THE BOOK OF EXODUS
The Second Book of Moses is called EXODUS, from the Greek
word EXODOS, which signifies going out: because it contains
the history of the going out of the children of Israel out
of Egypt. The Hebrews, from the words with which it begins,
call it VEELLE SEMOTH: These are the names. It contains
transactions for 145 years; that is, from the death of
Joseph to the erecting of the tabernacle.
Exodus Chapter 1
The Israelites are multiplied in Egypt. They are oppressed
by a new king, who commandeth all their male children to be
1:1. These are the names of the children of Israel, that
went into Egypt with Jacob: they went in every man with his
1:2. Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Juda,
1:3. Issachar, Zabulon, and Benjamin,
1:4. Dan, and Nephthali, Gad and Aser.
1:5. And all the souls that came out of Jacob's thigh, were
seventy: but Joseph was in Egypt.
1:6. After he was dead, and all his brethren, and all that
1:7. The children of Israel increased, and sprung up into
multitudes, and growing exceedingly strong they filled the
1:8. In the mean time there arose a new king over Egypt,
that knew not Joseph:
1:9. And he said to his people: Behold the people of the
children of Israel are numerous and stronger than we.
1:10. Come let us wisely oppress them, lest they multiply:
and if any war shall rise against us, join with our
enemies, and having overcome us, depart out of the land.
1:11. Therefore he set over them masters of the works, to
afflict them with burdens: and they built for Pharao cities
of tabernacles, Phithom, and Ramesses.
Of tabernacles... Or, of storehouses.
1:12. But the more they oppressed them, the more they were
multiplied and increased.
1:13. And the Egyptians hated the children of Israel, and
afflicted them and mocked them:
1:14. And they made their life bitter with hard works in
clay and brick, and with all manner of service, wherewith
they were overcharged in the works of the earth.
1:15. And the king of Egypt spoke to the midwives of the
Hebrews: of whom one was called Sephora, the other Phua,
1:16. Commanding them: When you shall do the office of
midwives to the Hebrew women, and the time of delivery is
come: if it be a man child, kill it: if a woman, keep it
1:17. But the midwives feared God, and did not do as the
king of Egypt had commanded, but saved the men children.
1:18: And the king called for them and said: What is it
that you meant to do, that you would save the men children?
1:19. They answered: The Hebrew women are not as the
Egyptian women: for they themselves are skilful in the
office of a midwife; and they are delivered before we come
1:20. Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the
people multiplied and grew exceedingly strong.
1:21. And because the midwives feared God, he built them
Because the midwives feared God, etc... The midwives were
rewarded, not for their lie, which was a venial sin; but
for their fear of God, and their humanity: but this reward
was only temporal, in building them houses, that is, in
establishing and enriching their families.
1:22. Pharao therefore charged all his people, saying:
Whatsoever shall be born of the male sex, ye shall cast
into the river: whatsoever of the female, ye shall save
Exodus Chapter 2
Moses is born and exposed on the bank of the river; where
he is taken up by the daughter of Pharao, and adopted for
her son. He killeth an Egyptian, and fleeth into Madian;
where he marrieth a wife.
2:1. After this there went a man of the house of Levi; and
took a wife of his own kindred.
2:2. And she conceived, and bore a son: and seeing him a
goodly child, hid him three months.
2:3. And when she could hide him no longer, she took a
basket made of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and
pitch: and put the little babe therein, and laid him in the
sedges by the river's brink,
2:4. His sister standing afar off, and taking notice what
would be done.
2:5. And behold the daughter of Pharao came down to wash
herself in the river: and her maids walked by the river's
brink. And when she saw the basket in the sedges she sent
one of her maids for it: and when it was brought,
2:6. She opened it, and seeing within it an infant crying,
having compassion on it, she said: This is one of the babes
of the Hebrews.
2:7. And the child's sister said to her: Shall I go, and
call to thee a Hebrew woman, to nurse the babe?
2:8. She answered: Go. The maid went and called her mother.
2:9. And Pharao's daughter said to her: Take this child,
and nurse him for me: I will give thee thy wages. The
woman took and nursed the child: and when he was grown up,
she delivered him to Pharao's daughter.
2:10. And she adopted him for a son, and called him Moses,
saying: Because I took him out of the water.
Moses... Or Moyses, in the Egyptian tongue, signifies one
taken or saved out of the water.
2:11. In those days, after Moses was grown up, he went out
to his brethren: and saw their affliction, and an Egyptian
striking one of the Hebrews, his brethren.
2:12. And when he had looked about this way and that way,
and saw no one there, he slew the Egyptian and hid him in
He slew the Egyptian... This he did by a particular
inspiration of God; as a prelude to his delivering the
people from their oppression and bondage. He thought, says
St. Stephen, Acts 7.25, that his brethren understood that
God by his hand would save them. But such particular and
extraordinary examples are not to be imitated.
2:13. And going out the next day, he saw two Hebrews
quarrelling: and he said to him that did the wrong: Why
strikest thou thy neighbour?
2:14. But he answered: Who hath appointed thee prince and
judge over us? wilt thou kill me, as thou didst yesterday
kill the Egyptian? Moses feared, and said: How is this come
to be known?
2:15. And Pharao heard of this word, and sought to kill
Moses: but he fled from his sight, and abode in the land of
Madian, and he sat down by a well.
Madian... A city and country of Arabia, which took its name
from Madian the son of Abraham, by Cetura, and was peopled
by his posterity.
2:16. And the priest of Madian had seven daughters, who
came to draw water: and when the troughs were filled,
desired to water their father's flocks.
2:17. And the shepherds came and drove them away: and Moses
arose, and defending the maids, watered their sheep.
2:18: And when they returned to Raguel their father, he
said to them: Why are ye come sooner than usual?
Raguel... He had two names, being also called Jethro, as
appears from the first verse of the following chapter.
2:19. They answered: A man of Egypt delivered us from the
hands of the shepherds: and he drew water also with us, and
gave the sheep to drink.
2:20. But he said: Where is he? why have you let the man
go? call him that he may eat bread.
2:21. And Moses swore that he would dwell with him. And he
took Sephora his daughter to wife:
2:22. And she bore him a son, whom he called Gersam,
saying: I have been a stranger in a foreign country. And
she bore another, whom he called Eliezer, saying: For the
God of my father, my helper, hath delivered me out of the
hand of Pharao.
Gersam... Or Gershom. This name signifies a stranger there:
as Eliezer signifies the help of God.
2:23. Now after a long time the king of Egypt died: and the
children of Israel groaning, cried out because of the
works: and their cry went up unto God from the works.
2:24. And he heard their groaning, and remembered the
covenant which he made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
2:25. And the Lord looked upon the children of Israel, and
he knew them.
Knew them... That is, he had respect to them, he cast a
merciful eye upon them.
Exodus Chapter 3
God appeareth to Moses in a bush, and sendeth him to
3:1. Now Moses fed the sheep of Jethro, his father in law,
the priest of Madian: and he drove the flock to the inner
parts of the desert, and came to the mountain of God,
3:2. And the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of
the midst of a bush: and he saw that the bush was on fire,
and was not burnt.
The Lord appeared... That is, an angel representing God,
and speaking in his name.
3:3. And Moses said: I will go, and see this great sight,
why the bush is not burnt.
3:4. And when the Lord saw that he went forward to see, he
called to him out of the midst of the bush. and said:
Moses, Moses. And he answered: Here I am.
3:5. And he said: Come not nigh hither, put off the shoes
from thy feet; for the place, whereon thou standest, is
3:6. And he said: I am the God of thy father, the God of
Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Moses hid
his face: for he durst not look at God.
3:7. And the Lord said to him: I have seen the affliction
of my people in Egypt, and I have heard their cry because
of the rigour of them that are over the works;
3:8. And knowing their sorrow, I am come down to deliver
them out of the hands of the Egyptians, and to bring them
out of that land into a good and spacious land, into a land
that floweth with milk and honey, to the places of the
Chanaanite, and Hethite, and Amorrhite, and Pherezite, and
Hevite, and Jebusite.
3:9. For the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me:
and I have seen their affliction, wherewith they are
oppressed by the Egyptians.
3:10. But come, and I will send thee to Pharao, that thou
mayst bring forth my people, the children of Israel, out of
3:11. And Moses said to God: Who am I that I should go to
Pharao, and should bring forth the children of Israel out
3:12. And he said to him: I will be with thee; and this
thou shalt have for a sign that I have sent thee: When thou
shalt have brought my people out of Egypt, thou shalt offer
sacrifice to God upon this mountain.
3:13. Moses said to God: Lo, I shall go to the children of
Israel, and say to them: The God of your fathers hath sent
me to you. If they shall say to me: What is his name? What
shall I say to them?
3:14. God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt
thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me
I am who am... That is, I am being itself, eternal,
self-existent, independent, infinite; without beginning,
end, or change; and the source of all other beings.
3:15. And God said again to Moses: Thus shalt thou say to
the children of Israel: The Lord God of your fathers the
God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob hath
sent me to you; this is my name for ever, and this is my
memorial unto all generations.
3:16. Go and gather together the ancients of Israel, and
thou shalt say to them: The Lord God of your fathers, the
God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob,
hath appeared to me, saying: Visiting I have visited you;
and I have seen all that hath befallen you in Egypt.
3:17. And I have said the word to bring you forth out of
the affliction of Egypt, into the land of the Chanaanite,
and Hethite, and Amorrhite, and Pherezite, and Hevite, and
Jebusite, to a land that floweth with milk and honey.
3:18: And they shall hear thy voice; and thou shalt go in,
thou and the ancients of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and
thou shalt say to him: The Lord God of the Hebrews hath
called us; we will go three days' journey into the
wilderness, to sacrifice unto the Lord our God.
3:19. But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you
go, but by a mighty hand.
3:20. For I will stretch forth my hand, and will strike
Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst of
them: after these he will let you go.
3:21. And I will give favour to this people, in the sight
of the Egyptians: and when you go forth, you shall not
3:22. But every woman shall ask of her neighbour, and of
her that is in her house, vessels of silver and of gold,
and raiment: and you shall put them on your sons and
daughters, and shall spoil Egypt.
Shall spoil, etc... That is, you shall strip, and take away
the goods of the Egyptians. This was not authorizing theft
or injustice; but was a just disposal made by Him, who is
the great lord and master of all things, in order to pay
the children of Israel some part of what was due to them
from the Egyptians for their labours.
Exodus Chapter 4
Moses is empowered to confirm his mission with miracles:
his brother Aaron is appointed to assist him.
4:1. Moses answered, and said: They will not believe me,
nor hear my voice, but they will say: The Lord hath not
appeared to thee.
4:2. Then he said to him: What is that thou holdest in thy
hand? He answered: A rod.
4:3. And the Lord said: Cast it down upon the ground. He
cast it down, and it was turned into a serpent, so that
Moses fled from it.
4:4. And the Lord said: Put out thy hand, and take it by
the tail. He put forth his hand, and took hold of it, and
it was turned into a rod.
4:5. That they may believe, saith he, that the Lord God of
their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and
the God of Jacob, hath appeared to thee.
4:6. And the Lord said again: Put thy hand into thy bosom.
And when he had put it into his bosom, he brought it forth
leprous as snow.
4:7. And he said: Put back thy hand into thy bosom. He put
it back, and brought it out again, and it was like the
4:8. If they will not believe thee, saith he, nor hear the
voice of the former sign, they will believe the word of the
4:9. But if they will not even believe these two signs, nor
hear thy voice: take of the river water, and pour it out
upon the dry land, and whatsoever thou drawest out of the
river, shall be turned into blood.
4:10. Moses said: I beseech thee, Lord, I am not eloquent
from yesterday and the day before; and since thou hast
spoken to thy servant, I have more impediment and slowness
4:11. The Lord said to him: Who made man's mouth? or who
made the dumb and the deaf, the seeing and the blind? did
4:12. Go therefore, and I will be in thy mouth; and I will
teach thee what thou shalt speak.
4:13. But he said: I beseech thee, Lord, send whom thou
4:14. The Lord being angry at Moses, said: Aaron the Levite
is thy brother, I know that he is eloquent: behold he
cometh forth to meet thee, and seeing thee, shall be glad
4:15. Speak to him, and put my words in his mouth: and I
will be in thy mouth, and in his month, and will shew you
what you must do.
4:16. He shall speak in thy stead to the people, and shall
be thy mouth: but thou shalt be to him in those things that
pertain to God.
4:17. And take this rod in thy hand. wherewith thou shalt
do the signs.
4:18: Moses went his way, and returned to Jethro his father
in law, and said to him; I will go and return to my
brethren into Egypt, that I may see if they be yet alive.
And Jethro said to him: Go in peace.
4:19. And the Lord said to Moses, in Madian: Go, and return
into Egypt; for they are all dead that sought thy life.
4:20. Moses therefore took his wife, and his sons, and set
them upon an ass; and returned into Egypt, carrying the rod
of God in his hand.
4:21. And the Lord said to him as he was returning into
Egypt: See that thou do all the wonders before Pharao,
which I have put in thy hand: I shall harden his heart, and
he will not let the people go.
I shall harden, etc... Not by being the efficient cause of
his sin; but by withdrawing from him, for his just
punishment, the dew of grace that might have softened his
heart; and so suffering him to grow harder and harder.
4:22. And thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord:
Israel is my son, my firstborn.
4:23. I have said to thee: Let my son go, that he may serve
me, and thou wouldst not let him go: behold I will kill thy
son, thy firstborn.
4:24. And when he was in his journey, in the inn, the Lord
met him, and would have killed him.
The Lord met him, and would have killed him... This was an
angel representing the Lord, who treated Moses in this
manner, for having neglected the circumcision of his
younger son; which his wife understanding, circumcised her
child upon the spot, upon which the angel let Moses go.
4:25. Immediately Sephora took a very sharp stone, and
circumcised the foreskin of her son, and touched his feet,
and said: A bloody spouse art thou to me.
4:26. And he let him go after she had said: A bloody spouse
art thou to me, because of the circumcision.
4:27. And the Lord said to Aaron: Go into the desert to
meet Moses. And he went forth to meet him in the mountain
of God, and kissed him.
4:28. And Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord, by
which he had sent him, and the signs that he had commanded.
4:29. And they came together, and they assembled all the
ancients of the children of Israel.
4:30. And Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had said
to Moses: and he wrought the signs before the people.
4:31. And the people believed. And they heard that the Lord
had visited the children of Israel, and that he had looked
upon their affliction: and falling down they adored.
Exodus Chapter 5
Pharao refuseth to let the people go. They are more
5:1. After these things, Moses and Aaron went in, and said
to Pharao: Thus saith the Lord God of Israel: Let my people
go, that they may sacrifice to me in the desert.
5:2. But he answered: Who is the Lord, that I should hear
his voice, and let Israel go? I know not the Lord, neither
will I let Israel go.
5:3. And they said: The God of the Hebrews hath called us,
to go three days' journey into the wilderness, and to
sacrifice to the Lord our God; lest a pestilence or the
sword fall upon us.
5:4. The king of Egypt said to them: Why do you Moses and
Aaron draw off the people from their works? Get you gone
to your burdens.
5:5. And Pharao said: The people of the land are numerous;
you see that the multitude is increased; how much more if
you give them rest from their works?
5:6. Therefore he commanded the same day the overseers of
the works, and the task-masters of the people, saying:
5:7. You shall give straw no more to the people to make
brick, as before; but let them go and gather straw.
5:8. And you shall lay upon them the task of bricks, which
they did before; neither shall you diminish any thing
thereof, for they are idle, and therefore they cry.
saying: Let us go and sacrifice to our God.
5:9. Let them be oppressed with works, and let them fulfil
them; that they may not regard lying words.
5:10. And the overseers of the works, and the taskmasters,
went out and said to the people: Thus saith Pharao: I allow
you no straw;
5:11. Go, and gather it where you can find it; neither
shall any thing of your work be diminished.
5:12. And the people was scattered through all the land of
Egypt to gather straw.
5:13. And the overseers of the works pressed them, saying:
Fulfil your work every day, as before ye were wont to do,
when straw was given you.
5:14. And they that were over the works of the children of
Israel, were scourged by Pharao's taskmasters, saying: Why
have you not made up the task of bricks, both yesterday and
to day, as before?
5:15. And the officers of the children of Israel came, and
cried out to Pharao, saying: Why dealest thou so with thy
5:16. Straw is not given us, and bricks are required of us
as before; behold we, thy servants, are beaten with whips,
and thy people is unjustly dealt withal.
5:17. And he said: You are idle, and therefore you say: Let
us go and sacrifice to the Lord.
5:18: Go therefore and work: straw shall not be given you,
and you shall deliver the accustomed number of bricks.
5:19. And the officers of the children of Israel saw that
they were in evil case, because it was said to them: There
shall not a whit be diminished of the bricks for every day.
5:20. And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood over against
them as they came out from Pharao:
5:21. And they said to them: The Lord see and judge,
because you have, made our savour to stink before Pharao
and his servants, and you have given him a sword, to kill
5:22. And Moses returned to the Lord, and said: Lord, why
hast thou afflicted this people? wherefore hast thou sent
5:23. For since the time that I went in to Pharao to speak
in thy name, he hath afflicted thy people: and thou hast
not delivered them.
Exodus Chapter 6
God reneweth his promise. The genealogies of Ruben, Simon
and Levi, down to Moses and Aaron.
6;1. And the Lord said to Moses: Now thou shalt see what I
will do to Pharao: for by a mighty hand shall he let them
go, and with a strong hand shall he cast them out of his
6:2. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: I am the Lord
6:3. That appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, by
the name of God Almighty: and my name ADONAI I did not shew
My name Adonai... The name, which is in the Hebrew text, is
that most proper name of God, which signifieth his eternal,
self-existent being, Ex. 3.14, which the Jews out of
reverence never pronounce; but, instead of it, whenever it
occurs in the Bible, they read Adonai, which signifies the
Lord; and, therefore, they put the points or vowels, which
belong to the name Adonai, to the four letters of that
other ineffable name Jod, He, Vau, He. Hence some moderns
have framed the name Jehovah, unknown to all the ancients,
whether Jews or Christians; for the true pronunciation of
the name, which is in the Hebrew text, by long disuse, is
now quite lost.
6:4. And I made a covenant with them, to give them the land
of Chanaan, the land of their pilgrimage wherein they were
6:5. I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel,
wherewith the Egyptians have oppressed them: and I have
remembered my covenant.
6:6. Therefore say to the children of lsrael: I am the Lord
who will bring you out from the work-prison of the
Egyptians, and will deliver you from bondage: and redeem
you with a high arm, and great judgments.
6:7. And I will take you to myself for my people, I will be
your God: and you shall know that I am the Lord your God,
who brought you out from the work-prison of the Egyptians:
6:8. And brought you into the land, concerning which I
lifted up my hand to give it to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob:
and I will give it you to possess: I am the Lord.
6:9. And Moses told all this to the children of Israel: but
they did not hearken to him, for anguish of spirit, and
most painful work.
6:10. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:11. Go in, and speak to Pharao king of Egypt, that he let
the children of Israel go out of his land.
6:12. Moses answered before the Lord: Behold the children
of Israel do not hearken to me: and how will Pharao hear
me, especially as I am of uncircumcised lips?
Uncircumcised lips... So he calls the defect he had in his
words, or utterance.
6:13. And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and he gave
them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharao
the king of Egypt, that they should bring forth the
children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
6:14. These are the heads of their houses by their
families. The sons of Ruben the firstborn of Israel: Henoch
and Phallu, Hesron and Charmi.
6:15. These are the kindreds of Ruben. The sons of Simeon,
Jamuel and Jamin, and Ahod, and Jachin, and Soar, and Saul
the son of a Chanaanitess: these are the families of
6:16. And these are the names of the sons of Levi by their
kindreds: Gerson, and Caath, and Merari. And the years of
the life of Levi were a hundred and thirty- seven.
6:17. The sons of Gerson: Lobni and Semei, by their
6:18: The sons of Caath: Amram, and Isaar, and Hebron and
Oziel. And the years of Caath's life, were a hundred and
6:19. The sons of Merari: Moholi and Musi. These are the
kindreds of Levi by their families.
6:20. And Amram took to wife Jochabed his aunt by the
father's side: and she bore him Aaron and Moses. And the
years of Amram's life, were a hundred and thirty-seven.
6:21. The sons also of Isaar: Core, and Nepheg, and Zechri.
6:22. The sons also of Oziel: Mizael, and Elizaphan, and
6:23. And Aaron took to wife Elizabeth the daughter of
Aminadab, sister of Nahason, who bore him Nadab, and Abiu,
and Eleazar, and Ithamar.
6:24. The sons also of Core: Aser, and Elcana, and
Abiasaph. These are the kindreds of the Corites.
6:25. But Eleazar the son of Aaron took a wife of the
daughters of Phutiel: and she bore him Phinees. These are
the heads of the Levitical families by their kindreds.
6:26. These are Aaron and Moses, whom the Lord commanded to
bring forth the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt
by their companies.
6:27. These are they that speak to Pharao, king of Egypt,
in order to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt:
these are that Moses and Aaron,
6:28. In the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in the land
6:29. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: I am the Lord;
speak thou to Pharao, king of Egypt, all that I say to
6:30. And Moses said before the Lord: Lo I am of
uncircumcised lips, how will Pharao hear me?
Exodus Chapter 7
Moses and Aaron go into Pharao: they turn the rod into a
serpent; and the waters of Egypt into blood, which was the
first plague. The magicians do the like, and Pharao's heart
7:1. And the Lord said to Moses: Behold, I have appointed
thee the god of Pharao; and Aaron, thy brother, shall be
The god of Pharao... Viz., to be his judge; and to exercise
a divine power, as God's instrument, over him and his
7:2. Thou shalt speak to him all that I command thee; and
he shall speak to Pharao, that he let the children of
Israel go out of his land.
7:3. But I shall harden his heart, and shall multiply my
signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.
I shall harden, etc... not by being the efficient cause of
his hardness of heart, but by permitting it; and by
withdrawing grace from him, in punishment of his malice;
which alone was the proper cause of his being hardened.
7:4. And he will not hear you: and I will lay my hand upon
Egypt, and will bring forth my army and my people, the
children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt, by very great
7:5. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, who
have stretched forth my hand upon Egypt, and have brought
forth the children of Israel out of the midst of them.
7:6. And Moses and Aaron did as the Lord had commanded; so
7:7. And Moses was eighty years old, and Aaron eighty-
three, when they spoke to Pharao.
7:8. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron:
7:9. When Pharao shall say to you, Shew signs; thou shalt
say to Aaron: Take thy rod, and cast it down before Pharao,
and it shall be turned into a serpent.
7:10. So Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharao, and did as
the Lord had commanded. And Aaron took the rod before
Pharao and his servants, and it was turned into a serpent.
7:11. And Pharao called the wise men and the magicians; and
they also by Egyptian enchantments and certain secrets, did
in like manner.
Magicians... Jannes, and Mambres, or Jambres, 2 Tim. 3.8.
7:12. And they every one cast down their rods, and they
were turned into serpents: but Aaron's rod devoured their
7:13. And Pharao's heart was hardened, and he did not
hearken to them, as the Lord had commanded.
7:14. And the Lord said to Moses: Pharao's heart is
hardened, he will not let the people go.
7:15. Go to him in the morning, behold he will go out to
the waters: and thou shalt stand to meet him on the ' bank
of the river: and thou shalt take in thy hand the rod that
was turned into a serpent.
7:16. And thou shalt say to him: The Lord God of the
Hebrews sent me to thee, saying: Let my people go to
sacrifice to me in the desert: and hitherto thou wouldst
7:17. Thus therefore saith the Lord: In this thou shalt
know that I am the Lord: behold I will strike with the rod,
that is in my hand, the water of the river, and it shall be
turned into blood.
7:18: And the fishes that are in the river, shall die, and
the waters shall be corrupted, and the Egyptians shall be
afflicted when they drink the water of the river.
7:19. The Lord also said to Moses: Say to Aaron, Take thy
rod; and stretch forth thy hand upon the waters of Egypt,
and upon their rivers, and streams and pools, and all the
ponds of waters, that they may be turned into blood: and
let blood be in all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of
wood and of stone.
7:20. And Moses and Aaron did as the Lord had commanded:
and lifting up the rod, he struck the water of the river
before Pharao and his servants: and it was turned into
7:21. And the fishes that were in the river died; and the
river corrupted, and the Egyptians could not drink the
water of the river, and there was blood in all the land of
7:22. And the magicians of the Egyptians with their
enchantments did in like manner; and Pharao's heart was
hardened, neither did he hear them, as the Lord had
commanded. 7:23. And he turned himself away, and went into
his house, neither did he set his heart to it this time
7:24. And all the Egyptians dug round about the river for
water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of
7:25. And seven days were fully ended, after that the Lord
struck the river.
Exodus Chapter 8
The second plague is of frogs: Pharao promiseth to let the
Israelites go, but breaketh his promise. The third plague
is of sciniphs. The fourth is of flies. Pharao again
promiseth to dismiss the people, but doth it not.
8:1. And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao, and thou
shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord: Let my people go to
sacrifice to me.
8:2. But if thou wilt not let them go, behold I will strike
all thy coasts with frogs.
8:3. And the river shall bring forth an abundance of frogs;
which shall come up and enter into thy house, and thy
bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the houses of thy
servants, and to thy people, and into thy ovens, and into
the remains of thy meats:
8:4. And the frogs shall come in to thee, and to thy
people, and to all thy servants.
8:5. And the Lord said to Moses: Say to Aaron: Stretch
forth thy hand upon the streams, and upon the rivers and
the pools, and bring forth frogs upon the land of Egypt.
8:6. And Aaron stretched forth his hand upon the waters of
Egypt, and the frogs came up, and covered the land of
8:7. And the magicians also, by their enchantments, did in
like manner, and they brought forth frogs upon the land of
8:8. But Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and said to them:
Pray ye to the Lord to take away the frogs from me and from
my people; and I will let the people go to sacrifice to the
Pray ye to the Lord, etc... By this it appears, that though
the magicians, by the help of the devil, could bring frogs,
yet they could not take them away: God being pleased to
abridge in this the power of Satan. So we see they could
not afterwards produce the lesser insects; and in this
restraint of the power of the devil, were forced to
acknowledge the finger of God.
8:9. And Moses said to Pharao: Set me a time when I shall
pray for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people,
that the frogs may be driven away from thee and from thy
house, and from thy servants, and from thy people; and may
remain only in the river.
8:10. And he answered: To morrow. But he said: I will do
according to thy word; that thou mayest know that there is
none like to the Lord our God.
8:11. And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy
house, and from thy servants, and from thy people; and
shall remain only in the river.
8:12. And Moses and Aaron went forth from Pharao: and Moses
cried to the Lord for the promise, which he had made to
Pharao concerning the frogs.
8:13. And the Lord did according to the word of Moses: and
the frogs died out of the houses, and out of the villages,
and out of the fields:
8:14. And they gathered them together into immense heaps,
and the land was corrupted.
8:15. And Pharao seeing that rest was given, hardened his
own heart, and did not hear them, as the Lord had
Pharao hardened his own heart... By this we see that Pharao
was himself the efficient cause of his heart being
hardened, and not God.-See the same repeated in ver. 32.
Pharao hardened his heart at this time also: likewise chap.
9.7, 35, and chap. 13.15.
8:16. And the Lord said to Moses: Say to Aaron: Stretch
forth thy rod, and strike the dust of the earth; and may
there be sciniphs in all the land of Egypt.
Sciniphs... Or Cinifs, Hebrew Chinnim, small flying
insects, very troublesome both to men and beast.
8:17. And they did so. And Aaron stretched forth his hand,
holding the rod; and he struck the dust of the earth, and
there came sciniphs on men and on beasts: all the dust of
the earth was turned into sciniphs through all the land of
8:18: And the magicians with their enchantments practised
in like manner, to bring forth sciniphs, and they could
not: and there were sciniphs as well on men as on beasts.
8:19. And the magicians said to Pharao: This is the finger
of God. And Pharao's heart was hardened, and he hearkened
not unto them, as the Lord had commanded.
8:20. The Lord also said to Moses: Arise early, and stand
before Pharao; for he will go forth to the waters: and thou
shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord: Let my people go to
sacrifice to me.
8:21. But if thou wilt not let them go, behold I will send
in upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy houses,
all kind of flies: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be
filled with flies of divers kinds, and the whole land
wherein they shall be.
8:22. And I will make the land of Gessen wonderful in that
day, so that flies shall not be there: and thou shalt know
that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth.
8:23. And I will put a division between my people and thy
people: to morrow shall this sign be.
8:24. And the Lord did so. And there came a very grievous
swarm of flies into the houses of Pharao and of his
servants, and into all the land of Egypt: and the land was
corrupted by this kind of flies.
8:25. And Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and said to them:
Go and sacrifice to your God in this land.
8:26. And Moses said: It cannot be so: for we shall
sacrifice the abominations of the Egyptians to the Lord our
God: now if we kill those things which the Egyptians
worship, in their presence, they will stone us.
The abominations, etc... That is, the things they worship
for Gods: oxen, rams, etc. It is the usual style of the
scriptures to call all idols and false gods, abominations,
to signify how much the people of God ought to detest and
8:27. We will go three days' journey into the wilderness;
and we will sacrifice to the Lord our God, as he hath
8:28. And Pharao said: I will let you go to sacrifice to
the Lord your God in the wilderness, but go no farther:
pray for me.
8:29. And Moses said: I will go out from thee, and will
pray to the Lord: and the flies shall depart from Pharao,
and from his servants, and from his people to morrow: but
do not deceive any more, in not letting the people go to
sacrifice to the Lord.
8:30. So Moses went out from Pharao, and prayed to the
8:31. And he did according to his word: and he took away
the flies from Pharao, and from his servants, and from his
people: there was not left so much as one.
8:32. And Pharao's heart was hardened, so that neither this
time would he let the people go.
Exodus Chapter 9
The fifth plague is a murrain among the cattle. The sixth,
of boils in men and beasts. The seventh, of hail. Pharao
promiseth again to let the people go, and breaketh his
9:1. And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao, and speak
to him: Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews: Let my
people go to sacrifice to me.
9:2. But if thou refuse, and withhold them still:
9:3. Behold my hand shall be upon thy fields; and a very
grievous murrain upon thy horses, and asses, and camels,
and oxen, and sheep.
9:4. And the Lord will make a wonderful difference between
the possessions of Israel and the possessions of the
Egyptians, that nothing at all shall die of those things
that belong to the children of Israel.
9:5. And the Lord appointed a time, saying: To morrow will
the Lord do this thing in the land.
9:6. The Lord therefore did this thing the next day: and
all the beasts of the Egyptians died, but of the beasts of
the children of Israel there died not one.
All the beasts... That is, many of all kinds.
9:7. And Pharao sent to see; and there was not any thing
dead of that which Israel possessed. And Pharao's heart was
hardened, and he did not let the people go.
9:8. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: Take to you
handfuls of ashes out of the chimney, and let Moses
sprinkle it in the air in the presence of Pharao.
9:9. And be there dust upon all the land of Egypt: for
there shall be boils and swelling blains both in men and
beasts, in the whole land of Egypt.
9:10. And they took ashes out of the chimney, and stood
before Pharao, and Moses sprinkled it in the air; and there
came boils with swelling blains in men and beasts.
9:11. Neither could the magicians stand before Moses, for
the boils that were upon them, and in all the land of
9:12. And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he
hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses.
Hardened, etc... See the annotations above, chap. 4.21,
chap. 7.3, and chap. 8.15.
9:13. And the Lord said to Moses: Arise in the morning, and
stand before Pharao, and thou shalt say to him: Thus saith
the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: Let my people go to
sacrifice to me.
9:14. For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thy
heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that
thou mayst know that there is none like me in all the
9:15. For now I will stretch out my hand to strike thee,
and thy people, with pestilence, and thou shalt perish from
9:16. And therefore have I raised thee, that I may shew my
power in thee, and my name may be spoken of throughout all
9:17. Dost thou yet hold back my people; and wilt thou not
let them go?
9:18: Behold I will cause it to rain to morrow at this same
hour, an exceeding great hail; such as hath not been in
Egypt from the day that it was founded, until this present
9:19. Send therefore now presently, and gather together thy
cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for men and
beasts, and all things that shall be found abroad, and not
gathered together out of the fields which the hail shall
fall upon, shall die.
9:20. He that feared the word of the Lord among Pharao's
servants, made his servants and his cattle flee into
9:21. But he that regarded not the word of the Lord, left
his servants, and his cattle in the fields.
9:22. And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch forth thy hand
towards heaven, that there may be hail in the whole land of
Egypt upon men, and upon beasts, and upon every herb of the
field in the land of Egypt.
9:23. And Moses stretched forth his rod towards heaven, and
the Lord sent thunder and hail, and lightnings running
along the ground: and the Lord rained hail upon the land of
9:24. And the hail and fire mixt with it drove on together:
and it was of so great bigness, as never before was seen in
the whole land of Egypt since that nation was founded.
9:25. And the hail destroyed through all the land of Egypt
all things that were in the fields, both man and beast: and
the hail smote every herb of the field, and it broke every
tree of the country.
9:26. Only in the land of Gessen, where the children of
Israel were, the hail fell not.
9:27. And Pharao sent and called Moses and Aaron, saying to
them: I have sinned this time also, the Lord is just: I and
my people, are wicked.
9:28. Pray ye to the Lord that the thunderings of God and
the hail may cease: that I may let you go, and that ye may
stay here no longer.
9:29. Moses said: As soon as I am gone out of the city, I
will stretch forth my hands to the Lord, and the thunders
shall cease, and the hail shall be no more: that thou mayst
know that the earth is the Lord's:
9:30. But I know that neither thou, nor thy servants do yet
fear the Lord God.
9:31. The flax therefore, and the barley were hurt, because
the barley was green, and the flax was now bolled;
9:32. But the wheat, and other winter corn were not hurt,
because they were lateward.
9:33. And when Moses was gone from Pharao out of the city,
he stretched forth his hands to the Lord: and the thunders
and the hail ceased, neither did there drop any more rain
upon the earth.
9:34. And Pharao seeing that the rain, and the hail, and
the thunders were ceased, increased his sin:
9:35. And his heart was hardened, and the heart of his
servants, and it was made exceeding hard: neither did he
let the children of Israel go, as the Lord had commanded by
the hand of Moses.
Exodus Chapter 10
The eighth plague of the locusts. The ninth, of darkness:
Pharao is still hardened.
10:1. And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao; for I
have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants:
that I may work these my signs in him,
10:2. And thou mayst tell in the ears of thy sons, and of
thy grandsons, how often I have plagued the Egyptians, and
wrought my signs amongst them: and you may know that I am
10:3. Therefore Moses and Aaron went in to Pharao, and said
to him: Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews: How long
refusest thou to submit to me? let my people go, to
sacrifice to me.
10:4. But if thou resist, and wilt not let them go, behold
I will bring in to-morrow the locusts into thy coasts;
10:5. To cover the face of the earth, that nothing thereof
may appear, but that which the hail hath left may be eaten:
for they shall feed upon all the trees that spring in the
10:6. And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of thy
servants, and of all the Egyptians: such a number as thy
fathers have not seen, nor thy grandfathers, from the time
they were first upon the earth, until this present day. And
he turned himself away, and went forth from Pharao.
10:7. And Pharao's servants said to him: How long shall we
endure this scandal? Iet the men go to sacrifice to the
Lord their God. Dost thou not see that Egypt is undone?
10:8. And they called back Moses, and Aaron, to Pharao; and
he said to them: Go, sacrifice to the Lord your God: who
are they that shall go?
10:9. Moses said: We will go with our young and old, with
our sons and daughters, with our sheep and herds: for it is
the solemnity of the Lord our God.
10:10. And Pharao answered: So be the Lord with you, as I
shall let you and your children go: who can doubt but that
you intend some great evil?
10:11. It shall not be so. but go ye men only, and
sacrifice to the Lord: for this yourselves also desired.
And immediately they were cast out from Pharao's presence.
10:12. And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch forth thy hand
upon the land of Egypt unto the locust, that it come upon
it, and devour every herb that is left after the hail.
10:13. And Moses stretched forth his rod upon the land of
Egypt: and the Lord brought a burning wind all that day,
and night; and when it was morning, the burning wind raised
10:14. And they came up over the whole land of Egypt; and
rested in all the coasts of the Egyptians, innumerable, the
like as had not been before that time, nor shall be
10:15. And they covered the whole face of the earth,
wasting all things. And the grass of the earth was
devoured, and what fruits soever were on the trees, which
the hail had left; and there remained not any thing that
was green on the trees, or in the herbs of the earth, in
10:16. Wherefore Pharao in haste called Moses and Aaron,
and said to them: I have sinned against the Lord your God,
and against you.
10:17. But now forgive me my sin this time also, and pray
to the Lord your God, that he take away from me this death.
10:18: And Moses going forth from the presence of Pharao,
prayed to the Lord:
10:19. And he made a very strong wind to blow from the
west, and it took the locusts and cast them into the Red
Sea: there remained not so much as one in all the coasts of
10:20. And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he
let the children of Israel go.
10:21. And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch out thy hand
towards heaven: and may there be darkness upon the land of
Egypt so thick that it may be felt.
Darkness upon the land of Egypt, so thick that it may be
felt... By means of the gross exhalations, which were to
cause and accompany the darkness.
10:22. And Moses stretched forth his hand towards heaven:
and there came horrible darkness in all the land of Egypt
for three days.
10:23. No man saw his brother, nor moved himself out of the
place where he was: but wheresoever the children of Israel
dwelt, there was light.
10:24. And Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and said to them:
Go, sacrifice to the Lord: let your sheep only, and herds
remain, let your children go with you.
10:25. Moses said: Thou shalt give us also sacrifices and
burnt-offerings, to the Lord our God.
10:26. All the flocks shall go with us; there shall not a
hoof remain of them: for they are necessary for the service
of the Lord our God: especially as we know not what must be
offered, till we come to the very place.
10:27. And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he would
not let them go.
10:28. And Pharao said to Moses: Get thee from me, and
beware thou see not my face any more: in what day soever
thou shalt come in my sight, thou shalt die.
10:29. Moses answered: So shall it be as thou hast spoken,
I will not see thy face anymore.
Exodus Chapter 11
Pharao and his people are threatened with the death of
11:1. And the Lord said to Moses: Yet one plague more will
I bring upon Pharao and Egypt, and after that he shall let
you go, and thrust you out.
11:2. Therefore thou shalt tell all the people, that every
man ask of his friend, and every woman of her neighbour,
vessels of silver and of gold.
11:3. And the Lord will give favour to his people in the
sight of the Egyptians. And Moses was a very great man in
the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharao's servants, and
of all the people.
11:4. And he said: Thus saith the Lord: At midnight I will
enter into Egypt:
11:5. And every firstborn in the land of the Egyptians
shall die, from the firstborn of Pharao who sitteth on his
throne, even to the firstborn of the handmaid that is at
the mill, and all the firstborn of beasts.
11:6. And there shall be a great cry in all the land of
Egypt, such as neither hath been before, nor shall be
11:7. But with all the children of Israel there shall not a
dog make the least noise, from man even to beast; that you
may know how wonderful a difference the Lord maketh between
the Egyptians and Israel.
11:8. And all these thy servants shall come down to me, and
shall worship me, saying: Go forth thou, and all the people
that is under thee: after that we will go out.
11:9. And he went out from Pharao exceeding angry. But the
Lord said to Moses: Pharao will not hear you, that many
signs may be done in the land of Egypt.
11:10. And Moses and Aaron did all the wonders that are
written, before Pharao. And the Lord hardened Pharao's
heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go out of
The Lord hardened, etc... See the annotations above, chap.
4.21, and chap. 7.3.
Exodus Chapter 12
The manner of preparing, and eating the paschal lamb: the
firstborn of Egypt are all slain: the Israelites depart.
12:1. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of
12:2. This month shall be to you the beginning of months;
it shall be the first in the months of the year.
12:3. Speak ye to the whole assembly of the children of
Israel, and say to them: On the tenth day of this month let
every man take a lamb by their families and houses.
12:4. But if the number be less than may suffice to eat the
lamb, he shall take unto him his neighbour that joineth to
his house, according to the number of souls which may be
enough to eat the lamb.
12:5. And it shall be a lamb without blemish, a male, of
one year; according to which rite also you shall take a
A kid... The phase might be performed, either with a lamb
or with a kid: and all the same rites and ceremonies were
to be used with the one as with the other.
12:6. And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of
this month; and the whole multitude of the children of
Israel shall sacrifice it in the evening.
12:7. And they shall take of the blood thereof, and put it
upon both the side posts, and on the upper door posts of
the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
12:8. And they shall eat the flesh that night roasted at
the fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce.
12:9. You shall not eat thereof any thing raw, nor boiled
in water, but only roasted at the fire; you shall eat the
head with the feet and entrails thereof.
12:10. Neither shall there remain any thing of it until
morning. If there be any thing left, you shall burn it with
12:11. And thus you shall eat it: you shall gird your
reins, and you shall have shoes on your feet, holding
staves in your hands, and you shall eat in haste; for it is
the Phase (that is the Passage) of the Lord.
12:12. And I will pass through the land of Egypt that
night, and will kill every firstborn in the land of Egypt,
both man and beast: and against all the gods of Egypt I
will execute judgments; I am the Lord.
12:13. And the blood shall be unto you for a sign in the
houses where you shall be; and I shall see the blood, and
shall pass over you; and the plague shall not be upon you
to destroy you, when I shall strike the land of Egypt.
12:14. And this day shall be for a memorial to you; and you
shall keep it a feast to the Lord in your generations, with
an everlasting observance.
12:15. Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread: in the
first day there shall be no leaven in your houses;
whosoever shall eat any thing leavened, from the first day
until the seventh day, that soul shall perish out of
12:16. The first day shall be holy and solemn, and the
seventh day shall be kept with the like solemnity: you
shall do no work in them, except those things that belong
12:17. And you shall observe the feast of the unleavened
bread: for in this same day I will bring forth your army
out of the land of Egypt, and you shall keep this day in
your generations by a perpetual observance.
12:18: The first month, the fourteenth day of the month, in
the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one
and twentieth day of the same month, in the evening.
Unleavened bread... By this it appears, that our Saviour
made use of unleavened bread, in the institution of the
blessed sacrament, which was on the evening of the paschal
solemnity, at which time there was no leavened bread to be
found in Israel.
12:19. Seven days there shall not be found any leaven in
your houses: he that shall eat leavened bread, his soul
shall perish out of the assembly of Israel, whether he be a
stranger or born in the land.
12:20. You shall not eat any thing leavened: in all your
habitations you shall eat unleavened bread.
12:21. And Moses called all the ancients of the children of
Israel, and said to them: Go take a lamb by your families,
and sacrifice the Phase.
12:22. And dip a bunch of hyssop in the blood that is at
the door, and sprinkle the transom of the door therewith,
and both the door cheeks: let none of you go out of the
door of his house till morning.
Sprinkle, etc... This sprinkling the doors of the
Israelites with the blood of the paschal lamb, in order to
their being delivered from the sword of the destroying
angel, was a lively figure of our redemption by the blood
12:23. For the Lord will pass through striking the
Egyptians: and when he shall see the blood on the transom,
and on both the posts, he will pass over the door of the
house, and not suffer the destroyer to come into your
houses and to hurt you.
12:24. Thou shalt keep this thing as a law for thee and thy
children for ever.
12:25. And when you have entered into the land which the
Lord will give you, as he hath promised, you shall observe
12:26. And when your children shall say to you: What is the
meaning of this service?
12:27. You shall say to them: It is the victim of the
passage of the Lord, when he passed over the houses of the
children of Israel in Egypt, striking the Egyptians, and
saving our houses. And the people bowing themselves,
12:28. And the children of Israel going forth, did as the
Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron.
12:29. And it came to pass at midnight, the Lord slew every
firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of
Pharao, who sat on his throne, unto the firstborn of the
captive woman that was in the prison, and all the firstborn
12:30. And Pharao arose in the night, and all his servants,
and all Egypt: and there arose a great cry in Egypt; for
there was not a house wherein there lay not one dead.
12:31. And Pharao calling Moses and Aaron, in the night,
said: Arise and go forth from among my people, you and the
children of Israel: go, sacrifice to the Lord as you say.
12:32. Your sheep and herds take along with you, as you
demanded, and departing bless me.
12:33. And the Egyptians pressed the people to go forth out
of the land speedily, saying: We shall all die.
12:34. The people therefore took dough before it was
leavened; and tying it in their cloaks, put it on their
12:35. And the children of Israel did as Moses had
commanded: and they asked of the Egyptians vessels of
silver and gold, and very much raiment.
12:36. And the Lord gave favour to the people in the sight
of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them: and they
stripped the Egyptians.
12:37. And the children of Israel set forward from Ramesse
to Socoth, being about six hundred thousand men on foot,
12:38. And a mixed multitude, without number, went up also
with them, sheep and herds, and beasts of divers kinds,
12:39. And they baked the meal, which a little before they
had brought out of Egypt in dough: and they made hearth
cakes unleavened: for it could not be leavened, the
Egyptians pressing them to depart, and not suffering them
to make any stay; neither did they think of preparing any
12:40. And the abode of the children of Israel that they
made in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
12:41. Which being expired, the same day all the army of
the Lord went forth out of the land of Egypt.
12:42. This is the observable night of the Lord, when he
brought them forth out of the land of Egypt: this night all
the children of Israel must observe in their generations.
12:43. And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the
service of the Phase; no foreigner shall eat of it.
12:44. But every bought servant shall be circumcised, and
so shall eat.
12:45. The stranger and the hireling shall not eat thereof.
12:46. In one house shall it be eaten, neither shall you
carry forth of the flesh thereof out of the house, neither
shall you break a bone thereof.
12:47. All the assembly of the children of Israel shall
12:48. And if any stranger be willing to dwell among you,
and to keep the Phase of the Lord, all his males shall
first be circumcised, and then shall he celebrate it
according to the manner: and he shall be as he that is born
in the land: but if any man be uncircumcised, he shall not
12:49. The same law shall be to him that is born in the
land, and to the proselyte that sojourneth with you.
12:50. And all the children of Israel did as the Lord had
commanded Moses and Aaron.
12:51. And the same day the Lord brought forth the children
of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their companies.
Exodus Chapter 13
The paschal solemnity is to be observed; and the firstborn
are to be consecrated to God. The people are conducted
through the desert by a pillar of fire in the night, and a
cloud in the day.
13:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
13:2. Sanctify unto me every firstborn that openeth the
womb among the children of Israel, as well of men as of
beasts: for they are all mine.
Sanctify unto me every firstborn... Sanctification in this
place means that the firstborn males of the Hebrews should
be deputed to the ministry in the divine worship; and the
firstborn of beasts to be given for a sacrifice.
13:3. And Moses said to the people: Remember this day in
which you came forth out of Egypt, and out of the house of
bondage, for with a strong hand hath the Lord brought you
forth out of this place: that you eat no leavened bread.
13:4. This day you go forth in the month of new corn.
13:5. And when the Lord shall have brought thee into the
land of the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, and the Amorrhite,
and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, which he swore to thy
fathers that he would give thee, a land that floweth with
milk and honey, thou shalt celebrate this manner of sacred
rites in this month.
13:6. Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread: and on
the seventh day shall be the solemnity of the Lord.
13:7. Unleavened bread shall you eat seven days: there
shall not be seen any thing leavened with thee, nor in all
13:8. And thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying: This
is what the Lord did to me when I came forth out of Egypt.
13:9. And it shall be as a sign in thy hand, and as a
memorial before thy eyes; and that the law of the Lord be
always in thy mouth, for with a strong hand the Lord hath
brought thee out of the land of Egypt.
13:10. Thou shalt keep this observance at the set time from
days to days.
13:11. And when the Lord shall have brought thee into the
land of the Chanaanite, as he swore to thee and thy
fathers, and shall give it thee:
13:12. Thou shalt set apart all that openeth the womb for
the Lord, and all that is first brought forth of thy
cattle: whatsoever thou shalt have of the male sex, thou
shalt consecrate to the Lord.
13:13. The firstborn of an ass thou shalt change for a
sheep: and if thou do not redeem it, thou shalt kill it.
And every firstborn of men thou shalt redeem with a price.
13:14. And when thy son shall ask thee to morrow, saying:
What is this? thou shalt answer him: With a strong hand did
the Lord bring us forth out of the land of Egypt, out of
the house of bondage.
13:15. For when Pharao was hardened, and would not let us
go, the Lord slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt,
from the firstborn of man to the firstborn of beasts:
therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all that openeth the womb
of the male sex, and all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.
13:16. And it shall be as a sign in thy hand, and as a
thing hung between thy eyes, for a remembrance: because the
Lord hath brought us forth out of Egypt by a strong hand.
13:17. And when Pharao had sent out the people, the Lord
led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines,
which is near; thinking lest perhaps they would repent, if
they should see wars arise against them, and would return
13:18: But he led them about by the way of the desert,
which is by the Red Sea: and the children of Israel went up
armed out of the land of Egypt.
13:19. And Moses took Joseph's bones with him: because he
had adjured the children of Israel, saying: God shall visit
you, carry out my bones from hence with you.
13:20. And marching from Socoth, they encamped in Etham, in
the utmost coasts of the wilderness.
13:21. And the Lord went before them to shew the way, by
day in a pillar of a cloud, and by night in a pillar of
fire; that he might be the guide of their journey at both
13:22. There never failed the pillar of the cloud by day,
nor the pillar of fire by night, before the people.
Exodus Chapter 14
Pharao pursueth the children of Israel. They murmur against
Moses, but are encouraged by him, and pass through the Red
Sea. Pharao and his army following them are drowned.
14:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
14:2. Speak to the children of Israel: Let them turn and
encamp over against Phihahiroth, which is between Magdal
and the sea over against Beelsephon: you shall encamp
before it upon the sea.
14:3. And Pharao will say of the children of Israel: They
are straitened in the land, the desert hath shut them in.
14:4. And I shall harden his heart and he will pursue you:
and I shall be glorified in Pharao, and in all his army:
and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord. And they
14:5. And it was told the king of the Egyptians that the
people was fled: and the heart of Pharao and of his
servants was changed with regard to the people, and they
said: What meant we to do, that we let Israel go from
14:6. So he made ready his chariot, and took all his people
14:7. And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the
chariots that were in Egypt: and the captains of the whole
14:8. And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharao, king of
Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; but they were
gone forth in a mighty hand.
14:9. And when the Egyptians followed the steps of them who
were gone before, they found them encamped at the sea side:
all Pharao's horse and chariots and the whole army were in
Phihahiroth, before Beelsephon.
14:10. And when Pharao drew near, the children of Israel
lifting up their eyes, saw the Egyptians behind them: and
they feared exceedingly, and cried to the Lord.
14:11. And they said to Moses: Perhaps there were no graves
in Egypt, therefore thou hast brought us to die in the
wilderness: why wouldst thou do this, to lead us out of
14:12. Is not this the word that we spoke to thee in Egypt,
saying: Depart from us, that we may serve the Egyptians?
for it was much better to serve them, than to die in the
14:13. And Moses said to the people: Fear not: stand, and
see the great wonders of the Lord, which he will do this
day; for the Egyptians, whom you see now, you shall see no
more for ever.
14:14. The Lord will fight for you, and you shall hold your
14:15. And the Lord said to Moses: Why criest thou to me?
Speak to the children of Israel to go forward.
14:16. But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch forth thy hand
over the sea, and divide it: that the children of Israel
may go through the midst of the sea on dry ground.
14:17. And I will harden the heart of the Egyptians to
pursue you: and I will be glorified in Pharao, and in all
his host, and in his chariots and in his horsemen.
14:18: And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord,
when I shall be glorified in Pharao, and in his chariots,
and in his horsemen.
14:19. And the angel of God, who went before the camp of
Israel, removing, went behind them: and together with him
the pillar of the cloud, leaving the forepart,
14:20. Stood behind, between the Egyptians' camp and the
camp of Israel: and it was a dark cloud, and enlightening
the night, so that they could not come at one another all
A dark cloud, and enlightening the night... It was a dark
cloud to the Egyptians; but enlightened the night to the
Israelites by giving them a great light.
14:21. And when Moses had stretched forth his hand over the
sea, the Lord took it away by a strong and burning wind
blowing all the night, and turned it into dry ground: and
the water was divided.
14:22. And the children of Israel went in through the midst
of the sea dried up; for the water was as a wall on their
right hand and on their left.
14:23. And the Egyptians pursuing went in after them, and
all Pharao's horses, his chariots and horsemen, through the
midst of the sea.
14:24. And now the morning watch was come, and behold the
Lord looking upon the Egyptian army through the pillar of
fire and of the cloud, slew their host.
14:25. And overthrew the wheels of the chariots, and they
were carried into the deep. And the Egyptians said: Let us
flee from Israel; for the Lord fighteth for them against
14:26. And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch forth thy hand
over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the
Egyptians, upon their chariots and horsemen.
14:27. And when Moses had stretched forth his hand towards
the sea, it returned at the first break of day to the
former place: and as the Egyptians were fleeing away, the
waters came upon them, and the Lord shut them up in the
middle of the waves.
14:28. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots
and the horsemen of all the army of Pharao, who had come
into the sea after them, neither did there so much as one
of them remain.
14:29. But the children of Israel marched through the midst
of the sea upon dry land, and the waters were to them as a
wall on the right hand and on the left:
14:30. And the Lord delivered Israel in that day out of the
hands of the Egyptians.
14:31. And they saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore,
and the mighty hand that the Lord had used against them:
and the people feared the Lord, and they believed the Lord,
and Moses his servant.
Exodus Chapter 15
The canticle of Moses. The bitter waters of Mara are made
15:1. Then Moses and the children of Israel sung this
canticle to the Lord, and said: Let us sing to the Lord:
for he is gloriously magnified, the horse and the rider he
hath thrown into the sea.
15:2. The Lord is my strength and my praise, and he is
become salvation to me: he is my God, and I will glorify
him: the God of my father, and I will exalt him.
15:3. The Lord is as a man of war, Almighty is his name.
15:4. Pharao's chariots and his army he hath cast into the
sea: his chosen captains are drowned in the Red Sea.
15:5. The depths have covered them, they are sunk to the
bottom like a stone.
15:6. Thy right hand, O Lord, is magnified in strength: thy
right hand, O Lord, hath slain the enemy.
15:7. And in the multitude of thy glory thou hast put down
thy adversaries: thou hast sent thy wrath, which hath
devoured them like stubble.
15:8. And with the blast of thy anger the waters were
gathered together: the flowing water stood, the depths were
gathered together in the midst of the sea.
15:9. The enemy said: I will pursue and overtake, I will
divide the spoils, my soul shall have its fill: I will draw
my sword, my hand shall slay them.
15:10. Thy wind blew and the sea covered them: they sunk as
lead in the mighty waters.
15:11. Who is like to thee, among the strong, O Lord? who
is like to thee, glorious in holiness, terrible and
praise-worthy, doing wonders?
15:12. Thou stretchedst forth thy hand, and the earth
15:13. In thy mercy thou hast been a leader to the people
which thou hast redeemed: and in thy strength thou hast
carried them to thy holy habitation.
15:14. Nations rose up, and were angry: sorrows took hold
on the inhabitants of Philisthiim.
15:15. Then were the princes of Edom troubled, trembling
seized on the stout men of Moab: all the inhabitants of
Chanaan became stiff.
15:16. Let fear and dread fall upon them, in the greatness
of thy arm: let them become immoveable as a stone, until
thy people, O Lord, pass by: until this thy people pass by,
which thou hast possessed.
15:17. Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the
mountain of thy inheritance, in thy most firm habitation,
which thou hast made, O Lord; thy sanctuary, O Lord, which
thy hands have established.
15:18: The Lord shall reign for ever and ever.
15:19. For Pharao went in on horseback with his chariots
and horsemen into the sea: and the Lord brought back upon
them the waters of the sea: but the children of Israel
walked on dry ground in the midst thereof.
15:20. So Mary the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a
timbrel in her hand: and all the women went forth after her
with timbrels and with dances.
15:21. And she began the song to them, saying: Let us sing
to the Lord, for he is gloriously magnified, the horse and
his rider he hath thrown into the sea.
15:22. And Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea, and they
went forth into the wilderness of Sur: and they marched
three days through the wilderness, and found no water.
15:23. And they came into Mara, and they could not drink
the waters of Mara because they were bitter: whereupon he
gave a name also agreeable to the place, calling it Mara,
that is, bitterness.
15:24. And the people murmured against Moses, saying: What
shall we drink?
15:25. But he cried to the Lord, and he shewed him a tree,
which when he had cast into the waters, they were turned
into sweetness. There he appointed him ordinances, and
judgments, and there he proved him,
15:26. Saying: If thou wilt hear the voice of the Lord thy
God, and do what is right before him, and obey his
commandments, and keep all his precepts, none of the evils
that I laid upon Egypt, will I bring upon thee: for I am
the Lord thy healer.
15:27. And the children of Israel came into Elim, where
there were twelve fountains of water, and seventy palm
trees: and they encamped by the waters.
Exodus Chapter 16
The people murmur for want of meat: God giveth them quails
16:1. And they set forward from Elim, and all the multitude
of the children of Israel came into the desert of Sin,
which is between Elim and Sinai: the fifteenth day of the
second month, after they came out of the land of Egypt.
16:2. And all the congregation of the children of Israel
murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
16:3. And the children of Israel said to them: Would to God
we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt,
when we sat over the fleshpots, and ate bread to the full:
Why have you brought us into this desert, that you might
destroy all the multitude with famine?
16:4. And the Lord said to Moses: Behold I will rain bread
from heaven for you; let the people go forth, and gather
what is sufficient for every day: that I may prove them
whether they will walk in my law, or not.
16:5. But the sixth day let them provide for to bring in:
and let it be double to that they were wont to gather every
16:6. And Moses and Aaron said to the children of Israel In
the evening you shall know that the Lord hath brought you
forth out of the land of Egypt:
16:7. And in the morning you shall see the glory of the
Lord: for he hath heard your murmuring against the Lord:
but as for us, what are we, that you mutter against us?
16:8. And Moses said: In the evening the Lord will give you
flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full: for he
hath heard your murmurings, with which you have murmured
against him, for what are we? your murmuring is not
against us, but against the Lord.
16:9. Moses also said to Aaron: Say to the whole
congregation of the children of Israel: Come before the
Lord; for he hath heard your murmuring.
16:10. And when Aaron spoke to all the assembly of the
children of Israel, they looked towards the wilderness; and
behold the glory of the Lord appeared in a cloud.
16:11. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
16:12. I have heard the murmuring of the children of
Israel, say to them: In the evening you shall eat flesh,
and in the morning you shall have your fill of bread; and
you shall know that I am the Lord your God.
16:13. So it came to pass in the evening, that quails
coming up, covered the camp: and in the morning a dew lay
round about the camp.
16:14. And when it had covered the face of the earth, it
appeared in the wilderness small, and as it were beaten
with a pestle, like unto the hoar frost on the ground.
16:15. And when the children of Israel saw it, they said
one to another: Manhu! which signifieth: What is this! for
they knew not what it was. And Moses said to them: This is
the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat.
16:16. This is the word that the Lord hath commanded: Let
every one gather of it as much as is enough to eat; a gomor
for every man, according to the number of your souls that
dwell in a tent, so shall you take of it.
16:17. And the children of Israel did so: and they
gathered, one more, another less.
16:18: And they measured by the measure of a gomor: neither
had he more that had gathered more; nor did he find less
that had provided less: but every one had gathered,
according to what they were able to eat.
16:19. And Moses said to them: Let no man leave thereof
till the morning.
16:20. And they hearkened not to him, but some of them left
until the morning, and it began to be full of worms, and it
putrified, and Moses was angry with them.
16:21. Now every one of them gathered in the morning, as
much as might suffice to eat: and after the sun grew hot,
16:22. But on the sixth day they gathered twice as much,
that is, two gomors every man: and all the rulers of the
multitude came, and told Moses.
16:23. And he said to them: This is what the Lord hath
spoken: To morrow is the rest of the sabbath sanctified to
the Lord. Whatsoever work is to be done, do it; and the
meats that are to be dressed, dress them; and whatsoever
shall remain, lay it up until the morning.
16:24. And they did so as Moses had commanded, and it did
not putrify, neither was there worm found in it.
16:25. And Moses said: Eat it to day, because it is the
sabbath of the Lord: to day it shall not be found in the
16:26. Gather it six days; but on the seventh day is the
sabbath of the Lord, therefore it shall not be found.
16:27. And the seventh day came; and some of the people
going forth to gather, found none.
16:28. And the Lord said to Moses: How long will you refuse
to keep my commandments, and my law?
16:29. See that the Lord hath given you the sabbath, and
for this reason on the sixth day he giveth you a double
provision: let each man stay at home, and let none go forth
out of his place the seventh day.
16:30. And the people kept the sabbath on the seventh day.
16:31. And the house of Israel called the name thereof
Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white, and the taste
thereof like to flour with honey.
16:32. And Moses said: This is the word which the Lord hath
commanded: Fill a gomor of it, and let it be kept unto
generations to come hereafter; that they may know the
bread, wherewith I fed you in the wilderness when you were
brought forth out of the land of Egypt.
16:33. And Moses said to Aaron: Take a vessel, and put
manna into it, as much as a gomor can hold; and lay it up
before the Lord, to keep unto your generations,
16:34. As the Lord commanded Moses. And Aaron put it in the
tabernacle to be kept.
16:35. And the children of Israel ate manna forty years,
till they came to a habitable land: with this meat were
they fed, until they reached the borders of the land of
16:36. Now a gomor is the tenth part of an ephi.
Exodus Chapter 17
The people murmur again for want of drink; the Lord giveth
them water out of a rock. Moses lifting up his hand in
prayer, Amalec is overcome.
17:1. Then all the multitude of the children of Israel
setting forward from the desert of Sin, by their mansions,
according to the word of the Lord, encamped in Raphidim,
where there was no water for the people to drink.
17:2. And they chode with Moses, and said: Give us water,
that we may drink. And Moses answered them: Why chide you
with me? Wherefore do you tempt the Lord?
17:3. So the people were thirsty there for want of water,
and murmured against Moses, saying: Why didst thou make us
go forth out of Egypt, to kill us and our children, and our
beasts with thirst?
17:4. And Moses cried to the Lord, saying: What shall I do
to this people? Yet a little more and they will stone me.
17:5. And the Lord said to Moses: Go before the people, and
take with thee of the ancients of Israel: and take in thy
hand the rod wherewith thou didst strike the river, and go.
17:6. Behold I will stand there before thee, upon the rock
Horeb, and thou shalt strike the rock, and water shall come
out of it that the people may drink. Moses did so before
the ancients of Israel:
17:7. And he called the name of that place Temptation,
because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and for
that they tempted the Lord, saying: Is the Lord amongst us
17:8. And Amalec came, and fought against Israel in
17:9. And Moses said to Josue: Choose out men; and go out
and fight against Amalec: tomorrow I will stand on the top
of the hill, having the rod of God in my hand.
17:10. Josue did as Moses had spoken, and he fought against
Amalec; but Moses, and Aaron, and Hur, went up upon the top
of the hill.
17:11. And when Moses lifted up his hands, Israel overcame;
but if he let them down a little, Amalec overcame.
17:12. And Moses's hands were heavy: so they took a stone,
and put under him, and he sat on it: and Aaron and Hur
stayed up his hands on both sides. And it came to pass,
that his hands were not weary until sunset.
17:13. And Josue put Amalec and his people to flight, by
the edge of the sword.
17:14. And the Lord said to Moses: Write this for a
memorial in a book, and deliver it to the ears of Josue;
for I will destroy the memory of Amalec from under heaven.
17:15. And Moses built an altar; and called the name
thereof, The Lord, my exaltation, saying:
17:16. Because the hand of the throne of the Lord, and the
war of the Lord shall be against Amalec, from generation to
Exodus Chapter 18
Jethro bringeth to Moses his wife and children. His
18:1. And when Jethro the priest of Madian, the kinsman of
Moses, had heard all the things that God had done to Moses,
and to Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought
forth Israel out of Egypt:
18:2. He took Sephora, the wife of Moses, whom he had sent
18:3. And her two sons, of whom one was called Gersam: his
father saying, I have been a stranger in a foreign country.
18:4. And the other Eliezer: For the God of my father, said
he, is my helper, and hath delivered me from the sword of
18:5. And Jethro, the kinsman of Moses, came with his sons,
and his wife to Moses into the desert, where he was camped
by the mountain of God.
18:6. And he sent word to Moses, saying: I Jethro, thy
kinsman, come to thee, and thy wife, and thy two sons with
18:7. And he went out to meet his kinsman, and worshipped
and kissed him: and they saluted one another with words of
peace. And when he was come into the tent,
18:8. Moses told his kinsman all that the Lord had done to
Pharao, and the Egyptians in favour of Israel: and all the
labour which had befallen them in the journey, and that the
Lord had delivered them.
18:9. And Jethro rejoiced for all the good things that the
Lord had done to Israel, because he had delivered them out
of the hands of the Egyptians.
18:10. And he said: Blessed is the Lord, who hath delivered
his people out of the hand of Egypt.
18:11. Now I know, that the Lord is great above all gods;
because they dealt proudly against them.
18:12. So Jethro, the kinsman of Moses, offered holocausts
and sacrifices to God: and Aaron and all the ancients of
Israel came, to eat bread with him before God.
18:13. And the next day Moses sat to judge the people, who
stood by Moses from morning until night.
18:14. And when his kinsman had seen all things that he did
among the people, he said: What is it that thou dost among
the people? Why sittest thou alone, and all the people wait
from morning till night?
18:15. And Moses answered him: The people come to me to
seek the judgment of God?
18:16. And when any controversy falleth out among them,
they come to me to judge between them, and to shew the
precepts of God, and his laws.
18:17. But he said: The thing thou dost is not good.
18:18: Thou art spent with foolish labour, both thou, and
this people that is with thee; the business is above thy
strength, thou alone canst not bear it.
18:19. But hear my words and counsels, and God shall be
with thee. Be thou to the people in those things that
pertain to God, to bring their words to him:
18:20. And to shew the people the ceremonies, and the
manner of worshipping; and the way wherein they ought to
walk, and the work that they ought to do.
18:21. And provide out of all the people able men, such as
fear God, in whom there is truth, and that hate avarice,
and appoint of them rulers of thousands, and of hundreds,
and of fifties, and of tens,
18:22. Who may judge the people at all times: and when any
great matter soever shall fall out, let them refer it to
thee, and let them judge the lesser matters only: that so
it may be lighter for thee, the burden being shared out
18:23. If thou dost this, thou shalt fulfil the commandment
of God, and shalt be able to bear his precepts: and all
this people shall return to their places with peace.
18:24. And when Moses heard this, he did all things that he
had suggested unto him.
18:25. And choosing able men out of all Israel, he
appointed them rulers of the people, rulers over thousands,
and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
18:26. And they judged the people at all times: and
whatsoever was of greater difficulty they referred to him,
and they judged the easier cases only.
18:27. And he let his kinsman depart: and he returned and
went into his own country.
Exodus Chapter 19
They come to Sinai: the people are commanded to be
sanctified. The Lord, coming in thunder and lightning,
speaketh with Moses.
19:1. In the third month of the departure of Israel out of
the land of Egypt, on this day they came into the
wilderness of Sinai:
19:2. For departing out of Raphidim, and coming to the
desert of Sinai, they camped in the same place, and there
Israel pitched their tents over against the mountain.
19:3. And Moses went up to God; and the Lord called unto
him from the mountain, and said: Thus shalt thou say to the
house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel:
And Moses went up to God... Moses went up to mount Sinai,
where God spoke to him.
19:4. You have seen what I have done to the Egyptians, how
I have carried you upon the wings of eagles, and have taken
you to myself.
19:5. If therefore you will hear my voice, and keep my
covenant, you shall be my peculiar possession above all
people: for all the earth is mine.
19:6. And you shall be to me a priestly kingdom, and a holy
nation. These are the words thou shalt speak to the
children of Israel.
19:7. Moses came; and calling together the elders of the
people, he declared all the words which the Lord had
19:8. And all the people answered together: All that the
Lord hath spoken, we will do. And when Moses had related
the people's words to the Lord,
19:9. The Lord said to him: Lo, now will I come to thee in
the darkness of a cloud, that the people may hear me
speaking to thee, and may believe thee for ever. And Moses
told the words of the people to the Lord.
19:10. And he said to him: Go to the people, and sanctify
them to day, and to morrow, and let them wash their
19:11. And let them be ready against the third day; for on
the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all
the people, upon Mount Sinai.
19:12. And thou shalt appoint certain limits to the people
round about, and thou shalt say to them: Take heed ye go
not up into the mount, and that ye touch not the borders
thereof: every one that toucheth the mount, dying he shall
19:13. No hands shall touch him, but he shall be stoned to
death, or he shall be shot through with arrows: whether it
be beast, or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet shall
begin to sound, then let them go up into the mount.
19:14. And Moses came down from the mount to the people,
and sanctified them. And when they had washed thelr
19:15. He said to them: Be ready against the third day, and
come not near your wives.
19:16. And now the third day was come, and the morning
appeared: and behold thunders began to be heard, and
lightning to flash, and a very thick cloud to cover the
mount, and the noise of the trumpet sounded exceeding loud;
and the people that was in the camp, feared.
19:17. And when Moses had brought them forth to meet God,
from the place of the camp, they stood at the bottom of the
19:18. And all Mount Sinai was on a smoke: because the Lord
was come down upon it in fire, and the smoke arose from it
as out of a furnace: and all the mount was terrible.
19:19. And the sound of the trumpet grew by degrees louder
and louder, and was drawn out to a greater length: Moses
spoke, and God answered him.
19:20. And the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai, in the very
top of the mount, and he called Moses unto the top thereof.
And when he was gone up thither,
19:21. He said unto him: Go down, and charge the people;
lest they should have a mind to pass the limits to see the
Lord, and a very great multitude of them should perish.
19:22. The priests also that come to the Lord, let them be
sanctified, lest he strike them.
19:23. And Moses said to the Lord: The people cannot come
up to Mount Sinai: for thou didst charge, and command,
saying: Set limits about the mount, and sanctify it.
19:24. And the Lord said to him: Go, get thee down; and
thou shalt come up, thou and Aaron with thee: but let not
the priests and the people pass the limits, nor come up to
the Lord, lest he kill them.
19:25. And Moses went down to the people and told them all.
Exodus Chapter 20
The ten commandments.
20:1. And the Lord spoke all these words:
20:2. I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the
land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
20:3. Thou shalt not have strange gods before me.
20:4. Thou shalt not make to thyself a graven thing, nor
the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in
the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the
waters under the earth.
A graven thing, nor the likeness of any thing, etc... All
such images, or likenesses, are forbidden by this
commandment, as are made to be adored and served; according
to that which immediately follows, thou shalt not adore
them, nor serve them. That is, all such as are designed for
idols or image-gods, or are worshipped with divine honour.
But otherwise images, pictures, or representations, even in
the house of God, and in the very sanctuary so far from
being forbidden, are expressly authorized by the word of
God. See Ex. 25.15, and etc.; chap. 38.7; Num. 21.8, 9; 1
Chron. or Paralip. 28.18, 19; 2 Chron. or Paralip. 3.10.
20:5. Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them: I am the
Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the
fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth
generation of them that hate me:
20:6. And shewing mercy unto thousands to them that love
me, and keep my commandments.
20:7. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in
vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that shall
take the name of the Lord his God in vain.
20:8. Remember that thou keep holy the sabbath day.
20:9. Six days shalt thou labour, and shalt do all thy
20:10. But on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord
thy God: thou shalt do no work on it, thou nor thy son, nor
thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor
thy beast, nor the stranger that is within thy gates.
20:11. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and
the sea, and all things that are in them, and rested on the
seventh day: therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day,
and sanctified it.
20:12. Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayst be
longlived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give
20:13. Thou shalt not kill.
20:14. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
20:15. Thou shalt not steal.
20:16. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy
20:17. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house; neither
shalt thou desire his wife, nor his servant, nor his
handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is
20:18. And all the people saw the voices and the flames,
and the sound of the trumpet, and the mount smoking; and
being terrified and struck with fear, they stood afar off,
20:19. Saying to Moses: Speak thou to us, and we will hear:
let not the Lord speak to us, lest we die.
20:20. And Moses said to the people: Fear not; for God is
come to prove you, and that the dread of him might be in
you, and you should not sin.
20:21. And the people stood afar off. But Moses went to the
dark cloud wherein God was.
20:22. And the Lord said to Moses: Thus shalt thou say to
the children of Israel: You have seen that I have spoken to
you from heaven.
20:23. You shall not make gods of silver, nor shall you
make to yourselves gods of gold.
20:24. You shall make an altar of earth unto me, and you
shall offer upon it your holocausts and peace offerings,
your sheep and oxen, in every place where the memory of my
name shall be: I will come to thee, and will bless thee.
20:25. And if thou make an altar of stone unto me, thou
shalt not build it of hewn stones; for if thou lift up a
tool upon it, it shall be defiled.
20:26. Thou shalt not go up by steps unto my altar, lest
thy nakedness be discovered.
Exodus Chapter 21
Laws relating to Justice.
21:1. These are the judgments which thou shalt set before
21:2. If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he
serve thee; in the seventh he shall go out free for
21:3. With what raiment he came in, with the like let him
go out: if having a wife, his wife also shall go out with
21:4. But if his master gave him a wife, and she hath borne
sons and daughters; the woman and her children shall be her
master's: but he himself shall go out with his raiment.
21:5. And if the servant shall say: I love my master and my
wife and children, I will not go out free:
21:6. His master shall bring him to the gods, and he shall
be set to the door and the posts, and he shall bore his ear
through with an awl: and he shall be his servant for ever.
To the gods... Elohim. That is, to the judges, or
magistrates, authorized by God.
21:7. If any man sell his daughter to be a servant, she
shall not go out as bondwomen are wont to go out.
21:8. If she displease the eyes of her master to whom she
was delivered, he shall let her go: but he shall have no
power to sell her to a foreign nation, if he despise her.
21:9. But if he have betrothed her to his son, he shall
deal with her after the manner of daughters.
21:10. And if he take another wife for him, he shall
provide her a marriage, and raiment, neither shall he
refuse the price of her chastity.
21:11. If he do not these three things, she shall go out
free without money.
21:12. He that striketh a man with a will to kill him,
shall be put to death.
21:13. But he that did not lie in wait for him, but God
delivered him into his hands: I will appoint thee a place
to which he must flee.
21:14. If a man kill his neighbour on set purpose, and by
lying in wait for him: thou shalt take him away from my
altar that he may die.
21:15. He that striketh his father or mother, shall be put
21:16. He that shall steal a man, and sell him, being
convicted of the guilt, shall be put to death.
21:17. He that curseth his father or mother, shall die the
21:18. If men quarrel, and the one strike his neighbour
with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth
21:19. If he rise again and walk abroad upon his staff, he
that struck him shall be quit, yet so that he make
restitution for his work, and for his expenses upon the
21:20. He that striketh his bondman, or bondwoman, with a
rod, and they die under his hands, shall be guilty of the
21:21. But if the party remain alive a day or two, he shall
not be subject to the punishment, because it is his money.
21:22. If men quarrel, and one strike a woman with child
and she miscarry indeed, but live herself: he shall be
answerable for so much damage as the woman's husband shall
require, and as arbiters shall award.
21:23. But if her death ensue thereupon, he shall render
life for life,
21:24. Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot
21:25. Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for
21:26. If any man strike the eye of his manservant or
maidservant, and leave them but one eye, he shall let them
go free for the eye which he put out.
21:27. Also if he strike out a tooth of his manservant or
maidservant, he shall in like manner make them free.
21:28. If an ox gore a man or a woman, and they die, he
shall be stoned: and his flesh shall not be eaten, but the
owner of the ox shall be quit.
21:29. But if the ox was wont to push with his horn
yesterday, and the day before, and they warned his master,
and he did not shut him up, and he shall kill a man or a
woman: then the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also
shall be put to death.
21:30. And if they set a price upon him, he shall give for
his life whatsoever is laid upon him.
21:31. If he have gored a son, or a daughter, he shall fall
under the like sentence.
21:32. If he assault a bondman or bondwoman, he shall give
thirty sicles of silver to their master, and the ox shall
21:33. If a man open a pit, and dig one, and cover it not,
and an ox or an ass fall into it,
21:34. The owner of the pit shall pay the price of the
beasts: and that which is dead shall be his own.
21:35. If one man's ox gore another man's ox, and he die:
they shall sell the live ox, and shall divide the price,
and the carcass of that which died they shall part between
21:36. But if he knew that his ox was wont to push
yesterday, and the day before, and his master did not keep
him in; he shall pay ox for ox, and shall take the whole
Exodus Chapter 22
The punishment of theft, and other trespasses. The law of
lending without usury, of taking pledges of reverences to
superiors, and of paying tithes.
22:1. If any man steal an ox or a sheep, and kill or sell
it: he shall restore five oxen for one ox, and four sheep
for one sheep.
22:2. If a thief be found breaking open a house or
undermining it, and be wounded so as to die: he that slew
him shall not be guilty of blood.
22:3. But if he did this when the sun is risen, he hath
committed murder, and he shall die. If he have not
wherewith to make restitution for the theft, he shall be
22:4. If that which he stole be found with him, alive,
either ox, or ass, or sheep: he shall restore double.
22:5. If any man hurt a field or a vineyard, and put in his
beast to feed upon that which is other men's: he shall
restore the best of whatsoever he hath in his own field, or
in his vineyard, according to the estimation of the damage.
22:6. If a fire breaking out light upon thorns, and catch
stacks of corn, or corn standing in the fields, he that
kindled the fire shall make good the loss.
22:7. If a man deliver money, or any vessel unto his friend
to keep, and they be stolen away from him that received
them: if the thief be found, he shall restore double:
22:8. If the thief be not known, the master of the house
shall be brought to the gods, and shall swear that he did
not lay his hand upon his neighbour's goods,
22:9. To do any fraud, either in ox, or in ass, or sheep,
or raiment, or any thing that may bring damage: the cause
of both parties shall come to the gods: and if they give
judgment, he shall restore double to his neighbour.
22:10. If a man deliver ass, ox, sheep, or any beast, to
his neighbour's custody, and it die, or be hurt, or be
taken by enemies, and no man saw it:
22:11. There shall be an oath between them, that he did not
put forth his hand to his neighbour's goods: and the owner
shall accept of the oath, and he shall not be compelled to
22:12. But if it were taken away by stealth, he shall make
the loss good to the owner.
22:13. If it were eaten by a beast, let him bring to him
that which was slain, and he shall not make restitution.
22:14. If a man borrow of his neighbour any of these
things, and it be hurt or die, the owner not being present,
he shall be obliged to make restitution.
22:15. But if the owner be present, he shall not make
restitution, especially if it were hired, and came for the
hire of his work.
22:16. If a man seduce a virgin not yet espoused, and lie
with her: he shall endow her, and have her to wife.
22:17. If the maid's father will not give her to him, he
shall give money according to the dowry, which virgins are
wont to receive.
22:18. Wizards thou shalt not suffer to live.
22:19. Whosoever copulateth with a beast; shall be put to
22:20. He that sacrificeth to gods, shall be put to death,
save only to the Lord.
22:21. Thou shalt not molest a stranger, nor afflict him:
for yourselves also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
22:22. You shall not hurt a widow or an orphan.
22:23. If you hurt them, they will cry out to me, and I
will hear their cry:
22:24. And my rage shall be enkindled, and I will strike
you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows, and
your children fatherless.
22:25. If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor,
that dwelleth with thee, thou shalt not be hard upon them
as an extortioner, nor oppress them with usuries.
22:26. If thou take of thy neighbour a garment in pledge,
thou shalt give it him again before sunset.
22:27. For that same is the only thing, wherewith he is
covered, the clothing of his body, neither hath he any
other to sleep in: if he cry to me, I will hear him,
because I am compassionate.
22:28. Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince
of thy people thou shalt not curse.
22:29. Thou shalt not delay to pay thy tithes and thy
firstfruits: thou shalt give the firstborn of thy sons to
22:30. Thou shalt do the same with the firstborn of thy
oxen also and sheep: seven days let it be with its dam: the
eighth day thou shalt give it to me.
22:31. You shall be holy men to me: the flesh that beasts
have tasted of before, you shall not eat, but shall cast it
to the dogs.
Exodus Chapter 23
Laws for judges; the rest of the seventh year, and day:
three principal feasts to be solemnized every year; the
promise of an angel, to conduct and protect them: idols are
to be destroyed.
23:1. Thou shalt not receive the voice of a lie: neither
shalt thou join thy hand to bear false witness for a wicked
23:2. Thou shalt not follow the multitude to do evil:
neither shalt thou yield in judgment, to the opinion of the
most part, to stray from the truth.
23:3. Neither shalt thou favour a poor man in judgment.
23:4. If thou meet thy enemy's ox or ass going astray,
bring it back to him.
23:5. If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lie
underneath his burden, thou shalt not pass by, but shalt
lift him up with him.
23:6. Thou shalt not go aside in the poor man's judgment.
23:7. Thou shalt fly Iying. The innocent and just person
thou shalt not put to death: because I abhor the wicked.
23:8. Neither shalt thou take bribes, which even blind the
wise, and pervert the words of the just.
23:9. Thou shalt not molest a stranger, for you know the
hearts of strangers: for you also were strangers in the
land of Egypt.
23:10. Six years thou shalt sow thy ground, and shalt
gather the corn thereof.
23:11. But the seventh year thou shalt let it alone, and
suffer it to rest, that the poor of thy people may eat, and
whatsoever shall be left, let the beasts of the field eat
it: so shalt thou do with thy vineyard and thy oliveyard.
23:12. Six days thou shalt work: the seventh day thou shalt
cease, that thy ox and thy ass may rest: and the son of thy
handmaid and the stranger may be refreshed.
23:13. Keep all things that I have said to you. And by the
name of strange gods you shall not swear, neither shall it
be heard out of your mouth.
23:14. Three times every year you shall celebrate feasts to
23:15. Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread.
Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread, as I commanded
thee, in the time of the month of new corn, when thou didst
come forth out of Egypt: thou shalt not appear empty before
23:16. And the feast of the harvest of the firstfruits of
thy work, whatsoever thou hast sown in the field. The feast
also in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in all
thy corn out of the field.
23:17. Thrice a year shall all thy males appear before the
Lord thy God.
23:18. Thou shalt not sacrifice the blood of my victim upon
leaven, neither shall the fat of my solemnity remain until
23:19. Thou shalt carry the first-fruits of the corn of thy
ground to the house of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not
boil a kid in the milk of his dam.
23:20. Behold I will send my angel, who shall go before
thee, and keep thee in thy journey, and bring thee into the
place that I have prepared.
23:21. Take notice of him, and hear his voice, and do not
think him one to be contemned: for he will not forgive when
thou hast sinned, and my name is in him.
23:22. But if thou wilt hear hi voice, and do all that I
speak, I will be an enemy to thy enemies, and will afflict
them that afflict thee.
23:23. And my angel shall go before thee, and shall bring
thee in unto the Amorrhite, and the Hethite, and the
Pherexite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hevite, and the
Jebuzite, whom I will destroy.
23:24. Thou shalt not adore their gods, nor serve them.
Thou shalt not do their works, but shalt destroy them, and
break their statues.
23:25. And you shall serve the Lord your God, that I may
bless your bread and your waters, and may take away
sickness from the midst of thee.
23:26. There shall not be one fruitless nor barren in thy
land: I will fill the number of thy days.
23:27. I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy
all the people to whom thou shalt come: and will turn the
backs of all thy enemies before thee:
23:28. Sending out hornets before, that shall drive away
the Hevite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, before
thou come in.
23:29. I will not cast them out from thy face in one year;
lest the land be brought into a wilderness, and the beasts
multiply against thee.
23:30. By little and little I will drive them out from
before thee, till thou be increased, and dost possess the
23:31. And I will set thy bounds from the Red Sea to the
sea of the Palestines, and from the desert to the river: I
will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hands,
and will drive them out from before you.
23:32. Thou shalt not enter into league with them, nor with
23:33. Let them not dwell in thy land, lest perhaps they
make thee sin against me, if thou serve their gods; which,
undoubtedly, will be a scandal to thee.
Exodus Chapter 24
Moses writeth his law; and after offering sacrifices,
sprinkleth the blood of the testament upon the people: then
goeth up the mountain which God covereth with a fiery
24:1. And he said to Moses: Come up to the Lord, thou, and
Aaron, Nadab and Abiu, and seventy of the ancients of
Israel, and you shall adore afar off.
24:2. And Moses alone shall come up to the Lord, but they
shall not come nigh; neither shall the people come up with
24:3. So Moses came and told the people all the words of
the Lord, and all the judgments: and all the people
answered with one voice: We will do all the words of the
Lord, which he hath spoken.
24:4. And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord: and rising
in the morning, he built an altar at the foot of the mount,
and twelve titles according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Titles... That is, pillars.
24:5. And he sent young men of the children of Israel, and
they offered holocausts, and sacrificed pacific victims of
calves to the Lord.
Holocausts... Whole burnt offerings, in which the whole
sacrifice was consumed with fire upon the altar.
24:6. Then Moses took half of the blood, and put it into
bowls; and the rest he poured upon the altar.
24:7. And taking the book of the covenant, he read it in
the hearing of the people: and they said: All things that
the Lord hath spoken, we will do, we will be obedient.
24:8. And he took the blood and sprinkled it upon the
people, and he said: This is the blood of the covenant,
which the Lord hath made with you concerning all these
24:9. Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abiu, and seventy of
the ancients of Israel went up:
24:10. And they saw the God of Israel: and under his feet
as it were a work of sapphire stone, and as the heaven,
24:11. Neither did he lay his hand upon those of the
children of Israel, that retired afar off, and they saw
God, and they did eat and drink.
24:12. And the Lord said to Moses: Come up to me into the
mount, and be there; and I will give thee tables of stone,
and the law, and the commandments which I have written;
that thou mayest teach them.
24:13. Moses rose up, and his minister Josue: and Moses
going up into the mount of God,
24:14. Said to the ancients: Wait ye here till we return to
you. You have Aaron and Hur with you: if any question shall
arise, you shall refer it to them.
24:15. And when Moses was gone up, a cloud covered the
24:16. And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering
it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him
out of the midst of the cloud.
24:17. And the sight of the glory of the Lord, was like a
burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the
children of Israel.
24:18. And Moses entering into the midst of the cloud, went
up into the mountain: And he was there forty days and forty
Exodus Chapter 25
Offerings prescribed for making the tabernacle, the ark,
the candlestick, etc.
25:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
25:2. Speak to the children of Israel, that they bring
firstfruits to me: of every man that offereth of his own
accord, you shall take them.
Firstfruits... Offerings of some of the best and choicest
of their goods.
25:3. And these are the things you must take: Gold, and
silver, and brass,
25:4. Violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine
linen, and goats' hair,
25:5. And rams' skins dyed red, and violet skins, and setim
Setim wood... The wood of a tree that grows in the
wilderness, which is said to be incorruptible.
25:6. Oil to make lights: spices for ointment, and for
25:7. Onyx stones, and precious stones to adorn the ephod
and the rational.
The ephod and the rational... The ephod was the high
priest's upper vestment; and the rational his vestplate, in
which were twelve gems, etc.
25:8. And they shall make me a sanctuary, and I will dwell
in the midst of them:
25:9. According to all the likeness of the tabernacle which
I will shew thee, and of all the vessels for the service
thereof: and thus you shall make it:
25:10. Frame an ark of setim wood, the length whereof shall
be of two cubits and a half; the breadth, a cubit and a
half; the height, likewise, a cubit and a half.
25:11. And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold,
within and without; and over it thou shalt make a golden
crown round about:
25:12. And four golden rings, which thou shalt put at the
four corners of the ark: let two rings be on the one side,
and two on the other.
25:13. Thou shalt make bars also of setim wood, and shalt
overlay them with gold.
25:14. And thou shalt put them in through the rings that
are in the sides of the ark, that it may be carried on
25:15. And they shall be always in the rings, neither shall
they at any time be drawn out of them.
25:16. And thou shalt put in the ark the testimony which I
will give thee.
25:17. Thou shalt make also a propitiatory of the purest
gold: the length thereof shall be two cubits and a half,
and the breadth a cubit and a half.
A propitiatory... a covering for the ark: called a
propitiatory, or mercy seat, because the Lord, who was
supposed to sit there upon the wings of the cherubims, with
the ark for his footstool, from thence shewed mercy. It is
also called the oracle, ver. 18 and 20; because from thence
God gave his orders and his answers.
25:18. Thou shalt make also two cherubims of beaten gold,
on the two sides of the oracle.
25:19. Let one cherub be on the one side, and the other on
25:20. Let them cover both sides of the propitiatory,
spreading their wings, and covering the oracle, and let
them look one towards the other, their faces being turned
towards the propitiatory wherewith the ark is to to be
25:21. In which thou shalt put the testimony that I will
25:22. Thence will I give orders, and will speak to thee
over the propitiatory, and from the midst of the two
cherubims, which shall be upon the ark of the testimony,
all things which I will command the children of Israel by
25:23. Thou shalt make a table also of setim wood, of two
cubits in length, and a cubit in breadth, and a cubit and a
half in height.
A table... On which were to be placed the twelve loaves of
proposition: or, as they are called in the Hebrew, the face
bread, because they were always to stand before the face of
the Lord in his temple: as a figure of the eucharistic
sacrifice and sacrament, in the church of Christ.
25:24. And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold: and
thou shalt make to it a golden ledge round about.
25:25. And to the ledge itself a polished crown, four
inches high; and over the same another little golden crown.
25:26. Thou shalt prepare also four golden rings, and shalt
put them in the four corners of the same table, over each
25:27. Under the crown shall the golden rings be, that the
bars may be put through them, and the table may be carried.
25:28. The bars also themselves thou shalt make of setim
wood, and shalt overlay them with gold, to bear up the
25:29. Thou shalt prepare also dishes, and bowls, censers,
and cups, wherein the libations are to be offered, of the
Libations... That is, drink offerings.
25:30. And thou shalt set upon the table loaves of
proposition in my sight always.
25:31. Thou shalt make also a candlestick of beaten work,
of the finest gold, the shaft thereof, and the branches,
the cups, and the bowls, and the lilies going forth from
A candlestick... This candlestick, with its seven lamps,
which was always to give light in the house of God, was a
figure of the light of the Holy Ghost, and his sevenfold
grace, in the sanctuary of the church of Christ.
25:32. Six branches shall come out of the sides, three out
of one side, and three out of the other.
25:33. Three cups as it were nuts to every branch, and a
bowl withal, and a lily: and three cups likewise of the
fashion of nuts in the other branch, and a bowl withal, and
a lily. Such shall be the work of the six branches, that
are to come out from the shaft:
25:34. And in the candlestick itself shall be four cups in
the manner of a nut, and at every one bowls and lilies.
25:35. Bowls under two branches in three places, which
together make six, coming forth out of one shaft.
25:36. And both the bowls and the branches shall be of the
same beaten work of the purest gold.
25:37. Thou shalt make also seven lamps, and shalt set them
upon the candlestick, to give light over against.
25:38. The snuffers also, and where the snuffings shall be
put out, shall be made of the purest gold.
25:39. The whole weight of the candlestick, with all the
furniture thereof, shall be a talent of the purest gold.
25:40. Look, and make it according to the pattern that was
shewn thee in the mount.
Exodus Chapter 26
The form of the tabernacle with its appurtenances.
26:1. And thou shalt make the tabernacle in this manner:
Thou shalt make ten curtains of fine twisted linen, and
violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, diversified with
26:2. The length of one curtain shall be twenty-eight
cubits; the breadth shall be four cubits. All the curtains
shall be of one measure.
26:3. Five curtains shall be joined one to another, and the
other five shall be coupled together in like manner.
26:4. Thou shalt make loops of violet in the sides and tops
of the curtains, that they may be joined one to another.
26:5. Every curtain shall have fifty loops on both sides,
so set on, that one loop may be against another loop, and
one may be fitted to the other.
26:6. Thou shalt make also fifty rings of gold, wherewith
the veils of the curtains are to be joined, that it may be
made one tabernacle.
26:7. Thou shalt make also eleven curtains of goats' hair,
to cover the top of the tabernacle.
26:8. The length of one hair-curtain shall be thirty
cubits; and the breadth, four: the measure of all the
curtains shall be equal.
26:9. Five of which thou shalt couple by themselves, and
the six others thou shalt couple one to another, so as to
double the sixth curtain in the front of the roof.
26:10. Thou shalt make also fifty loops in the edge of one
curtain, that it may be joined with the other: and fifty
loops in the edge of the other curtain, that it may be
coupled with its fellow.
26:11. Thou shalt make also fifty buckles of brass,
wherewith the loops may be joined, that of all there may be
made one covering.
26:12. And that which shall remain of the curtains, that
are prepared for the roof, to wit, one curtain that is over
and above, with the half thereof thou shalt cover the back
parts of the tabernacle.
26:13. And there shall hang down a cubit on the one side,
and another on the other side, which is over and above in
the length of the curtains, fencing both sides of the
26:14. Thou shalt make also another cover to the roof of
rams' skins dyed red: and over that again another cover of
violet coloured skins.
26:15. Thou shalt make also the boards of the tabernacle
standing upright of setim wood.
26:16. Let every one of them be ten cubits in length, and
in breadth one cubit and a half.
26:17. In the sides of the boards shall be made two
mortises, whereby one board may be joined to another board:
and after this manner shall all the boards be prepared.
26:18. Of which twenty shall be in the south side
26:19. For which thou shalt cast forty sockets of silver,
that under every board may be put two sockets at the two
26:20. In the second side also of the tabernacle that
looketh to the north, there shall be twenty boards,
26:21. Having forty sockets of silver, two sockets shall be
put under each board.
26:22. But on the west side of the tabernacle thou shalt
make six boards.
26:23. And again other two which shall be erected in the
corners at the back of the tabernacle.
26:24. And they shall be joined together from beneath unto
the top, and one joint shall hold them all. The like
joining shall be observed for the two boards also that are
to be put in the corners.
26:25. And they shall be in all eight boards, and their
silver sockets sixteen, reckoning two sockets for each
26:26. Thou shalt make also five bars of setim wood, to
hold together the boards on one side of the tabernacle.
26:27. And five others on the other side, and as many at
the west side:
26:28. And they shall be put along by the midst of the
boards, from one end to the other.
26:29. The boards also themselves thou shalt overlay with
gold, and shalt cast rings of gold to be set upon them, for
places for the bars to hold together the boardwork: which
bars thou shalt cover with plates of gold.
26:30. And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to
the pattern that was shewn thee in the mount.
26:31. Thou shalt make also a veil of violet, and purple,
and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, wrought
with embroidered work and goodly variety:
26:32. And thou shalt hang it up before four pillars of
setim wood, which themselves also shall be overlaid with
gold, and shall have heads of gold, but sockets of silver.
26:33. And the veil shall be hanged on with rings, and
within it thou shalt put the ark of the testimony, and the
sanctuary and the holy of the holies shall be divided with
The sanctuary, etc... That part of the tabernacle, which
was without the veil, into which the priests daily entered,
is here called the sanctuary, or holy place; that part
which was within the veil, into which no one but the high
priest ever went, and he but once a year, is called the
holy of holies, (literally, the sanctuary of the
sanctuaries,) as being the most holy of all holy places.
26:34. And thou shalt set the propitiatory upon the ark of
the testimony, in the holy of holies.
26:35. And the table without the veil, and over against the
table the candlestick in the south side of the tabernacle:
for the table shall stand in the north side.
26:36. Thou shalt make also a hanging in the entrance of
the tabernacle of violet, and purple, and scarlet twice
dyed, and fine twisted linen with embroidered work.
26:37. And thou shalt overlay with gold five pillars of
setim wood, before which the hanging shall be drawn: their
heads shall be of gold, and the sockets of brass.
Exodus Chapter 27
The altar; and the court of the tabernacle with its
hangings and pillars. Provision of oil for lamps.
27:1. Thou shalt make also an altar of setim wood, which
shall be five cubits long, and as many broad, that is four
square, and three cubits high.
27:2. And there shall be horns at the four corners of the
same: and thou shalt cover it with brass.
27:3. And thou shalt make for the uses thereof pans to
receive the ashes, and tongs and fleshhooks, and firepans:
all its vessels thou shalt make of brass.
27:4. And a grate of brass in manner of a net; at the four
corners of which, shall be four rings of brass,
27:5. Which thou shalt put under the hearth of the altar:
and the grate shall be even to the midst of the altar.
27:6. Thou shalt make also two bars for the altar, of setim
wood, which thou shalt cover with plates of brass:
27:7. And thou shalt draw them through rings, and they
shall be on both sides of the altar to carry it.
27:8. Thou shalt not make it solid, but empty and hollow in
the inside, as it was shewn thee in the mount.
27:9. Thou shalt make also the court of the tabernacle, in
the south side whereof southward there shall be hangings of
fine twisted linen of a hundred cubits long for one side.
27:10. And twenty pillars with as many sockets of brass,
the heads of which, with their engraving, shall be of
27:11. In like manner also on the north side there shall be
hangings of a hundred cubits long, twenty pillars, and as
many sockets of brass, and their heads with their engraving
27:12. But in the breadth of the court, that looketh to the
west, there shall be hangings of fifty cubits, and ten
pillars, and as many sockets.
27:13. In that breadth also of the court, which looketh to
the east, there shall be fifty cubits.
27:14. In which there shall be for one side, hangings of
fifteen cubits, and three pillars, and as many sockets.
27:15. And in the other side, there shall be hangings of
fifteen cubits, with three pillars, and as many sockets.
27:16. And in the entrance of the court there shall be made
a hanging of twenty cubits of violet and purple, and
scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, with
embroidered work: it shall have four pillars, with as many
27:17. All the pillars of the court round about shall be
garnished with plates of silver, silver heads, and sockets
27:18. In length the court shall take up a hundred cubits,
in breadth fifty, the height shall be of five cubits, and
it shall be made of fine twisted linen, and shall have
sockets of brass.
27:19. All the vessels of the tabernacle for all uses and
ceremonies, and the pins both of it and of the court, thou
shalt make of brass.
27:20. Command the children of Israel that they bring thee
the purest oil of the olives, and beaten with a pestle:
that a lamp may burn always,
27:21. In the tabernacle of the testimony, without the veil
that hangs before the testimony. And Aaron and his sons
shall order it, that it may give light before the Lord
until the morning. It shall be a perpetual observance
throughout their successions among the children of Israel.
Exodus Chapter 28
The holy vestments for Aaron and his sons.
28:1. Take unto thee also Aaron thy brother with his sons,
from among the children of Israel, that they may minister
to me in the priest's office: Aaron, Nadab, and Abiu,
Eleazar, and Ithamar.
28:2. And thou shalt make a holy vesture for Aaron, thy
brother, for glory and for beauty.
28:3. And thou shalt speak to all the wise of heart, whom I
have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make
Aaron's vestments, in which he being consecrated, may
minister to me.
28:4. And these shall be the vestments that they shall
make: A rational and an ephod, a tunic and a strait linen
garment, a mitre and a girdle. They shall make the holy
vestments for thy brother Aaron and his sons, that they may
do the office of priesthood unto me.
28:5. And they shall take gold, and violet, and purple, and
scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen.
28:6. And they shall make the ephod of gold, and violet,
and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen,
embroidered with divers colours.
28:7. It shall have the two edges joined in the top on both
sides, that they may be closed together.
28:8. The very workmanship also, and all the variety of the
work, shall be of gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet
twice dyed, and fine twisted linen.
28:9. And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and shalt grave
on them the names of the children of Israel:
28:10. Six names on one stone, and the other six on the
other, according to the order of their birth.
28:11. With the work of an engraver, and the graving of a
jeweller, thou shalt engrave them with the names of the
children of Israel, set in gold and compassed about:
28:12. And thou shalt put them in both sides of the ephod,
a memorial for the children of Israel. And Aaron shall bear
their names before the Lord upon both shoulders, for a
28:13. Thou shalt make also hooks of gold.
28:14. And two little chains of the purest gold, linked one
to another, which thou shalt put into the hooks.
28:15. And thou shalt make the rational of judgment with
embroidered work of divers colours, according to the
workmanship of the ephod, of gold, violet, and purple, and
scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen.
The rational of judgment... This part of the priest's
attire, which he wore at his breast, was called the
rational of judgment; partly because it admonished both
priest and people of their duty to God, by carrying the
names of all their tribes in his presence; and by the Urim
and the Thummim, that is, doctrine and truth, which were
written upon it; and partly because it gave divine answers
and oracles, as if it were rational and endowed with
28:16. It shall be four square and doubled: it shall be the
measure of a span both in length and in breadth.
28:17. And thou shalt set in it four rows of stones . In
the first row shall be a sardius stone, and a topaz, and an
28:18. In the second a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a jasper:
28:19. In the third a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst:
28:20. In the fourth a chrysolite, an onyx, and a beryl.
They shall be set in gold by their rows.
28:21. And they shall have the names of the children of
Israel: with twelve names shall they be engraved, each
stone with the name of one according to the twelve tribes.
28:22. And thou shalt make on the rational chains, linked
one to another, of the purest gold:
28:23. And two rings of gold, which thou shalt put in the
two ends at the top of the rational.
28:24. And the golden chains thou shalt join to the rings,
that are in the ends thereof.
28:25. And the ends of the chains themselves, thou shalt
join together with two hooks, on both sides of the ephod,
which is towards the rational.
28:26. Thou shalt make also two rings of gold, which thou
shalt put in the top parts of the rational, in the borders
that are over against the ephod, and look towards the back
28:27. Moreover also other two rings of gold, which are to
be set on each side of the ephod beneath, that looketh
towards the nether joining, that the rational may be fitted
with the ephod,
28:28. And may be fastened by the rings thereof unto the
rings of the ephod with a violet fillet, that the joining
artificially wrought may continue, and the rational and the
ephod may not be loosed one from the other.
28:29. And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of
Israel in the rational of judgment upon his breast, when he
shall enter into the sanctuary, a memorial before the Lord
28:30. And thou shalt put in the rational of judgment
doctrine and truth, which shall be on Aaron's breast, when
he shall go in before the Lord: and he shall bear the
judgment of the children of Israel on his breast, in the
sight of the Lord always.
Doctrine and Truth... Hebrew, Urim and Thummim:
illuminations and perfections. These words, written on the
rational, seem to signify the light of doctrine and the
integrity of life, with which the priests of God ought to
28:31. And thou shalt make the tunic of the ephod all of
28:32. In the midst whereof above shall be a hole for the
head, and a border round about it woven, as is wont to be
made in the outmost parts of garments, that it may not
easily be broken.
28:33. And beneath at the feet of the same tunic, round
about, thou shalt make as it were pomegranates, of violet,
and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, with little bells set
28:34. So that there shall be a golden bell and a
pomegranate, and again another golden bell and a
28:35. And Aaron shall be vested with it in the office of
his ministry, that the sound may be heard, when he goeth in
and cometh out of the sanctuary, in the sight of the Lord,
and that he may not die.
28:36. Thou shalt make also a plate of the purest gold:
wherein thou shalt grave with engraver's work, Holy to the
28:37. And thou shalt tie it with a violet fillet, and it
shall be upon the mitre,
28:38. Hanging over the forehead of the high priest. And
Aaron shall bear the iniquities of those things, which the
children of Israel have offered and sanctified, in all
their gifts and offerings. And the plate shall be always on
his forehead, that the Lord may be well pleased with them.
28:39. And thou shalt gird the tunic with fine linen, and
thou shalt make a fine linen mitre, and a girdle of
28:40. Moreover, for the sons of Aaron thou shalt prepare
linen tunics, and girdles and mitres for glory and beauty:
28:41. And with all these things thou shalt vest Aaron thy
brother, and his sons with him. And thou shalt consecrate
the hands of them all, and shalt sanctify them, that they
may do the office of priesthood unto me.
28:42. Thou shalt make also linen breeches, to cover the
flesh of their nakedness, from the reins to the thighs:
28:43. And Aaron and his sons shall use them when they
shall go into the tabernacle of the testimony, or when they
approach to the altar to minister in the sanctuary. lest
being guilty of iniquity they die. It shall be a law for
ever to Aaron, and to his seed after him.
Exodus Chapter 29
The manner of consecrating Aaron and other priests; the
institution of the daily sacrifice of two lambs, one in the
morning, the other at evening.
29:1. And thou shalt also do this, that they may be
consecrated to me in priesthood. Take a calf from the herd,
and two rams without blemish,
29:2. And unleavened bread, and a cake without leaven,
tempered with oil, wafers also unleavened, anointed with
oil: thou shalt make them all of wheaten flour.
29:3. And thou shalt put them in a basket, and offer them:
and the calf and the two rams.
29:4. And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door
of the tabernacle of the testimony. And when thou hast
washed the father and his sons with water,
29:5. Thou shalt clothe Aaron with his vestments, that is,
with the linen garment and the tunic, and the ephod and the
rational, which thou shalt gird with the girdle.
29:6. And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and the
holy plate upon the mitre,
29:7. And thou shalt pour the oil of unction upon his head:
and by this rite shall he be consecrated.
29:8. Thou shalt bring his sons also, and shalt put on them
the linen tunics, and gird them with a girdle:
29:9. To wit, Aaron and his children, and thou shalt put
mitres upon them; and they shall be priests to me by a
perpetual ordinance. After thou shalt have consecrated
29:10. Thou shalt present also the calf before the
tabernacle of the testimony. And Aaron and his sons shall
lay their hands upon his head,
29:11. And thou shalt kill him in the sight of the Lord,
beside the door of the tabernacle of the testimony.
29:12. And taking some of the blood of the calf, thou shalt
put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and the
rest of the blood thou shalt pour at the bottom thereof.
29:13. Thou shalt take also all the fat that covereth the
entrails, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys,
and the fat that is upon them, and shalt offer a burn
offering upon the altar:
29:14. But the flesh of the calf, and the hide and the
dung, thou shalt burn abroad, without the camp, because it
is for sin.
29:15. Thou shalt take also one ram, upon the head whereof
Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands.
29:16. And when thou hast killed him, thou shalt take of
the blood thereof, and pour round about the altar.
29:17. And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and having
washed his entrails and feet, thou shalt put them upon the
flesh that is cut in pieces, and upon his head.
29:18. And thou shalt offer the whole ram for a burnt
offering upon the altar: it is an oblation to the Lord, a
most sweet savour of the victim of the Lord.
29:19. Thou shalt take also the other ram, upon whose head
Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands.
29:20. And when thou hast sacrificed him, thou shalt take
of his blood, and put upon the tip of the right ear of
Aaron and of his sons, and upon the thumbs and great toes
of their right hand and foot, and thou shalt pour the blood
upon the altar round about.
29:21. And when thou hast taken of the blood that is upon
the altar, and of the oil of unction, thou shalt sprinkle
Aaron and his vesture, his sons and their vestments. And
after they and their vestments are consecrated,
29:22. Thou shalt take the fat of the ram, and the rump,
and the fat that covereth the lungs, and the caul of the
liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them,
and the right shoulder, because it is the ram of
29:23. And one roll of bread, a cake tempered with oil, a
wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread, which is set
in the sight of the Lord:
29:24. And thou shalt put all upon the hands of Aaron and
of his sons, and shalt sanctify them elevating before the
29:25. And thou shalt take all from their hands; and shalt
burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, a most sweet
savour in the sight of the Lord, because it is his
29:26. Thou shalt take also the breast of the ram,
wherewith Aaron was consecrated, and elevating it thou
shalt sanctify it before the Lord, and it shall fall to thy
29:27. And thou shalt sanctify both the consecrated breast,
and the shoulder that thou didst separate of the ram,
29:28. Wherewith Aaron was consecrated and his sons, and
they shall fall to Aaron's share, and his sons', by a
perpetual right from the children of Israel: because they
are the choicest and the beginnings of their peace victims
which they offer to the Lord.
29:29. And the holy vesture, which Aaron shall use, his
sons shall have after him, that they may be anointed, and
their hands consecrated in it.
29:30. He of his sons that shall be appointed high priest
in his stead, and that shall enter into the tabernacle of
the testimony to minister in the sanctuary, shall wear it
29:31. And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and
shalt boil the flesh thereof in the holy place:
29:32. And Aaron and his sons shall eat it. The loaves
also, that are in the basket, they shall eat in the entry
of the tabernacle of the testimony,
29:33. That it may be an atoning sacrifice, and the hands
of the offerers may be sanctified. A stranger shall not eat
of them, because they are holy.
29:34. And if there remain of the consecrated flesh, or of
the bread, till the morning, thou shalt burn the remainder
with fire: they shall not be eaten, because they are
29:35. All that I have commanded thee, thou shalt do unto
Aaron and his sons. Seven days shalt thou consecrate their
29:36. And thou shalt offer a calf for sin every day for
expiation. And thou shalt cleanse the altar when thou hast
offered the victim of expiation, and shalt anoint it to
29:37. Seven days shalt thou expiate the altar and sanctify
it, and it shall be most holy. Every one, that shall touch
it, shall be holy.
29:38. This is what thou shalt sacrifice upon the altar:
Two lambs of a year old every day continually,
29:39. One lamb in the morning, and another in the evening.
29:40. With one lamb a tenth part of flour tempered with
beaten oil, of the fourth part of a hin, and wine for
libation of the same measure.
29:41. And the other lamb thou shalt offer in the evening,
according to the rite of the morning oblation, and
according to what we have said, for a savour of sweetness:
29:42. It is a sacrifice to the Lord, by perpetual oblation
unto your generations, at the door of the tabernacle of the
testimony before the Lord, where I will appoint to speak
29:43. And there will I command the children of Israel, and
the altar shall be sanctified by my glory.
29:44. I will sanctify also the tabernacle of the testimony
with the altar, and Aaron with his sons, to do the office
of priesthood unto me.
29:45. And I will dwell in the midst of the children of
Israel, and will be their God:
29:46. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God,
who have brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I
might abide among them, I the Lord their God.
Exodus Chapter 30
The altar of incense: money to be gathered for the use of
the tabernacle: the brazen laver: the holy oil of unction,
and the composition of the perfume.
30:1. Thou shalt make also an altar to burn incense, of
An altar to burn incense... This burning of incense was an
emblem of prayer, ascending to God from an inflamed heart.
See Ps. 140.2; Apoc. 5.8, and 8.4.
30:2. It shall be a cubit in length, and another in
breadth, that is, four square, and two in height. Horns
shall go out of the same.
30:3. And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold, as
well the grate thereof, as the walls round about, and the
horns. And thou shalt make to it a crown of gold round
30:4. And two golden rings under the crown on either side,
that the bars may be put into them, and the altar be
30:5. And thou shalt make the bars also of setim wood, and
shalt overlay them with gold.
30:6. And thou shalt set the altar over against the veil,
that hangeth before the ark of the testimony before the
propitiatory wherewith the testimony is covered, where I
will speak to thee.
30:7. And Aaron shall burn sweet smelling incense upon it
in the morning. When he shall dress the lamps, he shall
30:8. And when he shall place them in the evening, he shall
burn an everlasting incense before the Lord throughout your
30:9. You shall not offer upon it incense of another
composition, nor oblation, and victim, neither shall you
30:10. And Aaron shall pray upon the horns thereof once a
year, with the blood of that which was offered for sin; and
shall make atonement upon it in your generations. It shall
be most holy to the Lord.
30:11. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
30:12. When thou shalt take the sum of the children of
Israel, according to their number, every one of them shall
give a price for their souls to the Lord, and there shall
be no scourge among them, when they shall be reckoned.
30:13. And this shall every one give that passeth at the
naming, half a sicle according to the standard of the
temple. A sicle hath twenty obols. Half a sicle shall be
offered to the Lord.
Half a sicle... A sicle or shekel of silver, (which was
also called a stater,) according to the standard or weight
of the sanctuary, which was the most just and exact, was
half an ounce of silver, that is, about half a crown of
English money. The obol, or gerah, was about three
30:14. He that is counted in the number from twenty years
and upwards, shall give the price.
30:15. The rich man shall not add to half a sicle, and the
poor man shall diminish nothing.
30:16. And the money received, which was contributed by the
children of Israel, thou shalt deliver unto the uses of the
tabernacle of the testimony, that it may be a memorial of
them before the Lord, and he may be merciful to their
30:17. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
30:18. Thou shalt make also a brazen laver with its foot to
wash in: and thou shalt set it between the tabernacle of
the testimony and the altar. And water being put into it:
30:19. Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and feet
30:20. When they are going into the tabernacle of the
testimony, and when they are to come to the altar, to offer
on it incense to the Lord,
30:21. Lest perhaps they die. It shall be an everlasting
law to him, and to his seed by successions.
30:22. And the Lord spoke to Moses,
30:23. Saying: Take spices, of principal and chosen myrrh
five hundred sicles, and of cinnamon half so much; that is,
two hundred and fifty sicles, of calamus in like manner two
hundred and fifty,
30:24. And of cassia five hundred sicles by the weight of
the sanctuary, of oil of olives the measure hin:
30:25. And thou shalt make the holy oil of unction, an
ointment compounded after the art of the perfumer,
30:26. And therewith thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of
the testimony, and the ark of the testament,
30:27. And the table with the vessels thereof, the
candlestick and furniture thereof, the altars of incense,
30:28. And of holocaust, and all the furniture that
belongeth to the service of them.
30:29. And thou shalt sanctify all, and they shall be most
holy: he that shall touch them shall be sanctified.
30:30. Thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and shalt
sanctify them, that they may do the office of priesthood
30:31. And thou shalt say to the children of Israel: This
oil of unction shall be holy unto me throughout your
30:32. The flesh of man shall not be anointed therewith,
and you shall make none other of the same composition,
because it is sanctified, and shall be holy unto you.
30:33. What man soever shall compound such, and shall give
thereof to a stranger, he shall be cut off from his people.
30:34. And the Lord said to Moses: Take unto thee spices,
stacte, and onycha, galbanum of sweet savour, and the
clearest frankincense, all shall be of equal weight.
30:35. And thou shalt make incense compounded by the work
of the perfumer, well tempered together, and pure, and most
worthy of sanctification.
30:36. And when thou hast beaten all into very small
powder, thou shalt set of it before the tabernacle of the
testimony, in the place where I will appear to thee. Most
holy shall this incense be unto you.
30:37. You shall not make such a composition for your own
uses, because it is holy to the Lord.
30:38. What man soever shall make the like, to enjoy the
smell thereof, he shall perish out of his people.
Exodus Chapter 31
Beseleel and Ooliab are appointed by the Lord to make the
tabernacle, and the things belonging thereto. The
observation of the sabbath day is again commanded. And the
Lord delivereth to Moses two tables written with the finger
31:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
31:2. Behold, I have called by name Beseleel the son of
Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Juda,
31:3. And I have filled him with the spirit of God, with
wisdom and understanding, and knowledge in all manner of
31:4. To devise whatsoever may be artificially made of
gold, and silver, and brass,
31:5. Of marble, and precious stones, and variety of wood.
31:6. And I have given him for his companion Ooliab, the
son of Achisamech, of the tribe of Dan. And I have put
wisdom in the heart of every skilful man, that they may
make all things which I have commanded thee,
31:7. The tabernacle of the covenant, and the ark of the
testimony, and the propitiatory, that is over it, and all
the vessels of the tabernacle,
31:8. And the table and the vessels thereof, the most pure
candlestick with the vessels thereof, and the altars of
31:9. And of holocaust, and all their vessels, the laver
with its foot,
31:10. The holy vestments in the ministry for Aaron the
priest, and for his sons, that they may execute their
office, about the sacred things:
31:11. The oil of unction, and the incense of spices in the
sanctuary, all things which I have commanded thee, shall
31:12. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
31:13. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say
to them: See that you keep my sabbath; because it is a sign
between me and you in your generations that you may know
that I am the Lord, who sanctify you.
31:14. keep you my sabbath: for it is holy unto you: he
that shall profane it, shall be put to death: he that shall
do any work in it, his soul shall perish out of the midst
of his people.
31:15. Six days shall you do work: in the seventh day is
the sabbath, the rest holy to the Lord. Every one that
shall do any work on this day, shall die.
31:16. Let the children of Israel keep the sabbath, and
celebrate it in their generations. It is an everlasting
31:17. Between me and the children of Israel, and a
perpetual sign. For in six days the Lord made heaven and
earth, and in the seventh he ceased from work.
31:18. And the Lord, when he had ended these words in Mount
Sinai, gave to Moses two stone tables of testimony, written
with the finger of God.
Exodus Chapter 32
The people fall into idolatry. Moses prayeth for them. He
breaketh the tables: destroyeth the idol: blameth Aaron,
and causeth many of the idolaters to be slain.
32:1. And the people seeing that Moses delayed to come down
from the mount, gathering together against Aaron, said:
Arise, make us gods, that may go before us: For as to this
Moses, the man that brought us out of the land of Egypt, we
know not what has befallen him.
32:2. And Aaron said to them: Take the golden earrings from
the ears of your wives, and your sons and daughters, and
bring them to me.
32:3. And the people did what he had commanded, bringing
the earrings to Aaron.
32:4. And when he had received them, he fashioned them by
founders' work, and made of them a molten calf. And they
said: These are thy gods, O Israel, that have brought thee
out of the land of Egypt.
32:5. And when Aaron saw this, he built an altar before it,
and made proclamation by a crier's voice, saying To morrow
is the solemnity of the Lord.
32:6. And rising in the morning, they offered holocausts,
and peace victims, and the people sat down to eat and
drink, and they rose up to play.
32:7. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: Go, get thee
down: thy people, which thou hast brought out of the land
of Egypt, hath sinned.
32:8. They have quickly strayed from the way which thou
didst shew them: and they have made to themselves a molten
calf, and have adored it, and sacrificing victims to it,
have said: These are thy gods, O Israel, that have brought
thee out of the land of Egypt.
32:9. And again the Lord said to Moses: I see that this
people is stiffnecked:
32:10. Let me alone, that my wrath may be kindled against
them, and that I may destroy them, and I will make of thee
a great nation.
32:11. But Moses besought the Lord his God, saying: Why, O
Lord, is thy indignation enkindled against thy people, whom
thou hast brought out of the land of Egypt, with great
power, and with a mighty hand?
32:12. Let not the Egyptians say, I beseech thee: He
craftily brought them out, that he might kill them in the
mountains, and destroy them from the earth: let thy anger
cease, and be appeased upon the wickedness of thy people.
32:13. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants,
to whom thou sworest by thy own self, saying: I will
multiply your seed as the stars of heaven: and this whole
land that I have spoken of, I will give to your seed, and
you shall possess it for ever:
32:14. And the Lord was appeased from doing the evil which
he had spoken against his people.
32:15. And Moses returned from the mount, carrying the two
tables of the testimony in his hand, written on both sides,
32:16. And made by the work of God; the writing also of God
was graven in the tables.
32:17. And Josue hearing the noise of the people shout.
ing, said to Moses: The noise of battle is heard in the
32:18. But he answered: It is not the cry of men
encouraging to fight, nor the shout of men compelling to
flee: but I hear the voice of singers.
32:19. And when he came nigh to the camp, he saw the calf,
and the dances: and being very angry, he threw the tables
out of his hand, and broke them at the foot of the mount:
32:20. And laying hold of the calf which they had made, he
burnt it, and beat it to powder, which he strewed into
water, and gave thereof to the children of Israel to drink.
32:21. And he said to Aaron: What has this people done to
thee, that thou shouldst bring upon them a most heinous
32:22. And he answered him: Let not my lord be offended;
for thou knowest this people, that they are prone to evil.
32:23. They said to me: make us gods, that may go before
us; for as to this Moses, who brought us forth out of the
land of Egypt, we know not what is befallen him.
32:24. And I said to them: Which of you hath any gold? and
they took and brought it to me; and I cast it into the fire,
and this calf came out.
32:25. And when Moses saw that the people were naked, (for
Aaron had stripped them by occasion of the shame of the
filth, and had set them naked among their enemies)
Naked... Having lost not only their gold, and their honour,
but what was worst of all, being stripped also of the grace
of God, and having lost him.-The shame of the filth... That
is, of the idol, which they had taken for their god. It is
the usual phrase of the scripture to call idols filth and
32:26. Then standing in the gate of the camp, he said: If
any man be on the Lord's side, let him join with me. And
all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him:
32:27. And he said to them: Thus saith the Lord God of
Israel: Put every man his sword upon his thigh: go, and
return from gate to gate through the midst of the camp, and
let every man kill his brother, and friend, and neighbour.
32:28. And the sons of Levi did according to the words of
Moses, and there were slain that day about three and twenty
32:29. And Moses said: You have consecrated your hands this
day to the Lord, every man in his son and in his brother,
that a blessing may be given to you.
32:30. And when the next day was come, Moses spoke to the
people: You have sinned a very great sin: I will go up to
the Lord, if by any means I may be able to entreat him for
32:31. And returning to the Lord, he said: I beseech thee:
this people hath sinned a heinous sin, and they have made
to themselves gods of gold: either forgive them this
32:32. Or if thou do not, strike me out of the book that
thou hast written.
32:33. And the Lord answered him: He that hath sinned
against me, him will I strike out of my book:
32:34. But go thou, and lead this people whither I have
told thee: my angel shall go before thee. And I in the day
of revenge will visit this sin also of theirs.
32:35. The Lord therefore struck the people for the guilt,
on occasion of the calf which Aaron had made.
Exodus Chapter 33
The people mourn for their sin. Moses pitcheth the
tabernacle without the camp. He converseth familiarly with
God. Desireth to see his glory.
33:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: Go, get thee up
from this place, thou and thy people which thou hast
brought out of the land of Egypt, into the land concerning
which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying: To thy
seed I will give it:
33:2. And I will send an angel before thee, that I may cast
out the Chanaanite, and the Amorrhite, and the Hethite, and
the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite,
33:3. That thou mayst enter into the land that floweth with
milk and honey. For I will not go up with thee, because
thou art a stiffnecked people; lest I destroy thee in the
33:4. And the people hearing these very bad tidings,
mourned: and no man put on his ornaments according to
33:5. And the Lord said to Moses: Say to the children of
Israel: Thou art a stiffnecked people, once I shall come up
in the midst of thee, and shall destroy thee. Now
presently lay aside thy ornaments, that I may know what to
do to thee.
33:6. So the children of Israel laid aside their ornaments
by Mount Horeb.
33:7. Moses also taking the tabernacle, pitched it without
the camp afar off, and called the name thereof, The
tabernacle of the covenant. And all the people, that had
any question, went forth to the tabernacle of the covenant,
without the camp.
33:8. And when Moses went forth to the tabernacle, all the
people rose up, and every one stood in the door of his
pavilion, and they beheld the back of Moses, till he went
into the tabernacle.
33:9. And when he was gone into the tabernacle of the
covenant, the pillar of the cloud came down, and stood at
the door, and he spoke with Moses.
33:10. And all saw that the pillar of the cloud stood at
the door of the tabernacle. And they stood and worshipped
at the doors of their tent.
33:11. And the Lord spoke to Moses face to face, as a man
is wont to speak to his friend. And when he returned into
the camp, his servant Josue, the son of Nun, a young man,
departed not from the tabernacle.
Face to face... That is, in a most familiar manner. Though
as we learn from this very chapter, Moses could not see the
face of the Lord.
33:12. And Moses said to the Lord: Thou commandest me to
lead forth this people; and thou dost not let me know whom
thou wilt send with me, especially whereas thou hast said:
I know thee by name, and thou hast found favour in my
I know thee by name... In the language of the scriptures,
God is said to know such as he approves and loves: and to
know by name, those whom he favours in a most singular
manner, as he did his servant Moses.
33:13. If therefore I have found favour in thy sight, shew
me thy face, that I may know thee, and may find grace
before thy eyes: look upon thy people this nation.
33:14. And the Lord said: My face shall go before thee, and
I will give thee rest.
33:15. And Moses said: If thou thyself dost not go before,
bring us not out of this place.
33:16. For how shall we be able to know, I and thy people,
that we have found grace in thy sight, unless thou walk
with us, that we may be glorified by all people that dwell
upon the earth?
33:17. And the Lord said to Moses: This word also, which
thou hast spoken, will I do; for thou hast found grace
before me, and thee I have known by name.
33:18. And he said: Shew me thy glory.
33:19. He answered: I will shew thee all good, and I will
proclaim in the name of the Lord before thee: and I will
have mercy on whom I will, and I will be merciful to whom
it shall please me.
33:20. And again he said: Thou canst not see my face: for
man shall not see me, and live.
33:21. And again he said: Behold there is a place with me,
and thou shalt stand upon the rock.
33:22. And when my glory shall pass, I will set thee in a
hole of the rock, and protect thee with my righthand till I
33:23. And I will take away my hand, and thou shalt see my
back parts: but my face thou canst not see.
See my back parts... The Lord by his angel, usually spoke
to Moses in the pillar of the cloud; so that he could not
see the glory of him that spoke familiarly with him. In the
vision here mentioned he was allowed to see something of
him, in an assumed corporeal form: not in the face, the
rays of which were too bright for mortal eye to bear, but
to view him as it were behind, when his face was turned
Exodus Chapter 34
The tables are renewed: all society with the Chanaanites is
forbid: some precepts concerning the firstborn, the
sabbath, and other feasts: after forty days' fast, Moses
returneth to the people with the commandments, and his face
appearing horned with rays of light, he covereth it,
whensoever he speaketh to the people.
34:1. And after this he said: Hew thee two tables of stone
like unto the former, and I will write upon them the words,
which were in the tables, which thou brokest.
34:2. Be ready in the morning, that thou mayst forthwith go
up into Mount Sinai, and thou shalt stand with me upon the
top of the mount.
34:3. Let no man go up with thee, and let not any man be
seen throughout all the mount; neither let the oxen nor the
sheep feed over against it.
34:4. Then he cut out two tables of stone, such as had been
before; and rising very early he went up into the Mount
Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, carrying with him the
34:5. And when the Lord was come down in a cloud, Moses
stood with him, calling upon the name of the Lord.
34:6. And when he passed before him, he said: O the Lord,
the Lord God, merciful and gracious, patient and of much
compassion, and true,
34:7. Who keepest mercy unto thousands: who takest away
iniquity, and wickedness, and sin, and no man of himself is
innocent before thee. Who renderest the iniquity of the
fathers to the children, and to the grandchildren unto the
third and fourth generation.
34:8. And Moses making haste, bowed down prostrate unto the
earth, and adoring,
34:9. Said: If I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, I
beseech thee that thou wilt go with us, (for it is a
stiffnecked people) and take away our iniquities and sin,
and possess us.
34:10. The Lord answered: I will make a covenant in the
sight of all, I will do signs such as were never seen upon
the earth, nor in any nations; that this people, in the
midst of whom thou art, may see the terrible work of the
Lord which I will do.
34:11. Observe all things which this day I command thee: I
myself will drive out before thy face the Amorrhite, and
the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, and the Pherezite, and the
Hevite, and the Jebusite.
34:12. Beware thou never join in friendship with the
inhabitants of that land, which may be thy ruin:
34:13. But destroy their altars, break their statues and
cut down their groves:
34:14. Adore not any strange god. The Lord his name is
jealous, he is a jealous God.
34:15. Make no covenant with the men of those countries;
lest, when they have committed fornication with their gods,
and have adored their idols, some one call thee to eat of
the things sacrificed.
34:16. Neither shalt thou take of their daughters a wife
for thy son, lest after they themselves have committed
fornication, they make thy sons also to commit fornication
with their gods.
34:17. Thou shalt not make to thyself any molten gods.
34:18: Thou shalt keep the feast of the unleavened bread.
Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread, as I commanded
thee in the time of the month of the new corn: for in the
month of the spring time thou camest out from Egypt.
34:19. All of the male kind that openeth the womb, shall be
mine. Of all beasts; both of oxen and of sheep, it shall be
34:20. The firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a
sheep: but if thou wilt not give a price for it, it shall
be slain. The firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem:
neither shalt thou appear before me empty.
34:21. Six days shalt thou work, the seventh day thou shalt
cease to plough and to reap.
34:22. Thou shalt keep the feast of weeks with the
firstfruits of the corn of thy wheat harvest, and the feast
when the time of the year returneth that all things are
34:23. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear
in the sight of the almighty Lord the God of Israel.
34:24. For when I shall have taken away the nations from
thy face, and shall have enlarged thy borders, no man shall
lie in wait against thy land when thou shalt go up, and
appear in the sight of the Lord thy God thrice in a year.
34:25. Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice upon
leaven; neither shall there remain in the morning any thing
of the victim of the solemnity of the Phase.
34:26. The first of the fruits of thy ground thou shalt
offer in the house of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not boil
a kid in the milk of his dam.
34:27. And the Lord said to Moses: Write thee these words,
by which I have made a covenant both with thee and with
34:28. And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty
nights: he neither ate bread nor drank water, and he wrote
upon the tables the ten words of the covenant.
34:29. And when Moses came down from the Mount Sinai, he
held the two tables of the testimony, and he knew not that
his face was horned from the conversation of the Lord.
Horned... That is, shining, and sending forth rays of light
34:30. And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face
of Moses horned, were afraid to come near.
34:31. And being called by him, they returned, both Aaron
and the rulers of the congregation. And after that he spoke
34:32. And all the children of Israel came to him: and he
gave them in commandment all that he had heard of the Lord
on Mount Sinai.
34:33. And having done speaking, he put a veil upon his
34:34. But when he went in to the Lord, and spoke with him,
he took it away until he came forth, and then he spoke to
the children of Israel all things that had been commanded
34:35. And they saw that the face of Moses when he came out
was horned, but he covered his face again, if at any time
he spoke to them.
Exodus Chapter 35
The sabbath. Offerings for making the tabernacle. Beseleel
and Ooliab are called to the work.
35:1. And all the multitude of the children of Israel being
gathered together, he said to them: These are the things
which the Lord hath commanded to be done:
35:2. Six days you shall do work; the seventh day shall be
holy unto you, the sabbath and the rest of the Lord: he
that shall do any work on it, shall be put to death.
35:3. You shall kindle no fire in any of your habitations
on the sabbath day.
35:4. And Moses said to all the assembly of the children of
Israel: This is the word the Lord hath commanded, saying:
35:5. Set aside with you firstfruits to the Lord. Let every
one that is willing and hath a ready heart, offer them to
the Lord: gold, and silver, and brass,
35:6. Violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine
linen, goats' hair,
35:7. And rams' skins dyed red, and violet coloured skins,
35:8. And oil to maintain lights, and to make ointment, and
most sweet incense,
35:9. Onyx stones, and precious stones, for the adorning of
the ephod and the rational.
35:10. Whosoever of you is wise, let him come, and make
that which the Lord hath commanded:
35:11. To wit, the tabernacle, and the roof thereof, and
the cover, the rings, and the board-work with the bars, the
pillars and the sockets:
35:12. The ark and the staves, the propitiatory, and the
veil that is drawn before it:
35:13. The table with the bars and the vessels, and the
loaves of proposition:
35:14. The candlestick to bear up the lights, the vessels
thereof and the lamps, and the oil for the nourishing of
35:15. The altar of incense, and the bars, and the oil of
unction, and the incense of spices: the hanging at the door
of the tabernacle:
35:16. The altar of holocaust, and its grate of brass, with
the bars and vessels thereof: the laver and its foot:
35:17. The curtains of the court, with the pillars and the
sockets, the hanging in the doors of the entry.
35:18. The pins of the tabernacle, and of the court, with
their little cords:
35:19. The vestments that are to be used in the ministry of
the sanctuary, the vesture of Aaron the high priest, and of
his sons, to do the office of priesthood to me.
35:20. And all the multitude of the children of Israel
going out from the presence of Moses,
35:21. Offered firstfruits to the Lord with a most ready
and devout mind, to make the work of the tabernacle of the
testimony. Whatever was necessary to the service and to the
35:22. Both men and women gave bracelets and earrings,
rings and tablets: every vessel of gold was set aside to be
offered to the Lord.
35:23. If any man had violet, and purple, and scarlet twice
dyed, fine linen and goats' hair, ramskins dyed red, and
violet coloured skins,
35:24. Metal of silver and brass, they offered it to the
Lord, and setim wood for divers uses.
35:25. The skilful women also gave such things as they had
spun, violet, purple, and scarlet, and fine linen,
35:26. And goats' hair, giving all of their own accord.
35:27. But the princes offered onyx stones, and precious
stones, for the ephod and the rational,
35:28. And spices and oil for the lights, and for the
preparing of ointment, and to make the incense of most
35:29. All, both men and women, with devout mind offered
gifts, that the works might be done which the Lord had
commanded by the hand of Moses. All the children of Israel
dedicated voluntary offerings to the Lord.
35:30. And Moses said to the children of Israel: Behold,
the Lord hath called by name Beseleel, the son of Uri, the
son of Hur, of the tribe of Juda,
35:31. And hath filled him with the spirit of God, with
wisdom and understanding, and knowledge, and all learning,
35:32. To devise and to work in gold and silver and brass,
35:33. And in engraving stones, and in carpenters' work.
Whatsoever can be devised artificially,
35:34. He hath given in his heart: Ooliab also, the son of
Achisamech, of the tribe of Dan:
35:35. Both of them hath he instructed with wisdom, to do
carpenters' work, and tapestry, and embroidery in blue and
purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen, and to
weave all things, and to invent all new things.
Exodus Chapter 36
The offerings are delivered to the workmen, the curtains,
coverings, boards, bars, veil, pillars, and hanging are
36:1. Beseleel therefore, and Ooliab, and every wise man,
to whom the Lord gave wisdom and understanding, to know how
to work artificially, made the things that are necessary
for the uses of the sanctuary, and which the Lord
36:2. And when Moses had called them, and every skilful
man, to whom the Lord had given wisdom, and such as of
their own accord had offered themselves to the making of
36:3. He delivered all the offerings of the children of
Israel unto them. And while they were earnest about the
work, the people daily in the morning offered their vows.
36:4. Whereupon the workmen being constrained to come,
36:5. Said to Moses: The people offereth more than is
36:6. Moses therefore commanded proclamation to be made by
the crier's voice: Let neither man nor woman offer any more
for the work of the sanctuary. And so they ceased from
36:7. Because the things that were offered did suffice, and
were too much.
36:8. And all the men that were wise of heart, to
accomplish the work of the tabernacle, made ten curtains of
twisted fine linen, and violet, and purple, and scarlet
twice dyed, with varied work, and the art of embroidering:
36:9. The length of one curtain was twenty-eight cubits,
and the breadth four: all the curtains were of the same
36:10. And he joined five curtains, one to another, and the
other five he coupled one to another.
36:11. He made also loops of violet in the edge of one
curtain on both sides, and in the edge of the other curtain
in like manner,
36:12. That the loops might meet one against another, and
might be joined each with the other.
36:13. Whereupon also he cast fifty rings of gold, that
might catch the loops of the curtains, and they might be
made one tabernacle.
36:14. He made also eleven curtains of goats' hair, to
cover the roof of the tabernacle:
36:15. One curtain was thirty cubits long, and four cubits
broad: all the curtains were of one measure.
36:16. Five of which he joined apart, and the other six
36:17. And he made fifty loops in the edge of one curtain,
and fifty in the edge of another curtain, that they might
be joined one to another.
36:18. And fifty buckles of brass wherewith the roof might
be knit together, that of all the curtains there might be
made one covering.
36:19. He made also a cover for the tabernacle of rams'
skins dyed red; and another cover over that of violet
36:20. He made also the boards of the tabernacle of setim
36:21. The length of one board was ten cubits; and the
breadth was one cubit and a half.
36:22. There were two mortises throughout every board, that
one might be joined to the other. And in this manner he
made for all the boards of the tabernacle.
36:23. Of which twenty were at the south side southward,
36:24. With forty sockets of silver, two sockets were put
under one board on the two sides of the corners, where the
mortises of the sides end in the corners.
36:25. At that side also of the tabernacle, that looketh
towards the north, he made twenty boards,
36:26. With forty sockets of silver, two sockets for every
36:27. But against the west, to wit, at that side of the
tabernacle, which looketh to the sea, he made six boards,
36:28. And two others at each corner of the tabernacle
36:29. Which were also joined from beneath unto the top,
and went together into one joint. Thus he did on both sides
at the corners:
36:30. So there were in all eight boards, and they had
sixteen sockets of silver, to wit, two sockets under every
36:31. He made also bars of setim wood, five to hold
together the boards of one side of the tabernacle,
36:32. And five others to join together the boards of the
other side; and besides these, five other bars at the west
side of the tabernacle towards the sea.
36:33. He made also another bar, that might come by the
midst of the boards from corner to corner.
36:34. And the boards themselves he overlaid with gold
casting for them sockets of silver. And their rings he made
of gold, through which the bars might be drawn: and he
covered the bars themselves with plates of gold.
36:35. He made also a veil of violet, and purple, scarlet
and fine twisted linen, varied and distinguished with
36:36. And four pillars of setim wood, which with their
heads he overlaid with gold, casting for them sockets of
36:37. He made also a hanging in the entry of the
tabernacle of violet, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted
linen, with the work of an embroiderer.
36:38. And five pillars with their heads, which he covered
with gold, and their sockets he cast of brass.
Exodus Chapter 37
Beseleel maketh the ark: the propitiatory, and cherubims,
the table, the candlestick, the lamps, and the altar of
incense, and compoundeth the incense.
37:1. And Beseleel made also, the ark of setim wood: it was
two cubits and a half in length, and a cubit and a half in
breadth, and the height was of one cubit and a half: and he
overlaid it with the purest gold within and without.
37:2. And he made to it a crown of gold round about,
37:3. Casting four rings of gold at the four corners
thereof: two rings in one side, and two in the other.
37:4. And he made bars of setim wood, which he overlaid
37:5. And he put them into the rings that were at the sides
of the ark to carry it.
37:6. He made also the propitiatory, that is, the oracle,
of the purest gold, two cubits and a half in length, and a
cubit and a half in breadth.
37:7. Two cherubims also of beaten gold, which he set on
the two sides of the propitiatory:
37:8. One cherub in the top of one side, and the other
cherub in the top of the other side: two cherubims at the
two ends of the propitiatory,
37:9. Spreading their wings, and covering the propitiatory,
and looking one towards the other, and towards it.
37:10. He made also the table of setim wood, in length two
cubits, and in breadth one cubit, and in height it was a
cubit and a half.
37:11. And he overlaid it with the finest gold, and he made
to it a golden ledge round about,
37:12. And to the ledge itself he made a polished crown of
gold, of four fingers breadth, and upon the same another
37:13. And he cast four rings of gold, which he put in the
four corners at each foot of the table,
37:14. Over against the crown: and he put the bars into
them, that the table might be carried.
37:15. The bars also themselves he made of setim wood, and
overlaid them with gold.
37:16. And the vessels for the divers uses of the table,
dishes, bowls, and cups, and censers of pure gold, wherein
the libations are to be offered.
37:17. He made also the candlestick of beaten work of the
finest gold. from the shaft whereof its branches, its cups,
and bowls, and lilies came out:
37:18: Six on the two sides: three branches on one side,
and three on the other.
37:19. Three cups in manner of a nut on each branch, and
bowls withal and lilies: and three cups of the fashion of a
nut in another branch, and bowls withal and lilies. The
work of the six branches, that went out from the shaft of
the candlestick was equal.
37:20. And in the shaft itself were four cups after the
manner of a nut, and bowls withal at every one, and lilies:
37:21. And bowls under two branches in three places, which
together made six branches going out from one shaft.
37:22. So both the bowls, and the branches were of the
same, all beaten work of the purest gold.
37:23. He made also the seven lamps with their snuffers,
and the vessels where the snuffings were to be put out, of
the purest gold.
37:24. The candlestick with all the vessels thereof weighed
a talent of gold.
37:25. He made also the alter of incense of setim wood,
being a cubit on every side foursquare, and in height two
cubits: from the corners of which went out horns.
37:26. And he overlaid it with the purest gold, with its
grate, and the sides, and the horns.
37:27. And he made to it a crown of gold round about, and
two golden rings under the crown at each side, that the
bars might be put into them, and the altar be carried.
37:28. And the bars themselves he made also of setim wood,
and overlaid them with plates of gold.
37:29. He compounded also the oil for the ointment of
sanctification, and incense of the purest spices, according
to the work of a perfumer.
Exodus Chapter 38
He maketh the altar of holocaust. The brazen laver. The
court with its pillars and hangings. The sum of what the
38:1. He made also the altar of holocaust of setim wood,
five cubits square, and three in height:
38:2. The horns whereof went out from the corners, and he
overlaid it with plates of brass.
38:3. And for the uses thereof, he prepared divers vessels
of brass, cauldrons, tongs, fleshhooks, pothooks and
38:4. And he made the grate thereof of brass, in manner of
a net, and under it in the midst of the altar a hearth,
38:5. Casting four rings at the four ends of the net at the
top, to put in bars to carry it:
38:6. And he made the bars of setim wood, and overlaid them
with plates of brass:
38:7. And he drew them through the rines that stood out in
the sides of the altar. And the altar itself was not solid,
but hollow, of boards, and empty within.
38:8. He made also the laver of brass, with the foot
thereof, of the mirrors of the women that watched at the
door of the tabernacle.
38:9. He made also the court, in the south side whereof
were hangings of fine twisted linen of a hundred cubits.
38:10. Twenty pillars of brass with their sockets, the
beads of the pillars, and the whole graving of the work, of
38:11. In like manner at the north side the hangings, the
pillars, and the sockets and heads of the pillars were of
the same measure, and work and metal.
38:12. But on that side that looketh to the west, there
were hangings of fifty cubits, ten pillars of brass with
their sockets, and the heads of the pillars, and all the
graving of the work, of silver.
38:13. Moreover, towards the east he prepared hangings of
38:14. Fifteen cubits of which, were on one side with three
pillars, and their sockets:
38:15. And on the other side (for between the two he made
the entry of the tabernacle) there were hangings equally of
fifteen cubits, and three pillars, and as many sockets.
38:16. All the hangings of the court were woven with
38:17. The sockets of the pillars were of brass, and their
heads with all their gravings of silver: and he overlaid
the pillars of the court also with silver.
38:18. And he made in the entry thereof an embroidered
hanging of violet, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen,
that was twenty cubits long, and five cubits high,
according to the measnre of all the hangings of the court.
38:19. And the pillars in the entry were four, with sockets
of brass, and their heads and gravings of silver.
38:20. The pins also of the tabernacle and of the court
round about he made of brass.
38:21. These are the instruments of the tabernacle of the
testimony, which were counted according to the commandment
of Moses, in the ceremonies of the Levites, by the hand of
Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest:
38:22. Which Beseleel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur of
the tribe of Juda, had made, as the Lord commanded by
38:23. Having for his companion Ooliab, the son of
Achisamech, of the tribe of Dan: who also was an ex-
cellent artificer in wood, and worker in tapestry and
embroidery in violet, purple, scarlet, and fine linen.
38:24. All the gold that was spent in the work of the
sanctuary, and that was offered in gifts, was nine and
twenty talents, and seven hundred and thirty sicles
according to the standard of the sanctuary.
38:25. And it was offered by them that went to be numbered,
from twenty years old and upwards, of six hundred and three
thousand five hundred and fifty men able to bear arms.
38:26. There were moreover a hundred talents of silver,
whereof were cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and of the
entry where the veil hangeth.
38:27. A hundred sockets were made of a hundred talents,
one talent being reckoned for every socket.
38:28. And of the thousand seven hundred and seventy- five
he made the heads of the pillars, which also he overlaid
38:29. And there were offered of brass also seventy-two
thousand talents, and four hundred sicles besides,
38:30. Of which were cast the sockets in the entry of the
tabernacle of the testimony, and the altar of brass with
the grate thereof, and also the vessels that belong to the
38:31. And the sockets of the court as well round about as
in the entry thereof, and the pins of the tabernacle, and
of the court round about.
Exodus Chapter 39
All the ornaments of Aaron and his sons are made. And the
whole work of the tabernacle is finished.
39:1. And he made, of violet and purple, scarlet and fine
linen, the vestments for Aaron to wear when he ministered
in the holy places, as the Lord commanded Moses.
39:2. So he made an ephod of gold, violet, and purple, and
scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen,
39:3. With embroidered work, and he cut thin plates of
gold, and drew them small into threads, that they might be
twisted with the woof of the foresaid colours,
39:4. And two borders coupled one to the other in the top
on either side,
39:5. And a girdle of the same colours, as the Lord had
39:6. He prepared also two onyx stones, fast set and closed
in gold, and graven, by the art of a lapidary, with the
names of the children of Israel:
39:7. And he set them in the sides of the ephod, for a
memorial of the children of Israel, as the Lord had
39:8. He made also a rational with embroidered work,
according to the work of the ephod, of gold, violet,
purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen:
39:9. Foursquare, double, of the measure of a span.
39:10. And he set four rows of precious stones in it. In
the first row was a sardius, a topaz, an emerald.
39:11. In the second, a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a
39:12. In the third, a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst.
39:13. In the fourth, a chrysolite, an onyx, and a beryl,
set and enclosed in gold by their rows.
39:14. And the twelve stones, were engraved with the names
of the twelve tribes of Israel, each one with its several
39:15. They made also in the rational little chains, linked
one to another, of the purest gold,
39:16. And two hooks, and as many rings of gold. And they
set the rings on either side of the rational,
39:17. On which rings the two golden chains should hang,
which they put into the hooks that stood out in the corners
of the ephod.
39:18. These both before and behind so answered one
another, that the ephod and the rational were bound
39:19. Being fastened to the girdle, and strongly coupled
with rings, which a violet fillet joined, lest they should
flag loose, and be moved one from the other, as the Lord
39:20. They made also the tunic of the ephod all of violet,
39:21. And a hole for the head in the upper part at the
middle, and a woven border round about the hole:
39:22. And beneath at the feet pomegranates of violet,
purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen:
39:23. And little bells of the purest gold, which they put
between the pomegranates at the bottom of the tunic round
39:24. To wit, a bell of gold, and a pomegranate, wherewith
the high priest went adorned, when he discharged his
ministry, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
39:25. They made also fine linen tunics with woven work for
Aaron and his sons:
39:26. And mitres with their little crowns of fine linen:
39:27. And linen breeches of fine linen:
39:28. And a girdle of fine twisted linen, violet, purple,
and scarlet twice dyed, of embroidery work, as the Lord had
39:29. They made also the plate of sacred veneration of the
purest gold, and they wrote on it with the engraving of a
lapidary: The Holy of the Lord:
39:30. And they fastened it to the mitre with a violet
fillet, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
39:31. So all the work of the tabernacle and of the roof of
the testimony was finished: and the children of Israel did
all things which the Lord had commanded Moses.
39:32. And they offered the tabernacle, and the roof, and
the whole furniture, the rings, the boards, the bars, the
pillars and their sockets,
39:33. The cover of rams' skins dyed red, and the other
cover of violet skins,
39:34. The veil, the ark, the bars, the propitiatory,
39:35. The table, with the vessels thereof, and the loaves
39:36. The candlestick, the lamps, and the furniture of
them, with the oil:
39:37. The altar of gold, and the ointment, and the incense
39:38. And the hanging in the entry of the tabernacle:
39:39. The altar of brass, the grate, the bars, and all the
vessels thereof: the laver, with the foot thereof: the
hangings of the court, and the pillars, with their sockets:
39:40. The hanging in the entry of the court, and the
little cords, and the pins thereof. Nothing was wanting of
the vessels, that were commanded to be made for the
ministry of the tabernacle, and for the roof of the
39:41. The vestments also, which the priests, to wit, Aaron
and his sons, use in the sanctuary,
39:42. The children of Israel offered, as the Lord had
39:43. And when Moses saw all things finished, he blessed
Exodus Chapter 40
The tabernacle is commanded to be set up and anointed. God
filleth it with his majesty.
40:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
40:2. The first month, the first day of the month, thou
shalt set up the tabernacle of the testimony,
40:3. And shalt put the ark in it, and shalt let down the
veil before it:
40:4. And thou shalt bring in the table, and set upon it
the things that are commanded according to the rite. The
candlestick shall stand with its lamps,
40:5. And the altar of gold, whereon the incense is burnt
before the ark of the testimony. Thou shalt put the hanging
in the entry of the tabernacle,
40:6. And before it the altar of holocaust.
40:7. The laver between the altar and the tabernacle, and
thou shalt fill it with water.
40:8. And thou shalt encompass the court with hangings, and
the entry thereof.
40:9. And thou shalt take the oil of unction and anoint the
tabernacle with its vessels, that they may be sanctified:
40:10. The altar of holocaust and all its vessels:
40:11. The laver with its foot: thou shalt consecrate all
with the oil of unction, that they may be most holy.
40:12. And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door
of the tabernacle of the testimony, and having washed them
40:13. Thou shalt put on them the holy vestments, that they
may minister to me, and that the unction of them may
prosper to an everlasting priesthood.
40:14. And Moses did all that the Lord had commanded.
40:15. So in the first month of the second year, the first
day of the month, the tabernacle was set up.
40:16. And Moses reared it up, and placed the boards and
the sockets and the bars, and set up the pillars,
40:17. And spread the roof over the tabernacle, putting
over it a cover, as the Lord had commanded.
40:18. And he put the testimony in the ark, thrusting bars
underneath, and the oracle above.
40:19. And when he had brought the ark into the tabernacle,
he drew the veil before it to fulfil the command ment of
40:20. And he set the table in the tabernacle of the
testimony, at the north side, without the veil,
40:21. Setting there in order the loaves of proposition, as
the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:22. He set the candlestick also in the tabernacle of the
testimony, over against the table on the south side,
40:23. Placing the lamps in order, according to the precept
of the Lord.
40:24. He set also the altar of gold under the roof of the
testimony, over against the veil,
40:25. And burnt upon it the incense of spices, as the Lord
had commanded Moses.
40:26. And he put also the hanging in the entry of the
tabernacle of the testimony,
40:27. And the altar of holocaust in the entry of the
testimony, offering the holocaust, and the sacrifices upon
it, as the Lord had commanded.
40:28. And he set the laver between the tabernacle of the
testimony and the altar, filling it with water.
40:29. And Moses and Aaron, and his sons, washed their
hands and feet,
40:30. When they went into the tabernacle of the covenant,
and went to the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:31. He set up also the court round about the tabernacle
and the altar, drawing the hanging in the entry thereof.
After all things were perfected,
40:32. The cloud covered the tabernacle of the testimony,
and the glory of the Lord filled it.
40:33. Neither could Moses go into the tabernacle of the
covenant, the cloud covering all things, and the majesty of
the Lord shining, for the cloud had covered all.
40:34. If at any time the cloud removed from the
tabernacle, the children of Israel went forward by their
40:35. If it hung over, they remained in the same place.
40:36. For the cloud of the Lord hung over the tabernacle
by day, and a fire by night, in the sight of all the
children of Israel throughout all their mansions.
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