This is an index of all files in the EWTN "Encyclicals" Document Library as of 10/31/2014 sorted by library and title



LIBRARY - FILENAME - TITLE
AUTHOR
DESCIPTION

1. Encyclicals - p6mysterfidei.htm - Mysterium Fidei
Pope Paul VI

Mysterium Fidei, promulgated Sept. 3, 1965. Teaching of faith on worship of the Holy Eucharist. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL EUCHARIST FAITH DOCTRINE BODY BLOOD SACRAMENT WORSHIP

2. Encyclicals - B16spesalvi.htm - Spe Salvi: In Hope We Are Saved
Benedict XVI

The title of Benedict XVI's Encyclical, published 30 November 2007, refers to Romans 8:24, "For in hope we were saved." As the Holy Father teaches, our hope is based on the love of God, who offers redemption, the goal of our journey. We are freed from bondage to matter, because God governs its laws. In our relationship with Him, established through Christ, we have life that can never be taken away. JOSEPHINE BAKHITA LIFE DEATH PRAYER AMBROSE AUGUSTINE COMMUNITY FRANCIS BACON PROGRESS REASON FREEDOM POLITICS KANT MARX FAITH SCIENCE MAXIMUS THE CONFESSOR KINGDOM OF GOD NGUYEN VAN THUAN SUFFERING INDIVIDUALISM JUDGMENT JUSTICE MARY

3. Encyclicals - B14PEREG.HTM - 1750: Holy Year
Pope Benedict XIV

'Peregrinantes' Encyclical of 5 May 1749. Proclaims a Holy Year for 1750, grants indulgences for that year, calls for a war against vice among the faithful and a return to the Church by those who had left, and finally gives advice to secular leaders. BENEDICT XIV 1750 HOLY YEAR PILGRIMAGES

4. Encyclicals - P9BENEFI.HTM - 25th Ann. of Pontificate
Pope Pius IX

'Beneficia Dei.' Encyclical of 4 Jun 1871. Pius reviews the successes and trials of his pontificate, gives thanks to God, and grants indulgences. PIUS IX ANNIVERSARY

5. Encyclicals - P12QUEMA.HTM - A Plea for the Care of the World's Destitute Children
Pope Pius XII

'Quemadmodum' Promulgated on January 6, 1946. PRAYERS MATERIAL AID

6. Encyclicals - P12COMMU.HTM - An Appeal for Prayers for Peace
Pope Pius XII

'Communium Interpretes Dolorarum.' Promulgated on April 15, 1945. Encourages the faithful to pray for peace and to return to Christian morals and to deter the wrath of God. PRAYERS DOCTRINE WAR JUSTICE FUGITIVES

7. Encyclicals - B15ADBEA.HTM - Appealing For Peace
Pope Benedict XV

'Ad beatissimi apostolorum' Promulgated on November 1, 1914. WAR WORLD WAR I SOCIETY PEACE CLASS BEATITUDES MODERNISM NATIONS EUROPE

8. Encyclicals - I23MATER.HTM - Christianity and Social Progress
Pope John XXIII

'Mater Et Magistra' Promulgated on May 15, 1961. Pope John XXIII says 'though the Church's first care must be for souls, she concerns herself too with the exigencies of man's daily life, with his livelihood and education, and his general, temporal welfare and prosperity. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL WORK FAMILY JUST SOCIAL PROGRESS CHRISTIANITY

9. Encyclicals - P9ETSIMU.HTM - Church in Italy, Germany, Switzerland
Pope Pius IX

'Etsi multa.' Encyclical of 21 Nov 1873. Pius denounces actions against the Church by the governments of Italy, Germany and Switzerland, and encourages Catholics by reminding them of the indefectibility of the Church. PIUS IX GREGORIAN UNIVERSITY JURA PRUSSIA REINKENS

10. Encyclicals - P9QUANTA.HTM - Condemning Current Errors
Pope Pius IX

'Quanta Cura' Encyclical promulgated on December 8, 1864. ERRORS PIUS IX NATURALISM LIBERTY SOCIALISM COMMUNISM PUBLIC OPINION ENCYCLICAL

11. Encyclicals - P12DATIS.HTM - Condemning the Ruthless Use of Force in Hungary
Pope Pius XII

'Datis Nuperrime' Promulgated on November 5, 1956. Lamenting the sorrowful events in Hungary and condemning the ruthless use of force. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL BLOOD FREEDOM JUSTICE LIBERTY HUNGARY

12. Encyclicals - b16deuscaritas.htm - Deus Caritas Est
Pope Benedict XVI

The purpose of his first encyclical, according to the the Holy Father, Benedict XVI, was to recover the meaning of the word "love." Though the word has become tarnished through misuse, "we cannot simply abandon it, we must take it up again, purify it and give back to it its original splendor so that it might illuminate our life and lead it on the right path." The encyclical is divided into two parts, the first on God's love in creation and salvation, ultimately given a human face in Christ. The second part is on ecclesial charity. EROS AGAPE PHILIA SEX FAITH SHEMA TORAH LOGOS

13. Encyclicals - B14UBIPR.HTM - Duties of Bishops
Pope Benedict XIV

'Ubi Primum' Encyclical of 3 Dec 1740. Exhorts bishops to ensure that their clergy are worthy, to establish and or enlarge seminaries if necessasry, to visit the parishes of their dioceses regularly, and in general to be true pastors of their flocks. BENEDICT XIV BISHOPS SEMINARIES CLERGY

14. Encyclicals - JP2EUCHA.HTM - Ecclesia de Eucharistia
Pope John Paul II

Signed by the Holy Father at the Mass of the Lord's Supper, 17 April 2003, this encyclical replaced his customary Holy Thursday letter to priests, and was addressed to the whole of the Catholic Church. His exposition of the centrality of the Eucharist in the life of the Church is intended to remedy the liturgical abuses and heterodox teachings that are found in some places. "It is my hope that the present Encyclical Letter will effectively help to banish the dark clouds of unacceptable doctrine and practice, so that the Eucharist will continue to shine forth in all its radiant mystery." EUCHARISTIC PASCHAL MYSTERY TRIDUUM SACRIFICE BANQUET PRESENCE MASS COMMUNION ADORATION APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION PRIESTHOOD ECUMENICAL ART ARCHITECTURE CULTURE MARY

15. Encyclicals - b16caritas.htm - Encyclical Letter Caritas in Veritate
Pope Benedict XVI

This is the first social encyclical of Pope Benedict XVI, which offers an analysis of the current economic crisis. It is a reflection on the conditions necessary for "integral development," returning to themes found in "Populorum Progressio," written by Pope Paul VI in 1967. It was presented at a press conference in the late morning of 7 July 2009. CHARITY TRUTH SOCIAL DOCTRINE LOGOS AGAPE HUMAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY VOCATION PERSON IDEOLOGIES ECONOMY TRADE UNIONS CULTURES POVERTY RIGHT TO LIFE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM FRATERNITY CIVIL SOCIETY MARKET GRATUITOUSNESS COMMUTATIVE DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE GLOBALIZATION ENVIRONMENT POPULATION GROWTH FAMILY

16. Encyclicals - L13JUB.HTM - Encyclical Proclaiming an Extraordinary Jubilee
Pope Leo XIII

'Quod Auctoritate' Promulgated on December 22, 1885. PENANCE GOSPEL PRAYER VIRTUE ZEAL MARY EVIL LEO XIII

17. Encyclicals - JP2EVANG.HTM - Evangelium Vitae
Pope John Paul II

The Encyclical Gospel of Life, on the value and inviolability of human life. Given in Rome on March 25, 1995. JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL LIFE SEX ABORTION EUTHANASIA ELDERLY DYING VIOLENCE

18. Encyclicals - L12CHARI.HTM - Extending Jubilee to Entire Church
Pope Leo XII

'Charitate Christi' Encyclical of 25 Dec 1825. Leo extends the jubilee of 1825, with the accompanying indulgences. He speaks of the severity of penances in the earlier Church, the easier requirements now in effect, indulgences, penance, the Sabbath, threats to the Church and society, supervision of clerics, and care for those in need. JUBILEE PENANCE INDULGENCE SABBATH ORPHANS POOR

19. Encyclicals - JP2FIDES.HTM - Fides et ratio
Pope John Paul II

The Pope's encyclical addresses the question of whether "faith and reason" (the encyclical's title) are compatible. He also undertakes a critical analysis of the state of contemporary philosophy, which has fallen in many cases into relativism and subjectivism, encouraging a recovery of the authentic nature of this important discipline, especially as it relates to theology. In addition to being a magisterial statement, in this encyclical the Pope's great personal competence in philosophy and acquaintance with the current situation is clearly evident.

20. Encyclicals - B14AQUO.HTM - Jews and Christians
Pope Benedict XIV

'A Quo Primum' Encyclical of 14 Jun 1751. Places restrictions on the position of Jews in Christian society in response to the Jewish oppression of Polish Christians. Yet he quotes St. Bernard that Jews are not to be 'persecuted, slaughtered, or driven out.' BENEDICT XIV POLAND JEWS

21. Encyclicals - f1lumfidei.htm - Lumen Fidei - Light of Faith
Pope Francis

Begun by Pope Benedict XVI and finished and issued by Pope Francis, this Encyclical completes Pope Benedict's trilogy on the theological virtues. It is divided into four parts, the first moving from the faith of Abraham to the faith of Israel, the second raising the qustion of truth as central to faith, the third, the transmission of this faith as the mission of the Church, and the fourth, the impact of this faith on the world at large. LIGHT REASON LOVE MEDIATION MOSES JESUS CHRIST SALVATION HEARING SIGHT SACRAMENTS AUGUSTINE THEOLOGY BAPTISM EUCHARIST DECALOGUE UNITY COMMON GOOD FAMILY SOCIETY SUFFERING MARY

22. Encyclicals - B14QUOD.HTM - Mohammedan Names
Pope Benedict XIV

'Quod Provinciale' Encyclical of 1 Aug 1754. Forbids Christians living in Moslem territories to take or use Mohammedan names to avoid taxation and other persecution. BENEDICT XIV SERBIA MOHAMMEDANISM ISLAM PERSECUTION

23. Encyclicals - JP2MOTHE.HTM - Mother of the Redeemer
Pope John Paul II

'Redemptoris Mater' Promulgated on March 25, 1987. Discusses Mary's role in the economy of salvation, particularly reflecting upon that 'pilgrimage of faith' in which 'the Blessed Virgin advanced,' faithfully preserving her union with Christ. The Pope emphasizes the historical significance of the 'twofold bond' which unites the Mother of God with Christ and with the Church. JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL MARY MOTHER REDEEMER SALVATION

24. Encyclicals - B14ALLAT.HTM - Observance of Oriental Rites
Pope Benedict XIV

'Allatae Sunt' Encyclical of 26 Jul 1755. Chiefly concerning the practices of the uniate Churches; also summarizes the history of relations with the schismatic Greek churches. For the uniate Churches, the Pope shows that the constant policy of Rome has been respect, but strict separation of rites. BENEDICT XIV ORIENTAL CHURCHES EASTERN RITE

25. Encyclicals - P7DIUSAT.HTM - On a Return to Gospel Principles
Pope Pius VII

'Diu satis.' Encyclical of 15 May 1800. Pius speaks of various threats to the Church, including 'false apostles' who corrupt the young, and heretical books. PIUS VII MARTIN I CARDINALS YOUTH BOOKS DISCIPLINE WEALTH

26. Encyclicals - C14DECET.HTM - On Abuses in Taxes & Benefices
Pope Clement XIV

'Decet quam maxime' Encyclical of 21 Sept. 1769. Written to aid the Bishops of Sardinia in combatting simony in their dioceses. CLEMENT XIV STIPEND BENEFICE SALARY EMOLUMENT

27. Encyclicals - P9PRAEDE.HTM - On Aid for Ireland
Pope Pius IX

'Praedecessores nostros' Encyclical of 25 Mar 1847. Pius calls upon the bishops of the world to proclaim three days of public prayer for the Irish, who were suffering from persecutions, famine and disease. He also urges them to collect alms for the their relief. PIUS IX IRELAND ALMS WEALTH

28. Encyclicals - P11DIVIN.HTM - On Atheistic Communism
Pope Pius XI

'Divini Redemptoris' Promulgated on March 19, 1937. MARX COMMUNISM PIUS XI LIBERALISM

29. Encyclicals - G16INTER.HTM - On Biblical Societies
Pope Gregory XVI

'Inter praecipuas' Encyclical of 8 May 1844. Gregory condemns non-Catholic biblical societies devoted to spreading vernacular translations of the Bible among the Catholic laity, and thus leading them away from the Faith by false translation and interpretation. GREGORY XVI BIBLICAL SOCIETIES BIBLE VERNACULAR CHRISTIAN LEAGUE

30. Encyclicals - L13BCT.HTM - On Boycotting in Ireland
Pope Leo XIII

'Saepe Nos' Promulgated on June 24, 1888. OBEDIENCE PEACE DIVINE LAW CHARITY JUSTICE IRELAND

31. Encyclicals - L13RERUM.HTM - On Capital and Labor
Pope Leo XIII

'Rerum Novarum' Promulgated on May 15, 1891. Analysis of social conditions in the late 19th century. The Pope's emphasis on social justice for workers marked a significant change from the perceived traditional ecclesiastical alignment with the aristocracy. SMITH EMPLOYER EMPLOYEE WORKING CONDITIONS MARX INDUSTRY

32. Encyclicals - P9CUMNUP.HTM - On Care for Clerics
Pope Pius IX

'Cum nuper.' Encyclical of 20 Jan 1858. Writing to the bishops of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Pius grieves for the victims of recent earthquakes there, and commens the people to good morals to prevent future scourges. He comdemns the excesses of some of the clergy, gives guidelines for who should be ordained, and speaks of the responsibilities of the clergy. PIUS IX SICILY CLERGY

33. Encyclicals - B14CUMRE.HTM - On Catechesis
Pope Benedict XIV

'Cum Religiosi' Encyclical of 26 Jun 1754. To the bishops of Italy, exhorting them to continue their diligence in ensuring that all the faithful know the fundamentals of the faith. BENEDICT XIV CATECHESIS MARRIAGE IMPEDIMENTS

34. Encyclicals - P10FERMO.HTM - On Catholic Action in Italy
Pope Pius X

'Il Fermo Proposito' Promulgated on June 11, 1905. CIVILIZATION STATE SOCIETY CHRIST APOSTLE VIRTUE UNION BISHOP

35. Encyclicals - P11FAC.HTM - On Catholic Action in Italy
Pope Pius XI

'Non Abbiamo Bisogno' Promulgated on June 29, 1931. This encyclical was written to counter the attacks on 'truth and justice' caused by the encroachment of fascism on Italy. These attacks were manifested by false and unjust accusations, followed by the disbanding of Catholic Youth Associations and other organizations associated with Catholic Action, and also by acts ofbrutality and violence resulting in bloodshed. PIUS XI FASCISM CATHOLIC ACTION ITALY

36. Encyclicals - P11REREC.HTM - On Catholic Missions
Pope Pius XI

'Rerum Ecclesiae' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on February 28, 1926. PIUS XI ENCYCLICAL MISSIONS CHARITY NATIVES

37. Encyclicals - L13GER.HTM - On Catholicism in Germany
Pope Leo XIII

'Iampridem' Promulgated on January 6, 1886. CHURCH BISHOPS SEMINARIES CIVIL AUTHORITES MISSIONS GERMANY

38. Encyclicals - L13BEL.HTM - On Catholics in Belgium
Pope Leo XIII

'Licet Multa' Promulgated on August 3, 1881. JUSTICE CHURCH THOMAS AQUINAS PHILOSOPHY STATE

39. Encyclicals - B15ANIPL.HTM - On Children of Central Europe
Pope Benedict XV

'Annus iam pelnus' Promulgated on December 1, 1920. CHILDREN NECESSITIES POVERTY MISERY

40. Encyclicals - L13GRCOM.HTM - On Christian Democracy
Pope Leo XIII

Graves De Communi Re Promulgated on January 18, 1901. DEMOCRACY CHRISTIAN DEMOCRACY SOCIETY MERCY LIBERTY SOCIAL ACTION LEO XIII

41. Encyclicals - L13EDU.HTM - On Christian Education
Pope Leo XIII

'Spectata Fides' Promulgated on November 27, 1885. SCHOOLS FAITH PARENTS EDUCATION CHILDREN

42. Encyclicals - P11DIVIL.HTM - On Christian Education
Pope Pius XI

'Divini Illius Magistri' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI on the Christian Education of Youth, promulgated December 31, 1929.

43. Encyclicals - P11CASTI.HTM - On Christian Marriage
Pope Pius XI

'Casti Connubii' Promulgated on December 31, 1930. Encyclical on the nature and dignity of Christian marriage. The Pope covers the advantages and benefits which accrue from it to the family and to human society itself, errors contrary to this most important point of the Gospel teaching, vices opposed to conjugal union, and the principal remedies to be applied. MARRIAGE FAMILY CHILDREN SACRAMENT PIUS XI

44. Encyclicals - L13CMR.HTM - On Christian Marriage
Pope Leo XIII

'Arcanum' Pope Leo XIII says 'there would be a calm and quiet constancy in marriage if married people would gather strength and life from the virtue of religion alone;... for religion would enable them to bear tranquilly and even gladly the trials of their state.' The Pope discusses the ends of marriage and the great evil of divorce. Promulgated on February 10, 1893. ADAM FAMILY HUSBAND WIFE JESUS JEWS DIVORCE FORNICATION MARRIAGE CIVIL

45. Encyclicals - L13SAPIE.HTM - On Christians as Citizens
Pope Leo XIII

'Sapientiae Christian' Promulgated on January 10, 1890. It exhorts Catholics to follow right principles in the roles they play in the larger social and cultural order. LIBERTY AUTHORITY POLITICS RIGHTS DUTIES RELIGION

46. Encyclicals - G16COMMI.HTM - On Church and State
Pope Gregory XVI

'Commissum divinitus' Encyclical of 17 May 1835. Gregory condemns the articles passed by an assembly at Baden concerning the relationship of Church and state, and sets forth the correct view of aspects of this problem. GREGORY XVI ARTICLE OF BADEN SACRAMENTS PACACY RELIGOUS BISHOPS

47. Encyclicals - L13QUAMR.HTM - On Civil Marriage Law
Pope Leo XIII

'Quam Religiosa' Promulgated on August 16, 1898. MARRIAGE LAW CIVIL PERU DOCTRINE FAMILY LEO XIII

48. Encyclicals - G16CUMPR.HTM - On Civil Obedience
Pope Gregory XVI

'Cum primum' Encyclical of 29 Jun 1832. Gregory writes to the Polish bishops to combat the error of certain men who under the pretext of religion were inciting disobedience and rebellion against civil authority. GREGORY XVI POLAND GOVERNMENT CIVIL AUTHORITY DISOBEDIENCE

49. Encyclicals - P12ANNI.HTM - On Combating Atheistic Propaganda
Pope Pius XII

'Anni Sacri' Promulgated on March 12, 1950. On a program for combatting atheistic propoganda throughout the world. On the need for zealous prayer and action to insure that the rights of religion, and especially of the Catholic Church, are respected by the government and the media. PRESS CENSORSHIP PROPAGANDA PIUS XII MEDIA

50. Encyclicals - P12APOST.HTM - On Communism and the Church in China
Pope Pius XII

'Ad Apostolorum Principis' Promulgated on June 29, 1958. On communism and the Church in China. On the authority of the Church, the consecration of bishops, and the duty of patriotism, as regards the relations between the Apostolic See and the Chinese Patriotic Church. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL COMMUNISM CHINA CIVIL CONSECRATION PATRIOTISM

51. Encyclicals - L13ITL.HTM - On Conditions in Italy
Pope Leo XIII

'Etsi Nos' Promulgated on February 15, 1882. LIBERTY APOSTOLIC SEE ROME CHURCH STATE APOSTASY PUBLICATIONS BISHOPS

52. Encyclicals - L13SPN.HTM - On Conditions in Spain
Pope Leo XIII

'Cum Multa' Promulgated December 8, 1882. RELIGION POLITICS BISHOPS AUTHORITY CATHOLIC PRESS SPAIN

53. Encyclicals - P12SACRA.HTM - On Consecrated Virginity
Pope Pius XII

'Sacra Virginitas' Promulgated on March 25, 1954. Encyclical in which the Pope calls virginity 'the among the most precious treasures which the Founder of the Church has left in heritage to the society which He established. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL VIRGINITY CHASTITY CELIBACY MODESTY

54. Encyclicals - L13ANNUM.HTM - On Consecration to the Sacred Heart
Pope Leo XIII

Annum Sacrum Promulgated on May 25, 1899. SACRED HEART CHARITY LOVE HEART FERVOR DEVOTION LEO XIII

55. Encyclicals - B15SUMMO.HTM - On Dante
Pope Benedict XV

'In praeclara summorum' Promulgated on April 30, 1921. DANTE LITERATURE DIVINE COMEDY POETRY HEAVEN HELL PURGATORY

56. Encyclicals - L13SUPRE.HTM - On Devotion of the Rosary
Pope Leo XIII

'Supremi Apostolatus Officio' Promulgated on September 1, 1883. This encyclical testifys to the rosary's venerability and power, and exhorts the faithful to its frequent use. QUEEN OUR LADY MARY PRAYER PRIVATE DEVOTION

57. Encyclicals - L13JOS.HTM - On Devotion to St. Joseph
Pope Leo XIII

'Quamquam Pluries' Promulgated August 15, 1889, to encourage our devotion to St. Joseph. MARY PATRON OF THE CHURCH MARRIAGE DIGNITY GUARDIAN JESUS TRUST FATHERS

58. Encyclicals - P12HAURI.HTM - On Devotion to the Sacred Heart
Pope Pius XII

'Haurietis Aquas' Promulgated on May 15, 1956. Given on the centenary of Pius IX's proclamation ordering the celebration of the feast throughout the whole Church. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL SACRED HEART MARGARET MARY DEVOTION FEAST

59. Encyclicals - P9NEMOCE.HTM - On Discipline for Clergy
Pope Pius IX

'Nemo certe ignorat' Encyclical of 25 Mar 1952. Pius urges the bishops of Ireland to unite among themselves, and with the bishops of England and Scotland, to resist current evils. He encourages them in their efforts to found Catholic University of Ireland, and speaks of the life and duties of clerics. PIUS IX IRELAND QUEENS COLLEGES TULLAMORE

60. Encyclicals - P9UBIPR1.HTM - On Discipline for Religious
Pope Pius IX

'Ubi primum' Encyclical of 17 Jun 1847. Pius praises religious orders, and exhorts their members to ignore the attractions of the world and remain faithful to their calling. He announces the establishment of the Congregation on the State of Regulars to help oversee the renewal of discipline within the orders. PIUS IX REGULAR ORDERS RELIGIOUS ORDERS

61. Encyclicals - P9OPTIM2.HTM - On Episcopal Meetings
Pope Pius IX

'Optime noscitis.' Encyclical of 5 Nov 1855. Writing to the bishops of the Austrian Empire, Pius praises the piety and zeal of the Church of Emperor Franz Josef, and, following on a recent agreement of the same with the Holy See, urges the clergy of the Empire to provide for the good of their people by holding provincial and diocesan synods, etc. PIUS IX AUSTRIA FRANZ JOSEF SYNODS

62. Encyclicals - L13AUS.HTM - On Episcopal Reunions in Austria
Pope Leo XIII

'In Ipso' Promulgated on March 3, 1891. CHURCH BISHOPS RELIGION STATE FAITH TRENT PUBLICATIONS WORKERS

63. Encyclicals - JP2MISSI.HTM - On Evangelization
Pope John Paul II

'Redemptoris Missio' Issued on December 7, 1990. The present document has as its goal an interior renewal of faith and Christian life. The Pope seeks to inspire us to renew the Church by missionary activity since faith is strengthened when it is given to others. SALVATION KINGDOM RESURRECTION MANDATE COMMUNITY WITNESS CONVERSION

64. Encyclicals - P12HUMAN.HTM - On Evolution
Pope Pius XII

'Humani Generis' Promulgated on August 12, 1950. Encyclical concerning some false opinions threatening to undermine the foundations of Catholic doctrine. EVOLUTION SCRIPTURE POLYGENISM ORIGINAL SIN PIUS XII

65. Encyclicals - P9QUIPLU.HTM - On Faith and Religion
Pope Pius IX

'Qui pluribus' Encyclical of 9 Nov 1846. Pius, upon assuming the pontificate, writes to the bishops concerning the errors of modern times concerning faith and religion. He speaks at lenght concerning the clergy, especially their education and duties. PIUS IX HERESY FAITH REASON HUMANISM INDIFFERENTISM CELIBACY CLERGY

66. Encyclicals - L13HUMAN.HTM - On Freemasonry
Pope Leo XIII

'Humanum Genus' Promulgated on April 20, 1884. This encyclical provides a definitive statement on Freemasonry, its opposition to the Church, and the response of Catholics. NATURALISM SECRET CONSPIRACY CIVIL POLITICS ASSOCIATION MYSTERY

67. Encyclicals - L13MS3.HTM - On Freemasonry
Pope Leo XIII

'Custodi Di Quella Fede' Promulgated on December 8, 1892. CHURCH SOULS SOCIETY GOSPEL EVILS AUTHORITY RIGHTS SUPERNATURAL SALVATION

68. Encyclicals - L13MS4.HTM - On Freemasonry
Pope Leo XIII

'Inimica Vis' Promulgated on December 8, 1892. SOCIETY FAITH STATE CLERGY SALVATION IGNORANCE EVILS

69. Encyclicals - L13MS1.HTM - On Freemasonry in Italy
Pope Leo XIII

'Dall'alto Dell'apostolico Seggio' Promulgated on October 15, 1890. FAITH SATAN WAR PROPERTY CLERGY EDUCATION MARRIAGE RELIGION CHURCH

70. Encyclicals - P10FR.HTM - On French Associations of Worship
Pope Pius X

'Gravissimo Officii Munere' Promulgated on August 10, 1906. CHURCH PEACE LAW BISHOPS FRANCE

71. Encyclicals - P11MAXIM.HTM - On French Diocesan Associations
Pope Pius XI

'Maximam Gravissimamque' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on January 18, 1924. PIUS XI FRENCH ASSOCIATIONS

72. Encyclicals - L12UBIPR.HTM - On His Assuming the Pontificate
Pope Leo XII

'Ubi primum' Encyclical of 5 May 1824. Leo calls the bishops to be good pastors, decries religious indifferentism, and condemns the Bible Society for distributing indiscriminately its own translations of the Bible to the common people, without regard for the possibility of misinterpretation. LEO XII BISHOPS RESIDENCE VISITATION INDIFFERENTISM BIBLE SOCIETY VERNACULAR

73. Encyclicals - P8TRADIT.HTM - On His Program for the Pontificate
Pope Pius VIII

'Traditi humilitati.' Encyclical of 24 May 1829. Pius speaks of a number of problems facing the Church as he begins his pontificate. GREGORY XVI CLERGY HERESY INDIFFERENTISM SEMINARIANS YOUTH BOOKS MARRIAGE

74. Encyclicals - P11QUINQ.HTM - On His Sacerdotal Jubilee
Pope Pius XI

'Quinquagesimo Ante' Encyclical of 23 Dec 1929. The Pope marks his fiftieth year as a priest by reviewing the successes of his pontificate and extending a special period of indulgence which he had previously granted. PIUS XI JUBILEE FIFTIETH

75. Encyclicals - P6HUMANA.HTM - On Human Life
Pope Paul VI

Humanae Vitae, promulgated July 25, 1968. Famous encyclical on the proper and improper use of marriage and sex. Condemns artificial birth control, abortion, etc. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL HUMAN LIFE LOVE CONJUGAL MARRIAGE BIRTH CONTROL CONTRACEPTION ABORTION

76. Encyclicals - JP2LABOR.HTM - On Human Work
Pope John Paul II

'Laborem Exercens' Promulgated on September 14, 1981. This encyclical is one of four recent documents (by Pope John Paul II) which serve as a framework of analysis for the socio-political questions of the day. The Pope devotes this document to human work and to man in the vast context of the reality of work. Written on the ninetieth anniversary of Leo XIII's 'Rerum Novarum'. JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL HUMAN WORK LABOR SOCIAL JUSTICE PROPERTY SOCIETY

77. Encyclicals - C13INDOM.HTM - On Instruction in the Faith
Pope Clement XIII

'In Dominico agro,' Encyclical of 14 Jun. 1761. Clement speaks of the difficulties of formulating doctrine. He says that the faithful should not be instructed in controverted matters of theology, but only in certain doctrine. He praises the Roman Catechism, and finally enumerates the qualities of a good teacher. TEACHING DOCTRINE ROMAN CATECHISM TEACHERS

78. Encyclicals - L13IMI.HTM - On Italian Immigrants
Pope Leo XIII

'Quam Aerumnosa' Promulgated on December 10, 1888. TRADERS LANGUAGE WORLD RELIGION ITALIAN TONGUE MORALITY CHARITY PRIESTS

79. Encyclicals - L13TAMET.HTM - On Jesus Christ the Redeemer
Pope Leo XIII

Tametsi Futura Prospicientibus Promulgated on November 1, 1900. JESUS CHRIST REDEEMER TRUTH WAY LIFE LEO XIII

80. Encyclicals - P10LAB.HTM - On Labor Organizations
Pope Pius X

'Singulari Quadam' Promulgated on September 24, 1912. TRUTH RERUM NOVARUM BISHOPS CHURCH CHARITY LABOR ORGANIZATIONS

81. Encyclicals - G16MIRAR.HTM - On Liberalism & Indifferentism
Pope Gregory XVI

'Mirari vos' Encyclical of 15 Aug 1832. Gregory condemns mistaken notions of modern times such as disregard for Church discipline, rejection of papal authority, clerical celibacy, and marriage, indifferentism, freedom of conscience, freedom of the press. He also speaks of the divine origin of all authority. GREGORY XVI LIBERALISM INDIFFERENTISM DISCIPLINE CONSCIENCE PRESS AUTHORITY

82. Encyclicals - B14MAGNA.HTM - On Marriage Impediments
Pope Benedict XIV

'Magnae Nobis' Encyclical 29 Jun 29 1748. Comdemns marriages of Catholics with heretics. BENEDICT XIV MARRIAGE IMPEDIMENTS HERETICS

83. Encyclicals - L13MULTA.HTM - On Marriage Legislation
Pope Leo XIII

Dum Multa Promulgated on December 24, 1902. MARRIAGE ECUADOR SACRAMENT LAW FAMILY LEO XIII

84. Encyclicals - L13MIS.HTM - On Mission Societies
Pope Leo XIII

'Sancta Dei Civitas' Promulgated on December 3, 1880. BISHOPS GOSPEL CHARITY SOULS WORLD MISSIONS

85. Encyclicals - G16QUASV.HTM - On Mixed Marriages
Pope Gregory XVI

'Quas vestro' Encyclical of 20 Apr 1841. Greogry writes to the prelates of Hungary condemning mixed marriages and encouraging them to eradicate this evil. GREGORY XVI HUNGARY MIXED MARRIAGES

86. Encyclicals - G16SUMMO.HTM - On Mixed Marriages
Pope Gregory XVI

'Summo iugiter studio' Encyclical of 27 May 1832. Gregory condemns the practice of mixed marriages, especially in Bavaria. GREGORY XVI MIXED MARRIAGES BAVARIA LOUIS DIVORCE

87. Encyclicals - P11VIGIL.HTM - On Motion Pictures
Pope Pius XI

'Vigilanti Cura' Encyclical of 29 Jun 1936. The Pope reminds the Bishops of the dangers proposed to morals by motion picutres, praises the initiative taken by the Bishops of the United States in establishing the Legion of Decency, and orders the Bishops of each nation to establish an Office to provide Catholic motion picture ratings. PIUS XI MOTION PICTURES MOVIES LEGION OF DECENCY

88. Encyclicals - C13CUMPR.HTM - On Observing Canonical Sanctions
Pope Clement XIII

'Cum primum,' Encyclical of 17 Sept. 1759. Clement condemns clergy who seek wealth, and imposes penalties. He condemns erroneous interpretations of Canon Law in these matters, and forbids money changing and other abuses by priests. CLEMENT XIII PRIESTS BUSINESS GREED

89. Encyclicals - P11NOBIS.HTM - On Oppression of the Church of Spain
Pope Pius XI

'Dilectissima Nobis' Encyclical of 3 Jun 1933 to the persecuted Church of Spain. The Pope notes the advantage of the unrestricted activity of the Church to the social order, decries the separation of Church and state and other crimes against the Church, which are signs of an attempt to destroy Religion. PIUS XI SPAIN PERSECUTION LAICISM RELIGIOUS CONGREGATIONS TAXES

90. Encyclicals - B15PULCH.HTM - On Peace and Christian Reconciliation
Pope Benedict XV

'Pacem, Dei munus pulcherrimum' Promulgated on May 23, 1920. PEACE CHRISTIAN RECONCILIATION NATIONS WAR EUROPE BROTHERHOOD

91. Encyclicals - P9INCRED.HTM - On Persecution in New Granada
Pope Pius IX

'Incredibili.' Encyclical 17 Sep 1863. Pius, writing to the bishops of New Granada, decries the persecution to which the Church of that nation is subject, and laments that some clerics have sided with the government. He condemns the government, calls on its leaders to repent, and exhorts the Church to prayer. PIUS IX NEW GRANADA PERSECUTION

92. Encyclicals - P11ANIMI.HTM - On Persecution of the Church in Mexico
Pope Pius XI

'Acerba animi' Pius XI's encyclical of 29 Sept 1932 to the Mexican hierarchy, lamenting the persecution of the Church in Mexico and offering prayers and encouragement to all or the country's Catholics. PIUS XI MEXICO

93. Encyclicals - P9QUINUP.HTM - On Pontifical States
Pope Pius IX

'Qui nuper.' Encyclical of 18 Jun 1859. Pius informs the bishops of the rebellions taking place in the papal states, and asks their prayers. PIUS IX PAPAL STATES

94. Encyclicals - P10GREG.HTM - On Pope Gregory the Great
Pope Pius X

'Lucunda Sane' Promulgated on March 12, 1904. ENGLAND LATERAN COUNCIL PRIEST CHURCH HOLINESS MORALITY SALVATION ZEAL APOSTLES CHARITY SCIENCE

95. Encyclicals - P12LAETA.HTM - On Prayers for Peace for Poland, Hungary and the Middle East
Pope Pius XII

'Laetamur Admodum' Promulgated on November 1, 1956. The Pope renews His exhortation for prayers for peace in Poland, Hungary, and the Middle East. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL MINDSZENTY WYSZYNSKI POLAND HUNGARY MIDDLE EAST

96. Encyclicals - P12MULTI.HTM - On Prayers for Peace in Palestine
Pope Pius XII

'In Multiplicibus Curis' Promulgated on October 24, 1948. WAR BLESSED VIRGIN PALESTINE PIUS XII

97. Encyclicals - P12LUCTU.HTM - On Prayers for the People of Hungary
Pope Pius XII

'Luctuosissimi Eventus' Promulgated on October 28, 1956. Encyclical of Pius XII urging public prayers for peace and freedom for the people of Hungary. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL PEACE FREEDOM PRAYER JUSTICE FAITH HUNGARY

98. Encyclicals - P12MEMIN.HTM - On Prayers for the Persecuted Church
Pope Pius XII

'Meminisse Iuvat' Promulgated on July 14, 1958. Encyclical on prayers for the persecuted Church in Eastern Europe and in Asia. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL PRAYER EASTERN EUROPE CHURCH ASIA PERSECUTE WAR

99. Encyclicals - P6CHRIST.HTM - On Prayers to Mary for Peace
Pope Paul VI

'Christi Matri' Promulgated Sept. 15, 1966. Exhorts leaders to contrive by negotiation a peace 'based on justice and freedom for mankind.' Encourages the faithful to deepen their devotion to the Mother of Christ as the evils of the world increase. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL WAR PEACE MOTHER MARY DEVOTION PRAY ROSARY GOD

100. Encyclicals - P6MONTH.HTM - On Praying to Mary During May
Pope Paul VI

'Mense Maio' Promulgated April 30, 1965. Urges the faithful to pray to Mary more than ever during the month of May, and in connection with this exhorts all to seek peace by negotiation and prayer. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL MARY MAY LADY WAR PEACE PRAY

101. Encyclicals - B15HUMAN.HTM - On Preaching the Word of God
Pope Benedict XV

'Humani Generis' Promulgated on June 15, 1917. TRENT APOSTLES VOCATION BISHOPS TRUTH PRAYER ZEAL GOD'S WILL

102. Encyclicals - P9AMANT1.HTM - On Priests and the Care of Souls
Pope Pius IX

'Amantissimi Redemptoris.' Encyclical of 3 May 1858. Pius speaks of the benefits of the Mass, and the obligation of offering and attending Mass He lays down a new ruling on when Mass must be offered. PIUX IX PRIESTS MASS

103. Encyclicals - P12DIVIN.HTM - On Promoting Biblical Studies
Pope Pius XII

'Divino Afflante Spiritu' Promulgated on September 30, 1943. Condemns several errors of biblical criticism and stresses the need to use modern science and methods of criticism in exegesis. CANONICAL REVELATION SACRED BOOKS ERROR SCRIPTURE ORIGINAL TEXTS LEO XIII TRENT WRITING SEMINARIES

104. Encyclicals - P12EVANG.HTM - On Promotion of Catholic Missions
Pope Pius XII

'Evangelii Praecones' Promulgated on June 2, 1951. Encouragement and guidelines for spiritual and social missionaries, with reference to the history of mission work in the Church. CLERGY NATIVE PERSECUTIONS PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH MISSIONS PIUS XII

105. Encyclicals - P9QUANTO.HTM - On Promotion of False Doctrines
Pope Pius IX

'Quanto conficiamur moerore.' Encyclical of 10 Aug 1863. Pius laments the attacks of unbelief, indifferentism and liberalism on the Church, and calls for renewed prayers. PIUS IX INDIFFERENTISM LIBERALISM INVINCIBLE IGNORANCE

106. Encyclicals - L13EAS.HTM - On Propagation of the Faith & Eastern Churches
Pope Leo XIII

'Christi Nomen' Promulgated on December 24,1894. Pope Leo XIII begins this encyclical by saying that 'Our first duty is to spread the name and reign of Christ more widely every day, and to call back the mutinous and the wandering to the bosom of the Church.' He says that they must be supplied with an abundance of holy ministers, schools must be opened and literature made available. Suitable aid to ensure these plans must come principal

107. Encyclicals - P12OPTAT.HTM - On Public Prayers for Peace
Pope Pius XII

'Optatissima Pax' Promulgated on December 18, 1947. Encyclical on prescribing public prayers for social and world peace. NATIONS WEALTH MASSES STRIFE DUTY EVIL JESUS CHILDREN

108. Encyclicals - P12AUSPI.HTM - On Public Prayers for Peace (2)
Pope Pius XII

'Auspicia Quaedam' Promulgated on May 1, 1948. On public prayers for world peace and solution of the problem of Palestine. Exhorts the faithful to pray fervently for peace, especially in the Holy Places of Palestine. MOTHER HEART VIRTUES WAR LEO XIII PALESTINE

109. Encyclicals - P12MAERO.HTM - On Public Prayers for Peace(3)
Pope Pius XII

'Summi Maeroris' Promulgated on July 19, 1950. WAR WEAPONS ZEAL ARMS COMMANDMENTS MORALS

110. Encyclicals - P12INGRU.HTM - On Reciting the Rosary
Pope Pius XII

'Ingruentium Malorum' Promulgated on September 15, 1951. Pius XII urges us to 'to fly with greater confidence to the Mother of God. There, the Christian people have always sought chief refuge in the hour of danger, because 'she has been constituted the cause of salvation for the whole human race.' PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL ROSARY OCTOBER MOTHER MARY PRAYER

111. Encyclicals - P11QUADR.HTM - On Reconstruction of the Social Order
Pope Pius XI

'Quadragesimo Anno' Promulgated on May 15, 1931. RERUM NOVARUM LIBERALISM MORAL LAW PROPERTY OWNERSHIP CAPITAL LABOR SOCIALISM COMMUNISM

112. Encyclicals - L13GRVIS.HTM - On Religious Orders in Portugal
Pope Leo XIII

Gravissimas Promulgated on May 16, 1901. PORTUGAL RELIGIOUS ORDERS. LEO XIII

113. Encyclicals - L13RELUN.HTM - On Religious Union
Pope Leo XIII

'Pastoralis' Promulgated on June 25, 1891. BISHOPS FAITH RELIGION AUTHORITY STATE SOCIETY UNITY

114. Encyclicals - P11MORTA.HTM - On Religious Unity
Pope Pius XI

'Mortalium Animos' Promulgated on January 6, 1928. CHARITY NATURAL LAW APOSTLES GOSPEL EUCHARIST TRUTH SACRED HEART INDIFFERENTISM MARY PETER UNITY

115. Encyclicals - P11MISER.HTM - On Reparation to the Sacred Heart
Pope Pius XI

'Miserentissimus Redemptor' Promulgated on May 8, 1928. JASENIST CONSECRATION REPARATION EXPIATION ADAM PROPITIATION CHARITY SIN DEATH BAPTISM SLOTH

116. Encyclicals - JP2HUNDR.HTM - On Rerum Novarum
Pope John Paul II

'Centesimus Annus' Promulgated May 1, 1991. This encyclical is one of four recent documents (by Pope John Paul II) which serve as a framework of analysis for the socio-political questions of the day. The Pope issues an invitation to 'look back' at 'Rerum Novarum' in order to discover anew its richness and an invitation to 'look around' at the 'new things' which surround us. Finally, an invitation to 'look to the future' and reawaken our responsibility to procla

117. Encyclicals - L13CPH.HTM - On Restoring Christian Philosophy
Pope Leo XIII

'Aeterni Patris' Promulgated on August 4, 1879. WISDOM FAITH FATHERS GOSPEL THEOLOGY AUGUSTINE JEROME PAUL INTELLECT

118. Encyclicals - P12MUSIC.HTM - On Sacred Music
Pope Pius XII

'Musicae Sacrae' Promulgated on December 25, 1955. In this encyclical Pius XII gives an explanation of sacred music and anwers questions which have been raised and discussed during the past decades. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL GREGORIAN CHANT POLYPHONIC ORGAN LITURGY MUSIC

119. Encyclicals - L13NAT.HTM - On Seminaries for Native Clergy
Pope Leo XIII

'Ad Extremas' Promulgated on June 24, 1893. FAITH HINDUS PRIESTS INDIA GOSPEL SOULS PERSECUTION APOSTLES

120. Encyclicals - L13SLV.HTM - On Slavery in the Missions
Pope Leo XIII

'Catholicae Ecclesiae' Promulgated November 20, 1890. CHURCH AFRICA FREEDOM GOSPEL JUSTICE SLAVERY MISSIONS

121. Encyclicals - L13PERMO.HTM - On Social Conditions In Belgium
Pope Leo XIII

Permoti Nos Promulgated on July 10, 1895. BELGIUM MORALS CIVIL LAW LEO XIII

122. Encyclicals - P12INVIC.HTM - On St. Andrew Bobola
Pope Pius XII

'Invicti Athletae' Promulgated on May 16, 1957. On the 300th anniversary of the death of Andrew Bobola, the Pope desires the meditation of all Catholics on his martyrdom and holiness as a shining example of Christian fortitude. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL ANDREW BOBOLA ATHLETE FORTITUDE FAITH POLAND

123. Encyclicals - P10ANS.HTM - On St. Anselm of Aosta
Pope Pius X

'Communium Rerum' Promulgated on April 21, 1909. ST ANSELM SCRIPTURE HUMILITY PEACE DEVOTION CONTEMPLATION FAITH TRUTH

124. Encyclicals - P11SALUT.HTM - On St. Augustine
Pope Pius XI

'Ad Salutem' Encyclical of 30 Apr 1930. The Pope extols St. Augustine on the 15th centenary of the Saint's death, and urges the faithful to to honor, imitate, and learn from him. PIUS XI AUGUSTINE DOCTOR

125. Encyclicals - P12RADIA.HTM - On St. Benedict
Pope Pius XII

'Fulgens Radiatur' Promulgated on March 21, 1947. In this encyclical, on St. Benedict Pius XII says 'Whoever considers his celebrated life and studies in the light of the truth of history, the gloomy and stormy times in which he lived, will without doubt realise the truth of the divine promise which Christ made to the Apostles and to the society He founded `I am with you all days even to the consummation of the world.' ROME SUBIACO PERFECTION PROVIDENCE CASSINO GOS

126. Encyclicals - P12DOCTO.HTM - On St. Bernard of Clairvaux, the Last of the Fathers
Pope Pius XII

'Doctor Mellifluus' Promulgated on May 24, 1953. Calls forth the extraordinary love of God, zeal for the Faith and the pope, virtue, and devotion to Mary of St. Bernard, as an example for the present age. PIUS XII ENCYCLCIAL BERNARD CLAIRVAUX FATHER MARY

127. Encyclicals - P12FASTO.HTM - On St. Boniface
Pope Pius XII

'Ecclesiae Fastos' Promulgated on June 5, 1954. Recalls the missionary zeal of St. Boniface, who did much to spread the faith in Germany and Gaul, on the 12th centenary of his death. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL BONIFACE GERMANY GAUL BENEDICTINE MISSION

128. Encyclicals - B15INHAC.HTM - On St. Boniface
Pope Benedict XV

'In hac tanta' Promulgated on May 14, 1919. ST. BONIFACE GERMANY MISSION APOSTOLATE PREACH TEACH.

129. Encyclicals - P10CHA.HTM - On St. Charles Borromeo
Pope Pius X

'Editae Saepe' Promulgated on May 26, 1910. CHURCH HOLINESS SAINTS ERROR MYSTICAL CHARLES BORROMEO REFORMERS TRENT

130. Encyclicals - P12ORIEN.HTM - On St. Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria
Pope Pius XII

'Orientalis Ecclesiae' Promulgated on April 9, 1944. Pius XII gives an account of the 'spotless life, faith and virtue' of St. Cyril of Alexandria for 'the benefit of all, but especially of those who belong to the Eastern Church and therefore have good reason to be proud of this luminary of Christian wisdom, this valiant hero of the apostolate.' NESTORIUS MARY UNITY FORTITUDE CHARITY ANTIOCENE BISHOPS ORIENTAL ORTHODOX MONOPHYSITES

131. Encyclicals - B15FADIE.HTM - On St. Dominic
Pope Benedict XV

'Fausto appetente die' Promulgated on June 29, 1921. ST. DOMINIC SAINTS MARY ALBIGENSIANISM DOMINICANS ROSARY

132. Encyclicals - B15PRAPP.HTM - On St. Ephrem the Syrian
Pope Benedict XV

'Principi apostolorum Petro' Promulgated on October 5, 1920. EPHREM SYRIA FATHER SCRIPTURE DOCTOR EDESSA MARY PAPAL PRIMACY EASTERN

133. Encyclicals - L13FRC.HTM - On St. Francis of Assisi
Pope Leo XIII

'Auspicato Concessum' Promulgated on September 17, 1882. JESUS GOSPEL POVERTY CROSS STIGMATA THIRD ORDER SOCIALISM ST FRANCIS

134. Encyclicals - P11RITEX.HTM - On St. Francis of Assisi
Pope Pius XI

'Rite Expiatis' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on April 30, 1926. PIUS XI ENCYCLICAL FRANCIS ASSISI

135. Encyclicals - B15SPIRI.HTM - On St. Jerome
Pope Benedict XV

'Spiritus Paraclitus' Promulgated on September 15, 1920. Encyclical given to 'promote among the children of the Church, and especially among the clergy, assiduous and reverent study of the Bible.' INSPIRATION INERRANCY TRUTH HISTORY VULGATE JEROME SCRIPTURE

136. Encyclicals - I23SACER.HTM - On St. John Vianney
Pope John XXIII

'Sacerdotii Nostri Primordia' Promulgated on August 1, 1959. In this encyclical Pope John XXIII strives to help the clergy to foster and grow in friendship with Christ as the main source of the joy and fruitfulness of their priestly life. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL JOHN VIANNEY PRIEST CLERGY

137. Encyclicals - P11ECCLE.HTM - On St. Josaphat
Pope Pius XI

'Ecclesiam Dei' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on November 12, 1923. PIUS XI JOSAPHAT ENCYCLICAL

138. Encyclicals - I23AETER.HTM - On St. Leo the Great
Pope John XXIII

'Aeterna Dei Sapientia' Promulgated on November 11, 1961. This encyclical commemorates the fifteenth centennial of the death of Pope St. Leo I and focuses on the See of Peter as the center of Christian unity. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL SAINT LEO GREAT POPE SEE UNITY

139. Encyclicals - L13MILIT.HTM - On St. Peter Canisius
Pope Leo XIII

Militantis Ecclesiae Promulgated on August 1, 1897. CANISIUS JESUITS GERMANY SCHOOL EDUCATION CATECHISM PIETY LEO XIII

140. Encyclicals - P11STUDI.HTM - On St. Thomas Aquinas
Pope Pius XI

'Studiorum Ducem' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on June 29, 1923. PIUS XI THOMAS AQUINAS SUMMA THEOLOGICA

141. Encyclicals - L13CYM.HTM - On Sts. Cyril and Methodius
Pope Leo XIII

'Grande Munus' Promulgated on February 10, 1880. APOSTLES CONSTANTINOPLE MORAVIA FAITH ROME ST CYRIL ST METHODIUS

142. Encyclicals - P10CHDOC.HTM - On teaching Christian Doctrine
Pope Pius X

'Acerbo Nimis' Promulgated on April 15, 1905. IGNORANCE INTELLECT HOLINESS WILL PASTORS DUTY INSTRUCTION CATECHIST GRACE YOUTH LENT CONFRATERNITY OF CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE

143. Encyclicals - G16QUOGR.HTM - On the 'Pragmatic Constitution'
Pope Gregory XVI

'Quo graviora' Encyclical of 4 Oct 1833. Gregory Condemns priests in the the city of Offenburg, in the Rhineland, for agitating for disicplinary 'reforms' in the areas of celibacy, indulgences, stipends, the liturgy, etc. GREGORY XVI RHINELAND OFFENBURG MERSY REFORM CELIBACY INDULGENCES STIPENDS

144. Encyclicals - L13ABL.HTM - On the Abolition of Slavery
Pope Leo XIII

'In Plurimism' Promulgated on May 5, 1888. Occasioned by the fact that in Brazil many slaves were set free as part of the celebration of the Pope's 50th anniversary in the priesthood. BRAZIL SLAVERY SERVANTS LIBERTY AFRICA POPE ENCYCLICAL LEO XIII

145. Encyclicals - P9LEVATE.HTM - On the Afflictions of the Church
Pope Pius IX

'Levate.' Encyclical of 27 Oct 1867. Pius describes and condemns the evils perpetrated against the Church in Italy, Poland and Russia, commands public prayer throughout the Church, and grants a plenary indulgence to encourage participation. PIUS IX ITALY POLAND RUSSION ROMAN CATHOLIC ECCLEISATICAL COLLEGE CATHOLIC ACADEMY OF WARSAW

146. Encyclicals - B14EXOMN.HTM - On the Ap.Const. Unigenitus
Pope Benedict XIV

'Ex Omnibus' Encyclical of 16 Oct 1756. The question had arisen of whether those denying the authority of 'Unigenitus' should be refused viaticum. The Pope responds by issuing guidelines for the refusal of viaticum. BENEDICT XIV VIATICUM

147. Encyclicals - P9AMANT2.HTM - On the Care of the Churches
Pope Pius IX

'Amantissimus.' Encyclical of 8 Apr 1862. Pius, writing to the Eastern Bishops, speaks on papal authority, while reassuring them that Rome has no intention of forcing the Latin Rite on the Oriental. Churches. He announces the establishment of a new Congregation to manage the affairs of these Churches, and asks the bishops' cooperation. PIUS IX EASTERN RITES

148. Encyclicals - P9OPTIM1.HTM - On the Cath. University of Ireland
Pope Pius IX

'Optime noscitis.' Encyclical of 20 Mar 1854. Pius commands the Irish bishops to go ahead with their plans to found a Catholic University in Ireland and approves their choice of then Father John Henry Newman as rector of the proposed University. PIUS IX IRELAND NEWMAN CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND

149. Encyclicals - P11CATHO.HTM - On the Catholic Priesthood
Pope Pius XI

'Ad Catholici Sacerdotii' Promulgated on December 20, 1935. EDUCATION ST. PAUL TRENT SINS SACRAMENT PRAYER DIGNITY SALVATION CELIBACY ORIENTAL CHURCH OBEDIENCE STUDIES VIRTUE PHILOSOPHY VOCATION BISHOP CATHOLIC ACTION PARENTS SPIRITUAL EXERCISES

150. Encyclicals - L13CAT.HTM - On the Catholic University of America
Pope Leo XIII

'Magni Nobis' Promulgated on March 7, 1889. CHANCELLOR PHILOSOPHY THEOLOGY KNOWLEDGE CANON LAW CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY

151. Encyclicals - P6SACERD.HTM - On the Celibacy of the Priest
Pope Paul VI

'Sacerdotalis Caelibatus' Promulgated June 24, 1967. Defending the continued validity of celibacy in the priesthood in the modern Church. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL CELIBACY CLERGY VIRGINITY PRIEST MINISTRY CHARITY CHASTITY

152. Encyclicals - B15PAIDI.HTM - On the Children of Central Europe
Pope Benedict XV

'Paterno iam diu' Promulgated on November 24, 1919. EUROPE PEACE CHILDREN POVERTY HUMAN DIGNITY NECESSITIES

153. Encyclicals - L13STA.HTM - On the Christian Constitution of States
Pope Leo XIII

'Immortale Dei' Promulgated on November 1, 1885. CHURCH ST. AUGUSTINE GOSPEL SOCIETY AUTHORITY GOD JUSTICE NATURE REASON

154. Encyclicals - P6ECCLES.HTM - On the Church
Pope Paul VI

'Ecclesiam Suam.' Promulgated Aug. 6, 1964. On role of the Church in the world and the attitudes of the Church in relation to the world. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL CHURCH WORLD DOCTRINE AUTHORITY OBEDIENCE

155. Encyclicals - L13CST.HTM - On the Church and State in France
Pope Leo XIII

'Au Milieu Des Sollicitudes' Promulgated on February 16, 1892. LIBERTY RELIGION SOCIETY MORALITY CHRISTIANITY JESUS WORLD PEACE POWER

156. Encyclicals - P11BRENN.HTM - On the Church and the German Reich
Pope Pius XI

'Mit Brennender Sorge' Promulgated on March 19, 1937. STATE FAITH GOSPEL PRIMACY IMMORTALITY ORIGINAL SIN CROSS HUMILITY GRACE MORALITY YOUTH PRIESTS LAITY

157. Encyclicals - P9QUARTU.HTM - On the Church in Armenia
Pope Pius IX

'Quartus supra.' Encyclical of 6 Jan 1873. Pius discusses the new schism of certain Armenians in Constantinople, and advises the faithful not to be led astray. He also addresses the nature of schism. PIUS IX ARMENIA SCHISM CONSTANTINOPLE

158. Encyclicals - P9SINGUL.HTM - On the Church in Austria
Pope Pius IX

'Singulari quidem.' Encyclical of 17 Mar 1856. Pius praises the bishops of Austria for implementing Concordat between the Emporer Franz Josef and the Holy See; he then addresses various evils afflicting the Church, speaks of the true meaning of progress in the Church, on the education of clergy and youth, etc. PIUS IX AUSTRIA INDIFFERENTISM RATIONALISM SYNODS EASTER RITE

159. Encyclicals - P9VIXDUM.HTM - On the Church in Austria
Pope Pius IX

'Vix dum a nobis.' Encyclical of 7 Mar 1874. Pius condemns proposed legislation being considered by the Austrian assembly, which would if passed assert civil authority over the Church. He exhorts the Austrian bishops to fight to forestall the proposed laws. PIUS IX AUSTRIA FRANZ JOSEF FRANZ JOSEPH

160. Encyclicals - P9MAXIMA.HTM - On the Church in Bavaria
Pope Pius IX

'Maximae quidem.' Encyclical of 18 Aug 1864. Pius rejoices at the synod held by the Bavarian bishops at which they laid plans for the safeguarding of their Churches. He exhorts them and their priests to defend the rights of the Church, especially with regard to public schools. PIUS IX BAVARIA BAMBERG PUBLIC SCHOOLS

161. Encyclicals - L13BAV.HTM - On the Church in Bavaria
Pope Leo XIII

'Officio Sanctissimo' Promulgated on December 22, 1887. ST. BONIFACE FAITH CLERGY SEMINARIES ERRORS TRUTH DOCTRINE NATURALIST

162. Encyclicals - L13QUNOS.HTM - On the Church in Bohemia and Moravia
Pope Leo XIII

'Quae Ad Nos' Promulgated on November 22, 1902. BOHEMIA MORAVIA LEO XIII

163. Encyclicals - P9QUAEIN.HTM - On the Church in Chaldea
Pope Pius IX

'Quae in patriarchatu.' Encyclical of 16 Nov 1872. Pius summarizes the history of Patriarch Joseph Audo, Patriarch of Babylonia of the Chaldeans with the Holy See, and accepts the Patriarch's latest repentance. PIUS IX JOSEPH AUDO BABYLONIA OF THE CHALDEANS CHALDAEA MALABAR

164. Encyclicals - L13HUN.HTM - On the Church in Hungary
Pope Leo XIII

'Constanti Hungarorum' Promulgated on September 2, 1893. RELIGION FAITH MARRIAGE HOLY SEE PERIODICALS SCHOOLS CLERGY CONFRATERNITY

165. Encyclicals - L13IRE.HTM - On the Church in Ireland
Pope Leo XIII

'Etsi Cunctas' Promulgated on December 21, 1888. JUSTICE LOVE CHURCH HARDSHIPS IRELAND

166. Encyclicals - C13SUMMA.HTM - On the Church in Poland
Pope Clement XIII

'Summa quae,' Encyclical of 6 Jan. 1768. Clement condemns certain imprudent compacts made by Polish bishops with the civil authorities. CLEMENT XIII POLAND BISHOPS

167. Encyclicals - L13POR.HTM - On the Church in Portugal
Pope Leo XIII

'Pergrata' Promulgated on September 14, 1886. CLERGY STATE FAITH GOVERNMENT RELIGION UNITY SEMINARIES PRIESTS PORTUGAL

168. Encyclicals - P9QUODNU.HTM - On the Church in Prussia
Pope Pius IX

'Quod nunquam.' Encyclical of '5 Feb 1875. Pius Pius condemns new laws passed against the Church in Prussia, and encourages the bishops of that country to be subject to civil authority when appropriate, but to obey God before men. PIUS IX PRUSSIA

169. Encyclicals - L13CARIT.HTM - On the Church In Scotland
Pope Leo XIII

Caritatis Studium Promulgated on July 25, 1898. SCOTLAND ECUMENISM SCRIPTURE MAGISTERIUM SACRIFICE EUCHARIST LEO XIII

170. Encyclicals - P9GRAVES.HTM - On the Church in Switzerland
Pope Pius IX

'Graves ac diuturnae.' Encyclical of 23 Mar 1875. Pius condemns the schismatic Old Catholics, condemns anti-Catholic marriage laws, and exhorts the faithful to obey their pastors. PIUS IX OLD CATHOLICS SCHISM

171. Encyclicals - P9NOSTIS.HTM - On the Church in the Pontifical States
Pope Pius IX

'Nostis et nobiscum' Encyclical of 8 Dec 1849. Pius comments on the political situation in Rome and the surrounding areas, with particular attention to socialism and communism. PIUS IX POLITICS PAPAL STATES ROME SOCIALISM COMMUNISM PRESS

172. Encyclicals - L13INAMP.HTM - On the Church in the United States
Pope Leo XIII

In Amplissimo Promulgated on April 15, 1902. UNITED STATES UNITY DOCILITY SCHOOLS EDUCATION SEMINARIES CLERGY CHARITY GIBBONS LEO XIII

173. Encyclicals - P6CHARIT.HTM - On the Civil Oath in France
Pope Pius VI

'Charitas' Encyclical of Pope Pius VI promulgated on April 13, 1791. Pope Pius VI writes about the Civil Constitution of the Clergy which was approved by the National Assembly in France and which he said would 'lead the french people into error and schism.' PIUS VI FRANCE CIVIL OATH

174. Encyclicals - L13BRZ.HTM - On the Clergy in Brazil
Pope Leo XIII

'Litteras A Vobis' Promulgated on July 2, 1894. PRIESTS DOCTRINE SEMINARY TRENT FAITHFUL YOUTH TEACH

175. Encyclicals - P10CLR.HTM - On the Clergy in Italy
Pope Pius X

'Pieni L'Animo' Promulgatged on July 28, 1906. INDEPENDENCE OBEDIENCE LOVE TRENT ITALY SEMINARIES BISHOPS DISCIPLINE

176. Encyclicals - L13COL.HTM - On the Columbus Quadricentennial
Pope Leo XIII

'Quarto Abeunte Saeculo' Promulgated on July 16, 1892. CHURCH AMERICA FAITH COLONIES GOSPEL CHARITY ISABELLA

177. Encyclicals - P12MIRAN.HTM - On the Communications Field
Pope Pius XII

'Miranda Prorsus' Promulgated on September 8, 1957. The Pope exhorts the bishops to guard the flock from every error and danger which the use of motion pictures, radio and television can raise against the conduct of Christian life to its serious detriment. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL COMMUNICATIONS RADIO TELEVISION MOVIES

178. Encyclicals - P12FIDEI.HTM - On the Condition of the Catholic Missions
Pope Pius XII

'Fidei Donum' Promulgated on April 21, 1957. On the present condition of the Catholic Missions, especially in Africa. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL MISSION CATHOLIC AFRICA CHRISTIAN VOCATION

179. Encyclicals - L13AUGUS.HTM - On the Confraternity of the Holy Rosary
Pope Leo XIII

Augustissimae Virginis Mariae Promulgated on September 12, 1897. ROSARY CONFRATERNITY INCARNATION MARY SODALITY ANGELS SAINTS LEO XIII

180. Encyclicals - P12SEMPI.HTM - On the Council of Chalcedon
Pope Pius XII

'Sempiternus Rex Christus' Promulgated on September 8, 1951. Encyclical celebrating the fifteen hundred year anniversity of the Council of Chalcedon, which concerned the hypostatic union of the Incarnate Word. COUNCIL CHALCEDON PIUS XII COUNCIL NESTORIUS

181. Encyclicals - P11VERIT.HTM - On the Council of Ephesus
Pope Pius XI

'Lux Veritatis' Encyclical of 25 Dec 1931, on the fifteen-hundredth anniversary of the Council of Ephesus. The Pope reaffirms the doctrine of Ephesus, giving special attention to the import of the Council's Marian doctrine. He stresses that then as now, Rome was the guardian of Christian truth and unity. He calls all Christians to union with Rome, and at the same time combats the error of conciliarism. PIUS XI EPHESUS CONCILIARISM UNITY NESTORIUS

182. Encyclicals - P12MIRAB.HTM - On the Crusade of Prayer for Peace
Pope Pius XII

'Mirabile Illud' Promulgated on December 6, 1950. WAR CHARITY MARY JESUS PEACE PIUS XII

183. Encyclicals - P6DEVELO.HTM - On the Development of Peoples
Pope Paul VI

'Populorum Progressio' Promulgated March 26, 1967. Calls prosperous civilizations to help less developed, poorer cultures to develop, and to serve charity and justice by improving their condition. PAUL VI ENCYCLICAL CHARITY JUSTICE DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC COMMERCE CULTURE

184. Encyclicals - P9PROBEN.HTM - On the Discipline for Clergy
Pope Pius IX

'Probe noscitis venerabiles' Encyclical of 17 May 1852. Pius exhorts the bishops of Spain to strive together for the rights of the Church, and to carefully train form and educate their clergy. PIUS IX SPAIN CLERGY

185. Encyclicals - P10PASCE.HTM - On the Doctrine of the Modernists
Pope Pius X

'Pascendi Dominici Gregis' Promulgated on September 8, 1907. In this encyclical on Modernism, Pius X brings Modernist teachings together into one group, points out the connection between them, examines the sources of the errors, and prescribes remedies for averting the evil. PIUS X MODERNISM EVOLUTION PASCENDI ENCYCLICAL

186. Encyclicals - P11IMPEN.HTM - On the Economic Crisis
Pope Pius XI

'Nova Impendet' Pius XI's encyclical of 2 Oct 1931. With winter impending in the midst of the Great Depression, the Pope calls for a Crusade of charity and prayer for all those suffering. PIUS XI GREAT DEPRESSION CHARITY ECONOMIC CRISIS DISARMAMENT

187. Encyclicals - L13PATER.HTM - On the Education of Clergy
Pope Leo XIII

Paternae Promulgated on September 18, 1899. CLERGY SEMINARY EDUCATION BRAZIL NEWSPAPERS FINANCIAL SUPPORT LEO XIII

188. Encyclicals - L13DEPUI.HTM - On the Education of the Clergy
Pope Leo XIII

Depuis Le Jour Promulgated on September 8, 1899. CLERGY EDUCATION SEMINARY FRANCE PRIESTHOOD FORMATION PHILOSOPHY AQUINAS SCRIPTURE MORALITY LEO XIII

189. Encyclicals - L13FIDAL.HTM - On the Education of the Clergy
Pope Leo XIII

Fin Dal Principio Promulgated on December 8, 1902. CLERGY EDUCATION ITALY SEMINARY FORMATION PHILOSOPHY SCRIPTURE LEO XIII

190. Encyclicals - P9EXULTA.HTM - On the Effects of the Jubilee
Pope Pius IX

'Exultavit cor nostrum' Encyclical of 21 Nov 1851. Pius expresses thanks for the spiritual benefits of the Jubilee year, while at the same time deploring current evils and calling on God for help. PIUS IX JUBILEE

191. Encyclicals - G16SINGU.HTM - On the Errors of Lammenais
Pope Gregory XVI

'Singulari nos' Encyclical of 25 Jun 1834. Gregory condemns a heretical pamphlet written by the bishop of Rennes. GREGORY XVI RENNES LAMMENAIS PAROLES D'UN CROYANT

192. Encyclicals - B14EXQUO.HTM - On the Euchologion
Pope Benedict XIV

'Ex Quo' Encyclical of 1 Mar 1756. To bishops and priests of the Greek Rite, containing certain admonitions concerning the ceremonies contained in the Euchologion, the book containing the rites of the Greek Churches. BENEDICT XIV EUCHOLOGION GREEK CHURCHES EASTERN RITES MASS OF THE PRESANCTIFIED CONFIRMATION

193. Encyclicals - L13APOST.HTM - On the Evils of Socialism
Pope Leo XIII

'Quod Apostolici Muneris' Promulgated on December 28, 1878. Analysis of the evils of socialism thirty years after the Revolution of 1848, with particular stress on the Catholic view of the social order. CAPITAL LABOR COMMUNISM MARX

194. Encyclicals - L13EVL.HTM - On the Evils of Society
Pope Leo XIII

'Inscrutabili Dei Consilio' Pope Leo XIII laments the evils by 'which the human race is oppressed on every side. Promulgated on April 21, 1878. POOR CIVILIZATION TRUTH JUSTICE RELIGION PROGRESS ROME AUTHORITY FAITH

195. Encyclicals - P11PRIMA.HTM - On the Feast of Christ the King
Pope Pius XI

'Quas Primas' Promulgated on December 11, 1925. CHARITY SCRIPTURES PROPHETS LAW LOVE REDEEMER AUTHORITY SACRED HEART CORPUS CHRISTI

196. Encyclicals - L13URBAN.HTM - On the Foundation of a Seminary in Athens
Pope Leo XIII

'Urbanitatis Veteris' Promulgated on November 20, 1901. GREECE ATHENS SEMINARY EAST LEO XIII

197. Encyclicals - P10LAW.HTM - On the French Law of Separation
Pope Pius X

'Vehementer Nos' Promulgated on February 11, 1906. MARRIAGE PRAYER STATE CHURCH GOD PETER PEACE PERSECUTION FRANCE

198. Encyclicals - B15IAMDI.HTM - On the Future Peace Conference
Pope Benedict XV

'Quod iam diu' Promulgated on December 1, 1918. EUROPE PEACE CONFERENCE POVERTY

199. Encyclicals - P9OMNEMS.HTM - On the Greek-Ruthenian Rite
Pope Pius IX

'Omnem sollicitudinem.' Encyclical of 13 May 1874. Pius forbids any changes to be made in the Eastern liturgies, especially in the Greco-Ruthenian Rite, also condeming the 'pseudo-administrator' in the diocese of Chelm, who has usurped power there and introduced changes in the liturgy. PIUS IX EASTERN RITES CHELM

200. Encyclicals - L13MIRAE.HTM - On the Holy Eucharist
Pope Leo XIII

Mirae Caritatis Promulgated on May 28, 1902. EUCHARIST SACRED HEART LIFE SACRIFICE MASS CHARITY FAITH SACRAMENT LEO XIII

201. Encyclicals - P12REDEM.HTM - On the Holy Places in Palestine
Pope Pius XII

'Redemptoris Nostri Cruciatus' Promulgated on April 15, 1949. PRAYER PEACE REFUGEES JERUSALEM PILGRIMAGE PALESTINE PIUS XII

202. Encyclicals - L13DIVIN.HTM - On the Holy Spirit
Pope Leo XIII

Divinum Illud Munus Promulgated on May 9, 1897. HOLY SPIRIT TRINITY INCARNATION JUST LEO XIII

203. Encyclicals - JP2GIVER.HTM - On the Holy Spirit
Pope John Paul II

'Dominum Et Vivificantem' Promulgated on May 30, 1986. This Encyclical on the Holy Spirit has been drawn from the heart of the heritage of the Vatican Council. John Paul desires to move us to penetrate ever deeper into the Trinitarian mystery of God himself, through the Gospels, the Fathers and the Liturgy. JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL HOLY SPIRIT VATICAN COUNCIL TRINITY LITURGY

204. Encyclicals - L13INSIG.HTM - On the Hungarian Millennium
Pope Leo XIII

Insignes Promulgated on May 1, 1896. HUNGARY STEPHEN MATHIAS MILLLENIUM UNITY PEACE LIBERTY LEO XIII

205. Encyclicals - P9UBIPR2.HTM - On the Immaculate Conception
Pope Pius IX

'Ubi primum' Encyclical of 2 Feb 1849. Pius notes the requests from the Catholic world that the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception be infallibly defined, and that the conception of Mary receive further honor in the liturgy. He accedes to the latter and asks the bishops for their opinion on the former. PIUS IX IMMACULATE CONCEPTION MARY MEDIATRIX

206. Encyclicals - P10IMCON.HTM - On the Immaculate Conception
Pope Pius X

'Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum' Promulgated on February 2, 1904. MARY POWER MEDIATOR CHRIST SIN VIRTUE VIRGIN CHARITY FAITH

207. Encyclicals - P12SAECU.HTM - On the Independence of Portugal
Pope Pius XII

'Saeculo Exeunte Octavo' Promulgated on June 13, 1940. Encyclical on the eighth centenary of the independence of Portugal. KING JOHN I MOORS VASCO DA GAMA MISSIONS CLERGY SOCIETY SISTERS

208. Encyclicals - P10IND.HTM - On the Indians of South America
Pope Pius X

'Lacrimabili Statu' Promulgated on June 7, 1912. FAITH SLAVERY VIRTUE STATE CHURCH GOSPEL SOUTH AMERICA

209. Encyclicals - L13REPUT.HTM - On the Language Question in Bohemia
Pope Leo XIII

Reputantiubus Promulgated on August 20, 1901. LANGUAGE BOHEMIA MORAVIA RACE LEO XIII

210. Encyclicals - L13QUUMD.HTM - On the Latin American Bishops' Plenary Council
Pope Leo XIII

'Quum Diuturnum' Promulgated on December 25, 1898. LATIN AMERICA ROME MEETING CONFERENCE LEO XIII

211. Encyclicals - P10POR.HTM - On the Law of Separation in Portugal
Pope Pius X

'Lamdudum' Promulgated on May 24, 1911. CHURCH PORTUGAL HIERARCHY LIBERTY VESTMENTS JUSTICE PROPERTY UNITY

212. Encyclicals - L13LIB.HTM - On the Liberty of the Church
Pope Leo XIII

'Quod Multum' Promulgated on August 22, 1886. STEPHEN HUNGARY NATURLISM SOCIALISM MARRIAGE YOUTH EDUCATION PRIESTS

213. Encyclicals - L13AFFAR.HTM - On the Manitoba School Question
Pope Leo XIII

Affari Vos Promulgated on December 8, 1897. SCHOOLS CANADA RELIGION EDUCATION LEO XIII

214. Encyclicals - P10MYS.HTM - On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland
Pope Pius X

'Tribus Circiter' Promulgated on April 5, 1906. OBEDIENCE BISHOP REVELATIONS MARIAVITES

215. Encyclicals - JP2RICH.HTM - On the Mercy of God
Pope John Paul II

'Dives In Misericordia' Promulgated on November 30, 1980. John Paul draws from the language of revelation and faith to express the truth revealed by Christ about God the 'Father of mercies.' The truth that God is very close to man, especially when he is suffering and under threat at the very heart of his existence and dignity. JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL MERCY LOVE PRODIGAL SON FATHER REVELATION CHURCH

216. Encyclicals - I23PRINC.HTM - On the Missions
Pope John XXIII

'Princeps Pastorum' Promulgated on November 26, 1959. The Pope speaks of the necessity of extending God's kingdom to the many parts of the world where missionaries labor zealously that the Church may grow and produce wholesome fruits. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL MISSION CLERGY VOCATION CATECHIST

217. Encyclicals - L13DUL.HTM - On the Morality of Dueling
Pope Leo XIII

'Pastoralis Officii' Promulgated September 12, 1891. CHURCH CANON LAW HONOR REVENGE MILITARY LAW DUELING LEO XIII POPE

218. Encyclicals - P12MYSTI.HTM - On the Mystical Body of Christ
Pope Pius XII

'Mystici Corporis Christi' Promulgated on June 29, 1943. The Church is a body with Christ as the Head. It is one, undivided, visible, constituted organically and hierarchically, endowed with the means of sanctification and composed of individual members not excluding sinners. MYSTICAL BODY PIUS XII CHRIST

219. Encyclicals - L13LIBER.HTM - On the Nature of Human Liberty
Pope Leo XIII

'Libertas' Promulgated on June 20, 1888. An examination of the nature of true human liberty as it relates to the individual, the social order, human dignity, and both political and religious authority. NATURAL LAW CIVIL SOCIETY FREEDOM NATURE AUTHORITY RELIGION

220. Encyclicals - P9NULLIS.HTM - On the Need for Civil Sovereignty
Pope Pius IX

'Nullis certe verbis.' Encyclical of 19 Jan 1860. Pius thanks the bishops for supporting him in the struggle against rebellion in the papal states by their prayers and teaching. He rejects Napoleon III's council to surrender the rebellious provinces, and asks the bishops for their continued support. PIUS IX PAPAL STATES EMILIA NAPOLEON III

221. Encyclicals - I23PAENI.HTM - On the Need for Penance
Pope John XXIII

'Paenitentiam Agere' Promulgated on July 1, 1962. Encyclical of Pope John XXIII on the need for the practice of interior and exterior penance. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL PENANCE INTERIOR EXTERIOR PRAYERS REPENTANCE

222. Encyclicals - L13ANN.HTM - On the Occasion of the Sacerdotal Jubilee of Leo
Pope Leo XIII

'Quod Anniversarius' Promulgated on April 1, 1888. CHURCH SOULS IN PURGATORY GRACES LEO XIII JUBILEE

223. Encyclicals - L13CIV.HTM - On the Origin of Civil Power
Pope Leo XIII

'Diuturnum' Promulgated on June 29, 1881. CHURCH AUTHORITY STATE FATHERS PAUL NATURAL LAW JUSTICE SOCIETY

224. Encyclicals - P11ARCAN.HTM - On the Peace of Christ in His Kingdom
Pope Pius XI

'Ubi Arcano Dei Consilio' Promulgated on December 23, 1922. MARY WAR CONCUPISCENCE BIBLE MARRIAGE SCHOOL SOCIETY THOMAS AQUINAS PIETY FAMILY MODERNISM LIBERTY PEACE

225. Encyclicals - P12ECCLE.HTM - On the Persecuted Eastern Church
Pope Pius XII

'Orientales Ecclesias' Encyclical of Pope Pius XII promulgated on December 15, 1952. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL EASTERN CHURCH PERSECUTION

226. Encyclicals - P9NEMINI.HTM - On the Persecution of the Armenians
Pope Pius IX

'Neminem vestrum.' Encyclical of 2 Feb 1854. Pius condemns dissensions and schisms in the Armenian Church, as well as false attempts at unity. He addresses and encourages by group the bishops, priests and laity of that region. PIUS IX ARMENIA SCHISM MECHITHARIST

227. Encyclicals - P11INIQU.HTM - On the Persecution of the Church in Mexico
Pope Pius XI

'Iniquis Afflictisque' Encyclical of 18 Nov 1926 describing the persecution of the Mexican Church, and praising the constancy of the Mexican bishops, clergy, and laity, and especially certain lay organizations. PIUS XI MEXICO PERSECUTION KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS GUADALUPE

228. Encyclicals - P9UBINOS.HTM - On the Pontifical States
Pope Pius XI

'Ubi Nos.' Encyclical of 15 May 1871. Pius thanks the bishops for their prayer for the liberation of the papal states, gives them an update on the situation, and asks for renewed prayers. He also explains the necessity of civil rule for the papacy, and calls on rules to unite ro restore the rights of the Holy See. PIUS IX PAPAL STATES PIEDMONT

229. Encyclicals - P12DEIPA.HTM - On the Possibility of Defining the Assumption as a Dogma of the Church
Pope Pius XII

'Deiparae Virginis Mariae' Promulgated on May 1, 1946. Requests the bishops to ascertain whether it would be opportune to formally define the doctrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. EPISCOPATE DOGMA PIUS XII MARY ASSUMPTION

230. Encyclicals - P6INSCRU.HTM - On the Problems of the Pontificate
Pope Pius VI

'Inscrutabile' Encyclical of Pope Pius VI promulgated on December 25, 1775. The Pope speaks of the dangers confronting the Church, he insists that only those with exceptional moral holiness should be admitted to the Church's service and urges that special attention be given to the beauty of the churches. He 'mourns over' the heretical sects. PIUS VI ENCYCLICAL PRIEST HOLINESS CHURCH HERETICS

231. Encyclicals - P11REROR.HTM - On the Promotion of Oriental Studies
Pope Pius XI

'Rerum Orientalium' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on September 8, 1928. PIUS XI ORIENTAL ENCYCLICAL EASTERN

232. Encyclicals - G16PROBE.HTM - On the Propogation of the Faith
Pope Gregory XVI

'Probe nostis' Encyclical of 18 Sep 1840. Gregory speaks of the exigencies of continuing to spread the faith in an age when the Church is under attack from renegades and heretics. He speaks especially of new societies formed to spread the faith and promote virtue. GREGORY XVI HERETICS MISSIONS MARTYRS SOCIETY FOR PROPOGATION OF THE FAITH

233. Encyclicals - L13QUOVO.HTM - On the Proposed Catholic University
Pope Leo XIII

'Quod Votis' Promulgated on April 30, 1902. AUSTRIA CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY LEO XIII

234. Encyclicals - L13CFN.HTM - On the Religious Question in France
Pope Leo XIII

Nobilissima Gallorum Gens Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII promulgated on February 8, 1884. FRANCE ERROR FAITH SOCIETY CHURCH STATE MARRIAGE

235. Encyclicals - P11NOSES.HTM - On the Religious Situation in Mexico
Pope Pius XI

'Nos es muy conocida' Encyclical of 28 Mar 1937. The Pope, writing to the Bishops of Mexico, stresses the the role of the laity in the face of government persecution. Includes principles for the use of force in combatting government injustice. PIUS XI MEXICO CATHOLIC ACTION

236. Encyclicals - P12OMNES.HTM - On the Reunion of the Ruthenian Church with Rome
Pope Pius XII

'Orientales Omnes Ecclesias' Promulgated on December 23, 1945. Encyclical on the three hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the reunion of the Ruthenian Church with the Apostolic See. ST. VLADIMIR RUSSIAN LITHUANIA EASTERN CHURCH BREST LATIN RITE POLAND

237. Encyclicals - L13RGT.HTM - On the Right Ordering of Christian Life
Pope Leo XIII

'Exeunte Iam Anno' Promulgated on December 25, 1888. FAITH OBEDIENCE VIRTUE TRUTH MORALS GOSPEL LUXURY PUBLIC SCHOOLS REASON

238. Encyclicals - L13DIUTU.HTM - On the Rosary
Pope Leo XIII

Diuturni Temporis Promulgated on September 5, 1898. ROSARY MARY INDULGENCES CONSTITUTION POPES LEO XIII

239. Encyclicals - L13FIDEN.HTM - On the Rosary
Pope Leo XIII

Fidentem Piumque Animum Promulgated on September 20, 1896. ROSARY MARY PRAYER FAITH MEDIATRIX UNITY SAINTS LEO XIII

240. Encyclicals - I23GRATA.HTM - On the Rosary
Pope John XXIII

'Grata Recordatio' Promulgated on September 26, 1959. Pope John XXIII covers the rosary, prayer for the Church, the missions and international and social problems in this encyclical. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL ROSARY PRAYER MARY DEVOTION MISSION SOCIAL

241. Encyclicals - L13ADIUT.HTM - On the Rosary
Pope Leo XIII

Adiutricem Promulgated on September 5, 1895. ROSARY MARY DEVOTION MOTHER QUEEN UNITY PROTESTANTS EAST LEO XIII

242. Encyclicals - P11GRAVE.HTM - On the Rosary
Pope Pius XI

'Ingravescentibus Malis' Promulgated on September 29, 1937. INFIDELS PRAYER COMMUNISTS PIETY CHARITY FAMILIES CHURCH ROSARY

243. Encyclicals - L13RO1.HTM - On the Rosary (1)
Pope Leo XIII

'Octobri Mense' Promulgated on September 22, 1891. OCTOBER CHURCH REDEMPTION JESUS TRUTH WORLD PETER SALVATION MARY CHRIST

244. Encyclicals - L13RO2.HTM - On the Rosary (2)
Pope Leo XIII

'Magnae Dei Matris' Promulgated on September 8, 1892. MARY MOTHER TRUST FAITH ERROR PRESS RELIGION PRAYER DOMINIC CHRIST

245. Encyclicals - L13RO3.HTM - On the Rosary (3)
Pope Leo XIII

'Laetitiae Sanctae' Promulgated on September 8, 1893. MOTHER SOCIETY POVERTY SUFFERING FUTURE ROSARY

246. Encyclicals - L13RO4.HTM - On the Rosary (4)
Pope Leo XIII

On the Recitation of the Rosary 'Superiore Anno' Promulgated on August 30, 1884. DAVID JUDITH JEWS LITANY OCTOBER MARY ROSARY

247. Encyclicals - L13RO5.HTM - On the Rosary (5)
Pope Leo XIII

'Iucunda Semper Expectatione' Promulgated on September 8, 1894. ROSARY LEO XIII MARY JOYFUL SORROWFUL GLORIOUS MYSTERIES

248. Encyclicals - L13ROS.HTM - On the Rosary and Public Life
Pope Leo XIII

'Vi E Ben Noto' Promulgated on September 20, 1887. OUR LADY JESUS SALVATION FAITH ROSARY

249. Encyclicals - P11CARIT.HTM - On the Sacred Heart
Pope Pius XI

'Caritate Christi Compulsi' Promulgated on May 3, 1932. CHARITY IMPIETY MERCY PRAYER PENANCE PEACE MARY LIBERTY SACRED HEART

250. Encyclicals - P12MEDIA.HTM - On the Sacred Liturgy
Pope Pius XII

'Mediator Dei' Promulgated on November 20, 1947. The priestly mission of Jesus Christ is prolonged mainly by means of the sacred liturgy, at the altar, through the sacraments and through the Divine Office. LITURGY PRIESTHOOD SACRAMENTS DIVINE OFFICE PIUS XII

251. Encyclicals - P10CST.HTM - On the Separation of Church and State
Pope Pius X

'Une Fois Encore' Promulgated on January 1, 1907. WAR SUPERNATURAL GOD FRANCE PERSECUTION BISHOPS PROPERTY LAW WORSHIP

252. Encyclicals - JP2SOCIA.HTM - On the Social Teaching of the Church
Pope John Paul II

'Sollicitudo Rei Socialis' Promulgated on December 30, 1987. In this encyclical, John Paul, reaffirms the continuity of the Church's social doctrine in its vital link with the Gospel and its constant renewal because it is subject to changing conditions and the flow of events which are the setting of the life of people and society. JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL SOCIAL TEACHING CHURCH DOCTRINE SOCIETY JUSTICE WAR

253. Encyclicals - C13APPET.HTM - On the Spiritual Advantages of Fasting
Pope Clement XIII

'Appetente Sacro,' Encyclical of 20 Dec. 1759. Calls the bishops to enforce the Lenten fast, and speaks of the spiritual benefits to be gained by its observance. CLEMENT XIII LENT FASTING MEAT MILK DAIRY PRODUCTS

254. Encyclicals - P12SERTU.HTM - On the Start of the Church in the United States
Pope Pius XII

'Sertum Laetitiae' Promulgated on November 11, 1939. Encyclical on the hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the establishment of the hierarchy in the United States. JOHN CARROLL UNITED STATES PIUS XII

255. Encyclicals - L13PROVI.HTM - On the Study of Holy Scripture
Pope Leo XIII

'Providentissimus Deus' Promulgated on November 18, 1893. This encyclical offers the Pope's guidance to Scripture scholars, especially in the face of Rationalist 'Higher' Criticism. REVELATION INSPIRATION FATHERS RATIONALISM FAITH THEOLOGY BIBLE

256. Encyclicals - L13SPESS.HTM - On the Suppression of Catholic Institutions
Pope Leo XIII

'Spesse volte' Promulgated on August 5, 1898. SUPPRESSION STATE INSTITUTIONS ITALY GOVERNMENT POPE POLITICS LEO XIII

257. Encyclicals - P12SINAR.HTM - On the Supra-nationality of the Church
Pope Pius XII

'Ad Sinarum Gentem' Promulgated on October 7, 1954. Encyclical directed to the clergy and people of China regarding their distress and suffering under Communism. He exhorts them to guard the trust they have been given to teach the gospel. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL CHINA COMMUNISM CLERGY CHURCH

258. Encyclicals - B15SAPRO.HTM - On the Third Order of St. Francis
Pope Benedict XV

'Sacra propedim' Promulgated on January 6, 1921. ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI THIRD ORDER TERTIARIES POVERTY CROSS

259. Encyclicals - P12SUMMI.HTM - On the Unity of Human Society
Pope Pius XII

'Summi Pontificatus' Promulgated on October 10, 1939. The Pope prays that the human race will 'gather around the throne of the Eternal King, in adoration and in reparation to renew now and forever their oath of allegiance to Him and to His law of truth and of love. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL UNITY HUMAN RACE REPARATION SOLIDARITY ALLEGIANCE

260. Encyclicals - L13SATIS.HTM - On the Unity of the Church
Pope Leo XIII

'Satis Cognitum' Promulgated on June 29, 1896. CHURCH UNITY POPE MAGISTERIUM BISHOPS ECUMENISM PROTESTANTS LEO XIII

261. Encyclicals - I23PETRI.HTM - On Truth, Unity and Peace
Pope John XXIII

'Ad Petri Cathedram' Promulgated on June 29, 1959. The first encyclical of John XXIII's reign discusses the three objectives of truth, unity and peace and indicates how they may be achieved and advanced in a spirit of charity. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL TRUTH UNITY PEACE CHARITY CHURCH PRAYER

262. Encyclicals - C13AQUOD.HTM - On Unity among Christians
Pope Clement XIII

'A quo die,' Encyclical of 13 Sept. 1758. Clement exhorts the bishops to unity and charity towards their flocks, condemns desire for glory, and commends almsgiving, prayer, frequent offering of the the Mass, and sound teaching. He exhorts them not to ordain men unsuited to the priesthood, and speaks on the duties of priests and bishops. CLEMENT XIII UNITY MASS PRIESTHOOD PRIESTS BISHOPS

263. Encyclicals - L13COMPE.HTM - On Unity Among the Greek Melchites
Pope Leo XIII

Omnibus Compertum Promulgated on July 21, 1900. GREECE MELCHITES EAST HARMONY LEO XIII

264. Encyclicals - B14VIXPE.HTM - On Usury
Pope Benedict XIV

'Vix Pervenit' Encyclical of 1 Nov 1745 condemning usury and other dishonest profit. BENEDICT XIV USURY INTEREST

265. Encyclicals - C13CHRIS.HTM - On...Anti-Christian Writings
Pope Clement XIII

'Christianae Reipublicae,' Encyclical of 25 Nov. 1766. Clement speaks of philosophically and theologically erroneous writings, as well as pornography. He reminds the bishops of their duty to destroy evil books, and urges them to call on Catholic civil rulers for aid in their war against evil literature. CLEMENT XIII BOOKS PORNOGRAPHY CENSORSHIP

266. Encyclicals - I23PACEM.HTM - Peace on Earth
Pope John XXIII

'Pacem In Terris' Promulgated on April 11, 1963. John XXIII tells us that, 'Peace on earth, which all men of every era have most eagerly yearned for, can be firmly established only if the order laid down by God be dutifully observed. JOHN XXIII ENCYCLICAL PEACE EARTH MEN RIGHT DUTY JUSTICE

267. Encyclicals - P9CUMSAN.HTM - Pleading for Public Prayer
Pope Pius IX

'Cum Sancta Mater Ecclesia.' Encyclical of 27 Apr 1859. Pius asks the bishops to order public prayers in their dioceses that God might 'turn his wrath from us and banish war to the very ends of the earth.' PIUS IX WAR

268. Encyclicals - P9INTERM.HTM - Pleading for Unity of Spirit
Pope Pius IX

'Inter multiplices' Encyclical of 21 Mar 1853. Pius writes the bishops of France to eliminate dissensions, form and train their clergy, encourage Catholic writers, and adhere to Rome. PIUX IX FRANCE CLERGY

269. Encyclicals - B14APOST.HTM - Preparation for Holy Year
Pope Benedict XIV

'Apostolica Constitutio' Encyclical of 26 Jun 1749. Written in preparation for the recently proclaimed Holy Year of 1750. Stresses pilgrimages, indulgences and confession, giving histories of pilgrimages and some indulgences. BENEDICT XIV HOLY YEAR PILGRIMAGES INDULGENCES CONFESSION

270. Encyclicals - P9GRAVIB.HTM - Proclaiming a Jubilee for 1875
Pope Pius IX

'Gravibus Ecclesiae.' Encyclical of 24 Dec 1874. Pius proclaims 1875 to be a Jubilee year, announces the requirements for gaining the Jubilee indulgence, and encourages good works. He also gives advice to the clergy. PIUS IX JUBILEE INDULGENCE

271. Encyclicals - P12FULGE.HTM - Proclaiming a Marian Year
Pope Pius XII

'Fulgens Corona' Promulgated on September 8, 1953. Encyclical proclaiming a Marian Year to commemorate the centenary of the definition of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL MARIAN YEAR IMMACULATE CONCEPTION DOGMA MARY

272. Encyclicals - C14CUMSU.HTM - Proclaiming a Universal Jubilee
Pope Clement XIV

'Cum Summi' Encyclical of 12 Dec. 1769. At the beginning of his pontificate, Clement calls on the bishops to draw on Scripture and Tradition in order to edify the faithful and repel attacks on religion. CLEMENT XIV

273. Encyclicals - C14INSCR.HTM - Proclaiming a Universal Jubilee
Pope Clement XIV

'Inscrutabili Divinae Sapientiae' Encyclical of 12 Dec. 1769. Clement proclaims a universal jubilee with an accompanying plenary indulgences, to mark the beginning of his pontificate. CLEMENT XIV JUBILEE PLENARY INDULGENCE

274. Encyclicals - C14SALUT.HTM - Proclaiming a Universal Jubilee
Pope Clement XIV

'Salutis nostrae' Encyclical of 30 Apr. 1774. Clement proclaims a Holy Year for 1775, and grants a plenary indulgences to those who make a pilgrimage to Rome during that year, fulfilling the requirements which he sets forth. CLEMENT XIV HOLY YEAR ROME PLENARY INDULGENCE

275. Encyclicals - L12QUODH.HTM - Proclaiming a Universal Jubilee
Pope Leo XII

'Quod hoc ineunte' Encyclical of 24 May 1824. Leo proclaims a Holy Year for 1825, and calls all to join in with good will and piety. HOLY YEAR INDULGENCE PILGRIMAGE

276. Encyclicals - P12CAELI.HTM - Proclaiming the Queenship of Mary
Pope Pius XII

'Ad Caeli Reginam' Promulgated on October 11, 1954. Proclaims the feast of the Queenship of Mary and summarizes the history of devotion to Mary as Queen. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL QUEEN MARY HISTORY MOTHER QUEENSHIP

277. Encyclicals - JP2REDEM.HTM - Redeemer of Man
Pope John Paul II

Redemptor Hominis. Promulgated on March 4, 1979. John Paul seeks to recall and reawaken in us in a special way our awareness of the key truth of faith which Saint John expressed at the beginning of his Gospel: 'The Word became flesh and dwelt among us.' JOHN PAUL II ENCYCLICAL REDEMPTION MAN APOSTOLATE UNITY MISSION FREEDOM TRUTH

278. Encyclicals - P10SUPRE.HTM - Restoration of all things in Christ
Pope Pius X

'E Supremi' Promulgated on October 4, 1903. First encyclical of Pius X. PEACE CHURCH PRIESTHOOD RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION LAITY FORMATION

279. Encyclicals - P9MERIDI.HTM - Seminary for Native Clergy
Pope Pius IX

'Meridionali Americae.' Encyclical of 30 Sep 1865. Pius expresses to the South American bishops his joy at the increase in native clergy and expresses his concern for their proper formation. PIUS IX SOUTH AMERICA CLERGY

280. Encyclicals - JP2SLAV.HTM - Slavorum Apostoli
Pope John Paul II

The encyclical letter of Pope John Paul II on the Apostles to the Slavs, Saints Cyril and Methodius, on the occasion of the the eleventh centenary of their evangelization work (2 June 1985). SLAVIC BYZANTINE RUSSIA POLAND RUTHENIA SLOVAKIA MORAVIA SLAVONIC PATRONS EUROPE

281. Encyclicals - JP2VER.HTM - Splendor of the Truth
Pope John Paul II

'Veritatis Splendor' Promulgated August 6, 1993, (Transfiguration). On Certain Fundamental Questions of the Church's Moral Teaching. Reaffirms widely-attacked moral teachings of the Church and condemns dissent. CONTENTS: (1) 'Teacher, What Good Must I Do?'; (2) 'Do Not Be Conformed to the World' (Freedom & Law, Conscience & Truth, Fundamental Choice and Specific Kinds of Behavior, and the Moral Act); (3) 'Lest the Cross of Christ Be Emptied of its Power.'

282. Encyclicals - P11PERTU.HTM - St. Francis De Sales
Pope Pius XI

'Rerum Omnium Perturbationem' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on January 26, 1923. PIUS XI FRANCIS DE SALES HOLINESS SAINTS ENCYCLICAL

283. Encyclicals - P9RESPIC.HTM - Taking of the Pontifical States
Pope Pius IX

'Respicientes.' Encyclical of 1 Nov 1870. Pius relates the history of the war between Piedmont and the Papal States, the occupation of Rome and the evils following therefrom. He protests the usurpation of his authority, excommunicates the usurpers, and hopes for their repentance. PIUS IX PIEDMONT PAPAL STATES

284. Encyclicals - P9SAEPEV.HTM - Thanksgiving for 25 Years
Pope Pius IX

'Saepe venerabiles fratres.' Encyclical 5 Aug 1871. Pius notes the record length of his papacy, and gives thanks for the congratulations and gifts of the faithful. PIUS IX ANNIVERSARY THANKSGIVING

285. Encyclicals - JP2UTUNU.HTM - That They May Be One
Pope John Paul II

'Ut Unum Sint' Promulgated on May 25, 1995. The Holy Father calls for a new discussion of the authority and ministry of the pope. He says that the unity of all Christians is God's will and is at the heart of the mission Christ entrusted to His followers. The Pope ends with a call to 'everyone to renew their commitment to work for full and visible communion' and with a specific exhortation to the world's Catholic bishops 'to be especially mindful' of their m

286. Encyclicals - P11MENS.HTM - The Promotion of the Spiritual Exercises
Pope Pius XI

'Mens Nostra' Encyclical of Pope Pius XI promulgated on December 20, 1929. Speaking of the practice of the 'Spiritual Exercises' the Holy Father says, 'we earnestly desire to see it daily extended more widely, not only among the clergy both secular and regular, but also among the multitudes of the Catholic laity.' PIUS XI SPIRITUAL EXERCISES ST. IGNATIUS

287. Encyclicals - B14QUANT.HTM - Traffic in Alms
Pope Benedict XIV

'Quanta Cura' Encyclical of 30 Jun 1741. Forbids the dishonest use of Mass alms and stipends by the clergy, some of whom had been collecting stipends, using them to have Mass said in a place where the stipend was lower, and keeping the difference. BENEDICT XIV ALMS STIPENDS SIMONY

288. Encyclicals - P9APOSTO.HTM - Urging Prayers for Peace
Pope Pius IX

'Apostolicae nostrae caritatis.' Encyclical of 1 Aug 1854. Pius recalls to the bishops the trials of the Church, especially the errors of indifferentism and unbelief. To combat these, he encourages the faithful to make reparation to God, and grant a plenary indulgence for certain acts of piety in order to encourage them. PIUS IX INDIFFERENTISM

289. Encyclicals - B14NIMIA.HTM - Validity of Marriages
PopeBenedict XIV

'Nimiam Licentiam' Encyclical of 18 May 1743. Condems clandestine marriages and restates certain rules concerning witnesses for valid marriages. BENEDICT XIV MARRIAGE PASTOR BANN

290. Encyclicals - P12PELER.HTM - Warning Against Materialism
Pope Pius XII

'Le Pelerinage De Lourdes' Promulgated on July 2, 1957. In this encyclical, given on the centenary of the apparitions at Lourdes, the Pope warns against materialism. PIUS XII ENCYCLICAL LOURDES MATERIALISM FRANCE