house of God:
10:22. Let us draw near with a true heart, in fulness of
faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience
and our bodies washed with clean water.
10:23. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without
wavering (for he is faithful that hath promised):
10:24. And let us consider one another, to provoke unto
charity and to good works:
10:25. Not forsaking our assembly, as some are accustomed:
but comforting one anther, and so much the more as you see
the day approaching.
10:26. For if we sin wilfully after having the knowledge of
the truth, there is now left no sacrifice for sins:
If we sin wilfully... He speaks of the sin of wilful
apostasy from the known truth; after which, as we can not
be baptized again, we can not expect to have that abundant
remission of sins, which Christ purchased by his death,
applied to our souls in that ample manner as it is in
baptism: but we have rather all manner of reason to look
for a dreadful judgment; the more because apostates from
the known truth, seldom or never have the grace to return
10:27. But a certain dreadful expectation of judgment, and
the rage of a fire which shall consume the adversaries.
10:28. A man making void the law of Moses dieth without any
mercy under two or three witnesses:
10:29. How much more, do you think he deserveth worse
punishments, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God and
hath esteemed the blood of the testament unclean, by which
he was sanctified, and hath offered an affront to the
Spirit of grace?
10:30. For we know him that hath said: Vengeance belongeth
to me, and I will repay. And again: The Lord shall judge
10:31. It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the
10:32. But call to mind the former days, wherein, being
illuminated, you endured a great fight of afflictions.
10:33. And on the one hand indeed, by reproaches and
tribulations, were made a gazingstock; and on the other,
became companions of them that were used in such sort.
10:34. For you both had compassion on them that were in
bands and took with joy the being stripped of your own
goods, knowing that you have a better and a lasting
10:35. Do not therefore lose your confidence which hath a
10:36. For patience is necessary for you: that, doing the
will of God, you may receive the promise.
10:37. For yet a little and a very little while, and he
that is to come will come and will not delay.
10:38. But my just man liveth by faith: but if he withdraw
himself, he shall not please my soul.
10:39. But we are not the children of withdrawing unto
perdition, but of faith to the saving of the soul.
Hebrews Chapter 11
What faith is. Its wonderful fruits and efficacy
demonstrated in the fathers.
11:1. Now, faith is the substance of things to be hoped
for, the evidence of things that appear not.
11:2. For by this the ancients obtained a testimony.
11:3. By faith we understand that the world was framed by
the word of God: that from invisible things visible things
might be made.
11:4. By faith Abel offered to God a sacrifice exceeding
that of Cain, by which he obtained a testimony that he was
just, God giving testimony to his gifts. And by it he being
dead yet speaketh.
11:5. By faith Henoch was translated that he should not see
death: and he was not found because God had translated him.
For before his translation he had testimony that he pleased
11:6. But without faith it is impossible to please God. For
he that cometh to God must believe that he is: and is a
rewarder to them that seek him.
11:7. By faith Noe, having received an answer concerning
those things which as yet were not seen, moved with fear,
framed the ark for the saving of his house: by the which he
condemned the world and was instituted heir of the justice
which is by faith.
11:8. By faith he that is called Abraham obeyed to go out
into a place which he was to receive for an inheritance.
And he went out, not knowing whither he went.
He that is called Abraham... or, Abraham being called.
11:9. By faith he abode in the land of promise, as in a
strange country, dwelling in cottages, with Isaac and
Jacob, the co-heirs of the same promise.
11:10. For he looked for a city that hath foundations:
whose builder and maker is God.
11:11. By faith also Sara herself, being barren, received
strength to conceive seed, even past the time of age:
because she believed that he was faithful who had promised,
11:12. For which cause there sprung even from one (and him
as good as dead) as the stars of heaven in multitude and as
the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.
11:13. All these died according to faith, not having
received the promises but beholding them afar off and
saluting them and confessing that they are pilgrims and
strangers on the earth.
11:14. For they that say these things do signify that they
seek a country.
11:15. And truly, if they had been mindful of that from
whence they came out, they had doubtless, time to return.
11:16. But now they desire a better, that is to say, a
heavenly country. Therefore, God is not ashamed to be
called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.
11:17. By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered Isaac:
and he that had received the promises offered up his only
11:18. (To whom it was said: In Isaac shalt thy seed be
11:19. Accounting that God is able to raise up even from
the dead. Whereupon also he received him for a parable.
For a parable... That is, as a figure of Christ, slain and
coming to life again.
11:20. By faith also of things to come Isaac blessed Jacob
11:21. By faith Jacob, dying, blessed each of the sons of
Joseph and adored the top of his rod.
Adored the top of his rod... The apostle here follows the
ancient Greek Bible of the seventy interpreters, (which
translates in this manner, Gen. 47. 31.,) and alleges this
fact of Jacob, in paying a relative honour and veneration
to the top of the rod or sceptre of Joseph, as to a figure
of Christ's sceptre and kingdom, as an instance and
argument of his faith. But some translators, who are no
friends to this relative honour, have corrupted the text,
by translating it, he worshipped, leaning upon the top of
his staff; as if this circumstance of leaning upon his
staff were any argument of Jacob's faith, or worthy the
being thus particularly taken notice of by the Holy Ghost.
11:22. By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of
the going out of the children of Israel and gave
commandment concerning his bones.
11:23. By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three
months by his parents: because they saw he was a comely
babe, and they feared not the king's edict.
11:24. By faith Moses, when he was grown up, denied himself
to be the son of Pharao's daughter:
11:25. Rather choosing to be afflicted with the people of
God than to have the pleasure of sin for a time:
11:26. Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than
the treasure of the Egyptians. For he looked unto the
11:27. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the fierceness
of the king: for he endured, as seeing him that is
11:28. By faith he celebrated the pasch and the shedding of
the blood: that he who destroyed the firstborn might not
11:29. By faith they passed through the Red Sea, as by dry
land: which the Egyptians attempting, were swallowed up.
11:30. By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, by the
going round them seven days.
11:31. By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with the
unbelievers, receiving the spies with peace.
11:32. And what shall I yet say? For the time would fail me
to tell of Gedeon, Barac, Samson, Jephthe, David, Samuel,
and the prophets:
11:33. Who by faith conquered kingdoms, wrought justice,
obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,
11:34. Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of
the sword, recovered strength from weakness, became valiant
in battle, put to flight the armies of foreigners.
11:35. Women received their dead raised to life again. But
others were racked, not accepting deliverance, that they
might find a better resurrection.
11:36. And others had trial of mockeries and stripes:
moreover also of bands and prisons.
11:37. They were stoned, they were cut asunder, they were
tempted, they were put to death by the sword, they wandered
about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being in want,
11:38. Of whom the world was not worthy: wandering in
deserts, in mountains and in dens and in caves of the
11:39. And all these, being approved by the testimony of
faith, received not the promise:
11:40. God providing some better thing for us, that they
should not be perfected without us.
Hebrews Chapter 12
Exhortation to constancy under their crosses. The danger of
abusing the graces of the New Testament.
12:1. And therefore we also having so great a cloud of
witnesses over our head, laying aside every weight and sin
which surrounds us, let us run by patience to the fight
proposed to us:
12:2. Looking on Jesus, the author and finisher of faith,
who, having joy set before him, endured the cross,
despising the shame, and now sitteth on the right hand of
the throne of God.
12:3. For think diligently upon him that endured such
opposition from sinners against himself that you be not
wearied, fainting in your minds.
12:4. For you have not yet resisted unto blood, striving
12:5. And you have forgotten the consolation which speaketh
to you, as unto children, saying: My son, neglect not the
discipline of the Lord: neither be thou wearied whilst thou
art rebuked by him.
12:6. For whom the Lord loveth he chastiseth: and he
scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
12:7. Persevere under discipline. God dealeth with you as
with his sons. For what son is there whom the father doth
12:8. But if you be without chastisement, whereof all are
made partakers, then are you bastards and not sons.
12:9. Moreover, we have had fathers of our flesh for
instructors, and we reverenced them. Shall we not much more
obey the Father of spirits and live?
12:10. And they indeed for a few days, according to their
own pleasure, instructed us: but he, for our profit, that
we might receive his sanctification.
12:11. Now all chastisement for the present indeed seemeth
not to bring with it joy, but sorrow: but afterwards it
will yield to them that are exercised by it the most
peaceable fruit of justice.
12:12. Wherefore, lift up the hands which hang down and the
12:13. And make straight steps with your feet: that no one,
halting, may go out of the way; but rather be healed.
12:14. Follow peace with all men and holiness: without
which no man shall see God.
12:15. Looking diligently, lest any man be wanting to the
grace of God: lest any root of bitterness springing up do
hinder and by it many be defiled:
12:16. Lest there be any fornicator or profane person, as
Esau who for one mess sold his first birthright.
12:17. For know ye that afterwards, when he desired to
inherit the benediction, he was rejected. For he found no
place of repentance, although with tears he had sought it.
He found, etc... That is, he found no way to bring his
father to repent, or change his mind, with relation to his
having given the blessing to his younger brother Jacob.
12:18. For you are not come to a mountain that might be
touched and a burning fire and a whirlwind and darkness and
12:19. And the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words,
which they that had excused themselves, that the word might
not be spoken to them.
12:20. For they did not endure that which was said: and if
so much as a beast shall touch the mount, it shall be
12:21. And so terrible was that which was seen, Moses said:
I am frighted, and tremble.
12:22. But you are come to mount Sion and to the city of
the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to the company
of many thousands of angels,
12:23. And to the church of the firstborn who are written
in the heavens, and to God the judge of all, and to the
spirits of the just made perfect,
12:24. And to Jesus the mediator of the new testament, and
to the sprinkling of blood which speaketh better than that
12:25. See that you refuse him not that speaketh. For if
they escaped not who refused him that spoke upon earth,
much more shall not we that turn away from him that
speaketh to us from heaven.
12:26. Whose voice then moved the earth; but now he
promiseth, saying: Yet once more: and I will move, not only
the earth, but heaven also.
12:27. And in that he saith: Yet once more, he signifieth
the translation of the moveable things as made, that those
things may remain which are immoveable.
12:28. Therefore, receiving an immoveable kingdom, we have
grace: whereby let us serve, pleasing God, with fear and
12:29. For our God is a consuming fire.
Hebrews Chapter 13
Divers admonitions and exhortations.
13:1. Let the charity of the brotherhood abide in you.
13:2. And hospitality do not forget: for by this some,
being not aware of it, have entertained angels.
13:3. Remember them that are in bands, as if you were bound
with them: and them that labour, as being yourselves also
in the body.
13:4. Marriage honourable in all, and the bed undefiled.
For fornicators and adulterers God will judge.
Or, Let marriage be honourable in all... That is, in all
things belonging to the marriage state. This is a warning
to married people, not to abuse the sanctity of their
state, by any liberties or irregularities contrary
thereunto. Now it does not follow from this text that all
persons are obliged to marry, even if the word omnibus were
rendered, in all persons, instead of in all things: for if
it was a precept, St. Paul himself would have transgressed
it, as he never married. Moreover, those who have already
made a vow to God to lead a single life, should they
attempt to marry, they would incur their own damnation.
1 Tim. 5. 12.
13:5. Let your manners be without covetousness, contented
with such things as you have. For he hath said: I will not
leave thee: neither will I forsake thee.
13:6. So that we may confidently say: The Lord is my
helper: I will not fear what man shall do to me.
13:7. Remember your prelates who have spoken the word of
God to you: whose faith follow, considering the end of
13:8. Jesus Christ, yesterday, and today: and the same for
13:9. Be not led away with various and strange doctrines.
For it is best that the heart be established with grace,
not with meats: which have not profited those that walk in
13:10. We have an altar whereof they have no power to eat
who serve the tabernacle.
13:11. For the bodies of those beasts whose blood is
brought into the holies by the high priest for sin are
burned without the camp.
13:12. Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the
people by his own blood, suffered without the gate.
13:13. Let us go forth therefore to him without the camp,
bearing his reproach.
Let us go forth therefore to him without the camp, bearing
his reproach... That is, bearing his cross. It is an
exhortation to them to be willing to suffer with Christ,
reproaches, persecutions, and even death, if they desire to
partake of the benefit of his suffering for man's
13:14. For, we have not here a lasting city: but we seek
one that is to come.
13:15. By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of
praise always to God, that is to say, the fruit of lips
confessing to his name.
13:16. And do not forget to do good and to impart: for by
such sacrifices God's favour is obtained.
13:17. Obey your prelates and be subject to them. For they
watch as being to render an account of your souls: that
they may do this with joy and not with grief. For this is
not expedient for you.
13:18. Pray for us. For we trust we have a good conscience,
being willing to behave ourselves well in all things.
13:19. And I beseech you the more to do this, that I may be
restored to you the sooner.
13:20. And may the God of peace, who brought again from the
dead the great pastor of the sheep, our Lord Jesus Christ,
in the blood of the everlasting testament,
13:21. Fit you in all goodness, that you may do his will;
doing in you that which is well pleasing in his sight,
through Jesus Christ, to whom is glory for ever and ever.
13:22. And I beseech you, brethren, that you suffer this
word of consolation. For I have written to you in a few
13:23. Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty:
with whom (if he come shortly) I will see you.
13:24. Salute all your prelates and all the saints. The
brethren from Italy salute you.
13:25. Grace be with you all. Amen.
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