THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS
This Book is called LEVITICUS, because it treats of the
Offices, Ministries, Rites and Ceremonies of the Priests
and Levites. The Hebrews call it VAICRA, from the word with
which it begins.
Leviticus Chapter 1
Of holocausts or burnt offerings.
1:1. And the Lord called Moses, and spoke to him from the
tabernacle of the testimony, saying:
1:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to
them: The man among you that shall offer to the Lord a
sacrifice of the cattle, that is, offering victims of oxen
1:3. If his offering be a holocaust, and of the herd, he
shall offer a male without blemish, at the door of the
testimony, to make the Lord favourable to him.
A holocaust... That is, a whole burnt offering
(olokauston), so called, because the whole victim was
consumed with fire; and given in such manner to God as
wholly to evaporate, as it were, for his honour and glory;
without having any part of it reserved for the use of man.
The other sacrifices in the Old Testament were either
offerings for sin, or peace offerings: and these latter
again were either offered in thanksgiving for blessings
received; or by way of prayer for new favours or graces. So
that sacrifices were then offered to God for four different
ends or intentions, answerable to the different obligations
which man has to God: 1. By way of adoration, homage,
praise, and glory due to his divine majesty. 2. By way of
thanksgiving for all benefits received from him. 3. By way
of confessing and craving pardon for sins. 4. By way of
prayer and petition for grace and relief in all
necessities. In the New Law we have but one sacrifice,
viz., that of the body and blood of Christ: but this one
sacrifice of the New Testament perfectly answers all these
four ends; and both priest and people, as often as it is
celebrated, ought to join in offering it up for these four
1:4. And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim:
and it shall be acceptable, and help to its expiation.
1:5. And he shall immolate the calf before the Lord: and
the priests the sons of Aaron shall offer the blood
thereof, pouring it round about the altar, which is before
the door of the tabernacle.
1:6. And when they have flayed the victim, they shall cut
the joints into pieces:
1:7. And shall put fire on the altar, having before laid in
order a pile of wood.
1:8. And they shall lay the parts that are cut out in order
thereupon: to wit, the head, and all things that cleave to
1:9. The entrails and feet being washed with water. And the
priest shall burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, and
a sweet savour to the Lord.
1:10. And if the offering be of the flocks, a holocaust of
sheep or of goats, he shall offer a male without blemish.
1:11. And he shall immolate it at the side of the altar
that looketh to the north, before the Lord: but the sons of
Aaron shall pour the blood thereof upon the altar round
1:12. And they shall divide the joints, the head, and all
that cleave to the liver: and shall lay them upon the wood,
under which the fire is to be put.
1:13. But the entrails and the feet they shall wash with
water. And the priest shall offer it all and burn it all
upon the altar for a holocaust, and most sweet savour to
1:14. But if the oblation of a holocaust to the Lord be of
birds, of turtles, or of young pigeons:
1:15. The priest shall offer it at the altar: and twisting
back the neck, and breaking the place of the wound, he
shall make the blood run down upon the brim of the altar.
1:16. But the crop of the throat, and the feathers he shall
cast beside the altar at the east side, in the place where
the ashes are wont to be poured out.
1:17. And he shall break the pinions thereof, and shall not
cut, nor divide it with a knife: and shall burn it upon the
altar, putting fire under the wood. It is a holocaust and
oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord.
Leviticus Chapter 2
Of offerings of flour, and firstfruits.
2:1. When any one shall offer an oblation of sacrifice to
the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour: and he shall
pour oil upon it, and put frankincense,
2:2. And shall bring it to the sons of Aaron the priests.
And one of them shall take a handful of the flour and oil,
and all the frankincense; and shall put it a memorial upon
the altar for a most sweet savour to the Lord.
2:3. And the remnant of the sacrifice shall be Aaron's, and
his sons', holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord.
Holy of holies... That is, most holy, as being dedicated to
God, and set aside by his ordinance for the use of his
2:4. But when thou offerest a sacrifice baked in the oven
of flour, to wit, loaves without leaven, tempered with oil,
and unleavened wafers, anointed with oil:
2:5. If thy oblation be from the fryingpan, of flour
tempered with oil, and without leaven: 2:6. Thou shalt
divide it into little pieces, and shalt pour oil upon it.
2:7. And if the sacrifice be from the gridiron, in like
manner the flour shall be tempered with oil.
2:8. And when thou offerest it to the Lord, thou shalt
deliver it to the hands of the priest.
2:9. And when he hath offered it, he shall take a memorial
out of the sacrifice, and burn it upon the altar for a
sweet savour to the Lord.
2:10. And whatsoever is left, shall be Aaron's, and his
sons': holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord.
2:11. Every oblation that is offered to the Lord shall be
made without leaven: neither shall any leaven or honey be
burnt in the sacrifice to the Lord.
Without leaven or honey... No leaven nor honey was to be
used in the sacrifice offered to God; to signify that we
are to exclude from the pure worship of the gospel, all
double dealing and affection to carnal pleasures.
2:12. You shall offer only the firstfruits of them and
gifts: but they shall not be put upon the altar, for a
savour of sweetness.
2:13. Whatsoever sacrifice thou offerest, thou shalt season
it with salt: neither shalt thou take away the salt of the
covenant of thy God from thy sacrifice. In all thy
oblations thou shalt offer salt.
Salt... In every sacrifice salt was to be used, which is an
emblem of wisdom and discretion, without which none of our
performances are agreeable to God.
2:14. But if thou offer a gift of the firstfruits of thy
corn to the Lord, of the ears yet green, thou shalt dry it
at the fire, and break it small like meal; and so shalt
thou offer thy firstfruits to the Lord:
2:15. Pouring oil upon it and putting on frankincense,
because it is the oblation of the Lord.
2:16. Whereof the priest shall burn for a memorial of the
gift, part of the corn broken small and of the oil, and all
Leviticus Chapter 3
Of peace offerings.
3:1. And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offerings,
and he will offer of the herd, whether male or female: he
shall offer them without blemish before the Lord.
Peace offerings... Peace, in the scripture language,
signifies happiness, welfare or prosperity; in a word, all
kind of blessings.-Such sacrifices, therefore, as were
offered either on occasion of blessings received, or to
obtain new favours, were called pacific or peace offerings.
In these, some part of the victim was consumed with fire on
the altar of God; other parts were eaten by the priests and
by the persons for whom the sacrifice was offered.
3:2. And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his victim,
which shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the
testimony: and the sons of Aaron the priests shall pour the
blood round about upon the altar.
3:3. And they shall offer of the sacrifice of peace
offerings, for an oblation to the Lord: the fat that
covereth the entrails, and all the fat that is within,
3:4. The two kidneys with the fat wherewith the flanks are
covered, and the caul of the liver with the two little
3:5. And they shall burn them upon the altar, for a
holocaust, putting fire under the wood: for an oblation of
most sweet savour to the Lord.
3:6. But if his oblation and the sacrifice of peace
offering be of the flock, whether he offer male or female,
they shall be without blemish.
3:7. If he offer a lamb before the Lord:
3:8. He shall put his hand upon the head of the victim. And
it shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the
testimony: and the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood
thereof round about upon the altar.
3:9. And they shall offer of the victim of peace offerings,
a sacrifice to the Lord: the fat and the whole rump,
3:10. With the kidneys, and the fat that covereth the belly
and all the vitals and both the little kidneys, with the
fat that is about the flanks, and the caul of the liver
with the little kidneys.
3:11. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for
the food of the fire, and of the oblation of the Lord.
3:12. If his offering be a goat, and he offer it to the
3:13. He shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and
shall immolate it in the entry of the tabernacle of the
testimony. And the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood
thereof round about upon the altar.
3:14. And they shall take of it for the food of the Lord's
fire, the fat that covereth the belly, and that covereth
all the vital parts:
3:15. The two little kidneys with the caul that is upon
them which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with
the little kidneys.
3:16. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for
the food of the fire, and of a most sweet savour. All the
fat shall be the Lord's.
3:17. By a perpetual law for your generations, and in all
your habitations: neither blood nor fat shall you eat at
Fat... It is meant of the fat, which by the prescription of
the law was to be offered on God's altar; not of the fat of
meat, such as we commonly eat.
Leviticus Chapter 4
Of offerings for sins of ignorance.
4:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
4:2. Say to the children of Israel: The soul that sinneth
through ignorance, and doth any thing concerning any of the
commandments of the Lord, which he commanded not to be
Ignorance... To be ignorant of what we are bound to know is
sinful; and for such culpable ignorance, these sacrifices,
prescribed in this and the following chapter, were
4:3. If the priest that is anointed shall sin, making the
people to offend, he shall offer to the Lord for his sin a
calf without blemish.
4:4. And he shall bring it to the door of the testimony
before the Lord: and shall put his hand upon the head
thereof, and shall sacrifice it to the Lord.
4:5. He shall take also of the blood of the calf: and carry
it into the tabernacle of the testimony.
The blood... As the figure of the blood of Christ shed for
the remission of our sins, and carried by him into the
sanctuary of heaven.
4:6. And having dipped his finger in the blood, he shall
sprinkle with it seven times before the Lord, before the
veil of the sanctuary.
4:7. And he shall put some of the same blood upon the horns
of the altar of the sweet incense most acceptable to the
Lord, which is in the tabernacle of the testimony. And he
shall pour all the rest of the blood at the foot of the
altar of holocaust in the entry of the tabernacle.
4:8. And he shall take off the fat of the calf for the sin
offering, as well that which covereth the entrails, as all
4:9. The two little kidneys, and the caul that is upon
them, which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with
the little kidneys:
4:10. As it is taken off from the calf of the sacrifice of
peace offerings. And he shall burn them upon the altar of
4:11. But the skin and all the flesh with the head and the
feet and the bowels and the dung:
4:12. And the rest of the body, he shall carry forth
without the camp into a clean place where the ashes are
wont to be poured out: and he shall burn them upon a pile
of wood. They shall be burnt in the place where the ashes
are poured out.
4:13. And if all the multitude of Israel shall be ignorant,
and through ignorance shall do that which is against the
commandment of the Lord,
4:14. And afterwards shall understand their sin: they shall
offer for their sin a calf, and shall bring it to the door
of the tabernacle.
4:15. And the ancients of the people shall put their hands
upon the head thereof before the Lord. And the calf being
immolated in the sight of the Lord:
4:16. The priest that is anointed shall carry of the blood
into the tabernacle of the testimony.
4:17. And shall dip his finger in it and sprinkle it seven
times before the veil.
4:18. And he shall put of the same blood on the horns of
the altar that is before the Lord, in the tabernacle of the
testimony. And the rest of the blood he shall pour at the
foot of the altar of holocaust, which is at the door of the
tabernacle of the testimony.
4:19. And all the fat thereof he shall take off, and shall
burn it upon the altar:
4:20. Doing so with this calf, as he did also with that
before. And the priest praying for them, the Lord will be
merciful unto them.
4:21. But the calf itself he shall carry forth without the
camp, and shall burn it as he did the former calf: because
it is for the sin of the multitude.
4:22. If a prince shall sin, and through ignorance do any
one of the things that the law of the Lord forbiddeth,
4:23. And afterwards shall come to know his sin: he shall
offer a buck goat without blemish, a sacrifice to the Lord.
4:24. And he shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and
when he hath immolated it in the place where the holocaust
is wont to be slain before the Lord, because it is for sin,
4:25. The priest shall dip his finger in the blood of the
victim for sin, touching therewith the horns of the altar
of holocaust, and pouring out the rest at the foot thereof.
4:26. But the fat he shall burn upon it, as is wont to be
done with the victims of peace offerings. And the priest
shall pray for him, and for his sin: and it shall be
4:27. And if any one of the people of the land shall sin
through ignorance, doing any of those things that by the
law of the Lord are forbidden, and offending,
4:28. And shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a
she goat without blemish.
4:29. And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim
that is for sin: and shall immolate it in the place of the
4:30. And the priest shall take of the blood with his
finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of
holocaust: and shall pour out the rest at the foot thereof.
4:31. But taking off all the fat, as is wont to be taken
away of the victims of peace offerings, he shall burn it
upon the altar, for a sweet savour to the Lord: and he
shall pray for him, and it shall be forgiven him.
4:32. But if he offer of the flock a victim for his sin, to
wit, an ewe without blemish:
4:33. He shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and
shall immolate it in the place where the victims of
holocausts are wont to be slain.
4:34. And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with
his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of
holocaust: and the rest he shall pour out at the foot
4:35. All the fat also he shall take off, as the fat of the
ram that is offered for peace offerings is wont to be taken
away: and shall burn it upon the altar, for a burnt
sacrifice of the Lord. And he shall pray for him and his
sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
Leviticus Chapter 5
Of other sacrifices for sins.
5:1. If any one sin, and hear the voice of one swearing,
and is a witness either because he himself hath seen, or is
privy to it: if he do not utter it, he shall bear his
5:2. Whosoever toucheth any unclean thing, either that
which hath been killed by a beast, or died of itself, or
any other creeping thing: and forgetteth his uncleanness,
he is guilty, and hath offended.
5:3. And if he touch any thing of the uncleanness of man,
according to any uncleanness wherewith he is wont to be
defiled: and having forgotten it, come afterwards to know
it, he shall be guilty of an offence.
5:4. The person that sweareth, and uttereth with his lips,
that he would do either evil or good, and bindeth the same
with an oath, and his word: and having forgotten it
afterwards understandeth his offence,
5:5. Let him do penance for his sin:
5:6. And offer of the flocks an ewe lamb, or a she goat,
and the priest shall pray for him and for his sin.
5:7. But if he be not able to offer a beast, let him offer
two turtles, or two young pigeons to the Lord, one for sin,
and the other for a holocaust,
5:8. And he shall give them to the priest: who shall offer
the first for sin, and twist back the head of it to the
little pinions, so that it stick to the neck, and be not
altogether broken off.
5:9. And of its blood he shall sprinkle the side of the
altar: and whatever is left, he shall let it drop at the
bottom thereof, because it is for sin.
5:10. And the other he shall burn for a holocaust, as is
wont to be done. And the priest shall pray for him, and for
his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
5:11. And if his hand be not able to offer two turtles, or
two young pigeons, he shall offer for his sin the tenth
part of an ephi of flour. He shall not put oil upon it,
nor put any frankincense thereon, because it is for sin.
5:12. And he shall deliver it to the priest, who shall take
a handful thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar for a
memorial of him that offered it:
5:13. Praying for him and making atonement. But the part
that is left, he himself shall have for a gift.
5:14. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
5:15. If any one shall sin through mistake, transgressing
the ceremonies in those things that are sacrificed to the
Lord, he shall offer for his offence a ram without blemish
out of the flocks, that may be bought for two sicles,
according to the weight of the sanctuary.
5:16. And he shall make good the damage itself which he
hath done, and shall add the fifth part besides, delivering
it to the priest, who shall pray for him, offering the ram:
and it shall be forgiven him.
5:17. If any one sin through ignorance, and do one of those
things which by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and
being guilty of sin, understand his iniquity:
5:18. He shall offer of the flocks a ram without blemish to
the priest, according to the measure and estimation of the
sin. And the priest shall pray for him, because he did it
ignorantly: And it shall be forgiven him,
5:19. Because by mistake he trespassed against the Lord.
Leviticus Chapter 6
Oblation for sins of injustice: ordinances concerning the
holocausts and the perpetual fire: the sacrifices of the
priests, and the sin offerings.
6:1. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:2. Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall
deny to his neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping,
which was committed to his trust; or shall by force extort
any thing, or commit oppression;
6:3. Or shall find a thing lost, and denying it, shall also
swear falsely, or shall do any other of the many things,
wherein men are wont to sin:
6:4. Being convicted of the offence, he shall restore
6:5. All that he would have gotten by fraud, in the
principal, and the fifth part besides, to the owner, whom
6:6. Moreover for his sin he shall offer a ram without
blemish out of the flock: and shall give it to the priest,
according to the estimation and measure of the offence.
6:7. And he shall pray for him before the Lord: and he
shall have forgiveness for every thing in doing of which he
6:8. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:9. Command Aaron and his sons: This is the law of a
holocaust. It shall be burnt upon the altar, all night
until morning: the fire shall be of the same altar.
6:10. The priest shall be vested with the tunick and the
linen breeches; and he shall take up the ashes of that
which the devouring fire hath burnt: and putting them
beside the altar,
6:11. Shall put off his former vestments, and being clothed
with others, shall carry them forth without the camp, and
shall cause them to be consumed to dust in a very clean
6:12. And the fire on the altar shall always burn, and the
priest shall feed it, putting wood on it every day in the
morning: and laying on the holocaust, shall burn thereupon
the fat of the peace offerings.
6:13. This is the perpetual fire which shall never go out
on the altar.
The perpetual fire... This fire came from heaven, (infra.
chap. 9.24,) and was always kept burning on the altar, as a
figure of the heavenly fire of divine love, which ought to
be always burning in the heart of a Christian.
6:14. This is the law of the sacrifice and libations, which
the children of Aaron shall offer before the Lord, and
before the altar.
6:15. The priest shall take a handful of the flour that is
tempered with oil, and all the frankincense that is put
upon the flour: and he shall burn on the altar for a
memorial of most sweet odour to the Lord.
6:16. And the part of the flour that is left, Aaron and his
sons shall eat, without leaven: and he shall eat it in the
holy place of the court of the tabernacle.
6:17. And therefore it shall not be leavened, because part
thereof is offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord. It
shall be most holy, as that which is offered for sin and
6:18. The males only of the race of Aaron shall eat it. It
shall be an ordinance everlasting in your generations
concerning the sacrifices of the Lord: Every one that
toucheth them shall be sanctified.
6:19. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:20. This is the oblation of Aaron, and of his sons, which
they must offer to the Lord, in the day of their anointing.
They shall offer the tenth part of an ephi of flour for a
perpetual sacrifice, half of it in the morning, and half of
it in the evening.
6:21. It shall be tempered with oil, and shall be fried in
6:22. And the priest that rightfully succeedeth his father,
shall offer it hot, for a most sweet odour to the Lord: and
it shall he wholly burnt on the altar.
6:23. For every sacrifice of the priest shall be consumed
with fire: neither shall any man eat thereof.
6:24. And the Lord spoke to Moses. saying:
6:25. Say to Aaron and his sons: This is the law of the
victim for sin. In the place where the holocaust is
offered, it shall be immolated before the Lord. It is holy
6:26. The priest that offereth it, shall eat it in a holy
place, in the court of the tabernacle.
6:27. Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof, shall be
sanctified. If a garment be sprinkled with the blood
thereof, it shall be washed in a holy place.
6:28. And the earthen vessel, wherein it was sodden, shall
be broken: but if the vessel be of brass, it shall be
scoured, and washed with water.
6:29. Every male of the priestly race shall eat of the
flesh thereof, because it is holy of holies.
6:30. For the victim that is slain for sin, the blood of
which is carried into the tabernacle of the testimony to
make atonement in the sanctuary, shall not be eaten, but
shall be burnt with fire.
Leviticus Chapter 7
Of sacrifices for trespasses and thanks offerings. No fat
nor blood is to be eaten.
7:1. This also is the law of the sacrifice for a trespass:
it is most holy.
Trespass... Trespasses, for which these offerings were to
be made, were lesser offences than those for which the sin
offerings were appointed.
7:2. Therefore where the holocaust is immolated, the victim
also for a trespass shall be slain: the blood thereof shall
be poured round about the altar.
7:3. They shall offer thereof the rump and the fat that
covereth the entrails:
7:4. The two little kidneys, and the fat which is by the
flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys.
7:5. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is
the burnt sacrifice of the Lord for a trespass.
7:6. Every male of the priestly race, shall eat this flesh
in a holy place, because it is most holy.
7:7. As the sacrifice for sin is offered, so is also that
for a trespass: the same shall be the law of both these
sacrifices. It shall belong to the priest that offereth it.
7:8. The priest that offereth the victim of holocaust,
shall have the skin thereof.
7:9. And every sacrifice of flour that is baked in the
oven, and whatsoever is dressed on the gridiron, or in the
fryingpan, shall be the priest's that offereth it.
7:10. Whether they be tempered with oil, or dry, all the
sons of Aaron shall have one as much as another.
7:11. This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings
that is offered to the Lord.
7:12. If the oblation be for thanksgiving, they shall offer
loaves without leaven tempered with oil, and unleavened
wafers anointed with oil, and fine flour fried, and cakes
tempered and mingled with oil.
7:13. Moreover loaves of leavened bread with the sacrifice
of thanks, which is offered for peace offerings:
7:14. Of which one shall be offered to the Lord for
firstfruits, and shall be the priest's that shall pour out
the blood of the victim.
7:15. And the flesh of it shall be eaten the same day:
neither shall any of it remain until the morning.
7:16. If any man by vow, or of his own accord offer a
sacrifice, it shall in like manner be eaten the same day.
And if any of it remain until the morrow, it is lawful to
7:17. But whatsoever shall be found on the third day shall
be consumed with fire.
7:18. If any man eat of the flesh of the victim of peace
offerings on the third day, the oblation shall be of no
effect: neither shall it profit the offerer. Yea rather,
whatsoever soul shall defile itself with such meat, shall
be guilty of transgression.
7:19. The flesh that hath touched any unclean thing, shall
not be eaten: but shall be burnt with fire. He that is
clean shall eat of it.
7:20. If any one that is defiled shall eat of the flesh of
the sacrifice of peace offerings, which is offered to the
Lord, he shall be cut off from his people.
7:21. And he that hath touched the uncleanness of man, or
of beast, or of any thing that can defile, and shall eat of
such kind of flesh: shall be cut off from his people.
7:22. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
7:23. Say to the children of Israel: The fat of a sheep,
and of an ox, and of a goat you shall not eat.
7:24. The fat of a carcass that hath died of itself, and of
a beast that was caught by another beast, you shall have
for divers uses.
7:25. If any man eat the fat that should be offered for the
burnt sacrifice of the Lord, he shall perish out of his
7:26. Moreover you shall not eat the blood of any creature
whatsoever, whether of birds or beasts.
7:27. Every one that eateth blood, shall perish from among
7:28. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
7:29. Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He that
offereth a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, let him
offer therewith a sacrifice also, that is, the libations
7:30. He shall hold in his hands the fat of the victim, and
the breast. And when he hath offered and consecrated both
to the Lord, he shall deliver them to the priest,
7:31. Who shall burn the fat upon the altar. But the breast
shall be Aaron's and his sons'.
7:32. The right shoulder also of the victim, of peace
offerings shall fall to the priest for firstfruits.
7:33. He among the sons of Aaron, that offereth the blood,
and the fat: he shall have the right shoulder also for his
7:34. For the breast that is elevated and the shoulder that
is separated I have taken of the children of Israel, from
off their victims of peace offerings: and have given them
to Aaron the priest, and to his sons, by a law for ever,
from all the people of Israel.
7:35. This is the anointing of Aaron and his sons, in the
ceremonies of the Lord, in the day when Moses offered them,
that they might do the office of priesthood,
7:36. And the things that the Lord commanded to be given
them by the children of Israel, by a perpetual observance
in their generations.
7:37. This is the law of holocaust, and of the sacrifice
for sin, and for trespass, and for consecration, and the
victims of peace offerings:
7:38. Which the Lord appointed to Moses in mount Sinai,
when he commanded the children of Israel, that they should
offer their oblations to the Lord in the desert of Sinai.
Leviticus Chapter 8
Moses consecrateth Aaron and his sons.
8:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
8:2. Take Aaron with his sons, their vestments, and the oil
of unction: a calf for sin, two rams, a basket with
8:3. And thou shalt gather together all the congregation to
the door of the tabernacle.
8:4. And Moses did as the Lord had commanded. And all the
multitude being gathered together before the door of the
8:5. He said: This is the word that the Lord hath commanded
to be done.
8:6. And immediately, he offered Aaron and his sons. And
when he had washed them,
8:7. He vested the high priest with the strait linen
garment, girding him with the girdle, and putting on him
the violet tunick: and over it he put the ephod.
8:8. And binding it with the girdle, he fitted it to the
rational, on which was Doctrine and Truth.
8:9. He put also the mitre upon his head: and upon the
mitre over the forehead, he put the plate of gold,
consecrated with sanctification, as the Lord had commanded
8:10. He took also the oil of unction, with which he
anointed the tabernacle, with all the furniture thereof.
8:11. And when he had sanctified and sprinkled the altar
seven times, he anointed it, and all the vessels thereof:
and the laver with the foot thereof, he sanctified with the
8:12. And he poured it upon Aaron's head: and he anointed
and consecrated him.
8:13. And after he had offered his sons, he vested them
with linen tunicks, and girded them with girdles: and put
mitres on them as the Lord had commanded.
8:14. He offered also the calf for sin: and when Aaron and
his sons had put their hands upon the head thereof,
8:15. He immolated it: and took the blood, and dipping his
finger in it, he touched the horns of the altar round
about. Which being expiated, and sanctified, he poured the
rest of the blood at the bottom thereof.
8:16. But the fat that was upon the entrails, and the caul
of the liver, and the two little kidneys, with their fat,
he burnt upon the altar.
8:17. And the calf with the skin, and the flesh and the
dung, he burnt without the camp, as the Lord had commanded.
8:18. He offered also a ram for holocaust. And when Aaron
and his sons had put their hands upon its head:
8:19. He immolated it, and poured the blood thereof round
about the altar.
8:20. And cutting the ram into pieces, the head thereof,
and the joints, and the fat he burnt in the fire.
8:21. Having first washed the entrails, and the feet, and
the whole ram together he burnt upon the altar: because it
was a holocaust of most sweet odour to the Lord, as he had
8:22. He offered also the second ram, in the consecration
of priests: and Aaron, and his sons put their hands upon
the head thereof.
8:23. And when Moses had immolated it, he took of the blood
thereof, and touched the tip of Aaron's right ear, and the
thumb of his right hand, and in like manner also the great
toe of his right foot.
8:24. He offered also the sons of Aaron: and when with the
blood of the ram that was immolated, he had touched the tip
of the right ear of every one of them, and the thumbs of
their right hands, and the great toes of their right feet,
the rest he poured on the altar round about.
8:25. But the fat, and the rump, and all the fat that
covereth the entrails, and the caul of the liver, and the
two kidneys with their fat, and with the right shoulder, he
8:26. And taking out of the basket of unleavened bread,
which was before the Lord, a loaf without leaven, and a
cake tempered with oil and a wafer, he put them upon the
fat, and the right shoulder:
8:27. Delivering all to Aaron, and to his sons. Who having
lifted them up before the Lord,
8:28. He took them again from their hands, and burnt them
upon the altar of holocaust: because it was the oblation of
consecration, for a sweet odour of sacrifice to the Lord.
8:29. And he took of the ram of consecration, the breast
for his portion, elevating it before the Lord, as the Lord
had commanded him.
8:30. And taking the ointment, and the blood that was upon
the altar, he sprinkled Aaron, and his vestments, and his
sons, and their vestments with it.
8:31. And when he had sanctified them in their vestments,
he commanded them, saying: Boil the flesh before the door
of the tabernacle, and there eat it. Eat ye also the loaves
of consecration, that are laid in the basket, as the Lord
commanded me, saying: Aaron and his sons shall eat them.
8:32. And whatsoever shall be left of the flesh and the
loaves, shall be consumed with fire.
8:33. And you shall not go out of the door of the
tabernacle for seven days, until the day wherein the time
of your consecration shall be expired. For in seven days
the consecration is finished:
8:34. As at this present it hath been done, that the rite
of the sacrifice might be accomplished.
8:35. Day and night shall you remain in the tabernacle
observing the watches of the Lord, lest you die. For so it
hath been commanded me.
8:36. And Aaron and his sons did all things which the Lord
spoke by the hand of Moses.
Leviticus Chapter 9
Aaron offereth sacrifice for himself and the people. Fire
cometh from the Lord upon the altar.
9:1. And when the eighth day was come, Moses called Aaron
and his sons, and the ancients of Israel, and said to
9:2. Take of the herd a calf for sin, and a ram for a
holocaust, both without blemish, and offer them before the
9:3. And to the children of Israel thou shalt say: Take ye
a he goat for sin, and a calf, and a lamb, both of a year
old, and without blemish for a holocaust.
9:4. Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings. And
immolate them before the Lord, offering for the sacrifice
of every one of them flour tempered with oil: for to day
the Lord will appear to you.
9:5. They brought therefore all things that Moses had
commanded before the door of the tabernacle: where when all
the multitude stood,
9:6. Moses said: This is the word, which the Lord hath
commanded. Do it, and his glory will appear to you.
9:7. And he said to Aaron: Approach to the altar, and offer
sacrifice for thy sin. Offer the holocaust, and pray for
thyself and for the people: and when thou hast slain the
people's victim, pray for them, as the Lord hath commanded.
9:8. And forthwith Aaron, approaching to the altar,
immolated the calf for his sin.
9:9. And his sons brought him the blood of it: and he
dipped his finger therein, and touched the horns of the
altar, and poured the rest at the foot thereof.
9:10. And the fat, and the little kidneys, and the caul of
the liver, which are for sin, he burnt upon the altar, as
the Lord had commanded Moses.
9:11. But the flesh and skins thereof he burnt with fire
without the camp.
9:12. He immolated also the victim of holocaust: and his
sons brought him the blood thereof, which he poured round
about on the altar.
9:13. And the victim being cut into pieces, they brought to
him the head and all the members: all which he burnt with
fire upon the altar.
9:14. Having first washed the entrails and the feet with
9:15. Then offering for the sin of the people, he slew the
he goat: and expiating the altar,
9:16. He offered the holocaust.
9:17. Adding in the sacrifice the libations, which are
offered withal, and burning them upon the altar, besides
the ceremonies of the morning holocaust.
9:18. He immolated also the bullock and the ram, and peace
offerings of the people: and his sons brought him the
blood, which he poured upon the altar round about.
9:19. The fat also of the bullock, and the rump of the ram,
and the two little kidneys with their fat, and the caul of
9:20. They put upon the breasts. And after the fat was
burnt upon the altar,
9:21. Aaron separated their breasts, and the right
shoulders, elevating them before the Lord, as Moses had
9:22. And stretching forth his hands to the people, he
blessed them. And so the victims for sin, and the
holocausts, and the peace offerings being finished, he came
9:23. And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the
testimony, and afterwards came forth and blessed the
people. And the glory of the Lord appeared to all the
9:24. And, behold, a fire, coming forth from the Lord,
devoured the holocaust, and the fat that was upon the
altar: which when the multitude saw, they praised the Lord,
falling on their faces.
Leviticus Chapter 10
Nadab and Abiu for offering strange fire, are burnt by
fire. Priests are forbidden to drink wine, when they enter
into the tabernacle. The law of eating the holy things.
10:1. And Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their
censers, put fire therein, and incense on it, offering
before the Lord strange fire: which was not commanded them.
10:2. And fire coming out from the Lord destroyed them: and
they died before the Lord.
10:3. And Moses said to Aaron: This is what the Lord hath
spoken. I will be sanctified in them that approach to me:
and I will be glorified in the sight of all the people. And
when Aaron heard this, he held his peace.
10:4. And Moses called Misael and Elisaphan, the sons of
Oziel, the uncle of Aaron, and said to them: Go and take
away your brethren from before the sanctuary, and carry
them without the camp.
10:5. And they went forthwith and took them as they lay,
vested with linen tunicks, and cast them forth, as had been
10:6. And Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar,
his sons: Uncover not your heads, and rend not your
garments, lest perhaps you die, and indignation come upon
all the congregation. Let your brethren, and all the house
of Israel, bewail the burning which the Lord has kindled.
10:7. But you shall not go out of the door of the
tabernacle: otherwise you shall perish, for the oil of the
holy unction is on you. And they did all things according
to the precept of Moses.
10:8. The Lord also said to Aaron:
10:9. You shall not drink wine nor any thing that may make
drunk, thou nor thy sons, when you enter into the
tabernacle of the testimony, lest you die. Because it is an
everlasting precept; through your generations:
10:10. And that you may have knowledge to discern between
holy and unholy, between unclean and clean:
10:11. And may teach the children of Israel all my
ordinances which the Lord hath spoken to them by the hand
10:12. And Moses spoke to Aaron, and to Eleazar and
Ithamar, his sons that were left: Take the sacrifice that
is remaining of the oblation of the Lord, and eat it
without leaven beside the altar, because it is holy of
10:13. And you shall eat it in a holy place: which is given
to thee and thy sons of the oblations of the Lord, as it
hath been commanded me.
10:14. The breast also that is offered, and the shoulder
that is separated, you shall eat in a most clean place,
thou and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee. For they
are set aside for thee and thy children, of the victims of
peace offerings of the children of Israel.
10:15. Because they have elevated before the Lord the
shoulder and the breast, and the fat that is burnt on the
altar: and they belong to thee and to thy sons by a
perpetual law, as the Lord hath commanded.
10:16. While these things were a doing, when Moses sought
for the buck goat, that had been offered for sin, he found
it burnt. And being angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the
sons of Aaron that were left, he said:
10:17. Why did you not eat in the holy place the sacrifice
for sin, which is most holy, and given to you, that you may
bear the iniquity of the people, and may pray for them in
the sight of the Lord.
10:18. Especially, whereas none of the blood thereof hath
been carried within the holy places: and you ought to have
eaten it in the sanctuary, as was commanded me?
10:19. Aaron answered: This day hath been offered the
victim for sin, and the holocaust before the Lord: and to
me what thou seest has happened. How could I eat it, or
please the Lord in the ceremonies, having a sorrowful
10:20. Which when Moses had heard he was satisfied.
Leviticus Chapter 11
The distinction of clean and unclean animals.
11:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
11:2. Say to the children of Israel: These are the animals
which you are to eat of all the living things of the earth.
Animals which you are to eat, etc... The prohibition of so
many kinds of beasts, birds, and fishes, in the law, was
ordered, 1st, to exercise the people in obedience, and
temperance; 2ndly, to restrain them from the vices of which
these animals were symbols; 3rdly, because the things here
forbidden were for the most part unwholesome, and not
proper to be eaten; 4thly, that the people of God, by being
obliged to abstain from things corporally unclean, might be
trained up to seek a spiritual cleanness.
11:3. Whatsoever hath the hoof divided, and cheweth the cud
among the beasts, you shall eat.
Hoof divided, and cheweth the cud... The dividing of the
hoof and chewing of the cud, signify discretion between
good and evil, and meditating on the law of God; and where
either of these is wanting a man is unclean. In like manner
fishes were reputed unclean that had not fins and scales:
that is, souls that did not raise themselves up by prayer
and cover themselves with the scales of virtue.
11:4. But whatsoever cheweth indeed the cud, and hath a
hoof, but divideth it not, as the camel, and others: that
you shall not eat, but shall reckon it among the unclean.
11:5. The cherogrillus which cheweth the cud, but divideth
not the hoof, is unclean.
The cherogrillus... Some suppose it to be the rabbit,
others the hedgehog. St. Jerome intimates that it is
another kind of animal common in Palestine, which lives in
the holes of rocks or in the earth. We choose here, as also
in the names of several other creatures that follow (which
are little known in this part of the world,) to keep the
Greek or Latin names.
11:6. The hare also: for that too cheweth the cud, but
divideth not the hoof.
11:7. And the swine, which, though it divideth the hoof,
cheweth not the cud.
11:8. The flesh of these you shall not eat, nor shall you
touch their carcasses, because they are unclean to you.
11:9. These are the things that breed in the waters, and
which it is lawful to eat. All that hath fins, and scales,
as well in the sea, as in the rivers, and the pools, you
11:10. But whatsoever hath not fins and scales, of those
things that move and live in the waters, shall be an
abomination to you,
11:11. And detestable. Their flesh you shall not eat: and
their carcasses you shall avoid.
11:12. All that have not fins and scales, in the waters,
shall be unclean.
11:13. Of birds these are they which you must not eat, and
which are to be avoided by you: The eagle, and the griffon,
and the osprey.
The griffon... Not the monster which the painter represent,
which hath no being upon earth; but a bird of the eagle
kind, larger than the common.
11:14. And the kite, and the vulture, according to their
11:15. And all that is of the raven kind, according to
11:16. The ostrich, and the owl, and the larus, and the
hawk according to its kind.
11:17. The screech owl, and the cormorant, and the ibis.
11:18. And the swan, and the bittern, and the porphyrion.
11:19. The heron, and the charadroin according to its kind,
the houp also, and the bat.
11:20. Of things that fly, whatsoever goeth upon four feet,
shall be abominable to you.
11:21. But whatsoever walketh upon four feet, but hath the
legs behind longer, wherewith it hoppeth upon the earth,
11:22. That you shall eat: as the bruchus in its kind, the
attacus, and ophimachus, and the locust, every, one
according to their kind.
11:23. But of flying things whatsoever hath four feet only,
shall be an abomination to you.
11:24. And whosoever shall touch the carcasses of them,
shall be defiled: and shall be unclean until the evening:
11:25. And if it be necessary that he carry any of these
things when they are dead: he shall wash his clothes, and
shall be unclean until the sun set.
11:26. Every beast that hath a hoof, but divideth it not,
nor cheweth the cud shall be unclean: and he that toucheth
it, shall be defiled.
11:27. That which walketh upon hands of all animals which
go on all four, shall be unclean: he that shall touch their
carcasses shall be defiled until evening.
11:28. And he that shall carry such carcasses, shall wash
his clothes, and shall be unclean until evening: because
all these things are unclean to you.
11:29. These also shall be reckoned among unclean things,
of all that move upon the earth. The weasel, and the mouse,
and the crocodile, every one according to their kind:
11:30. The shrew, and the chameleon, and the stellio, and
the lizard, and the mole.
11:31. All these are unclean. He that toucheth their
carcasses shall be unclean until the evening.
11:32. And upon what thing soever any of their carcasses
shall fall, it shall be defiled, whether it be a vessel of
wood, or a garment, or skins or haircloths: or any thing in
which work is done. They shall be dipped in water, and
shall be unclean until the evening, and so afterwards shall
11:33. But an earthen vessel, into which any of these shall
fall, shall be defiled: and therefore is to be broken.
11:34. Any meat which you eat, if water from such a vessel
be poured upon it, shall be unclean; and every liquor that
is drunk out of any such vessel, shall be unclean.
11:35. And upon whatsoever thing any of these dead beasts
shall fall, it shall be unclean. Whether it be oven, or
pots with feet, they shall be destroyed, and shall be
11:36. But fountains and cisterns, and all gatherings
together of waters shall be clean. He that toucheth their
carcasses shall be defiled.
11:37. If it fall upon seed corn, it shall not defile it.
11:38. But if any man pour water upon the seed, and
afterwards it be touched by the carcasses, it shall be
11:39. If any beast die, of which it is lawful for you to
eat, he that toucheth the carcass thereof, shall be unclean
until the evening.
11:40. And he that eateth or carrieth any thing thereof,
shall wash his clothes, and shall be unclean until the
11:41. All that creepeth upon the earth shall be
abominable: neither shall it be taken for meat.
11:42. Whatsoever goeth upon the breast on four feet, or
hath many feet, or traileth on the earth, you shall not
eat, because it is abominable.
11:43. Do not defile your souls, nor touch aught thereof,
lest you be unclean,
11:44. For I am the Lord your God. Be holy because I am
holy. Defile not your souls by any creeping thing, that
moveth upon the earth.
11:45. For I am the Lord, who brought you out of the land
of Egypt, that I might be your God.
11:46. You shall be holy, because I am holy. This is the
law of beasts and fowls, and of every living creature that
moveth in the waters, and creepeth on the earth:
11:47. That you may know the differences of the clean, and
unclean, and know what you ought to eat, and what to
Leviticus Chapter 12
The purification of women after childbirth.
12:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
12:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: If a woman having received seed shall bear a man
child, she shall be unclean seven days, according to the
days of separation of her flowers.
12:3. And on the eighth day the infant shall be
12:4. But she shall remain three and thirty days in the
blood of her purification. She shall touch no holy thing:
neither shall she enter into the sanctuary, until the days
of her purification, be fulfilled.
12:5. But if she shall bear a maid child, she shall be
unclean two weeks, according to the custom of her monthly
courses. And she shall remain in the blood of her
purification sixty-six days.
12:6. And when the days of her purification are expired,
for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring to the door
of the tabernacle of the testimony, a lamb of a year old
for a holocaust, and a young pigeon or a turtle for sin:
and shall deliver them to the priest.
12:7. Who shall offer them before the Lord, and shall pray
for her: and so she shall be cleansed from the issue of her
blood. This is the law for her that beareth a man child or
a maid child.
12:8. And if her hand find not sufficiency, and she is not
able to offer a lamb, she shall take two turtles, or two
young pigeons, one for a holocaust, and another for sin:
and the priest shall pray for her, and so she shall be
Leviticus Chapter 13
The law concerning leprosy in men, and in garments.
13:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
13:2. The man in whose skin or flesh shall arise a
different colour or a blister, or as it were something
shining, that is the stroke of the leprosy, shall be
brought to Aaron the priest, or any or of his sons.
13:3. And if he see the leprosy in his skin, and the hair
turned white and the place where the leprosy appears lower
than the skin and the rest of the flesh: it is the stroke
of the leprosy, and upon his judgment he shall be
13:4. But if there be a shining whiteness in the skin, and
not lower than the other flesh, and the hair be of the
former colour, the priest shall shut him up seven days.
13:5. And the seventh day he shall look on him: and if the
leprosy be grown no farther, and hath not spread itself in
the skin, he shall shut him up again other seven days.
13:6. And on the seventh day, he shall look on him. If the
leprosy be somewhat obscure, and not spread in the skin, he
shall declare him clean, because it is but a scab: and the
man shall wash his clothes, and shall be clean.
13:7. But, if the leprosy grow again, after he was seen by
the priest and restored to cleanness, he shall be brought
13:8. And shall be condemned of uncleanness.
13:9. If the stroke of the leprosy be in a man, he shall be
brought to the priest:
13:10. And he shall view him. And when there shall be a
white colour in the skin, and it shall have changed the
look of the hair, and the living flesh itself shall appear:
13:11. It shall be judged an inveterate leprosy, and grown
into the skin. The priest therefore shall declare him
unclean: and shall not shut him up, because he is evidently
13:12. But if the leprosy spring out running about in the
skin, and cover all the skin from the head to the feet,
whatsoever falleth under the sight of the eyes:
13:13. The priest shall view him, and shall judge that the
leprosy which he has is very clean: because it is all
turned into whiteness, and therefore the man shall be
13:14. But when the live flesh shall appear in him:
13:15. Then by the judgment of the priest he shall be
defiled, and shall be reckoned among the unclean. For live
flesh, if it be spotted with leprosy, is unclean.
13:16. And if again it be turned into whiteness, and cover
all the man:
13:17. The priest shall view him, and shall judge him to be
13:18. When also there has been an ulcer in the flesh and
the skin, and it has been healed:
13:19. And in the place of the ulcer, there appeareth a
white scar, or somewhat red, the man shall be brought to
13:20. And when he shall see the place of the leprosy lower
than the other flesh, and the hair turned white: he shall
declare him unclean, for the plague of leprosy is broken
out in the ulcer.
13:21. But if the hair be of the former colour, and the
scar somewhat obscure, and be not lower than the flesh that
is near it: he shall shut him up seven days.
13:22. And if it spread, he shall judge him to have the
13:23. But if it stay in its place, it is but the scar of
an ulcer: and the man shall be clean.
13:24. The flesh also and skin that hath been burnt, and
after it is healed hath a white or a red scar:
13:25. The priest shall view it, and if he see it turned
white, and the place thereof is lower than the other skin:
he shall declare him unclean, because the evil of leprosy
is broken out in the scar.
13:26. But if the colour of the hair be not changed, nor
the blemish lower than the other flesh, and the appearance
of the leprosy be somewhat obscure: he shall shut him up
13:27. And on the seventh day he shall view him. If the
leprosy be grown farther in the skin, he shall declare him
13:28. But if the whiteness stay in its place, and be not
very clear, it is the sore of a burning: and therefore he
shall be cleansed, because it is only the scar of a
13:29. If the leprosy break out in the head or the beard of
a man or woman, the priest shall see them,
13:30. And if the place be lower than the other flesh, and
the hair yellow, and thinner than usual: he shall declare
them unclean, because it is the leprosy of the head and the
13:31. But if he perceive the place of the spot is equal
with the flesh that is near it, and the hair black: he
shall shut him up seven days,
13:32. And on the seventh day he shall look upon it. If the
spot be not grown, and the hair keep its colour, and the
place of the blemish be even with the other flesh:
13:33. The man shall be shaven all but the place of the
spot: and he shall be shut up other seven days.
13:34. If on the seventh day the evil seem to have stayed
in its place, and not lower than the other flesh, he shall
cleanse him: and his clothes being washed he shall be
13:35. But if after his cleansing the spot spread again in
13:36. He shall seek no more whether the hair be turned
yellow, because he is evidently unclean.
13:37. But if the spot be stayed, and the hair be black,
let him know that the man is healed: and let him
confidently pronounce him clean.
13:38. If a whiteness appear in the skin of a man or a
13:39. The priest shall view them. If he find that a
darkish whiteness shineth in the skin, let him know that it
is not the leprosy, but a white blemish, and that the man
13:40. The man whose hair falleth off from his head, he is
bald and clean:
13:41. And if the hair fall from his forehead, he is bald
before and clean.
13:42. But if in the bald head or in the bald forehead
there be risen a white or reddish colour:
13:43. And the priest perceive this, he shall condemn him
undoubtedly of leprosy which is risen in the bald part.
13:44. Now whosoever shall be defiled with the leprosy, and
is separated by the judgment of the priest:
13:45. Shall have his clothes hanging loose, his head bare,
his mouth covered with a cloth: and he shall cry out that
he is defiled and unclean.
13:46. All the time that he is a leper and unclean he shall
dwell alone without the camp.
13:47. A woollen or linen garment that shall have the
13:48. In the warp, and the woof: or skin, or whatsoever is
made of a skin:
13:49. If it be infected with a white or red spot, it shall
be accounted the leprosy, and shall be shewn to the priest.
13:50. And he shall look upon it and shall shut it up seven
13:51. And on the seventh day when he looketh on it again,
if he find that it is grown, it is a fixed leprosy. He
shall judge the garment unclean, and every thing wherein it
shall be found.
13:52. And therefore it shall be burnt with fire.
13:53. But if he see that it is not grown,
13:54. He shall give orders, and they shall wash that part
wherein the leprosy is: and he shall shut it up other seven
13:55. And when he shall see that the former colour is not
returned, nor yet the leprosy spread, he shall judge it
unclean: and shall burn it with fire, for the leprosy has
taken hold of the outside of the garment, or through the
13:56. But if the place of the leprosy be somewhat dark,
after the garment is washed, he shall tear it off, and
divide it from that which is sound.
13:57. And if after this there appear in those places that
before were without spot, a flying and wandering leprosy:
it must be burnt with fire.
13:58. If it cease, he shall wash with water the parts that
are pure, the second time: and they shall be clean.
13:59. This is the law touching the leprosy of any woollen
or linen garment, either in the warp or woof, or any thing
of skins: how it ought to be cleaned, or pronounced
Leviticus Chapter 14
The rites of sacrifices in cleansing the leprosy. Leprosy
14:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
14:2. This is the rite of a leper, when he is to be
cleansed. He shall be brought to the priest:
14:3. Who going out of the camp, when he shall find that
the leprosy is cleansed,
14:4. Shall command him that is to be purified, to offer
for himself two living sparrows, which it is lawful to eat,
and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.
14:5. And he shall command one of the sparrows to be
immolated in an earthen vessel over living waters.
Living waters... That is, waters taken from a spring,
brook, or river.
14:6. But the other that is alive, he shall dip, with the
cedar wood, and the scarlet and the hyssop, in the blood of
the sparrow that is immolated:
14:7. Wherewith he shall sprinkle him that is to be
cleansed seven times, that he may be rightly purified. And
he shall let go the living sparrow, that it may fly into
14:8. And when the man hath washed his clothes, he shall
shave all the hair of his body, and shall be washed with
water: and being purified he shall enter into the camp, yet
so that he tarry without his own tent seven days.
14:9. And on the seventh day he shall shave the hair of his
head, and his beard and his eyebrows, and the hair of all
his body. And having washed again his clothes, and his
14:10. On the eighth day, he shall take two lambs without
blemish, and an ewe of a year old without blemish, and
three tenths of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice,
and a sextary of oil apart.
A sextary... Heb. log: a measure of liquids, which was the
twelfth part of a hin; and held about as much as six eggs.
14:11. And when the priest that purifieth the man, hath
presented him, and all these things before the Lord, at the
door of the tabernacle of the testimony:
14:12. He shall take a lamb, and offer it for a trespass
offering with the sextary of oil. And having offered all
before the Lord,
14:13. He shall immolate the lamb, where the victim for sin
is wont to be immolated, and the holocaust, that is, in the
holy place. For as that which is for sin, so also the
victim for a trespass offering pertaineth to the priest: it
is holy of holies.
14:14. And the priest taking of the blood of the victim
that was immolated for trespass, shall put it upon the tip
of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the
thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right
Taking of the blood, etc... These ceremonies used in the
cleansing of a leper, were mysterious and very
significative. The sprinkling seven times with the blood of
the little bird, the washing himself and his clothes, the
shaving his hair and his beard, signify the means which are
to be used in the reconciliation of a sinner, and the steps
by which he is to return to God, viz., by the repeated
application of the blood of Christ: the washing his
conscience with the waters of compunction: and retrenching
all vanities and superfluities, by employing all that is
over and above what is necessary in alms deeds. The sin
offering, and the holocaust or burnt offering, which he was
to offer at his cleansing, signify the sacrifice of a
contrite and humble heart, and that of adoration in spirit
and truth, with gratitude and thankfulness, for the
forgiveness of sins, with which we are ever to appear
before the Almighty. The touching the right ear, the thumb
of the right hand, and the great toe of the right foot,
first with the blood of the victim, and then with the
remainder of the oil, which had been sprinkled seven times
before the Lord, signify the application of the blood of
Christ, and the unction of the sevenfold grace of the Holy
Ghost; to the sinner's right ear, that he may duly hearken
to and obey the law of God; and to his right hand and foot,
that the works of his hands, and all the steps or
affections of his soul, signified by the feet, may be
rightly directed to God.
14:15. And he shall pour of the sextary of oil into his own
14:16. And shall dip his right finger in it, and sprinkle
it before the Lord seven times.
14:17. And the rest of the oil in his left hand, he shall
pour upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed,
and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of
his right foot, and upon the blood that was shed for
14:18. And upon his head.
14:19. And he shall pray for him before the Lord, and shall
offer the sacrifice for sin. Then shall he immolate the
14:20. And put it on the altar with the libations thereof:
and the man shall be rightly cleansed.
14:21. But if he be poor, and his hand cannot find the
things aforesaid: he shall take a lamb for an offering for
trespass, that the priest may pray for him, and a tenth
part of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice, and a
sextary of oil:
14:22. And two turtles or two young pigeons, of which one
may be for sin, and the other for a holocaust.
14:23. And he shall offer them on the eighth day of his
purification to the priest, at the door of the tabernacle
of the testimony before the Lord.
14:24. And the priest receiving the lamb for trespass, and
the sextary of oil, shall elevate them together.
14:25. And the lamb being immolated, he shall put of the
blood thereof upon the tip of the right ear of him that is
cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and the
great toe of his right foot.
14:26. But he shall pour part of the oil into his own left
14:27. And dipping the finger of his right hand in it, he
shall sprinkle it seven times before the Lord.
14:28. And he shall touch the tip of the right ear of him
that is cleansed, and the thumb of his right hand and the
great toe of his right foot, in the place of the blood that
was shed for trespass.
14:29. And the other part of the oil that is in his left
hand, he shall pour upon the head of the purified person,
that he may appease the Lord for him.
14:30. And he shall offer a turtle, or young pigeon:
14:31. One for trespass, and the other for a holocaust,
with their libations.
14:32. This is the sacrifice of a leper, that is not able
to have all things that appertain to his cleansing.
14:33. And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
14:34. When you shall come into the land of Chanaan, which
I will give you for a possession, if there be the plague or
leprosy in a house:
14:35. He whose house it is, shall go and tell the priest,
saying: It seemeth to me, that there is the plague of
leprosy in my house,
14:36. And he shall command, that they carry forth all
things out of the house, before he go into it, and see
whether it have the leprosy, let all things become unclean
that are in the house. And afterwards he shall go in to
view the leprosy of the house.
14:37. And if he see in the walls thereof as it were little
dints, disfigured with paleness or redness, and lower than
all he rest:
14:38. He shall go out of the door of the house, and
forthwith shut it up seven days,
14:39. And returning on the seventh day, he shall look upon
it. If he find that the leprosy is spread,
14:40. He shall command, that the stones wherein the
leprosy is, be taken out, and cast without the city into an
14:41. And that the house be scraped on the inside round
about, and the dust of the scrapings be scattered without
the city into an unclean place:
14:42. And that other stones be laid in the place of them
that were taken away, and the house be plastered with other
14:43. But if after the stones be taken out, and the dust
scraped off, and it be plastered with other earth.
14:44. The priest going in perceive that the leprosy is
returned, and the walls full of spots, it is a lasting
leprosy, and the house is unclean.
14:45. And they shall destroy it forthwith, and shall cast
the stones and timber thereof, and all the dust without the
town into an unclean place.
14:46. He that entereth into the house when it is shut,
shall be unclean until evening,
14:47. And he that sleepeth in it, and eateth any thing,
shall wash his clothes.
14:48. But if the priest going in perceive that the leprosy
is not spread in the house, after it was plastered again,
he shall purify it, it being cured.
14:49. And for the purification thereof he shall take two
sparrows, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.
14:50. And having immolated one sparrow in an earthen
vessel, over living waters,
14:51. He shall take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and
the scarlet, and the living sparrow, and shall dip all in
the blood of the sparrow that is immolated, and in the
living water: and he shall sprinkle the house seven times.
14:52. And shall purify it as well with the blood of the
sparrow, as with the living water, and with the living
sparrow, and with the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the
14:53. And when he hath let go the sparrow to fly freely
away into the field, he shall pray for the house: and it
shall be rightly cleansed.
14:54. This is the law of every kind of leprosy and stroke.
14:55. Of the leprosy of garments and houses,
14:56. Of a scar and of blisters breaking out of a shining
spot, and when the colours are diversely changed:
14:57. That it may be known when a thing is clean or
Leviticus Chapter 15
Other legal uncleannesses.
15:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
15:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: The
man that hath an issue of seed, shall be unclean.
Issue of seed shall be unclean... These legal uncleannesses
were instituted in order to give the people a horror of
15:3. And then shall he be judged subject to this evil,
when a filthy humour, at every moment, cleaveth to his
flesh, and gathereth there.
15:4. Every bed on which he sleepeth, shall be unclean, and
every place on which he sitteth.
15:5. If any man touch his bed, he shall wash his clothes
and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the
15:6. If a man sit where that man hath sitten, he also
shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall
be unclean until the evening.
15:7. He that toucheth his flesh, shall wash his clothes:
and being himself washed with water shall be unclean until
15:8. If such a man cast his spittle upon him that is
clean, he shall wash his clothes: and being washed with
water, he shall be unclean until the evening.
15:9. The saddle on which he hath sitten shall be unclean.
15:10. And whatsoever has been under him that hath the
issue of seed, shall be unclean until the evening. He that
carrieth any of these things, shall wash his clothes: and
being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the
15:11. Every person whom such a one shall touch, not having
washed his hands before, shall wash his clothes: and being
washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening.
15:12. If he touch a vessel of earth, it shall be broken:
but if a vessel of wood, it shall be washed with water.
15:13. If he who suffereth this disease be healed, he shall
number seven days after his cleansing: and having washed
his clothes, and all his body in living water, he shall be
15:14. And on the eighth day he shall take two turtles, or
two young pigeons, and he shall come before the Lord, to
the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and shall give
them to the priest.
15:15. Who shall offer one for sin, and the other for a
holocaust: and he shall pray for him before the Lord, that
he may be cleansed of the issue of his seed.
15:16. The man from whom the seed of copulation goeth out,
shall wash all his body with water: and he shall be unclean
until the evening.
15:17. The garment or skin that he weareth, he shall wash
with water: and it shall be unclean until the evening.
15:18. The woman, with whom he copulateth, shall be washed
with water: and shall be unclean until the evening.
15:19. The woman, who at the return of the month, hath her
issue of blood, shall be separated seven days.
15:20. Every one that toucheth her, shall be unclean until
15:21. And every thing that she sleepeth on, or that she
sitteth on in the days of her separation, shall be defiled.
15:22. He that toucheth her bed shall wash his clothes: and
being himself washed with water, shall be unclean until the
15:23. Whosoever shall touch any vessel on which she
sitteth, shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed
with water, shall be defiled until the evening.
15:24. If a man copulateth with her in the time of her
flowers, he shall be unclean seven days: and every bed on
which he shall sleep, shall be defiled.
15:25. The woman that hath still issue of blood many days
out of her ordinary time, or that ceaseth not to flow after
the monthly courses, as long as she is subject to this
disease, shall be unclean, in the same manner as if she
were in her flowers.
15:26. Every bed on which she sleepeth, and every vessel on
which she sitteth, shall be defiled.
15:27. Whosoever toucheth them shall wash his clothes: and
himself being washed with water, shall be unclean until the
15:28. If the blood stop and cease to run, she shall count
seven days of her purification:
15:29. And on the eighth day she shall offer for herself to
the priest, two turtles, or two young pigeons, at the door
of the tabernacle of the testimony:
15:30. And he shall offer one for sin, and the other for a
holocaust, and he shall pray for her before the Lord, and
for the issue of her uncleanness.
15:31. You shall teach therefore the children of Israel to
take heed of uncleanness, that they may not die in their
filth, when they shall have defiled my tabernacle that is
15:32. This is the law of him that hath the issue of seed,
and that is defiled by copulation.
15:33. And of the woman that is separated in her monthly
times, or that hath a continual issue of blood, and of the
man that sleepeth with her.
Leviticus Chapter 16
When and how the high priest must enter into the sanctuary.
The feast of expiation.
16:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, after the death of the
two sons of Aaron when they were slain upon their offering
16:2. And he commanded him, saying: Speak to Aaron thy
brother, that he enter not at all into the sanctuary, which
is within the veil before the propitiatory, with which the
ark is covered, lest he die, (for I will appear in a cloud
over the oracle),
Enter not... No one but the high priest, and he but once a
year, could enter into the sanctuary; to signify that no
one could enter into the sanctuary of heaven, till Christ
our high priest opened it by his passion. Heb. 10.8.
16:3. Unless he first do these things. He shall offer a
calf for sin, and a ram for a holocaust.
16:4. He shall be vested with a linen tunick: he shall
cover his nakedness with linen breeches: he shall be girded
with a linen girdle, and he shall put a linen mitre upon
his head. For these are holy vestments: all which he shall
put on, after he is washed.
16:5. And he shall receive from the whole multitude of the
children of Israel two buck goats for sin, and one ram for
16:6. And when he hath offered the cattle and prayed for
himself and for his own house:
16:7. He shall make the two buck goats to stand before the
Lord in the door of the tabernacle of the testimony.
16:8. And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to
the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat:
16:9. That whose lot fell to be offered to the Lord, he
shall offer for sin.
16:10. But that whose lot was to be the emissary goat, he
shall present before the Lord, that he may pour prayers
upon him, and let him go into the wilderness.
16:11. After these things are duly celebrated, he shall
offer the calf: and praying for himself and for his own
house, he shall immolate it.
16:12. And taking the censer, which he hath filled with the
burning coals of the altar, and taking up with his hands
the compounded perfume for incense, he shall go in within
the veil into the holy place:
16:13. That when the perfumes are put upon the fire, the
cloud and vapour thereof may cover the oracle, which is
over the testimony, and he may not die.
16:14. He shall take also of the blood of the calf, and
sprinkle with his finger seven times towards the
propitiatory to the east.
16:15. And when he hath killed the buck goat for the sin of
the people, he shall carry in the blood thereof within the
veil, as he was commanded to do with the blood of the calf,
that he may sprinkle it over against the oracle:
16:16. And may expiate the sanctuary from the uncleanness
of the children of Israel, and from their transgressions,
and all their sins. According to this rite shall he do to
the tabernacle of the testimony, which is fixed among them
in the midst of the filth of their habitation.
16:17. Let no man be in the tabernacle when the high priest
goeth into the sanctuary, to pray for himself and his
house, and for the whole congregation of Israel, until he
16:18. And when he is come out to the altar that is before
the Lord, let him pray for himself: and taking the blood of
the calf, and of the buck goat, let him pour it upon the
horns thereof round about.
16:19. And sprinkling with his finger seven times, let him
expiate, and sanctify it from the uncleanness of the
children of Israel.
16:20. After he hath cleaned the sanctuary, and the
tabernacle, and the altar, then let him offer the living
16:21. And putting both hands upon his head, let him
confess all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and
all their offences and sins. And praying that they may
light on its head, he shall turn him out by a man ready for
it, into the desert.
16:22. And when the goat hath carried all their iniquities
into an uninhabited land, and shall be let go into the
16:23. Aaron shall return into the tabernacle of the
testimony, and putting off the vestments, which he had on
him before when he entered into the sanctuary, and leaving
16:24. He shall wash his flesh in the holy place, and shall
put on his own garments. And after that he is come out and
hath offered his own holocaust, and that of the people, he
shall pray both for himself, and for the people.
16:25. And the fat that is offered for sins, he shall burn
on the altar.
16:26. But he that hath let go the emissary goat, shall
wash his clothes, and his body with water, and so shall
enter into the camp.
16:27. But the calf and the buck goat, that were sacrificed
for sin, and whose blood was carried into the sanctuary, to
accomplish the atonement, they shall carry forth without
the camp, and shall burn with fire: their skins and their
flesh, and their dung.
16:28. And whosoever burneth them shall wash his clothes,
and flesh with water: and so shall enter into the camp.
16:29. And this shall be to you an everlasting ordinance.
The seventh month, the tenth day of the month, you shall
afflict your souls, and shall do no work, whether it be one
of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among
16:30. Upon this day shall be the expiation for you, and
the cleansing from all your sins. You shall be cleansed
before the Lord.
16:31. For it is a sabbath of rest: and you shall afflict
your souls by a perpetual religion.
16:32. And the priest that is anointed, and whose hands are
consecrated to do the office of the priesthood in his
father's stead, shall make atonement. And he shall be
vested with the linen robe and the holy vestments.
16:33. And he shall expiate the sanctuary and the
tabernacle of the testimony and the altar: the priest also
and all the people.
16:34. And this shall be an ordinance for ever, that you
pray for the children of Israel, and for all their sins
once a year. He did therefore as the Lord had commanded
Leviticus Chapter 17
No sacrifices to be offered but at the door of the
tabernacle: a prohibition of blood.
17:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
17:2. Speak to Aaron and his sons, and to all the children
of Israel, saying to them: This is the word, which the Lord
hath commanded, saying:
17:3. Any man whosoever of the house of Israel, if he kill
an ox, or a sheep, or a goat in the camp, or without the
If he kill, etc... That is, in order to sacrifice. The law
of God forbids sacrifices to be offered in any other place
but at the tabernacle or temple of the Lord; to signify
that no sacrifice would be acceptable to God, out of his
true temple, the one holy, catholic, apostolic church.
17:4. And offer it not at the door of the tabernacle an
oblation to the Lord, shall be guilty of blood. As if he
had shed blood, so shall he perish from the midst of his
17:5. Therefore the children of Israel shall bring to the
priest their victims, which they kill in the field, that
they may be sanctified to the Lord before the door of the
tabernacle of the testimony: and they may sacrifice them
for peace offerings to the Lord.
17:6. And the priest shall pour the blood upon the altar of
the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony:
and shall burn the fat for a sweet odour to the Lord.
17:7. And they shall no more sacrifice their victims to
devils, with whom they have committed fornication. It shall
be an ordinance for ever to them and to their posterity.
17:8. And thou shalt say to them: The man of the house of
Israel, and of the strangers who sojourn among you, that
offereth a holocaust or a victim,
17:9. And bringeth it not to the door of the tabernacle of
the testimony, that it may be offered to the Lord, shall
perish from among his people.
17:10. If any man whosoever of the house of Israel, and of
the strangers that sojourn among them, eat blood, I will
set my face against his soul, and will cut him off from
among his people.
Eat blood... To eat blood was forbidden in the law; partly,
because God reserved it to himself, to be offered in
sacrifices on the altar, as to the Lord of life and death;
and as a figure of the blood of Christ; and partly, to give
men a horror of shedding blood. Gen. 9.4, 5, 6.
17:11. Because the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I
have given it to you, that you may make atonement with it
upon the altar for your souls, and the blood may be for an
expiation of the soul.
17:12. Therefore I have said to the children of Israel: No
soul of you, nor of the strangers that sojourn among you,
shall eat blood.
17:13. Any man whosoever of the children of Israel, and of
the strangers that sojourn among you, if by hunting or
fowling, he take a wild beast or a bird, which is lawful to
eat, let him pour out its blood, and cover it with earth.
17:14. For the life of all flesh is in the blood. Therefore
I said to the children of Israel: you shall not eat the
blood of any flesh at all, because the life of the flesh is
in the blood, and whosoever eateth it, shall be cut off.
17:15. The soul that eateth that which died of itself, or
has been caught by a beast, whether he be one of your own
country or a stranger, shall wash his clothes and himself
with water, and shall be defiled until the evening: and in
this manner he shall be made clean.
17:16. But if he do not wash his clothes, and his body, he
shall bear his iniquity.
Leviticus Chapter 18
Marriage is prohibited in certain degrees of kindred: Anda
all unnatural lusts.
18:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
18:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: I am the Lord your God.
18:3. You shall not do according to the custom of the land
of Egypt, in which you dwelt: neither shall you act
according to the manner of the country of Chanaan, into
which I will bring you. Nor shall you walk in their
18:4. You shall do my judgments, and shall observe my
precepts, and shall walk in them. I am the Lord your God.
18:5. Keep my laws and my judgments: which if a man do, he
shall live in them, I am the Lord.
18:6. No man shall approach to her that is near of kin to
him, to uncover her nakedness. I am the Lord.
18:7. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father,
or the nakedness of thy mother: she is thy mother, thou
shalt not uncover her nakedness.
18:8. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's
wife: for it is the nakedness of thy father.
18:9. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy sister by
father or by mother: whether born at home or abroad.
18:10. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy son's
daughter, or thy daughter's daughter: because it is thy own
18:11. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's
wife's daughter, whom she bore to thy father: and who is
18:12. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's
sister: because she is the flesh of thy father.
18:13. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother's
sister: because she is thy mother's flesh.
18:14. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's
brother: neither shalt thou approach to his wife, who is
joined to thee by affinity.
18:15. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy
daughter in law: because she is thy son's wife, neither
shalt thou discover her shame.
18:16. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy
brother's wife: because it is the nakedness of thy brother.
18:17. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy wife and
her daughter. Thou shalt not take her son's daughter or her
daughter's daughter, to discover her shame: because they
are her flesh, and such copulation is incest.
18:18. Thou shalt not take thy wife's sister for a harlot,
to rival her: neither shalt thou discover her nakedness,
while she is yet living.
18:19. Thou shalt not approach to a woman having her
flowers: neither shalt thou uncover her nakedness.
18:20. Thou shalt not lie with thy neighbour's wife: nor be
defiled with mingling of seed.
18:21. Thou shalt not give any of thy seed to be
consecrated to the idol Moloch, nor defile the name of thy
God. I am the Lord.
18:22. Thou shalt not lie with mankind as with womankind:
because it is an abomination.
18:23. Thou shalt not copulate with any beast: neither
shalt thou be defiled with it. A woman shall not lie down
to a beast, nor copulate with it: because it is a heinous
Because it is a heinous crime... In Hebrew, this word
heinous crime is expressed by the word confusion,
signifying the shamefulness and baseness of this abominable
18:24. Defile not yourselves with any of these things with
which all the nations have been defiled, which I will cast
out before you,
18:25. And with which the land is defiled: the abominations
of which I will visit, that it may vomit out its
18:26. Keep ye my ordinances and my judgments: and do not
any of these abominations. Neither any of your own nation,
nor any stranger that sojourneth among you.
18:27. For all these detestable things the inhabitants of
the land have done, that were before you, and have defiled
18:28. Beware then, lest in like manner, it vomit you also
out, if you do the like things: as it vomited out the
nation that was before you.
18:29. Every soul that shall commit any of these
abominations, shall perish from the midst of his people.
18:30. Keep my commandments. Do not the things which they
have done, that have been before you: and be not defiled
therein. I am the Lord your God.
Leviticus Chapter 19
Divers ordinances, partly moral, partly ceremonial or
19:1. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
19:2. Speak to all the congregation of the children of
Israel. And thou shalt say to them: Be ye holy, because I
the Lord your God am holy.
19:3. Let every one fear his father, and his mother. Keep
my sabbaths. I am the Lord your God.
19:4. Turn ye not to idols: nor make to yourselves molten
gods. I am the Lord your God.
19:5. If ye offer in sacrifice a peace offering to the
Lord, that he may be favourable:
19:6. You shall eat it on the same day it was offered, and
the next day. And whatsoever shall be left until the third
day, you shall burn with fire.
19:7. If after two days any man eat thereof, he shall be
profane and guilty of impiety:
19:8. And shall bear his iniquity, because he hath defiled
the holy thing of the Lord. And that soul shall perish from
among his people.
19:9. When thou reapest the corn of thy land, thou shalt
not cut down all that is on the face of the earth to the
very ground: nor shalt thou gather the ears that remain.
19:10. Neither shalt thou gather the bunches and grapes
that fall down in thy vineyard: but shalt leave them to the
poor and the strangers to take. I am the Lord your God.
19:11. You shall not steal. You shall not lie: neither
shall any man deceive his neighbour.
19:12. Thou shalt not swear falsely by my name, nor profane
the name of thy God. I am the Lord.
19:13. Thou shalt not calumniate thy neighbour, nor oppress
him by violence. The wages of him that hath been hired by
thee shall not abide with thee until the morning.
19:14. Thou shalt not speak evil of the deaf, nor put a
stumbling block before the blind: but thou shalt fear the
Lord thy God, because I am the Lord.
19:15. Thou shalt not do that which is unjust, nor judge
unjustly. Respect not the person of the poor: nor honour
the countenance of the mighty. But judge thy neighbour
according to justice.
19:16. Thou shalt not be a detractor nor a whisperer among
the people. Thou shalt not stand against the blood of thy
neighbour. I am the Lord.
19:17. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thy heart: But
reprove him openly, lest thou incur sin through him.
19:18. Seek not revenge, nor be mindful of the injury of
thy citizens. Thou shalt love thy friend as thyself. I am
19:19. Keep ye my laws. Thou shalt not make thy cattle to
gender with beasts of any other kind. Thou shalt not sow
thy field with different seeds. Thou shalt not wear a
garment that is woven of two sorts.
Different seeds, etc... This law tends to recommend
simplicity and plain dealing in all things, and to teach
the people not to join any false worship or heresy with the
worship of the true God.
19:20. If a man carnally lie with a woman that is a
bondservant and marriageable, and yet not redeemed with a
price, nor made free: they both shall be scourged: and they
shall not be put to death, because she was not a free
19:21. And for his trespass he shall offer a ram to the
Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony.
19:22. And the priest shall pray for him: and for his sin
before the Lord: and he shall have mercy on him, and the
sin shall be forgiven.
19:23. When you shall be come into the land, and shall have
planted in it fruit trees, you shall take away the
firstfruits of them. The fruit that comes forth shall be
unclean to you: neither shall you eat of them.
Firstfruits... Proeputia, literally, their foreskins; it
alludes to circumcision, and signifies that for the first
three years the trees were to be as uncircumcised, and
their fruit unclean: till in the fourth year their increase
was sanctified and given to the Lord, that is, to the
19:24. But in the fourth year, all their fruit shall be
sanctified, to the praise of the Lord.
19:25. And in the fifth year you shall eat the fruits
thereof, gathering the increase thereof. I am the Lord your
19:26. You shall not eat with blood. You shall not divine
nor observe dreams.
19:27. Nor shall you cut your hair roundwise: nor shave
19:28. You shall not make any cuttings in your flesh, for
the dead: neither shall you make in yourselves any figures
or marks. I am the Lord.
19:29. Make not thy daughter a common strumpet, lest the
land be defiled, and filled with wickedness.
19:30. Keep ye my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary. I
am the Lord.
19:31. Go not aside after wizards: neither ask any thing of
soothsayers, to be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God.
19:32. Rise up before the hoary head, and honour the person
of the aged man: and fear the Lord thy God. I am the Lord.
19:33. If a stranger dwell in your land, and abide among
you, do not upbraid hin:
19:34. But let him be among you as one of the same country.
And you shall love him as yourselves: for you were
strangers in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.
19:35. Do not any unjust thing in judgment, in rule, in
weight, or in measure.
19:36. Let the balance be just and the weights equal, the
bushel just, and the sextary equal. I am the Lord your God,
that brought you out of the land of Egypt.
19:37. Keep all my precepts, and all my judgments: and do
them. I am the Lord.
Leviticus Chapter 20
Divers crimes to be punished with death.
20:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
20:2. Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: If any
man of the children Israel, or of the strangers that dwell
in Israel, give of his seed to the idol Moloch, dying let
him die. The people of the land shall stone him.
20:3. And I will set my face against him: and I will cut
him off from the midst of his people, because he hath given
of his seed to Moloch, and hath defiled my sanctuary, and
profaned my holy name.
20:4. And if the people of the land neglecting, and as it
were little regarding my commandment, let alone the man
that hath given of his seed to Moloch, and will not kill
20:5. I will set my face against that man, and his kindred,
and will cut off both him and all that consented with him,
to commit fornication with Moloch, out of the midst of
20:6. The soul that shall go aside after magicians, and
soothsayers, and shall commit fornication with them: I will
set my face against that soul, and destroy it out of the
midst of its people.
20:7. Sanctify yourselves, and be ye holy: because I am the
Lord your God.
20:8. Keep my precepts, and do them. I am the Lord that
20:9. He that curseth his father, or mother, dying let him
die. He hath cursed his father, and mother: let his blood
be upon him.
20:10. If any man commit adultery with the wife of another,
and defile his neighbour's wife: let them be put to death,
both the adulterer and the adulteress.
20:11. If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the
nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death:
their blood be upon them.
20:12. If any man lie with his daughter in law: let both
die, because they have done a heinous crime. Their blood be
20:13. If any one lie with a man as with a woman, both have
committed an abomination: let them be put to death. Their
blood be upon them.
20:14. If any man after marrying the daughter, marry her
mother, he hath done a heinous crime. He shall be burnt
alive with them: neither shall so great an abomination
remain in the midst of you.
20:15. He that shall copulate with any beast or cattle,
dying let him die: the beast also ye shall kill.
The beast also ye shall kill... The killing of the beast
was for the greater horror of the crime, and to prevent the
remembrance of such abaomination.
20:16. The woman that shall lie under any beast, shall be
killed together with the same. Their blood be upon them.
20:17. If any man take his sister, the daughter of his
father, or the daughter of his mother, and see her
nakedness, and she behold her brother's shame: they have
committed a crime. They shall be slain, in the sight of
their people, because they have discovered one another's
nakedness. And they shall bear their iniquity.
20:18. If any man lie with a woman in her flowers, and
uncover her nakedness, and she open the fountain of her
blood: both shall be destroyed out of the midst of their
20:19. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy aunt by
thy mother, and of thy aunt by thy father. He that doth
this, hath uncovered the shame of his own flesh: both shall
bear their iniquity.
20:20. If any man lie with the wife of his uncle by the
father, or of his uncle by the mother, and uncover the
shame of his near akin, both shall bear their sin. They
shall die without children.
20:21. He that marrieth his brother's wife, doth an
unlawful thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness.
They shall be without children.
20:22. Keep my laws and my judgments, and do them: lest the
land into which you are to enter to dwell therein, vomit
you also out.
20:23. Walk not after the laws of the nations, which I will
cast out before you. For they have done all these things:
and therefore I abhorred them.
20:24. But to you I say: Possess their land which I will
give you for an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and
honey. I am the Lord your God, who have separated you from
20:25. Therefore do you also separate the clean beast from
the unclean, and the clean fowl from the unclean. Defile
not your souls with beasts, or birds, or any things that
move on the earth, and which I have shewn you to be
20:26. You shall be holy unto me, because I the Lord am
holy: and I have separated you from other people, that you
should be mine.
20:27. A man, or woman, in whom there is a pythonical or
divining spirit, dying let them die. They shall stone them.
Their blood be upon them.
Leviticus Chapter 21
Ordinances relating to the priests.
21:1. The Lord said also to Moses: Speak to the priests the
sons of Aaron, and thou shalt say for them: Let not a
priest incur an uncleanness at the death of his citizens.
An uncleanness... Viz., such as was contracted in laying
out the dead body, or touching it; or in going into the
house, or assisting at the funeral, etc.
21:2. But only for his kin, such as are near in blood: that
is to say, for his father and for his mother, and for his
son, and for his daughter, for his brother also:
21:3. And for a maiden sister, who hath had no husband.
21:4. But not even for the prince of his people shall he do
any thing that may make him unclean.
21:5. Neither shall they shave their head, nor their beard,
nor make incisions in their flesh.
21:6. They shall be holy to their God, and shall not
profane his name. For they offer the burnt offering of the
Lord, and the bread of their God: and therefore they shall
21:7. They shall not take to wife a harlot or a vile
prostitute, nor one that has been put away from her
husband: because they are consecrated to their God,
21:8. And offer the loaves of proposition. Let them
therefore be holy because I also am holy: the Lord, who
21:9. If the daughter of a priest be taken in whoredom and
dishonour the name of her father, she shall be burnt with
21:10. The high priest, that is to say, the priest who is
the greatest among his brethren, upon whose head the oil of
unction hath been poured; and whose hands have been
consecrated for the priesthood; and who hath been vested
with the holy vestments. He shall not uncover his head: he
shall not rend his garments.
21:11. Nor shall he go in at all to any dead person: not
even for his father, or his mother, shall he be defiled.
21:12. Neither shall he go out of the holy places, lest he
defile the sanctuary of the Lord: because the oil of the
holy unction of his God is upon him. I am the Lord.
21:13. He shall take a virgin unto his wife.
21:14. But a widow or one that is divorced, or defied, or a
harlot, he shall not take: but a maid of his own people.
21:15. He shall not mingle the stock of his kindred with
the common people of this nation: for I am the Lord who
21:16. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
21:17. Say to Aaron: Whosoever of thy seed throughout their
families, hath a blemish, he shall not offer bread to his
21:18. Neither shall he approach to minister to him: If he
be blind; if he be lame; if he have a little, or a great,
or a crooked nose;
21:19. If his foot, or if his hand be broken;
21:20. If he be crookbacked; or blear eyed; or have a pearl
in his eye, or a continual scab, or a dry scurf in his
body, or a rupture.
21:21. Whosoever of the seed of Aaron the priest hath a
blemish: he shall not approach to offer sacrifices to the
Lord, nor bread to his God.
21:22. He shall eat nevertheless of the loaves that are
offered in the sanctuary.
21:23. Yet so that he enter not within the veil, nor
approach to the altar: because he hath a blemish, and he
must not defile my sanctuary. I am the Lord who sanctify
21:24. Moses, therefore spoke to Aaron, and to his sons and
to all Israel, all the things that had been commanded him.
Leviticus Chapter 22
Who may eat the holy things: and what things may be
22:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses saying:
22:2. Speak to Aaron and to his sons, that they beware of
those things that are consecrated of the children of
Israel: and defile not the name of the things sanctified to
me, which they offer. I am the Lord.
22:3. Say to them and to their posterity: Every man of your
race, that approacheth to those things that are
consecrated, and which the children of Israel have offered
to the Lord, in whom there is uncleanness, shall perish
before the Lord. I am the Lord.
Approacheth, etc... This is to give us to understand, with
what purity of soul we are to approach to the blessed
sacrament of which these meats that had been offered in
sacrifice were a figure.
22:4. The man of the seed of Aaron, that is a leper, or
that suffereth a running of the seed, shall not eat of
those things that are sanctified to me, until he be healed.
He that toucheth any thing unclean by occasion of the dead:
and he whose seed goeth from him as in generation:
22:5. And he that toucheth a creeping thing, or any unclean
thing, the touching of which is defiling:
22:6. Shall be unclean until the evening, and shall not eat
those things that are sanctified. But when he hath washed
his flesh with water,
22:7. And the sun is down, then being purified, he shall
eat of the sanctified things, because it is his meat.
22:8. That which dieth of itself, and that which was taken
by a beast, they shall not eat, nor be defiled therewith. I
am the Lord.
22:9. Let them keep my precepts, that they may not fall
into sin, and die in the sanctuary, when they shall have
defiled it. I am the Lord who sanctify them.
22:10. No stranger shall eat of the sanctified things: a
sojourner of the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat
22:11. But he whom the priest hath bought, and he that is
his servant, born in his house, these shall eat of them.
22:12. If the daughter of a priest be married to any of the
people, she shall not eat of those things that are
sanctified nor of the firstfruits.
22:13. But if she be a widow, or divorced, and having no
children return to her father's house, she shall eat of her
father's meats, as she was wont to do when she was a maid.
No stranger hath leave to eat of them.
22:14. He that eateth of the sanctified things through
ignorance, shall add the fifth part with that which he ate,
and shall give it to the priest into the sanctuary.
22:15. And they shall not profane the sanctified things of
the children of Israel, which they offer to the Lord:
22:16. Lest perhaps they bear the iniquity of their
trespass, when they shall have eaten the sanctified things.
I am the Lord who sanctify them.
22:17. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
22:18. Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, and to all the
children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man of
the house of Israel, and of the strangers who dwell with
you, that offereth his oblation, either paying his vows, or
offering of his own accord, whatsoever it be which he
presenteth for a holocaust of the Lord,
22:19. To be offered by you: it shall be a male without
blemish of the beeves, or of the sheep, or of the goats.
22:20. If it have a blemish you shall not offer it: neither
shall it be acceptable.
22:21. The man that offereth a victim of peace offerings to
the Lord, either paying his vows, or offering of his own
accord, whether of beeves or of sheep, shall offer it
without blemish, that it may be acceptable. There shall be
no blemish in it.
22:22. If it be blind, or broken, or have a scar or
blisters, or a scab, or a dry scurf: you shall not offer
them to the Lord, nor burn any thing of them upon the
22:23. An ox or a sheep, that hath the ear and the tail cut
off, thou mayst offer voluntarily: but a vow may not be
paid with them.
22:24. you shall not offer to the Lord any beast that hath
the testicles bruised, or crushed, or cut and taken away:
neither shall you do any such things in your land.
22:25. you shall not offer bread to your God, from the hand
of a stranger, nor any other thing that he would give:
because they are all corrupted, and defiled. You shall not
22:26. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
22:27. When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought
forth, they shall be seven days under the udder of their
dam: but the eighth day, and thenceforth, they may be
offered to the Lord.
22:28. Whether it be a cow, or a sheep, they shall not be
sacrificed the same day with their young ones.
22:29. If you immolate a victim for thanksgiving to the
Lord, that he may be favourable,
22:30. You shall eat it the same day. There shall not any
of it remain until the morning of the next day. I am the
22:31. Keep my commandments, and do them. I am the Lord.
22:32. Profane not my holy name, that I may be sanctified
in the midst of the children of Israel. I am the Lord who
22:33. And who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I
might be your God. I am the Lord.
Leviticus Chapter 23
Holy days to be kept.
23:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
23:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: These are the feasts of the Lord, which you shall
23:3. Six days shall ye do work: the seventh day, because
it is the rest of the sabbath, shall be called holy. You
shall do no work on that day: it is the sabbath of the Lord
in all your habitations.
23:4. These also are the holy days of the Lord, which you
must celebrate in their seasons.
23:5. The first month, the fourteenth day of the month at
evening, is the phase of the Lord.
23:6. And the fifteenth day of the same month is the
solemnity of the unleavened bread of the Lord. Seven days
shall you eat unleavened bread.
23:7. The first day shall be most solemn unto you, and
holy: you shall do no servile work therein.
23:8. But you shall offer sacrifice in fire to the Lord
seven days. And the seventh day shall be more solemn, and
more holy: and you shall do no servile work therein.
23:9. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
23:10. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: When you shall have entered into the land which I
will give you, and shall reap your corn, you shall bring
sheaves of ears, the firstfruits of your harvest to the
23:11. Who shall lift up the sheaf before the Lord, the
next day after the sabbath, that it may be acceptable for
you, and shall sanctify it.
23:12. And on the same day that the sheaf is consecrated, a
lamb without blemish of the first year shall be killed for
a holocaust of the Lord.
23:13. And the libations shall be offered with it: two
tenths of flour tempered with oil, for a burnt offering of
the Lord, and a most sweet odour. Libations also of wine,
the fourth part of a hin.
23:14. You shall not eat either bread, or parched corn, or
frumenty or the harvest, until the day that you shall offer
thereof to your God. It is a precept for ever throughout
your generations, and all your dwellings.
23:15. You shall count therefore from the morrow after the
sabbath, wherein you offered the sheaf of firstfruits,
seven full weeks.
23:16. Even unto the morrow after the seventh week be
expired, that is to say, fifty days: and so you shall offer
a new sacrifice to the Lord.
23:17. Out of all your dwellings, two loaves of the
firstfruits, of two tenths of flour leavened, which you
shall bake for the firstfruits of the Lord.
23:18. And you shall offer with the loaves seven lambs
without blemish of the first year, and one calf from the
herd, and they shall be for a holocaust with their two
rams: and they shall be for a holocaust with their
libations for a most sweet odour to the Lord.
23:19. You shall offer also a buck goat for sin, and two
lambs of the first year for sacrifices of peace offerings.
23:20. And when the priest hath lifted them up with the
loaves of the firstfruits before the Lord, they shall fall
to his use.
23:21. And you shall call this day most solemn, and most
holy. You shall do no servile work therein. It shall be an
everlasting ordinance in all your dwellings and
23:22. And when you reap the corn of your land, you shall
not cut it to the very ground: neither shall you gather the
ears that remain. But you shall leave them for the poor and
for the strangers. I am the Lord your God.
23:23. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
23:24. Say to the children of Israel: The seventh month, on
the first day of the month, you shall keep a sabbath, a
memorial, with the sound of trumpets, and it shall be
23:25. You shall do no servile work therein, and you shall
offer a holocaust to the Lord.
23:26. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
23:27. Upon the tenth day of this seventh month shall be
the day of atonement. It shall be most solemn, and shall be
called holy: and you shall await your souls on that day,
and shall offer a holocaust to the Lord.
23:28. You shall do no servile work in the time of this
day: because it is a day of propitiation, that the Lord
your God may be merciful unto you.
23:29. Every soul that is not afflicted on this day, shall
perish from among his people.
23:30. And every soul that shall do any work, the same will
I destroy from among his people.
23:31. You shall do no work therefore on that day: it shall
be an everlasting ordinance unto you in all your
generations, and dwellings.
23:32. It is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your
souls beginning on the ninth day of the month. From evening
until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths.
23:33. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
23:34. Say to the children of Israel: From the fifteenth
day of this same seventh month, shall be kept the feast of
tabernacles, seven days to the Lord.
23:35. The first day shall be called most solemn and most
holy: you shall do no servile work therein. And seven days
you shall offer holocausts to the Lord.
23:36. The eighth day also shall be most solemn and most
holy: and you shall offer holocausts to the Lord. For it is
the day of assembly and congregation. You shall do no
servile work therein.
23:37. These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall
call most solemn and most holy, and shall offer on them
oblations to the Lord: holocausts and libations according
to the rite of every day.
23:38. Besides the sabbaths of the Lord, and your gifts,
and those things that you offer by vow, or which you shall
give to the Lord voluntarily.
23:39. So from the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when
you shall have gathered in all the fruits of your land, you
shall celebrate the feast of the Lord seven days. On the
first day and the eighth shall be a sabbath: that is a day
23:40. And you shall take to you on the first day the
fruits of the fairest tree, and branches of palm trees, and
boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook: And you
shall rejoice before the Lord your God.
23:41. And you shall keep the solemnity thereof seven days
in the year. It shall be an everlasting ordinance in your
generations. In the seventh month shall you celebrate this
23:42. And you shall dwell in bowers seven days. Every one
that is of the race of Israel, shall dwell in tabernacles:
23:43. That your posterity may know, that I made the
children of Israel to dwell in tabernacles, when I brought
them out of the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.
23:44. And Moses spoke concerning the feasts of the Lord to
the children of Israel.
Leviticus Chapter 24
The oil for the lamps. The loaves of proposition. The
punishment of blasphemy.
24:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
24:2. Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto
thee the finest and clearest oil of olives, to furnish the
24:3. Without the veil of the testimony in the tabernacle
of the covenant. And Aaron shall set them from evening
until morning before the Lord, by a perpetual service and
rite in your generations.
24:4. They shall be set upon the most pure candlestick
before the Lord continually.
24:5. Thou shalt take also fine flour, and shalt bake
twelve loaves thereof, two tenths shall be in every loaf.
24:6. And thou shalt set them six and six, one against
another, upon the most clean table before the Lord.
24:7. And thou shalt put upon them the clearest
frankincense, that the bread may be for a memorial of the
oblation of the Lord.
24:8. Every sabbath they shall be changed before the Lord:
being received of the children of Israel by an everlasting
24:9. And they shall be Aaron's and his sons', that they
may eat them in the holy place: because it is most holy of
the sacrifices of the Lord by a perpetual right.
24:10. And behold there went out the son of a woman of
Israel, whom she had of an Egyptian, among the children of
Israel: and fell at words in the camp with a man of Israel.
24:11. And when he had blasphemed the name, and had cursed
it, he was brought to Moses. (Now his mother was called
Salumith, the daughter of Dabri, of the tribe of Dan.)
24:12. And they put him into prison, till they might know
what the Lord would command.
24:13. And the Lord spoke to Moses,
24:14. Saying: Bring forth the blasphemer without the camp:
and let them that heard him, put their hands upon his head:
and let all the people stone him.
24:15. And thou shalt speak to the children of Israel: The
man that curseth his God, shall bear his sin:
24:16. And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying
let him die. All the multitude shall stone him, whether he
be a native or a stranger. He that blasphemeth the name of
the Lord, dying let him die.
24:17. He that striketh and killeth a man: dying let him
24:18. He that killeth a beast, shall make it good that is
to say, shall give beast for beast.
24:19. He that giveth a blemish to any of his neighbours:
as he hath done, so shall it be done to him:
24:20. Breach for breach, eye for ere, tooth for tooth,
shall he restore. What blemish he gave, the like shall he
be compelled to suffer.
24:21. He that striketh a beast, shall render another. He
that striketh a man shall be punished.
24:22. Let there be equal judgment among you, whether he be
a stranger, or a native that offends: because I am the Lord
24:23. And Moses spoke to the children of Israel. And they
brought forth him that had blasphemed, without the camp:
and they stoned him. And the children of Israel did as the
Lord had commanded Moses.
Leviticus Chapter 25
The law of the seventh and of the fiftieth year of jubilee.
25:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses in mount Sinai, saying:
25:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: When you shall have entered into the land which I
will give you, observe the rest of the sabbath of the Lord.
25:3. Six years thou shalt sow thy field and six years thou
shalt prune thy vineyard, and shalt gather the fruits
25:4. But in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath to
the land, of the resting of the Lord. Thou shalt not sow
thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.
25:5. What the ground shall bring forth of itself, thou
shalt not reap: neither shalt thou gather the grapes or the
firstfruits as a vintage. For it is a year of rest to the
25:6. But they shall be unto you for meat, to thee and to
thy manservant, to thy maidservant and thy hireling, and to
the strangers that sojourn with thee.
25:7. All things that grow shall be meat to thy beasts and
to thy cattle.
25:8. Thou shalt also number to thee seven weeks of years:
that is to say, seven times seven, which together make
25:9. And thou shalt sound the trumpet in the seventh
month, the tenth day of the month, in the time of the
expiation in all your land.
25:10. And thou shalt sanctify the fiftieth year, and shalt
proclaim remission to all the inhabitants of thy land: for
it is the year of jubilee. Every man shall return to his
possession, and every one shall go back to his former
Remission... That is, a general release and discharge from
debts and bondage, and a reinstating of every man in his
25:11. Because it is the jubilee and the fiftieth year. You
shall not sow, nor reap the things that grow in the field
of their own accord, neither shall you gather the
firstfruits of the vines,
25:12. Because of the sanctification of the jubilee. But as
they grow you shall presently eat them.
25:13. In the year of the jubilee all shall return to their
25:14. When thou shalt sell any thing to thy neighbour, or
shalt buy of him: grieve not thy brother. But thou shalt
buy of him according to the number of years from the
25:15. And he shall sell to thee according to the
computation of the fruits.
25:16. The more years remain after the jubilee, the more
shall the price increase: and the less time is counted, so
much the less shall the purchase cost. For he shall sell to
thee the time of the fruits.
25:17. Do not afflict your countrymen: but let every one
fear his God. Because I am the Lord your God.
25:18. Do my precepts, and keep my judgments, and fulfil
them: that you may dwell in the land without any fear.
25:19. And the ground may yield you its fruits, of which
you may eat your fill, fearing no man's invasion.
25:20. But if you say: What shall we eat the seventh year,
if we sow not, nor gather our fruits?
25:21. I will give you my blessing the sixth year: and it
shall yield the fruits of three years.
25:22. And the eighth year you shall sow, and shall eat of
the old fruits, until the ninth year: till new grow up, you
shall eat the old store.
25:23. The land also shall not be sold for ever: because it
is mine, and you are strangers and sojourners with me.
25:24. For which cause all the country of your possession
shall be under the condition of redemption.
25:25. If thy brother being impoverished sell his little
possession, and his kinsman will: he may redeem what he had
25:26. But if he have no kinsman, and he himself can find
the price to redeem it:
25:27. The value of the fruits shall be counted from that
time when he sold it. And the overplus he shall restore to
the buyer, and so shall receive his possession again.
25:28. But if his hands find not the means to repay the
price, the buyer shall have what he bought, until the year
of the jubilee. For in that year all that is sold shall
return to the owner, and to the ancient possessor.
25:29. He that selleth a house within the walls of a city,
shall have the liberty to redeem it, until one year be
25:30. If he redeem it not, and the whole year be fully
out, the buyer shall possess it, and his posterity for
ever, and it cannot be redeemed, not even in the jubilee.
25:31. But if the house be in a village, that hath no
walls, it shall be sold according to the same law as the
fields. If it be not redeemed before, in the jubilee it
shall return to the owner.
25:32. The houses of Levites, which are in cities, may
always be redeemed.
25:33. If they be not redeemed, in the jubilee they shall
all return to the owners: because the houses of the cities
of the Levites are for their possessions among the children
25:34. But let not their suburbs be sold, because it is a
25:35. If thy brother be impoverished, and weak of hand,
and thou receive him as a stranger and sojourner, and he
live with thee:
25:36. Take not usury of him nor more than thou gavest.
Fear thy God, that thy brother may live with thee.
25:37. Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury: nor
exact of him any increase of fruits.
25:38. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the
land of Egypt, that I might give you the land of Chanaan,
and might be your God.
25:39. If thy brother constrained by poverty, sell himself
to thee: thou shalt not oppress him with the service of
25:40. But he shall be as a hireling, and a sojourner: he
shall work with thee until the year of the jubilee.
25:41. And afterwards he shall go out with his children:
and shall return to his kindred and to the possession of
25:42. For they are my servants, and I brought them out of
the land of Egypt: let them not be sold as bondmen.
25:43. Afflict him not by might: but fear thy God.
25:44. Let your bondmen, and your bondwomen, be of the
nations that are round about you:
25:45. And of the strangers that sojourn among you, or that
were born of them in your land. These you shall have for
25:46. And by right of inheritance shall leave them to your
posterity, and shall possess them for ever. But oppress not
your brethren the children of Israel by might.
25:47. If the hand of a stranger or a sojourner grow strong
among you, and thy brother being impoverished sell himself
to him, or to any of his race:
25:48. After the sale he may be redeemed. He that will of
his brethren shall redeem him:
25:49. Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, or his
kinsman, by blood, or by affinity. But if he himself be
able also, he shall redeem himself:
25:50. Counting only the years from the time of his selling
unto the year of the jubilee: and counting the money that
he was sold for, according to the number of the years and
the reckoning of a hired servant.
25:51. If there be many years that remain until the
jubilee, according to them shall he also repay the price.
25:52. If few, he shall make the reckoning with him
according to the number of the years: and shall repay to
the buyer of what remaineth of the years.
25:53. His wages being allowed for which he served before:
he shall not afflict him violently in thy sight.
25:54. And if by these means he cannot be redeemed, in the
year of the jubilee he shall go out with his children.
25:55. For the children of Israel are my servants, whom I
brought forth out of the land of Egypt.
Leviticus Chapter 26
God's promises to them that keep his commandments. And the
many punishments with which he threatens transgressors.
26:1. I am the Lord your God. You shall not make to
yourselves any idol or graven thing: neither shall you
erect pillars, nor set up a remarkable stone in your land,
to adore it. For I am the Lord your God.
26:2. Keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary. I am
26:3. If you walk in my precepts, and keep my commandments,
and do them, I will give you rain in due seasons.
26:4. And the ground shall bring forth its increase: and
the trees shall be filled with fruit.
26:5. The threshing of your harvest shall reach unto the
vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time:
and you shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your
land without fear.
26:6. I will give peace in your coasts: you shall sleep,
and there shall be none to make you afraid. I will take
away evil beasts: and the sword shall not pass through your
26:7. You shall pursue your enemies: and they shall fall
26:8. Five of yours shall pursue a hundred others: and a
hundred of you ten thousand. Your enemies shall fall before
you by the sword.
26:9. I will look on you, and make you increase: you shall
be multiplied, and I will establish my covenant with you.
26:10. You shall eat the oldest of the old store: and, new
coming on, you shall cast away the old.
26:11. I will set my tabernacle in the midst of you: and my
soul shall not cast you off.
26:12. I will walk among you, and will be your God: and you
shall be my people.
26:13. I am the Lord your God: who have brought you out of
the land of the Egyptians, that you should not serve them:
and who have broken the chains of your necks, that you
might go upright.
26:14. But if you will not hear me, nor do all my
26:15. If you despise my laws, and contemn my judgments so
as not to do those things which are appointed by me, and to
make void my covenant:
26:16. I also will do these things to you. I will quickly
visit you with poverty, and burning heat, which shall waste
your eyes, and consume your lives. You shall sow your seed
in vain, which shall be devoured by your enemies.
26:17. I will set my face against you, and you shall fall
down before your enemies: and shall be made subject to them
that hate you. You shall flee when no man pursueth you.
26:18. But if you will not yet for all this obey me: I will
chastise you seven times more for your sins.
26:19. And I will break the pride of your stubbornness: and
I will make to you the heaven above as iron, and the earth
26:20. Your labour shall be spent in vain: the ground shall
not bring forth her increase: nor the trees yield their
26:21. If you walk contrary to me, and will not hearken to
me, I will bring seven times more plagues upon you for your
26:22. And I will send in upon you the beasts of the field,
to destroy you and your cattle, and make you few in number:
and that your highways may be desolate.
26:23. And if even so you will not amend, but will walk
contrary to me:
26:24. I also will walk contrary to you, and will strike
you seven times for your sins.
26:25. And I will bring in upon you the sword that shall
avenge my covenant. And when you shall flee into the
cities, I will send the pestilence in the midst of you. And
you shall be delivered into the hands of your enemies,
26:26. After I shall have broken the staff of your bread:
so that ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and
give it out by weight: and you shall eat, and shall not be
26:27. But if you will not for all this hearken to me, but
will walk against me
26:28. I will also go against you with opposite fury: and I
will chastise you with seven plagues for your sins,
26:29. So that you shall eat the flesh of your sons and of
26:30. I will destroy your high places, and break your
idols. You shall fall among the ruins of your idols, and my
soul shall abhor you.
26:31. Insomuch that I will bring your cities to be a
wilderness: and I will make your sanctuaries desolate: and
will receive no more your sweet odours.
26:32. And I will destroy your land: and your enemies shall
be astonished at it, when they shall be the inhabitants
26:33. And I will scatter you among the Gentiles: and I
will draw out the sword after you. And your land shall be
desert, and your cities destroyed.
26:34. Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths all the days
of her desolation. When you shall be
26:35. In the enemy's land, she shall keep a sabbath, and
rest in the sabbaths of her desolation: because she did not
rest in your sabbaths, when you dwelt therein.
26:36. And as to them that shall remain of you I will send
fear in their hearts in the countries of their enemies. The
sound of a flying leaf shall terrify them: and they shall
flee as it were from the sword. They shall fall, when no
man pursueth them.
26:37. And they shall every one fall upon their brethren as
fleeing from wars: none of you shall dare to resist your
26:38. You shall perish among the Gentiles: and an enemy's
land shall consume you.
26:39. And if of them also some remain, they shall pine
away in their iniquities, in the land of their enemies: and
they shall be afflicted for the sins of their fathers, and
26:40. Until they confess their iniquities, and the
iniquities of their ancestors, whereby they have
transgressed against me, and walked contrary unto me.
26:41. Therefore I also will walk against them, and bring
them into their enemies' land until their uncircumcised
mind be ashamed. Then shall they pray for their sins.
26:42. And I will remember my covenant, that I made with
Jacob, and Isaac, and Abraham. I will remember also the
26:43. Which when she shall be left by them, shall enjoy
her sabbaths, being desolate for them. But they shall pray
for their sins, because they rejected my judgments, and
despised my laws.
26:44. And yet for all that when they were in the land of
their enemies, I did not cast them off altogether. Neither
did I so despise them that they should be quite consumed:
and I should make void my covenant with them. For I am the
Lord their God.
26:45. And I will remember my former covenant, when I
brought them out of the land of Egypt, in the sight of the
Gentiles, to be their God. I am the Lord. These are the
judgments, and precepts, and laws, which the Lord gave
between him and the children of Israel, in mount Sinai, by
the hand of Moses.
Leviticus Chapter 27
Of vows and tithes.
27:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
27:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: The man that shall have made a vow, and promised
his soul to God, shall give the price according to
27:3. If it be a man from twenty years old unto sixty years
old, he shall give fifty sicles of silver, after the weight
of the sanctuary:
27:4. If a woman, thirty.
27:5. But from the fifth year until the twentieth, a man
shall give twenty sicles: a woman ten.
27:6. From one month until the fifth year, for a male shall
be given five sicles: for a female three.
27:7. A man that is sixty years old or upward, shall give
fifteen sicles: a woman ten.
27:8. If he be poor, and not able to pay the estimation, he
shall stand before the priest: and as much as he shall
value him at, and see him able to pay, so much shall he
27:9. But a beast that may be sacrificed to the Lord, if
any one shall vow, shall be holy,
27:10. And cannot be changed: that is to say, neither a
better for a worse, nor a worse for a better. And if he
shall change it: both that which was changed, and that for
which it was changed, shall be consecrated to the Lord.
27:11. An unclean beast, which cannot be sacrificed to the
Lord, if any man shall vow, shall be brought before the
27:12. Who judging whether it be good or bad, shall set the
27:13. Which, if he that offereth it will give, he shall
add above the estimation the fifth part.
27:14. If a man shall vow his house, and sanctify it to the
Lord, the priest shall consider it, whether it be good or
bad: and it shall be sold according to the price, which he
27:15. But if he that vowed, will redeem it, he shall give
the fifth part of the estimation over and above: and shall
have the house.
27:16. And if he vow the field of his possession, and
consecrate it to the Lord, the price shall be rated
according to the measure of the seed. If the ground be sown
with thirty bushels of barley, let it be sold for fifty
sicles of silver.
27:17. If he vow his field immediately from the year of
jubilee that is beginning: as much as it may be worth, at
so much it shall be rated.
27:18. But if some time after, the priest shall reckon the
money according to the number of years that remain until
the jubilee, and the price shall be abated.
27:19. And if he that had vowed, will redeem his field, he
shall add the fifth part of the money of the estimation,
and shall possess it.
27:20. And if he will not redeem it, but it be sold to any
other man, he that vowed it, may not redeem it any more.
27:21. For when the day of jubilee cometh, it shall be
sanctified to the Lord, and as a possession consecrated,
pertaineth to the right of the priest.
27:22. If a field that was bought, and not of a man's
ancestors' possession, be sanctified to the Lord:
27:23. The priest shall reckon the price according to the
number of years, unto the jubilee. And he that had vowed,
shall give that to the Lord.
27:24. But in the jubilee, it shall return to the former
owner, who had sold it, and had it in the lot of his
27:25. All estimation shall be made according to the sicle
of the sanctuary. A sicle hath twenty obols.
27:26. The firstborn, which belong to the Lord, no man may
sanctify and vow: whether it be bullock, or sheep, they are
27:27. And if it be an unclean beast, he that offereth it
shall redeem it, according to thy estimation, and shall add
the fifth part of the price. If he will not redeem it, it
shall be sold to another for how much soever it was
estimated by thee.
27:28. Any thing that is devoted to the Lord, whether it be
man, or beast, or field, shall not be sold: neither may it
be redeemed. Whatsoever is once consecrated shall be holy
of holies to the Lord.
27:29. And any consecration that is offered by man, shall
not be redeemed, but dying shall die.
27:30. All tithes of the land, whether of corn, or of the
fruits of trees, are the Lord's, and are sanctified to him.
27:31. And if any man will redeem his tithes, he shall add
the fifth part of them.
27:32. Of all the tithes of oxen, and sheep, and goats,
that pass under the shepherd's rod, every tenth that cometh
shall be sanctified to the Lord.
27:33. It shall not be chosen neither good nor bad, neither
shall it be changed for another. If any man change it: both
that which was changed, and that for which it was changed,
shall be sanctified to the Lord, and shall not be redeemed.
27:34. These are the precepts which the Lord commanded
Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.
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