Fr. Charles Connor PhD, historian and priest of the
Diocese of Scranton, Pennsylvania, examines how the Catholic Church has
dealt with heresy throughout its history and in the process gained a
greater understanding of the Truths of the Faith.
WHAT IS HERESY?
Fr. Connor cites St. Thomas Aquinas on the definition and nature of
heresy as deviation from the whole and entire, universal Catholic Faith.
He distinguishes between formal and material heresy, apostasy and
WHAT IS HERESY? pt.2
Here Fr. Connor explores what the Bible says about heresy and those
who espouse heretical tenets. The inspired writers seek to protect the
full revelation made by Christ to His Church.
Fr Connor explains the early heresies known as Gnosticism, Marcionism
CHURCH FATHERS AND HERESY,
In the effort to declare the true Faith over and above the
errors of heresies such as Docetism, Fr. Connor focuses on the works of
St. Augustine, Tertullian, St. Ambrose of Milan, St. Jerome and St. John
HERESIES OF THE FOURTH AND FIFTH CENTURIES, pt. 1
Fr. Connor gives a treatment of Arianism, a heresy which stated that
Jesus was the perfect creature, but not God. St. Athanasius defends the
divinity of Christ.
HERESIES OF THE FOURTH AND FIFTH CENTURIES, pt. 2
Here Fr Connor discusses the heresies known as Monothelitism, Donatism and
Pelagianism. St. Augustine worked to champion the true Faith.
ICONOCLASM Fr Connor examines the period of the Iconoclastic
Controversy, from 725-843 A.D., in which there were alternating periods
of icon desecration and recovery, succeeded by the 7th Ecumenical
Council of Nicea and the eventual triumph of the Iconophiles, resulting
in the Feast of Orthodoxy. The works of Andrei Rublev and Theophanes the
Greek are noted for their splendor in depicting divine realities.
GREAT SCHISM OF THE ELEVENTH CENTURY Fr Kilian introduces us to
the theological and political reasons for the 1054 split between Eastern
and Western Christianity. The Church today seeks to actively promote the
cause of Christian unity.
MILITARY RESPONSE TO HERESY:
Fr. Connor explains that the Crusades were intended for the
defense of Western Europe as well as a means to secure safety and access
to revered Christian sites in the Holy Land. The diplomacy of St.
Francis of Assisi gains the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land, which
lasts to this day.
PAPACY RETURNS TO ROME: RISE OF SCHISM AND HERESY
Fr Kilian introduces us the history involved in the late 14th and early
15th centuries, including Pope Gregory XI returning the papacy from
Avignon to Rome in 1377 after a meeting with St. Catherine of Siena. The
Great Western Schism then took place from 1378-1417, as rival claimants
to the papacy plunged the Church into turmoil. In this period the Church
deals with the works of William of Ockham, John Wycliffe and Jan Hus.
In addition to giving a treatment on Albigensianism in early 13th century
France, Fr. Connor discusses the reasons the Church through Pope Gregory
IX established the Inquisition. The roles of Church and state are
discussed in the handling of heresy.
Fr. Connor introduces the major figures involved in the period
of the Reformation: Martin Luther, Pope Leo X, Frederick of Saxony,
Ulrich Zwinglii, John Calvin, Henry VIII, St. Thomas More, St. John
Fisher and Elizabeth I.
Fr. Connor continues his introduction to the major figures involved in
the period of the Reformation: Martin Luther, Franz Kolb, King Christian
II of Denmark, Gustavus Vasa, Olaf Petersson, King Francis I of France,
Cardinal Richelieu, Vittoria Colonna in Italy, Emperor Charles V, Edward
VI and Queen Mary Tudor.
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