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Theological inquiry
Question from Edgar Cardenas on 11/17/2017:

Hello.

First and foremost thank you for reading my inquiry. I would like to know is purgatory a stage that came after Jesus fulfilled his purpose in earth? For example in the old testament, we have sheoul and Abrahams as places where people of the old testament would go after death. Is purgatory brought up after Jesus ministry? Or, is purgatory found also in the times of the old testament where sheol and aabrahams good on resides? I have heard that Jewish orthodox pray a prayer to their departed, similarity to how we pray for the departed souls in purgatory.

Answer by Judie Brown on 11/25/2017:

The Catechism of the Catholic Church provides this information on Purgatory:

III. THE FINAL PURIFICATION, OR PURGATORY

1030 All who die in God's grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; but after death they undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven.

1031 The Church gives the name Purgatory to this final purification of the elect, which is entirely different from the punishment of the damned.606 The Church formulated her doctrine of faith on Purgatory especially at the Councils of Florence and Trent. The tradition of the Church, by reference to certain texts of Scripture, speaks of a cleansing fire:607

As for certain lesser faults, we must believe that, before the Final Judgment, there is a purifying fire. He who is truth says that whoever utters blasphemy against the Holy Spirit will be pardoned neither in this age nor in the age to come. From this sentence we understand that certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come.608 1032 This teaching is also based on the practice of prayer for the dead, already mentioned in Sacred Scripture: "Therefore [Judas Maccabeus] made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin."609 From the beginning the Church has honored the memory of the dead and offered prayers in suffrage for them, above all the Eucharistic sacrifice, so that, thus purified, they may attain the beatific vision of God.610 The Church also commends almsgiving, indulgences, and works of penance undertaken on behalf of the dead:

Let us help and commemorate them. If Job's sons were purified by their father's sacrifice, why would we doubt that our offerings for the dead bring them some consolation? Let us not hesitate to help those who have died and to offer our prayers for them.611

See: http://www.scborromeo.org/ccc/p123a12.htm#1031

Judie

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