THE APOCALYPSE OF ST. JOHN THE APOSTLE
In the first, second, and third chapters of this Book are
contained instructions and admonitions which St. John was
commanded to write to the seven bishops of the churches in
Asia. And in the following chapters, to the end, are
contained prophecies of things that are to come to pass in
the Church of Christ, particularly towards the end of the
world, in the time of Antichrist. It was written in Greek,
in the island of Patmos, where St. John was in banishment
by order of the cruel emperor Domitian, about sixty-four
years after our Lord's Ascension.
Apocalypse Chapter 1
St. John is ordered to write to the seven churches in Asia.
The manner of Christ's appearing to him.
1:1. The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto
him, to make known to his servants the things which must
shortly come to pass: and signified, sending by his angel
to his servant John,
The things which must shortly come;... and again it is
said, ver. 3, The time is at hand... This can not be meant
of all the things prophesied in the Apocalypse, where
mention is made also of the day of judgment, and of the
glory of heaven at the end of the world. That some things
were to come to pass shortly, is evident, by what is said
to the Seven Churches, chap. 2 and 3, Or that the
persecutions foretold should begin shortly. Or that these
words signified, that all time is short, and that from the
coming of Christ, we are now in the last age or last hour.
See 1 John 2.18.
1:2. Who hath given testimony to the word of God and the
testimony of Jesus Christ, what things soever he hath seen.
1:3. Blessed is he that readeth and heareth the words of
this prophecy: and keepeth those things which are written
in it. For the time is at hand.
1:4. John to the seven churches which are in Asia. Grace be
unto you and peace, from him that is and that was and that
is to come: and from the seven spirits which are before his
1:5. And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness,
the first begotten of the dead and the prince of the kings
of the earth, who hath loved us and washed us from our sins
in his own blood
1:6. And hath made us a kingdom, and priests to God and his
Father. To him be glory and empire for ever and ever.
1:7. Behold, he cometh with the clouds, and every eye shall
see him: and they also that pierced him. And all the tribes
of the earth shall bewail themselves because of him. Even
1:8. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, saith
the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the
I am Alpha and Omega... These are the names of the first
and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and signify the
same as what follows: The beginning and the end: the first
cause and last end of all beings: who is, and who was, and
who is to come, the Almighty... These words signify the
true God only, and are here applied to our Lord and Saviour
Jesus Christ, who is to come again to judge the living and
1:9. I, John, your brother and your partner in tribulation
and in the kingdom and patience in Christ Jesus, was in the
island which is called Patmos, for the word of God and for
the testimony of Jesus.
1:10. I was in the spirit on the Lord's day and heard
behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
1:11. Saying: What thou seest, write in a book and send to
the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus and to
Smyrna and to Pergamus and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to
Philadelphia and to Laodicea.
1:12. And I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And
being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks:
1:13. And in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks,
one like to the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to
the feet, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.
1:14. And his head and his hairs were white as white wool
and as snow. And his eyes were as a flame of fire:
1:15. And his feet like unto fine brass, as in a burning
furnace. And his voice as the sound of many waters.
1:16. And he had in his right hand seven stars. And from
his mouth came out a sharp two-edged sword. And his face
was as the sun shineth in his power.
1:17. And when I had seen him, I fell at his feet as dead.
And he laid his right hand upon me, saying: Fear not. I am
the First and the Last,
1:18. And alive, and was dead. And behold I am living for
ever and ever and have the keys of death and of hell.
1:19. Write therefore the things which thou hast seen: and
which are: and which must be done hereafter.
1:20. The mystery of the seven stars, which thou sawest in
my right hand and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven
stars are the angels of the seven churches. And the seven
candlesticks are the seven churches.
Apocalypse Chapter 2
Directions what to write to the angels or bishops of
Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamus and Thyatira.
2:1. Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write: These
things saith he who holdeth the seven stars in his right
hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden
2:2. I know thy works and thy labour and thy patience and
how thou canst not bear them that are evil. And thou hast
tried them who say they are apostles and are not: and hast
found them liars:
2:3. And thou hast patience and hast endured for my name
and hast not fainted.
2:4. But I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast
left thy first charity.
2:5. Be mindful therefore from whence thou art fallen: and
do penance and do the first works. Or else I come to thee
and will move thy candlestick out of its place, except thou
2:6. But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the
Nicolaites, which I also hate.
2:7. He that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit saith
to the churches: To him that overcometh I will give to eat
of the tree of life which is in the paradise of my God.
2:8. And to the angel of the church of Smyrna write: These
things saith the First and the Last, who was dead and is
2:9. I know thy tribulation and thy poverty: but thou art
rich. And thou art blasphemed by them that say they are
Jews and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.
2:10. Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer.
Behold, the devil will cast some of you into prison, that
you may be tried: and you shall have tribulation ten days.
Be thou faithful unto death: and I will give thee the crown
2:11. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches: He that shall overcome shall not be
hurt by the second death.
2:12. And to the angel of the church of Pergamus write:
These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword:
2:13. I know where thou dwellest, where the seat of Satan
is. And thou holdest fast my name and hast not denied my
faith. Even in those days when Antipas was my faithful
witness, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.
2:14. But I have against thee a few things: because thou
hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam who taught
Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of
Israel, to eat and to commit fornication.
2:15. So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the
2:16. In like manner do penance. If not, I will come to
thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of
2:17. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches: To him that overcometh I will give
the hidden manna and will give him a white counter: and in
the counter, a new name written, which no man knoweth but
he that receiveth it.
2:18. And to the angel of the church of Thyatira write:
These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like
to a flame of fire and his feet like to fine brass.
2:19. I know thy works and thy faith and thy charity and
thy ministry and thy patience and thy last works, which are
more than the former.
2:20. But I have against thee a few things: because thou
sufferest the woman Jezabel, who calleth herself a
prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants, to commit
fornication and to eat of things sacrificed to idols.
2:21. And I gave her a time that she might do penance: and
she will not repent of her fornication.
2:22. Behold, I will cast her into a bed: and they that
commit adultery with her shall be in very great
tribulation, except they do penance from their deeds,
2:23. And I will kill her children with death: and all the
churches shall know that I am he that searcheth the reins
and hearts. And I will give to every one of you according
to your works. But to you I say
2:24. And to the rest who are at Thyatira: Whosoever have
not this doctrine and who have not known the depths of
Satan, as they say: I will not put upon you any other
2:25. Yet that which you have, hold fast till I come.
2:26. And he that shall overcome and keep my words unto the
end, I will give him power over the nations.
Power over the nations... This shews, that the saints, who
are with Christ our Lord in heaven, receive power from him
to preside over nations and provinces, as patrons; and
shall come with him at the end of the world to execute his
will against those who have not kept his commandments.
2:27. And he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and as the
vessel of a potter they shall be broken:
2:28. As I also have received of my Father. And I will give
him the morning star.
2:29. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches.
Apocalypse Chapter 3
Directions what to write to Sardis, Philadelphia and
3:1. And to the angel of the church of Sardis write: These
things saith he that hath the seven spirits of God and the
seven stars: I know thy works, and that thou hast the name
of being alive. And thou art dead.
3:2. Be watchful and strengthen the things that remain,
which are ready to die. For I find not thy works full
before my God.
3:3. Have in mind therefore in what manner thou hast
received and heard: and observe and do penance: If then
thou shalt not watch, I will come to thee as a thief: and
thou shalt not know at what hour I will come to thee.
3:4. But thou hast a few names in Sardis which have not
defiled their garments: and they shall walk with me in
white, because they are worthy.
3:5. He that shall overcome shall thus be clothed in white
garments: and I will not blot out his name out of the book
of life. And I will confess his name before my Father and
before his angels.
3:6. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches.
3:7. And to the angel of the church of Philadelphia write:
These things saith the Holy One and the true one, he that
hath the key of David, he that openeth and no man shutteth,
shutteth and no man openeth:
3:8. I know thy works. Behold, I have given before thee a
door opened, which no man can shut: because thou hast a
little strength and hast kept my word and hast not denied
3:9. Behold, I will bring of the synagogue of Satan, who
say they are Jews and are not, but do lie. Behold, I will
make them to come and adore before thy feet. And they shall
know that I have loved thee.
3:10. Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I
will also keep thee from the hour of temptation, which
shall come upon the whole world to try them that dwell upon
3:11. Behold, I come quickly: hold fast that which thou
hast, that no man take thy crown.
3:12. He that shall overcome, I will make him a pillar in
the temple of my God: and he shall go out no more. And I
will write upon him the name of my God and the name of the
city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of
heaven from my God, and my new name.
3:13. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches.
3:14. And to the angel of the church of Laodicea write:
These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness,
who is the beginning of the creation of God:
The Amen,... that is, the true one, the Truth itself; the
Word and Son of God. The beginning,`ï 'àpxï,... that is,
the principle, the source, and the efficient cause of the
3:15. I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot.
I would thou wert cold or hot.
3:16. But because thou art lukewarm and neither cold nor
hot, I will begin to vomit thee out of my mouth.
3:17. Because thou sayest: I am rich and made wealthy and
have need of nothing: and knowest not that thou art
wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked.
3:18. I counsel thee to buy of me gold, fire tried, that
thou mayest be made rich and mayest be clothed in white
garments: and that the shame of thy nakedness may not
appear. And anoint thy eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest
3:19. Such as I love, I rebuke and chastise. Be zealous
therefore and do penance.
3:20. Behold, I stand at the gate and knock. If any man
shall hear my voice and open to me the door, I will come in
to him and will sup with him: and he with me.
3:21. To him that shall overcome, I will give to sit with
me in my throne: as I also have overcome and am set down
with my Father in his throne.
3:22. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit
saith to the churches.
Apocalypse Chapter 4
The vision of the throne of God, the twenty-four ancients
and the four living creatures.
4:1. Aftengs which must be done hereafter.
4:2. And immediately I was in the spirit. And behold, there
was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one
4:3. And he that sat was to the sight like the jasper and
the sardine stone. And there was a rainbow round about the
throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4:4. And round about the throne were four and twenty seats:
and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting,
clothed in white garments. And on their heads were crowns
4:5. And from the throne proceeded lightnings and voices
and thunders. And there were seven lamps burning before the
throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.
4:6. And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea
of glass like to crystal: and in the midst of the throne,
and round about the throne, were four living creatures,
full of eyes before and behind.
4:7. And the first living creature was like a lion: and the
second living creature like a calf: and the third living
creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the
fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
4:8. And the four living creatures had each of them six
wings: and round about and within they are full of eyes.
And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, Holy,
Holy, Lord God Almighty, who was and who is and who is to
4:9. And when those living creatures gave glory and honour
and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who
liveth for ever and ever:
4:10. The four and twenty ancients fell down before him
that sitteth on the throne and adored him that liveth for
ever and ever and cast their crowns before the throne,
4:11. Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory and
honour and power. Because thou hast created all things: and
for thy will they were and have been created.
Apocalypse Chapter 5
The book sealed with seven seals is opened by the Lamb, who
thereupon receives adoration and praise from all.
5:1. And I saw, in the right hand of him that sat on the
throne, a book, written within and without, sealed with
5:2. And I saw a strong angel, proclaiming with a loud
voice: Who is worthy to open the book and to loose the
5:3. And no man was able, neither in heaven nor on earth
nor under the earth, to open the book, nor to look on it.
5:4. And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to
open the book, nor to see it.
5:5. And one of the ancients said to me: Weep not: behold
the lion of the tribe of Juda, the root of David, hath
prevailed to open the book and to loose the seven seals
5:6. And I saw: and behold in the midst of the throne and
of the four living creatures and in the midst of the
ancients, a Lamb standing, as it were slain, having seven
horns and seven eyes: which are the seven Spirits of God,
sent forth into all the earth.
5:7. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of
him that sat on the throne.
5:8. And when he had opened the book, the four living
creatures and the four and twenty ancients fell down before
the Lamb, having every one of them harps and golden vials
full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.
The prayers of saints... Here we see that the saints in
heaven offer up to Christ the prayers of the faithful upon
5:9. And they sung a new canticle, saying: Thou art worthy,
O Lord, to take the book and to open the seals thereof:
because thou wast slain and hast redeemed us to God, in thy
blood, out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation:
5:10. And hast made us to our God a kingdom and priests,
and we shall reign on the earth.
5:11. And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels
round about the throne and the living creatures and the
ancients (and the number of them was thousands of
5:12. Saying with a loud voice: The Lamb that was slain is
worthy to receive power and divinity and wisdom and
strength and honour and glory and benediction.
5:13. And every creature which is in heaven and on the
earth and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and
all that are in them, I heard all saying: To him that
sitteth on the throne and to the Lamb, benediction and
honour and glory and power, for ever and ever.
5:14. And the four living creatures said: Amen. And the
four and twenty ancients fell down on their faces and
adored him that liveth for ever and ever.
Apocalypse Chapter 6
What followed upon opening six of the seals.
6:1. And I saw that the Lamb had opened one of the seven
seals: and I heard one of the four living creatures, as it
were the voice of thunder, saying: Come and see.
6:2. And I saw: and behold a white horse, and he that sat
on him had a bow, and there was a crown given him, and he
went forth conquering that he might conquer.
White horse... He that sitteth on the white horse is
Christ, going forth to subdue the world by his gospel. The
other horses that follow represent the judgments and
punishment that were to fall on the enemies of Christ and
his church. The red horse signifies war; the black horse,
famine; and the pale horse (which has Death for its rider),
plagues or pestilence.
6:3. And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the
second living creature saying: Come and see.
6:4. And there went out another horse that was red. And to
him that sat thereon, it was given that he should take
peace from the earth: and that they should kill one
another. And a great sword was given to him.
6:5. And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the
third living creature saying: Come and see. And behold a
black horse. And he that sat on him had a pair of scales
in his hand.
6:6. And I heard, as it were a voice in the midst of the
four living creatures, saying: Two pounds of wheat for a
penny, and thrice two pounds of barley for a penny: and see
thou hurt not the wine and the oil.
6:7. And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the
voice of the fourth living creature saying: Come and see.
6:8. And behold a pale horse: and he that sat upon him, his
name was Death. And hell followed him. And power was given
to him over the four parts of the earth, to kill with
sword, with famine and with death and with the beasts of
6:9. And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the
altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God
and for the testimony which they held.
Under the altar... Christ, as man, is this altar, under
which the souls of the martyrs live in heaven, as their
bodies are here deposited under our altars.
6:10. And they cried with a loud voice, saying: How long, O
Lord (Holy and True), dost thou not judge and revenge our
blood on them that dwell on the earth?
Revenge our blood... They ask not this out of hatred to
their enemies, but out of zeal for the glory of God, and a
desire that the Lord would accelerate the general judgment,
and the complete beatitude of all his elect.
6:11. And white robes were given to every one of them one;
And it was said to them that they should rest for a little
time till their fellow servants and their brethren, who are
to be slain even as they, should be filled up.
6:12. And I saw, when he had opened the sixth seal: and
behold there was a great earthquake. And the sun became
black as sackcloth of hair: and the whole moon became as
6:13. And the stars from heaven fell upon the earth, as the
fig tree casteth its green figs when it is shaken by a
6:14. And the heaven departed as a book folded up. And
every mountain, and the islands, were moved out of their
6:15. And the kings of the earth and the princes and
tribunes and the rich and the strong and every bondman and
every freeman hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks
6:16. And they say to the mountains and the rocks: Fall
upon us and hide us from the face of him that sitteth upon
the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb.
6:17. For the great day of their wrath is come. And who
shall be able to stand?
Apocalypse Chapter 7
The number of them that were marked with the seal of the
living God and clothed in white robes.
7:1. After these things, I saw four angels standing on the
four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the
earth, that they should not blow upon the earth nor upon
the sea nor on any tree.
7:2. And I saw another angel ascending from the rising of
the sun, having the sign of the living God. And he cried
with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was given
to hurt the earth and the sea,
7:3. Saying: Hurt not the earth nor the sea nor the trees,
till we sign the servants of our God in their foreheads.
7:4. And I heard the number of them that were signed. An
hundred forty-four thousand were signed, of every tribe of
the children of Israel.
7:5. Of the tribe of Juda, twelve thousand signed: Of the
tribe of Ruben, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of
Gad, twelve thousand signed:
7:6. Of the tribe of Aser, twelve thousand signed: Of the
tribe of Nephthali, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of
Manasses, twelve thousand signed:
7:7. Of the tribe of Simeon, twelve thousand signed: Of the
tribe of Levi, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe of
Issachar, twelve thousand signed:
7:8. Of the tribe of Zabulon, twelve thousand signed: Of
the tribe of Joseph, twelve thousand signed: Of the tribe
of Benjamin, twelve thousand signed.
7:9. After this, I saw a great multitude, which no man
could number, of all nations and tribes and peoples and
tongues, standing before the throne and in sight of the
Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands.
7:10. And they cried with a loud voice, saying: Salvation
to our God, who sitteth upon the throne and to the Lamb.
7:11. And all the angels stood round about the throne and
the ancients and the four living creatures. And they fell
down before the throne upon their faces and adored God,
7:12. Saying: Amen. Benediction and glory and wisdom and
thanksgiving, honour and power and strength, to our God,
for ever and ever. Amen.
7:13. And one of the ancients answered and said to me:
These that are clothed in white robes, who are they? And
whence came they?
7:14. And I said to him: My Lord, thou knowest. And he said
to me: These are they who are come out of great tribulation
and have washed their robes and have made them white in the
blood of the Lamb.
7:15. Therefore, they are before the throne of God: and
they serve him day and night in his temple. And he that
sitteth on the throne shall dwell over them.
7:16. They shall no more hunger nor thirst: neither shall
the sun fall on them, nor any heat.
7:17. For the Lamb, which is in the midst of the throne,
shall rule them and shall lead them to the fountains of the
waters of life: and God shall wipe away all tears from
Apocalypse Chapter 8
The seventh seal is opened. The angels with the seven
8:1. And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was
silence in heaven, as it were for half an hour.
8:2. And I saw seven angels standing in the presence of
God: and there were given to them seven trumpets.
8:3. And another angel came and stood before the altar,
having a golden censer: and there was given to him much
incense, that he should offer of the prayers of all saints,
upon the golden altar which is before the throne of God.
8:4. And the smoke of the incense of the prayers of the
saints ascended up before God from the hand of the angel.
8:5. And the angel took the censer and filled it with the
fire of the altar and cast it on the earth: and there were
thunders and voices and lightnings and a great earthquake.
8:6. And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets
prepared themselves to sound the trumpet.
8:7. And the first angel sounded the trumpet: and there
followed hail and fire, mingled with blood: and it was cast
on the earth. And the third part of the earth was burnt
up: and the third part of the trees was burnt up: and all
green grass was burnt up.
8:8. And the second angel sounded the trumpet: and, as it
were, a great mountain, burning with fire, was cast into
the sea. And the third part of the sea became blood.
8:9. And the third part of those creatures died which had
life in the sea: and the third part of the ships was
8:10. And the third angel sounded the trumpet: and a great
star fell from heaven, burning as it were a torch. And it
fell on the third part of the rivers and upon the fountains
8:11. And the name of the star is called Wormwood. And the
third part of the waters became wormwood. And many men died
of the waters, because they were made bitter.
8:12. And the fourth angel sounded the trumpet: and the
third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of
the moon, and the third part of the stars, so that the
third part of them was darkened. And the day did not shine
for a third part of it: and the night in like manner.
8:13. And I beheld: and heard the voice of one eagle flying
through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice: Woe,
Woe, Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, by reason of the
rest of the voices of the three angels, who are yet to
sound the trumpet!
Apocalypse Chapter 9
Locusts come forth from the bottomless pit. The vision of
the army of horsemen.
9:1. And the fifth angel sounded the trumpet: and I saw a
star fall from heaven upon the earth. And there was given
to him the key of the bottomless pit.
A star full... This may mean the fall and apostasy of great
and learned men from the true faith. Or a whole nation
falling into error and separating from the church, not
having the sign of God in their foreheads. And there was
given to him the key of the bottomless pit... That is, to
the angel, not to the fallen star. To this angel was given
the power, which is here signified by a key, of opening
9:2. And he opened the bottomless pit: and the smoke of the
pit arose, as the smoke of a great furnace. And the sun and
the air were darkened with the smoke of the pit.
9:3. And from the smoke of the pit there came out locusts
upon the earth. And power was given to them, as the
scorpions of the earth have power.
There came out locusts... These may be devils in
Antichrist's time, having the appearance of locusts, but
large and monstrous, as here described. Or they may be real
locusts, but of an extraordinary size and monstrous shape,
such as were never before seen on earth, sent to torment
those who have not the sign (or seal) of God on their
foreheads. Some commentators by these locusts understand
heretics, and especially those heretics, that sprung from
Jews, and with them denied the divinity of Jesus Christ; as
Theodotus, Praxeas, Noetus, Paul of Samosata, Sabellius,
Arius, etc. These were great enemies of the Christian
religion; they tormented and infected the souls of men,
stinging them like scorpions, with the poison of their
heresies. Others have explained these locusts, and other
animals, mentioned in different places throughout this
sacred and mystical book, in a most absurd, fanciful, and
ridiculous manner; they make Abaddon the Pope, and the
locusts to be friars mendicant, etc. Here it is thought
proper, not to enter into any controversy upon that
subject, as the inventors of these fancies have been
already answered, and fully refuted by many controvertists:
besides, those who might be inposed on by such chimerical
writers, are in these days much better informed.
9:4. And it was commanded them that they should not hurt
the grass of the earth nor any green thing nor any tree:
but only the men who have not the sign of God on their
9:5. And it was given unto them that they should not kill
them: but that they should torment them five months. And
their torment was as the torment of a scorpion when he
striketh a man.
9:6. And in those days, men shall seek death and shall not
find it. And they shall desire to die: and death shall fly
9:7. And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses
prepared unto battle. And on their heads were, as it were,
crowns like gold: and their faces were as the faces of men.
9:8. And they had hair as the hair of women: and their
teeth were as lions.
9:9. And they had breastplates as breastplates of iron: and
the noise of their wings was as the noise of chariots and
many horses running to battle.
9:10. And they had tails like to scorpions: and there were
stings in their tails. And their power was to hurt men,
five months. And they had over them
9:11. A king, the angel of the bottomless pit (whose name
in Hebrew is Abaddon and in Greek Apollyon, in Latin
9:12. One woe is past: and behold there come yet two woes
9:13. And the sixth angel sounded the trumpet: and I heard
a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is
before the eyes of God,
9:14. Saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet: Loose
the four angels who are bound in the great river Euphrates.
9:15. And the four angels were loosed, who were prepared
for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year: for to
kill the third part of men.
9:16. And the number of the army of horsemen was twenty
thousand times ten thousand. And I heard the number of
9:17. And thus I saw the horses in the vision. And they
that sat on them had breastplates of fire and of hyacinth
and of brimstone. And the heads of the horses were as the
heads of lions: and from their mouths proceeded fire and
smoke and brimstone.
9:18. And by these three plagues was slain the third part
of men, by the fire and by the smoke and by the brimstone
which issued out of their mouths.
9:19. For the power of the horses is in their mouths and in
their tails. For, their tails are like to serpents and have
heads: and with them they hurt.
9:20. And the rest of the men, who were not slain by these
plagues, did not do penance from the works of their hands,
that they should not adore devils and idols of gold and
silver and brass and stone and wood, which neither can see
nor hear nor walk:
9:21. Neither did they penance from their murders nor from
their sorceries nor from their fornication nor from their
Apocalypse Chapter 10
The cry of a mighty angel. He gives John a book to eat.
10:1. And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven,
clothed with a cloud. And a rainbow was on his head: and
his face, as the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire.
10:2. And he had in his hand a little book, open. And he
set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot upon the
10:3. And he cried with a loud voice as when a lion
roareth. And when he had cried, seven thunders uttered
10:4. And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices,
I was about to write. And I heard a voice from heaven
saying to me: Seal up the things which the seven thunders
have spoken. And write them not.
10:5. And the angel whom I saw standing upon the sea and
upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven.
10:6. And he swore by him that liveth for ever and ever,
who created heaven and the things which are therein, and
the earth and the things which are in it, and the sea and
the things which are therein: That time shall be no longer.
10:7. But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel,
when he shall begin to sound the trumpet, the mystery of
God shall be finished, as he hath declared by his servants
Declared... literally evangelized, to signify the good
tidings, agreeable to the Gospel, of the final victory of
Christ, and of that eternal life, which should be the
reward of the temporal sufferings of the martyrs and
faithful servants of God.
10:8. And I heard a voice from heaven, again speaking to me
and saying: Go and take the book that is open, from the
hand of the angel who standeth upon the sea and upon the
10:9. And I went to the angel, saying unto him that he
should give me the book. And he said to me: Take the book
and eat it up. And it shall make thy belly bitter: but in
thy mouth it shall be sweet as honey.
10:10. And I took the book from the hand of the angel and
ate it up: and it was in my mouth, sweet as honey. And when
I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.
10:11. And he said to me: Thou must prophesy again to many
nations and peoples and tongues and kings.
Apocalypse Chapter 11
He is ordered to measure the temple. The two witnesses.
11:1. And there was given me a reed, like unto a rod. And
it was said to me: Arise, and measure the temple of God and
the altar and them that adore therein.
11:2. But the court which is without the temple, cast out
and measure it not: because it is given unto the Gentiles.
And the holy city they shall tread under foot, two and
11:3. And I will give unto my two witnesses: and they shall
prophesy, a thousand two hundred sixty days, clothed in
My two witnesses... It is commonly understood of Henoch and
11:4. These are the two olive trees and the two
candlesticks that stand before the Lord of the earth.
11:5. And if any man will hurt them, fire shall come out of
their mouths and shall devour their enemies. And if any man
will hurt them, in this manner must he be slain.
11:6. These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in
the days of their prophecy: And they have power over
waters, to turn them into blood and to strike the earth
with all plagues, as often as they will.
11:7. And when they shall have finished their testimony,
the beast that ascendeth out of the abyss shall make war
against them and shall overcome them and kill them.
11:8. And their bodies shall lie in the streets of the
great city which is called spiritually, Sodom and Egypt:
where their Lord also was crucified.
11:9. And they of the tribes and peoples and tongues and
nations shall see their bodies for three days and a half:
and they shall not suffer their bodies to be laid in
11:10. And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice
over them and make merry: and shall send gifts one to
another, because these two prophets tormented them that
dwelt upon the earth.
11:11. And after three days and a half, the spirit of life
from God entered into them. And they stood upon their feet:
and great fear fell upon them that saw them.
11:12. And they heard a great voice from heaven, saying to
them: Come up hither. And they went up to heaven in a
cloud: and their enemies saw them.
11:13. And at that hour there was made a great earthquake:
and the tenth part of the city fell. And there were slain
in the earthquake, names of men, seven thousand: and the
rest were cast into a fear and gave glory to the God of
11:14. The second woe is past: and behold the third woe
will come quickly.
11:15. And the seventh angel sounded the trumpet: and there
were great voices in heaven, saying: The kingdom of this
world is become our Lord's and his Christ's, and he shall
reign for ever and ever. Amen.
11:16. And the four and twenty ancients who sit on their
seats in the sight of God, fell on their faces and adored
11:17. We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, who art
and who wast and who art to come: because thou hast taken
to thee thy great power, and thou hast reigned.
11:18. And the nations were angry: and thy wrath is come.
And the time of the dead, that they should be judged and
that thou shouldest render reward to thy servants the
prophets and the saints, and to them that fear thy name,
little and great: and shouldest destroy them who have
corrupted the earth.
11:19. And the temple of God was opened in heaven: and the
ark of his testament was seen in his temple. And there were
lightnings and voices and an earthquake and great hail.
Apocalypse Chapter 12
The vision of the woman clothed with the sun and of the
great dragon her persecutor.
12:1. And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman clothed
with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head
a crown of twelve stars.
A woman... The church of God. It may also, by allusion, be
applied to our blessed Lady. The church is clothed with the
sun, that is, with Christ: she hath the moon, that is, the
changeable things of the world, under her feet: and the
twelve stars with which she is crowned, are the twelve
apostles: she is in labour and pain, whilst she brings
forth her children, and Christ in them, in the midst of
afflictions and persecutions.
12:2. And being with child, she cried travailing in birth:
and was in pain to be delivered.
12:3. And there was seen another sign in heaven. And behold
a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns and on
his heads seven diadems.
12:4. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of
heaven and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood
before the woman who was ready to be delivered: that, when
she should be delivered, he might devour her son.
12:5. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule
all nations with an iron rod. And her son was taken up to
God and to his throne.
12:6. And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she had
a place prepared by God, that there they should feed her, a
thousand two hundred sixty days.
12:7. And there was a great battle in heaven: Michael and
his angels fought with the dragon, and the dragon fought,
and his angels.
12:8. And they prevailed not: neither was their place found
any more in heaven.
12:9. And that great dragon was cast out, that old serpent,
who is called the devil and Satan, who seduceth the whole
world. And he was cast unto the earth: and his angels were
thrown down with him.
12:10. And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying: Now is
come salvation and strength and the kingdom of our God and
the power of his Christ: because the accuser of our
brethren is cast forth, who accused them before our God day
12:11. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and
by the word of the testimony: and they loved not their
lives unto death.
12:12. Therefore, rejoice, O heavens, and you that dwell
therein. Woe to the earth and to the sea, because the
devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, knowing
that he hath but a short time.
12:13. And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the
earth, he persecuted the woman who brought forth the man
12:14. And there were given to the woman two wings of a
great eagle, that she might fly into the desert, unto her
place, where she is nourished for a time and times, and
half a time, from the face of the serpent.
12:15. And the serpent cast out of his mouth, after the
woman, water, as it were a river: that he might cause her
to be carried away by the river.
12:16. And the earth helped the woman: and the earth opened
her mouth and swallowed up the river which the dragon cast
out of his mouth.
12:17. And the dragon was angry against the woman: and went
to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep the
commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
12:18. And he stood upon the sand of the sea.
Apocalypse Chapter 13
Of the beast with seven heads and of a second beast.
13:1. And I saw a beast coming up out the sea, having seven
heads and ten horns: and upon his horns, ten diadems: and
upon his heads, names of blasphemy.
A beast... This first beast with seven heads and ten horns,
is probably the whole company of infidels, enemies and
persecutors of the people of God, from the beginning to the
end of the world. The seven heads are seven kings, that is,
seven principal kingdoms or empires, which have exercised,
or shall exercise, tyrannical power over the people of God;
of these, five were then fallen, viz.: the Egyptian,
Assyrian, Chaldean, Persian, and Grecian monarchies: one
was present, viz., the empire of Rome: and the seventh and
chiefest was to come, viz., the great Antichrist and his
empire. The ten horns may be understood of ten lesser
13:2. And the beast which I saw was like to a leopard: and
his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the
mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his own strength
and great power.
13:3. And I saw one of his heads as it were slain to death:
and his death's wound was healed. And all the earth was in
admiration after the beast.
One of his heads, etc... Some understand this of the mortal
wound, which the idolatry of the Roman empire (signified by
the sixth head) received from Constantine; which was, as it
were, healed again by Julian the Apostate.
13:4. And they adored the dragon which gave power to the
beast. And they adored the beast, saying: Who is like to
the beast? And who shall be able to fight with him?
13:5. And there was given to him a mouth speaking great
things and blasphemies: and power was given to him to do,
two and forty months.
13:6. And he opened his mouth unto blasphemies against God,
to blaspheme his name and his tabernacle and them that
dwell in heaven.
His tabernacle, etc... That is, his church and his saints.
13:7. And it was given unto him to make war with the saints
and to overcome them. And power was given him over every
tribe and people and tongue and nation.
13:8. And all that dwell upon the earth adored him, whose
names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb which
was slain from the beginning of the world.
Slain from the beginning, etc... In the foreknowledge of
God; and inasmuch as all mercy and grace, from the
beginning, was given in view of his death and passion.
13:9. If any man have an ear, let him hear.
13:10. He that shall lead into captivity shall go into
captivity: he that shall kill by the sword must be killed
by the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the
13:11. And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth:
and he had two horns, like a lamb: and he spoke as a
Another beast... This second beast with two horns, may be
understood of the heathenish priests and magicians; the
principal promoters both of idolatry and persecution.
13:12. And he executed all the power of the former beast in
his sight. And he caused the earth and them that dwell
therein to adore the first beast, whose wound to death was
13:13. And he did great signs, so that he made also fire to
come down from heaven unto the earth, in the sight of men.
13:14. And he seduced them that dwell on the earth, for the
signs which were given him to do in the sight of the beast:
saying to them that dwell on the earth that they should
make the image of the beast which had the wound by the
sword and lived.
13:15. And it was given him to give life to the image of
the beast: and that the image of the beast should speak:
and should cause that whosoever will not adore the image of
the beast should be slain.
13:16. And he shall make all, both little and great, rich
and poor, freemen and bondmen, to have a character in their
right hand or on their foreheads:
13:17. And that no man might buy or sell, but he that hath
the character, or the name of the beast, or the number of
13:18. Here is wisdom. He that hath understanding, let him
count the number of the beast. For it is the number of a
man: and the number of him is six hundred sixty-six.
Six hundred sixty-six... The numeral letters of his name
shall make up this number.
Apocalypse Chapter 14
Of the Lamb and of the virgins that follow him. Of the
judgments that shall fall upon the wicked.
14:1. And I beheld: and lo a Lamb stood upon mount Sion,
and with him an hundred forty-four thousand, having his
name and the name of his Father written on their foreheads.
14:2. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the noise of many
waters and as the voice of great thunder. And the voice
which I heard was as the voice of harpers, harping on their
14:3. And they sung as it were a new canticle, before the
throne and before the four living creatures and the
ancients: and no man could say the canticle, but those
hundred forty-four thousand who were purchased from the
14:4. These are they who were not defiled with women: for
they are virgins. These follow the Lamb whithersoever he
goeth. These were purchased from among men, the
firstfruits to God and to the Lamb.
14:5. And in their mouth there was found no lie: for they
are without spot before the throne of God.
14:6. And I saw another angel flying through the midst of
heaven, having the eternal gospel, to preach unto them that
sit upon the earth and over every nation and tribe and
tongue and people:
14:7. Saying with a loud voice: Fear the Lord and give him
honour, because the hour of his judgment is come. And adore
ye him that made heaven and earth, the sea and the
fountains of waters.
14:8. And another angel followed, saying: That great
Babylon is fallen, is fallen; which made all nations to
drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
Babylon... By Babylon may be very probably signified all
the wicked world in general, which God will punish, and
destroy after the short time of this mortal life: or it may
signify every great city wherein enormous sins and
abominations are daily committed; and that when the measure
of its iniquities is full, the punishments due to its
crimes are poured on it. It may also be some city of the
description in the text, that will exist, and be destroyed,
as here described, towards the end of the world.
14:9. And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud
voice: If any man shall adore the beast and his image and
receive his character in his forehead or in his hand,
14:10. He also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God,
which is mingled with pure wine in the cup of his wrath:
and shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the sight
of the holy angels and in the sight of the Lamb.
14:11. And the smoke of their torments, shall ascend up for
ever and ever: neither have they rest day nor night, who
have adored the beast and his image and whoever receiveth
the character of his name.
14:12. Here is the patience of the saints, who keep the
commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.
14:13. And I heard a voice from heaven, saying to me:
Write: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. From
henceforth now, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from
their labours. For their works follow them.
Die in the Lord... It is understood of the martyrs who die
for the Lord.
14:14. And I saw: and behold a white cloud and upon the
cloud one sitting like to the Son of man, having on his
head a crown of gold and in his hand a sharp sickle.
14:15. And another angel came out from the temple, crying
with a loud voice to him that sat upon the cloud: Thrust in
thy sickle and reap, because the hour is come to reap. For
the harvest of the earth is ripe.
14:16. And he that sat on the cloud thrust his sickle into
the earth: and the earth was reaped.
14:17. And another angel came out of the temple which is in
heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.
14:18. And another angel came out from the altar, who had
power over fire. And he cried with a loud voice to him that
had the sharp sickle, saying: Thrust in thy sharp sickle
and gather the clusters of the vineyard of the earth,
because the grapes thereof are ripe.
14:19. And the angel thrust in his sharp sickle into the
earth and gathered the vineyard of the earth and cast it
into the great press of the wrath of God:
14:20. And the press was trodden without the city, and
blood came out of the press, up to the horses' bridles, for
a thousand and six hundred furlongs.
Apocalypse Chapter 15
They that have overcome the beast glorify God. Of the seven
angels with the seven vials.
15:1. And I saw another sign in heaven, great and
wonderful: seven angels having the seven last plagues. For
in them is filled up the wrath of God.
15:2. And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with
fire: and them that had overcome the beast and his image
and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass,
having the harps of God:
15:3. And singing the canticle of Moses, the servant of
God, and the canticle of the Lamb, saying: Great and
wonderful are thy works, O Lord God Almighty. Just and true
are thy ways, O King of ages.
15:4. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and magnify thy
name? For thou only art holy. For all nations shall come
and shall adore in thy sight, because thy judgments are
15:5. And after these things, I looked: and behold, the
temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was
15:6. And the seven angels came out of the temple, having
the seven plagues, clothed with clean and white linen and
girt about the breasts with golden girdles.
15:7. And one of the four living creatures gave to the
seven angels seven golden vials, full of the wrath of God,
who liveth for ever and ever.
15:8. And the temple was filled with smoke from the majesty
of God and from his power. And no man was able to enter
into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels
Apocalypse Chapter 16
The seven vials are poured out. The plagues that ensue.
16:1. And I heard a great voice out of the temple, saying
to the seven angels: Go and pour out the seven vials of the
wrath of God upon the earth.
16:2. And the first went and poured out his vial upon the
earth. And there fell a sore and grievous wound upon men
who had the character of the beast: and upon them that
adored the image thereof.
16:3. And the second angel poured out his vial upon the
sea. And there came blood as it were of a dead man: and
every living soul died in the sea.
16:4. And the third poured out his vial upon the rivers and
the fountains of waters. And there was made blood.
16:5. And I heard the angel of the waters saying: Thou art
just, O Lord, who art and who wast, the Holy One, because
thou hast judged these things.
16:6. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets:
and thou hast given them blood to drink. For they are
16:7. And I heard another, from the altar, saying: Yea, O
Lord God Almighty, true and just are thy judgments.
16:8. And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the
sun. And it was given unto him to afflict men with heat and
16:9. And men were scorched with great heat: and they
blasphemed the name of God, who hath power over these
plagues. Neither did they penance to give him glory.
16:10. And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the
seat of the beast. And his kingdom became dark: and they
gnawed their tongues for pain.
16:11. And they blasphemed the God of heaven, because of
their pains and wounds: and did not penance for their
16:12. And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon that
great river Euphrates and dried up the water thereof, that
a way might be prepared for the kings from the rising of
16:13. And I saw from the mouth of the dragon and from the
mouth of the beast and from the mouth of the false prophet,
three unclean spirits like frogs.
16:14. For they are the spirits of devils, working signs:
and they go forth unto the kings of the whole earth, to
gather them to battle against the great day of the Almighty
16:15. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that
watcheth and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and
they see his shame.
16:16. And he shall gather them together into a place which
in Hebrew is called Armagedon.
Armagedon... That is, the hill of robbers.
16:17. And the seventh angel poured out his vial upon the
air. And there came a great voice out of the temple from
the throne, saying: It is done.
16:18. And there were lightnings and voices and thunders:
and there was a great earthquake, such an one as never had
been since men were upon the earth, such an earthquake, so
16:19. And the great city was divided into three parts: and
the cities of the Gentiles fell. And great Babylon came in
remembrance before God, to give her the cup of the wine of
the indignation of his wrath.
16:20. And every island fled away: and the mountains were
16:21. And great hail, like a talent, came down from heaven
upon men: and men blasphemed God, for the plague of the
hail: because it was exceeding great.
Apocalypse Chapter 17
The description of the great harlot and of the beast upon
which she sits.
17:1. And there came one of the seven angels who had the
seven vials and spoke with me, saying: Come, I will shew
thee the condemnation of the great harlot, who sitteth upon
17:2. With whom the kings of the earth have committed
fornication. And they who inhabit the earth have been made
drunk with the wine of her whoredom.
17:3. And he took me away in spirit into the desert. And I
saw a woman sitting upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of
names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.
17:4. And the woman was clothed round about with purple and
scarlet, and gilt with gold and precious stones and pearls,
having a golden cup in her hand, full of the abomination
and filthiness of her fornication.
17:5. And on her forehead a name was written: A mystery:
Babylon the great, the mother of the fornications and the
abominations of the earth.
A mystery... That is, a secret; because what follows of the
name and title of the great harlot is to be taken in a
mystical sense. Babylon... Either the city of the devil in
general; or, if this place be to be understood of any
particular city, pagan Rome, which then and for three
hundred years persecuted the church; and was the principal
seat both of empire and idolatry.
17:6. And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the
saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And I
wondered, when I had seen her, with great admiration.
17:7. And the angel said to me: Why dost thou wonder? I
will tell thee the mystery of the woman and of the beast
which carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and ten
17:8. The beast which thou sawest, was, and is not, and
shall come up out of the bottomless pit and go into
destruction. And the inhabitants on the earth (whose names
are not written in the book of life from the foundation of
the world) shall wonder, seeing the beast that was and is
The beast which thou sawest... This beast which supports
Babylon, may signify the power of the devil: which was and
is not, being much limited by the coming of Christ, but
shall again exert itself under Antichrist. The seven heads
of this beast are seven mountains or empires, instruments
of his tyranny; of which five were then fallen. (See chap.
13.1, and below, ver. 10.) The beast itself is said to be
the eighth, and is of the seven; because they all act under
the devil, and by his instigation, so that his power is in
them all, yet so as to make up, as it were, an eighth
empire, distinct from them all.
17:9. And here is the understanding that hath wisdom. The
seven heads are seven mountains, upon which the woman
sitteth: and they are seven kings.
17:10. Five are fallen, one is, and the other is not yet
come: and when he is come, he must remain a short time.
17:11. And the beast which was and is not: the same also is
the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into
17:12. And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings,
who have not yet received a kingdom: but shall receive
power as kings, one hour after the beast.
Ten kings... Ten lesser kingdoms, enemies also of the
church of Christ: which, nevertheless, shall be made
instruments of the justice of God for the punishment of
Babylon. Some understand this of the Goths, Vandals, Huns,
and other barbarous nations, that destroyed the empire of
17:13. These have one design: and their strength and power
they shall deliver to the beast.
17:14. These shall fight with the Lamb. And the Lamb shall
overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of
kings: and they that are with him are called and elect and
17:15. And he said to me: The waters which thou sawest,
where the harlot sitteth, are peoples and nations and
17:16. And the ten horns which thou sawest in the beast:
These shall hate the harlot and shall make her desolate and
naked and shall eat her flesh and shall burn her with fire.
17:17. For God hath given into their hearts to do that
which pleaseth him: that they give their kingdom to the
beast, till the words of God be fulfilled.
17:18. And the woman which thou sawest is the great city
which hath kingdom over the kings of the earth.
Apocalypse Chapter 18
The fall of Babylon. Kings and merchants lament over her.
18:1. And after these things, I saw another angel come down
from heaven, having great power: and the earth was
enlightened with his glory.
18:2. And he cried out with a strong voice, saying: Babylon
the great is fallen, is fallen: and is become the
habitation of devils and the hold of every unclean spirit
and the hold of every unclean and hateful bird:
18:3. Because all nations have drunk of the wine of the
wrath of her fornication: and the kings of the earth have
committed fornication with her; And the merchants of the
earth have been made rich by the power of her delicacies.
18:4. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying: Go out
from her, my people; that you be not partakers of her sins
and that you receive not of her plagues.
18:5. For her sins have reached unto heaven: and the Lord
hath remembered her iniquities.
18:6. Render to her as she also hath rendered to you: and
double unto her double, according to her works. In the cup
wherein she hath mingled, mingle ye double unto her.
18:7. As much as she hath glorified herself and lived in
delicacies, so much torment and sorrow give ye to her.
Because she saith in her heart: I sit a queen and am no
widow: and sorrow I shall not see.
18:8. Therefore, shall her plagues come in one day, death
and mourning and famine. And she shall be burnt with the
fire: because God is strong, who shall judge her.
18:9. And the kings of the earth, who have committed
fornication and lived in delicacies with her, shall weep
and bewail themselves over her, when they shall see the
smoke of her burning:
18:10. Standing afar off for fear of her torments, saying:
Alas! alas! that great city, Babylon, that mighty city:
for in one hour is thy judgment come.
18:11. And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn
over her: for no man shall buy their merchandise any more.
18:12. Merchandise of gold and silver and precious stones:
and of pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and
scarlet: and all thyine wood: and all manner of vessels of
ivory: and all manner of vessels of precious stone and of
brass and of iron and of marble:
18:13. And cinnamon and odours and ointment and
frankincense and wine and oil and fine flour and wheat and
beasts and sheep and horses and chariots: and slaves and
souls of men.
18:14. And the fruits of the desire of thy soul are
departed from thee: and all fat and goodly things are
perished from thee. And they shall find them no more at
18:15. The merchants of these things, who were made rich,
shall stand afar off from her, for fear of her torments,
weeping and mourning,
18:16. And saying: Alas! alas! that great city, which was
clothed with fine linen and purple and scarlet and was gilt
with gold and precious stones and pearls.
18:17. For in one hour are so great riches come to nought.
And every shipmaster and all that sail into the lake, and
mariners, and as many as work in the sea, stood afar off,
18:18. And cried, seeing the place of her burning, saying:
What city is like to this great city?
18:19. And they cast dust upon their heads and cried,
weeping and mourning, saying: Alas! alas! that great city,
wherein all were made rich, that had ships at sea, by
reason of her prices. For, in one hour she is made
18:20. Rejoice over her, thou heaven and ye holy apostles
and prophets. For God hath judged your judgment on her.
18:21. And a mighty angel took up a stone, as it were a
great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying: With
such violence as this, shall Babylon, that great city, be
thrown down and shall be found no more at all.
18:22. And the voice of harpers and of musicians and of
them that play on the pipe and on the trumpet shall no more
be heard at all in thee: and no craftsman of any art
whatsoever shall be found any more at all in thee: and the
sound of the mill shall be heard no more at all in thee:
18:23. And the light of the lamp shall shine no more at all
in thee: and the voice of the bridegroom and the bride
shall be heard no more at all in thee. For thy merchants
were the great men of the earth: for all nations have been
deceived by thy enchantments.
18:24. And in her was found the blood of prophets and of
saints and of all that were slain upon the earth.
Apocalypse Chapter 19
The saints glorify God for his judgments on the great
harlot. Christ's victory over the beast and the kings of
19:1. After these things, I heard as it were the voice of
much people in heaven, saying: Alleluia. Salvation and
glory and power is to our God.
19:2. For true and just are his judgments, who hath judged
the great harlot which corrupted the earth with her
fornication and hath revenged the blood of his servants, at
19:3. And again they said: Alleluia. And her smoke
ascendeth for ever and ever.
19:4. And the four and twenty ancients and the four living
creatures fell down and adored God that sitteth upon the
throne, saying: Amen. Alleluia.
19:5. And a voice came out from the throne, saying: Give
praise to our God, all ye his servants: and you that fear
him, little and great.
19:6. And I heard as it were the voice of a great
multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the
voice of great thunders, saying: Alleluia: for the Lord our
God, the Almighty, hath reigned.
19:7. Let us be glad and rejoice and give glory to him. For
the marriage of the Lamb is come: and his wife hath
19:8. And it is granted to her that she should clothe
herself with fine linen, glittering and white. For the fine
linen are the justifications of saints.
19:9. And he said to me: Write: Blessed are they that are
called to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith to
me: These words of God are true.
19:10. And I fell down before his feet, to adore him. And
he saith to me: See thou do it not. I am thy fellow servant
and of thy brethren who have the testimony of Jesus. Adore
God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
I fell down before, etc... St. Augustine (lib. 20, contra
Faust, c. 21) is of opinion, that this angel appeared in so
glorious a manner, that St. John took him to be God; and
therefore would have given him divine honour had not the
angel stopped him, by telling him he was but his fellow
servant. St. Gregory (Hom. 8, in Evang.) rather thinks that
the veneration offered by St. John, was not divine honour,
or indeed any other than what might lawfully be given; but
was nevertheless refused by the angel, in consideration of
the dignity to which our human nature had been raised, by
the incarnation of the Son of God, and the dignity of St.
John, an apostle, prophet, and martyr.
19:11. And I saw heaven opened: and behold a white horse.
And he that sat upon him was called faithful and true: and
with justice doth he judge and fight.
19:12. And his eyes were as a flame of fire: and on his
head were many diadems. And he had a name written, which no
man knoweth but himself.
19:13. And he was clothed with a garment sprinkled with
blood. And his name is called: THE WORD OF GOD.
19:14. And the armies that are in heaven followed him on
white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.
19:15. And out of his mouth proceedeth a sharp two-edged
sword, that with it he may strike the nations. And he shall
rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress
of the fierceness of the wrath of God the Almighty.
19:16. And he hath on his garment and on his thigh written:
KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
19:17. And I saw an angel standing in the sun: and he cried
with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that did fly
through the midst of heaven: Come, gather yourselves
together to the great supper of God:
19:18. That you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of
tribunes and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of
horses and of them that sit on them: and the flesh of all
freemen and bondmen and of little and of great.
19:19. And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and
their armies, gathered together to make war with him that
sat upon the horse and with his army.
19:20. And the beast was taken, and with him the false
prophet who wrought signs before him, wherewith he seduced
them who received the character of the beast and who adored
his image. These two were cast alive into the pool of fire
burning with brimstone.
19:21. And the rest were slain by the sword of him that
sitteth upon the horse, which proceedeth out of his mouth:
and all the birds were filled with their flesh.
Apocalypse Chapter 20
Satan is bound for a thousand years. The souls of the
martyrs reign with Christ in the first resurrection. The
last attempts of Satan against the church. The last
20:1. And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having
the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his
20:2. And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent,
which is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand
Bound him, etc... The power of Satan has been very much
limited by the passion of Christ: for a thousand years;
that is, for the whole time of the New Testament; but
especially from the time of the destruction of Babylon or
pagan Rome, till the new efforts of Gog and Magog against
the church, towards the end of the world. During which time
the souls of the martyrs and saints live and reign with
Christ in heaven, in the first resurrection, which is that
of the soul to the life of glory; as the second
resurrection will be that of the body, at the day of the
20:3. And he cast him into the bottomless pit and shut him
up and set a seal upon him, that he should no more seduce
the nations till the thousand years be finished. And after
that, he must be loosed a little time.
20:4. And I saw seats. And they sat upon them: and judgment
was given unto them. And the souls of them that were
beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God
and who had not adored the beast nor his image nor received
his character on their foreheads or in their hands. And
they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
20:5. The rest of the dead lived not, till the thousand
years were finished. This is the first resurrection.
20:6. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first
resurrection. In these the second death hath no power. But
they shall be priests of God and of Christ: and shall reign
with him a thousand years.
20:7. And when the thousand years shall be finished, Satan
shall be loosed out of his prison and shall go forth and
seduce the nations which are over the four quarters of the
earth, Gog and Magog: and shall gather them together to
battle, the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
20:8. And they came upon the breadth of the earth and
encompassed the camp of the saints and the beloved city.
20:9. And there cane down fire from God out of heaven and
devoured them: and the devil, who seduced them, was cast
into the pool of fire and brimstone, where both the beast
20:10. And the false prophet shall be tormented day and
night for ever and ever.
20:11. And I saw a great white throne and one sitting upon
it, from whose face the earth and heaven fled away: and
there was no place found for them
20:12. And I saw the dead, great and small, standing in the
presence of the throne. And the books were opened: and
another book was opened, which was the book of life. And
the dead were judged by those things which were written in
the books, according to their works.
20:13. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it: and
death and hell gave up their dead that were in them. And
they were judged, every one according to their works.
20:14. And hell and death were cast into the pool of fire.
This is the second death.
20:15. And whosoever was not found written in the book of
life was cast into the pool of fire.
Apocalypse Chapter 21
The new Jerusalem described.
21:1. I saw a new heaven and a new earth. For the first
heaven and the first earth was gone: and the sea is now no
The first heaven and the first earth was gone, being
changed, not as to their substance, but in their qualities.
21:2. And I, John, saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem,
coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride
adorned for her husband.
21:3. And I heard a great voice from the throne, saying:
Behold the tabernacle of God with men: and he will dwell
with them. And they shall be his people: and God himself
with them shall be their God.
21:4. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes:
and death shall be no more. Nor mourning, nor crying, nor
sorrow shall be any more, for the former things are passed
21:5. And he that sat on the throne, said: Behold, I make
all things new. And he said to me: Write. For these words
are most faithful and true.
21:6. And he said to me: It is done. I am Alpha and Omega:
the Beginning and the End. To him that thirsteth, I will
give of the fountain of the water of life, freely.
21:7. He that shall overcome shall possess these things.
And I will be his God: and he shall be my son.
21:8. But the fearful and unbelieving and the abominable
and murderers and whoremongers and sorcerers and idolaters
and all liars, they shall have their portion in the pool
burning with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.
21:9. And there came one of the seven angels, who had the
vials full of the seven last plagues, and spoke with me,
saying: Come and I will shew thee the bride, the wife of
21:10. And he took me up in spirit to a great and high
mountain: and he shewed me the holy city Jerusalem, coming
down out of heaven from God,
21:11. Having the glory of God, and the light thereof was
like to a precious stone, as to the jasper stone even as
21:12. And it had a wall great and high, having twelve
gates, and in the gates twelve angels, and names written
thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the
children of Israel.
21:13. On the east, three gates: and on the north, three
gates: and on the south, three gates: and on the west,
21:14. And the wall of the city had twelve foundations: And
in them, the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the
21:15. And he that spoke with me had a measure of a reed of
gold, to measure the city and the gates thereof and the
21:16. And the city lieth in a four-square: and the length
thereof is as great as the breadth. And he measured the
city with the golden reed for twelve thousand furlongs: and
the length and the height and the breadth thereof are
21:17. And he measured the wall thereof an hundred
forty-four cubits, the measure of a man, which is of an
The measure of a man, i.e., According to the measure of
men, and used by the angel... This seems to be the true
meaning of these words.
21:18. And the building of the wall thereof was of jasper
stone: but the city itself pure gold like to clear glass.
21:19. And the foundations of the wall of the city were
adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first
foundation was jasper: the second, sapphire: the third; a
chalcedony: the fourth, an emerald:
21:20. The fifth, sardonyx: the sixth, sardius: the
seventh, chrysolite: the eighth, beryl: the ninth, a topaz:
the tenth, a chrysoprasus: the eleventh, a jacinth: the
twelfth, an amethyst.
21:21. And the twelve gates are twelve pearls, one to each:
and every several gate was of one several pearl. And the
street of the city was pure gold, as it were, transparent
21:22. And I saw no temple therein. For the Lord God
Almighty is the temple thereof, and the Lamb.
21:23. And the city hath no need of the sun, nor of the
moon, to shine in it. For the glory of God hath enlightened
it: and the Lamb is the lamp thereof.
21:24. And the nations shall walk in the light of it: and
the kings of the earth shall bring their glory and honour
21:25. And the gates thereof shall not be shut by day: for
there shall be no night there.
21:26. And they shall bring the glory and honour of the
nations into it.
21:27. There shall not enter into it any thing defiled or
that worketh abomination or maketh a lie: but they that are
written in the book of life of the Lamb.
Apocalypse Chapter 22
The water and tree of life. The conclusion.
22:1. And he shewed me a river of water of life, clear as
crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.
22:2. In the midst of the street thereof, and on both sides
of the river, was the tree of life, bearing twelve fruits,
yielding its fruits every month: the leaves of the tree for
the healing of the nations.
22:3. And there shall be no curse any more: but the throne
of God and of the Lamb shall be in it. And his servants
shall serve him.
22:4. And they shall see his face: and his name shall be on
22:5. And night shall be no more. And they shall not need
the light of the lamp, nor the light of the sun, because
the Lord God shall enlighten then. And they shall reign for
ever and ever.
22:6. And he said to me: These words are most faithful and
true. And the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent
his angel to shew his servant the things which must be done
22:7. And: Behold I come quickly. Blessed is he that
keepeth the words of the prophecy of this book.
22:8. And I, John, who have heard and seen these things.
And, after I had heard and seen, I fell down to adore
before the feet of the angel who shewed me the things.
22:9. And he said to me: See thou do it not. For I am thy
fellow servant, and of thy brethren the prophets and of
them that keep the words of the prophecy of this book.
22:10. And he saith to me: Seal not the words of the
prophecy of this book. For the time is at hand.
For the time is at hand... That is, when compared to
eternity, all time and temporal things vanish, and are but
of short duration. As to the time when the chief
predictions should come to pass, we have no certainty, as
appears by the different opinions, both of the ancient
fathers and late interpreters. Many think that most things
set down from the 4th chapter to the end, will not be
fulfilled till a little time before the end of the world.
Others are of opinion, that a great part of them, and
particularly the fall of the wicked Babylon, happened at
the destruction of paganism, by the destruction of heathen
Rome, and its persecuting heathen emperors. Of these
interpretations, see Aleazar, in his long commentary; see
the learned Bossnet, bishop of Meaux, in his treatise on
this Book; and P. Alleman, in his notes on the same
Apocalypse, tom. 12, who in his Preface says, that this, in
a great measure, may be now looked upon as the opinion
followed by the learned men. In fine, others think that St.
John's design was in a mystical way, by metaphors and
allegories, to represent the attempts and persecutions of
the wicked against the servants of God, the punishments
that should in a short time fall upon Babylon, that is,
upon all the wicked in general: the eternal happiness and
reward, which God had reserved for the pious inhabitants of
Jerusalem, that is, for his faithful servants, after their
short trials and the tribulations of this mortal life. In
the mean time we meet with many profitable instructions and
admonitions, which we may easily enough understand: but we
have no certainty when we apply these predictions to
particular events: for as St. Jerome takes notice, the
Apocalypse has as many mysteries as words, or rather
mysteries in every word. Apocalypsis Joannis tot habet
Sacramenta quot verba - parum dixi, in verbis singulis
multiplices latent intelligentiae. Ep. ad Paulin, t. 4. p.
574. Edit. Benedict.
22:11. He that hurteth, let him hurt still: and he that is
filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is just, let
him be justified still: and he that is holy, let him be
Let him hurt still... It is not an exhortation, or license
to go on in sin; but an intimation, that how far soever the
wicked may proceed, their progress shall quickly end, and
then they must expect to meet with proportionable
22:12. Behold, I come quickly: and my reward is with me, to
render to every, man according to his works.
22:13. I am Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the
Beginning and the End.
22:14. Blessed are they that wash their robes in the blood
of the Lamb: that they may have a right to the tree of life
and may enter in by the gates into the city.
22:15. Without are dogs and sorcerers and unchaste and
murderers and servers of idols and every one that loveth
and maketh a lie.
22:16. I, Jesus, have sent my angel, to testify to you
these things in the churches. I am the root and stock of
David, the bright and morning star.
22:17. And the spirit and the bride say: Come. And he that
heareth, let him say: Come. And he that thirsteth, let him
come. And he that will, let him take the water of life,
22:18. For I testify to every one that heareth the words of
the prophecy of this book: If any man shall add to these
things, God shall add unto him the plagues written in this
22:19. And if any man shall take away from the words of the
book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of
the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from these
things that are written in this book.
22:20. He that giveth testimony of these things, saith:
Surely, I come quickly: Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.
22:21. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.
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