This is an index of all files in the EWTN "Theology" Document Library as of 10/31/2014 sorted by library and title



LIBRARY - FILENAME - TITLE
AUTHOR
DESCIPTION

1. THEOLOGY - FR91102.HTM - 'Darkness at Noon': The Eclipse of 'The Permanent Things'
Peter Kreeft

In this his first contribution to Faith & Reason, Peter Kreeft gives an insightful analysis and critique of modernity. The essay was given as an address at Christendom College's Summer Institute on Apologetics in July of 1990. This article was taken from the Spring 1991 issue of "Faith & Reason".

2. Theology - nostaethind.htm - Nostra Aetate and Hinduism
Felix A. Machado

This article provides an overview of Hinduism, the world's third largest religion, with guidelines on how dialogue with Hindus may best be conducted -- with respect, while avoiding a lowest-common-denominator approach. RELATIVISM IRENICISM

3. Theology - oremusjudaeis.htm - Oremus et pro Iudaeis of the Good Friday Liturgy
Archbishop Gianfranco Ravasi

Archbishop Ravasi clarifies the import of the revised prayer for the Jews in the Good Friday Liturgy of the Missal of Bl. John XXIII. The prayer, based on texts from the New Testament, reflects the Christian hope that all will recognize Christ, the one Savior. It is not a "missionary strategy for conversion." PROSELYTISM JEWS ISRAEL SALVATION

4. Theology - rtznewmn.htm - 1990 Presentation: The Theology of Cardinal Newman
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

In a presentation given in 1990 by then Cardinal Ratzingzer, now Pope Benedict XVI, he revealed his personal approach to the great English Cardinal, John Henry Newman, while underscoring the relevance of this great teacher for the Church of our time. PERSONALISM INDIVIDUALISM CONSCIENCE DOCTRINAL DEVELOPMENT AUGUSTINE CONVERSION

5. Theology - barragpain.htm - A Christian Understanding of Pain and Suffering
Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán

Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán, President of the Pontifical Council for Health Pastoral Care, gave a lecture in July 2005, in Aachen, Germany, on "Pain, an enigma or a mystery?". He based his lecture on the thought of John Paul II. This is a translation from Italian of excerpts of the Cardinal's lecture. SOLIDARITY EVIL

6. Theology - ZJUSTWAR.HTM - A Just War and the Fight Against Terrorism
ZENIT

This article recalls the principles of a Just War in light of new factors introduced by terrorism. MORAL ETHIC PACEM IN TERRIS GAUDIUM ET SPES CATECHISM JOHNSON FREEDOM LIBERATION

7. Theology - zreflkaspfam.htm - A Reflection on Cardinal Kasper's Speech on the Family
Robert Fastiggi

Robert Fastiggi, Ph.D. professor of systematic theology at the Sacred Heart Major Seminary in Detroit, MI, has shared the following response to Cardinal Walter Kasper’s 20 Feb. 2004 address to an extraordinary consistory of cardinals. The cardinal’s address focused on the family but his comments on divorced and remarried Catholics caused some controversy. Here Professor Fastiggi examines the speech and aspects which he finds problematic. MARRIAGE MATRIMONY INDISSOLUBILITY TRIBUNAL CANON LAW HOLY COMMUNION EUCHARIST EASTERN ORTHODOX

8. THEOLOGY - FRNOONAN.HTM - A Response to John T. Noonan, Jr. Concerning the Development of Catholic Moral Doctrine
Patrick M. O'Neil

Refutation of John T. Noonan's claim that there has been a fundamental shift in the Church's moral teaching, as evidenced by usury, marriage, slavery and religious freedom. Taken from the Spring/Summer issue of "Faith & Reason."

9. Theology - ZSOLOVIE.HTM - A Russian Who Challenged Orthodoxy to Reconcile With Rome
ZENIT

Vladimir Soloviev, recently hailed by John Paul II as "a pioneer and example of dialogue between Eastern and Western Christians," instead of focusing on differences between Roman Catholics and his fellow Russian Orthodox Christians, emphasized what they hold in common. In this interview, Father Ray Ryland, an adjunct professor of theology at Franciscan University of Steubenville and an expert on Soloviev, shared with ZENIT how the pioneering Russian tried to appeal to others who desired to establish the Kingdom of God on earth. PAPACY PETER POPE CONCILIARISM

10. THEOLOGY - GODASFIR.HTM - A Treatise on God as First Principle
John Duns Scotus

1.Type of Essential Orders 2.Interrelationship of Essentially Ordered Elements 3.The Triple Primacy of the First Principle 4.The simplicity, infinity and intellectuality of the First Being includes appendix from Lectures on the Sentences 1.Does an infinite being exist? 2.Is it self-evident that an infinite being exists?

11. Theology - tribcardulles.htm - A Tribute to Cardinal Avery Dulles
Kobert Imbetli

This tribute recalls the Christ-centered spirituality of the great 20th Century American theologian and his contribution to a deeper understanding of the mystery of the Church. ECCLESIOLOGY IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA JESUITS

12. Theology - vitalresourc.htm - A Vital Resource for the Church
Paul McPartlan

The International Theological Commission (ITC) has published a document entitled Sensus Fidei in the Life of the Church," which recalls that the "consensus of all believers constitutes a testimony to the apostolic faith." Paul McPartlan of the ITC summarizes the third and fourth chapters of this document. See The Instinct that Guides Christians PASTORS FAITHFUL LAITY THEOLOGIANS MAGISTERIUM BISHOPS SENSUS FIDEI FIDELIUM POPULAR OPINION RELIGIOSITY

13. Theology - ZWOMNDOC.HTM - A Woman's Perspective on New Vatican Document
ZENIT

The Magisterium calls for a renewed collaboration of men and women. Such a vision cannot be realized without understanding God's plan for man and woman outlined in the Pope's theology of the body, says Mary Shivanandan, a professor of theology at the John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family at Catholic University of America. In a two-part interview, Shivanandan shared with ZENIT how both men and women can only be truly liberated when they understand that they were created for communion with one another. FEMINISM MARRIAGE SEX GENDER COMMUNION NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING

14. THEOLOGY - ABBREV.HTM - Abbreviations
Fr. William Most

A short list of standard abbreviations for some theological sources, compiled by Fr. Most. Some of the abbreviations are standard, while some are useful only for Fr. Most's own files.

15. Theology - zpapthenatlaw.htm - Address on Natural Moral Law
Father Wojciech Giertych, O.P.

This is a speech delivered in English by the theologian for the Pontifical Household, Dominican Father Wojciech Giertych, at the conclusion of the international congress on natural law organized by the Pontifical Lateran University. The congress was entitled "The Moral Natural Law: Problems and Prospects," and took place 12-14 Feb. 2007. While new moral challenges must be addressed from clear metaphysical foundations, what is primarily needed is the proclamation of the new law of grace and redemption through Jesus Christ. VIRTUES AQUINAS GLOBALISM ETHICS REASON IDEOLOGY

16. Theology - newmperson.htm - All God's Providences Centre in Christ
Fr Robert P. Imbelli

Father Imbelli, Professor of Theology, Boston College Massachusetts, discerns Bl. John Henry Newman's personalist approach to the theology of revelation, and writes of its impact on Vatican II. CONSCIENCE PERSONATION INCARNATION CHURCH

17. THEOLOGY - FR92401.HTM - An Atheist in the Sacristy: Why Does Faith Seek Intelligence?
James V. Schall, S.J.

Taken from the Winter 1992 issue of "Faith & Reason".

18. Theology - subsistitin.htm - An Examination of Subsistit in: A Profound Theological Perspective
Fr. Karl Josef Becker, S.J.

Fr. Becker explains the expression subsistit in, as used in Vatican II's Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium), in which the Church of Christ is said to subsist in the Catholic Church. There has been a continuing debate over whether this weakened the Catholic Church's traditional position that she uniquely is the Church of Christ. Fr. Becker argues that it did not, based on records of the preceedings of the Council. ECUMENISM ECUMENICAL UNITATIS REDINTEGRATIO PAPACY UNICITY

19. Theology - rublevtrinity.htm - Andrei Rublev's Trinity Icon
Christopher Evan Longhurst

The doctrine of the Holy Trinity, in the Russian Orthodox tradition, is eminently expressed in Andrei Rublev's icon Trinity. Dr Longhurst analyses the icon in light of the Russian Church's resistance to artistic portrayals of God the Father in human form. ICONOCLASM COPTICS ETHIOPIANS SYNOD OF MOSCOW ANGELS PERICHORESIS CIRCUMINCESSION PERSONS ESSENCE

20. Theology - ANGCAT02.HTM - Anglican Communion-Catholic Church Relations
Rev. Donald Bolen

A report on the "International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission" (IARCCUM), which is a "Working Group" intended to complement the more theological role of the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC), in promoting unity between the two bodies. ECUMENICAL DIALOGUE MARY HUMAN LIFE

21. Theology - OBDOMIHS.HTM - Answers to Main Objections Against Dominus Iesus
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

In an interview published on 22 September 2000, the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung invited Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, to respond to the principal objections raised against the Declaration Dominus Iesus. The Cardinal's answers were printed in three successive issues of L'Osservatore Romano. ECUMEN ANGLICAN PROTESTANT ORTHODOX REFORMATION APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION EPISCOPATE CHURCH MAGISTERIUM NIHIL OBSTAT REVELATION CANON

22. Theology - CE_ASCET.HTM - Ascetical Theology
Catholic Encyclopedia

Article on Ascetical Theology from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). ASCETICISM MYSTICISM MYSTICAL SPIRITUAL PENANCE PURGATIVE MEDITATION

23. THEOLOGY - AUGUSTIN.HTM - Augustine on Grace and Predestination
Fr. William Most

St. Augustine's doctrine and grace, free will, predestination, and the fate of unbaptized infants summarized. Numerous quotes and other citations. REPROBATION

24. Theology - AUTHDISC.HTM - Authority and Discipline
Cardinal Pericle Felici

Taking occasion from the Feast of Christ the King (1968)Cardinal Felici addressed criticism of Pope Paul's Humanae Vitae, by summarizing the relationship and mutual responsibilities of superior and subject in the Church. PERSONS MAGISTERIUM PAPACY

25. THEOLOGY - FR90404.HTM - Authority as Nurse of Freedom and the Common Good
William A. Frank

In this age which continues to degrade and emasculate authority, Dr. Frank examines the intricate bonds which must exist between authority and the common good. This article was taken from the Winter 1990 issue of "Faith & Reason".

26. Theology - CHARIMP.HTM - Authority, Reason and Charismatic Impulse
Raimondo Spiazzi

In an article from January 1969, the writer gives a Thomistic analysis of the relationship between freedom (the "charismatic impulse") and authority, in both social and individual life, in terms of the virtue of prudence. DEMOCRACY PERSONALISM OBEDIENCE COUNSEL JUDGMENT DECISION

27. Theology - avdullesvir.htm - Avery Dulles: Vir Ecclesiasticus
Robert Imbelli

The following are excerpts of Fr Robert Imbelli's Foreword to the book "Church and Society", a collection of the Laurence J. McGinley Lectures given by Cardinal Avery Dulles, SJ, from 1988-2007. These excerpts show how firmly a "man of the Church" Cardinal Dulles was. Fr Imbelli is a Professor of Theology at Boston College. VATICAN II ECCLESIOLOGY LINDBECK

28. Theology - zlonergan.htm - Between Tradition and the Modern World
ZENIT

The following is an interview with Patrick H. Byrne, professor of Philosophy at Boston College on the life and works of famed theologian, Fr. Bernard Lonergan. VATICAN II CLASSICISM MODERN CULTURE KNOWLEDGE LANGUAGE INQUIRY NATURAL THEOLOGY SCIENTIFIC METHOD

29. Theology - RATZBIBL.HTM - Biblical Interpretation in Crisis: On the Question of the Foundations and Approaches of Exegesis Today
Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger

On 27 January 1988, at Saint Peter's Church, in New York, NY, Cardinal Ratzinger, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, delivered an historic address to an ecumenical group of biblical scholars on exegesis. While noting the value of the historical-critical method used predominantly today, as modern Popes and the Second Vatican Council have done, he also drew attention to its limitations, and to the sprouting of hypotheses with no seeming way to attain a synthesis and unity. Calling this state of affairs a crisis, he suggests some solutions to transcend the limitations of a purely historical and literary analysis. BIBLE SCRIPTURE EXEGESIS HERMENEUTIC CDF FAITH THEOLOGY BULTMANN HISTORICAL JESUS MYTH

30. Theology - ZBISHOPS.HTM - Bishops should never change diocese
ZENIT

Bernadin Cardinal Gantin, Dean of the College of Cardinals and Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation of Bishops, speaks in favor of the proposal that bishops who are appointed to dioceses should intend to remain there for life.

31. Theology - EPIKEIA.HTM - Can epikeia be used in the Pastoral Care of the Divorced and Remarried Faithful?
Fr Angel Rodriguez Luno

epikeia is the moral virtue of equity, with specific reference to cases where justice would not be served by strict adherence to the law. In his article, Fr Rodrigez applies this concept to the question enunciated in the title. ARISTOTLE AQUINAS CAJETAN SUAREZ CANON

32. Theology - REPRESS.HTM - Can We Speak of Repression in the Church?
Jean Danielou

In an article from L'Osservatore Romano, 20 March 1969, an esteemed Catholic writer rejects the notion then current, that the Church is essentially democratic, and the hierarchy an imposition never intended by Christ. LIBERATION FREEDOM SOCIETY POPE BISHOP APOSTLE SUCCESSION

33. Theology - OROBSERV.HTM - Canonical Observations on the New Regulations of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Fr Velasio De Paolis, C.S.

In 1998 the Congregation issued new norms for the examination of theological writings that are suspected of error. Fr. De Paolis, a consultor for the Congregation, discusses these new regulations. CDF DISSENT THEOLOGY

34. Theology - ZRTZKSP.HTM - Cardinal Dulles Weighs in on Ratzinger-Kasper Debate
ZENIT

The recently appointed American Cardinal, theologian Avery Dulles, sides with Cardinal Ratzinger on the priority of the universal Church over the diocesan Church, with the implication of strict adherence to Rome's directives on the diocesan level. ECCLESIOLOGY PAPACY BISHOP

35. Theology - dullestheol.htm - Cardinal Dulles' Christ-Centered Theology
Robert P. Imbelli, SJ

Father Imbelli, Professor of theology at Boston College, recalls Cardinal Dulles' five models of the Church, completed by a sixth, the Church as a "community of disciples," which restored Christ to the center of Dulles' theology. ECUMENISM INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE NEW EVANGELIZATION

36. Theology - zrtzevolution.htm - Cardinal Ratzinger's Thoughts on Evolution
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

The following text, delivered in 1999 as part of a lecture at the Sorbonne in Paris by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (the future Benedict XVI) and subsequently published in the 2004 book "Truth and Tolerance" (Ignatius), give some clue as to the Holy Father's thoughts on evolution. The length of the paragraphs was slightly adapted by ZENIT for easier reading. PHYSICS METAPHYSICS POSITIVISM SCIENCE REASON RATIONALITY IRRATIONALITY LOGOS

37. Theology - ZPREFTHE.HTM - Cardinal Ratzinger, as Prefect and Theologian
ZENIT

Mark Brumley, president of Ignatius Press, primary publisher of the English-language editions of Cardinal Ratzinger's works, shared with ZENIT how the German cardinal engaged in the sophisticated work of a theologian while he held a high ecclesiastical office, and why he may be one of the greatest theologians of our time. CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH CDF MAGISTERIUM

38. Theology - ZEDUMOR.HTM - Catholic Higher Education and the Future of Moral Theology
ZENIT

Monsignor Livio Melina, vice president and professor of moral theology at the John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family at the Lateran University in Rome, recently visited the John Paul II Institute in Washington, D.C., and the Center for Catholic Studies at the University of St. Thomas here. In a two-part interview, he told ZENIT about the strengths he sees in U.S. educational programs and how he hopes to maintain and bolster the tradition of Catholic higher education in Italy and Europe. CULTURE SPECIALIZATION REVELATION SEXUAL DIFFERENCE

39. Theology - theolethics.htm - Catholic Theological Ethics in the World Church
Thomas Hong-Soon Han

The article examines the ethical problems rampant in Asian societies, including violations of the right to life, corruption in business and government, lack of freedom of religion, subhuman working conditions, and trafficking in human lives. Yet the dissemination of Catholic social doctrine provides hope for the future. ABORTION EUTHANASIA SEXISM PERSECUTION SOLIDARITY

40. Theology - theolethics.htm - Catholic Theological Ethics in the World Church
Thomas Hong-Soon Han

The article examines the ethical problems rampant in Asian societies, including violations of the right to life, corruption in business and government, lack of freedom of religion, subhuman working conditions, and trafficking in human lives. Yet the dissemination of Catholic social doctrine provides hope for the future. ABORTION EUTHANASIA SEXISM PERSECUTION SOLIDARITY

41. Theology - cathpentrelat.htm - Catholic-Pentecostal Relations
Fr. Juan Usma Gomez

In his account of the current dialogue between Pentecostals and the Catholic Church, Father Gomez, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, examines the issue of healing. Catholic teaching, as well as Pentecostal, recognizes miraculous healings, though with a certain reserve on the Catholic side, as well as an emphasis on the role of the ordained ministry. SACRAMENTS HEALING ANOINTING OF THE SICK CHARISM HEALERS CHARISMATIC MOVEMENT

42. Theology - ZJUSTIF.HTM - Catholics and Lutherans Remove Mutual Condemnations
ZENIT

This ZENIT report explains some of the historical significance of the Joint Declaration on Justification concluded between the Catholic Church and the World Lutheran Federation. ECUMENISM EXCOMMUNICATION JUSTICE FAITH GRACE WORKS BAPTISM

43. THEOLOGY - CHRIST.HTM - Christ the Savior
Rev. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

A Commentary on the Third Part of St. Thomas' Theological Summa. Zipped file contains both an ascii version and a rich text format version.

44. THEOLOGY - CHRIST.ZIP - Christ the Savior
Rev. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

A Commentary on the Third Part of St. Thomas' Theological Summa. Zipped file contains both an ascii version and a rich text format version.

45. Theology - PANTOKRT.HTM - Christ: Pantocrator
Fr Anthony Zimmerman

Fr. Zimmerman draws our attention to the truth that Jesus Christ is not only our Redeemer, but the almighty Ruler of the cosmos, in virtue of His divine Personality, to whom "individuals, families, nations, the United Nations, Village Earth," all owe their existence, and therefore their obedience. CREATION KNOWLEDGE DESIGN GRACE CO-REDEMPTRIX COREDEMPTRIX

46. Theology - CE_CDOCT.HTM - Christian Doctrine
Catholic Encyclopedia

The article on Chrsitian Doctrine from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). CATECHESIS CATECHISM CATECHETICS TEACHING

47. THEOLOGY - EXTHEO.HTM - Christian Experience and Theology
Angelo Scola

This essay on the relationship between Christian experience and theology shows how the key element in that relationship is that man is the receiver, not the producer of truth. Taken from the Summer 1996 issue of "Communio."

48. Theology - HVTHOMAS.HTM - Christian Morality and Scientific Humanism
Cardinal Luigi Ciappi

Cardinal Ciappi's article from 1978 rebuts the charge that St. Thomas Aquinas' teaching on natural law, though cited by Pope Paul VI in Humanae Vitae, is in conflict with Pope Paul's Encyclical against contraception. MORAL PERSON MARRIAGE

49. Theology - ZPERSBIO.HTM - Christian Personalism's Place in Bioethics
ZENIT

In the face of the cultural tide that diminishes man and undermines respect for life, Christian personalism "reveals itself as an indispensable basic option," explains Bishop Elio Sgreccia, vice president of the Pontifical Academy for Life, and president of the newly formed International Federation of Centers and Institutes of Bioethics of Personalist Inspiration (FIBIP). ZENIT interviewed Bishop Sgreccia. FREEDOM DIGNITY EUTHANASIA UTILITARIANISM CONTRACTUALISM FAMILY EUROPE

50. THEOLOGY - SOULWEST.HTM - Christianity as the Soul of the West
Christopher Dawson

'It is the great paradox of Christianity that though Christianity is a principle of life to civilization even in secular matters, it is continually at issue with the world and always seems on the verge of being destroyed by it. Thus the Church is necessary to Europe, and yet any acceptance of the Church because it is necessary to society is destructive of its real essence. Nothing could be more fatal to the spirit of Christianity than a ret

51. THEOLOGY - SOULWEST.ZIP - Christianity as the Soul of the West
Christopher Dawson

'It is the great paradox of Christianity that though Christianity is a principle of life to civilization even in secular matters, it is continually at issue with the world and always seems on the verge of being destroyed by it. Thus the Church is necessary to Europe, and yet any acceptance of the Church because it is necessary to society is destructive of its real essence. Nothing could be more fatal to the spirit of Christianity than a ret

52. Theology - ZMYSTERY.HTM - Church as Mystery or People of God
ZENIT

The Pontifical Salesian University has just published a book entitled "Dilexit Ecclesiam," which is Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger's contribution to the debate on the Church. Cardinal Ratzinger is Prefect of the Vatican Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The Cardinal wrote: "Sadly, the Council's view [of the Church] has not been kept in mind by a good part of post-Conciliar theology, and has been replaced by an idea of the 'people of God' that, in not a few cases, is almost banal, reducing it to an a-theological and purely sociological view." ECCLESIA ECCLESIOLOGY LUMEN GENTIUM

53. THEOLOGY - GRACE.ZIP - Collection on Grace
Fr. William Most

Zip file contains 15 files by Father William Most on grace, predestination and related topics. MOST GRACE PREDESTINATION CHURCH SALVATION

54. Theology - zangels.com - Combating Satan's Snares
ZENIT

In honor of the Feast of the Holy Guardina Angels, October 2, Pietro Barbini of ZENIT summarizes the Church's teaching on Angels, beginning with their appearance in Scripture. GABRIEL MICHAEL RAPHAEL ARCHANGELS

55. Theology - OBEDIENC.HTM - Comment on Obedience
Jean Guitton

The author sees a reflection of Pope Paul VI's teaching on obedience in a letter by Maurice Blondel, written in 1902 to a priest on the relation of freedom of conscience to the authority of the Church. DISSENT MAGISTERIUM

56. THEOLOGY - 527AUG1.HTM - Commentary on St. Augustine
Fr. William Most

Part one of Fr. Most's commentary on the works of St. Augustine begins with 'Confessions'. This file is part of Fr. Most's course, Philosophy 527: The Philosophy of St. Augustine. Download 527aug.zip for all of the course files. MOST AUGUSTINE CONFESSIONS PHILOSOPHY

57. THEOLOGY - 527AUG2.HTM - Commentary on St. Augustine
Fr. William Most

Part two of Fr. Most's commentary on the the works of St. Augustine continues with 'City of God'. This file is part of Fr. Most's course, Philosophy 527: The Philosophy of St. Augustine. Download 527aug.zip for all of the course files. MOST AUGUSTINE CITY OF GOD PREDESTINATION MASSA DAMNATA AQUINAS PHILOSOPHY

58. Theology - COMNTNOT.HTM - Commentary on the Congregation's 'Notification'
LOR

This commentary clarifies the intent of the Notification by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, regarding ambiguities in the Jacques Dupuis book, Toward a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism. It was to communicate the fact that central truths of the Faith cannot be treated as "debatable opinions or disputed questions." DOMINUS IESUS ECUMEN

59. Theology - COMCAPOL.HTM - Commentary: Catholics in Political Life
Prof. Vincenzo Buonomo

In his commentary on the Doctrinal Note (published 2002 by CDF), Prof. Buonomo, Professor of Law and International Organization at the Pontifical Lateran University, emphasizes the Catholic's responsibility to uphold fundamental rights, in the face of "an ethical relativism introduced by a lobby of minority fringes operating in social and political contexts to legislatively promote" an agenda affecting future generations. PERSON DEMOCRACY NATURAL LAW COMMON GOOD POLITICIANS

60. Theology - MYSTFEM.HTM - Commentary: The Mystery of the Feminine
Réal Tremblay, C.SS.R.

Taking as his point of departure the Letter to Bishops on the Collaboration of Men and Women, from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Father Tremblay examines woman's bond with man in light of Mary's relationship to the Church, and of Mary and the Church together to Christ. PIETÀ DE LUBAC

61. THEOLOGY - HEGEL.HTM - Comments on Hegel
Fr. Robert Levis

This file is Fr. Levis' response to a question about the philosopher Hegel. Taken from a discussion on CRNET. HEGEL LEVIS PROCESS

62. Theology - COMOBED.HTM - Common Obedience
Giuseppe Cristaldi

The writer expounds on the words of Pope Paul VI, to priests and preachers at the beginning of Lent 1969, on the unique relationship between authority and obedience in the Mystery of the Church. PRIEST

63. Theology - CONSCOUN.HTM - Conscience and the Council
Cardinal Pericle Felici

Here the Cardinal examined points of doctrine bearing on questions raised in the wake of Pope Paul's "Humanae Vitae," in particular, the moral doctrine that one must always follows one's conscience, even when conscience errs. SYNDERESIS MAGISTERIUM ST JOHN OF THE CROSS

64. Theology - schonevoind.htm - Creation and Evolution
Christoph Cardinal Schönborn

This is an index page to a series of catechetical lectures on creation and evolution delivered by Cardinal Christoph Schönborn in Vienna between October 2005 and June 2006. The lectures were meant to clear up confusions in the debate between evolutionists and supporters of Intelligent Design. DARWIN DARWINISM MATERIALISM DEISM INTELLIGENT DESIGN BIG BANG MULTIPLICITY CHANCE EVOLUTIONISM SCIENCE GENETICS POETRY PROVIDENCE CREATIO CONTINUA CONTINGENCE BEAUTY

65. Theology - schonevo1.htm - Creation and Evolution: To the Debate as It Stands
Cardinal Schönborn

Here is an unofficial translation (by Dr. John Crosby) of a lecture Cardinal Christoph Schönborn delivered, October 2005, in Vienna on creation and evolution. "For me the question that has emerged from this debate is not primarily one of faith vs. knowledge but rather one of reason. .... Reason tells me that plan and order, meaning and goal exist, that a timepiece does not come into being by accident, even less so the living organism that is a plant, an animal, or, above all, man." See Creation and Evolution index page. DARWIN DARWINISM DEISM MATERIALISM

66. Theology - LAWMETA.HTM - Crises of Law
Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger

In his address (11/10/99) at the occasion of receiving the Doctor Honoris Causa degree from the Law School of the LUMSA University in Rome, Cardinal Ratzinger focuses on the crisis in law caused by "the end of metaphysics" which has led to that "juridical positivism" that "today has predominantly assumed the form of the theory of consensus." TORAH NATURAL LAW LUTHER ABORTION EUTHANASIA SOHM

67. Theology - CRISCON.HTM - Crisis of Confidence and Essential Values
Jean Danielou

An article from March 1969 concerning the danger to society of the current generation's rejection of authority, particularly the authority of the Church. Authority means competence, and competence calls for confidence. The Church's competence is in the revelation communicated to her by Christ. FAITH POPE

68. Theology - DAYLORD.HTM - Day of the Lord
Manlio Sodi, S.D.B.

Dean of the Faculty of Theology, at the Pontifical Salesian University, looks at two paragraphs in Pope John Paul II's Novo Millennio Ineunte, on the Sunday Eucharist, in light of the Holy Father's Apostolic Letter, Dies Domini. LITURGY LECTIO DIVINA INCULTURATION SPIRITUALITY MYSTICAL

69. Theology - DEATH.HTM - Death: Shade or Light
Jean Guitton

Thoughts on death, from an article written in 1969, by a French philosopher called by Pope John Paul II "one of the greatest thinkers of our century."

70. Theology - DMYTHSUB.HTM - Demythologization of the Subject
Cardinal Pericle Felici

In this article, Cardinal Felici analyzes the concept of a subordinate, relative to his superior. Where a superior holds legitimate power, and acts within the limits of that power, his subject is morally bound to obey him. See companion article "Demythologizing the Superior" OBEDIENCE PRIDE FREEDOM

71. Theology - DMYTHSUP.HTM - Demythologizing the Superior
Cardinal Pericle Felici

The Cardinal's critical look at the then current movement to reduce religious superiors to the level of their subordinates, democratizing the Church. This presupposed a superior's authority derives from the people he governs, whereas the Church teaches that it derives from God. See the follow-up article. "Demythologization of the Subject" APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION BINDING AND LOOSING OBEDIENCE

72. Theology - CATREF00.HTM - Dialogue With Reformed Churches
Mons. John A. Radano

Fr. Radano, of the Pontifical Council Promoting Christian Unity, summarizes the current relations in 2000 between the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) and the Catholic Church. "In the context of the modern ecumenical movement there were good fraternal contacts," but also "significant tensions...over theological issues still unresolved after hundreds of years." PROTESTANT REFORMATION ECUMEN INDULGENCE CHURCH

73. Theology - ANGCAT01.HTM - Dialogue With the Anglican Communion
Mons. Timothy Galligan

In May 2000, a consultation of senior Catholic and Anglican Bishops from various parts of the world, in Ontario, Canada, inspired the participants with hope for further progress toward eventual visible union. LITURG ORDERS WOMEN

74. Theology - zvonhlove.htm - Dietrich von Hildebrand's Philosophy of Love
Edward Pentin

This article summarizes a conference held in Rome, 27-29 May 2010, on Dietrich Von Hildebrand (1889-1977), an anti-Nazi activist who fled the regime and settled in the United States in 1940. Von Hildebrand wrote a number of philosophical works which are said to have helped many to embrace the Catholic faith. PERSONALISM ORTHODOXY FORGIVENESS JEALOUSY SPAEMANN

75. Theology - hildewest.htm - Dietrich von Hildebrand, Catholic Philosopher, and Christopher West, Modern Enthusiast
Alice von Hildebrand

Alice von Hildebrand contrasts the enthusiastic approach of Christopher West to John Paul II's Theology of the Body with the approach of Dietrich von Hildebrand to the subject of marital intimacy. Her conclusion is that her husband's was more sound and consistent with the Catholic ascetical tradition. PURITY SEX MARRIAGE IMAGE OF GOD PORNOGRAPHY CHASTITY SHAME ORIGINAL SIN PLEASURE PURITANISM ASCETICISM CONTRACEPTION ANALOGY VIRGIN BIRTH LOVE RELATIVISM DUALISM SOUL OCCASION OF SIN PRESUMPTION REVOLUTION

76. Theology - zhildheart.htm - Dietrich von Hildebrand: Giving the Heart Its Due
ZENIT

When searching for a way to dialogue with modernists, Catholic philosophers would be wise to study and utilize the thought of phenomenologist Dietrich von Hildebrand, says John Henry Crosby, the founder and president of the Dietrich von Hildebrand Legacy project. ZENIT sat down with Crosby to discuss the continuing and even growing contribution of von Hildebrand’s thought within the Church and secular culture. PHENOMENOLOGY NAZIS HITLER TRADITIONALISTS PERSONALISM EMOTIONS

77. THEOLOGY - DOCTORS.HTM - Doctors of the Church
Fr. John Hardon

A list of the Holy Doctors. A Doctor of the Church is a title given by the popes to acknowledge certain saints whose outstanding writing and preaching has been of great value to the Church, even if their writings are not free from all error. Four western Fathers of the Church were originally identified as great Doctors of Church teaching: St. Gregory the Great (+604), St. Ambrose (+397), St. Augustine (+430) and St. Jerome (+420). To this list have since been added saintly men and women of many eras of Church history.

78. THEOLOGY - NATEXIST.HTM - Does a Human Nature Exist?
Cardinal Jean Danielou

Cardinal Danielou's intention, in this article taken from "L'Osservatore Romano", is "to show the existence of an irreducible human reality, whatever be the name with which it is designated". And to show briefly " that the denial of human nature, in the name of culture, society or becoming, leads to such 'impasses' that the concept of human nature appears today as the most evident one there can be."

79. Theology - CE_DOGMA.HTM - Dogmatic Theology
Catholic Encyclopedia

An article on Dogmatic Theology from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). DOGMA DOCTRINE THEORY SPECULATIVE SCHOLASTIC SCHOLASTICISM GOD CREATION REDEMPTION GRACE SOTERIOLOGY MARIOLOGY SACRAMENTOLOGY ESCHATOLOGY

80. Theology - DALYDMIS.HTM - Dominus Iesus and Ecumenical Dialogue
Cardinal Cahal B. Daly

Cardinal Daly responds to critics of Dominus Iesus, the curial declaration affirming traditional Church teaching on the one Savior and the one Catholic Church. MEDIA PLURALISM INDIFFERENT TRIUMPHAL ECUMEN RATZINGER CONGAR UNICITY PROTESTANT

81. Theology - DUBDIS.HTM - Dubious Disputes
Jean Danielou, S.J.

In an article from January 1969, Cardinal Danielou examined the politicization of education, with its negative impact on faith, knowledge, and human relations. UNIVERSITY SOCIALISM VALUES TEACHING AUTHORITY

82. Theology - ECCLVAT2.HTM - Ecclesial Reception of Vatican II
Angelo Arnato, S.D.B.

In Novo millennio ineunte, Pope John Paul II asked the Church to examine herself for the effects of Vatican II, with particular reference to the four pillars of the Council, Dei Verbum (Scripture), Sacrosanctum concilium (Liturgy), Lumen gentium (Church as communion), and Gaudium et spes (Church in the world). This essay is an exercise in the Church's self discernment. JUBILEE REVELATION PEOPLE COMMUNIO SUBSIST DIALOGUE ECUMEN

83. Theology - EDITHST.HTM - Edith Stein: St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
Fr Raimondo Spiazzi, O.P.

Fr Spiazzi provides a short summary of Edith Stein's intellectual development, before examining her contribution toward a synthesis between the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, her teacher, and the realist ontology of St. Thomas Aquinas. PHILOSOPHY METAPHYSICS JOHN OF THE CROSS HEIDEGGER NAZIS JEWS FIDES ET RATIO BEING

84. Theology - refleucongyof.htm - Eucharist, Communion and Formation
Father Billy Swan

In these reflections from the International Eucharistic Congress for the Year of Faith, Fr Swan, a priest of the Diocese of Ferns, Ireland, analyzes our communion with Christ and with one another through the action of the Holy Spirit. FORMED CONFORMED TRANSFORMED CONTEMPLATION UNITY CHURCH BODY TRINITY

85. Theology - EUCOMSOL.HTM - Eucharist, Communion and Solidarity
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

On 2 June 2002, in the Auditorium of the Archdiocesan Seminary of Benevento, Italy, Cardinal Ratzinger gave the closing lecture of an Archdiocesan Eucharistic Congress, on the relationships between the Eucharist, the Church, and the world. SACRAMENT AGAPE ORTHODOXY ORTHOPRAXIS LITURGY KOINONIA MARX LIBERATION THEOLOGY GLOBALIZATION TRANSUBSTANTIATION

86. Theology - Euchtheol.htm - Eucharistic Theology in the Reformation and the Council of Trent
Manuel Ureña Pastor

The Bishop of Cartagena, Spain, in his reflection on the Year of the Eucharist (2005), recalls the divergences from Catholic eucharistic doctrine that occurred in the Reformation theologies of Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin. He then recounts Trent's response to these divergences, which "definitively established the essential content of the truth of this Sacrament." TRANSUBSTANTIATION CONSUBSTANTIATION COMMUNION IN BOTH KINDS UNDER BOTH SPECIES SACRIFICE REAL PRESENCE TRANSIGNIFICATION TRANSFINALIZATION

87. Theology - EVANDFTH.HTM - Evangelization and Faith
Gino Concetti

Evangelization is the work of the whole Church. Bishops, aided by priests, have the primary responsibility, but the laity have their part to play also, especially the Christian family. GOSPEL KERYGMA COMMUNION

88. THEOLOGY - CONFSDCD.ZIP - Excerpts from St. Augustine
Fr. William Most

Excerpts from St. Augustine's Confessions and City of God. This file is part of Fr. Most's course, Philosophy 527: The Philosophy of St. Augustine. Download 527aug.zip for all of the course files. MOST AUGUSTINE CONFESSIONS CITY OF GOD PHILOSOPHY

89. THEOLOGY - CONFSDCD.HTM - Excerpts from St. Augustine
Fr. William Most

Excerpts from St. Augustine's Confessions and City of God. This file is part of Fr. Most's course, Philosophy 527: The Philosophy of St. Augustine. Download 527aug.zip for all of the course files. MOST AUGUSTINE CONFESSIONS CITY OF GOD PHILOSOPHY

90. THEOLOGY - FR90303.HTM - Existence and Revelation in the Theology of Paul Tillich
George A. Kendall

In this article, George Kendall offers an insightful critique of the thought of Paul Tillich. He reveals how Tillich's erroneous ontological view ends up distorting the Christian vision of revelation. This article appeared in the Fall 1990 issue of "Faith & Reason."

91. Theology - CATWCC04.HTM - Faith and Order and the Multilateral Dialogue on the Church
Mons. John A. Radano

Mons. Radano, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, reports on a Plenary meeting of the Commission on Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches (WCC), which took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 28 July to 6 August 2004. Although the Catholic Church is not a member of the WCC, Catholic theologians have, since 1968, participated in the Commission on Faith and Order as full voting members. ECUMENISM ECUMENICAL ECCLESIOLOGY KOINONIA BAPTISM

92. THEOLOGY - FR92103.HTM - Faith and Reason in Roger Boscovich's Philosophy of Science
Frederick A. Homann, S.J.

Roger Boscovich was a powerful thinker and a truly renaissance man; the product of an outstanding 18th century Jesuit education. Fr. Homann's fine essay brings to light the life and achievement of this great man's scientific thought. This article was taken from the Spring 1992 issue of "Faith & Reason".

93. Theology - ZNATHEOL.HTM - Faith and the God of the Philosophers
ZENIT

Philosophy has always had an integral part in the life of the Church, as outlined by John Paul II in his encyclical Fides et Ratio. In Spring of 2003, Ralph McInerny, professor of philosophy at the University of Notre Dame, shared his thoughts with ZENIT on the branch of philosophy that searches for God, called natural theology. FAITH REASON EPISTOMOLOGY THOMISM NATURAL LAW MORALITY

94. Theology - FAITHAUT.HTM - Faith, Authority, Charisms in the Church
Most Rev. Aldo Gobbi

The Auxiliary Bishop of Imola reflects on the conflict between modern and traditional views in the Church. It can be resolved only by obedience to hierarchical authority, which alone can discern what is good in the new and the old. SENSUS FIDELIUM PAPACY COLLEGIALITY

95. Theology - zneubene.htm - Father R.J. Neuhaus' Outlook on Benedict XVI
ZENIT

Benedict XVI has modest expectations for ecumenism and expects the path to unity to involve an unforeseen initiative of the Holy Spirit, says Father Richard John Neuhaus. The editor in chief of First Things shared with ZENIT his views about the new Pope and what could be expected in his pontificate. RATZINGER LUTHER PRO-LIFE TRUTH ORTHODOX JOHN PAUL II

96. Theology - FELLCATH.HTM - Fellowship of Catholic Scholars
Rev. Donald Wuerl

This 1978 article by Fr Wuerl (now Bishop of Pittsburgh) recalls the confusion sowed by wayward theologians after Vatican II, and presents the formation of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars in 1977 as a move to restore Catholic scholarship to conformity with the Magisterium of the Church. FIDELITY WITNESS LAITY

97. Theology - CATHLAIT.HTM - Final Message of Catholic Laity
World Congress of Catholic Laity

At the end of the World Congress of the Catholic Laity, held in Rome from 25 to 30 November 2000, the participants issued a Final Message, summed up in the words, "We discover ourselves to be called actively to participate in the Church's evangelizing mission. For us laity, our mission is in the world." MILLENIUM MARTYR GLOBALIZATION ECUMEN

98. Theology - festaustin.htm - For the Feast of St. Augustine: August 28
Vittorino Grossi

For the Feast of St. Augustine, 2006, Father Grossi showed the close connection, in the great Latin Doctor, between the Body of Christ, the Eucharist, and the Body of Christ, the Church. UNITY COMMUNION

99. THEOLOGY - JAKI.HTM - Fr. Stanley L. Jaki on Science as a Pathway to God
John J. Mulloy

The primary theme of Fr. Jaki's book 'The Road of Science and the Ways to God', is this principle: that a rational belief in the existence of a Creator, and of an ordered universe which He has created and governs, played a crucial role in the rise of science in Western culture and in all of its great creative advances. This article was taken from 'The Dawson Newsletter,' Spring 1995. MULLOY JAKI SCIENCE GOD GIFFORD LECTURES

100. Theology - FELICHV2.HTM - From the Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et Spes to the Encyclical Humanae Vitae
Cardinal Pericle Felici

Taking up his argument from an earlier article (LOR 26 Sep 68), the Cardinal fully documents his thesis that Pope Paul VI's Humanae Vitae was entirely consistent with the pastoral Constitution Gaudium et Spes of Vatican II, and not a departure, as some theologians argued. He shows the concepts operating in the discussions which preceded, and resulted in, Gaudium et Spes, and which generally reflect the same moral perspective as Humanae Vitae, most notably in regard to contraception. MARRIAGE PARENTHOOD PROCREATION MAGISTERIUM

101. THEOLOGY - FUNMOR.HTM - Fundamental Moral CONSCIENCE Attitudes
Dietrich von Hildebrand

1950 In this book von Hildebrand points out that 'moral values are the highest among all natural values. Positive moral values are the focus of the world; negative moral values, the greatest evil, worse than suffering, sickness or death. REVERENCE FAITHFULNESS AWARENESS OF RESPONSIBILITY VERACITY GOODNESS

102. Theology - ZVOCATIO.HTM - Germain Grisez on Personal Vocations
ZENIT

An interview with Germain Grisez, professor of Christian ethics at Mount St. Mary's College and Seminary, Emmitsburg, Maryland, in which the theologian calls attention to three levels of vocation: 1) of all the baptized to a Christian life, 2) to a certain state in life, and 3) to the particular plan God has for each of our lives. It's the last that needs to be emphasized in catechesis. RELIGIOUS PRIESTHOOD LAITY DISCERNMENT MARRIAGE SINGLE CLERICALISM CONSECRATED LIFE

103. Theology - ARCICGF1.HTM - Gift of Authority
ARCIC

This document of the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Theological Commission (ARCIC) represents the fruit of ecumenical dialogue on the subject of authority in the Church. It remains to be studied by the ecclesial authorities of the Anglican Communion and the Apostolic See. Released at the same time are a statement of the Co-Chairmen of ARCIC, the document itself Gift of Authority, and a commentary on it by Fr. William Henn, OFM Capuchin. ECUMENISM EPISCOPAL POPE PAPAL PRIMACY TRADITION

104. THEOLOGY - GNOSIS.HTM - Gnosis, A Faith Without Reality
Massimo Borghesi

Idealism, or modern gnosis, is the speculative basis of "the philosophy of the non-event", the philosophy of the resurrection without the bodily risen Jesus Christ. An article from "30Days" Issue #5, 1996, on the tendency among many in the Church to idealize the Resurrection--that is to make of it a product of Faith rather than primarily an historical fact.

105. THEOLOGY - JM2404.HTM - God and Science
Jacques Maritain

This article, transcribed from a carbon copy of a typewritten manuscript, deals with the relation of modern science to man's knowledge of God.

106. THEOLOGY - GODTRANS.HTM - God Transcends All
Cardinal John Joseph Wright

A homily delivered during Mass for the Feast of St. Thomas Aquinas, on the 8th March, 1971, in the "Angelicum" by His Eminence Cardinal John Joseph Wright.

107. Theology - SIPGIFTS.HTM - God's Greatest Gifts: The Commandments and the Sacraments
St. Thomas Aquinas

This excerpt from God's Greatest Gifts, a collection of the thought of St. Thomas Aquinas on the commandments and the sacraments, concerns the First Commandment, how it is kept and how it is violated. GOD IDOLATRY SINAI MOSES

108. Theology - gracegarrlagr.htm - Grace: Commentary on the Summa Theologica of St. Thomas
Rev. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

An index page is provided for a book-length study of the doctrine of grace, as expounded by a renowned Dominican theologian and philosopher. Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange taught at the Angelicum in Rome for 50 years and was a champion of classical Thomism. HABITUAL SANCTIFYING GRACE SUFFIENT EFFICACIOUS ACTUAL PREVENIENT PREDESTINATION ELECTION PREDILECTION REPROBATION MERIT PELAGIANISM SEMI-PELAGIANISM

109. Theology - schonevo3.htm - He Created Each Thing According to Its Kind
Christoph Cardinal Schönborn

Here is a translation of Cardinal Christoph Schönborn's third catechetical lecture, 4 December 2005, on creation and evolution. The Genesis account teaches basic theological truths about the origination of all things, each "day" of the account focussing on a particular truth. DARWIN MATERIALISM DESIGN MULTIPLICITY CHANCE EVOLUTIONISM ORDER

110. Theology - schonevo4.htm - He Upholds the Universe by His word and Power
Christoph Cardinal Schönborn

In his fourth catechetical lecture on creation and evolution, Cardinal Schönborn rejects the notion of God as filling gaps in what comes about naturally and examines the concept of His continuing creation. "We do not think of His acting as an occasional intervention coming from the outside, but rather as the transcendent creative activity of God who alone makes it possible for our world to hold together and to rise, in accordance with His plan, step by step higher, so that really new things appear in it and finally man appears in it." POETRY SCIENCE DARWINISM EVOLUTIONISM PROVIDENCE CREATIO CONTINUA CONTINGENCY BEAUTY

111. Theology - ROSMINI.HTM - Historical Overview of the Rosmini Case
Mons. Richared Malone

The article sheds light on Fr Rosmini's philosophical ideas and shows the historical context within which they were considered dangerous. PIUS IX ONTOLOGISM PANTHEISM

112. Theology - CE_HISTD.HTM - History of Dogmatic Theology
Catholic Encyclopedia

An article on the History of Dogmatic Theology from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). DOGMA FATHERS PATRISTIC SCHOLASTICISM SCHOLASTICS THOMAS

113. Theology - ZHOMOSEX.HTM - Holy See States Its Position on Homosexuality
ZENIT

A ZENIT news item of 13 July 1999 on the Notification of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith regarding Sister Jeannine Gramick, SSND, and Father Robert Nugent, SDS. HOMOSEXUAL ORIENTATION NUWAYS

114. Theology - modesty.htm - Homily, Feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St. Francis
Fr. Dominic Mary, MFVA

Fr. Dominic, recalling the great Basilica of St. Francis, reminds us that a church is God's house, where worshippers should dress and behave with modesty. He defines modesty from the Catechism, and quotes from a guideline in dress issued by the Cardinal Vicar of Rome under Pope Pius XI. TEMPERANCE SEXUALITY COVETOUSNESS PURITY

115. Theology - HORZNTL.HTM - Horizontalism
Jean Danielou

"What is known as 'Horizontalism' reduces Christianity to the dimension of the love of neighbor." In his article, the author gives an incisive analysis of how Christianity, if redefined as philanthropy, loses its reason for being. Only by keeping its vertical dimension does it have anything to offer modern man. CHARITY LIBERALISM SOCIAL GOSPEL

116. Theology - HORIZNTL.HTM - Horizontalism
Igino Giordano

The author shows how the horizontal dimension of religion, with its social conscience and concern for good works, cannot be separated from the vertical dimension of faith and worship. The two together, as represented in the two beams of the Cross, are integral to the religion of Christ, the Man-God. LABOUR INJUSTICE CHURCH STATE

117. THEOLOGY - THINKSEC.HTM - How to Think About Secularism
Wolfhart Pannenberg

A leading Christian professor offers important insights into the rise of secularism and how to respond to it. Article taken from the June-July 1996 issue of "First Things."

118. THEOLOGY - COMPGODS.HTM - In Companionship with the Gods
Roland Hill

Formed during an era of spiritual liberation. Josef Pieper offers today's readers the prospect of liberation through a true appreciation for the role of leisure. This article appeared in the January 1994 issue of 'The Catholic World Report,' P.O. Box 6718, Syracuse, NY 13217-7912, 800-825-0061. ROLAND PIEPER LEISURE CULTURE PHILOSOPHY

119. Theology - BAPTCHIL.HTM - In Connection With the Baptism of Children
Achille Triacca

From 1978, an article showing the meaning, in the life of the Church, of her ancient custom of baptizing children, even before they are capable of their own acts of faith. SACRAMENTALITY REVELATION VATICAN II LITURGY ECCLESIOLOGY WORSHIP

120. Theology - schonevo2.htm - In the Beginning God Created ...
Cardinal Christoph Schönborn

Here is an unofficial translation (by Dr. John Crosby) of a lecture Cardinal Christoph Schönborn delivered, 13 November 2005, in Vienna on God and creation. It was the second in a series of catechetical lectures on the Church's position vis-à-vis Creationism vs. Darwinism. See Creation and Evolution index page for the Cardinal's other lectures on the topic. INTELLIGENT DESIGN BIG BANG CREATOR

121. Theology - ETERTIME.HTM - Incarnation: Eternity in Time
Fr Georges Cottier, O.P.

Because of the Incarnation, when the eternal One became temporal, our days and hours have a meaning and intensity that they would not otherwise have. NOVO MILLENNIO INEUNTE PARDON ECUMEN

122. Theology - ZPOSSESS.HTM - Increase in Cases of Demonic Possession
ZENIT

In this ZENIT report an Italian exorcist comments on the increased number of possessions which are being seen. DEVIL SATAN EVIL OBSESSION EXORCISM

123. THEOLOGY - SPIRINDX.HTM - Index for 'The Spirit of Catholicism'
Karl Adam

SAINTS SALVATION SAINT LOVE SOUL CELIBACY

124. Theology - ZINDULG.HTM - Indulgences Are Not Invention of Medieval Age

In presenting the new edition of Enchiridion Indulgentiarum (guidelines on indulgences) Cardinal William Wakefield Baum, responded to charges that the doctrine of indulgences is a medieval innovation. It is rather based on three traditional tenets of theology: 1) the temporal penalty owed for sins, 2)the communal dimension of sin and satisfaction, and 3) the treasury of merits of Christ and the Saints. JUBILEE PURGATORY REFORMED CHURCHES

125. Theology - CONTRCPT.HTM - Is Contraception Gravely Sinful Matter?
Fr Lino Ciccone, C.M.

This question is still raised by some theologians. In response, a professor of moral theology from Lugano, Switzerland, examines the values affected by contraception. His conclusion is that "the conjugal act involves values of enormous moral importance, some of which are even fundamental, and that contraception compromises them so seriously as to destroy them." HUMANAE VITAE BIRTH CONTROL MARRIAGE LIFE

126. Theology - ITEPSCON.HTM - Italian Episcopal Conference Profess Solidarity With Vicar of Christ
Council of Presidency of CEI

The Italian Episcopal Conference publicly express their "full communion of faith and solidarity" with Pope Paul VI as the Vicar of Christ, and assent to his Encyclical, Humanae Vitae. They further provide moral and practical directives to clergy and laity for the implementation of the Encyclical. MAGISTERIUM MATRIMONY NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING

127. Theology - SIPJAWS.HTM - Jaws of Death: Gate of Heaven
Dietrich von Hildebrand

This excerpt from a book by Dietrich von Hildebrand on death discusses the natural evidence for immortality. IMMORTAL SOUL HEAVEN

128. Theology - ZJEHOVAH.HTM - Jesuit Denounces Jehovah Witnesses
ZENIT

In an article to be published in the forthcoming issue of the Jesuit magazine, "Civiltà Cattolica," Fr. Giuseppe De Rosa contends that Jehovah's Witnesses are not Christians because they have falsified Sacred Scripture. TRINITY INCARNATION

129. Theology - DIALJEWS.HTM - Jewish-Catholic Conference in London
Rabbi Dr Sidney Brichto

On 23 May 2000 a historic ground-breaking three-day conference on the Theology of Partnership, attended by Catholic and Jewish scholars, opened at a public meeting at a West London Synagogue. The motive for the conference is expressed in the words of Cardinal Cassidy, "Unless I know how you differ from me, I cannot really understand you." ECUMEN ELECTION

130. Theology - ZSALJEWS.HTM - Jews' Role in Christ's First and Second Coming
ZENIT

A Catholic convert from Judaism believes that the Jews are not only our "elder brothers" in the faith, but that, as they prepared the way for the first coming of Jesus Christ, so they are helping to prepare for His second coming. JUDAISM MESSIAH ANTI-SEMITISM HOLOCAUST CONVERSION ESCHATOLOGY

131. Theology - zrtzeccls - Joseph Ratzinger's Primer on Ecclesiology
ZENIT

When Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger released his book "Called to Communion: Understanding the Church Today," he called it a primer of Catholic ecclesiology. In it, the future Benedict XVI outlined the origin and essence of the Church, the role of the papacy and the primacy of Peter, and the Body of Christ's unity and "communio." Father Matthew Lamb, director of the graduate school of theology and professor of theology at Ave Maria University, shared with ZENIT an overview of some of those themes as they appear in Cardinal Ratzinger's book. EUCHARIST VATICAN II COLLEGIALITY BISHOPS PRIESTS

132. Theology - ZCULTS.HTM - Keys to Understanding Growth of Esoteric Cults
ZENIT

ZENIT article on an address in Mexico by Cardinal Dario Castrillon Hoyos, on the growth of esoteric cults and occult sciences being experienced by Western culture. DEVIL SATAN WICCA NEW AGE

133. THEOLOGY - DEPSOULS.HTM - Knowledge of the Departed Human Soul
Alexis Henry Cardinal Lepicier

Chapter II of Part II of 'The Unseen World: An Exposition of Catholic Theology In Reference To Modern Spiritism'. Published by Benziger Brothers 1929 by His Eminence Alexis Henry M. Cardinal Lepicier, O.S.M. Cardinal Lepicier answers some interesting questions about the state of departed souls according to the light of natural reason. LEPICIER SOUL DEAD DEPARTED SPIRITISM

134. THEOLOGY - LAWLIB.HTM - Law & Liberty in 'Veritatis Splendor'
Russell Hittinger

'One of the most curious and disturbing trends of our culture is the belief that the chief purpose of law is to annul the law itself. When authority is used to divest the community of its obligations under law, or when authority is used to recognize rights as so many immunities against the law then we tend to say that law is good, which is to say that it is accomplishing humane ends. Our ecclesial culture does not remain unaffected by this

135. Theology - PLURALSM.HTM - Legitimacy and Limits of Theological Pluralism
Battista Mondin

In response to the unfettered theological pluralism that appeared after Vatican II, this article from 1978 shows the legitimacy of adapting theology to different cultures so long as it remains open to the full content of revelation. DEMOCRACY MARXISM THOMISM ANSELM BARTH TILLICH MOLTMANN CHARDIN RAHNER BULTMANN BONHOEFFER MAGISTERIUM HERMENEUTIC PHILOSOPHY METAPHYSICS

136. Theology - DOMIESIN.HTM - Libary Documents Relating to Dominus Iesus
EWTN

An index page of articles relating to the Declaration issued by the Congregation for Doctrine of the Faith, 6 August 2000, on Jesus Christ as the only Savior, and the Catholic Church as the way of salvation. INDIFFERENT ECUMEN NESTORIAN ORTHODOX PATRIARCH SCRIPTURE REVELATION KINGDOM MAGISTERIUM APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION UNICITY PROTESTANT ANGLICAN SALV

137. THEOLOGY - FR94402.HTM - Liberalism and Theology
Fr. Stanley L. Jaki

Fr. Jaki maintains that liberalism must carry the chief responsiblity for the strain which has heavily sapped the strength of the Church since Vatican II. This article was taken from the Winter 1994 issue of 'Faith & Reason'.

138. THEOLOGY - LIBSIN.HTM - Liberalism Is A Sin
Dr. Don Felix Sarday Salvany

'The theater, literature, public and private morals are all saturated with obscenity and impurity. The result is inevitable; a corrupt generation necessarily begets a revolutionary generation. Liberalism is the program of naturalism. Free-thought begets free morals, or immorality. Restraint is thrown off and a free rein given to the passions. Whoever thinks what he pleases will do what he pleases. Liberalism in the intellectual order is license i

139. THEOLOGY - LIBSIN.ZIP - Liberalism Is A Sin
Dr. Don Felix Sarday Salvany

'The theater, literature, public and private morals are all saturated with obscenity and impurity. The result is inevitable; a corrupt generation necessarily begets a revolutionary generation. Liberalism is the program of naturalism. Free-thought begets free morals, or immorality. Restraint is thrown off and a free rein given to the passions. Whoever thinks what he pleases will do what he pleases. Liberalism in the intellectual order is license i

140. THEOLOGY - LITCOM.HTM - Liturgy and Contemplation
Jacques & Raissa Maritain

Published in 1960 by P.J. Kenedy & Sons. 'The general theme of this study is that there is an intimate relationship between liturgy and contemplation, and that it would be as absurd to wish to sacrifice contemplation to liturgy as to wish to sacrifice liturgy to contemplation.' INTERIOR LIFE PERFECTION GIFTS OF HOLY SPIRIT SAINTS COMMUNITY LOVE SILENCE LIBERTY SOLITUDE

141. THEOLOGY - MT20THCN.HTM - Magisterial Teaching on Experience in the Twentieth Century: From the Modernist Crisis to the Second Vatican Council
Allesandro Maggiolini

This article shows the development of the idea of "experience" in theology, under the guidance of the Magisterium, from the Modernist crisis to Vatican II. Taken from the Summer 1996 issue of "Communio."

142. THEOLOGY - MALEFEM.HTM - Male and Female -- Does It Matter?
Rev. Timothy Finigan MA STL

A summary of the key points in the theological discussion of "male and female" which has evolved in FAITH Magazine in the 1990's. Taken from the July 1996 issue of FAITH Magazine.

143. Theology - ZMANNERS.HTM - Manners in the Moral Life
ZENIT

What we do, how we do it and how we appear to others, often make an ethical difference, says a scholar in the field of ethics. Nancy Sherman is a philosophy professor at Georgetown University and the inaugural holder of the visiting Distinguished Chair of Ethics at the U.S. Naval Academy She shared with ZENIT how an "aesthetic of character" affects us, and how acting with good manners helps us grow in the life of virtue. COMPORTMENT DECORUM POLITENESS HYPOCRISY ROLE PLAYING ATTITUDE

144. Theology - maxconfpers.htm - Maximus the Confessor and the Metaphysics of the Person
Father Brian Daley, SJ

In historical context of the breach (7th cent.) between Chalcedonians and anti-Chalcedonians, Fr Daley, patristic scholar and winner of the Ratzinger Prize, examines the Christology of St Maximus the Confessor, with a focus on Maximus' support for the two wills of Christ. BALTHASAR CREATOR CREATURE SYNTHESIS

145. THEOLOGY - FR89101.HTM - Meditation on Newman's Grammar of Assent
Stanley L. Jaki

Newman's Grammar of Assent deserves to be a subject not only of study but also of meditation. It is a work with a central topic, the unqualified and irrevocable assent to be given to authoritative propositions regarding faith and morals, that has for its clue Newman's resolve to respond in full to a Most Holy God's call to man. This article was taken from the Spring 1989 issue of "Faith & Reason".

146. Theology - METCAT01.HTM - Methodist-Catholic Relations in 2001
Rev. Donald Bolen

Three significant events in Methodist-Catholic relations from 2001 give an indication of progress: the publication of a new joint report, the Catholic participation at last summer's World Methodist Conference, and a recent multi-lateral consultation on the doctrine of justification. TEACHING AUTHORITY TRADITION SCRIPTURE ECUMENICAL DOMINUS IESUS

147. Theology - ZINTEREL.HTM - Misunderstandings About Interreligious Dialogue
ZENIT

The idea of dialogue with other religions needs some clarifications, says theologian Ilaria Morali, a specialist in the theology of grace, and a lecture in dogmatic theology at the Gregorian University. In this interview with ZENIT, Morali discusses what the Second Vatican Council stated about dialogue with other religions, and makes distinctions between doctrinal documents and pastoral texts. ECUMENICAL LUMEN GENTIUM ECCLESIOLOGY INDIFFERENTISM RELATIVISM

148. Theology - MORCONSC.HTM - Moral Conscience
Charles Boyer

The writer addresses the argument that, since Humanae Vitae is not an ex cathedra pronouncement, one may disagree on the basis of conscience. While one is always obliged to follow conscience, conscience is a function of reason, which can err if not guided by laws which are certain. And a judgment of the Supreme Pontiff, in the exercise of his ordinary magisterium, is a law which is certain. ETHICS VIRTUES ROUSSEAU

149. THEOLOGY - MORALVS.HTM - Moral Theologians and 'Veritatis Splendor'
William E. May

This article is about John Paul II's accurate discounting of 'proportionalist' theologians and their philosophically and theologically flawed arguments. This article appeared in the December 1994 issue of 'The Homiletic & Pastoral Review.' MAY JOHN PAUL II PROPROTIONALISM VERITATIS SPLENDOR THEOLOGIANS

150. Theology - CE_MORAL.HTM - Moral Theology
Catholic Encyclopedia

An article on Moral Theology from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). MORALS MORALITY ETHICS VIRTUE THOMAS SUMMA SIN VICE COMMANDMENTS LAW

151. THEOLOGY - MORSIT.HTM - Morality and Situation Ethics
Dietrich & Alice von Hildebrand

Published by Franciscan Herald Press, Chicago, Illinois 60609, 1966. The authors aim in this book is 'to combine two different tasks. One is to do justice to the elements in circumstance ethics that are valuable contributions, following the principle, gold from the dunghill. The other is to refute in detail the disastrous errors that circumstance ethics and sin mysticism embody, errors that have been condemned by the Holy Father.' PHA

152. THEOLOGY - MORSIT.ZIP - Morality and Situation Ethics
Dietrich & Alice von Hildebrand

Published by Franciscan Herald Press, Chicago, Illinois 60609, 1966. The authors aim in this book is 'to combine two different tasks. One is to do justice to the elements in circumstance ethics that are valuable contributions, following the principle, gold from the dunghill. The other is to refute in detail the disastrous errors that circumstance ethics and sin mysticism embody, errors that have been condemned by the Holy Father.' PHA

153. THEOLOGY - COOPRTN.HTM - Morality of Cooperation in Evil
Seido Foundation

Explains when cooperation in the sin of another can be justified, using (and explaining) the traditional and useful scholastic terminology and giving several key examples. COOPERATION SCANDAL DOUBLE EFFECT ABORTION VOTING LAW JUDGES DIVORCE CONTRACEPTION

154. Theology - zfromrelig.htm - Moving Away From Religion Toward Christianity
ZENIT

Benedict XVI is moving the Church away from religion, in the modern sense of the term, and toward a deeper understanding of Christianity, says an Augustinian scholar. In this interview with ZENIT, John Peter Kenney, professor of Religious Studies at St. Michael's College, in Vermont, discusses the role of St. Augustine in the thought and work of Benedict XVI. MYSTICISM ORDO AMORIS PATRISTICS AQUINAS RELATIVISM

155. Theology - CE_MYST.HTM - Mystical Theology
Catholic Encyclopedia

An article on Mystical Theology from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). MYSTICISM MYSTICS PRAYER MEDITATION CONTEMPLATION UNION PURGATIVE ILLUMINATIVE UNITIVE

156. Theology - NONCHRST.HTM - Nature, Presuppositions and Limits of the Dialogue with Non-Christians
Cardinal Paolo Marella

For the opening of the academic year, 1968-1969, at the Pontifical Urbanian University, His Eminence Cardinal Paolo Marella, President of the Secretariat for non-Christians, gave an inaugural lecture, in which he showed the dual emphasis of Vatican II on dialogue with other religions and the Church's mission to all peoples. However dialogue must avoid the dangers of syncretism. ECUMENISM EVANGELIZATION

157. THEOLOGY - NEOPLATO.HTM - Neoplatonism
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most discusses Neoplatonism and its effect on St. Augustine. MOST NEOPLATONISM AUGUSTINE SOUL

158. THEOLOGY - NEWANS.ZIP - New Answers to Old Questions
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most's landmark work on grace is the definitive study on this topic. Originally published in Latin as 'De Gratia et Prae- destinatione,' this work was widely praised by major orthodox theologians in Europe and America just before the collapse of the Catholic intellectual establishment in the 1960's caused it to fade from view. The English translation was published under the title 'New Answers to Old Questions'. Made available here as a stellar c

159. Theology - MOSTSOLV.HTM - New Answers to Old Questions
Fr. William Most

Scripture scholar Fr. William Most proposes solutions to three historical theological problems concerning predestination, actual grace and extraordinary grace.

160. Theology - newmprov.htm - Newman on Divine Providence
Sr Kathleen Dietz

A Sister of the Spiritual Family, The Work, reflects on Bl John Henry Newman's teaching on Divine Providence. God's direction of the created order, including human affairs, is for the benefit of each individual, to which we must respond by obedience. CONSCIENCE NATURAL RELIGION REVELATION INCARNATION CALLS GENERAL PARTICULAR PROVIDENCE INDUCTION DEDUCTION

161. Theology - NEWMNLAY.HTM - Newman on the Laity
Rev. Michael Sharkey

An article from September 1987 recalls the occasion of J.H. Newman's controversial essay, "On Consulting the Laity in Matters of Doctrine," before outlining the content of Newman's essay, and briefly indicating his inititatives on behalf of the laity. ENGLAND BISHOPS TEACHING EDUCATION UNIVERSITY APOSTOLIC TRADITION ECCLESIA DOCENS DOCTA CONSENSUS FIDELIUM ARIANS ANGLICAN

162. Theology - znotionlimbo.htm - Notion of Limbo Isn't Closed, Expert Says
ZENIT

The theory of limbo is not ruled out, says a member of the International Theological Commission, Sister Sara Butler, a Missionary Servant of the Most Blessed Trinity. On 20 April 2007, the commission released a document called "The Hope of Salvation for Infants Who Die Without Being Baptized." Though this hope is given a theological rationale, limbo remains a permissable theological opinion. ORIGINAL SIN UNIVERSAL SALVIFIC WILL ABORTION

163. Theology - zcathpolphil.htm - On Catholic Political Philosophy
ZENIT

In his new book, "Roman Catholic Political Philosophy" (Lexington Books), Father James Schall claims that philosophy, and political philosophy in particular, can only arrive at the truth if it allows itself to be open to the truths of Revelation as offered by theology. Father Schall, professor in the department of government at Georgetown University, shared with ZENIT why Catholicism offers a distinct and necessary approach to the endeavors of the political philosopher. POLITICS MODERNITY ARISTOTLE

164. Theology - FELICIHV.HTM - On Humanae Vitae
Cardinal Pericle Felici

The Cardinal takes to task those who criticized Humanae Vitae for going against the teachings of Vatican II. He refers back to the conciliar document, Gaudium et spes, in which alone the regulation of birth is dealt with, and shows how it provided the background against which Pope Paul's Encyclical was formulated. CONTRACEPTION MAGISTERIUM CONCILIARISM

165. THEOLOGY - DAWSICP.HTM - On Spiritual Intuition In Christian Philosophy
Christopher Dawson

This article by Christopher Dawson was taken from the Winter 1994 issue of 'The Dawson Newsletter' P.O. Box 332, Fayetteville, AR 72702, John J. Mulloy, Editor. DAWSON PHILOSOPHY INTUITION

166. THEOLOGY - FR90301.HTM - On Talking Positive But Being Negative
F.F. Centore

In this fine essay, Professor Centore exposes the hypocrisy behind so much of contemporary liberal jargon by revealing its subtle denial of objective value. This article appeared in the Fall 1990 issue of "Faith & Reason."

167. THEOLOGY - ORTHODOX.HTM - Orthodoxy
G.K. Chesterton

'It is the purpose of the writer to attempt an explanation, not of whether the Christian Faith can be believed, but of how he personally has come to believe it. The book is therefore arranged upon the positive principle of a riddle and its answer. It deals first with all the writer's own solitary and sincere speculations and then with all the startling style in which they were all suddenly satisfied by the Christian Theology.' G.K.C. CHESTERTON ORTHODOXY FAITH CHRISTIA

168. THEOLOGY - ORTHODOX.ZIP - Orthodoxy
G.K. Chesterton

'It is the purpose of the writer to attempt an explanation, not of whether the Christian Faith can be believed, but of how he personally has come to believe it. The book is therefore arranged upon the positive principle of a riddle and its answer. It deals first with all the writer's own solitary and sincere speculations and then with all the startling style in which they were all suddenly satisfied by the Christian Theology.' G.K.C. CHESTERTON ORTHODOXY FAITH CHRISTIA

169. Theology - OURFAITH.HTM - Our Faith
Archbishop John Charles McQuaid

Here are excerpts from a Pastoral Letter by His Grace, the Archbishop of Dublin, written in 1968, designated a "Year of Faith" by Pope Paul VI. The Archbishop chastened those who became distracted by external changes, from the true spiritual renewal called for by Vatican II, and he warned against toying with fundaments of the Faith. REFORM DEITY PERPETUAL VIRGINITY ORIGINAL SIN EUCHARIST AUTHORITY

170. Theology - CE_PASTR.HTM - Pastoral Theology
Catholic Encyclopedia

An article on Pastoral Theology from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913). CARE MINISTRY MINISTER

171. Theology - PEACDIAL.HTM - Peace in the World, Dialogue Among Christians and With Other Religions
Cardinal Walter Kasper, PCCU

In preparation for the Day of Prayer for Peace in the World, scheduled for Assisi 24 January 2002, Cardinal Kasper, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, recalls important themes from the Holy Father's Message for the World Day of Peace, 1 January 2002. He also clarifies the difference between ecumenical and interreligious dialogues. FORGIVENESS JUSTICE DIGNITY PERSON SYNCRETISM

172. THEOLOGY - PHIL631.HTM - Phil 631: Intro. to Christian Philosophy
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most's introduction to philosophy course, taught at the Notre Dame Catechetical Institute. Fr. Most reviews the early history of philosophy from the Pre-Socratics through Socrates and Plato, Aristotle, the Epicureans, Cynics, Stoics, and Sceptics, and early Christian use of philosophy culminating with St. Augustine. PLOTINUS

173. THEOLOGY - PHIL631.ZIP - Phil 631: Intro. to Christian Philosophy
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most's introduction to philosophy course, taught at the Notre Dame Catechetical Institute. Fr. Most reviews the early history of philosophy from the Pre-Socratics through Socrates and Plato, Aristotle, the Epicureans, Cynics, Stoics, and Sceptics, and early Christian use of philosophy culminating with St. Augustine. PLOTINUS

174. THEOLOGY - 527AUG.ZIP - Philosophy of St. Augustine
Fr. William Most

This zipped file contains Fr. Most's course, Philosophy 527: The Philosophy of St. Augustine.' See the following 4 files to download individually. MOST AUGUSTINE PHILOSOPHY CONFESSIONS CITY OF GOD

175. Theology - UNITSV04.HTM - Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity: 2004 Survey Results
Bishop Brian Farrell

In November 2004 an international meeting, organized by the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, took place near Rome to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Decree on Ecumenism, Unitatis Redintegratio. In preparation for this meeting, a questionaire was sent to Bishops' Conferences and Synods of Eastern Catholic Churches, to determine the present ecumenical situation on the local level. Bishop Farrell, Secretary of PCPCU, gives the results. ECUMENISM

176. Theology - IRENAEUS.HTM - Pope John Paul on the Contemporary Importance of St Irenaeus
Mons. Philippe Delhaye

An article from February 1987 draws together key themes and statements from Pope John Paul's addresses on the Church Father, St. Irenaeus, to reflect on the Saint's fidelity to Tradition in his critique of Christian gnosticism. DUALISM APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION MAGISTERIUM POPES BISHOPS PERSONALISM MARXISM LIBERATION THEOLOGY SEMINA VERBI JANSENISM RECAPITULATION CHRISTOLOGY

177. Theology - PRSSCNHV.HTM - PRESS CONFERENCE ON ENCYCLICAL

On July 29th Pope Paul's Encyclical on the Regulation of Birth was presented to the Press by Mons. Ferdinando Lambruschini, Professor of Moral Theology at the Lateran University. After dealing with the main points in the document, he raised the question of its doctrinal standing. It is not a dogmatic definition, to which infallibility normally pertains. Yet it is a pronouncement of the authentic Magisterium, which requires full and loyal assent. CONTRACEPTION SEXUALITY

178. Theology - PRIMGRAC.HTM - Primacy of Grace
Cardinal Camillo Ruini

From Novo Millennio ineunte, Cardinal Ruini draws inspiration to focus on the practical aspects of the doctrine of grace. AUGUSTINE CULTUR PERSON PRAYER CONVERSION

179. Theology - ORPROBLM.HTM - Problem of Dissent in light of the 'Commentary' on the Concluding Formula of the Profession of Faith'
Fr. Adriano Garuti, OFM

Fr. Garuti's analysis appeared in 'L'Osservatore Romano' following the publication of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith's 'Commentary.' It discussed the theological implications of the three categories of belief spoken of in the 'Commentary', the 'Professio fidei' and John Paul II's 'Ad tuendam fidem'. OATH DOCTRINE DOGMA MAGISTERIUM PROFESSION DISSENT DISBELIEF HERESY APOSTASY ERROR

180. THEOLOGY - CAUSEFRS.HTM - Problems of the First Cause
Fr. William Most

MOST FIRST CAUSE ARISTOTLE POTENCY ACT EXISTENCE

181. THEOLOGY - PROVID.HTM - Providence
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

The primary object of contemplation is, in fact, God Himself and His infinite perfections, especially His goodness, His wisdom, and His providence. Our activity and our progress toward eternity must be directed from the higher plane of this contemplation. From this point of view Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange treats in this book: (1) of the existence of God and of His providence; (2) of those perfections of God which His providence presupposes; (3) of providence itself according to the Old and New Testaments; (4) of a trusting self-abandonment to God's providence; (5) of providence in its relation to justice and mercy.

182. THEOLOGY - PROVID.ZIP - Providence
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

The primary object of contemplation is, in fact, God Himself and His infinite perfections, especially His goodness, His wisdom, and His providence. Our activity and our progress toward eternity must be directed from the higher plane of this contemplation. From this point of view Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange treats in this book: (1) of the existence of God and of His providence; (2) of those perfections of God which His providence presupposes; (3) of providence itself according to the Old and New Testaments; (4) of a trusting self-abandonment to God's providence; (5) of providence in its relation to justice and mercy.

183. Theology - PURGATRY.HTM - Purgatory: Workshop for Heaven
Fr Anthony Zimmerman

Fr Zimmerman explains the doctrine of purgatory from Scripture, the Fathers, Fr Garrigou-Lagrange, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church. PENANCE INDULGENCE CONTRACEPTION

184. Theology - MORMBAP1.HTM - Question of Validity of Baptism Conferred in Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
Fr Luis Ladaria, S.J.

A theological explanation is given for the negative Response (5 June 2001) of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to the Dubium regarding the validity of Mormon baptisms. TRINITY INTENTION ORIGINAL SIN

185. Theology - zdekoninck.htm - Ralph McInerny on a Forgotten Thomist
ZENIT

Today Thomism is experiencing a revival, which can be attributed to the work of Thomists such as Ralph McInerny, who helped to keep the flame of Thomism burning during the tumultuous intellectual milieu that followed Vatican II. He seeks to introduce a new generation to his own teacher — a man who helped lay the groundwork for the recent Thomistic revival: Charles De Koninck. McInerny is interviewed by Annamarie Adkins of ZENIT. LAVAL PHILOSOPHY DE MONTFORT MARITAIN

186. Theology - zratzfound.htm - Ratzinger Foundation on Key Aspects of Pope's Theology
Siegfried Wiedenhofer

Here is a translation of the introduction Siegfried Wiedenhofer, one of Benedict XVI's former assistants, gave 12 Nov. 2008 at the launch in Munich of the Joseph Ratzinger/Benedict XVI Foundation. The foundation is the project of a group of Joseph Ratzinger's former doctoral and postdoctoral students, known as the Schülerkreis (Circle of Students). His address was titled "Key Aspects of the Theology of Professor Joseph Ratzinger." FAITH REASON CULTURE RELATIVISM PERSONALISM PLATONISM TRUTH CHRIST CHURCH

187. THEOLOGY - REALITY.HTM - Reality: A Synthesis of Thomistic Thought
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

"Truth concerning God is the sun which illumines our minds and wills on the road that rises to eternal life, to the unmediated vision of the divine reality."

188. THEOLOGY - REALITY.ZIP - Reality: A Synthesis of Thomistic Thought
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.

"Truth concerning God is the sun which illumines our minds and wills on the road that rises to eternal life, to the unmediated vision of the divine reality."

189. Theology - diffdisp - Recognizing Differences, Overcoming Disparities
Prof. Alba Dini Martino

Professor Martino, of the Pontifical Gregorian University, comments on the Letter to Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Collaboration of Men and Women in the Church and in the World, published in May 2004, by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. His focus is primarily on the need to recognize the differences between man and woman in order to overcome the disparity between them with regard to rights and involvement in society. CULTURE FEMINISM GENDER FAMILY

190. Theology - zreconpeace.htm - Reconciliation and Peace
Cardinal Renato Martino

Here is the text of an address given by Cardinal Renato Martino, the president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, at a meeting of Church representatives from Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda and Congo on 18 July 2005. The text was recently released by the Catholic Information Service for Africa. AD INTRA AD EXTRA POLITICS CULTURE OF LIFE ABORTION VIOLENCE GLOBALIZATION

191. Theology - ORINDULG.HTM - Reflection on the Bull Incarnationis Mysterium
Tullio Citrini

The author's reflection on the spiritual pedagogy, or teaching, on indulgences contained in the Papal Bull for the Great Jubilee appeared in L'Osservatore Romano. PENANCE FORGIVENESS TEMPORAL GUILT PUNISHMENT PURGATORY

192. Theology - amatodialog.htm - Reflection on the Dialogue of Charity and the Dialogue of Truth
Archbishop Angelo Amato, S.D.B.

Archbishop Amato, Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, explains the difference between a dialogue of charity, "to build a reconciled and peaceful human civilization," and a dialogue of truth, "to discern the truth in individual religious beliefs." The dialogue of truth goes against the common assumption that truth is evanescent, and opinions are equal. INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE TERTULLIAN PORPHYRY AMBROSE ARNOBIUS PSEUDO-DIONYSIUS AREOPAGITE

193. Theology - NOVMLIND.HTM - Reflections on Novo Millennio ineunte
EWTN

An index page listing articles on Pope John Paul II's Apostolic Letter, issued Epiphany 2001, at the end of the Great Jubilee. EVANGEL CULTUR PERSON PRAYER CONVERSION BIBLE MARY EUCHARIST ECUMEN LITURGY MYSTIC LECTIO DIVINA HOURS

194. THEOLOGY - FR93101.HTM - Reflections on Humanae Vitae's 25th Anniversary
Msgr. Lorenzo Albacete

This paper was delivered in an address to the student body, faculty and administration of Christendom College in Front Royal, VA on April 20, 1993. Taken from the Spring 1993 issue of "Faith & Reason".

195. Theology - HVASPCTS.HTM - Reflections on Some Aspects of Encyclical Humanae Vitae
Bertrand de Margerie, S.J.

From 1978, Fr de Margerie draws attention to Pope Paul VI's teaching on the sublimity of the marital act, in which we cooperate with God not only in the transmission of natural life, but in His creation of a human soul, with its goal of eternal life. SEXUAL VIOLENCE CONTRACEPTION ATHEISM FERTILITY CONTINENCE

196. Theology - FIDES.HTM - Reflections on the Holy Father's Encyclical Fides et ratio
Various

These articles reflecting on Pope John Paul's Encyclical on Faith and Reason appeared in L'Osservatore Romano. The indexed articles are:
1 - Crisis of meaning proves the Encyclical's timeliness, Fr. Georges Cottier, O.P.
2 - Philosophy is one of the noblest of human tasks, Enrico Berti.
3 - Reason finds in Revelation the possibility of being truly itself, Bishop Rino Fisichella.
4 - Israel's Wisdom, Fr Maurice Gilbert, S.J.
5 - The discourse at the Areopagus and the universality of truth, Fr Albert Vanhoye, S.J.
6 - Rational justification of the act of faith, Bishop Andre-Mutien Leonard.
7 - From many human truths to one divine truth, Bishop Peter Henrid, S.J.
8 - The encounter of faith and reason in the Fathers of the Church, Fr Enrico dal Covolo, S.D.B.
9 - The richness of scholasticism, Fr Paul Gilbert, S.J.
10 - The drama of the separation of faith and reason, Fr Giovanni B. Saia, S.J.
11 - Magisterium's interventions in Philosophical matters, Bishop Walter Kasper.
12 - Dogmatic theology needs philosophy, Fr. John M. McDermott, S.J.
13 - The place of philosophy in moral theology, Fr Servais Pinckaers, O.P.
14 - The relationship between philosophy and cultures, David Braine.
15 - The human person as seeker of truth, Francesco Viola.
16 - For a metaphysics open to faith, Mons. Marcelo Sanchez Sorondo.
17 - The Encyclical in Relation to Modern and Contemporary Thought, Vittorio Possenti.
Remarks on chapter five of Fides et Ratio: Magisterial authority as discernment, Fr. Gianfranco Girotti, O.F.M. Conv., Undersecretary, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith THEOLOGY PHILOSOPHY RELATIVISM SUBJECTIVISM AQUINAS

197. Theology - CATREF01.HTM - Reformed-Catholic Relations in 2001
Mons. John A. Radano

A report on the continuing dialogue between the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and the World Alliance of Reformed Churches, in which indulgences are a hot topic for discussion. ECCLESIOLOGY PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGATIONALIST UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST LUTHERAN METHODIST JOINT DECLARATION JUSTIFICATION ECUMENICAL

198. Theology - domgaudete.htm - Rejoice in the Lord
Father Dominic Mary Garner, MFVA

In his homily of 16 December 2007, Third Sunday in Advent, at the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament, Hanceville, Alabama, Father Dominic, MFVA, spoke on the meaning of Gaudete Sunday. Despite the evil in the world, we rejoice in hope of the Savior's coming. GOLDEN COMPASS PULLMAN MARY

199. Theology - zrelatopp.htm - Relating to the Opposite Sex
ZENIT

Mary Healy says she has the key to helping men and women in their relationships with each other. She is the author of "Men and Women Are From Eden" (Servant Publications), a study guide to Pope John Paul II's theology of the body. In this interview with ZENIT, she discusses getting to the root of the problems between the sexes, and from there, finding the most effective solutions. MARRIAGE GENESIS COMPLEMENTARITY

200. Theology - CHANEAST.HTM - Relations Between the Catholic Church and Ancient Churches of the East
Fr Johan Bonny

Fr. Bonny, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, reports on a meeting (26-31 January 2004) of the International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Ancient Churches of the East, in Cairo, Egypt. The dialogue is proceeding on the three levels of faith (on which progress has already been made), the sacraments, and ecclesiology. ECUMENISM ECUMENICAL ORTHODOX CHRISTOLOGY CHALCEDON MALANKARA COMMUNION

201. THEOLOGY - MURRAY.HTM - Religious Freedom, Truth, and American Liberalism: Another Look at John Courtney Murray
David L. Schindler

Liberalism invites us to dialogue within the open and pluralistic market of religions, all the while that it has already, hiddenly, filled the terms of that dialogue with a liberal theory of religion. SCHINDLER MURRAY FREEDOM TRUTH LIBERALISM

202. Theology - INDFFRNC.HTM - Religious Indifference
Battista Mondin

From 1978, an examination of the widespread phenomenon of indifference to God and religion in general: how did it originate and how may it be cured? FREEDOM VALUES ENLIGHTENMENT ATHEISM AGNOSTICISM MYSTERY WONDER SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY CONSUMERISM SECULARIZATION HOLINESS

203. Theology - cathbapt05 - Report on Catholic-Baptist Relations
Mons. John A. Radano

Mons. Radano, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, gives an update on talks between the Baptist World Alliance and the Catholic Church. While discussions between representatives of the PCPCU and the BWA have not reached a formal level, slow progress has been made. There is some convergence in thought on the nature of Baptism, as more than an individual profession of faith, but also a liturgical act, which incorporates into the body of Christ. ECUMENISM ECUMENICAL MARY KOINONIA ECCLESIOLOGY

204. Theology - CATEAS04.HTM - Report on Catholic-Eastern Churches Relations
Mons. Johan Bonny

Fr Bonny, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, describes developments, in 2004, in the Catholic Church's dialogue with the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Malankara Churches, and the Assyrian Church of the East. ECUMENISM COPTIC ETHIOPIA ERITREA CHRISTOLOGY INDIA

205. Theology - CATLUT05.HTM - Report on Catholic-Lutheran Relations - 2005
Fr Matthias Türk

Fr Türk, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, describes some of the problems facing ecumenical dialogue with the Lutherans. The blithe expectations of the '70s and '80s, that reunion would soon be accomplished, have not been realized. In fact, in this time of increased emphasis on pluralism, there seems less motivation on the part of Lutheran bodies. On the other hand, the PCCU and the Lutheran World Federation continue their search for consensus on a "concept of Church and ecclesial ministry." ECCLESIOLOGY INTERCOMMUNION ORDINATION EUCHARIST ECUMENISM DIALOGUE

206. Theology - cathmeth04 - Report on Catholic-Methodist Relations in 2004
Fr Donald Bolen

Fr. Bolan, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, reports on developing relations between the World Methodist Council (WMC) and the Catholic Church. "Differences between Methodists and Catholics lie principally in the area of ecclesiology," and it is the joint commission's hope that "its current work on the nature and mission of the Church will lay the foundations to address the sacramentality of the Church and of ordination, episcopal ministry in apostolic succession and the Petrine ministry." ECUMENISM ECUMENICAL JOINT JUSTIFICATION LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION

207. Theology - CATORT04.HTM - Report on Catholic-Orthodox Relations
Mons. Eleuterio Fortino

Mons. Fortino, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, relates the progress that was made in Catholic-Orthodox relations through the year 2004. Of particular note was the Holy Father's return of relics of Sts. Gregory Nazianzus and John Chrysostom from Rome to Constantinople, at the request of the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, which gesture was highly appreciated by the Orthodox. DIALOGUE ECUMENISM

208. Theology - CAPENT04.HTM - Report on Catholic-Pentecostal Relations
Juan Usma Gómez

In a report from early 2005, Fr Usma Gómez, of the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity, reviewed stages in the Pentecostal Movement, the initial steps in dialogue with Classical Pentecostals, and the clarification of issues under study. CHARISMATIC BAPTISM IN HOLY SPIRIT PENTECOSTALS COMMUNIO MISSION ECUMENICAL ECUMENISM

209. Theology - CATREF04.HTM - Report on Catholic-Reformed Relations
Mons. John A. Radano

In his report, Fr. Radano, of the Pontifical Council Promoting Christian Unity, summarized the progress toward a "healing of memories" between the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) and the Catholic Church. The polemics of the 16th-17th centuries have been muted with an increase in understanding. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH BOOK OF CONFESSIONS CHRISTIAN REFORMED CRCNA ECUMENICAL ECUMENISM

210. Theology - ANGCAT03.HTM - Report on Current Status of Anglican-Catholic Relations
Fr Donald Bolen

Fr Bolen, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, describes the progress and set-backs of the past year (2003) in the pursuit of unity between the Anglican Communion and the Catholic Church. ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY EPISCOPAL CHURCH HOMOSEXUALITY BISHOPS ARCIC IARCCUM ECUMENISM

211. Theology - BAPCAT01.HTM - Report on Dialogue With Baptist World Alliance
Mons. John A. Radano

A report (8 January 2002) from the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, on discussions with the Baptist World Alliance, offering hope for progress in theological dialogue after a 400 year separation of the Baptists from the Catholic Church. ECUMENICAL PROTESTANT

212. Theology - CATLUT04.HTM - Report on the Lutheran-Catholic Relations - 2004
Fr Matthias Turk

In his report on developments in Lutheran-Catholic relations, Fr Turk, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, states the importance of personal contact and shared experience, as a prelude to resolving the differences in belief on the Church, ecclesial ministry and sacramental life. WORLD LUTHERAN ALLIANCE APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION SAINTS DIALOGUE ECUMENISM

213. Theology - CATWCC02.HTM - Report on the Work of the Faith and Order Commission
Mons. John A. Radano

Mons. Radano, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, describes further progress in relations between members of the World Council of Churches, noting in particular the positive impact of the BEM (Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry) Report, since its publication in 1982. FAITH AND ORDER ECCLESIOLOGY ECUMENICAL

214. Theology - CATREF03.HTM - Report on World Alliance of Reformed Churches-Catholic Church Relations
Mons. John A. Radano

Mons. Radano, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, reports on progress in 2003 in the international dialogue between the Catholic Church and the World Alliance of Reformed Churches. Given the differences in belief among the various bodies produced by the Reformation, a bilateral approach to ecumenical dialogue has been deemed necessary. CALVINISM PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGATIONAL ECCLESIOLOGY PRAGUE CONFERENCES FIRST MAGISTERIAL RADICAL REFORMATIONS SCRIPTURE

215. THEOLOGY - REPUBLIC.HTM - Republic
Plato

The Internet Wiretap Online Edition Translated by BENJAMIN JOWETT, M.A., Late Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford, New York, P. F. Collier & Son, Copyright 1901 The Colonial Press, Prepared by Scanned from the 1901 edition and mechanically checked against a commercial copy of the Republic from CDROM. Differences were corrected against the paper edition. The text itself is thus a highly accurate rendition.

216. THEOLOGY - REPUBLIC.ZIP - Republic
Plato

The Internet Wiretap Online Edition Translated by BENJAMIN JOWETT, M.A., Late Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford, New York, P. F. Collier & Son, Copyright 1901 The Colonial Press, Prepared by Scanned from the 1901 edition and mechanically checked against a commercial copy of the Republic from CDROM. Differences were corrected against the paper edition. The text itself is thus a highly accurate rendition.

217. Theology - MORMBAP2.HTM - Response of CDF About Validity of Baptism Conferred in Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
Fr Urbano Navarrete, S.J.

Fr Navarette examines canonical issues, especially in marriages between Catholics and Mormons, following the negative response of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to the 'Dubium' regarding the validity of Mormon baptisms. DISPARITY OF CULT CANONICAL FORM PAULINE PRIVILEGE NULLITY ANNULMENT

218. Theology - BAPCATRO.HTM - Results of Baptist-Catholic Meeting in Rome
Mons. John A. Radano

Mons. Radano, of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, summarizes developments in talks with the Baptist World Alliance. While the Baptists praised the Joint Declaration on Justification, signed by Lutherans and Catholics, they had difficulty with the way Baptism is treated in the agreement, both in terms of its administration to infants and of the sacramental understanding of Baptism (i.e., as an instrument of justification). SOLA SCRIPTURA SACRAMENTS PETRINE PAPACY POPE EPISCOPACY BISHOPS PRIMACY

219. THEOLOGY - FR94304.HTM - Retrieving Conscience
John J. Conley, S.J.

Fr. Conley considers the true definition of conscience. He says that 'most of the definitions tend to fall into emotivist, intuitionist or mystical accounts of conscience.' This article was taken from the Fall 1994 issue of 'Faith & Reason'.

220. THEOLOGY - FR91302.HTM - Retrieving Rahner for Orthodox Catholicism
Mark Lowery

In this his first essay for Faith & Reason, Dr. Mark Lowery offers a critique of the thought of Karl Rahner from an orthodox Catholic perspective focusing upon the late Jesuit's treatment of doctrine. This article was taken from the Fall 1991 issue of "Faith & Reason".

221. Theology - barronmotion.htm - Revisiting the Argument from Motion
Very Rev. Robert Barron

Father Barron, founder of the global ministry, Word on Fire, and Rector/President of Mundelein Seminary, recalls the Argument from Motion, one of the five arguments for the existence of God laid out by St Thomas Aquinas. Fr Barron explains why popular objections to this classical argument have missed the point. ATHEISM AGNOSTICISM CHANGE PURE ACT POTENCY UNMOVED MOVER

222. THEOLOGY - FR93401.HTM - Roman Catholic Ecclesiology and the Problem of Historicity: Insights from Origen Scholarship
Daniel C. Hauser

The progress in Origen scholarship that has taken place since the mid-point of this century has given contemporary theology some fresh insight into the problems the Church faced in its early centuries. This article appeared in the Winter 1993 issue of "Faith & Reason."

223. Theology - SCIEMORL.HTM - Science and Morality
Bartholomew Kiely, S.J.

The advance of biological and medical sciences gives rise to moral questions that most scientists are not equipped to answer, particularly as it bears on the dignity of human life. This article (April 1987) by a priest, biochemist, and professor at the Gregorian University in Rome, lays down some important principles, in light of Pope Paul VI's 1968 Instruction, Humanae vitae. PROCREATION ABORTION IN VITRO FERTILIZATION TECHNOLOGY MARRIAGE UTILITARIAN ETHICS TELEOLOGICAL

224. THEOLOGY - FR94202.HTM - Sign, Faith and Society
Frederick D. Wilhelmsen, Ph.D.

This article appeared in the Summer 1994 issue of "Faith & Reason."

225. Theology - soberthoughts.htm - Sobering Thoughts for the Year of the Eucharist
Thomas J. Nash

Mr Nash contrasts the reverence that was shown the Holy of Holies in the Jerusalem Temple with the lack of self-examination with which many Catholics receive the true Holy of Holies, the Lord Himself, in Holy Communion. EUCHARIST REAL PRESENCE MORTAL SIN

226. THEOLOGY - FR90105.HTM - Socrates or The Baby and the Bathwater
Stanley L. Jaki

Three widely differing modern interpretations of Socrates are analyzed together with a failure common to all three. Had the Marxist F. Stone, the rationalist K. R. Popper, and the Catholic R. Guardini paid attention to the true nature of Socrates' argumentation in Phaedo, they would have noticed his historic mistake. It was to throw out the baby (science) with the bathwater (mechanistic philosophy). The mistake became corrected in a culture steeped in the cult of the Babe born in Bethlehem. This article was taken from the Spring 1990 issue of "Faith & Reason".

227. Theology - RFLCTJD.HTM - Some Reflections on the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification
LOR

The Joint Declaration has led some to propose joint Communion between Lutherans and Catholics, as an encouragement to further progress. The writer points out that, from the Catholic perspective, communion in the Sacraments is not a means to unity. It is unity, presupposing agreement on all essentials of the Faith. REFORM ECUMEN EUCHARIST

228. Theology - SPIRPOWR.HTM - Spiritual Power of the Word of God
Gianfranco Ravasi

In light of Novo Millennio ineunte, finding Christ in Scripture obliges us to proclaim Him to others. BIBLE EVANGEL CULTUR LECTIO DIVINA

229. THEOLOGY - MALECHAU.HTM - St. Augustine - A Male Chauvinist?
Fr. Edmund Hill, OP

Talk given to the Robert Hugh Benson Graduate Society at Fisher House, Cambridge, on 22nd November 1994

230. Theology - TRANSUBT.HTM - St. Thomas and Transubstantiation
LOR

In an article from 1969, L'Osservatore Romano recalls the marvellous clarity of St. Thomas Aquinas' explanation of the change of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ in the Eucharist. MASS CONCOMITANCE SUBSTANCE ACCIDENTS PHILOSOPHY

231. THEOLOGY - STATSOUL.HTM - State of the Departed Soul
Cardinal Lepicier

Chapter I of Part II of 'The Unseen World: An Exposition of Catholic Theology In Reference To Modern Spiritism'. Published by Benziger Brothers 1929. LEPICIER SOUL DEATH DEPARTED EGO PERSONALITY

232. THEOLOGY - FR93203.HTM - Study in Aquinas: Analogy as Theophany and the Hiddenness of God
Atherton C. Lowry

This paper endeavors to highlight the "theophanic" character of Thomas' notion of analogy and its integral relation with the "incomprehensibility" of God. This article was taken from the Summer 1993 issue of "Faith & Reason".

233. THEOLOGY - 527AUGQA.HTM - Study Questions and Answers
Fr. William Most

The questions and answers for Fr. Most's course, Philosophy 527: The Philosophy of St. Augustine. Download 527aug.zip for all of the course files. MOST AUGUSTINE CONFESSIONS CITY OF GOD PHILOSOPHY

234. Theology - SUMMARY.HTM - Summary of Categories of Belief in 'Professio fidei'
Colin B. Donovan, STL

This document summarizes the three categories of belief identified in the "Profession of Faith" and "Oath of Fidelity" from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and required of those who hold certain offices in the Church. It is based upon the "Doctrinal Commentary" of the Congregation, issued at the same time as Pope John Paul's "Ad tuendam fidem" (which added legislation to the Oriental and Latin Codes of Canon Law penalizing disbelief in truths belonging to any of these three categories).FAITH OATH FIDELITY MAGISTERIUM DOCTRINE DOGMA CREED

235. Theology - symproc.htm - Symposium Proceedings: Anthropology, Moral Theology, Vertatis Splendor
Fr Réal Tremblay, C.SS.R.

In September 2003, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, led by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, organized an important Symposium on questions concerning anthropology, the basis of Christian moral action according to John Paul II's Encyclical Veritatis Splendor. In this article, Fr Tremblay reflects on the topics discussed at the Symposium. ADOPTIVE SONSHIP MORAL ACTION FREEDOM

236. Theology - teachconsc.htm - Teacher of Conscience
Father Hermann Geissler, FSO

Father Geissler, Director of the International Centre of Newman Friends, Rome, examines Bl. John Henry Newman's concept of conscience, as man's capacity for truth in the areas of religion and morals, contrasting it with the common view, that it is nothing but self-will. RELIGION MORALITY INDIVIDUALISM VICAR OF CHRIST OBEDIENCE EXISTENCE OF GOD POPE INFALLIBILITY

237. Theology - classmoral.htm - The Adventure of Classical Morality
Very Rev. Robert Barron

Father Barron, founder of the global ministry, Word on Fire, and Rector/President of Mundelein Seminary, comments on the consequences, in art and morality, of the departure in the modern period from classical and medieval philosophy. ARISTOTLE FOUR CAUSES FORMAL FINAL CAUSE SCIENCE MICHELANGELO NIETZSCHE SARTRE

238. Theology - AGCONSC.HTM - The Agony of Conscience
Raimondo Spiazzi, O.P.

An article from 1978 on freedom of conscience, in which the writer shows that true freedom, rather than independent of the law of God, depends on it, whereas a false freedom reduces men to robots. MORAL ETHICS LIBERATION NATURAL LAW

239. Theology - ATHEMARX.HTM - The Atheism of Karl Marx
Rev. Gianbattista Mondin, S.X.

Father Mondin, then Dean of Philosophy at Propaganda Fide in Rome, uncovers the philosophical roots of Karl Marx's atheism in this article from 1978. MATERIALISM HUMANISM RELIGION COMMUNISM

240. Theology - AUTHUMVT.HTM - The Authority of the Encyclical Humanae Vitae
M. R. Gagnebet, O.P.

In a three part article, the writer refutes the idea that papal pronouncements are subject to criticism, even from theologians. However strong their arguments seem, they do not profit from the same guidance of the Holy Spirit that the Pope uniquely has. It is less a matter of scientific reasoning than of divine authority. MAGISTERIUM NATURAL LAW ST THOMAS JANSENISM PISTOIA LUMEN GENTIUM

241. THEOLOGY - AUTHWOM.HTM - The Authority of Women
Monica Migliorino Miller

A fresh look at the Fathers and the seeds of a positive understanding of woman that the Patristic tests provide. This article was taken from the July/August 1996 issue of "This Rock" magazine.

242. Theology - RATZBEAU.HTM - The Beauty and the Truth of Christ
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

In August 2002, Cardinal Ratzinger sent a message to the Communion and Liberation (CL) meeting at Rimini on contemplation of the beautiful, wherein he commented on the need for the Church to restore beauty to a central place. True beauty is truth, and the Truth is Christ. "We must rediscover this form of knowledge; it is a pressing need of our time." PLATO CABASILAS VON BALTHASAR BACH RUBLEV ICONS UGLY DOSTOYEVSKY

243. THEOLOGY - FR91201.HTM - The Christian Personalism of Jacques Maritain
Donald DeMarco

Dr. DeMarco illustrates in this essay how Maritain's Catholic Faith led him to develop a philosophic personalism based upon the teachings of St. Thomas. This key element in his thought may serve as a counter current to the contemporary world's exaltation of selfishness. This article was taken from the Summer 1991 issue of 'Faith & Reason'.

244. Theology - ZSEXREV.HTM - The Church Must Guide the Sexual Revolution
ZENIT

This ZENIT article reflects on the conclusions of a symposium at the John Paul II Institute for Studies of Marriage and the Family in Rome. This week of study addressed the marvel of human sexuality, contrasting it with the secular views prevalent today.

245. THEOLOGY - CHWORDIN.HTM - The Church of the Word Incarnate
Cardinal Charles Journet

This work by Swiss theologian, Charles Journet, about the Mystical Body is essential reading for those who wish to understand the mind of the last General Council. The key to his thought is the distinction he makes between Christ's action in our favor "from a distance" and His action "by immediate contact."

246. THEOLOGY - CHWORDIN.ZIP - The Church of the Word Incarnate
Cardinal Charles Journet

This work by Swiss theologian, Charles Journet, about the Mystical Body is essential reading for those who wish to understand the mind of the last General Council. The key to his thought is the distinction he makes between Christ's action in our favor "from a distance" and His action "by immediate contact."

247. Theology - JUSTPECE.HTM - The Church's Commitment to Justice and Peace
Cardinal Angelo Sodano

Cardinal Sodano, Secretary of State, addressed the opening session of the First World Congress of Ecclesial Organizations Working for Justice and Peace, held in Rome on 27 October 2004. In his address, he examined "the various aspects of the Church's commitment to justice and peace in relation to her vaster commitment to preaching the Gospel of Christ to all people of every time, and to sanctifying them internally with his grace." MISSION CATHOLICITY CHARITY SOCIAL DOCTRINE WORLD DAY OF PEACE

248. Theology - zconscb16.htm - The Conscience of Our Age
ZENIT

Father Vincent Twomey, retired professor of moral theology at the Pontifical University of St. Patrick's College, in Maynooth, is the author of "Pope Benedict XVI: The Conscience of Our Age," published in 2007 by Ignatius Press. In this interview with ZENIT, he comments on the Holy Father's role in providing a way to return to a deeper understanding of conscience. RATZINGER PERFECTIONISM IDEOLOGY POLITICS MORALITY EPISCOPAL CONFERENCES

249. THEOLOGY - FR92100.HTM - The Crisis of Faith and the Theology of Mission: A Reflection on Redemptoris Missio
Timothy T. O'Donnell, S.T.D.

An examination of Pope John Paul II's encyclical which is of particular importance because it deals with a number of theological errors and distortions which have weakened the once vibrant missionary outreach of the Catholic Church. This article was taken from the Spring 1992 issue of "Faith & Reason".

250. Theology - CCCRELEV.HTM - The Current Doctrinal Relevance of the CCC
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

This address was given by Cardinal Ratzinger, on 9 October 2002, to the Catechetical Congress meeting in Rome to observe the tenth anniversary of the Catechism. In praising the Catechism, the Cardinal showed its contribution to such areas as the interpretation of Scripture, the integration of Eastern Catholic theology, the relation between the sacraments and liturgy, the premises for the moral life. BIBLE TRADITION JUSTIFICATION PNEUMATOLOGY INCULTURATION VATICAN II NATURAL LAW

251. THEOLOGY - FR93202.HTM - The Dream of Natural Philosophy
Brian Mullady, O.P.

This article was taken from the Summer 1993 issue of "Faith & Reason".

252. Theology - HVSTRUC.HTM - The Encyclical Humanae Vitae and the Structure of Human Life
Jean Guitton

A philosopher analyzes the "structure" of marital love into two elements, meaning and purpose. The meaning of marriage is a "loving union" of a man and a woman; its purpose is procreation. His thesis, in support of Pope Paul's Humanae Vitae, is that what God has joined together, only God can separate. The meaning of marriage remains when couples are infertile, but couples are not themselves free to deprive it of its purpose. CONTRACEPTION NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING

253. Theology - ENCWOAMB.HTM - The Encyclical Without Ambiguity
Fr. David Knowles

Addressing the implication of many critics of Pope Paul VI's Humanae Vitae, that Catholics are obliged to believe only what has been infallibly defined, Fr Knowles observes that this would describe only the "tip of the great iceberg of Christian doctrine". Papal authority is not limited to ex cathedra statements, and freedom of conscience does not include the freedom to ignore papal authority. INFALLIBILITY NATURAL LAW CONSCIENCE

254. Theology - FACECHRI.HTM - The Face of Christ
Bishop Rino Fisichella

Bishop Fisichella, reflecting on Novo Millennio Ineunte, describes the history of salvation as "the gradual discovery of the face of God," which is made visible in Christ's own countenance. ICON

255. THEOLOGY - KUNGINF.HTM - The Historical Credibility of Hans Kung
Joseph Costanzo, S.J.

Fr. Joseph Costanzo was Professor of Political Philosophy, Historical Jurisprudence and Constitutional Law in the graduate schools of Fordham (1949-52, 1955-1970) and Georgetown universities. He has lectured at universities in America, Canada and Europe and, at the invitation of the United States Department of State (1960), he lectured in Ireland and Germany. Consequent to the papal promulgation of Humanae Vitae he concentrated his energies to the exposition and defense of the Petrine Commission.

256. THEOLOGY - KUNGINF.ZIP - The Historical Credibility of Hans Kung
Joseph Costanzo, S.J.

Fr. Joseph Costanzo was Professor of Political Philosophy, Historical Jurisprudence and Constitutional Law in the graduate schools of Fordham (1949-52, 1955-1970) and Georgetown universities. He has lectured at universities in America, Canada and Europe and, at the invitation of the United States Department of State (1960), he lectured in Ireland and Germany. Consequent to the papal promulgation of Humanae Vitae he concentrated his energies to the exposition and defense of the Petrine Commission.

257. Theology - HETHOSAQ.HTM - The Holy Eucharist in St Thomas Aquinas
Inos Biffi

Father Biffi, of the Pontifical Academy of St Thomas Aquinas, responds to the charge that St. Thomas' eucharistic theology reduces to philosophy the concrete testimony of Scripture, the Liturgy, and the Fathers. In fact, the Angelic Doctor relates the Eucharist clearly to the Passion of Christ, made present in the Person of the One who suffered. SACRIFICE SACRAMENTS MASS

258. Theology - SIPLIGHT.HTM - The Holy Trinity
St. Thomas Aquinas

An excerpt from Light of Faith, A Compendium of Theology giving the doctrine of the Holy Trinity of St. Thomas. GOD TRINITY FATHER SON SPIRIT RELATION PROCESSION

259. Theology - Ibelieve.htm - The I Who Believes: A Catechesis Addressed to the Human Person
Jane Dominic Laurel, OP

Sister Jane Dominic, of the St Cecilia Congregation of Dominican Sisters in Nashville, Tennessee, and Theology Professor at Aquinas College in Nashville, reflects on the Church's solution to the question, What is man? CATECHISM PHENOMENOLOGY ANTHROPOLOGY CREED PHILOSOPHY LOVE HAPPINESS COMMUNION SUFFERING SACRAMENTS VOCATION

260. Theology - sensusfidei.htm - The Instinct that Guides Christians
Sara Butler, MSBT

The International Theological Commission (ITC) has published a document entitled Sensus Fidei in the Life of the Church, which recalls that the "consensus of all believers constitutes a testimony to the apostolic faith." Sara Butler of the ITC summarizes the first two chapters of this document. See A Vital Resource for the Church. SENSUS FIDELIS FIDELIUM FAITH AQUINAS

261. Theology - ratzinguardini.htm - The Intellectual Relationship between Joseph Ratzinger and Romano Guardini
Silvano Zucal

Silvano Zucal, of the University of Trent, Editor of Romano Guardini's complete works, examines the influence of the great Italian-German theologian on the future Pope. Their shared concerns included the essence of Christianity, the meaning and destiny of the Church, the future of Europe, and the spirit of the Liturgy. FEUERBACH LITURGICAL MOVEMENT MEDIEVAL MIDDLE AGES MODERNIST CRISIS CONVERSION LOGOS ETHOS NAZISM

262. THEOLOGY - SEMINAR.HTM - The Jesus Seminar
George William Rutler

In this article taken from the September 1996 issue of "Crisis" magazine, Fr. Rutler comments on a seminar held in California in which "thoughtful Latin stoics and Semitic Sadducees would not have considered the Jesus discovered there worth killing."

263. Theology - LTENCYC.HTM - The Light of the Encyclical
Cardinal C. Journet

Referring to criticism of Pope Paul's Humanae Vitae, the Cardinal writes that "it is nonsense for a Catholic to set up in opposition to the authority of the Encyclical the infallibility of his own individual conscience," since "supreme authority over the universal Church rests wholly in the Sovereign Pontiff alone." PAPACY MAGISTERIUM COLLEGIALITY DISSENT

264. Theology - MAGISTER.HTM - The Magisterium
Cardinal John C. Heenan

In this article, Cardinal Heenan drew attention to the dangers of a false ecumenism, in which the distinctiveness of Catholicism was being played down, evangelization discouraged, and the teaching authority of the Church handed over to liturgists, much to the chagrin of Pope Paul VI. LEX ORANDI LEX CREDENDI INDIFFERENTISM REAL PRESENCE

265. Theology - MAGVICXR.HTM - The Magisterium of the Vicar of Christ
Norman Cardinal Gilroy, Archbishop of Sydney

Here is described the great benefit to the Church of the Pope's magisterium, and the obligation to assent, not only when he speaks ex cathedra. "A loyal Catholic does not seek to distinguish between the different modes by which the Pope exercizes his teaching authority before making up his mind whether he will accept the teaching or not."

266. Theology - MEANFAIT.HTM - The Meaning of Faith
Most Rev. William Philbin

In the '60's, secularism was being touted as a progressive step from religion to maturity. Here Bishop Philbin shows that secularism is practical atheism, and religion is realism. MAGISTERIUM AUTHORITY CONSCIENCE FREE SACRIFICE

267. Theology - zcathmind.htm - The Mind That Is Catholic
ZENIT

Father James Schall, a professor of political philosophy at Georgetown University, has written a new book, "The Mind That Is Catholic: Philosophical and Political Essays" (CUA Press). The book explores the habits of being that allow one to use the tools of faith and reason to explore all things seen and unseen. Interviewed by Annamarie Adkins, Father Schall shared with ZENIT why all people, not just professional philosophers and theologians, can have a mind that is truly Catholic. REGENSBURG ARISTOTLE AQUINAS PROTESTANTISM ATHEISM CATHOLIC SCHOOLS SOKOLOWSKI BENEDICT XVI REASON REVELATION WORSHIP

268. Theology - MODCATH.HTM - The Modern Catholic and the Magisterium of the Pope
Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa

The Cardinal notes the critical state of mind of Catholics in the late '60s, approves the lay initiative in seeking to understand what the magisterium teaches, but also cautions Catholics to be receptive to the teachings of the Pope in particular, as successor to the Chief among the Apostles. PAPACY AUTHORITY FREEDOM

269. THEOLOGY - MYOFFAIT.HTM - The Mystery of Faith Regarding the Most August Sacrament and Sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ
Maurice de la Taille, S.J.

This file contains Book 1, "The Sacrifice of Our Lord" and Book 2, The Sacrifice of the Church."

270. THEOLOGY - MYOFFAIT.ZIP - The Mystery of Faith Regarding the Most August Sacrament and Sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ
Maurice de la Taille, S.J.

This file contains Book 1, "The Sacrifice of Our Lord" and Book 2, The Sacrifice of the Church."

271. Theology - EUCHARIS.HTM - The Mystery of the Blessed Eucharist
Cardinal Charles Journet

In an article from 20 March 1969, Cardinal Journet summarizes the Catholic doctrine of the Eucharist and explains where it differs on the Real Presence from Lutheran and Calvinist doctrines, and why these differences cannot be overlooked in a quest for intercommunion. PROTESTANT SACRAMENT TRANSUBSTANTIATION CONSUBSTANTIATION CONCOMITANCE ECUMEN

272. THEOLOGY - NATDESMN.HTM - The Nature and Destiny of Man
Christopher Dawson

Discusses the Catholic Church's doctrine of the twofold nature of man, that he is neither flesh nor spirit, but a compound of both. This article was taken from 'The Dawson Newsletter,' Spring 1994, P.O. Box 332, Fayetteville, AR. 72702, $8.00 per year. DAWSON MAN NATURE

273. THEOLOGY - REMYBODY.HTM - The New Evangelization and Gender: The Remystification of the Body
Joyce Little

This article by Joyce Little discusses the choice between symbolic-sacramental man and functional man, which she says is a choice between accepting the whole of the Catholic faith or rejecting the whole of that faith. This article was taken from the Winter 1994 issue of 'Communio: International Catholic Review'. LITTLE EVANGELIZATION GENDER BODY MALE FEMALE

274. Theology - NEWHERSY.HTM - The New Heresy
Jean Danielou

In this article, Fr. Danielou exposes the the emptiness of "religionless Christianity," as being promoted in the "Death of God" movement of the '60's. VAN LEEUWEN CHARDIN SECULARISM

275. Theology - papletchin1yr.htm - The Papal Letter to the Church in China One Year From Its Publication
Wojciech Giertych, O.P.

Father Giertych, Theologian of the Papal Household, commemorates the first anniversary of Benedict XVI's Letter to the Church in China, by analyzing the Holy Father's moral teaching that, while compliance with the government, on the part of some Chinese Catholics, may have gone too far, they ought not to be rashly condemned by those who were more stedfast in the Faith. MORAL INTENTION CIRCUMSTANCES PERSECUTION PERSONALISM THOMAS AQUINAS

276. THEOLOGY - PROBMASS.HTM - The Period of the Schoolmen: The Sacrifice
Rev. M. de la Taille, S.J.

(1) The problem of the Mass in relation to Christ's eternal sacrifice and (2) the Mass as an offering of the passion.

277. Theology - ZRATSPAI.HTM - The Problem of Christian Prophecy
ZENIT

The proclamation of Christ and his Gospel in a relativist world was for the future Pope Benedict XVI one of the main challenges of the Church. This interview with Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, then prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, took place 30 Nov. 2002, at St. Anthony's Catholic University of Murcia, Spain, where the cardinal was attending an International Congress on Christology. RELATIVISM INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION CDF THEOLOGIANS MEDIA PRESS SCANDAL LIBERATION THEOLOGY

278. THEOLOGY - PROBLIB.HTM - The Problem With Liberalism
J. Budziszewski

This essay contends that political liberalism is deeply flawed, a bundle of acute moral errors. This article appeared in the March 1996 issue of "First Things." PROPITIATIONISM EXPROPRIATIONISM SOLIPSISM ABSOLUTIONISM PERFECTIONISM UNIVERSALISM NEUTRALISM COLLECTIVISM

279. Theology - ORDWOMEN.HTM - The Question of Admitting Women to the Ministerial Priesthood
Louis Ligier, S.J.

From 1978, a really fine exposition of reasons why women cannot be ordained to the priesthood, by a Consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, in light of the Declaration, Inter Insigniores, issued by that Congregation in 1977. For the last word on the matter, see Ordinatio Sacerdotalis, an Apostolic Letter issued by Pope John Paul II in 1994. SCRIPTURE APOSTLES CHRISTOLOGY MAN WOMAN CHURCH ECCLESIOLOGY LITURGY SACRAMENTS ANALOGY OF FAITH IN PERSONA CHRISTI ECCLESIAE BAPTISM EQUALITY HEAD NUPTIAL

280. Theology - ROCKFRM.HTM - The Rock Stands Firm
Most Rev. Edward Ellis, Bishop of Nottingham

In the face of human pride, which had infiltrated the Church in the 60's, calling into question even the most basic of Christian doctrines, the Bishop of Nottingham took occasion from Pope Paul VI's call for a renewal of faith, to praise the virtue of faith, and to urge continuing fidelity to St. Peter, the rock on which the Church was founded. YEAR OF FAITH PAPACY GRACE

281. Theology - ROLSTHOS.HTM - The Role of St Thomas in Catholic Studies
Raimondo Spiazzi

In an article from 1978, the writer comments on an issue of Seminarium (3, 1977), published by the Congregation for Catholic Education, in which the centrality of St Thomas Aquinas to Catholic education is reaffirmed, despite postconciliar attempts by some to displace him entirely. SCHOLASTICISM PHILOSOPHY MAGISTERIUM THOMISM ENLIGHTENMENT MARXISM

282. Theology - PENCHILD.HTM - The Sacrament of Penance and Children
Achille Triacca

In an article from 1978, the writer inveighs against excluding children from the benefits of Confession. "The believer is thus deprived of an irreplaceable aid to instil, and cause to blossom in practice, confidence in the tender kindness of God, Creator and Father, who loves us, and who, in his Son, communicates to us his forgiveness by virtue of the Holy Spirit." RECONCILIATION CATECHESIS LITURGY COMMUNITY COMMUNION EUCHARIST

283. Theology - sacrealpres.htm - The Sacrament of Real Presence
Robert Imbelli

Father Imbelli, Professor of Theology at Boston College, Massachusetts, points to the Eucharist as the stable center in a changing, fragmented world. YEATS ELIOT PROTEAN SELF THANKSGIVING

284. Theology - heartb16.htm - The Sacred Heart of Jesus in the Theology of Benedict XVI
Father Mark D. Kirby, O.Cist.

Father Kirby gives a summary of the Holy Father's teaching on the Sacred Heart, from his writings as Cardinal Ratzinger. The Heart of Jesus is God's word to us: "the Heart of God laid bare for man." It is our word to God: "a human Heart lifted high on the Cross." And it is our word to the world: "the Heart of the Church open to all who seek ... to every lost sheep." THEOLOGY LOGOS ADORATION

285. THEOLOGY - SPIRCATH.HTM - The Spirit of Catholicism
Karl Adam

Published in 1954 by Doubleday & Company. Karl Adam brilliantly answers many questions about the nature and structure of the Church. Writing with great force and clarity, he examines the essential nature of the Catholic Church from the basic premise that it was expressly founded by Christ, traces its historical development and analyses its actual functioning through the ages. The author has long been regarded as one of the world's greatest theologians and 'The

286. THEOLOGY - SPIRCATH.ZIP - The Spirit of Catholicism
Karl Adam

Published in 1954 by Doubleday & Company. Karl Adam brilliantly answers many questions about the nature and structure of the Church. Writing with great force and clarity, he examines the essential nature of the Catholic Church from the basic premise that it was expressly founded by Christ, traces its historical development and analyses its actual functioning through the ages. The author has long been regarded as one of the world's greatest theologians and 'The

287. THEOLOGY - FR92202.HTM - The Teaching of Theologians from St. Thomas Aquinas until Vatican Council II on the Existence of Moral Absolutes
William E. May

The purpose of this inquiry is to examine the teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas and a select group of exceptionally important theologians _ Duns Scotus, Suarez, Alphonsus Liguori _ and representatives of the "Dominican," "Jesuit," and "Redemptorist" manualist traditions from the time of St. Thomas until Vatican Council II on the existence of moral absolutes. This article was taken from the Summer 1992 issue of "Faith & Reason".

288. THEOLOGY - TRINITY.HTM - The Trinity and God the Creator
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange

The first part of this work treats of the Trinity. After presenting the testimony of the Scriptures and the Fathers, Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange explains the questions in St. Thomas' Summa theologica>, article by article, comparing his doctrine with the teaching of earlier and later theologians.

289. THEOLOGY - TRINITY.ZIP - The Trinity and God the Creator
Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange

The first part of this work treats of the Trinity. After presenting the testimony of the Scriptures and the Fathers, Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange explains the questions in St. Thomas' Summa theologica>, article by article, comparing his doctrine with the teaching of earlier and later theologians.

290. Theology - WOJTLAHV.HTM - The Truth of the Encyclical Humanae Vitae
Cardinal Karol Wojtyla

In 1969, the present Pope, while still a Cardinal, underscored the reasonable basis for Pope Paul's decision against artificial birth control. Marriage is a communion of persons which cannot exclude conception of another person. CONTRACEPTION NATURAL LAW PARENTHOOD CONJUGAL LOVE

291. Theology - UNITCHRI.HTM - The Unity of Christians
Cardinal Walter Kasper

In his reflection on Novo Millennio Ineunte, the Cardinal recalls the ecumenical advances of the recent past, and looks with hope toward the future. SUBSIST INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE ECUMEN SOLIDARITY BAPTISM MARTYR JUBILEE

292. Theology - PETRVOIC.HTM - The Voice of Peter
Most Rev. Fulton Sheen

This article was specially written by Most Rev. Fulton Sheen, Bishop of Rochester for the English edition of L'Osservatore Romano. It likens the difficulty of Pope Paul VI in being heard to Peter's experience, when knocking at the door of John Mark's house, after being delivered by an Angel from prison. PAPACY

293. Theology - stboneuch.htm - The Whispering Breeze of the Eucharist
Father Enos Biffi

Father Biffi, of the Pontifical Academy of St Thomas Aquinas, reflects on the high points of St Bonaventure's Sermon on the Most Holy Body of Christ. CONTEMPLATION ELIJAH MOSES ALLEGORY

294. THEOLOGY - CHRI602.HTM - Theo 602: Outline of Christology
Fr. William Most

Messiah in the eternal plan of God. Preexistence of the Messiah in Jewish thought. Messiah in the prophets. The convenants. Reliability of the Gospels. The Infancy Narratives. Hidden life. Teaching and claims of Jesus. Miracles, the Redemption, Mary as Cooperatrix and Mediatrix, the Resurrection, Christological controversies in the early Church, the Sacred and Immaculate Hearts. TARGUM GOSPEL BULTMAN BROWN DOCETISM ARIANISM APOLLINARISM NESTORIA

295. THEOLOGY - CHRI602.ZIP - Theo 602: Outline of Christology
Fr. William Most

Messiah in the eternal plan of God. Preexistence of the Messiah in Jewish thought. Messiah in the prophets. The convenants. Reliability of the Gospels. The Infancy Narratives. Hidden life. Teaching and claims of Jesus. Miracles, the Redemption, Mary as Cooperatrix and Mediatrix, the Resurrection, Christological controversies in the early Church, the Sacred and Immaculate Hearts. TARGUM GOSPEL BULTMAN BROWN DOCETISM ARIANISM APOLLINARISM NESTORIA

296. THEOLOGY - MARY523.HTM - Theo523: Mary in Doctrine and Devotion
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most's basic Mariology course, taught at the Notre Dame Catechetical Institute. Examines: The Eternal Plan of God. The Old Testament. The Gospels. Immaculate Conception, Divine Motherhood, Perpetual Virginity. Coredemptrix, Mediatrix of All Graces, Mother of the Church, Assumption, Queenship, Consort of her Son. Mary and Vatican II, Rev 12. Marian devotions and the Spiritual life. Discernment of Spirits: Private Revelations and Apparitions. CO-REDEMPTRIX

297. THEOLOGY - MARY523.ZIP - Theo523: Mary in Doctrine and Devotion
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most's basic Mariology course, taught at the Notre Dame Catechetical Institute. Examines: The Eternal Plan of God. The Old Testament. The Gospels. Immaculate Conception, Divine Motherhood, Perpetual Virginity. Coredemptrix, Mediatrix of All Graces, Mother of the Church, Assumption, Queenship, Consort of her Son. Mary and Vatican II, Rev 12. Marian devotions and the Spiritual life. Discernment of Spirits: Private Revelations and Apparitions. CO-REDEMPTRIX

298. Theology - THEOLCH.HTM - Theologians and the Church
Rev. James B. Nugent

In view of the number of theologians who opposed Pope Paul's Humanae Vitae, Fr. Nugent considers what a theologian is and his function in the Catholic Church. They are consultants for priests, bishops, and even the Pope. But even the most brilliant theologian is not competent to criticize the teaching of the Pope, who is the Vicar of Christ. HIERARCHY RAHNER HARING

299. Theology - ztobparish.htm - Theology of the Body for the Parish
Katrina J. Zeno

Here are excerpts from an address given by Katrina J. Zeno at a symposium held in Rome, November 2011, on theology of the body. She is the coordinator of the John Paul II Resource Center for Theology of the Body and Culture for the Diocese of Phoenix, Arizona. Her talk was titled "Theology of the Body for Parish Catechesis: From Womb to Tomb." CATECHESIS TRINITY TRINITARIAN SACRAMENTALITY GIFT RESURRECTION NOMINALISM NATURE RIGHTS

300. Theology - theoltdy.htm - Theology Today: Perspectives, Principles and Criteria
International Theological Commission

Discussions on the current status of theology, begun in 2004 by the International Theological Commission, and concluded in 2011, resulted in the publication of this text, approved 29 November by Cardinal Levada, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The dominant theme is the Word of God in Scripture and Tradition. COMMUNION FAITH SENSUS FIDELIUM MAGISTERIUM TRUTH INSPIRATION

301. Theology - thosexper.htm - Thomas and the Experience of God
Inos Biffi

Theologian Enos Biffi presents St Thomas Aquinas' teaching on our knowledge of God, the Being who is the Cause of all being, who in His Essence is unknowable, though most attainable through love. PSEUDO-DIONYSIUS PHILOSOPHY THEOLOGY WISDOM TRANSCENDENCE

302. Theology - YRFAITH.HTM - Thoughts on Year of Faith
Bishop Jean-Marie Fortier

In observance of the Year of Faith, proclaimed by Pope Paul VI in connection with the Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul 1968, Bishop Fortier urged that "the finest monument we can build to the glory of Peter and Paul...will always be our fidelity to the magisterium of the Church." PAPACY INFALLIBILITY GALLICANISM

303. Theology - PONMISDI.HTM - To National Directors of Pontifical Mission Societies: The Declaration Dominus Iesus
Archbishop Charles Schleck

Archbishop Schleck, of the Congregation for Evangelization of Peoples, summarizes the teaching of Dominus Iesus, clarifying terms, and addressing concerns as to its impact on dialogue with other faiths. CHRIST CHURCH UNICITY ECUMEN SALV RATZINGER

304. Theology - EPISCMAG.HTM - To the Federation of Catholic Scholars
Cardinal William Baum

In an address to theologians, 28 April 1978, Cardinal Baum of Washington analyzed the magisterium (or teaching office) of bishops in relation to their sacramental ministry and the permanent kerygma (Gospel) they are called upon to proclaim. POPE PAPACY REVELATION SCRIPTURE TRADITION CONVERSION EVANGELIZATION LITURGY SACRAMENTS MYSTERY MYSTICAL

305. Theology - alicedietr.htm - Together
Cristiana Dobner

In the grim Nazi period that raged in Europe, a light of great humanity shined in Germany: Dietrich von Hildebrand. He spoke out against the regime with extreme clarity. He escaped to Austria, and then to the United States. There he met his beloved life partner, a young Belgian philosophy student Alice who was to become his wife. At the age of 90, Dr Alice von Hildebrand recalls their life together and their first meeting. ARISTOTLE TRUTH BEAUTY CATHOLIC CHURCH

306. THEOLOGY - TIME.HTM - Towards A Christian Experience of Time
Catherine Dalzell

CRNET member Catherine Dalzell looks at the way we usually experience time: a linear taskmaster, driving one through a sequence of events towards eventual death. Redemption unlocks the past from its burden of sin, fills the future with hope, and broadens the present moment in the experience of God's love. This essay first appeared in the 'Canadian Catholic Review'. DALZELL TIME MUSIC MOVEMENT SIN

307. Theology - TCHAUTH.HTM - Trust in the Teaching Authority of the Church
La Civilta Cattolica

This article responds to rationales for refusing to accept decisions of the magisterium. While the distinction between the "Teaching Church" and the "Learning Church" is not as clearcut as it once was, the charism of authentically interpreting the Word of God, written or handed down, continues to belong to the hierarchy alone. DISSENT INFALLIBILITY

308. THEOLOGY - TRUEFREE.HTM - Truth and Freedom
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

Article taken from the Spring 1996 issue of "Communio: International Catholic Review". MARX KANT NIETZSCHE KUNG

309. Theology - zturnfathers.htm - Turn to the Fathers
ZENIT

There is a need to bridge a gap between the Fathers of the Church and the modern developments in theology, says a patristics scholar. In this interview with ZENIT, Father Robert Dodaro, director of the Augustinian Patristic Institute at the Pontifical Lateran University, says that the study of the Fathers is the way to discover the answers to the problems the Church faces today. PATRISTICS CLASSICS DOGMATIC THEOLOGY

310. THEOLOGY - FR89202.HTM - Two Ways to Knowledge
Arthur A. Halbach

In this brillant essay, the author shows how a proper understanding of the definition of meaning has consequences on catechetics, liturgy, academic freedom, and the dissident magisterium. This article was taken from the Summer 1989 issue of "Faith & Reason".

311. Theology - cardulles.htm - Unfailing Love for the Lord Marks Cardinal Dulles' Life
LOR

L'Osservatore Romano gives a summary biography of the eminent theologian, Cardinal Avery Dulles, S.J., who departed this life 12 December 2008. AGNOSTIC CONVERSION JESUITS

312. Theology - ZDUPUIS.HTM - Vatican and Jesuit Theologian Reach Agreement
ZENIT

In response to the book, Toward a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism, by Belgian theologian, Fr Jacques Dupuis S.J., the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith published a Notification which clarifies certain statements in the book which could cause confusion among the faithful. This article summarizes the Notification. ECUMEN INDIFFERENT DOMINUS IESUS

313. Theology - zvonhildreason.htm - Von Hildebrand's Voice of Reason
ZENIT

Benedict XVI sees in Dietrich von Hildebrand a voice of reason in an age that has largely despaired of reason, says the founder of a project to disseminate the philosopher-theologian's writings. John Henry Crosby recently spoke with ZENIT about the mission of the Dietrich von Hildebrand Legacy Project and the influence the German thinker had on the Catholic Church throughout the 20th century. PERSONALISM MARRIAGE CONVERSION BEAUTY CULTURE PHENOMENALISM

314. Theology - ztheob16.htm - What a Theologian-Pope Tells Theology
ZENIT

Benedict XVI exhorts theologians to adopt an attitude of listening, with the virtue of humility rather than pride, which attempts to measure God by human intelligence. This exhortation, according to Archbishop Bruno Forte, is a safeguard against the "only authentically Christian heresy," which is gnosis. In an interview with ZENIT, the archbishop notes how the roots of Joseph Ratzinger's thinking are revealed in his exhortations as Pope. AUDITUS VERBI REVELATION LITURGY REASON FACT ENLIGHTENMENT LIBERAL MODERNISM CHALCEDON ARIANISM LIBERATION THEOLOGY

315. THEOLOGY - PAGAN.HTM - What If a Pagan Sins Mortally?
Fr. William Most

A tentative speculation by Fr. William Most. MOST SIN CONTRITION GOD LOVE PAGAN HELL FORGIVENESS

316. Theology - schonevo6.htm - What is Man that Thou are Mindful of Him?
Christoph Cardinal Schönborn

In his sixth in a series of catechetical lectures on creation and evolution, Cardinal Schönborn deals with the problem of man’s apparent dethronement as “crown of creation” by intellectual revolutionaries such as Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud. GENOME REASON SPIRIT SOUL MATERIALISM SCIENCE NATURE CELSUS MICROCOSM HOMINIZATION EVOLUTIONISM

317. THEOLOGY - FR90104.HTM - What is Medieval Political Philosophy?
James V. Schall, S.J.

In this essay Fr. Schall examines the political philosophy of the Middle Ages in contrast to modern political theory. This article appeared in the Spring 1990 issue of "Faith & Reason."

318. THEOLOGY - FR94102.HTM - What is Western Culture
Thomas Storck

In this essay the author's intention is to set forth some of the basis for the West's historic unity. "How do we discover the ultimate basis of the unity of the West? Jacques Maritain captured the essence of the West in one sentence, when he wrote that the Greek people 'may be truly termed the organ of the reason and word of man as the Jewish people was the organ of the revelation and word of God.'" Taken from the Spring 1994 issue of "Faith & Reason."

319. Theology - SIPVAT2.HTM - What Went Wrong with Vatican II
Ralph McInerny

Thomistic Philosopher, and mystery novelist, Dr. Ralph McInerny explains the crisis in the Church after Vatican II and what must be done to correct it. COUNCIL RENEWAL REFORM DISSENT MAGISTERIUM

320. Theology - ZMNYRELI.HTM - Why Are There So Many Religions?
ZENIT

In this article, thoughts on the world's great religions are taken from Pope John Paul II's book, Crossing the Threshold of Hope, published in 1994. ISLAM JUDAISM BUDDHISM HINDUISM ANIMISM SOTERIOLOGY

321. Theology - NOTMOTHR.HTM - Why God is Father and Not Mother
Mark Brumley

The author shows why God, even though transcending sexual differentiation, is more aptly described in masculine terms than feminine, as in Holy Scripture. GENDER FEMINIST PATRIARCH TRINITY

322. Theology - barroninvfrnd.htm - Why I Love My Invisible Friend
Very Rev. Robert Barron

Father Barron responds to the taunt, leveled at believers by the new atheists, that God is their "invisible friend," implying that belief in God is childish. ATHEISM PLATO AQUINAS CREATION

323. THEOLOGY - CHRIMALE.HTM - Why Was Christ A Male & Why Did He Ordain Only Men?
Raymond T. Gawronski

This excellent article appeared in the January-February 1996 issue of the "New Oxford Review."

324. Theology - CATHPURG.HTM - With a Humble Hope
Jean Guitton

The French Philosopher examines the teaching of St. Catherine of Genoa on purgatory. HÜGEL MYSTICAL LOVE TIME PAIN SUFFERING

325. Theology - WOMCHRCH.HTM - Woman in the Church: Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia
Cardinal William Baum

Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., at its Tercentenary Academic Celebration in 1978, heard Cardinal William Baum, Archbishop of Washington, speak in high praise of "the first woman in history to receive a doctorate degree." As to what women uniquely contribute to the Church, he said, it "consists in woman's capacity to be the symbol of divinized creation." FEMINISM WOMAN PRIESTS EQUALITY SECULARIZATION MOTHERHOOD

326. Theology - CATHBUDD.HTM - Word and Silence in Buddhist and Christian Traditions
Buddhist-Christian Colloquim

The Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue sponsored the 2nd Buddhist-Christian Colloquim 8-13 July 1998. This is the concluding statement of the participants. ECUMENISM DIALOGUE BUDDHISM RELIGION

327. Theology - schonevo5.htm - You Govern All Things...: Suffering in a World Guided by God
Christoph Cardinal Schönborn

In his fifth in a series of catechetical lectures on creation and evolution, Cardinal Schönborn examines the question of how there can be physical evil, i.e., suffering, in a world created by a good and all-powerful Creator. Although God could have chosen to create a world perfect from the outset, He chose instead to create a world "in a state of journeying towards its ultimate perfection." SCIENCE GENETICS INTELLIGENT DESIGN

328. THEOLOGY - YOUNGSIN.HTM - Younger Than Sin
Lorenzo Albacete

In this article taken from the Winter 1995 issue of "Communio" Msgr. Albacete analyzes George Bernanos reference to the Blessed Virgin Mary as "younger than sin."