EWTN Catholic Q&A
If a baby isn't baptized before they pass away
Question from Bianca on 09-21-2012:

If a baby passes away for some reason and is not baptized before they pass, will they go to hell?

Answer by Judie Brown on 09-27-2012:


The unbaptized child will not go to Hell. In fact the Vatican has published a complete response to your question at http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/cti_documents/rc_con_cfai th_doc_20070419_un-baptised-infants_en.html

The teaching includes this:

"The conclusion of this study is that there are theological and liturgical reasons to hope that infants who die without baptism may be saved and brought into eternal happiness, even if there is not an explicit teaching on this question found in Revelation. However, none of the considerations proposed in this text to motivate a new approach to the question may be used to negate the necessity of baptism, nor to delay the conferral of the sacrament. Rather, there are reasons to hope that God will save these infants precisely because it was not possible to do for them that what would have been most desirable— to baptize them in the faith of the Church and incorporate them visibly into the Body of Christ."

Judie Brown