THE BOOK OF GENESIS
This book is so called from its treating of the GENERATION,
that is, of the creation and the beginning of the world.
The Hebrews call it BERESITH, from the Word with which it
begins. It contains not only the history of the Creation of
the world; but also an account of its progress during the
space of 2369 years, that is, until the death of JOSEPH.
Genesis Chapter 1
God createth Heaven and Earth, and all things therein, in
1:1. In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
1:2. And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was
upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over
1:3. And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
1:4. And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided
the light from the darkness.
1:5. And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night;
and there was evening and morning one day.
1:6. And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the
waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
A firmament... By this name is here understood the whole
space between the earth, and the highest stars. The lower
part of which divideth the waters that are upon the earth,
from those that are above in the clouds.
1:7. And god made a firmament, and divided the waters that
were under the firmament, from those that were above
the firmament, and it was so.
1:8. And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening
and morning were the second day.
1:9. God also said; Let the waters that are under the
heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the
dry land appear. And it was so done.
1:10. And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering
together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that
it was good.
1:11. And he said: let the earth bring forth green herb,
and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit
after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the
earth. And it was so done.
1:12. And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such
as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that
beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind.
And God saw that it was good.
1:13. And the evening and the morning were the third day.
1:14. And God said: Let there be lights made in the
firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and
let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and
1:15. To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give
light upon the earth, and it was so done.
1:16. And God made two great lights: a greater light to
rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and The
Two great lights... God created on the first day, light,
which being moved from east to west, by its rising and
setting, made morning and evening. But on the fourth day
he ordered and distributed this light, and made the sun,
moon, and stars. The moon, though much less than the
stars, is here called a great light, from its giving a
far greater light to the earth than any of them.
1:17. And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine
upon the earth.
1:18. And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the
light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
1:19. And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
1:20. God also said: let the waters bring forth the
creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly
over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
1:21. And God created the great whales, and every living
and moving creature, which the waaters brought forth,
according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according
to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
1:22. And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply,
and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be
multiplied upon the earth.
1:23. And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
1:24. And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living
creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and
beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was
1:25. And God made the beasts of the earth according to
their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on
the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
1:26. And he said: Let us make man to our image and
likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the
sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the
whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon
Let us make man to our image... This image of God in man,
is not in the body, but in the soul; which is a spiritual
substance, endued with understanding and free will. God
speaketh here in the plural number, to insinuate the
plurality of persons in the Deity.
1:27. And God created man to his own image: to the image of
God he created him: male and female he created them.
1:28. And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply,
and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes
of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living
creatures that move upon the earth.
Increase and multiply... This is not a precept, as some
Protestant controvertists would have it, but a blessing,
rendering them fruitful; for God had said the same words
to the fishes, and birds, (ver. 22) who were incapable of
receiving a precept.
1:29. And God said: Behold I have given you every herb
bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in
themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
1:30. And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of
the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein
there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was
1:31. And God saw all the things that he had made, and they
were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth
Genesis Chapter 2
God resteth on the seventh day and blesseth it. The earthly
paradise, in which God placeth man. He commandeth him not
to eat of the tree of knowledge. And formeth a woman of his
2:1. So the heavens and the earth were finished, and all
the furniture of them.
2:2. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he
had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his
work which he had done.
He rested, etc... That is, he ceased to make or create
any new kinds of things. Though, as our Lord tells us,
John 5.17, "He still worketh", viz., by conserving and
governing all things, and creating souls.
2:3. And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it:
because in it he had rested from all his work which God
created and made.
2:4. These are the generations of the heaven and the earth,
when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made
the heaven and the earth:
2:5. And every plant of the field before it sprung up in
the earth, and every herb of the ground before it grew: for
the Lord God had not rained upon the earth; and there was
not a man to till the earth.
2:6. But a spring rose out of the earth, watering all the
surface of the earth.
2:7. And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth:
and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man
became a living soul.
2:8. And the Lord God had planted a paradise of pleasure
from the beginning: wherein he placed man whom he had
2:9. And the Lord God brought forth of the ground all
manner of trees, fair to behold, and pleasant to eat of:
the tree of life also in the midst of paradise: and the
tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The tree of life... So called because it had that quality,
that by eating of the fruit of it, man would have been
preserved in a constant state of health, vigour, and
strength, and would not have died at all. The tree of
knowledge... To which the deceitful serpent falsely
attributed the power of imparting a superior kind of
knowledge, beyond that which God was pleased to give.
2:10. And a river went out of the place of pleasure to
water paradise, which from thence is divided into four
2:11. The name of the one is Phison: that is it which
compasseth all the land of Hevilath, where gold groweth.
2:12. And the gold of that land is very good: there is
found bdellium, and the onyx stone.
2:13. And the name of the second river is Gehon: the same
is it that compasseth all the land of Ethiopia.
2:14. And the name of the third river is Tigris: the same
passeth along by the Assyrians. And the fourth river is
2:15. And the Lord God took man, and put him into the
paradise of pleasure, to dress it, and to keep it.
2:16. And he commanded him, saying: Of every tree of
paradise thou shalt eat:
2:17. But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou
shalt not eat. For in what day soever thou shalt eat of it,
thou shalt die the death.
2:18. And the Lord God said: It is not good for man to be
alone: let us make him a help like unto himself.
2:19. And the Lord God having formed out of the ground all
the beasts of the earth, and all the fowls of the air,
brought them to Adam to see what he would call them: for
whatsoever Adam called any living creature the same is its
2:20. And Adam called all the beasts by their names, and
all the fowls of the air, and all the cattle of the field:
but for Adam there was not found a helper like himself.
2:21. Then the Lord God cast a deep sleep upon Adam: and
when he was fast asleep, he took one of his ribs, and
filled up flesh for it.
2:22. And the Lord God built the rib which he took from
Adam into a woman: and brought her to Adam.
2:23. And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and
flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she
was taken out of man.
2:24. Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and
shall cleave to his wife: and they shall be two in one
2:25. And they were both naked: to wit, Adam and his wife:
and were not ashamed.
Genesis Chapter 3
The serpent's craft. The fall of our first parents. Their
punishment. The promise of a Redeemer.
3:1. Now the serpent was more subtle tha any of the beasts
of the earth which the Lord God had made. And he said to
the woman: Why hath God commanded you, that you should not
eat of every tree of paradise?
3:2. And the woman answered him, saying: Of the fruit of
the trees that are in paradise we do eat:
3:3. But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of
paradise, God hath commanded us that we should not eat; and
that we should not touch it, lest perhaps we die.
3:4. And the serpent said to the woman: No, you shall not
die the death.
3:5. For God doth know that in what day soever you shall
eat thereof, your eyes shall be opened: and you shall be as
Gods, knowing good and evil.
3:6. And the woman saw that the tree was good to eat, and
fair to the eyes, and delightful to behold: and she took of
the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave to her husband,
who did eat.
3:7. And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they
perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig
leaves, and made themselves aprons.
And the eyes, etc... Not that they were blind before, (for
the woman saw that the tree was fair to the eyes, ver. 6.)
nor yet that their eyes were opened to any more perfect
knowledge of good; but only to the unhappy experience of
having lost the good of original grace and innocence, and
incurred the dreadful evil of sin. From whence followed a
shame of their being naked; which they minded not before;
because being now stript of original grace, they quickly
began to be subject to the shameful rebellions of the
3:8. And when they heard the voice of the Lord God walking
in paradise at the afternoon air, Adam and his wife hid
themselves from the face of the Lord God, amidst the trees
3:9. And the Lord God called Adam, and said to him: Where
3:10. And he said: I heard thy voice in paradise; and I
was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.
3:11. And he said to him: And who hath told thee that thou
wast naked, but that thou hast eaten of the tree whereof I
commanded thee that thou shouldst not eat?
3:12. And Adam said: The woman, whom thou gavest me to be
my companion, gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
3:13. And the Lord God said to the woman: Why hast thou
done this? And she answered: The serpent deceived me, and I
3:14. And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou
hast done this thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and
beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go, and
earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.
3:15. I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and
thy seed and her seed: she shall cursh thy head, and thou
shalt lie in wait for her heel.
She shall crush... Ipsa, the woman; so divers of the
fathers read this place, conformably to the Latin: others
read it ipsum, viz., the seed. The sense is the same: for
it is by her seed, Jesus Christ, that the woman crushes
the serpent's head.
3:16. To the woman also he said: I will multiply thy
sorrows, and thy conceptions: in sorrow shalt thou bring
forth children, and thou shalt be under thy husband's
power, and he shall have dominion over thee.
3:17. And to Adam he said: Because thou hast hearkened to
the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, whereof
I commanded thee, that thou shouldst not eat, cursed is the
earth in thy work: with labour and toil shalt thou eat
thereof all the days of thy life.
3:18. Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee, and
thou shalt eat the herbs of the earth.
3:19. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till
thou return to the earth out of which thou wast taken: for
dust thou art, and into dust thou shalt return.
3:20. And Adam called the name of his wife Eve: because she
was the mother of all the living.
3:21. And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife garments
of skins, and clothed them.
3:22. And he said: Behold Adam is become as one of us,
knowing good and evil: now therefore lest perhaps he put
forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat,
and live for ever.
Behold Adam, etc... This was spoken by way of reproaching
him with his pride, in affecting a knowledge that might
make him like to God.
3:23. And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of
pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken.
3:24. And he cast out Adam: and placed before the paradise
of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every
way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Genesis Chapter 4
The history of Cain and Abel.
4:1. And Adam knew Eve his wife; who conceived and brought
forth Cain, saying: I have gotten a man through God.
4:2. And again she brought forth his brother Abel. And Abel
was a shepherd, and Cain a husbandman.
4:3. And it came to pass after many days, that Cain
offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord.
4:4. Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and
of their fat: and the Lord had respect to Abel, and to his
Had respect... That is, shewed his acceptance of his
sacrifice (as coming from a heart full of devotion): and
that, as we may suppose, by some visible token, such as
sending fire from heaven upon his offerings.
4:5. But to Cain and his offerings he had no respect: and
Cain was exceeding angry, and his countenance fell.
4:6. And the Lord said to him: Why art thou angry? and why
is thy countenance fallen?
4:7. If thou do well, shalt thou not receive? but if ill,
shall not sin forthwith be present at the door? but the
lust thereof shall be under thee, and thou shalt have
dominion over it.
4:8. And Cain said to Abel his brother: Let us go forth
abroad. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up
against his brother Abel, and slew him.
4:9. And the Lord said to Cain: Where is thy brother Abel?
And he answered: I know not: am I my brother's keeper?
4:10. And he said to him: What hast thou done? the voice of
thy brother's blood crieth to me from the earth.
4:11. Now therefore cursed shalt thou be upon the earth,
which hath opened her mouth and recieved the blood of thy
brother at thy hand.
4:12. When thou shalt till it, it shall not yield to thee
its fruit: a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be upon the
4:13. And Cain said to the Lord: My iniquity is greater
than that I may deserve pardon.
4:14. Behold thou dost cast me out this day from the face
of the earth, and from thy face I shall be hid, and I shall
be a vagabond and a fugitive on the earth: every one
therefore that findeth me, shall kill me.
Every one that findeth me shall kill me... His guilty
conscience made him fear his own brothers and nephews; of
whom, by this time,there might be a good number upon the
earth; which had now endured near 130 years; as may be
gathered from Gen. 5.3, compared with chap. 4.25, though
in the compendious account given in the scriptures, only
Cain and Abel are mentioned.
4:15. And the Lord said to him: No, it shall not so be: but
whosoever shall kill Cain, shall be punished sevenfold. And
the Lord set a mark upon Cain, that whosoever found him
should not kill him.
Set a mark, etc... The more common opinion of the
interpreters of holy writ supposes this mark to have been
a trembling of the body; or a horror and consternation in
4:16. And Cain went out from the face of the Lord, and
dwelt as a fugitive on the earth at the east side of Eden.
4:17. And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived, and
brought forth Henoch: and he built a city, and called the
name thereof by the name of his son Henoch.
His wife... She was a daughter of Adam, and Cain's own
sister; God dispensing with such marriages in the
beginning of the world, as mankind could not otherwise be
propagated. He built a city, viz... In process of time,
when his race was multiplied, so as to be numerous enough
to people it. For in the many hundred years he lived, his
race might be multiplied even to millions.
4:18. And Henoch begot Irad, and Irad begot Maviael, and
Maviael begot Mathusael, and Mathusael begot Lamech,
4:19. Who took two wives: the name of the one was Ada, and
the name of the other Sella.
4:20. And Ada brought forth Jabel: who was the father of
such as dwell in tents, and of herdsmen.
4:21. And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father
of them that play upon the harp and the organs.
4:22. Sella also brought forth Tubalcain, who was a
hammerer and artificer in every work of brass and iron. And
the sister of Tubalcain was Noema.
4:23. And Lamech said to his wives Ada and Sella: Hear my
voice, ye wives of Lamech, hearken to my speech: for I have
slain a man to the wounding of myself, and a stripling to
my own bruising.
I have slain a man, etc... It is the tradition of the
Hebrews, that Lamech in hunting slew Cain, mistaking him
for a wild beast; and that having discovered what he had
done, he beat so unmercifully the youth, by whom he was
led into that mistake, that he died of the blows.
4:24. Sevenfold vengeance shall be taken for Cain: but for
Lamech seventy times sevenfold.
4:25. Adam also knew his wife again: and she brought forth
a son, and called his name Seth, saying: God hath given me
another seed for Abel, whom Cain slew.
4:26. But to Seth also was born a son, whom he called Enos:
this man began to call upon the name of the Lord.
Began to call upon, etc... Not that Adam and Seth had not
called upon God, before the birth of Enos; but that Enos
used more solemnity in the worship and invocation of God.
Genesis Chapter 5
The genealogy, age, and death of the Patriarchs, from Adam
to Noe. The translation of Henoch.
5:1. This is the book of the generation of Adam. In the day
that God created man, he made him to the likeness of God.
5:2. He created them male and female; and blessed them: and
called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.
5:3. And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot a
son to his own image and likeness, and called his name Seth.
5:4. And the days of Adam, after he begot Seth, were eight
hundred years: and he begot sons and daughters.
5:5. And all the time that Adam lived, came to nine hundred
and thirty years, and he died.
5:6. Seth also lived a hundred and five years, and begot
5:7. And Seth lived after he begot Enos, eight hundred and
seven years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:8. And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve
years, and he died.
5:9. And Enos lived ninety years, and begot Cainan.
5:10. After whose birth he lived eight hundred and fifteen
years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:11. And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five
years, and he died.
5:12. And Cainan lived seventy years, and begot Malaleel.
5:13. And Cainan lived after he begot Malaleel, eight
hundred and forty years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:14. And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten
years, and he died.
5:15. And Malaleel lived sixty-five years and begot Jared.
5:16. And Malaleel lived after he begot Jared, eight
hundred and thirty years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:17. And all the days of Malaleel were eight hundred and
ninety-five years, and he died.
5:18. And Jared lived a hundred and sixty-two years, and
5:19. And Jared lived after he begot Henoch, eight hundred
years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:20. And all the days of Jared were nine hundred and
sixty-two years, and he died.
5:21. And Henoch lived sixty-five years, and begot
5:22. And Henoch walked with God: and lived after he begot
Mathusala, three hundred years, and begot sons and
5:23. And all the days of Henoch were three hundred and
5:24. And he walked with God, and was seen no more: because
God took him.
5:25. And Mathusala lived a hundred and eighty-seven years,
and begot Lamech.
5:26. And Mathlusala lived after he begot Lamech, seven
hundred and eighty-two years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:27. And all the days of Mathusala were nine hundred and
sixty-nine years, and he died.
5:28. And Lamech lived a hundred and eighty-two years, and
begot a son.
5:29. And he called his name Noe, saying: This same shall
comfort us from the works and labours of our hands on the
earth, which the Lord hath cursed.
5:30. And Lamech lived after he begot Noe, five hundred and
ninety-five years, and begot sons and daughters.
5:31. And all the days of Lamech came to seven hundred and
seventy-seven years, and he died. And Noe, when he was five
hundred years old, begot Sem, Cham, and Japheth.
Genesis Chapter 6
Man's sin is the cause of the deluge. Noe is commanded to
build the ark.
6:1. And after that men began to be multiplied upon the
earth, and daughters were born to them,
6:2. The sons of God seeing the daughters of men, that they
were fair, took to themselves wives of all which they
The sons of God... The descendants of Seth and Enos are
here called sons of God from their religion and piety:
whereas the ungodly race of Cain, who by their carnal
affections lay grovelling upon the earth, are called the
children of men. The unhappy consequence of the former
marrying with the latter, ought to be a warning to
Christians to be very circumspect in their marriages; and
not to suffer themselves to be determined in their choice
by their carnal passion, to the prejudice of virtue or
6:3. And God said: My spirit shall not remain in man for
ever, because he is flesh, and his days shall be a hundred
and twenty years.
His days shall be, etc... The meaning is, that man's days,
which before the flood were usually 900 years, should now
be reduced to 120 years. Or rather, that God would allow
men this term of 120 years, for their repentance and
conversion, before he would send the deluge.
6:4. Now giants were upon the earth in those days. For
after the sons of God went in to the daughters of men, and
they brought forth children, these are the mighty men of
old, men of renown.
Giants... It is likely the generality of men before the
flood were of a gigantic stature in comparison with what
men now are. But these here spoken of are called giants,
as being not only tall in stature, but violent and savage
in thier dispositions, and mere monsters of cruelty and
6:5. And God seeing that the wickedness of men was great on
the earth, and that all the thought of their heart was bent
upon evil at all times,
6:6. It repented him that he had made man on the earth. And
being touched inwardly with sorrow of heart,
It repented him, etc... God, who is unchangeable, is not
capable of repentance, grief, or any other passion. But
these expressions are used to declare the enormity of the
sins of men, which was so provoking as to determine their
Creator to destroy these his creatures, whom before he had
so much favoured.
6:7. He said: I will destroy man, whom I have created, from
the face of the earth, from man even to beasts, from the
creeping thing even to the fowls of the air, for it
repenteth me that I have made them.
6:8. But Noe found grace before the Lord.
6:9. These are the generations of Noe: Noe was a just and
perfect man in his generations, he walked with God.
6:10. And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth.
6:11. And the earth was corrupted before God, and was
filled with iniquity.
6:12. And when God had seen that the earth was corrupted
(for all flesh had corrupted its way upon the earth),
6:13. He said to Noe: The end of all flesh is come before
me, the earth is filled with iniquity through them, and I
will destroy them with the earth.
6:14. Make thee an ark of timber planks: thou shalt make
little rooms in the ark, and thou shalt pitch it within and
6:15. And thus shalt thou make it. The length of the ark
shall be three hundred cubits: the breadth of it fifty
cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.
Three hundred cubits, etc... The ark, according to the
dimensions here set down, contained four hundred and fifty
thousand square cubits; which was more than enough to
contain all the kinds of living creatures, with all
necessary provisions: even supposing the cubits here
spoken of to have been only a foot and a half each, which
was the least king of cubits.
6:16. Thou shalt make a window in the ark, and in a cubit
shalt thou finish the top of it: and the door of the ark
thou shalt set in the side: with lower, middle chambers,
and third stories shalt thou make it.
6:17. Behold, I will bring the waters of a great flood upon
the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of
life under heaven. All things that are in the earth shall
6:18. And I will establish my covenant with thee, and thou
shalt enter into the ark, thou and thy sons, and thy wife,
and the wives of thy sons with thee.
6:19. And of every living creature of all flesh, thou shalt
bring two of a sort into the ark, that they may live with
thee: of the male sex, and the female.
6:20. Of fowls according to their kind, and of beasts in
their kind, and of every thing that creepeth on the earth
according to its kind: two of every sort shall go in with
thee, that they may live.
6:21. Thou shalt take unto thee of all food that may be
eaten, and thou shalt lay it up with thee: and it shall be
food for thee and them.
6:22. And Noe did all things which God commanded him.
Genesis Chapter 7
Noe with his family go into the ark. The deluge overflows
7:1. And the Lord said to him: Go in, thou and all thy
house, into the ark: for thee I have seen just before me in
7:2. Of all clean beasts take seven and seven, the male and
Of all clean... The distintion of clean and unclean beasts
appears to have been made before the law of Moses, which
was not promulgated till the year of the world 2514.
7:3. But of the beasts that are unclean two and two, the
male and the female. Of the fowls also of the air seven and
seven, the male and the female: that seed may be saved upon
the face of the whole earth.
7:4. For yet a while, and after seven days, I will rain
upon the earth forty days and forty nights: and I will
destroy every substance that I have made, from the face of
7:5. And Noe did all things which the Lord had commanded
7:6. And he was six hundred years old, when the waters of
the flood overflowed the earth.
7:7. And Noe went in and his sons, his wife and the wives
of his sons with him into the ark, because of the waters of
7:8. And of beasts clean and unclean, and of fowls, and of
every thing that moveth upon the earth,
7:9. Two and two went in to Noe into the ark, male and
female, as the Lord had commanded Noe.
7:10. And after the seven days were passed, the waters of
the flood overflowed the earth.
7:11. In the six hundredth year of the life of Noe, in the
second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, all the
fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the
floodgates of heaven were opened:
7:12. And the rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty
7:13. In the selfsame day Noe, and Sem, and Cham, and
Japheth, his sons: his wife, and the three wives of his
sons with them, went into the ark.
7:14. They and every beast according to its kind, and all
the cattle in their kind, and every thing that moveth upon
the earth, according to its kind, and every fowl according
to its kind, all birds, and all that fly,
7:15. Went in to Noe into the ark, two and two of all
flesh, wherein was the breath of life.
7:16. And they that went in, went in male and female of all
flesh, as God had commanded him: and the Lord shut him in
on the outside.
7:17. And the flood was forty days upon the earth: and the
waters increased, and lifted up the ark on high from the
7:18. For they overflowed exceedingly: and filled all on
the face of the earth: and the ark was carried upon the
7:19. And the waters prevailed beyond measure upon the
earth: and all the high mountains under the whole heaven
7:20. The water was fifteen cubits higher than the
mountains which it covered.
7:21. And all flesh was destroyed that moved upon the
earth, both of fowl and of cattle, and of beasts, and of
all creeping things that creep upon the earth: and all men.
7:22. And all things wherein there is the breath of life on
the earth, died.
7:23. And he destroyed all the substance that was upon the
earth, from man even to beast, and the creeping things and
fowls of the air: and they were destroyed from the earth:
and Noe only remained, and they that were with him in the
7:24. And the waters prevailed upon the earth a hundred and
Genesis Chapter 8
The deluge ceaseth. Noe goeth out of the ark, and offereth
a sacrifice. God's covenant to him.
8:1. And God remembered Noe, and all the living creatures,
and all the cattle which were with him in the ark, and
brought a wind upon the earth, and the waters were abated:
8:2. The fountains also of the deep, and the floodgates of
heaven, were shut up, and the rain from heaven was
8:3. And the waters returned from off the earth going and
coming: and they began to be abated after a hundred and
8:4. And the ark rested in the seventh month, the seven and
twentieth day of the month, upon the mountains of Armenia.
8:5. And the waters were going and decreasing until the
tenth month: for in the tenth month, the first day of the
month, the tops of the mountains appeared.
8:6. And after that forty days were passed, Noe opening
the window of the ark, which he had made, sent forth a
8:7. Which went forth and did not return, till the waters
were dried up upon the earth.
Did not return... The raven did not return into the ark;
but (as it may be gathered from the Hebrew) went to and
fro; sometimes going to the mountains, where it found
carcasses to feed on: and other times returning, to rest
upon the top of the ark.
8:8. He sent forth also a dove after him, to see if the
waters had now ceased upon the face of the earth.
8:9. But she not finding where her foot might rest,
returned to him into the ark: for the waters were upon the
whole earth: and he put forth his hand, and caught her, and
brought her into the ark.
8:10. And having waited yet seven other days, he again sent
forth the dove out of the ark.
8:11. And she came to him in the evening carrying a bough
of an olive tree, with green leaves, in her mouth. Noe
therefore understood that the waters were ceased upon the
8:12. And he stayed yet other seven days: and he sent forth
the dove, which returned not any more unto him.
8:13. Therefore in the six hundredth and first year, the
first month, the first day of the month, the waters were
lessened upon the earth, and Noe opening the covering of
the ark, looked, and saw that the face of the earth was
8:14. In the second month, the seven and twentieth day of
the month, the earth was dried.
8:15. And God spoke to Noe, saying:
8:16. Go out of the ark, thou and thy wife, thy sons and
the wives of thy sons with thee.
8:17. All living things that are with thee of all flesh, as
well in fowls as in beasts, and all creeping things that
creep upon the earth, bring out with thee, and go ye upon
the earth: increase and multiply upon it.
8:18. So Noe went out, he and his sons: his wife, and the
wives of his sons with him.
8:19. And all living things, and cattle, and creeping
things that creep upon the earth, according to their kinds
went out of the ark.
8:20. And Noe built an altar unto the Lord: and taking of
all cattle and fowls that were clean, offered holocausts
upon the altar.
Holocausts,... or whole burnt offerings. In which the
whole victim was consumed by fire upon God's altar, and no
part was reserved for the use of priest or people.
8:21. And the Lord smelled a sweet savour, and said: I will
no more curse the earth for the sake of man: for the
imagination and thought of man's heart are prone to evil
from his youth: therefore I will no more destroy every
living soul as I have done.
Smelled, etc... A figurative expression, denoting that God
was well pleased with the sacrifices which his servant
8:22. All the days of the earth, seedtime and harvest, cold
and heat, summer and winter, night and day, shall not
Genesis Chapter 9
God besseth Noe: forbiddeth blood, and promiseth never more
to destroy the world by water. The blessing of Sem and
9:1. And God blessed Noe and his sons. And he said to them:
Increase, and multiply, and fill the earth.
9:2. And let the fear and dread of you be upon all the
beasts of the earth, and upon all the fowls of the air, and
all that move upon the earth: all the fishes of the sea are
delivered into your hand.
9:3. And every thing that moveth, and liveth shall be meat
for you: even as the green herbs have I delivered them all
9:4. Saving that flesh with blood you shall not eat.
9:5. For I will require the blood of your lives at the hand
of every beast, and at the hand of man, at the hand of
every man, and of his brother, will I require the life of
9:6. Whosoever shall shed man's blood, his blood shall be
shed: for man was made to the image of God.
9:7. But increase you and multiply, and go upon the earth
and fill it.
9:8. Thus also said God to Noe, and to his sons with him:
9:9. Behold I will establish my covenant with you, and with
your seed after you:
9:10. And with every living soul that is with you, as well
in all birds, as in cattle and beasts of the earth, that
are come forth out of the ark, and in all the beasts of the
9:11. I will establish my covenant with you, and all flesh
shall be no more destroyed with the waters of a flood,
neither shall there be from henceforth a flood to waste the
9:12. And God said: This is the sign of the covenant which
I give between me and you, and to every living soul that is
with you, for perpetual generations.
9:13. I will set my bow in the clouds, and it shall be the
sign of a covenant between me and between the earth.
9:14. And when I shall cover the sky with clouds, my bow
shall appear in the clouds:
9:15. And I will remember my covenant with you, and with
every living soul that beareth flesh: and there shall no
more be waters of a flood to destroy all flesh.
9:16. And the bow shall be in the clouds, and I shall see
it, and shall remember the everlasting covenant, that was
made between God and every living soul of all flesh which
is upon the earth.
9:17. And God said to Noe: This shall be the sign of the
covenant, which I have established, between me and all
flesh upon the earth.
9:18. And the sons of Noe, who came out of the ark, were
Sem, Cham, and Japheth: and Cham is the father of Chanaan.
9:19. These three are the sons of Noe: and from these was
all mankind spread over the whole earth.
9:20. And Noe a husbandman began to till the ground, and
planted a vineyard.
9:21. And drinking of the wine was made drunk, and was
uncovered in his tent.
Drunk... Noe by the judgment of the fathers was not guilty
of sin, in being overcome by wine: because he knew not the
strength of it.
9:22. Which when Cham the father of Chanaan had seen, to
wit, that his father's nakedness was uncovered, he told it
to his two brethren without.
9:23. But Sem and Japheth put a cloak upon their shoulders,
and going backward, covered the nakedness of their father:
and their faces were turned away, and they saw not their
Covered the nakedness... Thus, as St. Gregory takes notice
L. 35; Moral. c. 22, we ought to cover the nakedness, that
is, the sins, of our spiritual parents and superiors.
9:24. And Noe awaking from the wine, when he had learned
what his younger son had done to him,
9:25. He said: Cursed be Chanaan, a servant of servants
shall he be unto his brethren.
Cursed be Chanaan... The curses, as well as the blessings,
of the partiarchs, were prophetical: And this in
particular is here recorded by Moses, for the children of
Israel, who were to possess the land of Chanaan. But why
should Chanaan be cursed for his father's faults? The
Hebrews answer, that he being then a boy, was the first
that saw his grandfather's nakedness, and told his father
Cham of it; and joined with him in laughing at it: which
drew upon him, rather than upon the rest of the children
of Cham, this prophetical curse.
9:26. And he said: Blessed be the Lord God of Sem, be
Chanaan his servant.
9:27. May God enlarge Japheth, and may he dwell in the
tents of Sem, and Chanaan be his servant.
9:28. And Noe lived after the flood three hundred and fifty
9:29. And all his days were in the whole nine hundred and
fifty years: and he died.
Genesis Chapter 10
The genealogy of the children of Noe, by whom the world was
peopled after the flood.
10:1. These are the generations of the sons of Noe: Sem,
Cham, and Japheth: and unto them sons were born after the
10:2. The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and
Javan, and Thubal, and Mosoch, and Thiras.
10:3. And the sons of Gomer: Ascenez and Riphath and
10:4. And the sons of Javan: Elisa and Tharsis, Cetthim and
10:5. By these were divided the islands of the Gentiles in
their lands, every one according to his tongue and their
families in their nations.
The islands... So the Hebrews called all the remote
countries, to which they went by ships from Judea, to
Greece, Italy, Spain, etc.
10:6. And the Sons of Cham: Chus, and Mesram, and Phuth,
10:7. And the sons of Chus: Saba, and Hevila, and Sabatha,
and Regma, and Sabatacha. The sons of Regma: Saba, and
10:8. Now Chus begot Nemrod: he began to be mighty on the
10:9. And he was a stout hunter before the Lord. Hence came
a proverb: Even as Nemrod the stout hunter before the Lord.
A stout hunter... Not of beasts but of men: whom by
violence and tyranny he brought under his dominion. And
such he was, not only in the opinion of men, but before
the Lord, that is, in his sight who cannot be deceived.
10:10. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon, and
Arach, and Achad, and Chalanne in the land of Sennaar.
10:11. Out of that land came forth Assur, and built Ninive,
and the streets of the city, and Chale.
10:12. Resen also between Ninive and Chale: this is the
10:13. And Mesraim begot Ludim, and Anamim and Laabim,
10:14. And Phetrusim, and Chasluim; of whom came forth the
Philistines, and the Capthorim.
10:15. And Chanaan begot Sidon his firstborn, the Hethite,
10:16. And the Jebusite, and the Amorrhite, and the
10:17. The Hevite and Aracite: the Sinite,
10:18. And the Aradian, the Samarite, and the Hamathite:
and afterwards the families of the Chanaanites were spread
10:19. And the limits of Chanaan were from Sidon as one
comes to Gerara even to Gaza, until thou enter Sodom and
Gomorrha, and Adama, and Seboim even to Lesa.
10:20. These are the children of Cham in their kindreds and
tongues, and generations, and lands, and nations.
10:21. Of Sem also the father of all the children of Heber,
the elder brother of Japheth, sons were born.
10:22. The sons of Sem: Elam and Assur, and Arphaxad, and
Lud, and Aram.
10:23. The sons of Aram: Us, and Hull, and Gether; and Mes.
10:24. But Arphaxad begot Sale, of whom was born Heber.
10:25. And to Heber were born two sons: the name of the one
was Phaleg, because in his days was the earth divided: and
his brother's name Jectan.
10:26. Which Jectan begot Elmodad, and Saleph, and
10:27. And Aduram, and Uzal, and Decla,
10:28. And Ebal, and Abimael, Saba,
10:29. And Ophir, and Hevila, and Jobab. All these were the
sons of Jectan.
10:30. And their dwelling was from Messa as we go on as far
as Sephar, a mountain in the east.
10:31. These are the children of Sem according to their
kindreds and tongues, and countries in their nations.
10:32. These are the families of Noe, according to their
people and nations. By these were the nations divided on
the earth after the flood.
Genesis Chapter 11
The tower of Babel. The confusion of tongues. The genealogy
of Sem down to Abram.
11:1. And the earth was of one tongue, and of the same
11:2. And when they removed from the east, they found a
plain in the land of Sennaar, and dwelt in it.
11:3. And each one said to his neighbour: Come let us make
brick, and bake them with fire. And they had brick instead
of stones, and slime instead of mortar:
11:4. And they said: Come, let us make a city and a tower,
the top whereof may reach to heaven; and let us make our
name famous before we be scattered abroad into all lands.
11:5. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower,
which the children of Adam were building.
11:6. And he said: Behold, it is one people, and all have
one tongue: and they have begun to do this, neither will
they leave off from their designs, till they accomplish
them in deed.
11:7. Come ye, therefore, let us go down, and there
confound their tongue, that they may not understand one
11:8. And so the Lord scattered them from that place into
all lands, and they ceased to build the city.
11:9. And therefore the name thereof was called Babel,
because there the language of the whole earth was
confounded: and from thence the Lord scattered them abroad
upon the face of all countries.
Babel... That is, confusion.
11:10. These are the generations of Sem: Sem was a hundred
years old when he begot Arphaxad, two years after the
11:11. And Sem lived after he begot Arphaxad, five hundred
years, and begot sons and daughters.
11:12. And Arphaxad lived thirty-five years, and begot
11:13. And Arphaxad lived after he begot Sale, three
hundred and three years, and begot sons and daughters.
11:14. Sale also lived thirty years, and begot Heber.
11:15. And Sale lived after he begot Heber, four hundred
and three years: and begot sons and daughters.
11:16. And Heber lived thirty-four years, and begot Phaleg.
11:17. And Heber lived after he begot Phaleg, four hundred
and thirty years: and begot sons and daughters.
11:18. Phaleg also lived thirty years, and begot Reu.
11:19. And Phaleg lived after he begot Reu, two hundred and
nine years, and begot sons and daughters.
11:20. And Reu lived thirty-two years, and begot Sarug.
11:21. And Reu lived after he begot Sarug, two hundred and
seven years, and begot sons and daughters.
11:22. And Sarug lived thirty years, and begot Nachor.
11:23. And Sarug lived after he begot Nachor, two hundred
years, and begot sons and daughters.
11:24. And Nachor lived nine and twenty years, and begot
11:25. And Nachor lived after he begot Thare, a hundred and
nineteen years, and begot sons and daughters.
11:26. And Thare lived seventy years, and begot Abram, and
Nachor, and Aran.
11:27. And these are the generations of Thare: Thare begot
Abram, Nachor, and Aran. And Aran begot Lot.
11:28. And Aran died before Thare his father, in the land
of his nativity in Ur of the Chaldees.
11:29. And Abram and Nachor married wives: the name of
Abram's wife was Sarai: and the name of Nachor's wife,
Melcha, the daughter of Aran, father of Melcha and father
11:30. And Sarai was barren, and had no children.
11:31. And Thare took Abram his son, and Lot the son of
Aran, his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, the
wife of Abram his son, and brought them out of Ur of the
Chaldees, to go into the land of Chanaan: and they came as
far as Haran, and dwelt there.
11:32. And the days of Thare were two hundred and five
years, and he died in Haran.
Genesis Chapter 12
The call of Abram, and the promise made to him. He
sojourneth in Chanaan, and then by occasion of a famine,
goeth down to Egypt.
12:1. And the Lord said to Abram: Go forth out of thy
country, and from thy kindred, and out of thy father's
house, and come into the land which I shall shew thee.
12:2. And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will
bless thee, and magnify thy name, and thou shalt be
12:3. I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them
that curse thee, and IN THEE shall all the kindreds of the
earth be blessed.
12:4. So Abram went out as the Lord had commanded him, and
Lot went with him: Abram was seventy-five years old when he
went forth from Haran.
12:5. And he took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's
son, and all the substance which they had gathered, and the
souls which they had gotten in Haran: and they went out to
go into the land of Chanaan. And when they were come into
12:6. Abram passed through the country unto the place of
Sichem, as far as the noble vale: now the Chanaanite was at
that time in the land.
12:7. And the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him: To
thy seed will I give this land. And he built there an altar
to the Lord, who had appeared to him.
12:8. And passing on from thence to a mountain, that was on
the east side of Bethel, he there pitched his tent, having
Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: he built there
also an altar to the Lord, and called upon his name.
12:9. And Abram went forward, going and proceeding on to
12:10. And there came a famine in the country: and Abram
went down into Egypt, to sojourn there: for the famine was
very grievous in the land.
12:11. And when he was near to enter into Egypt, he said to
Sarai his wife: I know that thou art a beautiful woman:
12:12. And that when the Egyptians shall see thee, they
will say: She is his wife: and they will kill me, and keep
12:13. Say, therefore, I pray thee, that thou art my
sister: that I may be well used for thee, and that my soul
may live for thy sake.
My sister... This was no lie; because she was his niece,
being daughter to his brother Aran, and therefore, in the
style of the Hebrews, she might truly be called his
sister, as Lot is called Abram's brother, Gen. 14.14. See
12:14. And when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians
saw the woman that she was very beautiful.
12:15. And the princes told Pharao, and praised her before
him: and the woman was taken into the house of Pharao.
12:16. And they used Abram well for her sake. And he had
sheep and oxen and he asses, and men servants, and maid
servants, and she asses, and camels.
12:17. But the Lord scourged Pharao and his house with most
grievous stripes for Sarai, Abram's wife.
12:18. And Pharao called Abram, and said to him: What is
this that thou hast done to me? Why didst thou not tell me
that she was thy wife?
12:19. For what cause didst thou say, she was thy sister,
that I might take her to my wife? Now therefore there is
thy wife, take her, and go thy way.
12:20. And Pharao gave his men orders concerning Abram: and
they led him away and his wife, and all that he had.
Genesis Chapter 13
Abram and Lot part from each other. God's promise to Abram.
13:1. And Abram went up out of Egypt, he and his wife, and
all that he had, and Lot with him into the south.
13:2. And he was very rich in possession of gold and
13:3. And he returned by the way, that he came, from the
south to Bethel, to the place where before he had pitched
his tent between Bethel and Hai,
13:4. In the place of the altar which he had made before,
and there he called upon the name of the Lord.
13:5. But Lot also, who was with Abram, had flocks of
sheep, and herds of beasts, and tents.
13:6. Neither was the land able to bear them, that they
might dwell together: for their substance was great, and
they could not dwell together.
13:7. Whereupon also there arose a strife between the
herdsmen of Abram and of Lot. And at that time the
Chanaanite and the Pherezite dwelled in that country.
13:8. Abram therefore said to Lot: Let there be no quarrel,
I beseech thee, between me and thee, and between my
herdsmen and thy herdsmen: for we are brethren.
13:9. Behold the whole land is before thee: depart from me,
I pray thee: if thou wilt go to the left hand, I will take
the right: if thou choose the right hand, I will pass to
13:10. And Lot lifting up his eyes, saw all the country
about the Jordan, which was watered throughout, before the
Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrha, as the paradise of the
Lord, and like Egypt as one comes to Segor.
13:11. And Lot chose to himself the country about the
Jordan, and he departed from the east: and they were
separated one brother from the other.
13:12. Abram dwelt in the land of Chanaan: and Lot abode in
the towns, that were about the Jordan, and dwelt in Sodom.
13:13. And the men of Sodom were very wicked, and sinners
before the face of the Lord beyond measure.
13:14. And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot was separated
from him: Lift up thy eyes, and look from the place wherein
thou now art, to the north and to the south, to the east
and to the west.
13:15. All the land which thou seest, I will give to thee,
and to thy seed for ever.
13:16. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth:
if any man be able to number the dust of the earth, he
shall be able to number thy seed also.
13:17. Arise and walk through the land in the length, and
the breadth thereof: for I will give it to thee.
13:18. So Abram removing his tent, came, and dwelt by the
vale of Mambre, which is in Hebron: and he built there an
altar to the Lord.
Genesis Chapter 14
The expedition of the four kings; the victory of Abram; he
is blessed by Melchisedech.
14:1. And it came to pass at that time, that Amraphel, king
of Sennaar, and Arioch, king of Pontus, and Chodorlahomor,
king of the Elamites, and Thadal, king of nations,
14:2. Made war against Bara, king of Sodom, and against
Bersa, king of Gomorrha, and against Sennaab, king of
Adama, and against Semeber, king of Seboim, and against the
king of Bala, which is Segor.
14:3. All these came together into the woodland vale,
which now is the salt sea.
14:4. For they had served Chodorlahomor twelve years, and
in the thirteenth year they revolted from him.
14:5. And in the fourteenth year came Chodorlahomor, and
the kings that were with him: and they smote the Raphaim in
Astarothcarnaim, and the Zuzim with them, and the Emim in
Save of Cariathaim.
14:6. And the Chorreans in the mountains of Seir, even to
the plains of Pharan, which is in the wilderness.
14:7. And they returned, and came to the fountain of
Misphat, the same is Cades: and they smote all the country
of the Amalecites, and the Amorrhean that dwelt in
14:8. And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha, and
the king of Adama, and the king of Seboim, and the king of
Bala, which is Segor, went out: and they set themselves
against them in battle array, in the woodland vale:
14:9. To wit, against Chodorlahomor king of the Elamites,
and Thadal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Sennaar,
and Arioch king of Pontus: four kings against five.
14:10. Now the woodland vale had many pits of slime. And
the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha turned their
backs, and were overthrown there: and they that remained,
fled to the mountain.
Of slime. Bituminis... This was a kind of pitch, which
served for mortar in the building of Babel, Gen. 11.3, and
was used by Noe in pitching the ark.
14:11. And they took all the substance of the Sodomites,
and Gomorrhites, and all their victuals, and went their
14:12. And Lot also, the son of Abram's brother, who dwelt
in Sodom, and his substance.
14:13. And behold one, that had escaped, told Abram the
Hebrew, who dwelt in the vale of Mambre the Amorrhite, the
brother of Escol, and the brother of Aner: for these had
made a league with Abram.
14:14. Which when Abram had heard, to wit, that his brother
Lot was taken, he numbered of the servants born in his
house, three hundred and eighteen, well appointed: and
pursued them to Dan.
14:15. And dividing his company, he rushed upon them in the
night, and defeated them: and pursued them as far as Hoba,
which is on the left hand of Damascus.
14:16. And he brought back all the substance, and Lot his
brother, with his substance, the women also, and the
14:17. And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, after he
returned from the slaughter of Chodorlahomor, and of the
kings that were with him in the vale of Save, which is the
14:18. But Melchisedech, the king of Salem, bringing forth
bread and wine, for he was the priest of the most high God,
14:19. Blessed him, and said: Blessed be Abram by the most
high God, who created heaven and earth.
14:20. And blessed be the most high God, by whose
protection, the enemies are in thy hands. And he gave him
the tithes of all.
14:21. And the king of Sodom said to Abram: Give me the
persons, and the rest take to thyself.
14:22. And he answered him: I lift up my hand to the Lord
God the most high, the possessor of heaven and earth,
14:23. That from the very woofthread unto the shoe latchet,
I will not take of any things that are thine, lest thou
say: I have enriched Abram.
14:24. Except such things as the young men have eaten, and
the shares of the men that came with me, Aner, Escol, and
Mambre: these shall take their shares.
Genesis Chapter 15
God promiseth seed to Abram. His faith, sacrifice and
15:1. Now when these things were done, the word of the Lord
came to Abram by a vision, saying: Fear not, Abram, I am
thy protector, and thy reward exceeding great.
15:2. And Abram said: Lord God, what wilt thou give me? I
shall go without children: and the son of the steward of my
house is this Damascus Eliezer.
15:3. And Abram added: But to me thou hast not given seed:
and lo my servant born in my house, shall be my heir.
15:4. And immediately the word of the Lord came to him,
saying : He shall not be thy heir: but he that shall come
out of thy bowels, him shalt thou have for thy heir.
15:5. And he brought him forth abroad, and said to him:
Look up to heaven and number the stars if thou canst. And
he said to him: So shall thy seed be.
15:6. Abram believed God, and it was reputed to him unto
15:7. And he said to him: I am the Lord who brought thee
out from Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land, and
that thou mightest possess it.
15:8. But he said: Lord God, whereby may I know that I
shall possess it?
15:9. And the Lord answered, and said: Take me a cow of
three years old, and a she goat of three years. and a ram
of three years, a turtle also, and a pigeon.
15:10. And he took all these, and divided them in the
midst, and laid the two pieces of each one against the
other: but the birds he divided not.
15:11. And the fowls came down upon the carcasses, and
Abram drove them away.
15:12. And when the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell upon
Abram, and a great and darksome horror seized upon him.
15:13. And it was said unto him: Know thou beforehand that
thy seed shall be a stranger in a land not their own, and
they shall bring them under bondage, and afflict them four
15:14. But I will judge the nation which they shall serve,
and after this they shall come out with great substance.
15:15. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace, and be
buried in a good old age.
15:16. But in the fourth generation they shall return
hither: for as yet the iniquities of the Amorrhites are not
at the full until this present time.
15:17. And when the sun was set, there arose a dark mist,
and there appeared a smoking furnace, and a lamp of fire
passing between those divisions.
15:18. That day God made a covenant with Abram, saying: To
thy seed will I give this land, from the river to Egypt
even to the great river Euphrates.
15:19. The Cineans, and Cenezites, the Cedmonites,
15:20. And the Hethites, and the Pherezites, the Raphaim
15:21. And the Amorrhites, and the Chanaanites, and the
Gergesites, and the Jebusites.
Genesis Chapter 16
Abram marrieth Agar, who bringeth forth Ismael.
16:1. Now Sarai, the wife of Abram, had brought forth no
children: but having a handmaid, an Egyptian, named Agar,
16:2. She said to her husband: Behold, the Lord hath
restrained me from bearing: go in unto my handmaid, it may
be I may have children of her at least. And when he agreed
to her request,
16:3. She took Agar the Egyptian her handmaid, ten years
after they first dwelt in the land of Chanaan, and gave her
to her husband to wife.
To wife... Plurality of wives, though contrary to the
primitive institution of marriage, Gen. 2.24, was by
divine dispensation allowed to the patriarchs: which
allowance seems to have continued during the time of the
law of Moses. But Christ our Lord reduced marriage to its
primitive institution. Matt. 19.
16:4. And he went in to her. But she perceiving that she
was with child, despised her mistress.
16:5. And Sarai said to Abram: Thou dost unjustly with me:
I gave my handmaid into thy bosom, and she perceiving
herself to be with child, despiseth me. The Lord judge
between me and thee.
16:6. And Abram made answer, and said to her: Behold thy
handmaid is in thy own hand, use her as it pleaseth thee.
And when Sarai afflicted her, she ran away.
16:7. And the angel of the Lord having found her, by a
fountain of water in the wilderness, which is in the way to
Sur in the desert,
16:8. He said to her: Agar, handmaid of Sarai, whence
comest thou? and whither goest thou? And she answered: I
flee from the face of Sarai, my mistress.
16:9. And the angel of the Lord said to her: Return to thy
mistress, and humble thyself under her hand.
16:10. And again he said: I will multiply thy seed
exceedingly, and it shall not be numbered for multitude.
16:11. And again: Behold, said he, thou art with child, and
thou shalt bring forth a son: and thou shalt call his name
Ismael, because the Lord hath heard thy affliction.
16:12. He shall be a wild man: his hand will be against all
men, and all men's hands against him: and he shall pitch
his tents over against all his brethren.
16:13. And she called the name of the Lord that spoke unto
her: Thou the God who hast seen me. For she said: Verily,
here have I seen the hinder parts of him that seeth me.
16:14. Therefore she called that well, the well of him that
liveth and seeth me. The same is between Cades and Barad.
16:15. And Agar brought forth a son to Abram: who called
his name Ismael.
16:16. Abram was four score and six years old when Agar
brought him forth Ismael.
Genesis Chapter 17
The Covenant of circumcision.
17:1. And after he began to be ninety and nine years old,
the Lord appeared to him: and said unto him: I am the
Almighty God: walk before me, and be perfect.
17:2. And I will make my covenant between me and thee: and
I will multiply thee exceedingly.
17:3. Abram fell flat on his face.
17:4. And God said to him: I am, and my covenant is with
thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
17:5. Neither shall thy name be called any more Abram: but
thou shalt be called Abraham: because I have made thee a
father of many nations.
Abram... in the Hebrew, signifies a high father: but
Abraham, the father of the multitude; Sarai signifies my
Lady, but Sara absolutely Lady.
17:6. And I will make thee increase exceedingly, and I will
make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.
17:7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee,
and between thy seed after thee in their generations, by a
perpetual covenant: to be a God to thee, and to thy seed
17:8. And I will give to thee, and to thy seed, the land of
thy sojournment, all the land of Chanaan, for a perpetual
possession, and I will be their God.
17:9. Again God said to Abraham: And thou therefore shalt
keep my covenant, and thy seed after thee in their
17:10. This is my covenant which you shall observe between
me and you, and thy seed after thee: All the male kind of
you shall be circumcised.
17:11. And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin,
that it may be for a sign of the covenant between me and
17:12. An infant of eight days old shall be circumcised
among you, every manchild in your generations: he that is
born in the house, as well as the bought servant, shall be
circumcised, and whosoever is not of your stock:
17:13. And my covenant shall be in your flesh for a
17:14. The male whose flesh of his foreskin shall not be
circumcised, that soul shall be destroyed out of his
people: because he hath broken my covenant.
17:15. God said also to Abraham: Sarai thy wife thou shalt
not call Sarai, but Sara.
17:16. And I will bless her, and of her I will give thee a
son, whom I will bless, and he shall become nations, and
kings of people shall spring from him.
17:17. Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, saying in
his heart: Shall a son, thinkest thou, be born to him that
is a hundred years old? and shall Sara that is ninety years
old bring forth?
17:18. And he said to God: O that Ismael may live before
17:19. And God said to Abraham: Sara thy wife shall bear
thee a son, and thou shalt call his name Isaac, and I will
establish my covenant with him for a perpetual covenant,
and with his seed after him.
17:20. And as for Ismael I have also heard thee. Behold, I
will bless him, and increase, and multiply him exceedingly:
he shall beget twelve chiefs, and I will make him a great
17:21. But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom
Sara shall bring forth to thee at this time in the next
17:22. And when he had left off speaking with him, God went
up from Abraham.
17:23. And Abraham took Ismael his son, and all that were
born in his house: and all whom he had bought, every male
among the men of his house: and he circumcised the flesh of
their foreskin forthwith the very same day, as God had
17:24. Abraham was ninety and nine years old, when he
circumcised the flesh of his foreskin.
17:25. And Ismael his son was full thirteen years old at
the time of his circumcision.
17:26. The selfsame day was Abraham circumcised and Ismael
17:27. And all the men of his house, as well they that were
born in his house, as the bought servants and strangers,
were circumcised with him.
Genesis Chapter 18
Angels are entertained by Abraham. They foretell the birth
of Isaac. Abraham's prayer for the men of Sodom.
18:1. And the Lord appeared to him in the vale of Mambre as
he was sitting at the door of his tent, in the very heat of
18:2. And when he had lifted up his eyes, there appeared to
him three men standing near to him: and as soon as he saw
them, he ran to meet them from the door of his tent, and
adored down to the ground.
18:3. And he said: Lord, if I have found favour in thy
sight, pass not away from thy servant.
18:4. But I will fetch a little water, and wash ye your
feet, and rest ye under the tree.
18:5. And I will set a morsel of bread, and strengthen ye
your heart, afterwards you shall pass on: for therefore are
you come aside to your servant. And they said: Do as thou
18:6. Abraham made haste into the tent to Sara, and said to
her: Make haste, temper together three measures of flour,
and make cakes upon the hearth.
18:7. And he himself ran to the herd, and took from thence
a calf, very tender and very good, and gave it to a young
man, who made haste and boiled it.
18:8. He took also butter and milk, and the calf which he
had boiled, and set before them: but he stood by them under
18:9. And when they had eaten, they said to him: Where is
Sara thy wife? He answered: Lo she is in the tent.
18:10. And he said to him: I will return and come to thee
at this time, life accompanying, and Sara, thy wife, shall
have a son. Which when Sara heard, she laughed behind the
door of the tent.
18:11. Now they were both old, and far advanced in years,
and it had ceased to be with Sara after the manner of
18:12. And she laughed secretly, saying: After I am grown
old, and my lord is an old man, shall I give myself to
18:13. And the Lord said to Abraham: Why did Sara laugh,
saying: Shall I, who am an old woman, bear a child indeed?
18:14. Is there any thing hard to God? According to
appointment I will return to thee at this same time, life
accompanying, and Sara shall have a son.
18:15. Sara denied, saying: I did not laugh: for she was
afraid. But the Lord said: Nay; but thou didst laugh.
18:16. And when the men rose up from thence, they turned
their eyes towards Sodom: and Abraham walked with them,
bringing them on the way.
18:17. And the Lord said: Can I hide from Abraham what I am
about to do:
18:18. Seeing he shall become a great and mighty nation,
and in him all the nations of the earth shall be blessed?
18:19. For I know that he will command his children, and
his household after him, to keep the way of the Lord, and
do judgment and justice: that for Abraham's sake, the Lord
may bring to effect all the things he hath spoken unto him.
18:20. And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorrha is
multiplied, and their sin is become exceedingly grievous.
18:21. I will go down and see whether they have done
according to the cry that is come to me; or whether it be
not so, that I may know.
I will go down, etc... The Lord here accommodates his
discourse to the way of speaking and acting amongst men;
for he knoweth all things, and needeth not to go anywhere
for information. Note here, that two of the three angels
went away immediately for Sodom; whilst the third, who
represented the Lord, remained with Abraham.
18:22. And they turned themselves from thence, and went
their way to Sodom: but Abraham as yet stood before the
18:23. And drawing nigh, he said: Wilt thou destroy the
just with the wicked?
18:24. If there be fifty just men in the city, shall they
perish withal? and wilt thou not spare that place for the
sake of the fifty just, if they be therein?
18:25. Far be it from thee to do this thing, and to slay
the just with the wicked, and for the just to be in like
case as the wicked; this is not beseeming thee: thou who
judgest all the earth, wilt not make this judgment.
18:26. And the Lord said to him: If I find in Sodom fifty
just within the city, I will spare the whole place for
18:27. And Abraham answered, and said: Seeing I have once
begun, I will speak to my Lord, whereas I am dust and
18:28. What if there be five less than fifty just persons?
wilt thou for five and forty destroy the whole city: And he
said: I will not destroy it, if I find five and forty.
18:29. And again he said to him: But if forty be found
there, what wilt thou do? He said: I will not destroy it
for the sake of forty.
18:30. Lord, saith he, be not angry, I beseech thee, if I
speak: What if thirty shall be found there? He answered: I
will not do it, if I find thirty there.
18:31. Seeing, saith he, I have once begun, I will speak to
my Lord: What if twenty be found there? He said: I will not
destroy it for the sake of twenty.
18:32. I beseech thee, saith he, be not angry, Lord, if I
speak yet once more: What if ten shall be found there? And
he said: I will not destroy it for the sake of ten.
18:33. And the Lord departed, after he had left speaking to
Abraham: and Abraham returned to his place.
Genesis Chapter 19
Lot, entertaining Angels in his house, is delivered from
Sodom, which is destroyed: his wife for looking back is
turned into a statue of salt.
19:1. And the two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and
Lot was sitting in the gate of the city. And seeing them,
he rose up and went to meet them: and worshipped prostrate
to the ground.
19:2. And said: I beseech you, my lords, turn in to the
house of your servant, and lodge there: wash your feet, and
in the morning you shall go on your way. And they said: No,
but we will abide in the street.
19:3. He pressed them very much to turn in unto him: and
when they were come into his house, he made them a feast,
and baked unleavened bread, and they ate:
19:4. But before they went to bed, the men of the city
beset the house, both young and old, all the people
19:5. And they called Lot, and said to him: Where are the
men that came in to thee at night? bring them out hither,
that we may know them:
19:6. Lot went out to them, and shut the door after him,
19:7. Do not so, I beseech you, my brethren, do not commit
19:8. I have two daughters who, as yet, have not known man;
I will bring them out to you, and abuse you them as it
shall please you, so that you do no evil to these men,
because they are come in under the shadow of my roof.
19:9. But they said: Get thee back thither. And again: Thou
camest in, said they, as a stranger, was it to be a judge?
therefore we will afflict thee more than them. And they
pressed very violently upon Lot: and they were even at the
point of breaking open the doors.
19:10. And behold the men put out their hand, and drew in
Lot unto them, and shut the door.
19:11. And them, that were without, they struck with
blindness from the least to the greatest, so that they
could not find the door.
19:12. And they said to Lot: Hast thou here any of thine?
son in law, or sons, or daughters, all that are thine bring
them out of this city:
19:13. For we will destroy this place, because their cry is
grown loud before the Lord, who hath sent us to destroy
19:14. So Lot went out, and spoke to his sons in law that
were to have his daughters, and said: Arise: get you out of
this place, because the Lord will destroy this city. And he
seemed to them to speak as it were in jest.
19:15. And when it was morning, the angels pressed him,
saying: Arise, take thy wife, and the two daughters that
thou hast: lest thou also perish in the wickedness of the
19:16. And as he lingered, they took his hand, and the hand
of his wife, and of his two daughters, because the Lord
19:17. And they brought him forth, and set him without the
city: and there they spoke to him, saying: Save thy life:
look not back, neither stay thou in all the country about:
but save thy self in the mountain, lest thou be also
19:18. And Lot said to them: I beseech thee, my Lord,
19:19. Because thy servant hath found grace before thee,
and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewn to
me, in saving my life, and I cannot escape to the mountain,
lest some evil seize me, and I die.
19:20. There is this city here at hand, to which I may
flee, it is a little one, and I shall be saved in it: is it
not a little one, and my soul shall live?
19:21. And he said to him: Behold also in this, I have
heard thy prayers, not to destroy the city for which thou
19:22. Make haste, and be saved there: because I cannot do
any thing till thou go in thither. Therefore the name of
that city was called Segor.
Segor... That is, a little one.
19:23. The sun was risen upon the earth, and Lot entered
19:24. And the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrha
brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven.
19:25. And he destroyed these cities, and all the country
about, all the inhabitants of the cities, and all things
that spring from the earth.
19:26. And his wife looking behind her, was turned into a
statue of salt.
And his wife... As a standing memorial to the servants of
God to proceed in virtue, and not to look back to vice or
19:27. And Abraham got up early in the morning, and in the
place where he had stood before with the Lord:
19:28. He looked towards Sodom and Gomorrha, and the whole
land of that country: and he saw the ashes rise up from the
earth as the smoke of a furnace.
19:29. Now when God destroyed the cities of that country,
remembering Abraham, he delivered Lot out of the
destruction of the cities wherein he had dwelt.
19:30. And Lot went up out of Segor, and abode in the
mountain, and his two daughters with him (for he was afraid
to stay in Segor) and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two
daughters with him.
19:31. And the elder said to the younger: Our father is
old, and there is no man left on the earth, to come in unto
us after the manner of the whole earth.
19:32. Come, let us make him drunk with wine, and let us
lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
19:33. And they made their father drink wine that night:
and the elder went in, and lay with her father: but he
perceived not, neither when his daughter lay down, nor when
she rose up.
19:34. And the next day the elder said to the younger:
Behold I lay last night with my father, let us make him
drink wine also to night, and thou shalt lie with him, that
we may save seed of our father.
19:35. They made their father drink wine that night also,
and the younger daughter went in, and lay with him: and
neither then did he perceive when she lay down, nor when
she rose up.
19:36. So the two daughters of Lot were with child by their
19:37. And the elder bore a son, and she called his name
Moab: he is the father of the Moabites unto this day.
19:38. The younger also bore a son, and she called his name
Ammon; that is, the son of my people: he is the father of
the Ammonites unto this day.
Genesis Chapter 20
Abraham sojourned in Gerara: Sara is taken into king
Abimelech's house, but by God's commandment is restored
20:1. Abraham removed from thence to the south country, and
dwelt between Cades and Sur, and sojourned in Gerara.
20:2. And he said of Sara his wife: She is my sister. So
Abimelech the king of Gerara sent, and took her.
20:3. And God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and he
said to him: Lo thou shalt die for the woman that thou hast
taken: for she hath a husband.
20:4. Now Abimelech had not touched her, and he said: Lord,
wilt thou slay a nation that is ignorant and just?
20:5. Did not he say to me: She is my sister: and she say,
He is my brother? in the simplicity of my heart, and
cleanness of my hands have I done this.
20:6. And God said to him: And I know that thou didst it
with a sincere heart: and therefore I withheld thee from
sinning against me, and I suffered thee not to touch her.
20:7. Now therefore restore the man his wife, for he is a
prophet: and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live:
but if thou wilt not restore her, know that thou shalt
surely die, thou and all that are thine.
20:8. And Abimelech forthwith rising up in the night,
called all his servants: and spoke all these words in their
hearing, and all the men were exceedingly afraid.
20:9. And Abimelech called also for Abraham, and said to
him: What hast thou done to us? what have we offended thee
in, that thou hast brought upon me and upon my kingdom a
great sin? thou hast done to us what thou oughtest not to
20:10. And again he expostulated with him, and said: What
sawest thou, that thou hast done this?
20:11. Abraham answered: I thought with myself, saying:
Perhaps there is not the fear of God in this place: and
they will kill me for the sake of my wife:
20:12. Howbeit, otherwise also she is truly my sister, the
daughter of my father, and not the daughter of my mother,
and I took her to wife.
20:13. And after God brought me out of my father's house, I
said to her: Thou shalt do me this kindness: In every
place, to which we shall come, thou shalt say that I am thy
20:14. And Abimelech took sheep and oxen, and servants and
handmaids, and gave to Abraham: and restored to him Sara
20:15. And said: The land is before you, dwell wheresoever
it shall please thee.
20:16. And to Sara he said: Behold I have given thy brother
a thousand pieces of silver, this shall serve thee for a
covering of thy eyes to all that are with thee, and
whithersoever thou shalt go: and remember thou wast taken.
20:17. And when Abraham prayed, God healed Abimelech and
his wife, and his handmaids, and they bore children:
20:18. For the Lord had closed up every womb of the house
of Abimelech, on account of Sara, Abraham's wife.
Genesis Chapter 21
Isaac is born. Agar and Ismael are cast forth.
21:1. And the Lord visited Sara, as he had promised: and
fulfilled what he had spoken.
21:2. And she conceived and bore a son in her old age, at
the time that God had foretold her.
21:3. And Abraham called the name of his son, whom Sara
bore him, Isaac.
Isaac... This word signifies laughter.
21:4. And he circumcised him the eighth day, as God had
21:5. When he was a hundred years old: for at this age of
his father, was Isaac born.
21:6. And Sara said: God hath made a laughter for me:
whosoever shall hear of it will laugh with me.
21:7. And again she said: Who would believe that Abraham
should hear that Sara gave suck to a son, whom she bore to
him in his old age?
21:8. And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made
a great feast on the day of his weaning.
21:9. And when Sara had seen the son of Agar, the Egyptian,
playing with Isaac, her son, she said to Abraham:
21:10. Cast out this bondwoman and her son; for the son of
the bondwoman shall not be heir with my son Isaac.
21:11. Abraham took this grievously for his son.
21:12. And God said to him: Let it not seem grievous to
thee for the boy, and for thy bondwoman: in all that Sara
hath said to thee, hearken to her voice: for in Isaac shall
thy seed be called.
21:13. But I will make the son also of the bondwoman a
great nation, because he is thy seed.
21:14. So Abraham rose up in the morning, and taking bread
and a bottle of water, put it upon her shoulder, and
delivered the boy, and sent her away. And she departed, and
wandered in the wilderness of Bersabee.
21:15. And when the water in the bottle was spent, she cast
the boy under one of the trees that were there.
21:16. And she went her way, and sat overagainst him a
great way off, as far as a bow can carry, for she said: I
will not see the boy die: and sitting overagainst, she
lifted up her voice and wept.
21:17. And God heard the voice of the boy: and an angel of
God called to Agar from heaven, saying: What art thou
doing, Agar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the
boy, from the place wherein he is.
21:18. Arise, take up the boy, and hold him by the hand,
for I will make him a great nation.
21:19. And God opened her eyes: and she saw a well of
water, and went and filled the bottle, and gave the boy to
21:20. And God was with him: and he grew, and dwelt in the
wilderness, and became a young man, an archer.
21:21. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Pharan, and his
mother took a wife for him out of the land of Egypt.
21:22. At the same time Abimelech, and Phicol the general
of his army, said to Abraham: God is with thee in all that
21:23. Swear therefore by God, that thou wilt not hurt me,
nor my posterity, nor my stock: but according to the
kindness that I have done to thee, thou shalt do to me, and
to the land wherein thou hast lived a stranger.
21:24. And Abraham said: I will swear.
21:25. And he reproved Abimelech for a well of water, which
his servants had taken away by force.
21:26. And Abimelech answered: I knew not who did this
thing: and thou didst not tell me, and I heard not of it
21:27. Then Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them to
Abimelech: and both of them made a league.
21:28. And Abraham set apart seven ewelambs of the flock.
21:29. And Abimelech said to him: What mean these seven
ewelambs which thou hast set apart?
21:30. But he said: Thou shalt take seven ewelambs at my
hand: that they may be a testimony for me, that I dug this
21:31. Therefore that place was called Bersabee; because
there both of them did swear.
Bersabee... That is, the well of oath.
21:32. And they made a league for the well of oath.
21:33. And Abimelech and Phicol, the general of his army,
arose and returned to the land of the Palestines. But
Abraham planted a grove in Bersabee, and there called upon
the name of the Lord God eternal.
21:34. And he was a sojourner in the land of the Palestines
Genesis Chapter 22
The faith and obedience of Abraham is proved in his
readiness to sacrifice his son Isaac. He is stayed from the
act by an angel. Former promises are renewed to him. His
brother Nachor's issue.
22:1. After these things, God tempted Abraham, and said to
him: Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: Here I am.
God tempted, etc... God tempteth no man to evil,
James 1.13; but by trial and experiment maketh known to
the world, and to ourselves, what we are, as here by this
trial the singular faith and obedience of Abraham was made
22:2. He said to him: Take thy only begotten son Isaac,
whom thou lovest, and go into the land of vision; and there
thou shalt offer him for an holocaust upon one of the
mountains which I will shew thee.
22:3. So Abraham rising up in the night, saddled his ass,
and took with him two young men, and Isaac his son: and
when he had cut wood for the holocaust, he went his way to
the place which God had commanded him.
22:4. And on the third day, lifting up his eyes, he saw the
place afar off.
22:5. And he said to his young men: Stay you here with the
ass; I and the boy will go with speed as far as yonder, and
after we have worshipped, will return to you.
22:6. And he took the wood for the holocaust, and laid it
upon Isaac his son; and he himself carried in his hands
fire and a sword. And as they two went on together,
22:7. Isaac said to his father: My father. And he answered:
What wilt thou, son? Behold, saith he, fire and wood: where
is the victim for the holocaust?
22:8. And Abraham said: God will provide himself a victim
for an holocaust, my son. So they went on together.
22:9. And they came to the place which God had shewn him,
where he built an altar, and laid the wood in order upon
it; and when he had bound Isaac his son, he laid him on the
altar upon the pile of wood.
22:10. And he put forth his hand, and took the sword, to
sacrifice his son.
22:11. And behold, an angel of the Lord from heaven called
to him, saying: Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: Here I
22:12. And he said to him: Lay not thy hand upon the boy,
neither do thou any thing to him: now I know that thou
fearest God, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for
22:13. Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw behind his back
a ram, amongst the briers, sticking fast by the horns,
which he took and offered for a holocaust instead of his
22:14. And he called the name of that place, The Lord
seeth. Whereupon, even to this day, it is said: In the
mountain the Lord will see.
22:15. And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second
time from heaven, saying:
22:16. By my own self have I sworn, saith the Lord: because
thou hast done this thing, and hast not spared thy only
begotten son for my sake:
22:17. I will bless thee, and I will multiply thy seed as
the stars of heaven, and as the sand that is by the sea
shore; thy seed shall possess the gates of their enemies.
22:18. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth
be blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice.
22:19. Abraham returned to his young men, and they went to
Bersabee together, and he dwelt there.
22:20. After these things, it was told Abraham, that Melcha
also had borne children to Nachor his brother.
22:21. Hus, the firstborn, and Buz, his brother, and Camuel
the father of the Syrians,
22:22. And Cased, and Azau, and Pheldas, and Jedlaph,
22:23. And Bathuel, of whom was born Rebecca: these eight
did Melcha bear to Nachor, Abraham's brother.
22:24. And his concubine, named Roma, bore Tabee, and
Gaham, and Tahas, and Maacha.
Genesis Chapter 23
Sara's death and burial in the field bought of Ephron.
23:1. And Sara lived a hundred and twenty-seven years.
23:2. And she died in the city of Arbee which is Hebron, in
the land of Chanaan: and Abraham came to mourn and weep for
23:3. And after he rose up from the funeral obsequies, he
spoke to the children of Heth, saying:
23:4. I am a stranger and sojourner among you: give me the
right of a burying place with you, that I may bury my dead.
23:5. The children of Heth answered, saying:
23:6. My lord, hear us, thou art a prince of God among us:
bury thy dead in our principal sepulchres: and no man shall
have power to hinder thee from burying thy dead in his
23:7. Abraham rose up, and bowed down to the people of
the land, to wit, the children of Heth:
Bowed down to the people... Adoravit, literally adored.
But this word here, as well as in many other places in the
Latin scriptures, is used to signify only an inferior
honour and reverence paid to men, expressed by a bowing
down of the body.
23:8. And said to them: If it please your soul that I
should bury my dead, hear me, and intercede for me to
Ephron the son of Seor.
23:9. That he may give me the double cave, which he hath in
the end of his field: For as much money as it is worth he
shall give it me before you, for a possession of a burying
23:10. Now Ephron dwelt in the midst of the children of
Heth. And Ephron made answer to Abraham in the hearing of
all that went in at the gate of the city, saying:
23:11. Let it not be so, my lord, but do thou rather
hearken to what I say: The field I deliver to thee, and the
cave that is therein; in the presence of the children of my
people, bury thy dead.
23:12. Abraham bowed down before the people of the land.
23:13. And he spoke to Ephron, in the presence of the
people: I beseech thee to hear me: I will give money for
the field; take it, and so will I bury my dead in it.
23:14. And Ephron answered:
23:15. My lord, hear me. The ground which thou desirest, is
worth four hundred sicles of silver: this is the price
between me and thee: but what is this? bury thy dead.
23:16. And when Abraham had heard this, he weighed out the
money that Ephron had asked, in the hearing of the children
of Heth, four hundred sicles of silver, of common current
23:17. And the field that before was Ephron's, wherein was
the double cave, looking towards Mambre, both it and the
cave, and all the trees thereof, in all its limits round
23:18. Was made sure to Abraham for a possession, in the
sight of the children of Heth, and of all that went in at
the gate of his city.
23:19. And so Abraham buried Sara, his wife, in the double
cave of the field, that looked towards Mambre, this is
Hebron in the land of Chanaan.
23:20. And the field was made sure to Abraham, and the cave
that was in it, for a possession to bury in, by the
children of Heth.
Genesis Chapter 24
Abraham's servant, sent by him into Mesopotamia, bringeth
from thence Rebecca, who is married to Isaac.
24:1. Now Abraham was old, and advanced in age; and the
Lord had blessed him in all things.
24:2. And he said to the elder servant of his house, who
was ruler over all he had: Put thy hand under my thigh,
24:3. That I may make thee swear by the Lord, the God of
heaven and earth, that thou take not a wife for my son, of
the daughters of the Chanaanites, among whom I dwell:
24:4. But that thou go to my own country and kindred, and
take a wife from thence for my son Isaac.
24:5. The servant answered: If the woman will not come with
me into this land, must I bring thy son back again to the
place from whence thou camest out?
24:6. And Abraham said: Beware thou never bring my son back
24:7. The Lord God of heaven, who took me out of my
father's house, and out of my native country, who spoke to
me, and swore to me, saying: To thy seed will I give this
land: he will send his angel before thee, and thou shalt
take from thence a wife for my son.
He will send his angel before thee... This shows that the
Hebrews believed that God gave them guardian angels for
24:8. But if the woman will not follow thee, thou shalt not
be bound by the oath: only bring not my son back thither
24:9. The servant, therefore, put his hand under the thigh
of Abraham, his lord, and swore to him upon his word.
24:10. And he took ten camels of his master's herd, and
departed, carrying something of all his goods with him, and
he set forward and went on to Mesopotamia, to the city of
24:11. And when he had made the camels lie down without the
town, near a well of water, in the evening, at the time
when women are wont to come out to draw water, he said:
24:12. O Lord, the God of my master, Abraham, meet me
today, I beseech thee, and shew kindness to my master,
24:13. Behold, I stand nigh the spring of water, and the
daughters of the inhabitants of this city will come out to
24:14. Now, therefore, the maid to whom I shall say: Let
down thy pitcher that I may drink: and she shall answer,
Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also: let it be the
same whom thou hast provided for thy servant Isaac: and by
this, I shall understand that thou hast shewn kindness to
24:15. He had not yet ended these words within himself, and
behold Rebecca came out, the daughter of Bathuel, son of
Melcha, wife to Nachor the brother of Abraham, having a
pitcher on her shoulder:
24:16. An exceeding comely maid, and a most beautiful
virgin, and not known to man: and she went down to the
spring, and filled her pitcher, and was coming back.
24:17. And the servant ran to meet her, and said: Give me
a little water to drink of thy pitcher.
24:18. And she answered: Drink, my lord. And quickly she
let down the pitcher upon her arm, and gave him drink.
24:19. And when he had drunk, she said: I will draw water
for thy camels also, till they all drink.
24:20. And pouring out the pitcher into the troughs, she
ran back to the well to draw water; and having drawn, she
gave to all the camels.
24:21. But he musing, beheld her with silence, desirous to
know whether the Lord had made his journey prosperous or
24:22. And after that the camels had drunk, the man took
out golden earrings, weighing two sicles; and as many
bracelets, of ten sicles weight.
24:23. And he said to her: Whose daughter art thou? tell
me: is there any place in thy father's house to lodge?
24:24. And she answered: I am the daughter of Bathuel, the
son of Melcha, whom she bore to Nachor.
24:25. And she said, moreover, to him: We have good store
of both straw and hay, and a large place to lodge in.
24:26. The man bowed himself down, and adored the Lord,
24:27. Saying: Blessed be the Lord God of my master
Abraham, who hath not taken away his mercy and truth from
my master, and hath brought me the straight way into the
house of my master's brother.
24:28. Then the maid ran, and told in her mother's house
all that she had heard.
24:29. And Rebecca had a brother, named Laban, who went out
in haste to the man, to the well.
24:30. And when he had seen the earrings and bracelets in
his sister's hands, and had heard all that she related,
saying, Thus and thus the man spoke to me: he came to the
man who stood by the camels, and near to the spring of
24:31. And said to him: Come in, thou blessed of the Lord;
why standest thou without? I have prepared the house, and a
place for the camels.
24:32. And he brought him into his lodging; and he
unharnessed the camels, and gave straw and hay, and water
to wash his feet, and the feet of the men that were come
24:33. And bread was set before him. But he said: I will
not eat, till I tell my message. He answered him: Speak.
24:34. And he said: I am the servant of Abraham:
24:35. And the Lord hath blessed my master wonderfully, and
he is become great: and he hath given him sheep and oxen,
silver and gold, men servants and women servants, camels
24:36. And Sara, my master's wife, hath borne my master a
son in her old age, and he hath given him all that he had.
24:37. And my master made me swear, saying: Thou shalt not
take a wife for my son of the Chanaanites, in whose land I
24:38. But thou shalt go to my father's house, and shalt
take a wife of my own kindred for my son:
24:39. But I answered my master: What if the woman will not
come with me?
24:40. The Lord, said he, in whose sight I walk, will send
his angel with thee, and will direct thy way: and thou
shalt take a wife for my son of my own kindred, and of my
24:41. But thou shalt be clear from my curse, when thou
shalt come to my kindred, if they will not give thee one.
24:42. And I came today to the well of water, and said: O
Lord God of my master, Abraham, if thou hast prospered my
way, wherein I now walk,
24:43. Behold, I stand by the well of water, and the
virgin, that shall come out to draw water, who shall hear
me say: Give me a little water to drink of thy pitcher:
24:44. And shall say to me: Both drink thou, and I will
also draw for thy camels: let the same be the woman, whom
the Lord hath prepared for my master's son.
24:45. And whilst I pondered these things secretly with
myself, Rebecca appeared, coming with a pitcher, which she
carried on her shoulder: and she went down to the well and
drew water. And I said to her: Give me a little to drink.
24:46. And she speedily let down the pitcher from her
shoulder, and said to me: Both drink thou, and to thy
camels I will give drink. I drank, and she watered the
24:47. And I asked her, and said: Whose daughter art thou?
And she answered: I am the daughter of Bathuel, the son of
Nachor, whom Melcha bore to him. So I put earrings on her
to adorn her face, and I put bracelets on her hands.
24:48. And falling down, I adored the Lord, blessing the
Lord God of my master, Abraham, who hath brought me the
straight way to take the daughter of my master's brother
for his son.
24:49. Wherefore, if you do according to mercy and truth
with my master, tell me: but if it please you otherwise,
tell me that also, that I may go to the right hand, or to
24:50. And Laban and Bathuel answered: The word hath
proceeded from the Lord: we cannot speak any other thing to
thee but his pleasure.
24:51. Behold, Rebecca is before thee, take her and go thy
way, and let her be the wife of thy master's son, as the
Lord hath spoken.
24:52. Which when Abraham's servant heard, falling down to
the ground, he adored the Lord.
24:53. And bringing forth vessels of silver and gold, and
garments, he gave them to Rebecca, for a present. He
offered gifts also to her brothers, and to her mother.
24:54. And a banquet was made, and they ate and drank
together, and lodged there. And in the morning, the servant
arose, and said: Let me depart, that I may go to my master.
24:55. And her brother and mother answered: Let the maid
stay, at least, ten days with us, and afterwards she shall
24:56. Stay me not, said he, because the Lord hath
prospered my way: send me away, that I may go to my master.
24:57. And they said: Let us call the maid, and ask her
Let us call the maid, and ask her will... Not as to her
marriage, as she had already consented, but of her
quitting her parents and going to her husband.
24:58. And they called her, and when she was come, they
asked: Wilt thou go with this man? She said: I will go.
24:59. So they sent her away, and her nurse, and Abraham's
servant, and his company.
24:60. Wishing prosperity to their sister, and saying: Thou
art our sister, mayst thou increase to thousands of
thousands; and may thy seed possess the gates of their
24:61. So Rebecca and her maids, being set upon camels,
followed the man: who with speed returned to his master.
24:62. At the same time, Isaac was walking along the way to
the well which is called Of the living and the seeing: for
he dwelt in the south country:
24:63. And he was gone forth to meditate in the field, the
day being now well spent: and when he had lifted up his
eyes, he saw camels coming afar off.
24:64. Rebecca also, when she saw Isaac, lighted off the
24:65. And said to the servant: Who is that man who cometh
towards us along the field? And he said to her: That man is
my master. But she quickly took her cloak, and covered
24:66. And the servant told Isaac all that he had done.
24:67. Who brought her into the tent of Sara his mother,
and took her to wife: and he loved her so much, that it
moderated the sorrow which was occasioned by his mother's
Genesis Chapter 25
Abraham's children by Cetura; his death and that of Ismael.
Isaac hath Esau and Jacob twins. Esau selleth his first
birthright to Jacob.
25:1. And Abraham married another wife named Cetura:
25:2. Who bore him Zamram, and Jecsan, and Madan, and
Madian, and Jesboc, and Sue.
25:3. Jecsan also begot Saba, and Dadan. The children of
Dadan were Assurim, and Latusim, and Loomim.
25:4. But of Madian was born Epha, and Opher, and Henoch,
and Abida, and Eldaa: all these were the children of
25:5. And Abraham gave all his possessions to Isaac:
25:6. And to the children of the concubines he gave gifts,
and separated them from Isaac his son, while he yet lived,
to the east country.
Concubines... Agar and Cetura are here called concubines,
(though they were lawful wives, and in other places are so
called,) because they were of an inferior degree, and such
in scripture are usually called concubines.
25:7. And the days of Abraham's life were a hundred and
25:8. And decaying he died in a good old age, and having
lived a long time, and being full of days: and was gathered
to his people.
25:9. And Isaac and Ismael his sons buried him in the
double cave, which was situated in the field of Ephron the
son of Seor the Hethite, over against Mambre,
25:10. Which he had bought of the children of Heth: there
was he buried, and Sara his wife.
25:11. And after his death, God blessed Isaac his son, who
dwelt by the well named Of the living and seeing.
25:12. These are the generations of Ismael the son of
Abraham, whom Agar the Egyptian, Sara's servant, bore unto
25:13. And these are the names of his children according to
their calling and generations. The firstborn of Ismael was
Nabajoth, then Cedar, and Adbeel, and Mabsam,
25:14. And Masma, and Duma, and Massa,
25:15. Hadar, and Thema, and Jethur, and Naphis, and Cedma.
25:16. These are the sons of Ismael: and these are their
names by their castles and towns, twelve princes of their
25:17. And the years of Ismael's life were a hundred and
thirty-seven, and decaying he died, and was gathered unto
25:18. And he dwelt from Hevila as far as Sur, which
looketh towards Egypt, to them that go towards the
Assyrians. He died in the presence of all his brethren.
25:19. These also are the generations of Isaac the son of
Abraham: Abraham begot Isaac:
25:20. Who when he was forty years old, took to wife
Rebecca the daughter of Bathuel the Syrian of Mesopotamia,
sister to Laban.
25:21. And Isaac besought the Lord for his wife, because
she was barren: and he heard him, and made Rebecca to
25:22. But the children struggled in her womb, and she
said: If it were to be so with me, what need was there to
conceive? And she went to consult the Lord.
25:23. And he answering, said: Two nations are in thy womb,
and two peoples shall be divided out of thy womb, and one
people shall overcome the other, and the elder shall serve
25:24. And when her time was come to be delivered, behold
twins were found in her womb.
25:25. He that came forth first was red, and hairy like a
skin: and his name was called Esau. Immediately the other
coming forth, held his brother's foot in his hand: and
therefore he was called Jacob.
25:26. Isaac was threescore years old when the children
were born unto him.
25:27. And when they were grown up, Esau became a skilful
hunter, and a husbandman: but Jacob, a plain man, dwelt in
25:28. Isaac loved Esau, because he ate of his hunting: and
Rebecca loved Jacob.
25:29. And Jacob boiled pottage: to whom Esau, coming faint
out of the field,
25:30. Said: Give me of this red pottage, for I am
exceeding faint. For which reason his name was called Edom.
25:31. And Jacob said to him: Sell me thy first birthright.
25:32. He answered: Lo I die, what will the first
birthright avail me?
25:33. Jacob said: Swear therefore to me. Esau swore to
him, and sold his first birthright.
25:34. And so taking bread and the pottage of lentils, he
ate, and drank, and went on his way; making little account
of having sold his first birthright.
Genesis Chapter 26
Isaac sojourneth in Gerara, where God reneweth to him the
promise made to Abraham. King Abimelech maketh league with
26:1. And when a famine came in the land, after that
barrenness which had happened in the days of Abraham, Isaac
went to Abimelech, king of the Palestines, to Gerara.
26:2. And the Lord appeared to him, and said: Go not down
into Egypt, but stay in the land that I shall tell thee.
26:3. And sojourn in it, and I will be with thee, and will
bless thee: for to thee and to thy seed I will give all
these countries, to fulfil the oath which I swore to
Abraham thy father.
26:4. And I will multiply thy seed like the stars of
heaven: and I will give to thy posterity all these
countries: and in thy seed shall all the nations of the
earth be blessed.
26:5. Because Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my precepts
and commandments, and observed my ceremonies and laws.
26:6. So Isaac abode in Gerara.
26:7. And when he was asked by the men of that place,
concerning his wife, he answered: She is my sister: for he
was afraid to confess that she was his wife, thinking lest
perhaps they would kill him because of her beauty.
26:8. And when very many days were passed, and he abode
there, Abimelech, king of the Palestines, looking out
through a window, saw him playing with Rebecca, his wife.
26:9. And calling for him, he said: It is evident she is
thy wife: why didst thou feign her to be thy sister? He
answered: I feared lest I should die for her sake.
26:10. And Abimelech said: Why hast thou deceived us? Some
man of the people might have lain with thy wife, and thou
hadst brought upon us a great sin. And he commanded all the
26:11. He that shall touch this man's wife, shall surely be
put to death.
26:12. And Isaac sowed in that land, and he found that same
year a hundredfold: and the Lord blessed him.
26:13. And the man was enriched, and he went on prospering
and increasing, till he became exceeding great.
26:14. And he had possessions of sheep and of herds, and a
very great family. Wherefore the Palestines envying him,
26:15. Stopped up at that time all the wells, that the
servants of his father, Abraham, had digged, filling them
up with earth:
26:16. Insomuch that Abimelech himself said to Isaac:
Depart from us, for thou art become much mightier than we.
26:17. So he departed, and came to the torrent of Gerara,
to dwell there:
26:18. And he digged again other wells, which the servants
of his father, Abraham, had digged, and which, after his
death, the Philistines had of old stopped up: and he called
them by the same names, by which his father before had
26:19. And they digged in the torrent, and found living
Torrent... That is, a channel where sometimes a torrent or
violent stream had run.
26:20. But there also the herdsmen of Gerara strove against
the herdsmen of Isaac, saying: It is our water. Wherefore
he called the name of the well, on occasion of that which
had happened, Calumny.
26:21. And they digged also another; and for that they
quarrelled likewise, and he called the name of it, Enmity.
26:22. Going forward from thence, he digged another well,
for which they contended not; therefore he called the name
thereof, Latitude, saying: Now hath the Lord given us room,
and made us to increase upon the earth.
Latitude... That is, wideness, or room.
26:23. And he went up from that place to Bersabee,
26:24. Where the Lord appeared to him that same night,
saying: I am the God of Abraham thy father, do not fear,
for I am with thee: I will bless thee, and multiply thy
seed for my servant Abraham's sake.
26:25. And he built there an altar: and called upon the
name of the Lord, and pitched his tent; and commanded his
servants to dig a well.
26:26. To which place when Abimelech, and Ochozath his
friend, and Phicol chief captain of his soldiers, came from
26:27. Isaac said to them: Why are ye come to me, a man
whom you hate, and have thrust out from you?
26:28. And they answered: We saw that the Lord is with
thee, and therefore we said: Let there be an oath between
us, and let us make a covenant,
26:29. That thou do us no harm, as we on our part have
touched nothing of thine, nor have done any thing to hurt
thee; but with peace have sent thee away, increased with
the blessing of the Lord.
26:30. And he made them a feast, and after they had eaten
26:31. Arising in the morning, they swore one to another:
and Isaac sent them away peaceably to their own home.
26:32. And behold, the same day the servants of Isaac came,
telling him of a well which they had digged, and saying: We
have found water.
26:33. Whereupon he called it Abundance: and the name of
the city was called Bersabee, even to this day.
26:34. And Esau being forty years old, married wives,
Judith, the daughter of Beeri, the Hethite, and Basemath,
the daughter of Elon, of the same place.
26:35. And they both offended the mind of Isaac and
Genesis Chapter 27
Jacob, by him mother's counsel, obtaineth his father's
blessing instead of Esau. And by her is advised to fly to
his uncle Laban.
27:1. Now Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, and he
could not see: and he called Esau, his elder son, and said
to him: My son? And he answered: Here I am.
27:2. And his father said to him, Thou seest that I am old,
and know not the day of my death.
27:3. Take thy arms, thy quiver, and bow, and go abroad;
and when thou hast taken something by hunting,
27:4. Make me a savoury meat thereof, as thou knowest I
like, and bring it that I may eat: and my soul may bless
thee, before I die.
27:5. And when Rebecca had heard this, and he was gone into
the field to fulfil his father's commandment,
27:6. She said to her son Jacob: I heard thy father talking
with Esau, thy brother, and saying to him:
27:7. Bring me of thy hunting, and make me meats that I may
eat, and bless thee in the sight of the Lord, before I die.
27:8. Now therefore, my son, follow my counsel:
27:9. And go thy way to the flock, bring me two kids of the
best, that I may make of them meat for thy father, such as
he gladly eateth.
27:10. Which when thou hast brought in, and he hath eaten,
he may bless thee before he die.
27:11. And he answered her: Thou knowest that Esau, my
brother, is a hairy man, and I am smooth:
27:12. If my father should feel me, and perceive it, I fear
lest he will think I would have mocked him, and I shall
bring upon me a curse instead of a blessing.
27:13. And his mother said to him: Upon me be this curse,
my son: only hear thou my voice, and go, fetch me the
things which I have said.
27:14. He went, and brought, and gave them to his mother.
She dressed meats, such as she knew his father liked.
27:15. And she put on him very good garments of Esau, which
she had at home with her:
27:16. And the little skins of the kids she put about his
hands, and covered the bare of his neck.
27:17. And she gave him the savoury meat, and delivered him
bread that she had baked.
27:18. Which when he had carried in, he said: My father?
But he answered: I hear. Who art thou, my son?
27:19. And Jacob said: I am Esau, thy firstborn: I have
done as thou didst command me: arise, sit and eat of my
venison, that thy soul may bless me.
I am Esau thy firstborn... St. Augustine (L. Contra
mendacium, c. 10), treating at large upon this place,
excuseth Jacob from a lie, because this whole passage was
mysterious, as relating to the preference which was
afterwards to be given to the Gentiles before the carnal
Jews, which Jacob by prophetic light might understand. So
far is certain, that the first birthright, both by divine
election and by Esau's free cession belonged to Jacob: so
that if there were any lie in the case, it could be no
more than an officious and venial one.
27:20. And Isaac said to his son: How couldst thou find it
so quickly, my son? He answered: It was the will of God,
that what I sought came quickly in my way:
27:21. And Isaac said: Come hither, that I may feel thee,
my son, and may prove whether thou be my son Esau, or no.
27:22. He came near to his father, and when he had felt
him, Isaac said: The voice indeed is the voice of Jacob;
but the hands, are the hands of Esau.
27:23. And he knew him not, because his hairy hands made
him like to the elder. Then blessing him,
27:24. He said: Art thou my son Esau? He answered: I am.
27:25. Then he said: Bring me the meats of thy hunting, my
son, that my soul may bless thee. And when they were
brought, and he had eaten, he offered him wine also, which
after he had drunk,
27:26. He said to him: Come near me, and give me a kiss, my
27:27. He came near, and kissed him. And immediately as he
smelled the fragrant smell of his garments, blessing him,
he said: Behold, the smell of my son is as the smell of a
plentiful field, which the Lord hath blessed.
27:28. God give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the
fatness of the earth, abundance of corn and wine.
27:29. And let peoples serve thee, and tribes worship thee:
be thou lord of thy brethren, and let thy mother's children
bow down before thee. Cursed be he that curseth thee: and
let him that blesseth thee be filled with blessings.
27:30. Isaac had scarce ended his words, when, Jacob being
now gone out abroad, Esau came,
27:31. And brought in to his father meats, made of what he
had taken in hunting, saying: Arise, my father, and eat of
thy son's venison; that thy soul may bless me.
27:32. And Isaac said to him: Why! who art thou? He
answered: I am thy firstborn son, Esau.
27:33. Isaac was struck with fear, and astonished
exceedingly; and wondering beyond what can be believed,
said: Who is he then that even now brought me venison that
he had taken, and I ate of all before thou camest? and I
have blessed him, and he shall be blessed.
27:34. Esau having heard his father's words, roared out
with a great cry; and, being in a consternation, said:
Bless me also, my father.
27:35. And he said: Thy brother came deceitfully and got
27:36. But he said again: Rightly is his name called Jacob;
for he hath supplanted me lo this second time: My
birthright he took away before, and now this second time he
hath stolen away my blessing. And again he said to his
father: Hast thou not reserved me also a blessing?
Jacob... That is, a supplanter.
27:37. Isaac answered: I have appointed him thy lord, and
have made all his brethren his servants: I have established
him with corn and wine, and after this, what shall I do
more for thee, my son?
27:38. And Esau said to him: Hast thou only one blessing,
father? I beseech thee bless me also. And when he wept with
a loud cry,
27:39. Isaac being moved, said to him: In the fat of the
earth, and in the dew of heaven from above,
27:40. Shall thy blessing be. Thou shalt live by the sword,
and shalt serve thy brother: and the time shall come, when
thou shalt shake off and loose his yoke from thy neck.
27:41. Esau therefore always hated Jacob, for the blessing
wherewith his father had blessed him; and he said in his
heart: The days will come of the mourning for my father,
and I will kill my brother Jacob.
27:42. These things were told to Rebecca: and she sent and
called Jacob, her son, and said to him: Behold Esau, thy
brother, threateneth to kill thee.
27:43. Now therefore, my son, hear my voice, arise and flee
to Laban, my brother, to Haran:
27:44. And thou shalt dwell with him a few days, till the
wrath of thy brother be assuaged,
27:45. And his indignation cease, and he forget the things
thou hast done to him: afterwards I will send, and bring
thee from thence hither. Why shall I be deprived of both my
sons in one day?
27:46. And Rebecca said to Isaac: I am weary of my life,
because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of
the stock of this land, I choose not to live.
Genesis Chapter 28
Jacob's journey to Mesopotamia: his vision and vow.
28:1. And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged
him, saying: Take not a wife of the stock of Chanaan:
28:2. But go, and take a journey to Mesopotamia of Syria,
to the house of Bathuel, thy mother's father, and take thee
a wife thence of the daughters of Laban, thy uncle.
28:3. And God almighty bless thee, and make thee to
increase and multiply thee: that thou mayst be a multitude
28:4. And give the blessings of Araham to thee, and to thy
seed after thee: that thou mayst possess the land of thy
sojournment, which he promised to thy grandfather.
28:5. And when Isaac had sent him away, he took his journey
and went to Mesopotamia of Syria, to Laban, the son of
Bathuel, the Syrian, brother to Rebecca, his mother.
28:6. And Esau seeing that his father had blessed Jacob,
and had sent him into Mesopotamia of Syria, to marry a wife
thence; and that after the blessing he had charged him,
saying: Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of
28:7. And that Jacob obeying his parents, was gone into
28:8. Experiencing also, that his father was not well
pleased with the daughters of Chanaan:
28:9. He went to Ismael, and took to wife, besides them he
had before, Maheleth, the daughter of Ismael, Abraham's
son, the sister of Nabajoth.
28:10. But Jacob being departed from Bersabee, went on to
28:11. And when he was come to a certain place, and would
rest in it after sunset, he took of the stones that lay
there, and putting under his head, slept in the same place.
28:12. And he saw in his sleep a ladder standing upon the
earth, and the top thereof touching heaven: the angels also
of God ascending and descending by it.
28:13. And the Lord leaning upon the ladder saying to him:
I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of
Isaac: The land, wherein thou sleepest, I will give to thee
and to thy seed.
28:14. And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth: thou
shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to
the north, and to the south: and IN THEE and thy seed, all
the tribes of the earth SHALL BE BLESSED.
28:15. And I will be thy keeper whithersoever thou goest,
and will bring thee back into this land: neither will I
leave thee, till I shall have accomplished all that I have
28:16. And when Jacob awaked out of sleep, he said: Indeed
the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not.
28:17. And trembling, he said: How terrible is this place?
this is no other but the house of God, and the gate of
28:18. And Jacob arising in the morning, took the stone
which he had laid under his head, and set it up for a
title, pouring oil upon the top of it.
28:19. And he called the name of the city Bethel, which
before was called Luza.
Bethel... This name signifies the house of God.
28:20. And he made a vow, saying: If God shall be with me,
and shall keep me in the way, by which I walk, and shall
give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,
28:21. And I shall return prosperously to my father's
house: the Lord shall be my God:
28:22. And this stone, which I have set up for a title,
shall be called the house of God: and of all things that
thou shalt give to me, I will offer tithes to thee.
Genesis Chapter 29
Jacob serveth Laban seven years for Rachel: but is deceived
with Lia: he afterwards marrieth Rachel. Lia bears him four
29:1. Then Jacob went on in his journey, and came into the
29:2. And he saw a well in the field, and three flocks of
sheep lying by it: for the beasts were watered out of it,
and the mouth thereof was closed with a great stone.
29:3. And the custom was, when all the sheep were gathered
together, to roll away the stone, and after the sheep were
watered, to put it on the mouth of the well again.
29:4. And he said to the shepherds: Brethren, whence are
you? They answered: Of Haran.
29:5. And he asked them, saying: Know you Laban, the son of
Nachor? They said: We know him.
29:6. He said: Is he in health? He is in health, say they:
and behold, Rachel, his daughter, cometh with his flock.
29:7. And Jacob said: There is yet much day remaining,
neither is it time to bring the flocks into the folds
again: first give the sheep drink, and so lead them back to
29:8. They answered: We cannot, till all the cattle be
gathered together, and we remove the stone from the well's
mouth, that we may water the flocks.
29:9. They were yet speaking, and behold Rachel came with
her father's sheep; for she fed the flock.
29:10. And when Jacob saw her, and knew her to be his
cousin german, and that they were the sheep of Laban, his
uncle: he removed the stone wherewith the well was closed.
29:11. And having watered the flock, he kissed her: and
lifting up his voice wept.
29:12. And he told her that he was her father's brother,
and the son of Rebecca: but she went in haste and told her
29:13. Who, when he heard that Jacob his sister's son was
come, ran forth to meet him: and embracing him, and
heartily kissing him, brought him into his house. And when
he had heard the causes of his journey,
29:14. He answered: Thou art my bone and my flesh. And
after the days of one month were expired,
29:15. He said to him: Because thou art my brother, shalt
thou serve me without wages? Tell me what wages thou wilt
29:16. Now he had two daughters, the name of the elder was
Lia; and the younger was called Rachel.
29:17. But Lia was blear eyed: Rachel was well favoured,
and of a beautiful countenance.
29:18. And Jacob being in love with her, said: I will serve
thee seven years for Rachel, thy younger daughter.
29:19. Laban answered: It is better that I give her to thee
than to another man; stay with me.
29:20. So Jacob served seven years for Rachel: and they
seemed but a few days, because of the greatness of his
29:21. And he said to Laban: Give me my wife; for now the
time is fulfilled, that I may go in unto her.
29:22. And he, having invited a great number of his friends
to the feast, made the marriage.
29:23. And at night he brought in Lia, his daughter, to
29:24. Giving his daughter a handmaid, named Zelpha. Now
when Jacob had gone in to her according to custom, when
morning was come he saw it was Lia.
29:25. And he said to his father in law: What is it that
thou didst mean to do? did not I serve thee for Rachel?
why hast thou deceived me?
29:26. Laban answered: It is not the custom in this place,
to give the younger in marriage first.
29:27. Make up the week of days of this match: and I will
give thee her also, for the service that thou shalt render
me other seven years.
29:28. He yielded to his pleasure: and after the week was
past, he married Rachel:
29:29. To whom her father gave Bala, for her servant.
29:30. And having at length obtained the marriage he wished
for, he preferred the love of the latter before the former,
and served with him other seven years.
29:31. And the Lord seeing that he despised Lia, opened her
womb, but her sister remained barren.
29:32. And she conceived and bore a son, and called his
name Ruben, saying: The Lord saw my affliction: now my
husband will love me.
29:33. And again she conceived and bore a son, and said:
Because the Lord heard that I was despised, he hath given
this also to me: and she called his name Simeon.
29:34. And she conceived the third time, and bore another
son, and said: Now also my husband will be joined to me,
because I have borne him three sons: and therefore she
called his name Levi.
29:35. The fourth time she conceived and bore a son, and
said: Now will I praise the Lord: and for this she called
him Juda. And she left bearing.
Genesis Chapter 30
Rachel, being barren, delivereth her handmaid to Jacob; she
beareth two sons. Lia ceasing to bear, giveth also her
handmaid, and she beareth two more. Then Lia beareth other
two sons and one daughter. Rachel beareth Joseph. Jacob,
desirous to return home, is hired to stay for a certain
part of the flock's increase, whereby he becometh exceeding
30:1. And Rachel seeing herself without children, envied
her sister, and said to her husband: Give me children,
otherwise I shall die.
30:2. And Jacob being angry with her, answered: Am I as
God, who hath deprived thee of the fruit of thy womb?
30:3. But she said: I have here my servant Bala: go in unto
her, that she may bear upon my knees, and I may have
children by her.
30:4. And she gave him Bala in marriage: who,
30:5. When her husband had gone in unto her, conceived and
bore a son.
30:6. And Rachel said: The Lord hath judged for me, and
hath heard my voice, giving me a son; and therefore she
called his name Dan.
30:7. And again Bala conceived, and bore another,
30:8. For whom Rachel said: God hath compared me with my
sister, and I have prevailed: and she called him Nephthali.
30:9. Lia perceiving that she had left of bearing, gave
Zelpha, her handmaid, to her husband.
30:10. And when she had conceived, and brought forth a son,
30:11. She said: Happily. And therefore called his name
30:12. Zelpha also bore another.
30:13. And Lia said: This is for my happiness: for women
will call me blessed. Therefore she called him Aser.
30:14. And Ruben going out in the time of the wheat harvest
into the field, found mandrakes: which he brought to his
mother Lia. And Rachel said: Give me part of thy son's
30:15. She answered: Dost thou think it a small matter,
that thou hast taken my husband from me, unless thou take
also my son's mandrakes? Rachel said: He shall sleep with
thee this night, for thy son's mandrakes.
30:16. And when Jacob returned at even from the field, Lia
went out to meet him, and said: Thou shalt come in unto me,
because I have hired thee for my son's mandrakes. And he
slept with her that night.
30:17. And God heard her prayers; and she conceived: and
bore a fifth son:
30:18. And said: God hath given me a reward, because I gave
my handmaid to my husband. And she called his name
30:19. And Lia conceived again, and bore the sixth son,
30:20. And said: God hath endowed me with a good dowry;
this turn also my husband will be with me, because I have
borne him six sons: and therefore she called his name
30:21. After whom she bore a daughter, named Dina.
30:22. The Lord also remembering Rachel, heard her, and
opened her womb.
30:23. And she conceived, and bore a son, saying: God hath
taken away my reproach.
30:24. And she called his name Joseph: saying: The Lord
give me also another son.
30:25. And when Joseph was born, Jacob said to his
father in law: Send me away, that I may return into my
country, and to my land.
30:26. Give me my wives, and my children, for whom I have
served thee, that I may depart: thou knowest the service
that I have rendered thee.
30:27. Laban said to him: Let me find favour in thy sight:
I have learned, by experience, that God hath blessed me for
30:28. Appoint thy wages which I shall give thee.
30:29. But he answered: Thou knowest how I have served
thee, and how great thy possession hath been in my hands.
30:30. Thou hadst but little before I came to thee, and now
thou art become rich: and the Lord hath blessed thee at my
coming. It is reasonable, therefore, that I should now
provide also for my own house.
30:31. And Laban said: What shall I give thee? But he said:
I require nothing; but if thou wilt do what I demand, I
will feed and keep thy sheep again.
30:32. Go round through all thy flocks, and separate all
the sheep of divers colours, and speckled; and all that is
brown and spotted, and of divers colours, as well among the
sheep as among the goats, shall be my wages.
30:33. And my justice shall answer for me tomorrow before
thee, when the time of the bargain shall come; and all that
is not of divers colours, and spotted, and brown, as well
among the sheep as among the goats, shall accurse me of
30:34. And Laban said: I like well what thou demandest.
30:35. And he separated the same day the she goats, and the
sheep, and the he goats, and the rams of divers colours,
and spotted; and all the flock of one colour, that is, of
white and black fleece, he deliverdd into the hands of his
30:36. And he set the space of three days journey betwixt
himself and his son in law, who fed the rest of his flock.
30:37. And Jacob took green rods of poplar, and of almond,
and of plane trees, and pilled them in part: so when the
bark was taken off, in the parts that were pilled, there
appeared whiteness: but the parts that were whole, remained
green: and by this means the colour was divers.
30:38. And he put them in the troughs, where the water was
poured out; that when the flocks should come to drink, they
might have the rods before their eyes, and in the sight of
them might conceive.
30:39. And it came to pass, that in the very heat of
coition, the sheep beheld the rods, and brought forth
spotted, and of divers colours, and speckled.
30:40. And Jacob separated the flock, and put the rods in
the troughs before the eyes of the rams; and all the white
and the black were Laban's, and the rest were Jacob's, when
the flocks were separated one from the other.
30:41. So when the ewes went first to ram, Jacob put the
rods in the troughs of water before the eyes of the rams,
and of the ewes, that they might conceive while they were
looking upon them.
30:42. But when the later coming was, and the last
conceiving, he did not put them. And those that were
lateward, became Laban's; and they of the first time,
30:43. And the man was enriched exceedingly, and he had
many flocks, maidservants and menservants, camels and
Genesis Chapter 31
Jacob's departure: he is pursued and overtaken by Laban.
They make a covenant.
31:1. But after that he had heard the words of the sons of
Laban, saying: Jacob hath taken away all that was our
father's, and being enriched by his substance is become
31:2. And perceiving also, that Laban's countenance was not
towards him as yesterday and the other day.
31:3. Especially the Lord saying to him: Return into the
land of thy fathers and to thy kindred, and I will be with
31:4. He sent, and called Rachel and Lia into the field,
where he fed the flocks,
31:5. And said to them: I see your father's countenance is
not towards me as yesterday and the other day: but the God
of my father hath been with me.
31:6. And you know that I have served your father to the
uttermost of my power.
31:7. Yea your father hath also overreached me, and hath
changed my wages ten times: and yet God hath not suffered
him to hurt me.
31:8. If at any time, he said: The speckled shall be thy
wages: all the sheep brought forth speckled: but when he
said on the contrary: Thou shalt take all the white one for
thy wages: all the flocks brought forth white ones.
31:9. And God hath taken your father's substance, and given
it to me.
31:10. For after the time came of the ewes conceiving, I
lifted up my eyes, and saw in my sleep, that the males
which leaped upon the females were of divers colours, and
spotted, and speckled.
31:11. And the angel of God said to me in my sleep: Jacob.
And I answered: Here I am.
31:12. And he said: Lift up thy eyes, and see that all the
males leaping upon the females, are of divers colours,
spotted and speckled. For I have seen all that Laban hath
done to thee.
31:13. I am the God of Bethel, where thou didst anoint the
stone, and make a vow to me. Now therefore arise, and go
out of this land, and return into thy native country.
31:14. And Rachel and Lia answered: Have we any thing left
among the goods and inheritance of our father's house?
31:15. Hath he not counted us as strangers, and sold us,
and eaten up the price of us?
31:16. But God hath taken our father's riches, and
delivered them to us, and to our children: wherefore, do
all that God hath commanded thee.
31:17. Then Jacob rose up, and having set his children and
wives upon camels, went his way.
31:18. And he took all his substance, and flocks, and
whatsoever he had gotten in Mesopotamia, and went forward
to Isaac, his father, to the land of Chanaan.
31:19. At that time Laban was gone to shear his sheep, and
Rachel stole away her father's idols.
Her father's idols... By this it appears that Laban was
an idolater; and some of the fathers are of opinion that
Rachel stole away these idols to withdraw him from
idolatry, removing the occasion of his sin.
31:20. And Jacob would not confess to his father in law
that he was flying away.
31:21. And when he was gone, together with all that
belonged to him, and having passed the river, was going on
towards mount Galaad,
31:22. It was told Laban on the third day, that Jacob fled.
31:23. And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after
him seven days; and overtook him in the mount of Galaad.
31:24. And he saw in a dream God, saying to him: Take heed
thou speak not any thing harshly against Jacob.
31:25. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mountain: and
when he, with his brethren, had overtaken him, he pitched
his tent in the same mount of Galaad.
31:26. And he said to Jacob: Why hast thou done thus, to
carry away, without my knowledge, my daughters as captives
taken with the sword?
31:27. Why wouldst thou run away privately, and not
acquaint me, that I might have brought thee on the way with
joy, and with songs, and with timbrels, and with harps?
31:28. Thou hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and
daughters; thou hast done foolishly; and now indeed,
31:29. It is in my power to return thee evil; but the God
of your father said to me yesterday: Take heed thou speak
not any thing harshly against Jacob.
31:30. Suppose thou didst desire to go to thy friends, and
hadst a longing after thy father's house: why hast thou
stolen away my gods?
31:31. Jacob answered: That I departed unknown to thee, it
was for fear lest thou wouldst take away thy daughters by
31:32. But, whereas, thou chargest me with theft: with
whomsoever thou shalt find thy gods, let him be slain
before our brethren. Search, and if thou find any of thy
things with me, take them away. Now when he said this, he
knew not that Rachel had stolen the idols.
31:33. So Laban went into the tent of Jacob, and of Lia,
and of both the handmaids, and found them not. And when he
was entered into Rachel's tent,
31:34. She, in haste, hid the idols under the camel's
furniture, and sat upon them: and when he had searched all
the tent, and found nothing,
31:35. She said: Let not my lord be angry that I cannot
rise up before thee, because it has now happened to me
according to the custom of women. So his careful search was
31:36. And Jacob being angry, said in a chiding manner: For
what fault of mine, and for what offence on my part hast
thou so hotly pursued me,
31:37. And searched all my household stuff? What hast thou
found of all the substance of thy house? lay it here before
my brethren, and thy brethren, and let them judge between
me and thee.
31:38. Have I, therefore, been with thee twenty years? thy
ewes and goats were not barren, the rams of thy flocks I
did not eat:
31:39. Neither did I shew thee that which the beast had
torn; I made good all the damage: whatsoever was lost by
theft, thou didst exact it of me:
31:40. Day and night was I parched with heat, and with
frost, and sleep departed from my eyes.
31:41. And in this manner have I served thee in thy house
twenty years, fourteen for thy daughters, and six for thy
flocks: thou hast changed also my wages ten times.
31:42. Unless the God of my father, Abraham, and the fear
of Isaac, had stood by me, peradventure now thou hadst sent
me away naked: God beheld my affliction and the labour of
my hands, and rebuked thee yesterday.
31:43. Laban answered him: The daughters are mine, and the
children, and thy flocks, and all things that thou seest
are mine: what can I do to my children, and grandchildren?
31:44. Come, therefore, let us enter into a league; that it
may be for a testimony between me and thee.
31:45. And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a title.
31:46. And he said to his brethren: Bring hither stones.
And they, gathering stones together, made a heap, and they
ate upon it.
31:47. And Laban called it, The witness heap; and Jacob,
The hillock of testimony: each of them according to the
propriety of his language.
31:48. And Laban said: This heap shall be a witness between
me and thee this day, and therefore the name thereof was
called Galaad, that is, The witness heap.
31:49. The Lord behold and judge between us, when we shall
be gone one from the other.
31:50. If thou afflict my daughters, and if thou bring in
other wives over them: none is witness of our speech but
God, who is present and beholdeth.
31:51. And he said again to Jacob: Behold this heap, and
the stone which I have set up between me and thee,
31:52. Shall be a witness: this heap, I say, and the stone,
be they for a testimony, if either I shall pass beyond it
going towards thee, or thou shalt pass beyond it thinking
harm to me.
31:53. The God of Abraham, and the God of Nachor, the God
of their father, judge betweeen us. And Jacob swore by the
fear of his father Isaac:
31:54. And after he had offered sacrifices in the mountain,
he called his brethren to eat bread. And when they had
eaten, they lodged there:
31:55. But Laban arose in the night, and kissed his sons
and daughters, and blessed them: and returned to his place.
Genesis Chapter 32
Jacob's vision of angels; his message and presents to Esau;
his wrestling with an angel.
32:1. Jacob also went on the journey he had begun: and the
angels of God met him.
32:2. And when he saw them, he said: These are the camps of
God, and he called the name of that place Mahanaim, that
32:3. And he sent messengers before him to Esau, his
brother, to the land of Seir, to the country of Edom:
32:4. And he commanded them, saying: Thus shall ye speak to
my lord Esau: Thus saith thy brother Jacob: I have
sojourned with Laban, and have been with him until this
32:5. I have oxen, and asses, and sheep, and menservants,
and womenservants: and now I send a message to my lord,
that I may find favour in thy sight.
32:6. And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying: We came
to Esau, thy brother, and behold he cometh with speed to
meet thee with four hundred men.
32:7. Then Jacob was greatly afraid; and in his fear
divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and
the sheep, and the oxen, and the camels, into two
32:8. Saying: If Esau come to one company, and destroy it,
the other company that is left, shall escape.
32:9. And Jacob said: O God of my fahter Abraham, and God
of my father Isaac: O Lord who saidst to me, Return to thy
land, and to the place of thy birth, and I will do well for
32:10. I am not worthy of the least of all thy mercies, and
of thy truth which thou hast fulfilled to thy servant. With
my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I return with
32:11. Deliver me from the hand of my brother Esau, for I
am greatly afraid of him; lest perhaps he come, and kill
the mother with the children.
32:12. Thou didst say, that thou wouldst do well by me, and
multiply my seed like the sand of the sea, which connot be
numbered for multitude.
32:13. And when he had slept there that night, he set
apart, of the things which he had, presents for his brother
32:14. Two hundred she goats, twenty he goats, two hundred
ewes, and twenty rams,
32:15. Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine,
and twenty bulls, twenty she asses, and ten of their foals.
32:16. And he sent them by the hands of his servants, every
drove by itself, and he said to his servants: Go before me,
and let there be a space between drove and drove.
32:17. And he commanded the first, saying: If thou meet my
brother Esau, and he ask thee: Whose art thou? or whither
goest thou? or whose are these before thee?
32:18. Thou shalt answer: Thy servant Jacob's: he hath sent
them as a present to my lord Esau; and he cometh after us.
32:19. In like manner he commanded the second, and the
third, and all that followed the droves, saying: Speak ye
the same words to Esau, when ye find him.
32:20. And ye shall add: Thy servant Jacob himself also
followeth after us; for he said: I will appease him with
the presents that go before, and afterwards I will see him,
perhaps he will be gracious to me.
32:21. So the presents went before him, but himself lodged
that night in the camp.
32:22. And rising early, he took his two wives and his two
handmaids, with his eleven sons, and passed over the ford
32:23. And when all things were brought over that belonged
32:24. He remained alone; and behold, a man wrestled with
him till morning.
A man, etc... This was an angel in human shape, as we
learn from Osee 12.4. He is called God, ver. 28 and 30,
because he represented the person of the Son of God. This
wrestling, in which Jacob, assisted by God, was a match
for an angel, was so ordered (ver. 28,) that he might
learn by this experiment of the divine assistance, that
neither Esau, nor any other man, should have power to hurt
him.-It was also spiritual, as appeareth by his earnest
prayer, urging and at last obtaining the angel's blessing.
32:25. And when he saw that he could not overcome him, he
touched the sinew of his thigh, and forthwith it shrank.
32:26. And he said to him: Let me go, for it is break of
day. He answered: I will not let thee go, except thou bless
32:27. And he said: What is thy name? He answered: Jacob.
32:28. But he said: Thy name shall not be called Jacob, but
Israel; for if thou hast been strong against God, how much
more shalt thou prevail against men?
32:29. Jacob asked him: Tell me by what name art thou
called? He answered: Why dost thou ask my name? And he
blessed him in the same place.
32:30. And Jacob called the name of the place Phanuel,
saying: I have seen God face to face, and my soul has been
Phanuel... This word signifies the face of God, or the
sight, or seeing of God.
32:31. And immediately the sun rose upon him, after he was
past Phanuel; but he halted on his foot.
32:32. Therefore the children of Israel, unto this day, eat
not the sinew, that shrank in Jacob's thigh: because he
touched the sinew of his thigh and it shrank.
Genesis Chapter 33
Jacob and Esau meet: Jacob goeth to Salem, where he raiseth
33:1. And Jacob lifting up his eyes, saw Esau coming, and
with him four hundred men: and he divided the children of
Lia and of Rachel, and of the two handmaids.
33:2. And he put both the handmaids and their children
foremost: and Lia and her children in the second place: and
Rachel and Joseph last.
33:3. And he went forward and bowed down with his face to
the ground seven times, until his brother came near.
33:4. Then Esau ran to meet his brother, and embraced him:
and clasping him fast about the neck, and kissing him,
33:5. And lifting up his eyes, he saw the women and their
children, and said: What mean these? And do they belong to
thee? He answered: They are the children which God hath
given to me, thy servant.
33:6. Then the handmaids and their children came near and
33:7. Lia also, with her children, came near and bowed down
in like manner; and last of all, Joseph and Rachel bowed
33:8. And Esau said: What are the droves that I met? He
answered: That I might find favour before my lord.
33:9. But he said: I have plenty, my brother, keep what is
thine for thyself.
33:10. And Jacob said: Do not so I beseech thee, but if I
have found favour in thy eyes, receive a little present at
my hands: for I have seen thy face, as if I should have
seen the countenance of God: be gracious to me,
33:11. And take the blessing which I have brought thee, and
which God hath given me, who giveth all things. He took it
with much ado at his brother's earnest pressing him,
33:12. And said: Let us go on together, and I will
accompany thee in thy journey.
33:13. And Jacob said: My lord, thou knowest that I have
with me tender children, and sheep, and kine with young:
which if I should cause to be overdriven, in one day all
the flocks will die.
33:14. May it please my lord to go before his servant: and
I will follow softly after him, as I shall see my children
to be able, until I come to my lord in Seir.
33:15. Esau answered: I beseech thee, that some of the
people, at least, who are with me, may stay to accompany
thee in the way. And he said: There is no necessity: I want
nothing else but only to find favour, my lord, in thy
33:16. So Esau returned that day, the way that he came, to
33:17. And Jacob came to Socoth: where having built a
house, and pitched tents, he called the name of the place
Socoth, that is, Tents.
33:18. And he passed over to Salem, a city of the
Sichemites, which is in the land of Chanaan, after he
returned from Mesopotamia of Syria: and he dwelt by the
33:19. And he bought that part of the field, in which he
pitched his tents, of the children of Hemor, the father of
Sichem, for a hundred lambs.
33:20. And raising an altar there, he invoked upon it the
most mighty God of Israel.
Genesis Chapter 34
Dina is ravished, for which the Sichemites are destroyed.
34:1. And Dina the daughter of Lia went out to see the
women of that country.
34:2. And when Sichem the son of Hemor the Hevite, the
prince of that land, saw her, he was in love with her: and
took her away, and lay with her, ravishing the virgin.
34:3. And his soul was fast knit unto her; and whereas she
was sad, he comforted her with sweet words.
34:4. And going to Hemor his father, he said: Get me this
damsel to wife.
34:5. But when Jacob had heard this, his sons being absent,
and employed in feeding the cattle, he held his peace till
they came back.
34:6. And when Hemor the father of Sichem was come out to
speak to Jacob,
34:7. Behold his sons came from the field: and hearing what
had passed, they were exceeding angry, because he had done
a foul thing in Israel, and committed an unlawful act, in
ravishing Jacob's daughter.
34:8. And Hemor spoke to them: The soul of my son Sichem
has a longing for your daughter: give her him to wife:
34:9. And let us contract marriages one with another: give
us your daughters, and take you our daughters.
34:10. And dwell with us: the land is at your command,
till, trade, and possess it.
34:11. Sichem also said to her father and to her brethren:
Let me find favour in your sight, and whatsoever you shall
appoint I will give:
34:12. Raise the dowry, and ask gifts, and I will gladly
give what you shall demand: only give me this damsel to
34:13. The sons of Jacob answered Sichem and his father
deceitfully, being enraged at the deflowering of their
Deceitfully... The sons of Jacob, on this occasion, were
guilty of a grievous sin, as well by falsely pretending
religion, as by excess of revenge: though otherwise their
zeal against so foul a crime was commendable.
34:14. We cannot do what you demand, nor give our sister to
one that is uncircumcised; which with us is unlawful and
34:15. But in this we may be allied with you, if you will
be like us, and all the male sex among you be circumcised:
34:16. Then will we mutually give and take your daughters,
and ours; and we will dwell with you, and will be one
34:17. But if you will not be circumcised, we will take our
daughter and depart.
34:18. Their offer pleased Hemor, and Sichem, his son:
34:19. And the young man made no delay, but forthwith
fulfilled what was required: for he loved the damsel
exceedingly, and he was the greatest man in all his
34:20. And going into the gate of the city, they spoke to
34:21. These men are peaceable, and are willing to dwell
with us: let them trade in the land, and till it, which
being large and wide wanteth men to till it: we shall take
their daughters for wives, and we will give them ours.
34:22. One thing there is for which so great a good is
deferred: We must circumcise every male among us, following
the manner of the nation.
34:23. And their substance, and cattle, and all that they
possess, shall be ours; only in this let us condescend, and
by dwelling together, we shall make one people.
34:24. And they all agreed, and circumcised all the males.
34:25. And behold the third day, when the pain of the wound
was greatest: two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi,
the brothers of Dina, taking their swords, entered boldly
into the city and slew all the men.
34:26. And they killed also Hemor and Sichem, and took away
their sister Dina out of Sichem's house.
34:27. And when they were gone out, the other sons of Jacob
came upon the slain; and plundered the city in revenge of
34:28. And they took their sheep, and their herds, and
their asses, wasting all they had in their houses and in
34:29. And their children and wives they took captive.
34:30. And when they had boldly perpetrated these things,
Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: You have troubled me, and
made me hateful to the Chanaanites and Pherezites, the
inhabitants of this land. We are few: they will gather
themselves together and kill me; and both I, and my house
shall be destroyed.
34:31. They answered: Should they abuse our sister as a
Genesis Chapter 35
Jacob purgeth his family from idols: goeth by God's
commandment to Bethel, and there buildeth an altar. God
appearing again to Jacob blesseth him, and changeth his name
into Israel. Rachel dieth in childbirth. Isaac also dieth.
35:1. In the mean time God said to Jacob: Arise and go up
to Bethel, and dwell there, and make there an altar to God,
who appeared to thee when thou didst flee from Esau, thy
35:2. And Jacob having called together all his household,
said: Cast away the strange gods that are among you, and be
cleansed, and change your garments.
35:3. Arise, and let us go up to Bethel, that we may make
there an altar to God; who heard me in the day of my
affliction, and accompained me in my journey.
35:4. So they gave him all the strange gods they had, and
the earrings which were in their ears: and he buried them
under the turpentine tree, that is behind the city of
35:5. And when they were departed, the terror of God fell
upon all the cities round about, and they durst not pursue
after them as they went away.
35:6. And Jacob came to Luza, which is in the land of
Chanaan, surnamed Bethel: he and all the people that were
35:7. And he built there an altar, and called the name of
that place, The house of God: for there God appeared to him
when he fled from his brother.
35:8. At the same time Debora, the nurse of Rebecca, died,
and was buried at the foot of Bethel, under an oak, and the
name of that place was called, The oak of weeping.
35:9. And God appeared again to Jacob, after he returned
from Mesopotamia of Syria, and he blessed him,
35:10. Saying: Thou shalt not be called any more Jacob, but
Israel shall be thy name. And he called him Israel.
Israel... This name signifieth one that prevaileth with
35:11. And said to him: I am God almighty, increase thou
and be multiplied. Nations and peoples of nations shall be
from thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins.
35:12. And the land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac, I
will give to thee, and to thy seed after thee.
35:13. And he departed from him.
35:14. But he set up a monument of stone, in the place
where God had spoken to him: pouring drink fferings upon
it, and pouring oil thereon:
35:15. And calling the name of that place Bethel.
35:16. And going forth from thence, he came in the spring
time to the land which leadeth to Ephrata: wherein when
Rachel was in travail,
35:17. By reason of her hard labour, she began to be in
danger, and the midwife said to her: Fear not, for thou
shalt have this son also.
35:18. And when her soul was departing for pain, and death
was now at hand, she called the name of her son Benoni,
that is, the son of my pain: but his father called him
Benjamin, that is, the son of the right hand.
35:19. So Rachel died, and was buried in the highway that
leadeth to Ephrata, this is Bethlehem.
35:20. And Jacob erected a pillar over her sepulchre: this
is the pillar of Rachel's monument, to this day.
35:21. Departing thence, he pitched his tent beyond the
35:22. And when he dwelt in that country, Ruben went, and
slept with Bala the concubine of his father: which he was
not ignorant of. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve.
The concubine... She was his lawful wife; but, according
to the style of the Hebrews, is called concubine, because
of her servile extraction.
35:23. The sons of Lia: Ruben the first born, and Simeon,
and Levi, and Juda, and Issachar, and Zabulon.
35:24. The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.
35:25. The sons of Bala, Rachel's handmaid: Dan and
35:26. The sons of Zelpha, Lia's handmaid: Gad and Aser:
these are the sons of Jacob, that were born to him in
Mesopotamia of Syria.
35:27. And he came to Isaac his father in Mambre, the city
of Arbee, this is Hebron: wherein Abraham and Isaac
35:28. And the days of Isaac were a hundred and eighty
35:29. And being spent with age he died, and was gathered
to his people, being old and full of days: and his sons
Esau and Jacob buried him.
Genesis Chapter 36
Esau with his wives and children parteth from Jacob. An
account of his descendants, and of the first kings of Edom.
36:1. And these are the generations of Esau, the same is
36:2. Esau took wives of the daughters of Chanaan: Ada the
daughter of Elon the Hethite, and Oolibama the daughter of
Ana, the daughter of Sebeon the Hevite:
Ada... These wives of Esau are called by other names,
Gen. 26. But it was very common amongst the ancients for
the same persons to have two names, as Esau himself was
also called Edom.
36:3. And Basemath, the daughter of Ismael, sister of
36:4. And Ada bore Eliphaz: Basemath bore Rahuel.
36:5. Oolibama bore Jehus, and Ihelon, and Core. These are
the sons of Esau, that were born to him in the land of
36:6. And Esau took his wives, and his sons and daughters,
and every soul of his house, and his substance, and cattle,
and all that he was able to acquire in the land of Chanaan:
and went into another country, and departed from his
36:7. For they were exceeding rich, and could not dwell
together: neither was the land in which they sojourned
able to bear them, for the multitude of their flocks.
36:8. And Esau dwelt in mount Seir: he is Edom.
36:9. And these are the generations of Esau, the father of
Edom, in mount Seir.
36:10. And these the names of his sons: Eliphaz the son of
Ada, the wife of Esau: and Rahuel, the son of Basemath, his
36:11. And Eliphaz had sons: Theman, Omar, Sepho, and
Gatham and Cenez.
36:12. And Thamna was the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of
Esau: and she bore him Amalech. These are the sons of Ada,
the wife of Esau.
36:13. And the sons of Rahuel were Nahath and Zara, Samma
and Meza. These were the sons of Basemath, the wife of
36:14. And these were the sons of Oolibama, the daughter of
Ana, the daughter of Sebeon, the wife of Esau, whom she
bore to him, Jehus, and Ihelon, and Core.
36:15. These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of
Eliphaz, the firstborn of Esau: duke Theman, duke Omar,
duke Sepho, duke Cenez,
36:16. Duke Core, duke Gatham, duke Amalech: these are the
sons of Eliphaz, in the land of Edom, and these the sons of
36:17. And these were the sons of Rahuel, the son of Esau:
duke Nahath, duke Zara, duke Samma, duke Meza. And these
are the dukes of Rahuel, in the land of Edom: these the
sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.
36:18. And these the sons of Oolibama, the wife of Esau:
duke Jehus, duke Ihelon, duke Core. These are the dukes of
Oolibama, the daughter of Ana, and wife of Esau.
36:19. These are the sons of Esau, and these the dukes of
them: the same is Edom.
36:20. These are the sons of Seir, the Horrite, the
inhabitants of the land: Lotan, and Sobal, and Sebeon, and
36:21. And Dison, and Eser, and Disan. These are dukes of
the Horrites, the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom.
36:22. And Lotan had sons: Hori and Heman. And the sister
of Lotan was Thamna.
36:23. And these the sons of Sobal: Alvan, and Manahat, and
Ebal, and Sepho, and Onam.
36:24. And these the sons of Sebeon: Aia and Ana. This is
Ana that found the hot waters in the wilderness, when he
fed the asses of Sebeon, his father:
36:25. And he had a son Dison, and a daughter Oolibama.
36:26. And these were the sons of Dison: Hamdan, and
Eseban, and Jethram, and Charan.
36:27. These also were the sons of Eser: Balaan, and Zavan,
36:28. And Dison had sons: Hus and Aram.
36:29. These were dukes of the Horrites: duke Lotan, duke
Sobal, duke Sebeon, duke Ana,
36:30. Duke Dison, duke Eser, duke Disan: these were dukes
of the Horrites that ruled in the land of Seir.
36:31. And the kings that ruled in the land of Edom, before
the children of Israel had a king, were these:
36:32. Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city
36:33. And Bela died, and Jobab, the son of Zara, of Bosra,
reigned in his stead.
36:34. And when Jobab was dead, Husam, of the land of the
Themanites, reigned in his stead.
36:35. And after his death, Adad, the son of Badad, reigned
in his stead, who defeated the Madianites in the country of
Boab; and the name of his city was Avith.
36:36. And when Adad was dead, there reigned in his stead,
Semla, of Masreca.
36:37. And he being dead, Saul, of the river Rohoboth,
reigned in his stead.
36:38. And when he also was dead, Balanan, the son of
Achobor, succeeded to the kingdom.
36:39. This man also being dead, Adar reigned in his place;
and the name of his city was Phau: and his wife was called
Meetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezaab.
36:40. And these are the names of the dukes of Esau in
their kindreds, and places, and callings: duke Thamna, duke
Alva, duke Jetheth,
36:41. Duke Oolibama, duke Ela, duke Phinon,
36:42. Duke Cenez, duke Theman, duke Mabsar,
36:43. Duke Magdiel, duke Hiram: these are the dukes of
Edom dwelling in the land of their government; the same is
Esau, the father of the Edomites.
Genesis Chapter 37
Joseph's dreams: he is sold by his brethren, and carried
37:1. And Jacob dwelt in the land of Chanaan, wherein his
37:2. And these are his generations: Joseph, when he was
sixteen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren,
being but a boy: and he was with the sons of Bala and of
Zelpha his father's wives: and he accused his brethren to
his father of a most wicked crime.
37:3. Now Israel loved Joseph above all his sons, because
he had him in his old age: and he made him a coat of divers
37:4. And his brethren seeing that he was loved by his
father, more than all his sons, hated hem, and could not
speak peaceably to him.
37:5. Now it fell out also that he told his brethren a
dream, that he had dreamed: which occasioned them to hate
him the more.
A dream... These dreams of Joseph were prophetical, and
sent from God; as were also those which he interpreted,
Gen. 40. and 41.; otherwise generally speaking, the
observing of dreams is condemned in the Scripture, as
superstitious and sinful. See Deut. 18.10; Eccli. 34.2,3.
37:6. And he said to them: Hear my dream which I dreamed.
37:7. I thought we were binding sheaves in the field: and
my sheaf arose as it were, and stood, and your sheaves
standing about bowed down before my sheaf.
37:8. His brethren answered: Shalt thou be our king? or
shall we be subject to thy dominion? Therefore this matter
of his dreams and words ministered nourishment to their
envy and hatred.
37:9. He dreamed also another dream, which he told his
brethren, saying: I saw in a dream, as it were the sun, and
the moon, and eleven stars worshipping me.
37:10. And when he had told this to his father, and
brethren, his father rebuked him and said: What meaneth
this dream that thou hast dreamed? shall I and thy mother,
and thy brethren worship thee upon the earth?
Worship... This word is not used here to signify divine
worship, but an inferior veneration, expressed by the
bowing of the body, and that, according to the manner of
the eastern nations, down to the ground.
37:11. His brethren therefore envied him: but his father
considered the thing with himself.
37:12. And when his brethren abode in Sechem, feeding their
37:13. Israel said to him: Thy brethren feed the sheep in
Sichem: come, I will send thee to them. And when he
37:14. I am ready: he said to him: Go, and see if all
things be well with thy brethren, and the cattle: and bring
me word again what is doing. So being sent from the vale of
Hebron, he came to Sichem:
37:15. And a man found him there wandering in the field,
and asked what he sought.
37:16. But he answered: I seek my brethren, tell me where
they feed the flocks.
37:17. And the man said to him: They are departed from this
place: for I heard them say: Let us go to Dothain. And
Joseph went forward after his brethren, and found them in
37:18. And when they saw him afar off, before he came nigh
them, they thought to kill him:
37:19. And said one to another: Behold the dreamer cometh.
37:20. Come, let us kill him, and cast him into some old
pit: and we will say: Some evil beast hath devoured him:
and then it shall appear what his dreams avail him:
37:21. And Ruben hearing this, endeavoured to deliver him
out of their hands, and said:
37:22. Do not take away his life, nor shed his blood: but
cast him into this pit, that is in the wilderness, and keep
your hands harmless: now he said this, being desirous to
deliver him out of their hands and to restore him to his
37:23. And as soon as he came to his brethren, they
forthwith stript him of his outside coat, that was of
37:24. And cast him into an old pit where there was not
37:25. And sitting down to eat bread, they saw some
Ismaelites on their way coming from Galaad, with their
camels, carrying spices, and balm, and myrrh to Egypt.
37:26. And Juda said to his brethren: What will it profit
us to kill our brother, and conceal his blood?
37:27. It is better that he be sold to the Ismaelites, and
that our hands be not defiled: for he is our brother and
our flesh. His brethren agreed to his words.
37:28. And when the Madianite merchants passed by, they
drew him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ismaelites,
for twenty pieces of silver: and they led him into Egypt.
37:29. And Ruben returning to the pit, found not the boy:
37:30. And rending his garments he went to his brethren,
and said: The boy doth not appear, and whither shall I go?
37:31. And they took his coat, and dipped it in the blood
of a kid, which they had killed:
37:32. Sending some to carry it to their father, and to
say: This we have found: see whether it be thy son's coat,
37:33. And the father acknowledging it, said: It is my
son's coat, an evil wild beast hath eaten him, a beast hath
37:34. And tearing his garments, he put on sackcloth,
mourning for his son a long time.
37:35. And all his children being gathered together to
comfort their father in his sorrow, he would not receive
comfort, but said: I will go down to my son into hell,
mourning. And whilst he continued weeping,
Into hell... That is, into limbo, the place where the
souls of the just were received before the death of our
Redeemer. For allowing that the word hell sometimes is
taken for the grave, it cannot be so taken in this place;
since Jacob did not believe his son to be in the grave,
(whom he supposed to be devoured by a wild beast,) and
therefore could not mean to go down to him thither: but
certainly meant the place of rest where he believed his
soul to be.
37:36. The Madianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Putiphar, an
eunuch of Pharao, captain of the soldiers.
An eunuch... This word sometimes signifies a chamberlain,
courtier, or officer of the king: and so it is taken in
Genesis Chapter 38
The sons of Juda: the death of Her and Onan: the birth of
Phares and Zara.
38:1. At that time Juda went down from his brethren, and
turned in to a certain Odollamite, named Hiras.
38:2. And he saw there the daughter of a man of Chanaan,
called Sue: and taking her to wife, he went in unto her.
38:3. And she conceived, and bore a son, and called his
38:4. And conceiving again, she bore a son, and called him
38:5. She bore also a third: whom she called Sela. After
whose birth, she ceased to bear any more.
38:6. And Juda took a wife for Her, his first born, whose
name was Thamar.
38:7. And Her, the first born of Juda, was wicked in the
sight of the Lord: and was slain by him.
38:8. Juda, therefore, said to Onan his son: Go in to thy
brother's wife and marry her, that thou mayst raise seed to
38:9. He knowing that the children should not be his, when
he went in to his brother's wife, he spilled his seed upon
the ground, lest children should be born in his brother's
38:10. And therefore the Lord slew him, because he did a
38:11. Wherefore Juda said to Thamar his daughter-in-law:
Remain a widow in thy father's house, till Sela my son grow
up: for he was afraid lest he also might die, as his
brethren did. She went her way, and dwelt in her father's
38:12. And after many days were past: the daughter of Sue
the wife of Juda died: and when he had taken comfort after
his mourning, he went up to Thamnas, to the shearers of his
sheep, he and Hiras the Odollamite, the shepherd of his
38:13. And it was told Thamar that her father-in-law was
come up to Thamnas to shear his sheep.
38:14. And she put off the garments of her widowhood, and
took a veil: and changing her dress, sat in the cross way,
that leadeth to Thamnas: because Sela was grown up, and she
had not been married to him.
38:15. When Juda saw her, he thought she was a harlot: for
she had covered her face, lest she should be known.
38:16. And going to her, he said: Suffer me to lie with
thee: for he knew her not to be his daughter-in-law. And
she answered: What wilt thou give me to enjoy my company?
38:17. He said: I will send thee a kid out of the flock.
And when she said again: I will suffer what thou wilt, if
thou give me a pledge, till thou send what thou promisest.
38:18. Juda said: What wilt thou have for a pledge? She
answered: Thy ring and bracelet, and the staff which thou
holdest in thy hand. The woman therefore at one copulation
38:19. And she arose and went her way: and putting off the
apparel which she had taken, put on the garments of her
38:20. And Juda sent a kid by his shepherd, the Odollamite,
that he might receive the pledge again, which he had given
to the woman: but he, not finding her,
38:21. Asked the men of that place: Where is the woman
that sat in the cross way? And when they all made answer:
There was no harlot in this place,
38:22. He returned to Juda, and said to him: I have not
found her; moreover, the men of that place said to me, that
there never sat a harlot there.
38:23. Juda said: Let her take it to herself, surely she
cannot charge us with a lie, I sent the kid which I
promised: and thou didst not find her.
38:24. And behold, after three months, they told Juda,
saying: Thamar, thy daughter-in-law, hath played the
harlot, and she appeareth to have a big belly. And Juda
said: Bring her out that she may be burnt.
38:25. But when she was led to execution, she sent to her
father in law, saying: By the man, to whom these things
belong, I am with child. See whose ring, and bracelet, and
staff this is.
38:26. But he acknowledging the gifts, said: She is juster
than I: because I did not give her to Sela, my son. However
he knew her no more.
38:27. And when she was ready to be brought to bed, there
appeared twins in her womb: and in the very delivery of the
infants, one put forth a hand, whereon the midwife tied a
scarlet thread, saying:
38:28. This shall come forth the first.
38:29. But he drawing back his hand, the other came forth:
and the woman said: Why is the partition divided for thee?
and therefore called his name Phares.
Phares... That is, a breach or division.
38:30. Afterwards his brother came out, on whose hand was
the scarlet thread: and she called his name Zara.
Genesis Chapter 39
Joseph hath charge of his master's house: rejecteth his
mistress's solicitations: is falsely accused by her, and
cast into prison, where he hath the charge of all the
39:1. And Joseph was brought into Egypt, and Putiphar, an
eunuch of Pharao, chief captain of the army, an Egyptian,
bought him of the Ismaelites, by whom he was brought.
39:2. And the Lord was with him, and he was a prosperous
man in all things: and he dwelt in his master's house:
39:3. Who knew very well that the Lord was with him, and
made all that he did to prosper in his hand.
39:4. And Joseph found favour in the sight of his master,
and ministered to him: and being set over all by him, he
governed the house committed to him, and all things that
were delivered to him:
39:5. And the Lord blessed the house of the Egyptian for
Joseph's sake, and multiplied all his substance, both at
home and in the fields.
39:6. Neither knew he any other thing, but the bread which
he ate. And Joseph was of a beautiful countenance, and
comely to behold.
39:7. And after many days, his mistress cast her eyes on
Joseph, and said: Lie with me.
39:8. But he in no wise consenting to that wicked act said
to her: Behold, my master hath delivered all things to me,
and knoweth not what he hath in his own house:
39:9. Neither is there any thing which is not in my power,
or that he hath not delivered to me, but thee, who art his
wife; how then can I do this wicked thing, and sin against
39:10. With such words as these day by day, both the woman
was importunate with the young man, and he refused the
39:11. Now it happened on a certain day, that Joseph went
into the house, and was doing some business, without any
man with him:
39:12. And she catching the skirt of his garment, said: Lie
with me. But he leaving the garment in her hand, fled, and
39:13. And when the woman saw the garment in her hands, and
39:14. She called to her the men of her house, and said to
them: See, he hath brought in a Hebrew, to abuse us: he
came in to me, to lie with me; and when I cried out,
39:15. And he heard my voice, he left the garment that I
held, and got him out.
39:16. For a proof therefore of her fidelity, she kept the
garment, and shewed it to her husband when he returned
A proof of her fidelity... or an argument to gain credit,
39:17. And said: The Hebrew servant, whom thou hast
brought, came to me to abuse me.
39:18. And when he heard me cry, he left the garment which
I held, and fled out.
39:19. His master hearing these things, and giving too much
credit to his wife's words, was very angry,
39:20. And cast Joseph into the prison, where the king's
prisoners were kept, and he was there shut up.
39:21. But the Lord was with Joseph, and having mercy upon
him gave him favour in the sight of the chief keeper of the
39:22. Who delivered into his hand all the prisoners that
were kept in custody: and whatsoever was done, was under
39:23. Neither did he himself know any thing, having
committed all things to him: for the Lord was with him, and
made all that he did to prosper.
Genesis Chapter 40
Joseph interpreteth the dreams of two of Pharao's servants
in prison: the event declareth the interpretations to be
true, but Joseph is forgotten.
40:1. After this, it came to pass, that two eunuchs, the
butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, offended their
40:2. And Pharao being angry with them, (now the one was
chief butler, the other chief baker,)
40:3. He sent them to the prison of the commander of the
soldiers, in which Joseph also was prisoner.
40:4. But the keeper of the prison delivered them to
Joseph, and he served them. Some little time passed, and
they were kept in custody.
40:5. And they both dreamed a dream the same night,
according to the interpretation agreeing to themselves:
40:6. And when Joseph was come into them in the morning,
and saw them sad,
40:7. He asked them, saying: Why is your countenance sadder
today than usual?
40:8. They answered: We have dreamed a dream, and there is
nobody to interpret it to us. And Joseph said to them: Doth
not interpretation belong to God? Tell me what you have
Doth not interpretation belong to God?... When dreams are
from God, as these were, the interpretation of them is a
gift of God. But the generality of dreams are not of this
sort; but either proceed from the natural complexions and
dispositions of persons, or the roving of their
imaginations in the day on such objects as they are much
affected with, or from their mind being disturbed with
cares and troubles, and oppressed with bodily infirmities:
or they are suggested by evil spirits, to flatter, or to
terrify weak minds, in order to gain belief, and so draw
them into error or superstition; or at least to trouble
them in their sleep, whom they cannot move when they are
awake: so that the general rule, with regard to dreams, is
not to observe them, nor to give any credit to them.
40:9. The chief butler first told his dream: I saw before
me a vine,
40:10. On which were three branches, which by little and
little sent out buds, and after the blossoms brought forth
40:11. And the cup of Pharao was in my hand: and I took the
grapes, and pressed them into the cup which I held, and I
gave the cup to Pharao.
40:12. Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the
dream: The three branches, are yet three days:
40:13. After which Pharao will remember thy service, and
will restore thee to thy former place: and thou shalt
present him the cup according to thy office, as before thou
was wont to do.
40:14. Only remember me when it shall be well with thee,
and do me this kindness: to put Pharao in mind to take me
out of this prison:
40:15. For I was stolen away out of the land of the
Hebrews, and here without any fault was cast into the
40:16. The chief baker seeing that he had wisely
interpreted the dream, said: I also dreamed a dream, That I
had three baskets of meal upon my head:
40:17. And that in one basket which was uppermost, I
carried all meats that are made by the art of baking, and
that the birds ate out of it.
40:18. Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the
dream: The three baskets, are yet three days:
40:19. After which Pharao will take thy head from thee, and
hang thee on a cross, and the birds shall tear thy flesh.
40:20. The third day after this was the birthday of Pharao:
and he made a great feast for his servants, and at the
banquet remembered the chief butler, and the chief baker.
40:21. And he restored the one to his place, to present him
40:22. The other he hanged on a gibbet, that the truth of
the interpreter might be shewn.
40:23. But the chief butler, when things prospered with
him, forgot his interpreter.
Genesis Chapter 41
Joseph interpreteth the two dreams of Pharao: he is made
ruler over all Egypt.
41:1. After two years Pharao had a dream. He thought he
stood by the river,
41:2. Out of which came up seven kine, very beautiful and
fat: and they fed in marshy places.
41:3. Other seven also came up out of the river,
ill favoured, and lean fleshed: and they fed on the very
bank of the river, in green places:
41:4. And they devoured them, whose bodies were very
beautiful and well conditioned. So Pharao awoke.
41:5. He slept again, and dreamed another dream: Seven ears
of corn came up upon one stalk full and fair:
41:6. Then seven other ears sprung up thin and blasted,
41:7. And devoured all the beauty of the former. Pharao
awaked after his rest:
41:8. And when morning was come, being struck with fear, he
sent to all the interpreters of Egypt, and to all the wise
men: and they being called for, he told them his dream, and
there was not any one that could interpret it.
41:9. Then at length the chief butler remembering, said: I
confess my sin:
41:10. The king being angry with his servants, commanded me
and the chief baker to be cast into the prison of the
captain of the soldiers.
41:11. Where in one night both of us dreamed a dream
forboding things to come.
41:12. There was there a young man a Hebrew, servant to the
same captain of the soldiers: to whom we told our dreams,
41:13. And we heard what afterwards the event of the thing
proved to be so. For I was restored to my office: and he
was hanged upon a gibbet.
41:14. Forthwith at the king's command Joseph was brought
out of the prison, and they shaved him: and changing his
apparel brought him in to him.
41:15. And he said to him: I have dreamed dreams, and there
is no one that can expound them: Now I have heard that thou
art very wise at interpreting them:
41:16. Joseph answered: Without me, God shall give Pharao a
41:17. So Pharao told what he had dreamed: Methought I
stood upon the bank of the river,
41:18. And seven kine came up out of the river, exceeding
beautiful and full of flesh: and they grazed on green
places in a marshy pasture.
41:19. And behold, there followed these, other seven kine,
so very ill favoured and lean, that I never saw the like in
the land of Egypt:
41:20. And they devoured and consumed the former,
41:21. And yet gave no mark of their being full: but were
as lean and ill favoured as before. I awoke, and then fell
41:22. And dreamed a dream: Seven ears of corn grew up upon
one stalk, full and very fair.
41:23. Other seven also thin and blasted, sprung of the
41:24. And they devoured the beauty of the former: I told
this dream to the conjecturers, and there is no man that
can expound it.
41:25. Joseph answered: The king's dream is one: God hath
shewn to Pharao what he is about to do.
41:26. The seven beautiful kine, and the seven full ears,
are seven years of plenty: and both contain the same
meaning of the dream.
41:27. And the seven lean and thin kine that came up after
them, and the seven thin ears that were blasted with the
burning wind, are seven years of famine to come:
41:28. Which shall be fulfilled in this order.
41:29. Behold, there shall come seven years of great plenty
in the whole land of Egypt:
41:30. After which shall follow other seven years of so
great scarcity, that all the abundance before shall be
forgotten: for the famine shall consume all the land,
41:31. And the greatness of the scarcity shall destroy the
greatness of the plenty.
41:32. And for that thou didst see the second time a dream
pertaining to the same thing: it is a token of the
certainty, and that the word of God cometh to pass, and is
41:33. Now therefore let the king provide a wise and
industrious man, and make him ruler over the land of Egypt:
41:34. That he may appoint overseers over all the
countries: and gather into barns the fifth part of the
fruits, during the seven fruitful years,
41:35. That shall now presently ensue: and let all the corn
be laid up, under Pharao's hands, and be reserved in the
41:36. And let it be in readiness, against the famine of
seven years to come, which shall oppress Egypt, and the
land shall not be consumed with scarcity.
41:37. The counsel pleased Pharao, and all his servants.
41:38. And he said to them: Can we find such another man,
that is full of the spirit of God?
41:39. He said therefore to Joseph: Seeing God hath shewn
thee all that thou hast said, can I find one wiser and one
like unto thee?
41:40. Thou shalt be over my house, and at the commandment
of thy mouth all the people shall obey: only in the kingly
throne will I be above thee.
41:41. And again Pharao said to Joseph: Behold, I have
appointed thee over the whole land of Egypt.
41:42. And he took his ring from his own hand, and gave it
into his hand: and he put upon him a robe of silk, and put
a chain of gold about his neck.
41:43. And he made him go up into his second chariot, the
crier proclaiming that all should bow their knee before
him, and that they should know he was made governor over
the whole land of Egypt.
41:44. And the king said to Joseph: I am Pharao: without
thy commandment no man shall move hand or foot in all the
land of Egypt.
41:45. And he turned his name, and called him in the
Egyptian tongue the saviour of the world. And he gave him
to wife Aseneth, the daughter of Putiphare, priest of
Heliopolis. Then Joseph went out to the land of Egypt.
The saviour of the world... Zaphnah paaneah.
41:46. (Now he was thirty years old when he stood before
king Pharao), and he went round all the countries of Egypt.
41:47. And the fruitfulness of the seven years came: and
the corn being bound up into sheaves, was gathered together
into the barns of Egypt.
41:48. And all the abundance of grain was laid up in every
41:49. And there was so great abundance of wheat, that it
was equal to the sand of the sea, and the plenty exceeded
41:50. And before the famine came, Joseph had two sons
born: whom Aseneth, the daughter of Putiphare, priest of
Heliopolis, bore unto him.
41:51. And he called the name of the firstborn Manasses,
saying: God hath made me to forget all my labours, and my
Manasses... That is, oblivion, or forgetting.
41:52. And he named the second Ephraim, saying: God hath
made me to grow in the land of my poverty.
Ephraim... That is, fruitful, or growing.
41:53. Now when the seven years of plenty that had been in
Egypt were passed:
41:54. The seven years of scarcity, which Joseph had
foretold, began to come: and the famine prevailed in the
whole world, but there was bread in all the land of Egypt.
41:55. And when there also they began to be famished, the
people cried to Pharao, for food. And he said to them: Go
to Joseph: and do all that he shall say to you.
41:56. And the famine increased daily in all the land: and
Joseph opened all the barns, and sold to the Egyptians: for
the famine had oppressed them also.
41:57. And all provinces came into Egypt, to buy food, and
to seek some relief of their want.
Genesis Chapter 42
Jacob sendeth his ten sons to buy corn in Egypt. Their
treatment by Joseph.
42:1. And Jacob hearing that food was sold in Egypt, said
to his sons: Why are ye careless?
42:2. I have heard that wheat is sold in Egypt: Go ye down,
and buy us necessaries, that we may live, and not be
consumed with want.
42:3. So the ten brethren of Joseph went down, to buy corn
42:4. Whilst Benjamin was kept at home by Jacob, who said
to his brethren: Lest perhaps he take any harm in the
42:5. And they entered into the land of Egypt with others
that went to buy. For the famine was in the land of
42:6. And Joseph was governor in the land of Egypt, and
corn was sold by his direction to the people. And when his
brethren had bowed down to him,
42:7. And he knew them, he spoke as it were to strangers,
somewhat roughly, asking them: Whence came you? They
answered: From the land of Chanaan, to buy necessaries of
42:8. And though he knew his brethren, he was not known by
42:9. And remembering the dreams, which formerly he had
dreamed, he said to them: You are spies. You are come to
view the weaker parts of the land.
You are spies... This he said by way of examining them, to
see what they would answer.
42:10. But they said: It is not so, my lord; but thy
servants are come to buy food.
42:11. We are all the sons of one man: we are come as
peaceable men, neither do thy servants go about any evil.
42:12. And he answered them: It is otherwise: you are come
to consider the unfenced parts of this land.
42:13. But they said: We thy servants are twelve brethren,
the sons of one man in the land of Chanaan: the youngest is
with our father, the other is not living.
42:14. He saith, This is it that I said: You are spies.
42:15. I shall now presently try what you are: by the
health of Pharao, you shall not depart hence, until your
youngest brother come.
42:16. Send one of you to fetch him: and you shall be in
prison, till what you have said be proved, whether it be
true or false: or else by the health of Pharao you are
Or else by the health of Pharao you are spies... That is,
if these things you say be proved false, you are to be
held for spies for your lying, and shall be treated as
such. Joseph dealt in this manner with his brethren, to
bring them by the means of affliction to a sense of their
former sin, and a sincere repentance for it.
42:17. So he put them in prison three days.
42:18. And the third day he brought them out of prison, and
said: Do as I have said, and you shall live: for I fear
42:19. If you be peaceable men, let one of your brethren
be bound in prison: and go ye your ways, and carry the corn
that you have bought, unto your houses.
42:20. And bring your youngest brother to me, that I may
find your words to be true, and you may not die. They did
as he had said.
42:21. And they talked one to another: We deserve to suffer
these things, because we have sinned against our brother,
seeing the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we
would not hear: therefore is this affliction come upon us.
42:22. And Ruben, one of them, said: Did not I say to you:
Do not sin against the boy; and you would not hear me?
Behold his blood is required.
42:23. And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he
spoke to them by an interpreter.
42:24. And he turned himself away a little while, and wept:
and returning, he spoke to them.
42:25. And taking Simeon, and binding him in their
presence, he commanded his servants to fill their sacks
with wheat, and to put every man's money again in their
sacks, and to give them besides provisions for the way: and
they did so.
42:26. But they having loaded their asses with the corn
went their way.
42:27. And one of them opening his sack, to give his beast
provender in the inn, saw the money in the sack's mouth,
42:28. And said to his brethren: My money is given me
again; behold it is in the sack. And they were astonished,
and troubled, and said to one another: What is this that
God hath done unto us?
42:29. And they came to Jacob their father in the land of
Chanaan, and they told him all things that had befallen
42:30. The lord of the land spoke roughly to us, and took
us to be spies of the country.
42:31. And we answered him: We are peaceable men, and we
mean no plot.
42:32. We are twelve brethren born of one father: one is
not living, the youngest is with our father in the land of
42:33. And he said to us: Hereby shall I know that you are
peaceable men: Leave one of your brethren with me, and take
ye necessary provision for your houses, and go your ways,
42:34. And bring your youngest brother to me, that I may
know you are not spies: and you may receive this man again,
that is kept in prison: and afterwards may have leave to
buy what you will.
42:35. When they had told this, they poured out their corn,
and every man found his money tied in the mouth of his
sack: and all being astonished together,
42:36. Their father Jacob said: You have made me to be
without children: Joseph is not living, Simeon is kept in
bonds, and Benjamin you will take away: all these evils are
fallen upon me.
42:37. And Ruben answered him: Kill my two sons, if I bring
him not again to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will
restore him to thee.
42:38. But he said: My son shall not go down with you: his
brother is dead, and he is left alone: if any mischief
befall him in the land to which you go, you will bring down
my grey hairs with sorrow to hell.
To hell... That is, to that place, where the souls then
remained, as above, chapter 37. ver. 35.
Genesis Chapter 43
The sons of Jacob go again into Egypt with Benjamin. They
are entertained by Joseph.
43:1. In the mean time the famine was heavy upon all the
43:2. And when they had eaten up all the corn, which they
had brought out of Egypt, Jacob said to his sons: Go again,
and buy us a little food.
43:3. Juda answered: The man declared unto us with the
attestation of an oath, saying: You shall not see my face,
unless you bring your youngest brother with you.
43:4. If therefore thou wilt send him with us, we will set
out together, and will buy necessaries for thee.
43:5. But if thou wilt not, we will not go: for the man, as
we have often said, declared unto us, saying: You shall not
see my face without your youngest brother.
43:6. Israel said to them: You have done this for my
misery, in that you told him you had also another brother.
43:7. But they answered: The man asked us in order
concerning our kindred: if our father lived: if we had a
brother: and we answered him regularly, according to what
he demanded: could we know that he would say: Bring hither
your brother with you?
43:8. And Juda said to his father: Send the boy with me,
that we may set forward, and may live: lest both we and our
43:9. I take the boy upon me, require him at my hand:
unless I bring him again, and restore him to thee, I will
be guilty of sin against thee for ever.
43:10. If delay had not been made, we had been here again
the second time.
43:11. Then Israel said to them: If it must needs be so, do
what you will: take of the best fruits of the land in your
vessels, and carry down presents to the man, a little balm,
and honey, and storax, myrrh, turpentine, and almonds.
Balm... Literally rosin, resinae; but here by that name
is meant balm.
43:12. And take with you double money, and carry back what
you found in your sacks, lest perhaps it was done by
43:13. And take also your brother, and go to the man.
43:14. And may my almighty God make him favourable to you:
and send back with you your brother, whom he keepeth, and
this Benjamin: and as for me I shall be desolate without
43:15. So the men took the presents, and double money, and
Benjamin: and went down into Egypt, and stood before
43:16. And when he had seen them, and Benjamin with them,
he commanded the steward of his house, saying: Bring in the
men into the house, and kill victims, and prepare a feast:
because they shall eat with me at noon.
43:17. He did as he was commanded, and brought the men into
43:18. And they being much afraid, said there one to
another: Because of the money, which we carried back the
first time in our sacks, we are brought in: that he may
bring upon us a false accusation, and by violence make
slaves of us and our asses.
43:19. Wherefore, going up to the steward of the house, at
43:20. They said: Sir, we desire thee to hear us. We came
down once before to buy food:
43:21. And when we had bought, and were come to the inn, we
opened our sacks, and found our money in the mouths of the
sacks: which we have now brought again in the same weight.
43:22. And we have brought other money besides, to buy what
we want: we cannot tell who put it in our bags.
43:23. But he answered: Peace be with you, fear not: your
God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in
your sacks. For the money, which you gave me, I have for
good. And he brought Simeon out to them.
43:24. And having brought them into the house, he fetched
water, and they washed their feet, and he gave provender to
43:25. But they made ready the presents, against Joseph
came at noon: for they had heard that they should eat bread
43:26. Then Joseph came in to his house, and they offered
him the presents, holding them in their hands; and they
bowed down with their face to the ground.
43:27. But he courteously saluting them again, asked them,
saying: Is the old man your father in health, of whom you
told me? Is he yet living?
43:28. And they answered: Thy servant our father, is in
health; he is yet living. And bowing themselves, they made
obeisance to him.
43:29. And Joseph lifting up his eyes, saw Benjamin, his
brother by the same mother, and said: Is this your young
brother, of whom you told me? And he said: God be gracious
to thee, my son.
43:30. And he made haste, because his heart was moved upon
his brother, and tears gushed out: and going into his
chamber, he wept.
43:31. And when he had washed his face, coming out again,
he refrained himself, and said: Set bread on the table.
43:32. And when it was set on, for Joseph apart, and for
his brethren apart, for the Egyptians also that ate with
him apart, (for it is unlawful for the Egyptians to eat
with the Hebrews, and they think such a feast profane):
43:33. They sat before him, the firstborn according to his
birthright, and the youngest according to his age. And they
wondered very much;
43:34. Taking the messes which they received of him: and
the greater mess came to Benjamin, so that it exceeded by
five parts. And they drank, and were merry with him.
Genesis Chapter 44
Joseph's contrivance to stop his brethren. The humble
supplication of Juda.
44:1. And Joseph commanded the steward of his house,
saying: Fill their sacks with corn, as much as they can
hold: and put the money of every one in the top of his
44:2. And in the mouth of the younger's sack put my silver
cup, and the price which he gave for the wheat. And it was
44:3. And when the morning arose, they were sent away with
44:4. And when they were now departed out of the city, and
had gone forward a little way: Joseph sending for the
steward of his house, said: Arise, and pursue after the
men: and when thou hast overtaken them, say to them: Why
have you returned evil for good?
44:5. The cup which you have stolen, is that in which my
lord drinketh, and in which he is wont to divine: you have
done a very evil thing.
44:6. He did as he had commanded him. And having overtaken
them, he spoke to them the same words.
44:7. And they answered: Why doth our lord speak so, as
though thy servants had committed so heinous a fact?
44:8. The money, that we found in the top of our sacks, we
brought back to thee from the land of Chanaan: how then
should it be that we should steal out of thy lord's house,
gold or silver?
44:9. With whomsoever of thy servants shall be found that
which thou seekest, let him die, and we will be the bondmen
of my lord.
44:10. And he said to them: Let it be according to your
sentence: with whomsoever it shall be found, let him be my
servant, and you shall be blameless.
44:11. Then they speedily took down their sacks to the
ground, and every man opened his sack.
44:12. Which when he had searched, beginning at the eldest,
and ending at the youngest, he found the cup in Benjamin's
44:13. Then they rent their garments, and loading their
asses again, returned into the town.
44:14. And Juda at the head of his brethren went in to
Joseph (for he was not yet gone out of the place) and they
all together fell down before him on the ground.
44:15. And he said to them: Why would you do so? know you
not that there is no one like me in the science of
The science of divining... He speaks of himself according
to what he was esteemed in that kingdom. And indeed, he
being truly a prophet, knew more without comparison than
any of the Egyptian sorcerers.
44:16. And Juda said to him: What shall we answer my lord?
or what shall we say, or be able justly to allege? God hath
found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are all
bondmen to my lord, both we, and he with whom the cup was
44:17. Joseph answered: God forbid that I should do so: he
that stole the cup, he shall be my bondman: and go you away
free to your father.
44:18. Then Juda coming nearer, said boldly: I beseech
thee, my lord, let thy servant speak a word in thy ears,
and be not angry with thy servant: for after Pharao
44:19. My lord. Thou didst ask thy servants the first time:
Have you a father or a brother.
44:20. And we answered thee, my lord: We have a father an
old man, and a young boy, that was born in his old age;
whose brother by the mother is dead; and he alone is left
of his mother, and his father loveth him tenderly.
44:21. And thou saidst to thy servants: Bring him hither to
me, and I will set my eyes on him.
44:22. We suggested to my lord: The boy cannot leave his
father: for if he leave him, he will die.
44:23. And thou saidst to thy servants: Except your
youngest brother come with you, you shall see my face no
44:24. Therefore when we were gone up to thy servant our
father, we told him all that my lord had said.
44:25. And our father said: Go again, and buy us a little
44:26. And we said to him: We cannot go: if our youngest
brother go down with us, we will set out together:
otherwise, without him we dare not see the man's face.
44:27. Whereunto he answered: You know that my wife bore me
44:28. One went out, and you said: A beast devoured him;
and hitherto he appeareth not.
44:29. If you take this also, and any thing befall him in
the way, you will bring down my grey hairs with sorrow unto
44:30. Therefore, if I shall go to thy servant, our father,
and the boy be wanting, (whereas his life dependeth upon
the life of him,)
44:31. And he shall see that he is not with us, he will
die, and thy servants shall bring down his grey hairs with
sorrow unto hell.
His gray hairs... That is, his person, now far advanced
in years.-With sorrow unto hell... The Hebrew word for
hell is here sheol, the Greek hades: it is not taken for
the hell of the damned; but for that place of souls below
where the servants of God were kept before the coming of
Christ. Which place, both in the Scripture and in the
creed, is named hell.
44:32. Let me be thy proper servant, who took him into my
trust, and promised, saying: If I bring him not again, I
will be guilty of sin against my father for ever.
44:33. Therefore I, thy servant, will stay instead of the
boy in the service of my lord, and let the boy go up with
44:34. For I cannot return to my father without the boy,
lest I be a witness of the calamity that will oppress my
Genesis Chapter 45
Joseph maketh himself known to his brethren: and sendeth
for his father.
45:1. Joseph could no longer refrain himself before many
that stood by: whereupon he commanded that all should go
out, and no stranger be present at their knowing one
45:2. And he lifted up his voice with weeping, which the
Egyptians, and all the house of Pharao heard.
45:3. And he said to his brethren: I am Joseph: Is my
father yet living? His brethren could not answer him, being
struck with exceeding great fear.
45:4. And he said mildly to them: Come nearer to me. And
when they were come near him, he said: I am Joseph, your
brother, whom you sold into Egypt.
45:5. Be not afraid, and let it not seem to you a hard case
that you sold me into these countries: for God sent me
before you into Egypt for your preservation.
45:6. For it is two years since the famine began to be upon
the land, and five years more remain, wherein there can be
neither ploughing nor reaping.
45:7. And God sent me before, that you may be preserved
upon the earth, and may have food to live.
45:8. Not by your counsel was I sent hither, but by the
will of God: who hath made me as it were a father to
Pharao, and lord of his whole house, and governor in all
the land of Egypt.
45:9. Make haste, and go ye up to my father, and say to
him: Thus saith thy son Joseph: God hath made me lord of
the whole land of Egypt; come down to me, linger not.
45:10. And thou shalt dwell in the land of Gessen: and
thou shalt be near me, thou and thy sons, and thy sons'
sons, thy sheep, and thy herds, and all things that thou
45:11. And there I will feed thee, (for there are yet five
years of famine remaining) lest both thou perish, and thy
house, and all things that thou hast.
45:12. Behold, your eyes, and the eyes of my brother
Benjamin, see that it is my mouth that speaketh to you.
45:13. You shall tell my father of all my glory, and all
things that you have seen in Egypt: make haste and bring
him to me.
45:14. And falling upon the neck of his brother Benjamin,
he embraced him and wept: and Benjamin in like manner wept
also on his neck.
45:15. And Joseph kissed all his brethren, and wept upon
every one of them: after which they were emboldened to
speak to him.
45:16. And it was heard, and the fame was spread abroad in
the king's court: The brethren of Joseph are come; and
Pharao with all his family was glad.
45:17. And he spoke to Joseph that he should give orders to
his brethren, saying: Load your beasts, and go into the
land of Chanaan,
45:18. And bring away from thence your father and kindred,
and come to me; and I will give you all the good things of
Egypt, that you may eat the marrow of the land.
45:19. Give orders also that they take wagons out of the
land of Egypt, for the carriage of their children and their
wives; and say: Take up your father, and make haste to come
with all speed:
45:20. And leave nothing of your household stuff; for all
the riches of Egypt shall be yours.
45:21. And the sons of Israel did as they were bid. And
Joseph gave them wagons according to Pharao's commandment:
and provisions for the way.
45:22. He ordered also to be brought out for every one of
them two robes: but to Benjamin he gave three hundred
pieces of silver, with five robes of the best:
45:23. Sending to his father as much money and raiment;
adding besides, ten he asses, to carry off all the riches
of Egypt, and as many she asses, carrying wheat and bread
for the journey.
45:24. So he sent away his brethren, and at their departing
said to them: Be not angry in the way.
45:25. And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the
land of Chanaan, to their father Jacob.
45:26. And they told him, saying: Joseph, thy son, is
living; and he is ruler in all the land of Egypt. Which
when Jacob heard, he awaked as it were out of a deep sleep,
yet did not believe them.
45:27. They, on the other side, told the whole order of the
thing. And when he saw the wagons, and all that he had
sent, his spirit revived,
45:28. And he said: It is enough for me if Joseph, my son,
be yet living: I will go and see him before I die.
Genesis Chapter 46
Israel, waranted by a vision from God, goeth down into
Egypt with all his family.
46:1. And Israel taking his journey, with all that he had,
came to the well of the oath, and killing victims there to
the God of his father Isaac,
The well of the oath... Bersabee.
46:2. He heard him, by a vision in the night, calling him,
and saying to him: Jacob, Jacob. And he answered him: Lo,
here I am.
46:3. God said to him: I am the most mighty God of thy
father; fear not, go down into Egypt, for I will make a
great nation of thee there.
46:4. I will go down with thee thither, and will bring thee
back again from thence: Joseph also shall put his hands
upon thy eyes.
46:5. And Jacob rose up from the well of the oath: and his
sons took him up, with their children and wives in the
wagons, which Pharao had sent to carry the old man,
46:6. And all that he had in the land of Chanaan: and he
came into Egypt with all his seed;
46:7. His sons, and grandsons, daughters, and all his
46:8. And these are the names of the children of Israel,
that entered into Egypt, he and his children. His firstborn
46:9. The sons of Ruben: Henoch and Phallu, and Hesron and
46:10. The sons of Simeon: Jamuel and Jamin and Ahod, and
Jachin and Sohar, and Saul, the son of a woman of Chanaan.
46:11. The sons of Levi: Gerson and Caath, and Merari.
46:12. The sons of Juda: Her and Onan, and Sela, and Phares
and Zara. And Her and Onan died in the land of Chanaan. And
sons were born to Phares: Hesron and Hamul.
46:13. The sons of Issachar: Thola and Phua, and Job and
46:14. The sons of Zabulon: Sared, and Elon, and Jahelel.
46:15. These are the sons of Lia, whom she bore in
Mesopotamia of Syria, with Dina, his daughter. All the
souls of her sons and daughters, thirty-three.
46:16. The sons of Gad: Sephion and Haggi, and Suni and
Esebon, and Heri and Arodi, and Areli.
46:17. The sons of Aser: Jamne and Jesua, and Jessuri and
Beria, and Sara their sister. The sons of Beria: Heber and
46:18. These are the sons of Zelpha, whom Laban gave to
Lia, his daughter. And these she bore to Jacob, sixteen
46:19. The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife: Joseph and
46:20. And sons were born to Joseph, in the land of Egypt,
whom Aseneth, the daughter of Putiphare, priest of
Heliopolis, bore him: Manasses and Ephraim.
46:21. The sons of Benjamin: Bela and Bechor, and Asbel and
Gera, and Naaman and Echi, and Ross and Mophim, and Ophim
46:22. These are the sons of Rachel, whom she bore to
Jacob: all the souls, fourteen.
46:23. The sons of Dan: Husim.
46:24. The sons of Nephthali: Jaziel and Guni, and Jeser
46:25. These are the sons of Bala, whom Laban gave to
Rachel, his daughter: and these she bore to Jacob: all the
46:26. All the souls that went with Jacob into Egypt, and
that came out of his thigh, besides his sons' wives,
46:27. And the sons of Joseph, that were born to him in the
land of Egypt, two souls. All the souls of the house of
Jacob, that entered into Egypt, were seventy.
46:28. And he sent Juda before him to Joseph, to tell him;
and that he should meet him in Gessen.
46:29. And when he was come thither, Joseph made ready his
chariot, and went up to meet his father in the same place:
and seeing him, he fell upon his neck, and embracing him,
46:30. And the father said to Joseph: Now shall I die with
joy, becuase I have seen thy face, and leave thee alive.
46:31. And Joseph said to his brethren, and to all his
father's house: I will go up, and will tell Pharao, and
will say to him: My brethren, and my father's house, that
were in the land of Chanaan, are come to me:
46:32. And the men are shepherds, and their occupation is
to feed cattle; their flocks, and herds, and all they have,
they have brought with them.
46:33. And when he shall call you, and shall say: What is
46:34. You shall answer: We, thy servants, are shepherds,
from our infancy until now, both we and our fathers. And
this you shall say, that you may dwell in the land of
Gessen, because the Egyptians have all shepherds in
Genesis Chapter 47
Jacob and his sons are presented before Pharao: he giveth
them the land of Gessen. The famine forceth the Egyptians
to sell all their possessions to the king.
47:1. Then Joseph went in and told Pharao, saying: My
father and brethren, their sheep and their herds, and all
that they possess, are come out of the land of Chanaan: and
behold they stay in the land of Gessen.
47:2. Five men also, the last of his brethren, he presented
before the king:
The last...Extremos. Some interpret this word of the
chiefest, and most rightly: but Joseph seems rather to
have chosen out such as had the meanest appearance, that
Pharao might not think of employing them at court, with
danger of their morals and religion.
47:3. And he asked them: What is your occupation? They
answered: We, thy servants, are shepherds, both we and our
47:4. We are come to sojourn in thy land, because there is
no grass for the flocks of thy servants, the famine being
very grievous in the land of Chanaan: and we pray thee to
give orders that we thy servants may be in the land of
47:5. The king therefore said to Joseph: Thy father and
thy brethren are come to thee.
47:6. The land of Egypt is before thee: and make them dwell
in the best place, and give them the land of Gessen. And if
thou knowest that there are industrious men among them,
make them rulers over my cattle.
47:7. After this Joseph brought in his father to the king,
and presented him before him: and he blessed him.
47:8. And being asked by him: How many are the days of the
years of thy life?
47:9. He answered: The days of my pilgrimage are a hundred
and thirty years, few, and evil, and they are not come up
to the days of the pilgrimage of my fathers.
47:10. And blessing the king, he went out.
47:11. But Joseph gave a possession to his father and his
brethren in Egypt, in the best place of the land, in
Ramesses, as Pharao had commanded.
47:12. And he nourished them, and all his father's house,
allowing food to every one.
47:13. For in the whole world there was want of bread, and
a famine had oppressed the land, more especially of Egypt
47:14. Out of which he gathered up all the money for the
corn which they bought, and brought it in to the king's
47:15. And when the buyers wanted money, all Egypt came to
Joseph, saying: Give us bread: why should we die in thy
presence, having now no money?
47:16. And he answered them: Bring me your cattle, and for
them I will give you food, if you have no money.
47:17. And when they had brought them, he gave them food in
exchange for their horses, and sheep, and oxen, and asses:
and he maintained them that year for the exchange of their
47:18. And they came the second year, and said to him: We
will not hide from our lord, how that our money is spent,
and our cattle also are gone: neither art thou ignorant
that we have nothing now left but our bodies and our lands.
47:19. Why therefore shall we die before thy eyes? we will
be thine, both we and our lands: buy us to be the king's
servants, and give us seed, lest for want of tillers the
land be turned into a wilderness.
47:20. So Joesph bought all the land of Egypt, every man
selling his possessions, because of the greatness of the
famine. And he brought it into Pharao's hands:
47:21. And all its people from one end of the borders of
Egypt, even to the other end thereof,
47:22. Except the land of the priests, which had been given
them by the king: to whom also a certain allowance of food
was given out of the public stores, and therefore they were
not forced to sell their possessions.
47:23. Then Joseph said to the people: Behold, as you see,
both you and your lands belong to Pharao; take seed and
sow the fields,
47:24. That you may have corn. The fifth part you shall
give to the king; the other four you shall have for seed,
and for food for your families and children.
47:25. And they answered: our life is in thy hand; only let
my lord look favourably upon us, and we will gladly serve
47:26. From that time unto this day, in the whole land of
Egypt, the fifth part is paid to the kings, and it is
become as a law, except the land of the priests, which was
free from this covenant.
47:27. So Israel dwelt in Egypt, that is, in the land of
Gessen, and possessed it; and grew, and was multiplied
47:28. And he lived in it seventeen years: and all the days
of his life came to a hundred and forty-seven years.
47:29. And when he saw that the day of his death drew nigh,
he called his son Joseph, and said to him: If I have found
favour in thy sight, put thy hand under my thigh; and thou
shalt shew me this kindness and truth, not to bury me in
47:30. But I will sleep with my fathers, and thou shalt
take me away out of this land, and bury me in the burying
place of my ancestors. And Joseph answered him: I will do
what thou hast commanded.
47:31. And he said: Swear then to me. And as he was
swearing, Israel adored God, turning to the bed's head.
To the bed's head... St. Paul, Heb. 11.21, following the
Greek translation of the Septuagint, reads adored the top
of his rod. Where note, that the same word in the Hebrew,
according to the different pointing of it, signifies both
a bed and a rod. And to verify both these sentences, we
must understand that Jacob leaning on Joseph's rod adored,
turning towards the head of his bed: which adoration,
inasmuch as it was referred to God, was an absolute and
sovereign worship: but inasmuch as it was referred to the
rod of Joseph, as a figure of the sceptre, that is, of the
royal dignity of Christ, was only an inferior and relative
Genesis Chapter 48
Joseph visiteth his father in his sickness, who adopteth
his two sons Manasses and Ephraim, and blesseth them,
preferring the younger before the elder.
48:1. After these things, it was told Joseph that his
father was sick; and he set out to go to him, taking his
two sons Manasses and Ephraim.
48:2. And it was told the old man: Behold thy son Joseph
cometh to thee. And being strengthened, he sat on his bed.
48:3. And when Joseph was come in to him, he said: God
almighty apppeared to me at Luza, which is in the land of
Chanaan, and he blessed me,
48:4. And said: I will cause thee to increase and multiply,
and I will make of thee a multitude of people: and I will
give this land to thee, and to thy seed after thee for an
48:5. So thy two sons, who were born to thee in the land of
Egypt before I came hither to thee, shall be mine: Ephraim
and Manasses shall be reputed to me as Ruben and Simeon.
48:6. But the rest whom thou shalt have after them, shall
be thine, and shall be called by the name of their brethren
in their possessions.
48:7. For, when I came out of Mesopotamia, Rachel died from
me in the land of Chanaan in the very journey, and it was
spring time: and I was going to Ephrata, and I buried her
near the way of Ephrata, which by another name is called
48:8. Then seeing his sons, he said to him: Who are these?
48:9. He answered: They are my sons, whom God hath given me
in this place. And he said: Bring them to me, that I may
48:10. For Israel's eyes were dim by reason of his great
age, and he could not see clearly. And when they were
brought to him, he kissed and embraced them,
48:11. And said to his son: I am not deprived of seeing
thee; moreover God hath shewn me thy seed.
48:12. And when Joseph had taken them from his father's
lap, he bowed down with his face to the ground.
48:13. And he set Ephraim on his right hand, that is,
towards the left hand of Israel; but Manasses on his left
hand, to wit, towards his father's right hand, and brought
them near to him.
48:14. But he, stretching forth his right hand, put it upon
the head of Ephraim, the younger brother; and the left upon
the head of Manasses, who was the elder, changing his
48:15. And Jacob blessed the sons of Joseph, and said: God,
in whose sight my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, God
that feedeth me from my youth until this day:
48:16. The angel that delivereth me from all evils, bless
these boys: and let my name be called upon them, and the
names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and may they grow
into a multitude upon the earth.
48:17. And Joseph seeing that his father had put his right
hand upon the head of Ephraim, was much displeased: and
taking his father's hand, he tried to lift it from
Ephraim's head, and to remove it to the head of Manasses.
48:18. And he said to his father: It should not be so, my
father; for this is the firstborn, put thy right hand upon
48:19. But he refusing, said: I know, my son, I know: and
this also shall become a people, and shall be multiplied;
but his younger brother shall be greater than he; and his
seed shall grow into nations.
48:20. And he blessed them at that time, saying: In thee
shall Israel be blessed, and it shall be said: God do to
thee as to Ephraim, and as to Manasses. And he set Ephraim
48:21. And he said to Joseph, his son: Behold I die, and
God will be with you, and will bring you back into the land
of your fathers.
48:22. I give thee a portion above thy brethren, which I
took out of the hand of the Amorrhite with my sword and
Genesis Chapter 49
Jacob's prophetical blessings of his twelve sons: his
49:1. And Jacob called his sons, and said to them: Gather
yourselves together, that I may tell you the things that
shall befall you in the last days.
49:2. Gather yourselves together, and hear, O ye sons of
Jacob, hearken to Israel, your father:
49:3. Ruben, my firstborn, thou art my strength, and the
beginning of my sorrow; excelling in gifts, greater in
My strength, etc... He calls him his strength, as being
born whilst his father was in his full strength and
vigour: he calls him the beginning of his sorrow, because
cares and sorrows usually come on with the birth of
children. Excelling in gifts, etc., because the firstborn
had a title to a double portion, and to have the command
over his brethren, which Ruben forfeited by his sin; being
poured out as water, that is, spilt and lost.
49:4. Thou art poured out as water, grow thou not;
because thou wentest up to thy father's bed, and didst
defile his couch.
Grow thou not... This was not meant by way of a curse or
imprecation; but by way of a prophecy foretelling that the
tribe of Ruben should not inherit the pre-eminences
usually annexed to the first birthright, viz., the double
portion, the being prince or lord over the other brethren,
and the priesthood: of which the double portion was given
to Joseph, the princely office to Juda, and the priesthood
49:5. Simeon and Levi brethren: vessels of iniquity waging
49:6. Let not my soul go into their counsel, nor my glory
be in their assembly: because in their fury they slew a
man, and in their selfwill they undermined a wall.
Slew a man,... viz., Sichem the son of Hemor, with all his
people, Gen. 34.; mystically and prophetically it alludes
to Christ, whom their posterity, viz., the priests and the
scribes, put to death.
49:7. Cursed be their fury, because it was stubborn: and
their wrath, because it was cruel: I will divide them in
Jacob, and will scatter them in Israel.
49:8. Juda, thee shall thy brethren praise: thy hand shall
be on the necks of thy enemies; the sons of thy father
shall bow down to thee.
49:9. Juda is a lion's whelp: to the prey, my son, thou art
gone up: resting thou hast couched as a lion, and as a
lioness, who shall rouse him?
A lion's whelp, etc... This blessing of Juda foretelleth
the strength of his tribe, the fertility of his
inheritance; and principally that the sceptre and
legislative power should not be utterly taken away from his
race till about the time of the coming of Christ: as in
effect it never was: which is a demonstration against the
modern Jews, that the Messiah is long since come; for the
sceptre has long since been utterly taken away from Juda.
49:10. The sceptre shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a
ruler from his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and
he shall be the expectation of nations.
49:11. Tying his foal to the vineyard, and his ass, O my
son, to the vine. He shall wash his robe in wine, and his
garment in the blood of the grape.
49:12. His eyes are more beautiful than wine, and his teeth
whiter than milk.
49:13. Zabulon shall dwell on the seashore, and in the road
of ships, reaching as far as Sidon.
49:14. Issachar shall be a strong ass, lying down between
49:15. He saw rest that it was good: and the land that it
was excellent: and he bowed his shoulder to carry, and
became a servant under tribute.
49:16. Dan shall judge his people like another tribe in
Dan shall judge, etc... This was verified in Samson, who
was of the tribe of Dan, and began to deliver Israel.
Judges 13.5. But as this deliverance was but temporal and
very imperfect, the holy patriarch (ver. 18) aspires after
another kind of deliverer, saying: I will look for thy
salvation, O Lord.
49:17. Let Dan be a snake in the way, a serpent in the
path, that biteth the horse's heels, that his rider may
49:18. I will look for thy salvation, O Lord.
49:19. Gad, being girded, shall fight before him: and he
himself shall be girded backward.
Gad being girded, etc... It seems to allude to the tribe
of Gad; when after they had received for their lot the
land of Galaad, they marched in arms before the rest of
the Israelites, to the conquest of the land of Chanaan:
from whence they afterwards returned loaded with spoils.
See Jos. 4. and 12.
49:20. Aser, his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield
dainties to kings.
49:21. Nephthali, a hart let loose, and giving words of
49:22. Joseph is a growing son, a growing son and comely to
behold: the daughters run to and fro upon the wall;
Run to and fro, etc... To behold his beauty; whilst his
envious brethren turned their darts against him, etc.
49:23. But they that held darts, provoked him, and
quarrelled with him, and envied him.
49:24. His bow rested upon the strong, and the bands of his
arms and his hands were loosed, by the hands of the mighty
one of Jacob: thence he came forth a pastor, the stone of
His bow rested upon the strong, etc... That is, upon God,
who was his strength: who also loosed his bands, and
brought him out of prison to be the pastor, that is, the
feeder and ruler of Egypt, and the stone, that is, the
rock and support of Israel.
49:25. The God of thy father shall be thy helper, and the
Almighty shall bless thee with the blessings of heaven
above, with the blessings of the deep that lieth beneath,
with the blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
49:26. The blessings of thy father are strengthened with
the blessings of his fathers: until the desire of the
everlasting hills should come: may they be upon the head of
Joseph, and upon the crown of the Nazarite among his
The blessings of thy father, etc... That is, thy father's
blessings are made more prevalent and effectual in thy
regard, by the additional strength they receive from his
inheriting the blessings of his progenitors Abraham and
Isaac. The desire of the everlasting hills, etc... These
blessings all looked forward towards Christ, called the
desire of the everlasting hills, as being longed for, as
it were, by the whole creation. Mystically, the patriarchs
and prophets are called the everlasting hills, by reason
of the eminence of their wisdom and holiness. The
Nazarite... This word signifies one separated; and agrees
to Joseph, as being separated from, and more eminent than,
his brethren. As the ancient Nazarites were so called from
their being set aside for God, and vowed to him.
49:27. Benjamin a ravenous wolf, in the morning shall eat
the prey, and in the evening shall divide the spoil.
49:28. All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: these
things their father spoke to them, and he blessed every one
with their proper blessings.
49:29. And he charged them, saying: I am now going to be
gathered to my people: bury me with my fathers in the
double cave, which is in the field of Ephron the Hethite,
To be gathered to my people... That is, I am going to die,
and so to follow my ancestors that are gone before me, and
to join their company in another world.
49:30. Over against Mambre, in the land of Chanaan, which
Abraham bought together with the field, of Ephron the
Hethite, for a possession to bury in.
49:31. There they buried him, and Sara his wife: there was
Isaac buried with Rebecca, his wife: there also Lia doth
49:32. And when he had ended the commandments, wherewith he
instructed his sons, he drew up his feet upon the bed, and
died: and he was gathered to his people.
Genesis Chapter 50
The mourning for Jacob, and his interment. Joseph's
kindness towards his brethren. His death.
50:1. And when Joseph saw this, he fell upon his father's
face, weeping and kissing him.
50:2. And he commanded his servants, the physicians, to
embalm his father.
50:3. And while they were fulfilling his commands, there
passed forty days: for this was the manner with bodies that
were embalmed, and Egypt mourned for him seventy days.
50:4. And the time of the mourning being expired, Joseph
spoke to the family of Pharao: If I have found favour in
your sight, speak in the ears of Pharao:
50:5. For my father made me swear to him, saying: Behold I
die; thou shalt bury me in my sepulchre which I have digged
for myself in the land of Chanaan. So I will go up and bury
my father, and return.
50:6. And Pharao said to him: Go up and bury thy father
according as he made thee swear.
50:7. So he went up, and there went with him all the
ancients of Pharao's house, and all the elders of the land
50:8. And the house of Joseph with his brethren, except
their children, and their flocks and herds, which they left
in the land of Gessen.
50:9. He had also in his train chariots and horsemen: and
it was a great company.
50:10. And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which
is situated beyond the Jordan: where celebrating the
exequies with a great and vehement lamentation, they spent
full seven days.
50:11. And when the inhabitants of Chanaan saw this, they
said: This is a great mourning to the Egyptians. And
therefore the name of that place was called, The mourning
50:12. So the sons of Jacob did as he had commanded them.
50:13. And carrying him into the land of Chanaan, they
buried him in the double cave, which Abraham had bought
together with the field for a possession of a burying
place, of Ehpron, the Hethite, over against Mambre.
50:14. And Joseph returned into Egypt with his brethren,
and all that were in his company, after he had buried his
50:15. Now he being dead, his brethren were afraid, and
talked one with another: Lest perhaps he should remember
the wrong he suffered, and requite us all the evil that we
did to him.
50:16. And they sent a message to him, saying: Thy father
commanded us before he died,
50:17. That we should say thus much to thee from him: I
beseech thee to forget the wickedness of thy brethren, and
the sin and malice they practised against thee: we also
pray thee, to forgive the servants of the God of thy father
this wickedness. And when Joseph heard this, he wept.
50:18. And his brethren came to him; and worshipping
prostrate on the ground, they said: We are thy servants.
50:19. And he answered them: Fear not: can we resist the
will of God?
50:20. You thought evil against me: but God turned it into
good, that he might exalt me, as at present you see, and
might save many people.
50:21. Fear not: I will feed you and your children. And he
comforted them, and spoke gently and mildly.
50:22. And he dwelt in Egypt with all his father's house;
and lived a hundred and ten years. And he saw the children
of Ephraim to the third generation. The children also of
Machir, the sons of Manasses, were born on Joseph's knees.
50:23. After which he told his brethren: God will visit you
after my death, and will make you go up out of this land,
to the land which he swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
50:24. And he made them swear to him, saying: God will
visit you, carry my bones with you out of this place:
50:25. And he died, being a hundred and ten years old. And
being embalmed, he was laid in a coffin in Egypt.
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