II. The Common God (Compendium 164 – 170)
The common good is "the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily". This is a general good, the good of all individuals, not the sum of the particular goods of individuals or group. Everyone has a responsibility for the common good, but governments have a specific responsibility to harmonize the interests of its citizens. (Compendium 166)
Among the specific principles of the Common Good are A) the universal destination of all goods, B) the universal right to the use of the goods of the earth, and C) the right of private property. There is also a special primacy of charity for the poor, a preferential option for the poor, as the neediest of society.