In striving for holiness by overcoming sin, the faithful raise their
eyes to the Blessed Mother, who shines forth as the Church’s model of
Mary as the Church's model of faith, hope and charity was the subject
of the Holy Father's weekly catechesis at the General Audience of
Wednesday, 3 September. Taking his theme from the Second Vatican
Council's statement that "in the most Blessed Virgin the Church has
already reached perfection" (Lumen gentium, n. 65),
the Pope said that on their way to holiness the faithful are encouraged
by the example of their Mother who is the "model of virtues".
Here is a translation of his catechesis, which was the 61st in the
series on the Blessed Virgin and was given in Italian.
1. In the Letter to the Ephesians St Paul explains the spousal
relationship between Christ and the Church in the following words:
"Christ loved the Church and gave himself up for her, that he might
sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word,
that he might present the Church to himself in splendour, without spot
or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without
blemish" (Eph 5:25-27).
The Second Vatican Council takes up the Apostle's assertions and
recalls that "in the most Blessed Virgin the Church has already
reached perfection", while "the faithful still strive to
conquer sin and increase in holiness" (Lumen gentium, n.
In this way the difference between Mary and the faithful is
emphasized, although both belong to the holy Church which Christ made
"without spot or wrinkle". In fact, while the faithful receive
holiness through Baptism, Mary was preserved from all stain of original
sin and was redeemed antecedently by Christ. Furthermore, although the
faithful have been freed "from the law of sin" (cf. Rom 8:2),
they can still give in to temptation, and human frailty continues to
manifest itself in their lives. "We all make many mistakes",
says the Letter of James (3:2). For this reason the Council of Trent
teaches: "No one can avoid all sins, even venial sins, through out
his life" (DS 1573). By divine privilege, however, the Immaculate
Virgin is an exception to this rule, as the Council of Trent itself
Mary is the perfect expression of faith
2. Despite the sins of her members, the Church is first and foremost
the community of those who are called to holiness and strive each day to
In this arduous path to perfection they feel encouraged by her who is
the "model of virtues". The Council notes: "Devoutly
meditating on her and contemplating her in the light of the Word made
man, the Church reverently penetrates more deeply into the great mystery
of the Incarnation and becomes more and more like her Spouse" (Lumen
gentium, n. 65).
So the Church looks to Mary. She not only contemplates the wondrous
gift of her fullness of grace, but strives to imitate the perfection
which in her is the fruit of her full compliance with Christ's command:
"You, therefore, must be perfect as your heavenly Father is
perfect" (Mt 5:48). Mary is all-holy. For the community of
believers she represents the paradigm of the authentic holiness that is
achieved in union with Christ. The earthly life of the Mother of God is
characterized by perfect harmony with the person of her Son and by her
total dedication to the redeeming work he accomplished.
The Church turns her gaze to the maternal intimacy that grew in
silence during life in Nazareth and reached perfection at the moment of
sacrifice, and she strives to imitate it in her daily journey. In this
way, she is increasingly conformed to her Spouse. United like Mary with
the Redeemer's Cross, the Church, amid the difficulties, contradictions
and persecutions that renew in her life the mystery of her Lord's
Passion, constantly seeks to be fully configured to him.
3. The Church lives by faith, seeing in her "who believed that
there would be a fulfilment of what was spoken to her from the
Lord" (Lk 1:45), the first and perfect expression of her faith. On
this journey of trusting abandonment to the Lord, the Virgin goes before
the disciples, adhering to the divine Word with an increasing intensity
that embraces all the stages of her life and spreads to the very mission
of the Church.
Her example encourages the People of God to practise their faith and
to study and develop its content, by keeping in their heart and
meditating on the events of salvation.
Mary also becomes a model of hope for the Church. In listening to the
angel's message, the Virgin first directs her hope to the kingdom
without end, which Jesus had been sent to establish. She stands firm
near the cross of her Son, waiting for the divine promise to be
fulfilled. After Pentecost, the Mother of Jesus sustains the Church's
hope despite the threat of persecution. She is thus the Mother of hope
for the community of believers and for individual Christians, and she
encourages and guides Her children as they await the kingdom, supporting
them in their daily trials and throughout the events of history, however
Mary continues to support the Christian community
Lastly, the Church sees in Mary the model of her charity. By looking
at the situation of the first Christian community, we discover that the
unanimity of their hearts, which was shown as they awaited Pentecost, is
associated with the presence of the Holy Virgin (cf. Acts 1:14). And
precisely because of Mary's radiant charity, it is possible to maintain
harmony and fraternal love at all times within the Church.
4. The Council expressly underscores Mary's exemplary role for the
Church's apostolic mission, with the following observation: "The
Church, therefore, in her apostolic work too, rightly looks to her who
gave birth to Christ, who was thus conceived of the Holy Spirit and born
of the Virgin, in order that through the Church he could be born and
increase in the hearts of the faithful. In her life the Virgin has been
a model of that motherly love with which all who join in the Church's
apostolic mission for the regeneration of mankind should be
animated" (Lumen gentium, n. 65).
After having co-operated in the work of salvation by her motherhood,
her association with Christ's sacrifice and her motherly aid to the
newborn Church, Mary continues to support the Christian community and
all believers in their generous commitment to proclaiming the Gospel.