History of the Consecration and Related Events
If one is looking for the conversion of Russia to the Catholic faith, and the acceptance of the Primacy of the Roman Pontiff, then this will be an unsatisfying timeline. However, Our Lady promised,
|Por fim o Meu Imaculado Coração triunfará. O Santo Padre consagrar-me-á a Rússia, |
que se converterá, e será concedido ao mundo algum tempo de paz.
|In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph. The Holy Father will consecrate Russia |
to me, which will be converted, and the world will be granted some time of peace.
In both Latin and Portuguese, to convert is a general term, convertere (L) and converter (P), meaning to turn around, a turning back to God. The people of Russia have had a tremendous devotion to Our Lady for hundreds of years, as well as an Apostolic Faith going back to Saints Cyril and Methodius, lacking, largely, only communion with the Roman Pontiff. This apostolic faith was persecuted under communism and its laws for over 70 years. That persecution ended in the wake of the 1984 Consecration, freeing Russians, and the peoples of the Soviet satellite nations, to publicly and ardently practice their faith once again.
On the other, today we see in the West that the militancy atheism formerly found in Russia is now ascendant in our own countries, both in communist and socialism economic forms, but also in the secularism, humanism, scientism and practical atheism of the cultural, academic and political elites. As a result the de-Christianization of the West is progressing rapidly. The remedy is the same as it was for Russia, the message of Fatima - a message of corporate and personal consecration, and prayer and reparation for souls. The remedies for persecution available within our cultural and political institutions are necessary, and should be utilized, but in the end they will be ineffective without recourse to the Blessed Mother, who by the Divine Will has been sent in our time to assist her Son's people.
|Our Lady promises to "come and ask the consecration of Russia to Her Immaculate Heart"|
|Our Lady fulfills her promise, asking "for the consecration of Russia to Her Immaculate Heart, promising its conversion through this means and the hindering of the propagation of its errors."|
|1937||Pius XI (1922-1939) informed of this request by the Bishop of Leiria, Dom José Alves Correia da Silva|
|1938||Portuguese Bishops ask Pius XI for the Consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart. It is said they were influenced to do this by the spiritual director of Bl. Alexandrina da Costa (1904-1955).|
|Request made to Pius XII through the Bishop of Macau, and a little later through Father Gonzaga de Fonseca. Mention is made of Our Lady asking the Consecrating of Russia to the Immaculate Heart.|
|Sr. Lucia writes letter to Pius XII, saying that Our Lord Himself requests the Pope to "consecrate the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, with a special mention for Russia, and order that all the Bishops of the world do the same in union with Your Holiness."|
|October 31, 1942||Pope Pius XII consecrates the world to the Immaculate Heart.|
|Pope Pius XII consecrates the Russian people to the Immaculate Heart|
|November 21, 1964||Pope Paul VI renews, in the presence of the Fathers of the Vatican Council but without their participation, the consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart.|
|May 13, 1982||Pope John Paul II invites the bishops of the world to join him in consecrating the world and with it Russia to the Immaculate Heart. Many do not receive the invitation in time for the Pope's trip to Fatima, where he accomplishes the consecration. Sr. Lucia later says it did not fulfill the conditions.|
|October 1983||Pope John Paul II, at the Synod of Bishops, renews the 1982 Consecration|
|March 25, 1984||Consecration of the World and with it Russia, Pope John Paul II.|
". . . united with all the pastors of the Church in a particular bond whereby we constitute a body and a college," consecrates "the whole world, especially the peoples for which by reason of their situation you have particular love and solicitude." Both the Pope and Sr. Lucia initially seemed uncertain that the consecration has been fulfilled, but shortly thereafter Sr. Lucia tells the papal nuncio to Portugal that the Consecration is fulfilled.
|May 13, 1984||One of the largest crowds in Fatima history gathers at the shrine to pray the Rosary for peace.|
|May 13, 1984||An explosion at the Soviets’ Severomorsk Naval Base destroys two-thirds of all the missiles stockpiled for the Soviets’ Northern Fleet. The blast also destroys workshops needed to maintain the missiles as well as hundreds of scientists and technicians. Western military experts called it the worst naval disaster the Soviet Navy has suffered since WWII.|
|December 1984||Soviet Defense Minister, mastermind of the invasion plans for Western Europe, suddenly and mysteriously dies.|
|March 10, 1985||Soviet Chairman Konstantin Chernenko dies|
|March 11, 1985||Soviet Chairman Mikhail Gorbachev elected|
|April 26, 1986||Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident|
|May 12, 1988||An explosion wrecked the only factory that made the rocket motors for the Soviets’ deadly SS 24 long-range missiles, which carry ten nuclear bombs each.|
|August 29, 1989||Sr. Lucia affirms in correspondence that the consecration "has been accomplished" and that "God will keep His word."|
|November 9, 1989||Fall of the Berlin Wall|
|Nov-Dec 1989||Peaceful revolutions in Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania|
|1990||East and West Germany are unified|
|December 25, 1991||Dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|
1940, December 2nd. Letter of Sr. Lucia to Pope Pius XII requesting the Consecration of the World and Russia to the Immaculate Heart
Most Holy Father,
Humbly prostrated at your feet, I come as the last sheep of the fold entrusted to you to open my heart, by order of my spiritual director.
I am the only survivor of the children to whom our Lady appeared in Fátima (Portugal) from the 13th of May to the 13th of October 1917. The Blessed Virgin has granted me many graces, the greatest of all being my admission to the Institute of Saint Dorothy. (To here this is copy of the sketch the Bishop sent me.)
I come, Most Holy Father, to renew a request that has already been brought to you several times. The request, Most Holy Father, is from our Lord and our good Mother in Heaven.
In 1917, in the portion of the apparitions that we have designated "the secret," the Blessed Virgin revealed the end of the war that was then afflicting Europe, and predicted another forthcoming, saying that to prevent it She would come and ask the consecration of Russia to Her Immaculate Heart as well as the Communion of reparation on the first Saturday. She promised peace and the conversion of that nation if Her request was attended to. She announced that otherwise this nation would spread her errors throughout the world, and there would be wars, persecutions of the Holy Church, martyrdom of many Christians, several persecutions and sufferings reserved for Your Holiness, and the annihilation of several nations.
Most Holy Father, this remained a secret until 1926 according to the express will of our Lady. Then, in a revelation She asked that the Communion of reparation on the first Saturdays of five consecutive months be propagated throughout the world, with its conditions of doing the following with the same purpose; going to confession, meditating for a quarter of an hour on the mysteries of the Rosary and saying the Rosary with the aim of making reparation for the insults, sacrileges and indifferences committed against Her Immaculate Heart. Our good Heavenly Mother promises to assist the persons who practise this devotion, in the hour of their death, with all the necessary graces for their salvation. I exposed the request of our Lady to my confessor, who tried to have it fulfilled, but only on the 13th of September 1939 did His Excellency the Bishop of Leiria make public in Fatima this request of our Lady.
I take this opportunity, Most Holy Father, to ask you to bless and extend this devotion to the whole world. In 1929, through another apparition, our Lady asked for the consecration of Russia to Her Immaculate Heart, promising its conversion through this means and the hindering of the propagation of its errors.
Sometime afterwards I told my confessor of the request of our Lady. He tried to fulfill it by making it known to Pius XI.
In several intimate communications our Lord has not stopped insisting on this request, promising lately, to shorten the days of tribulation which He has determined to punish the nations for their crimes, through war, famine and several persecutions of the Holy Church and Your Holiness, if you will consecrate the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, with a special mention for Russia, and order that all the Bishops of the world do the same in union with Your Holiness. I truly feel your sufferings, Most Holy Father! And, at much as I can through my humble prayers and sacrifices, I try to lessen them, close to our Lord and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
Most Holy Father, if in the union of my soul with God I have not been deceived, our Lord promises a special protection to our country in this war, due to the consecration of the nation by the Portuguese Prelates, to the Immaculate Heart of Mary; as proof of the graces that would have been granted to other nations, had they also consecrated themselves to Her.
Now, Most Holy Father, allow me to make one more request, which is but an ardent wish of my humble heart; that the feast in honour of the Immaculate Heart of Mary be extended throughout the whole world as one of the main feasts of the Holy Church.
With the deepest respect and reverence I ask for the Apostolic Blessing. May God protect Your Holiness.
Tuy, Spain, 2nd of December of 1940.
Maria Lucia de Jesus
Texts from Novos Documentos de Fátima, Fr. Anthony Mario Martins, SJ (Oporto: 1984). English edition: Documents on Fatima & Memoirs of Sr. Lucia. (Alexandria, SD: Fatima Family Apostolate, 1992).