THE BOOK OF RUTH
This Book is called RUTH, from the name of the person whose
history is here recorded: who, being a Gentile, became a
convert to the true faith, and marrying Booz, the
great-grandfather of David, was one of those from whom
Christ sprung according to the flesh, and an illustrious
figure of the Gentile church. It is thought this book was
written by the prophet Samuel.
Ruth Chapter 1
Elimelech of Bethlehem going with his wife Noemi, and two
sons, into the land of Moab, dieth there. His sons marry
wives of that country and die without issue. Noemi
returneth home with her daughter in law Ruth, who refuseth
to part with her.
1:1. In the days of the judges, when the judges ruled,
there came a famine in the land. And a certain man of
Bethlehem Juda, went to sojourn in the land of Moab with
his wife and his two sons.
1:2. He was named Elimelech, and his wife Noemi: and his
two sons, the one Mahalon, and the other Chelion,
Ephrathites of Bethlehem Juda. And entering into the
country of Moab, they abode there.
1:3. And Elimelech the husband of Noemi died: and she
remained with her sons.
1:4. And they took wives of the women of Moab, of which one
was called Orpha, and the other Ruth. And they dwelt their
1:5. And they both died, to wit, Mahalon and Chelion: and
the woman was left alone, having lost both her sons and her
1:6. And she arose to go from the land of Moab to her own
country, with both her daughters in law: for she had heard
that the Lord had looked upon his people, and had given
1:7. Wherefore she went forth out of the place of her
sojournment, with both her daughters in law: and being now
in the way to return into the land of Juda,
1:8. She said to them: Go ye home to your mothers, the Lord
deal mercifully with you, as you have dealt with the dead
and with me.
1:9. May he grant you to find rest in the houses of the
husbands whom you shall take. And she kissed them. And they
lifted up their voice, and began to weep,
1:10. And to say: We will go on with thee to thy people.
1:11. But she answered them: Return, my daughters: why come
ye with me? have I any more sons in my womb, that you may
hope for husbands of me?
1:12. Return again, my daughters, and go your ways: for I
am now spent with age, and not fit for wedlock. Although I
might conceive this night, and bear children,
1:13. If you would wait till they were grown up, and come
to man's estate, you would be old women before you marry.
Do not so, my daughters, I beseech you: for I am grieved
the more for your distress, and the hand of the Lord is
gone out against me.
1:14. And they lifted up their voice, and began to weep
again: Orpha kissed her mother in law, and returned: Ruth
stuck close to her mother in law.
1:15. And Noemi said to her: Behold thy kinswoman is
returned to her people, and to her gods, go thou with her.
To her gods, etc... Noemi did not mean to persuade Ruth to
return to the false gods she had formerly worshipped:but
by this manner of speech, insinuated to her, that if she
would go with her, she must renounce her false gods and
return to the Lord the God of Israel.
1:16. She answered: Be not against me, to desire that I
should leave thee and depart: for whithersoever thou shalt
go, I will go: and where thou shalt dwell, I also will
dwell. Thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God.
1:17. The land that shall receive thee dying, in the same
will I die: and there will I be buried. The Lord do so and
so to me, and add more also, if aught but death part me and
The Lord do so and so, etc... A form of swearing usual in
the history of the Old Testament, by which the person
wished such and such evils to fall upon them, if they did
not do what they said.
1:18. Then Noemi seeing that Ruth was steadfastly
determined to go with her, would not be against it, nor
persuade her any more to return to her friends:
1:l9. So they went together, and came to Bethlehem. And
when they were come into the city, the report was quickly
spread among all: and the women said: This is that Noemi.
1:20. But she said to them: Call me not Noemi (that is,
beautiful,) but call me Mara (that is, bitter), for the
Almighty hath quite filled me with bitterness.
1:21. I went out full and the Lord hath brought me back
empty. Why then do you call me Noemi, whom the Lord hath
humbled, and the Almighty hath afflicted?
1:22. So Noemi came with Ruth, the Moabitess, her daughter
in law, from the land of her sojournment: and returned into
Bethlehem, in the beginning of the barley harvest.
Ruth Chapter 2
Ruth gleaneth in the field of Booz, who sheweth her favour.
2:1. Now her husband Elimelech had a kinsman, a powerful
man, and very rich, whose name was Booz.
2:3. And Ruth, the Moabitess, said to her mother in law: If
thou wilt, I will go into the field, and glean the ears of
corn that escape the hands of the reapers, wheresoever I
shall find grace with a householder, that will be
favourable to me. And she answered her: Go, my daughter.
2:3. She went, therefore, and gleaned the ears of corn
after the reapers. And it happened that the owner of that
field was Booz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech.
2:4. And behold, he came out of Bethlehem, and said to the
reapers: The Lord be with you. And they answered him: The
Lord bless thee.
2:5. And Booz said to the young man that was set over the
reapers: Whose maid is this ?
2:6. And he answered him: This is the Moabitess, who came
with Noemi, from the land of Moab,
2:7. And she desired leave to glean the ears of corn that
remain, following the steps of the reapers: and she hath
been in the field from morning till now, and hath not gone
home for one moment.
2:8. And Booz said to Ruth: Hear me, daughter, do not go to
glean in any other field, and do not depart from this
place: but keep with my maids,
2:9. And follow where they reap. For I have charged my
young men, not to molest thee: and if thou art thirsty, go
to the vessels, and drink of the waters whereof the
2:lO. She fell on her face, and worshipping upon the
ground, said to him: Whence cometh this to me, that I
should find grace before thy eyes, and that thou shouldst
vouchsafe to take notice of me, a woman of another country?
2:11. And he answered her: All hath been told me, that thou
hast done to thy mother in law after the death of thy
husband: and how thou hast left thy parents, and the land
wherein thou wast born, and art come to a people which thou
knewest not heretofore.
2:12. The Lord render unto thee for thy work, and mayst
thou receive a full reward of the Lord the God of Israel,
to whom thou art come, and under whose wings thou art fled.
2:13. And she said: I have found grace in thy eyes, my
lord, who hast comforted me, and hast spoken to the heart
of thy handmaid, who am not like to one of thy maids.
2:14. And Booz said to her: At mealtime come thou hither,
and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. So
she sat at the side of the reapers, and she heaped to
herself frumenty, and ate and was filled, and took the
2:15. And she arose from thence, to glean the ears of corn
as before. And Booz commanded his servants, saying: If she
would even reap with you, hinder her not:
2:16. And let fall some of your handfuls of purpose, and
leave them, that she may gather them without shame, and let
no man rebuke her when she gathereth them.
2:17. She gleaned therefore in the field till evening: and
beating out with a rod, and threshing what she had gleaned,
she found about the measure of an ephi of barley, that is,
2:18. Which she took up, and returned into the city, and
shewed it to her mother in law: moreover, she brought out,
and gave her of the remains of her meat, wherewith she had
2:19. And her mother in law said to her: Where hast thou
gleaned today, and where hast thou wrought? blessed be he
that hath had pity on thee. And she told her with whom she
had wrought: and she told the man's name, that he was
2:20. And Noemi answered her: Blessed be he of the Lord:
because the same kindness which he shewed to the living, he
hath kept also to the dead. And again she said: The man is
2:21. And Ruth said: He also charged me, that I should keep
close to his reapers, till all the corn should be reaped.
2:22. And her mother in law said to her: It is better for
thee, my daughter, to go out to reap with his maids, lest
in another man's field some one may resist thee.
2:23. So she kept close to the maids of Booz: and continued
to glean with them, till all the barley and the wheat were
laid up in the barns.
Ruth Chapter 3
Ruth instructed by her mother in law lieth at Booz's feet,
claiming him for her husband by the law of affinity: she
receiveth a good answer, and six measures of barley.
3:1. After she was returned to her mother in law, Noemi
said to her: My daughter, I will seek rest for thee, and
will provide that it may be well with thee.
3:2. This Booz, with whose maids thou wast joined in the
field, is our near kinsman, and behold this night he
winnoweth barley in the threshingfloor.
3:3. Wash thyself therefore and anoint thee, and put on thy
best garments, and go down to the barnfloor: but let not
the man see thee, till he shall have done eating and
3:4. And when he shall go to sleep, mark the place wherein
he sleepeth: and thou shalt go in, and lift up the clothes
wherewith he is covered towards his feet, and shalt lay
thyself down there: and he will tell thee what thou must
3:5. She answered: Whatsoever thou shalt command, I will
3:6. And she went down to the barnfloor, and did all that
her mother in law had bid her.
3:7. And when Booz had eaten, and drunk, and was merry, he
went to sleep by the heap of sheaves, and she came softly,
and uncovering his feet, laid herself down.
3:8. And behold, when it was now midnight the man was
afraid, and troubled: and he saw a woman lying at his feet,
3:9. And he said to her: Who art thou ? And she answered: I
am Ruth, thy handmaid: spread thy coverlet over thy
servant, for thou art a near kinsman.
3:10. And he said: Blessed art thou of the Lord, my
daughter, and thy latter kindness has surpassed the former:
because thou hast not followed young men either poor or
Thy latter kindness, viz... to thy husband deceased in
seeking to keep up his name and family by marrying his
relation according to the law, and not following after
young men. For Booz, it seems, was then in years.
3:11. Fear not therefore, but whatsoever thou shalt say to
me I will do to thee. For all the people that dwell within
the gates of my city, know that thou art a virtuous woman.
3:12. Neither do I deny myself to be near of kin, but there
is another nearer than I.
3:13. Rest thou this night: and when morning is come, if he
will take thee by the right of kindred, all is well: but if
he will not, I will undoubtedly take thee, so the Lord
liveth: sleep till the morning.
3:14. So she slept at his feet till the night was going
off. And she arose before men could know one another, and
Booz said: Beware lest any man know that thou camest
3:15. And again he said: Spread thy mantle, wherewith thou
art covered, and hold it with both hands. And when she
spread it and held it, he measured six measures of barley,
and laid it upon her. And she carried it, and went into the
3:16. And came to her mother in law; who said to her: What
hast thou done, daughter? And she told her all that the man
had done to her.
3:17. And she said: Behold he hath given me six measures of
barley: for he said: I will not have thee return empty to
thy mother in law.
3:18. And Noemi said: Wait, my daughter, till we see what
end the thing will have. For the man will not rest until he
have accomplished what he hath said.
Ruth Chapter 4
Upon the refusal of the nearer kinsman, Booz marrieth Ruth,
who bringeth forth Obed, the grandfather of David.
4:1 Then Booz went up to the gate, and sat there. And when
he had seen the kinsman going by, of whom he had spoken
before, he said to him, calling him by his name: Turn aside
for a little while, and sit down here. He turned aside, and
4:2. And Booz, taking ten men of the ancients of the city,
said to them: Sit ye down here.
4:3. They sat down, and he spoke to the kinsman: Noemi, who
is returned from the country of Moab will sell a parcel of
land that belonged to our brother Elimelech.
4:4. I would have thee to understand this, and would tell
thee before all that sit here, and before the ancients of
my people. If thou wilt take possession of it by the right
of kindred: buy it, and possess it: but if it please thee
not, tell me so, that I may know what I have to do. For
there is no near kinsman besides thee, who art first, and
me, who am second. But he answered: I will buy the field.
4:5. And Booz said to him: When thou shalt buy the field at
the woman's hand, thou must take also Ruth, the Moabitess,
who was the wife of the deceased: to raise up the name of
thy kinsman in his inheritance.
4:6. He answered: I yield up my right of next akin: for I
must not cut off the posterity of my own family. Do thou
make use of my privilege, which I profess I do willingly
4:7. Now this in former times was the manner in Israel
between kinsmen, that if at any time one yielded his right
to another: that the grant might be sure, the man put off
his shoe and gave it to his neighbour; this was a testimony
of cession of right in Israel.
4:8. So Booz said to his kinsman: Put off thy shoe. And
immediately he took it off from his foot.
4:9. And he said to the ancients, and to all the people:
You are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was
Elimelech's, and Chelion's, and Mahalon's, of the hand of
4:10. And have taken to wife Ruth, the Moabitess, the wife
of Mahalon, to raise up the name of the deceased in his
inheritance lest his name be cut off, from among his family
and his brethren and his people. You, I say, are witnesses
of this thing.
4:11. Then all the people that were in the gate, and the
ancients, answered: We are witnesses: The Lord make this
woman who cometh into thy house, like Rachel, and Lia, who
built up the house of Israel: that she may be an example of
virtue in Ephrata, and may have a famous name in Bethlehem:
Ephrata... Another name of Bethlehem.
4:12. And that the house may be, as the house of Phares,
whom Thamar bore unto Juda, of the seed which the Lord
shall give thee of this young woman.
4:13. Booz therefore took Ruth, and married her: and went
in unto her, and the Lord gave her to conceive, and to bear
4:14. And the women said to Noemi: Blessed be the Lord, who
hath not suffered thy family to want a successor: that his
name should be preserved in Israel.
4:I5. And thou shouldst have one to comfort thy soul, and
cherish thy old age. For he is born of thy daughter in law:
who loveth thee: and is much better to thee, than if thou
hadst seven sons.
4:16. And Noemi taking the child, laid it in her bosom, and
she carried it, and was a nurse unto it.
4:17. And the women, her neighbours, congratulating with
her, and saying, There is a son born to Noemi, called his
name Obed: he is the father of Isai, the father of David.
4:18. These are the generations of Phares: Phares begot
4:19. Esron begot Aram, Aram begot Aminadab,
4:20. Aminadab begot Nahasson, Nahasson begot Salmon,
4:21. Salmon begot Booz, Booz begot Obed,
4:22. Obed begot Isai, Isai begot David.
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