Council of Frankfort
Convened in the summer of 794, by the grace of God, authority of
the pope, and command of Charlemagne (can. 1), and attended by the
bishops of the Frankish kingdom, Italy, and the province of
Aquitania, and even by ecclesiastics from England. The council was
summoned primarily for the condemnation of Adoptionism (q.v.).
According to the testimony of contemporaries two papal legates
were present, Theophylact and Stephen, representing Pope Adrian I.
After an allocution by Charlemagne, the bishops drew up two
memorials against the Adoptionists, one containing arguments from
patristic writings; the other arguments from Scripture. The first
was the Libellus sacrosyllabus, written by Paulinus, Patriarch of
Aquileia, in the name of the Italian bishops; the second was the
Epistola Synodica, addressed to the bishops of Spain by those of
Germany, Gaul, and Aquitania. In the first of its fifty-six canons
the council condemned Adoptionism, and in the second repudiated
the Second Council of Nicaea (787), which, according to the faulty
Latin translation of its Acts (see CAROLINE BOOKS), seemed to
decree that the same kind of worship should be paid to images as
to the Blessed Trinity, though the Greek text clearly
distinguishes between latreia and proskynesis. The remaining
fifty-four canons dealt with metropolitan jurisdiction, monastic
discipline, superstition, etc.
LEO A. KELLY
Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler
Taken from the New Advent Web Page (www.knight.org/advent).
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