The Anglican Church
In 1788, when the English sailed to Australia to set up the first colony, the Church of England was the only approved religion. Catholic priests tried to come to the colony but were forbidden, and Catholics were obliged to attend the Anglican service on Sundays. If they refused, their daily rations would be reduced. The first Catholic Mass was permitted in 1803.
John Bede Polding, an English Benedictine monk.
In 1819, two priests were authorized to minister to the Catholics of Australia. On May 12, 1834, Father John Bede Polding was appointed Vicar Apostolic. It was a wonderful time for Australian Catholics, who up until this time had relied solely on Anglican clergy for worship, baptisms, weddings, funerals and burials.
According to the latest Vatican statistics, there are 5,704,000 Catholics out of a total population of 20,700,000. Furthermore, the Church in Australia has 33 archbishops and bishops in 33 ecclesiastical territories, as well as 1,390 parishes having 3,125 priests. In addition, there are 7,950 religious, 40 lay members of secular institutes and 8,192 catechists in Australia, with 244 students in major seminaries and 83 in minor (or high school) seminaries.
He is a judge, but not only that, he is deaf.
George Palmer, a former justice of Australia’s Supreme Court, is the composer of the music for the Mass to be celebrated by Pope Benedict XVI for the closing of World Youth Day 2008. The Mass is entitled "Benedictus qui venit," which means "Blessed is he who comes (in the Name of the Lord)."
The World Youth Days were initiated by Pope John Paul II, who celebrated the first one in Rome on Palm Sunday in 1986.
Australia Catholic University, or, ACU National.
Blessed Mary Mackillop.
Mary MacKillop was born on January 15, 1842. From the age of sixteen, she supported her family by taking jobs as a governess and teacher. In 1866, Mary opened her first school in Penola. Young women came to join her, and so the Congregation of the Sisters of St Joseph began. The women spread across Australia, opening schools, influencing Catholic Education, starting orphanages and “providences” to care for the homeless and destitute, and “refuges” for ex-prisoners and ex-prostitutes. Ill of health most of her life, Mary suffered a stroke and died on August 8, 1909, in North Sydney. She was beatified on January 15, 1995, by Pope John Paul II. Mary is likely to become Australia’s first native born saint.
April 16, 1927.
Josef Alois Ratzinger was born on Holy Saturday, April 16, 1927, to Josef and Maria Ratzinger at Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany. He was the youngest child, having an older sister named Maria and an older brother named Georg.
April 19, 2005
Following the death of Pope John Paul II on April 2, 2005, Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger acting as Dean of the College of Cardinals guided the Church through the period of the Vacancy of the Holy See, and was himself elected to succeed the Pope he served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
The Brown Joeys.
The Sisters of St. Joseph are affectionately known as the Brown Joeys because their habits are brown, and because Joey is the shortened version of Joseph. The nickname also has an Australian twist, since “joey” is the name for a baby kangaroo.
In 1995 Manila had over 2 million participants in the 10th World Youth Day.
According to the Holy Father’s desire, everyone should feel welcome at World Youth Day, but it is specifically designed for Catholics between the ages of 16-35.
“You will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you will be my witnesses.” (Acts 1:8)
These words of Jesus on the day of His Ascension promised the Apostles the gift of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. All Catholics receive an infusion of the Holy Spirit at their Confirmation, in order to be faithful witnesses to Christ by word and deed.
According to the 2006 Census, Catholics make up 25.8% of the population, with Anglicans 18.7%. Altogether, 63.9% of Australians are Christian.
There have been three papal visits to Australia. 1970: Pope Paul VI . Randwick Racecourse. 1986: Pope John Paul II. Randwick Racecourse, attracting 250,000 people 1995: Pope John Paul II. Beatification Mass for Mary MacKillop, Randwick Racecourse.
A special program for youth at WYD08 to visit dioceses other than Sydney.
Days in the Dioceses is an excellent opportunity for the youth of the world to join local communities in prayer and celebration, to experience Australia beyond Sydney, to help renew the Church in the places they visit, as well as to receive Australian hospitality.
Sydney Opera House
The Sydney Opera House is a world-class performing arts venue, and one of the best known icons of Australia. In addition to hosting many touring theatre, ballet, and musical productions, the Opera House is the home of Opera Australia, the Sydney Theatre Company and the Sydney Symphony.
The native people of Australia.
The literal translation of the word 'Aborigine' is the people who were here from the beginning. There have been people living in Australia for thousands of years. The first recorded art of the continent is dated 30,000 years ago. It is assumed that the first people made their way to Australia via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day South-East Asia.
Slightly smaller than the United States, Australia is the smallest of the continents, followed by Europe, Antarctica, South America, North America, Africa, and the largest, Asia.
Canberra is Australia’s largest inland city, with a population of 335,000. Selected as the site of the nation’s capital in 1908, construction on the city didn’t actually begin until 1913.
New South Wales.
Located in the southeast of Australia, it is the country’s most populous state.
It depends on whether you are female or not.
A “sheila,” from the Irish of the girl’s name, is slang for a girl or woman. If you are not a sheila you are a bloke.
A good friend.
A “mate” is used for a good friend of the same sex, or a platonic friend of the opposite sex.
A “click” or kilometer is 6/10ths of a mile.
Since Australia uses the metric system, Americans will have to adjust to distances given in kilometers. In the United States the “English System” of inches, feet and miles, is used. England and her other former colonies all use the metric system.