This is an index of all files in the EWTN "Apologetics" Document Library as of 10/18/2013 sorted by library and title



LIBRARY - FILENAME - TITLE
AUTHOR
DESCIPTION

1. Apologetics - WHADEVIL.HTM - 'What the Devil!'
Nicholas Halligan, O.P.

The popular interest in angels has not been paralleled by a popular interest in the devil--which may be precisely the way he planned it. Here is what Thomas Aquinas had to say on the matter. This article was taken from the November 1995 issue of 'This Rock.'

2. Apologetics - PROCHURC.HTM - ...and Protects His Church from Teaching Error in Faith and Morals'
Jeffrey Mirus

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. MIRUS CHURCH

3. Apologetics - pontacsthom.htm - Pontificia Academia Sancti Thomae Aquinatis: Praeambule Fide and the New Apologetics, Draft Statement
Lluis Clavell

The "new apologetics," called for by Pope Benedict XVI and Cardinal Levada of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, is not a replacement of the old, but an augmentation, to address new questions, particularly regarding anthropological issues raised by developments in genetics, microbiology, and socio-biology. SCIENCE REASON SCEPTICISM SKEPTICISM FIDEISM FUNDAMENTALISM PHILOSOPHY

4. Apologetics - 12WAYS.HTM - 12 Painless Ways to Evangelize Introduction
Catholic Answers

Why not face it? Most Catholics shy away from publicly engaging in evangelization. Even those who know their faith well hesitate to discuss it with strangers, and those who don't know their faith as well as they should usually find themselves running for cover when they think they may be asked to engage in evangelization. Not to fear. This booklet explains twelve ways you can spread the faith--at very little expense, often with complete anonymity, an 'from the comfort of your own home,' as the old phrase puts it.

5. Apologetics - APOLOGIA.ZIP - A Biblical Apologetic of the Catholic Faith
Dr. Robert Schihl

An apologetic written by Dr. Robert Schihl, Professor at Regent University. This zipped version contains 8 chapters, an appendix and a readme file. 1. Being Catholic and Christian: Faith and Salvation 2. Divine Revelation: The Bible 3. Divine Revelation: Handing on the Tradition 4. Truth Handling & Trustworthy Men 5. The Sacraments: The Life of the Communion of Saints 7. Mary the Mother of Jesus 8. Eschatology: The Last Things SCHIHL APOLOGETIC BIBLE FAITH SALVATION REVELATION TRADITION

6. Apologetics - aberadxmas.htm - A Catholic Response to Aberrations of Advent and Christmas
Michael Monshau, OP

Michael Monshau, OP, Professor of Liturgy, Homiletics and Spirituality at the Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas (The Angelicum) in Rome, offers suggestions on how to keep Advent and Christmas without confrontation with our neighbors, but rather as occasions for evangelization. CONSUMERISM SECULARISM ADVENT WREATH CHRISTMAS CARDS

7. Apologetics - BARRACK.HTM - A Convert From Judaism Describes His Faith Odyssey
Paul Likoudis

This file contains an interesting interview of Marty Barrack. Taken from the July 21, 1994 issue of 'The Wanderer.' BARRACK JUDAISM CONVERSION JEWS

8. Apologetics - COPLES1.HTM - A Jesuit and His Faith
William Doino, Jr.

Part 1' Memoirs of Frederick C. Copleston, S.J. (1907 - 1994) William Doino writes about Fr. Copleston's 'Memoirs' with special emphasis on his conversion to and faith in the Catholic Church. This article was taken from 'The Dawson Newsletter,' Fall 1994. DOINO COPLESTON MEMOIRS CONVERSION CATHOLIC FAITH ANGLICAN

9. Apologetics - COPLES2.HTM - A Jesuit and His Faith: Part II
William Doino, Jr.

Continuation of an article on the Memoirs of Frederick C. Copleston, S.J. (1907 - 1994). William Doino emphasizes Fr. Copleston's conversion to the Catholic Church and recounts his crisis of faith. This article was taken from 'The Dawson Newsletter,' Winter 1995. DOINO COPLESTON MEMOIRS CONVERSION CATHOLIC FAITH

10. Apologetics - PRIMINDU.HTM - A Primer On Indulgences
James Akin

'Indulgences are a completely unbiblical teaching, aren't they? Find out just how biblical they are! A thorough treatment of the Church's teaching on indulgences. James Akin covers the teaching of 'The Catechism of the Catholic Church' on indulgences, myths about indulgences as well as how to gain an indulgence. This article was taken from the November 1994 issue of 'This Rock'.

11. Apologetics - TULIP.HTM - A tiptoe through TULIP
James Akin

Calvinsim explored in the light of Thomas Aquinas' teaching on predestination.

12. Apologetics - AKINSTOR.HTM - A Triumph and a Tragedy
James Akin

James Akin recounts his conversion to the Catholic faith. This article was taken from the April 1995 issue of 'This Rock.' AKIN CONVERSION FAITH

13. Apologetics - REVIVIN.HTM - Against the Efforts of an Ever Reviving Gnosis
Ignace de la Potterie

This was what Paul VI advised the 1970 International Symposium in Rome on "resurrexit", to re-affirm that the Resurrection of Jesus Christ was, primarily, a fact. This article appeared Issue #5, 1996 of "30Days."

14. Apologetics - LENT.HTM - All About Lent
James Akin

What is Lent? What do we do during it? Why do we do what we do?

15. Apologetics - zathrelig.htm - An Atheist Defends Religion
Father John Flynn, LC

In "An Atheist Defends Religion: Why Humanity is Better Off with Religion Than Without It," (Alpha Books), Bruce Sheiman offers a new perspective on the contest between believers and atheists. He doesn't argue for the existence of God, but examines the value of religion itself as a cultural institution. ATHEISM MEANING SCIENCE MORALITY IMAGE OF GOD

16. Apologetics - DETECTIV.HTM - An Interactive Detective Story
Tony Kovach

Entertaining view of a detective's case for the Catholic Church as the true church founded by Christ. Covers the founding, early practices and teachings and the idea of salvation.

17. Apologetics - ANGELTR.HTM - Angels Are A 'Truth Of Faith'
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders explains what Catholics are to believe about angels. This article appeared in the July 28, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' ANGELS SAUNDERS SPIRITS BEINGS

18. Apologetics - ANOISICK.HTM - Anointing of the Sick: Medicine for Sinners
Fr. William Saunders

Didn't the sacrament of Anointing of the Sick used to be called "Extreme Unction"? Why did they change the name? Where did the sacrament come from? When should a person receive this sacrament and how many times? Fr. Saunders answers these questions in this column taken from the June 20, 1996 issue of "The Arlington Catholic Herald."

19. Apologetics - CE_APOLO.HTM - Apologetics
Catholic Encyclopedia

Article on Apologetics from the Catholic Encyclopedia (1913).

20. Apologetics - SCIART.HTM - Apologetics: Lost Science, Forgotten Art.
Jeffrey A. Mirus, Ph.D.

Explains apologetics as a science and an art. Mirus discusses the topic under its three traditional subdivisions of logos, pathos, and ethos. MIRUS APOLOGETICS LOGOS PATHOS ETHOS CHRIST THE CHURCH PAPACY

21. Apologetics - 07788A.HTM - Apostolic Indulgences
Catholic Encyclopedia

The indulgences known as Apostolic or Apostolical are those which the Roman pontiff, the successor of the Prince of the Apostles, attaches to the crosses, crucifixes, chaplets, rosaries, images, and medals which he blesses, either with his own hand or by those to whom he has delegated this faculty.

22. Apologetics - ASH_WED.HTM - Ash Wednesday
James Akin

What is Ash Wednesday and why is it important? What biblical parallels are involved.

23. Apologetics - BAPTHOPE.HTM - Baptist Church Hope
Kenneth R. Guindon

This is the story of a Baptist minister's conversion to Catholicism. This article appeared in 'This Rock' (published by Catholic Answers, San Diego, CA. tel. 619-541-1131) with a few modifications in the February 1994 issue. Ken Guindon now lives in Duarte, CA and can be reached at 818-357-4744 and is available for conference lectures. Uploaded by Kevin Finn. BAPTIST GUINDON CONVERSION

24. Apologetics - BECOCATH.HTM - Becoming a Catholic: Taking the First Step
Rev. Daniel L. Mode

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. MODE CONVERSION CATHOLIC CONVERT

25. Apologetics - BENBLSAC.HTM - Benediction Of The Blessed Sacrament
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders explains the history and practice of Benediction. This article appeared in the August 4, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS BENEDICTION DOMINICAE CENAE BLESSED SACRAMENT HOLY EUCHARIST

26. Apologetics - PROCATH.HTM - Bible Converts Protestant to Catholic Faith
Lois Day

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. DAY BIBLE CONVERT PROTESTANT

27. Apologetics - BIBPROVE.HTM - Bible Proves Real Presence of Christ in Eucharist
Rev. Daniel Maher

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. MAHER BIBLE CHRIST EUCHARIST REAL PRESENCE

28. Apologetics - FAWORKS.HTM - Bible Says Faith and Works Needed for Salvation
Sal Ciresi

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. CIRESI BIBLE FAITH WORKS SALVATION

29. Apologetics - PASCAL.HTM - Blaise Pascal: A Gambling Man?
Missionaries of the Blessed Sacrament

Pascal's wager, simply put, claims that an infinite 'prize' easily warrants a finite wager. Faith in the living God -- as proclaimed by the Catholic Church -- is rational... sound reasoning demands conversion! If you disagree with this statement you are invited to accept the challenge put forth in this file.

30. Apologetics - wallindiff.htm - Breaking Down the Wall of Indifference
Archbishop Gianfranco Ravasi

Archbishop Ravasi, President of the Pontifical Council for Culture, examines forms of unbelief found in our secularist culture. He distinguishes from rigorous atheism, the much more prevalent religious indifference, which is a sort of mental fog, in which ultimate questions seldom arise. LAICISM NIETZSCHE MARXISM HEGEL NEW AGE MEDIA

31. Apologetics - BROSIS.HTM - Brothers and Sisters of Jesus
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders answers the question, 'Did Jesus have brothers and sisters?' This article appeared in the July 21, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' JESUS SAUNDERS BROTHERS SISTERS

32. Apologetics - MAN_BECO.HTM - Can Man Progress To Godhood?
Kurt Van Gorden

We take the negative position and intend to prove our position by showing the impossibility of the contrary. We believe it is impossible to establish any one of the tests available -- the biblical, the logical, or the historical.

33. Apologetics - CHANGECD.HTM - Can the Pastor Change the Creed?
Fr. William Saunders

Father William Saunders assures us that 'no individual has the right to act like some liturgical cavalier and tamper with the words of the Creed.' This article appeared in the August 18, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS CREED INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE

34. Apologetics - CACANONI.HTM - Canonization
Catholic Answers

When did the custom of canonizing saints start, and is it true that canonizations are infallible? Here are excerpts from two articles on canonization of saints; they are taken from 'The New Catholic Encyclopedia'.

35. Apologetics - intfrfunes.htm - Canticle of Brother Extraterrestrial?
Francesco M. Valiante

One can admit the possibility of life on other worlds, perhaps more advanced than ours, without calling into question our faith in the Creation, the Incarnation and Redemption. These are the words of the astronomer priest, the words of José Gabriel Funes, director of the Specola Vaticana. SCIENCE ASTRONOMY BIG BANG UNIVERSE ATHEISM CREATION BIBLE ASTROBIOLOGY EVOLUTION GALILEO

36. Apologetics - zcardullapol.htm - Cardinal Dulles on the History of Apologetics
ZENIT

The great improvement in apologetics in recent years is to see it as a theological discipline, done from within the perspectives of faith, says Cardinal Avery Dulles, the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society at Fordham University in an updated version of his book "A History of Apologetics" (Ignatius). Cardinal Dulles shared his ideas about apologetics with ZENIT. EVANGELICALS PROBLEM OF EVIL SUFFERINGS BIBLE INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE ECUMENICAL ECUMENISM EVANGELIZATION

37. Apologetics - NWAPOLRV.HTM - Catholic Apologetics
Fr. William Most

The following areas, as well as others, are addressed in this file by Fr. Most: Modernism, Causes of Teenage Doubt, Existence of Miracles, Existence of God, Good God and Great Evils, Vatican Council II, Mormonism, Form Criticism.

38. Apologetics - CATHEVID.HTM - Catholic Evidence Training Outlines
Masie Ward

Originally published in 1929 by Sheed & Ward. Outlines written to prepare catechists and present the truths taught by the Catholic Church. Main purpose was to provide class outlines to prepare for street corner preaching, promoted by the Catholic Evidence Guild. These outlines can be used to form a fuller and more technical knowledge of the philosophy and theology of our Faith. Especially useful for the apologist. Provides a Bibliography for format.

39. Apologetics - CATHEVID.ZIP - Catholic Evidence Training Outlines
Masie Ward

Originally published in 1929 by Sheed & Ward. Outlines written to prepare catechists and present the truths taught by the Catholic Church. Main purpose was to provide class outlines to prepare for street corner preaching, promoted by the Catholic Evidence Guild. These outlines can be used to form a fuller and more technical knowledge of the philosophy and theology of our Faith. Especially useful for the apologist. Provides a Bibliography for format.

40. Apologetics - COMCOVE.HTM - Catholicism Completes Covenant for Jewish Convert
Marty Barrack

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. BARRACK JEW CONVERT CHURCH

41. Apologetics - BACAFM.HTM - Catholicism vs. Freemasonry-- Irreconcilable Forever
Fr. Robert Bradley, S.J.

points out that the goal of Freemasonry is the overthrow and replacement of the Christian religious and political order with a new order based on naturalism.This leaflet, item # 95415, may be obtained for 5 cents per copy from: World Apostolate of Fatima, Washington, New Jersey 07882-0976. FREEMASONRY BRADLEY NATURALISM

42. Apologetics - WHATELSE.HTM - Catholicism: What else is there?
Rev. James V. Schall, S.J.

'For born Catholics, familiarity with their faith can produce an inattentiveness to its inner coherence and its transcendent meaning. To be a 'born' Catholic is no doubt one thing; to see why remaining a Catholic makes intellectual sense is another. Yet, the function of the human mind is to know what it holds and why. The most dangerous thing we can do, as Chesterton remarked, is to doubt the capacity of our mind to know and to state, a

43. Apologetics - FUNDAME1.HTM - Catholics and Fundamentalists
Karl Keating\Catholic Answers

If you think Catholics worship Mary, pray to statues, and claim the Pope is equal to God, then you aren't rejecting Catholicism, but someone's misrepresentation of it. You deserve to have the facts before you make up your mind. This tract, which is just an overview, states a brief case for Catholicism in a few important areas.

44. Apologetics - CATHEVAN.HTM - Catholics vs. Evangelicals
Mary Jo Anderson

There is a Catholic crisis among evangelicals. Some evangelicals believe their brethren should be converting Catholics, not collaborating with them. The signing of "Evangicals and Catholics Together: The Christian Mission in the Third Millennium" has revealed deep divisions in the evangelical movement and, among the dissidents, a strong disregard for the Catholic Faith. Taken from the October 1995 issue of "Crisis" magazine.

45. Apologetics - RUSSELL.HTM - Charles Taze Russell
Cathleen A Koenig

Short biography of Charles Taze Russell, second president of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (Jehovah's Witnesses). Written by Cathleen A. Koenig. Published in the April 1992 issue of THIS ROCK magazine. KOENIG RUSSELL JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES WATCH TOWER THIS ROCK

46. Apologetics - risenindeed.htm - Christ Is Risen! He Has Risen Indeed!
Fr. Miguel Marie Soeherman, MFVA

At the Mass for Easter Sunday, 8 April 2007, Fr. Miguel delivered a homily at the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament, Hanceville, Alabama, in which he cited the historical evidence for the Resurrection of Christ. The most important evidence is our experience of Him in our own lives. COMMUNISM ATHEISM BURIAL CLOTHES APOLOGETICS

47. Apologetics - CACHRIST.HTM - Christadelphians and Resurrection
Catholic Answers

Christadelphians claim many people will never be awakened from death (cf. Is. 26:14, 43:17, Jer. 51:57). They say that Paul implies this in 1 Cor. 15:18, where he says that if there were no resurrection then those who have died in Christ would have perished. How can this be refuted?

48. Apologetics - EUR16CEN.HTM - Christian Europe. . .The Sixteenth Century
Knights of Columbus

Knights of Columbus tract. Chapters include: A United Christendom, Henry VIII's Royal Obstinacy, Simmering Grievances, Calvin's Welfare Church, Luther's Protest, Catholic Renewal.

49. Apologetics - EVNINDIA.HTM - Christopher Dawson and Dom Bede Griffiths on Catholic Evangelization of India
John Mulloy

Taken from the Spring 1993 issue of 'The Dawson Newsletter' P.O. Box 332, Fayetteville, AR 72702, John J. Mulloy, Editor. DAWSON GRIFFITHS INDIA EVANGELIZATION MULLOY

50. Apologetics - TRACTS.ZIP - Collection of Catholic Answers Tracts
Catholic Answers

This is a collection of all the Catholic Answers tracts available in the online Tract viewer. You need PKUNZIP 2.x or the equivalent to decompress this file. TRACTS COLLECTION CATHOLIC ANSWERS

51. Apologetics - FKBCONTR.HTM - Contraception
This Rock Magazine

Taken from the series the "Fathers Know Best" from the January 1996 issue of "This Rock" magazine. Contains quotes of the Fathers which show that contraception has been considered as evil from the early days of the Church.

52. Apologetics - APLSUM.HTM - Critical Basis for Apologetics
Fr. William Most

Franciscan Way, Steubenville, OH 43952 Notes by Fr. William Most (advisor of the Divine Revelation section) on how to answer those who argue that the New Testament writings have little connection with the historical Jesus and so there is little basis for the faith expressed in the gospels and by the early Church. APOLOGETICS SCRIPTURE JESUS HISTORY NEW TESTAMENT MIRACLES

53. Apologetics - zdefaith.htm - Defending Faith
Father John Flynn, LC

Religion is not only mad, but also bad, at least according to many of the new atheists who have vociferously attacked God and religion in the last few years. Many of them accuse religion of being a propagator of division, hate and violence. Not true, replied David Brog, a Jewish author and executive director of Christians United for Israel. The Judeo-Christian tradition has been the West's most effective curb on the dangerous tendencies in human nature that can propitiate violence, he argued. CRUSADES INTOLERANCE INQUISITION IMAGE OF GOD HUMAN LIFE SCIENCE

54. Apologetics - DEUTEROS.HTM - Defending The Deuterocanonicals
James Akin

Catholics added seven books to the Bible, right? Wrong! The facts of history show that it was Reformation-era Protestants who cut them out. Also contains the text of a Fathers Know Best piece from 'This Rock' magazine showing the early Church Fathers & Councils honored these books.

55. Apologetics - 07168A.HTM - Devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Catholic Encyclopedia

This file explains the nature and the history of devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

56. Apologetics - 07163A.HTM - Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Catholic Encyclopedia

The treatment of this subject is divided into two parts: I. Doctrinal Explanations; II. Historical Ideas.

57. Apologetics - PETPOPE.HTM - Did Jesus Really Make Peter Pope?
Fr. William Saunders

This article appeared in the October 20, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS PETER PAPACY POPE ROCK

58. Apologetics - VISHELL.HTM - Did Jesus Really Visit Hell?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders answers the question, 'What do we mean when we say in the Apostles' Creed that Jesus descended into hell?' Article appeared in the March 24, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' HELL APOSTLES CREED SAUNDERS

59. Apologetics - PIUSJEWS.HTM - Did Pius XII Remain Silent?
Fr. William Saunders

This article by Fr. William Saunders refutes the accusation that Pius XII did nothing to help the Jews during the Nazi holocaust. Taken from the April 14, 1994 issue of the 'Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS PIUS XII JEWS NAZIS HOLOCAUST

60. Apologetics - zdiscsecular.htm - Disciple of Secularism Turns Catholic
ZENIT

In his latest book, the author who interviewed many people, including the last two Popes, himself becomes the subject of an inquiry, leading him to reveal his story of conversion. In this interview with ZENIT, conducted by Nicolas de Cardenas, Vittorio Messori talks about his latest book, "Por qué creo" [Why I Believe]. TORNIELLI FAITH REASON AGNOSTICISM CRUCIFIXES EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROTESTANTISM

61. Apologetics - BELDEVIL.HTM - Do We Believe In Devils?
Fr. Patrick McHugh

This article taken from the August/September 1995 issue of Homiletic and Pastoral Review deals with the need of Catholics to become more aware of the demonic that heavily infects our secular society. MCHUGH DEMONIC DEVIL SATAN

62. Apologetics - BEANGEL.HTM - Do We Still Believe in Angels?
Fr. William Saunders

With all the talk about angels, the multitude of pictures and books about them, and even the television shows with angels, why don't we ever hear more about them? Don't we still believe in them?

63. Apologetics - CATHDIFF.HTM - Does Being Catholic Make a Difference?
Rev. Ray Ryland

This article is reprinted from the May 1995 issue of magazine.

64. Apologetics - GODIS.HTM - Does God Exist?
St. Thomas Aquinas

Proof of the existence of God taken from the following sources: 'Summa Theologica,' by St. Thomas Aquinas, 'A Companion to the Summa,' by Walter Farrell OP, 'Apologetics and Catholic Doctrine,' by Most Rev. M. Sheehan and 'Catholicism and Reason,' by Hayes, Hayes and Drummey. 'Catholicism and Reason' is in print from Prow Books. GOD EXISTENCE CAUSE EFFECT MOTION INTELLIGENCE CONTINGENCY PERFECTION DESIGN

65. Apologetics - CREMATE.HTM - Does the Church Forbid Cremation?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders discusses the Catholic Church's position on cremation. This article appeared in the January 12, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS CREMATION BURIAL

66. Apologetics - PENANCE.HTM - Doing Penance
James Akin

The biblically-mandate d practice of temporal atonement is the same as the practice of doing penance over one's sins.

67. Apologetics - INFALLIB.HTM - Dr. Carroll on Papal Infallibility
Dr. Warren Carroll

In response to a question on CRNET, Dr. Carroll discusses infallibility and states that the 'truth of the doctrine of papal infallibility is historically incontrovertible.' CARROLL INFALLIBILITY PIUS IX

68. Apologetics - PREPPEN.HTM - Eucharistic Fasting: Preparation and Penance
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders explains the Church's discipline of fasting before receiving Holy Communion. This article appeared in the June 8, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS EUCHARIST FASTING PENANCE COMMUNION

69. Apologetics - 1ORTHO.HTM - Evangelicals Who Journey East
Rev. Ray Ryland

Why are so many Evangelicals--especially those in leadershippositions--joining Eastern Churches instead of the Catholic Church. This article is reprinted from the April 1995 issue of magazine.

70. Apologetics - EVANGEL.HTM - Evangelization in the United States: Past, Present and Future
Fr. C. John McCloskey

Fr. C. John McCloskey traces the development of the Church in America from its beginnings, gives an analysis of the present situation and finishes with a positive assessment for the future. The Reverend C. John McCloskey III S.T.D. is the chaplain of Mercer House, a center of Opus Dei in Princeton, N.J. This file is taken from Scepter Booklet #197. MCCLOSKEY EVANGELIZATION UNITED STATES

71. Apologetics - EVEMAP.HTM - Evolution, Empty Tomb, Apologetics
Arnold Lunn

This essay by the famed apologist and author discusses materialism. Taken from the February 1995 issue of 'This Rock'. LUNN MATERIALISM EVOLUTION APOLOGETICS RESURRECTION

72. Apologetics - EXPLAIN.HTM - Explaining an Annulment
Fr. William Saunders

Explains why a Catholic annulment is not the same thing as a divorce. Appeared in the May 16, 1996 issue of the "Arlington Catholic Herald."

73. Apologetics - EXPLINFA.HTM - Explaining the Idea of Infallibility
Fr. William Saunders

This article appeared in the January 5, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS INFALLIBILITY POPE

74. Apologetics - EXTRECCL.HTM - Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus (Outside the Church there is no salvation)
Michael J. Mazza

Father Feeney Makes a Comeback This article appeared in the December 1994 issue of 'Fidelity'. MAZZA FEENEY PATRISTICS LEFEBVRE FEENEYISM

75. Apologetics - BONIFACE.HTM - Give me an Axe, Saint Boniface!
Catherine Dalzell

This is the sequel to NHM.DOC. Darwinian 'survival of the fittest' is being replaced in the popular imagination by what are called 'holistic' theories of nature. Like the Darwinian infatuation, these frequently owe more to the imagination than to fact. Uploaded by author & CRNET member Catherine Dalzell. DALZELL EVOLUTION DARWIN NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM

76. Apologetics - GRACALON.HTM - Grace Alone
Deal W. Hudson

Excellent short article about the confusion over what Catholics believe about salvation. Taken from the October 1995 issue of "Crisis" magazine.

77. Apologetics - MEAGHER.HTM - Hard Time, Hard Questions
Rick Culp and Tom Meagher

This article was written by Rick Culp and Tom Meagher, who are presently incarcerated in the state prison at Ionia, Michigan. This article reprinted from the January 1995 issue of This Rock magazine gives their conversion story.

78. Apologetics - SURPRISE.HTM - His Open Arms Welcomed Me
Paul Thigpen

Taken from the book 'Surprised by Truth' edited by Patrick Madrid. This book features eleven conversion stories unlike any you've ever read. They're packed with biblical, theological, and historical proofs for Catholicism.

79. Apologetics - CAJEHOV1.HTM - History and Techniques of the Jehovah's Witnesses
Catholic Answers

If you walk through the downtown area of a large city, you see them standing in pairs on street comers, usually not smiling. They hold up copies of Awake! or The Watchtower. They'd like you to purchase a copy, but they'll give you one for free if you ask. They're the Jehovah's Witnesses.

80. Apologetics - CAHOLYWA.HTM - Holy Water
Catholic Answers

Are there any Bible verses I can cite to support the use of holy water? Fundamentalists say holy water is a superstition that has no basis in the Bible.

81. Apologetics - CMFAITH.HTM - How Are We Saved?
Christopher Mirus

We cannot pick and choose what we believe about faith and salvation. The Church clearly teaches that we are justified by the free gift of God's grace. If we do not resist this first grace when it is given, we are immediately justified. Along with this grace we are given the three theological virtues. MIRUS SAVED FAITH HOPE CHARITY

82. Apologetics - CONTRAD.HTM - How Can the Church be Infallible If One Church Council Contradicts Another?
Dr. Jeffrey Mirus

Question posted on EWTN: "If the teachings from all the Church Councils through the centuries are considered infallible, it is difficult to reconcile the teaching from the Council after the Reformation about salvation only through the Catholic Church with the teaching from Vatican II that there is some truth in every religion. Are the teachings of all Councils infallible? Is there a contradiction in these two Councils?" Dr. Jeffrey Mirus explains how to reconcile the apparent conflict.

83. Apologetics - HOWNAME.HTM - How Did the Catholic Church Get Her Name?
Kenneth D. Whitehead

'The name appears in Christian literature for the first time around the end of the first century. By the time it was written down, it had certainly already been in use, for the indications are that everybody understood exactly what was meant by the name when it was written.' This article was taken from the May/June issue of 'The Catholic Answer. WHITEHEAD CATHOLIC CHURCH NAME

84. Apologetics - STCROSS.HTM - How Did the Stations of the Cross Begin?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders answers this question in this article from the March 10, 1994 issue of Arlington Catholic Herald. SAUNDERS STATIONS CROSS LENT DEVOTIONS

85. Apologetics - PETTY.HTM - How My Parish Fought Off an Invasion
Rev. Edward C. Petty

His quiet town had no trouble until a Fundamentalist denomination leased the old theater, turned it into a church, and targeted Catholics. But at the end, not a single Catholic was lost. This article is reprinted from the February 1995 issue of This Rock magazine.

86. Apologetics - OLDCHU.HTM - How Old is Your Church?
Unknown

A short survey of the dates of origin of various churches. CHURCH FOUNDING CATHOLIC PROTESTANT FOUNDERS AGE HISTORY

87. Apologetics - SABBATH.HTM - How Should We Keep the Sabbath?
Fr. William Saunders

'I was wondering if you could comment about the true meaning and implications of keeping the Sabbath in our very complex and busy modern times.' Fr. William Saunders counsels us that despite our complex and busy modern times we must strive to keep holy the Lord's Day. This article appeared in the May 25, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS SABBATH SUNDAY

88. Apologetics - HOW2.HTM - How to Become a Catholic
James Akin

'Becoming a Catholic is one of the most profound and joyous exeriences of life. Some are blessed enough to receive this great gift while they are still infants, and over the course of time they grow into a recognition of the enormous grace that has been bestowed upon them, of the dignity and wonder of their identity as Catholics. Others come into the Catholic fold while they are older children or adults. In these cases it is necessary for people to have a gra

89. Apologetics - HOW2PURG.HTM - How to Explain Purgatory to Protestants
James Akin

Okay, your protestant friend or co-worker approches you and wants to talk purgatory. What should you tell him? Find out here.

90. Apologetics - HUNTWHOR.HTM - Hunt-ing the Whore of Babylon
James Akin

Parts I & II A refutation of Dave Hunt's new book, 'A Women Rides the Beast: The Catholic Church in the Last Days.' These articles were taken from the September and October, 1994 issues of 'This Rock,' published by Catholic Answers. AKIN HUNT BABYLON LAST DAYS PREMILLENNIALISM ANTI-CATHOLIC

91. Apologetics - NOTRISEN.HTM - If Jesus Christ Had Not Risen From the Dead . . .
Gianni Valente

". . . faith would be futile. A lie. The faithful would all be idealists deceived. Witnesses to an absence. Ecclesiastics would be motivated solely by a thirst for power, that is, in hatred of the happiness of each and every man." This article taken from "30Days" discusses the tendency among many in the Church to idealize the Resurrection, that is to make of it a product of Faith rather than primarily an historical fact.

92. Apologetics - CAIMCON.HTM - Immaculate Conception and Assumption
Karl Keating/Catholic Answers

The Marian doctrines are, for fundamentalists, among the most annoying of the doctrines most people identify as peculiarly Catholic. Fundamentalists disapprove of any talk about Mary as the Mother of God, as the Mediatrix, as the Mother of the Church. This tract examines briefly two Marian doctrines that fundamentalist writers frequently complain about, the Immaculate Conception and the Assumption.

93. Apologetics - MORMON2.HTM - In Search of 'The Great Apostasy'
Patrick Madrid

Background of Mormonism's founder Joseph Smith. MORMON JOSEPH SMITH MADRID

94. Apologetics - INCREDJW.HTM - Incredible Creed of the Jehovah's Witnesses
Rev. Dr. Rumble, M.S.C.

Read about the background, founders and beliefs of the Jehovah Witnesses in this file. RUSSELL RUTHERFORD KNORR

95. Apologetics - INDULG.HTM - Indulgences
Tom Sullivan

Tom Sullivan from St. Joseph Communications responds to a question on CRNET about indulgences. SULLIVAN INDULGENCES

96. Apologetics - 07783A.HTM - Indulgences
Catholic Encyclopedia

An indulgence is the extra-sacramental remission of the temporal punishment due, in God's justice, to sin that has been forgiven, which remission is granted by the Church in the exercise of the power of the keys, through the application of the superabundant merits of Christ and of the saints, and for some just and reasonable motive. This file provides a history of indulgences and answers the questions: What are the various kinds of indulgences? Who can grant indulgences? What are the dispositions necessary to gain an indulgence?.

97. Apologetics - INQUIS2.HTM - Inquisitive About the Inquisition
Father William Saunders

Every now and then, I have heard people bring up the Inquisition and use it to slam against the Church. What are the facts about the Inquisition? -- A reader in Woodbridge, VA

98. Apologetics - INSIDTEM.HTM - Inside a Mormon Temple
Isaiah Bennett

This article is reprinted from the June 1995 issue of magazine.

99. Apologetics - INSPIR.HTM - Inspiration, Tradition, and Scripture
James Akin

What is the relationship between divine inspiration and Tradition and Scripture? Is Apostolic Tradition inspired? Should we trust it if it's not? Read this file and find out!

100. Apologetics - ISGODAGI.HTM - Is God Against Christmas
Raymond L. Cox

If you listen to certain partisans you might adopt that idea! With the annual approach of this holiday, writers burst into print, radio preachers harangue and pulpiteers propagandize against observance of Christmas. 'Christmas is a pagan holiday!' thunder some. 'Christians shouldn't celebrate Christmas!' warn others. 'God's against Christmas!'

101. Apologetics - DEATHPEN.HTM - Is the Death Penalty Wrong?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders explains the Church's teaching on capital punishment. This article appeared in the February 23, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS DEATH PENALTY CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

102. Apologetics - REALLYSC.HTM - Is the Mass Really a Sacrifice?
Fr. William Saunders

A friend of mine who belongs to an evangelical church was asking me about the Mass. She read a quote from Hebrews, which seemed to say that the Mass could not be a sacrifice. Can you help me in this matter? Fr. William Saunders replies to this question. Taken from the April 13, 1995 issue of the 'Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS MASS SACRIFICE

103. Apologetics - FRWILL.HTM - Is There Free Will in Heaven?
Fr. William Saunders

Father I have always assumed that any human who merits heaven after this valley of tears is in heaven forever. However, in view of the fact that the bad angels were in heaven (I presume) and rebelled against God, it is not possible that those of us who are saved could rebel against God in heaven? I guess my question is, do we exercise free will in heaven? This article appeared in the February 15, 1996 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.'

104. Apologetics - ISADEVIL.HTM - Is There Really a Devil?
Fr. William Saunders

Using Scripture Father Saunders provides an answer to whether or not the devil really exists. This article appeared in the October 27, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS SATAN DEVIL LUCIFER

105. Apologetics - ISLAM.HTM - Islam (Concept)
Catholic Encyclopedia

A short essay on the original meaning of the word "islam," its religious meaning, and the concept(s) it represents. MUSLIM KORAN IMAN DIN

106. Apologetics - CABLOOD.HTM - Jehovah's Witnesses - Blood Transfusions
Catholic Answers

Why won't they accept blood transfusions, even when their lives are in jeopardy?

107. Apologetics - WITWATCH.HTM - Jehovah's Witnesses and the Watchtower
David Wesley

Chapter 1: God's Mistake, Chapter 2: An Honest Devil, Chapter 3: The Truth is False, Chapter 4: May The Force Be With You, Chapter 5: Dishonour Thy Mother, Chapter 6: Thou Shalt Bear False Witness, Chapter 7: The Kingless Kingdom, Chapter 8: Faith Without Faith

108. Apologetics - JCESTAB.HTM - Jesus Christ Established A Visible Church on Earth....
Fritz Tuttle

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. TUTTLE CHURCH CHRIST

109. Apologetics - BOASTING.HTM - Jewish and Christian Boasting in Romans
James Akin

'Everybody knows that in Romans Paul attacks Jews for boasting in their own righteousness before God!' Well then everybody is wrong.

110. Apologetics - JRUTHER.HTM - Judge Rutherford
Cathleen A. Koenig

Short biography of Joseph Franklin ('Judge') Rutherford, second president of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (Jehovah's Witnesses). Written by Cathleen A. Koenig, published in the December 1993 issue of THIS ROCK magazine. KOENIG RUTHERFORD JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES WATCH TOWER THIS ROCK

111. Apologetics - JUSTWAR.HTM - Just War For Modern Time (Part 1 & 2)
Fr. William Saunders

Recently, I have heard about the Clinton administration's planned invasion of Haiti. Would this be considered moral? What would be the criteria for a 'just war' in today's world? Fr. Saunders provides us with a review of the just war theory. These articles appeared in the September 22 and September 29, 1994 issues of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS JUST WAR HAITI

112. Apologetics - JUSBYFAI.HTM - Justification by Faith
William Marshner

"The Catholic Church holds that faith in Jesus Christ is not saving faith unless it bears fruit in good works. Vice-versa, the Church holds that such works are so intimately joined to faith, that, without them, it is impossible for the believer to grow or persevere in his faith.(l) In this way, good works are necessary for salvation." This file is Appendix 4 from "Reasons for Hope" published by Christendom Press.

113. Apologetics - JUSFAITH.HTM - Justification by Faith
Rev. Brian W. Harrison, M.A., S.T.L.

St. Paul very often expresses his doctrine regarding grace and salvation in terms of 'justification by faith,'and not by 'works,' or 'works of the law.' Protestant Christians often place great emphasis on these words, but without understanding them correctly, in the light of Catholic Tradition.

114. Apologetics - JUSTIF.HTM - Justification in Catholic Teaching
James Akin

'Protestants and Catholics need not fight over whether there are such things as merits. And they need not fight over the term 'merit' (remember Paul's command in 2Tim. 2:14 to avoid quarrels about terminology). They also need not fight about which phase of justification the idea of merit applies to.' James Akin explains the Church's teaching with the Decree On Justification from the Council of Trent (1545-1564).

115. Apologetics - JAMES2.HTM - Justification in James 2
James Akin

The phrase 'faith alone' does occur in Scripture - once - and there it is rejected. James tells us 'You see then that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone.' Find out what he meant by this. Its more subtle than you expect.

116. Apologetics - SOLAFIDE.HTM - Justification: 'By Faith Alone?'
James Akin

'Many Protestants today realize that Catholics adhere to two of the important 'solas' related to salvation sola gratia (by grace alone) and solo Christo (by Christ alone)but fewer are aware that Catholics can also accept the formula of justification sola fide (by faith alone), provided this phrase is properly understood.'

117. Apologetics - KEATING.HTM - Keating for the Defense
Tim Ryland

Profile of life and work of Karl Keating of Catholic Answers, Inc.

118. Apologetics - LETADVEN.HTM - Letter to a Seventh-Day Adventist
James Likoudis

This is a letter from James Likoudis, president emeritus of Catholics United for the Faith, to a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Mr. Likoudis answers an attack on the infallibility of the Pope. LIKOUDIS ADVENTIST POPE INFALLIBILITY

119. Apologetics - ISLAMIND.HTM - Library Documents on Islam
EWTN

An index page listing documents in our library on Islam in its relationship to Christianity. KORAN MUSLIM MUSLEM MUHAMMAD MOHAMMED MAHOMET MARY FATIMA MOORS GUADALUPE LEPANTO ROSARY INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE

120. Apologetics - FR90302.HTM - Logic and the Foundations of Protestantism
Fr. Brian Harrison

The Lutheran doctrine of 'sola scriptura' is the basic tenet of the Protestant theological enterprise. Fr. Brian Harrison, drawing upon the richness of his own personal experience, demonstrates this non-scriptural doctrine to be hopelessly inadequate. This article is taken from the Fall 1990 issue of 'Faith & Reason.' Published by Christendom Press, 2101 Shenandoah Shores Road, Front Royal, VA 22630, (800) 877-5456. HARRISON SOLA SCR

121. Apologetics - MARYMEDI.HTM - Mary as Mediatrix
Fr. William Saunders

Why is Mary referred to as the 'mediatrix?' Fr. Saunders answers this question posed in an article which appeared in the December 8, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' MARY MEDIATRIX SAUNDERS

122. Apologetics - MARYCLEO.HTM - Mary of Cleophas
Christopher Y Wong

"And there were standing by the cross of Jesus His mother and His mother's sister, Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalen." How should we understand "His mother's sister," literally, as in having the same parents, or in the same sense that Jesus's "brothers" are to be understood as close relatives?

123. Apologetics - IRRIRR.HTM - Mary's Assumption: Irrelevant and Irreverent?
Mark Brumley

The Assumption seems irrelevant to some Catholics and irreverent to some Protestants. This article explains both the reverence and relevancy of the Assumption in light of the mystery of Christ.

124. Apologetics - DURBIRTH.HTM - Mary's Virginity During Jesus' Birth
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders explains the Catholic dogma that Mary remained a virgin after the birth of Christ. This article appeared in the August 11, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS MARY VIRGIN BIRTH

125. Apologetics - MOTHEGOD.HTM - Mary, Mother of God
Fr. William Saunders

Father answers the assertion that 'God has no mother.' This article appeared in the December 22, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS MARY MOTHER GOD

126. Apologetics - HONOMARY.HTM - Mary, Why Honor Her?
Bob Stanley

Why would anyone want to honor Mary? After all, Jesus is paramount and we should go directly to Him. We do not need her.....or do we? Bob Stanley examines this question using Scripture and the power of reasoning.

127. Apologetics - MODTEACH.HTM - Modern Teachings on Contraception
Fr. William Saunders

'A question for you regarding Catholics who practice artificial birth control: What is their status in the Church? Are they committing mortal sin? I feel that this is a much misunderstood question by most Catholics, including myself. To further muddle the issue, what is the Church's position when one's spouse does not want to practice NFP?' This article appeared in the November 9, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.'

128. Apologetics - MORMHOME.HTM - Mormon Finds Home in Catholic Church
Steve Clifford

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. CLIFFORD MORMON CONVERT CHURCH

129. Apologetics - MORMON3.HTM - Mormon Missionaries: My First Encounter
Patrick Madrid

Taken from 'This Rock Magazine' published by Catholic Answers. MADRID MORMON

130. Apologetics - MRMNSM.HTM - Mormonism
Fr. William Most

A list of 7 beliefs held by Mormons. Compiled by Fr. William Most. GODS JESUS HOLY SPIRIT BIBLE AMERICAN INDIANS MORMONISM MOST

131. Apologetics - CAMORM2.HTM - Mormonism's Baptism for the Dead
Catholic Answers

On any given day, in each of the more than forty temples around the world, thousands of faithful Mormons are baptized vicariously for the dead. For them, the whole point behind genealogical work is the idea that those who died as non-Mormons can be baptized vicariously and thus become Mormons posthumously. This article by Catholic Answers explains Catholic teaching and shows the falsity of the Mormon position.

132. Apologetics - CAMORM3.HTM - Mormonism's Doublethink
Catholic Answers

George Orwell, in his novel 1984, did Christian apologists a great favor by coining the term 'doublethink,' which he defined as 'the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.' It's the most succinct way of describing certain religious beliefs. For an illustration of double think one need look no further than the Mormon Church's doctrines about God.

133. Apologetics - APOL.ZIP - Most Apologetics Collection
Fr. William Most

Zip file contains 57 files by Fr. William Most on subjects relating to apologetics.

134. Apologetics - MODEFEAT.HTM - Mother of God Defeats Early Church Heresy
Monica & George Bonina

Taken from 'The Catholic Truth' Vol. 1 No. 1 June 1995. Entire issue may be downloaded in file CATHTR11.ZIP. BONINA MARY HERESY

135. Apologetics - CAHAMMA.HTM - Nag Hammadi
Catholic Answers

What are the Nag Hammadi writings, and do they reveal anything we don't already know about Christ or the Bible?

136. Apologetics - MORMON.HTM - Oddities of Mormon Theology
Catholic Answers

Discusses some of the strange beliefs of the Morman religion.

137. Apologetics - HISTERMS.HTM - On His Terms, Not Ours
Ray Ryland

The conversion story of a former Episcopalian priest and his wife. Ray Ryland gets ordained to the Catholic priesthood--with his wife's approval. This article appeared in the January 1995 issue of 'This Rock' magazine. RYLAND EPISCOPALIAN CONVERSION PRIESTHOOD

138. Apologetics - OPUSDEI.HTM - Opus Dei: Its Mission, Structure and Members
ZENIT

An explanation of Opus Dei's mission, canonical status, and kinds of membership. ESCRIVA HOLINESS APOSTOLATE PRELATURE COLLEGIALITY

139. Apologetics - ORALTRAD.HTM - Oral Tradition in the New Testament
David Palm

This article is reprinted from the May 1995 issue of This Rock magazine.

140. Apologetics - IMCONCEP.HTM - Orthodoxy and the the doctrine of the Immaculate
Dave Brown

Conception of the Theotokos-- Unique to the modern Roman Church (cont..) or ancient Eastern tradition? Has Eastern Orthodoxy always opposed the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Theotokos, the Mother of God?

141. Apologetics - MIRINFAL.HTM - Papal Infallibility
Jeffrey Mirus

A consideration of the grounds for Papal Infallibility originally posted in the Experts section in response to a question there. MIRUS POPE INFALLIBILITY EX CATHEDRA

142. Apologetics - ANCIDEVO.HTM - Perpetual Adoration: An Ancient Devotion in Modern Times
Mike Aquilina

At a time when surveys are showing that belief in Christ's Eucharistic Presence is slipping even among churchgoing Catholics, such devotions can play an important role in restoring authentic Catholic faith at a popular level. This file provides a good outline of perpetual adoration.

143. Apologetics - PHREMIND.HTM - Physical Reminders of Our Faith
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders discusses the ancient tradition in the Catholic Church of wearing religious medals. This article appeared in the June 6, 1996 issue of "The Arlington Catholic Herald."

144. Apologetics - PILLAR.HTM - Pillar of Fire, Pillar of Truth
Karl Keating/Catholic Answers

Complete text of Catholic Answers' booklet, of which 225,000 copies were given out in Denver at World Youth Day. CHURCH APOLOGETICS CATHOLIC ANSWERS PETER TRADITION SCRIPTURE

145. Apologetics - P12HOLO.HTM - Pius XII and the Holocaust A Reader
Robert A. Graham, S.J.

On the history of Pius XII and his resistance to The Holocaust in Nazi Germany. Written with full access to the Vatican Archives, authorized by Pope Paul VI, by the Catholic League For Religious and Civil Rights. Also contains "A Question of Judgment: Pius XII and the Jews", by Dr. Joseph L. Lichten.

146. Apologetics - FACTSP12.HTM - Pius XII and the Jews - Fact Sheet
National Assoc. of Catholic Families

This file provides an answer to the critics of Pope Pius XII who slur the Holy Father with their claims that he refused to help the Jews during the Nazi Holocaust. This article first appeared in Catholic Family #10, Autumn 1991. PIUS XII JEWS NAZIS HOLOCAUST

147. Apologetics - POPEAPOL.HTM - Pope Fiction: Answers to Five Myths and Misconceptions About the Papacy
Patrick Madrid

This article from Envoy addresses five common myths about the papacy. POPE ROME APOLOGETIC

148. Apologetics - QUOPIUS.HTM - Pope St. Pius V and Quo Primum: Did the Pope Intend to Bind His Successors from Changing the Tridentine Mass?
Dr. Jeffrey Mirus

Dr. Mirus discusses the the difference between policy and dogma and the binding force of Quo Primum.

149. Apologetics - WCRB.HTM - Priestly Celibacy
Karl Keating

Taken from the book 'What Catholics Really Believe: Setting the Record Straight' by Karl Keating. Drawing upon Scripture and the Catholic tradition, the author not only shows the logical errors in these positions, but clearly spells out Catholic teaching and explains the rationale behind frequently misunderstood doctrines and practices.

150. Apologetics - CAMORM1.HTM - Problems with the Book of Mormon
Catholic Answers

In these 'latter days,' there are few people who haven't been visited at least once by Mormon missionaries. At some point in your doorstep dialogue these earnest young men will entreat you to accept a copy of the Book of Mormon. The awkward part for the Mormon Church is the total lack of historical and archaeological evidence to support the Book of Mormon. This file by Catholic Answers will be of great help in explaining the truth.

151. Apologetics - PCBIB.HTM - Protestant and Catholic Bibles
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders answers the question, 'Why does the Catholic version of the Bible have more books than the Protestant version? This article appeared in the September 1, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' BIBLE CATHOLIC PROTESTANT SAUNDERS

152. Apologetics - PROTPAST.HTM - Protestant Pastors on the Road to Rome
Elizabeth Altham

A look at Protestant pastors who have converted to Catholicism over the past 10 years, including the remarkable role of Gorden-Conwell Theological Seminary, formerly a Carmelite monastery.

153. Apologetics - PURGATOR.HTM - Purgatory
James Akin

A fundamental truth of the Christian faith is that we will not be sinning in heaven. Sin and final glorification are incompatible. Therefore between the sinfulness of this life and the glories of heaven we must be made pure. Between death and glory there is a purification.

154. Apologetics - PURGBAS.HTM - Purgatory
Fr. Frank Sofie

Basic information on Purgatory compiled by Fr. Sofie, a priest of the diocese of Mobile.

155. Apologetics - CATHFUND.HTM - Purgatory
Karl Keating

Chapter taken from the book 'Catholicism & Fundamentalism.' This book is the only full-length treatment of the issues arising between Catholics & Fundamentalists (& also Evangelicals). Anti-Catholic challanges are presented in the words of the challangers thmselves. then the Catholic teaching on each major issue in dispute-from infant baptism to inspiration, from the papacy to penance, from saints to salvation - is demonstrated from Scripture, writings of the earliest Christians, & common sense

156. Apologetics - INQUISIT.HTM - Questions Concerning the Spanish Inquisition
Terry W. Specht

Significant facts about the Inquisition in Spain, set in historical context. JEWS MUSLIMS AUTO-DE-FEY CONVERSOS

157. Apologetics - RECEIVHC.HTM - Receiving Holy Communion
Fr William Saunders

Father instructs us on the proper reception of Holy Communion and gives advice as to what we should do if we see someone fail to consume the host. This article appeared in the November 11, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS HOLY COMMUNION

158. Apologetics - COOPERAT.HTM - Resisting and Cooperating with God
James Akin

Calvinists are often horrified when they hear of Catholics talking about resisting grace or cooperating with God. This article shows that the Bible itself uses this language.

159. Apologetics - 12789A.HTM - Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Catholic Encyclopedia

This article treats of the fact of Christ's Resurrection, the theories opposed to this fact, its characteristics, and the reasons for its importance.

160. Apologetics - RIGHTEOU.HTM - Righteousness and Merit
James Akin

Two Catholic doctrines which are phenomenally confusing to Protestants are the Catholic understandings of righteousness and merit. This article will help clarify the reason for this confusion.

161. Apologetics - WHATARE.HTM - Sacramentals: What Are They?
Regina Doman

Catholics who choose to weave the use of sacramentals into their daily lives can experience a richer, more textured Catholicism.

162. Apologetics - PASTPRES.HTM - Salvation Past, Present, and Future
James Akin

The Bible shows salvation is not something you just receive at the beginning of your Christian life.

163. Apologetics - PIUS12JW.HTM - Saviour of the Jews
Michael O'Carroll

Based on extensive research carried out in the Nuremberg papers, the Vatican War documents and Jewish historiography and backed by the testimony of prominent Jews, Michael O'Carroll C.S.Sp. defends the name of Pope Pius XII. O'CARROLL PIUS XII JEWS GERMANY NAZIS HITLER

164. Apologetics - SCRIALON.HTM - Scripture Alone
George Sim Johnston

Excellent short article about "sola Scriptura". Taken from the October 1995 issue of "Crisis" magazine.

165. Apologetics - CANDLES.HTM - Shedding Light on Use of Votive Candles
Fr. William Suanders

This article by Fr. William Saunders appeared in the July 14, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Herald.' Gives the background on the use of votive candles. CANDLES SAUNDERS VOTIVE

166. Apologetics - SHEDLIGH.HTM - Shedding Light on Votive Candles
Fr. William Saunders

Why do some Catholic Churches have votive candles? What is the background of this practice? Fr. Saunders answers these questions in this article taken from the August 1, 1996 issue of the "Arlington Catholic Herald."

167. Apologetics - SLAVERY.HTM - Slavery
Fr. William Most

Fr. William Most examines the history of the Church's position on slavery, showing that she has never endorsed it and for most of her history has been a staunch enemy of it. JOHN VIII PAUL III GREGORY XVI NICHOLAS V

168. Apologetics - VAT-2.HTM - Some Myths about Vatican II
Michael Hains

A brief article on some myths about Vatican II. Did Vatican II really change Church teachings? Read and find out! VATICAN FAITH MYTHS

169. Apologetics - dontbelieve - Some Things That Catholics Do Not Believe
Very Rev. Joseph Di Bruno, D.D.

In this short article, an excerpt from an 1888 book, the author succinctly defeats certain common objections against the Catholic Faith. APOLOGETICS MARY, SAINTS GRACE SCRIPTURE SALVATION

170. Apologetics - BELIASSU.HTM - Straight Answers
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders explains our Catholic belief in the Assumption of the Blessed Mother. SAUNDERS ASSUMPTION MARY

171. Apologetics - SEXWRONG.HTM - Straight Answers
Fr. William Saunders

Recently, the 'Washington Post' had an article on the front page about a student at Catholic University. The student plays basketball, and has his girlfriend and their child ride in the team van to watch the games. Am I missing something, or has the Church stopped teaching that premarital sex is wrong?

172. Apologetics - SUICIDE.HTM - Suicide: Gravity and Responsibility
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders answers the following question: 'What is the Church's teaching regarding suicide? I always thought suicide was a mortal sin, so how is it that a person can be buried in the Church?' This article appeared in the July 6, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS SUICIDE DEATH BURIAL

173. Apologetics - SURVIV.HTM - Survivals and New Arrivals
Hillaire Belloc

Published in 1992 by Tan Books. Probably Hilaire Belloc's most important book. This great Catholic historian analyzes for us what is the position of the Catholic Church in the world today, particularly as seen vis-a-vis her enemies. See DiCarlo BookSellers in the Marketplace to order. CULTURE GREEK PROTESTANT CATHOLIC GERMANY ENGLAND BIBLE MATERIALISM

174. Apologetics - SURVIV.ZIP - Survivals and New Arrivals
Hillaire Belloc

Published in 1992 by Tan Books. Probably Hilaire Belloc's most important book. This great Catholic historian analyzes for us what is the position of the Catholic Church in the world today, particularly as seen vis-a-vis her enemies. See DiCarlo BookSellers in the Marketplace to order. CULTURE GREEK PROTESTANT CATHOLIC GERMANY ENGLAND BIBLE MATERIALISM

175. Apologetics - LOSTRB.HTM - The 'Lost Tribes' of Herbert W. Armstrong
Catholic Answers

What Lost Tribes?' you might ask. Why, the Lost Tribes of Israel, of course. You remember them: taken away by their Assyrian conquerors, roaming from here to there, finally settling in . . .

176. Apologetics - AOFMARY.HTM - The Assumption of Mary: A Belief Since Apostolic Times
Fr. Clifford Stevens

This article, taken from the July/August issue of "Catholic Heritage", provides a good summary of belief in the Assumption.

177. Apologetics - WALLET.HTM - The Catholic Apologist's Scriptural Cheat Sheet
Christopher Y. Wong

This collection of biblical citations fits neatly on a single two-column page that can be folded and carried in one's wallet. Useful for apologetics work. EVANGELIZATION BIBLE

178. Apologetics - CHUANSWR.HTM - The Catholic Church Has The Answer
Paul Whitcomb

This booklet was written by a Catholic who knows the questions protestants are likely to ask, as well as the answers, because once he, too, was outside of the Catholic Church, looking in. The questions in this booklet are basically the same ones he put to a Catholic priest, and the answers are basically the same ones given him by that priest.

179. Apologetics - WHITEHE1.HTM - The Church of the Apostles
K. D. Whitehead

The apostles were the leaders of a visible institution, the Church established by Christ, and they knew it. Here's proof from Scripture. This article is reprinted from the March 1995 issue of magazine.

180. Apologetics - TEACHPC.HTM - The Church's Teaching on Priestly Celibacy
Fr. William Saunders

Why does the Church mandate that priests be celibate? When did this rule come into existence?

181. Apologetics - LITCOLOR.HTM - The Color of Liturgical Vestments
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders explains the different colors of vestments used at Mass and why the Church utilizes specific vestment colors for various celebrations. SAUNDERS MASS VESTMENTS COLORS LITURY

182. Apologetics - DIV_CRT.HTM - The Court of God
James Akin

God is a great King over all the earth. Find out what this biblical image means and how it totally determines the shape of Christian worship.

183. Apologetics - NUMBERNG.HTM - The Division of the Ten Commandments
James Akin

The Ten Commandments are the most fundamental biblical expression of Judeo-Christian morality. Unfortunately, they have become a focus of some rather trivial controversies, including how they are to be divided and abbreviated. They have also been subject to some not-so-trivial consequences, such as the nature of their authority and whether they apply today in unmodified form. In this paper, we will take a look at the first two issues.

184. Apologetics - SPIRITUN.HTM - The Essentials of Spiritual Unity
Ronald Knox

During World War I another young Anglican tried to think through what he meant by 'a Church.' By the time he was finished with his exercise, he had become a Catholic. This article was taken from the November 1995 issue of 'This Rock.'

185. Apologetics - SHEEDEUC.HTM - The Eucharist and the Mass
Frank J. Sheed

Chapter 18 - of Theology for Beginners published by Servant Books. Topics include: the Real Presence, Transubstantiation, Communion in One Kind and the Sacrifice of the Mass.

186. Apologetics - EX-EPIS.HTM - The Ex-Episcopalians
Sursum Corda

A look at some of the Episcopalian/Anglican priests who have become Catholics in recent years. This article was taken from the Spring 1996 issue of "Sursum Corda!"

187. Apologetics - FATWDGOD.HTM - The Fathers Know Best
This Rock Magazine

Quotes from the early Church Fathers on the various times people changed the Word of God. Appeared in "This Rock" magazine.

188. Apologetics - CAMYSTER.HTM - The Finished Mystery
Catholic Answers

In your three-tape set, 'I Escaped from the Watchtower,' the former Jehovah's Witness being interviewed recommended a book entitled "The Finished Mystery". What is the book about, who wrote it, and why is it important?

189. Apologetics - FLOWTIME.HTM - The Flow of Time in Revelation 19:11-21:8
James Akin

Is the millennium something confined to the past, occurring during the present, or confined to the future? This is of key significance not only for establishing how the book of Revelation is to be interpreted, but for establishing the outline of corporate eschatology in general.'

190. Apologetics - CAGODJEH.HTM - The God of the Jehovah's Witnesses
Catholic Answers

One of the most singular doctrines taught by the Jehovah's Witnesses is that Christ, before he came to Earth and since his return to heaven, was and is Michael the archangel. The Witnesses rely on 1 Thessalonians 4:[16]: 'the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a commanding call, with an archangel's voice and with God's trumpet.'

191. Apologetics - HERESY.ZIP - The Great Heresies
Hilaire Belloc

The Great Heresies ranks as one of Belloc's most profound and prophetic works. In his characteristically masculine style, the author analyzes the concept of heresy, demonstrates its relevance to the larger social order, and examines the five greatest attacks upon the Church_Arianism, Islam, Albigensianism, Protestantism and Modernism. This examination offers the reader a thorough understanding of each heresy as well as a paradigm of the growth and decline of he

192. Apologetics - HISTCONT.HTM - The History of Contraception Teachings
Fr. William Saunders

'A question for you regarding Catholics who practice artificial birth control: What is their status in the Church? Are they committing mortal sin? I feel that this is a much misunderstood question by most Catholics, including myself. To further muddle the issue, what is the Church's position when one's spouse does not want to practice NFP?' - An ACH reader This article appeared in the November 2, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic He

193. Apologetics - HISTICON.HTM - The History of the Icon
Fishnet Conference

An 'explanation' of an Icon to those whose culture sees icons as little more than pictures without the advantage of the modern techniques of perspective. One of the most famous icons in history, the icon of THE VLADIMIR MOTHER OF GOD, is used to aid in the explanation.

194. Apologetics - ROSARYHS.HTM - The History of the Rosary
Fr. William Saunders

Please explain the history and background of the rosary. Is it true that the Blessed Mother gave it to St. Dominic? Fr. Saunders answers these questions. SAUNDERS ROSARY DOMINIC MARY

195. Apologetics - INNRLIFE.HTM - The Inner Life of the Catholic
Fr. Alban Goodier

Fr. Alban Goodier describes for those who are not Catholic the inner spirit of the Catholic Church. GOODIER CATHOLIC CHURCH CHRIST MAN MYSTICAL BODY MASS SACRAMENTS PERFECTION

196. Apologetics - INQUIS.HTM - The Inquisition
Fr. William Most

Fr. William Most gives a summary of the information on the Inquisition found in Dr. Warren Carroll's book The Glory of Christendom, available from Christendom Press. CATHAR TURK JEW SPANISH GREGORY IX

197. Apologetics - ABRAHAM.HTM - The Justifications of Abraham
James Akin

Justification is a once-for-all thing, as the case of Abraham shows . . . or is it?

198. Apologetics - KEY2MARY.HTM - The Key to Understanding Mary
James Akin

James Akin maintains that the key to understanding Mary is the Church teaching of Mary as the Second Eve. He explains how different teachings about Mary relate to this teaching.

199. Apologetics - LORDS-DA.HTM - The Lord's Day
James Kiefer

What Biblical authority is there, if any, to change the Sabbath from the Seventh day of the week to the First day of the week?

200. Apologetics - MODPERSO.HTM - The Modernist Persona
Jack Taylor

A helpful survey of Modernism, its impact on the Faith and the Church, and its slow, reluctant decline today. This article was taken from the November 1996 issue of This Rock.

201. Apologetics - NHM.HTM - The Natural History Museum
Catherine Dalzell

This excellent essay first appeared in the 'Canadian Catholic Review', Oct 1993. It discusses the 'school book' presentation of Darwinian evolution, a theory that still has a considerable purchase on the Christian imagination and looks at the imaginative freight that Darwinian evolution has been forced to carry, for reasons having little to do with science. DALZELL EVOLUTION DARWIN NATURAL HISTOR

202. Apologetics - WITFAITH.HTM - The New Testament: Witness to the Catholic Faith
Thomas Storck

Americans of Protestant faith or Protestant upbringing use the Bible in a way that it was never intended to be used, and as a result they have a hidden advantage over Catholics in such disputes, unless Catholics not only know the Bible but know how the Bible is to be used.

203. Apologetics - OBLIMASS.HTM - The Obligation to Attend Mass on Sundays
Fr. Manuel Garrido

Manuel Garrido, O.S.B. gives the history of the Church's position on Sunday Mass attendance and shows that Sunday has been kept as the Lord's day since the time of the Apostles. Taken from the Catholic Position Papers, Series B -- Number 22, March, 1982 -- Japan Edition. GARRIDO SUNDAY LORD'S DAY OBLIGATION

204. Apologetics - FR90203.HTM - The Patristic Praise of Mary
John A. Hammes

The purpose of this article is to point out the common belief about Mary held by the early Church, as manifested in the writings of the so-called "Fathers of the Church," learned and saintly writers of the first eight centuries of Christianity. John Hammes examines five of the Church's teachings about Mary held by Christians some 1200-1800 years ago _ Mary as the Mother of God (), Mary's perpetual virginity, her sinlessness and Immaculate Conception, her Assumption, and her role as Mother of the Church. This article appeared in the Summer 1990 issue of "Faith & Reason."

205. Apologetics - TALMUD.HTM - The Perpetual Virginity of Mary
Br. Anthony Opisso, M.D.

Brother Anthony has been a hermit for the past thirty-one years. He lives in the woods of the Cistercian Abby in Rogersville, New Brunswick. Born in Manila, in the Philippines, he is a physician-surgeon graduate of Loyola University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois (1950). A Scriptural and Rabbinic scholar, he is the author of five books: The Bread of God, The Secret Joy of Repentance, The Revelation of Bethlehem, The Revelation of the So

206. Apologetics - FR94101.HTM - The Place of Mary in Classical Fundamentalism (Pt. 1)
Rev. Peter Stravinskas

Fr. Stravinskus determines the status of Marian doctrine and devotion among the Reformers and establishes that Fundamentalism is not "in continuity with its Reformation pedigree." He shows that "historically, the Protestant Reformers did not attack devotion to Our Blessed Mother; that such an attack came from their successors." This article was taken from the Spring 1994 issue of "Faith & Reason".

207. Apologetics - FR94201.HTM - The Place of Mary in Classical Fundamentalism (Pt. 2)
Rev. Peter Stravinskas

Fr. Stravinskus determines the status of Marian doctrine and devotion among the Reformers and establishes that Fundamentalism is not "in continuity with its Reformation pedigree." He shows that "historically, the Protestant Reformers did not attack devotion to Our Blessed Mother; that such an attack came from their successors." This article was taken from the Summer 1994 issue of "Faith & Reason".

208. Apologetics - POPSLAVE.HTM - The Popes and Slavery: Setting the Record Straight
Fr. Joel S. Panzer

An examination of the facts shows that, contrary to popular opinion, the Catholic Church clearly condemned slavery early on. This article was taken from the January/February 1996 issue of 'The Catholic Answer'.

209. Apologetics - PRACTICL.HTM - The Practical Problems of Sola Scriptura
James Akin

The disintegration of Protestantism into so many competing factions, teaching different doctrines on key theological issues is itself an important indicator of the practical failure of the doctrine of private judgment, and thus the doctrine of sola scriptura.

210. Apologetics - PRACTNFP.HTM - The Practice of Natural Family Planning
Fr. William Saunders

'A question for you regarding Catholics who practice artificial birth control: What is their status in the Church? Are they committing mortal sin? I feel that this is a much misunderstood question by most Catholics, including myself. To further muddle the issue, what is the Church 's position when one's spouse does not want to practice NFP?' This article appeared in the October 26, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.'

211. Apologetics - LOSS.HTM - The Predestination Debate
James Akin

A debater's manual against the unbiblical teaching that no true Christian can commit mortal sin.

212. Apologetics - PRIEST3.HTM - The Priesthood Debate
James Akin

A debater's manual against the unbiblical teaching that there is no sacramental priesthood in the New Testament.

213. Apologetics - PRIMPOPE.HTM - The Primacy of the Pope in the Church
Pedro Rodriguez

Excellent defense of the Papacy. Taken from the Catholic Position Papers, September, 1981 --Japan Edition. RODRIGUEZ POPE PRIMACY PAPACY PROTESTANT

214. Apologetics - FR89103.HTM - The Problem of Religious Liberty: A New Proposal
Thomas Storck

Some modern theologians claim that the Church has changed her authoritative teaching on more than one point of faith and morals, i.e. usury and religious liberty. Thomas Storck sets out to demonstrate that "the Church has never changed any point of its magisterial teachings nor can she." This article was taken from the Spring 1989 issue of "Faith & Reason".

215. Apologetics - MARIAMNK.HTM - The Real Maria Monk
J. Bernard Delany, O.P.

Her "Awful Disclosures" made a stink in 1836, and the odor still lingers. This file contains the truth about the most famous anti-Catholic book in American history. Taken from the October 1995 issue of "This Rock."

216. Apologetics - ROSARYDI.HTM - The Rosary Dissected
T.L. Frazier

A defense of the best-known emblem of Catholicism against the attacks of anti-Catholics such as Jimmy Swaggert. A good explanation of the charge that the rosary constitute's 'vain repetition' which is forbidden by the Bible. This article was taken from the September, 1994 issue of 'This Rock,' published by Catholic Answers. FRAZIER ROSARY SWAGGERT REPETITION DOMINIC

217. Apologetics - SHEART.HTM - The Sacred Heart of Jesus
Fr. William Saunders

During a recent visit to my parish church, my Protestant friend was interested in our Sacred Heart shrine and the meaning behind the devotion. I told her that the Sacred Heart was a sign of the love of Jesus for us. is there anything else I should say? What about the history of the devotion? Fr. Saunders provides an answer. SACRED HEART JESUS LOVE MARGARET MARY FIRST FRIDAY

218. Apologetics - 2NDCOME.HTM - The Second Coming of the Lord & the Last Judgment
Fr. Wm. Saunders

Will the last judgment occur at the second coming of Jesus or are the two events distinct and separate? This article appeared in the December 1, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS LAST JUDGMENT SECOND COMING

219. Apologetics - SIGN.HTM - The Sign of the Cross
Fr. Arthur Tonne

Information on the sign of the cross taken from 'TALKS ON THE SACRAMENTALS' by Fr. Arthur Tonne (entire book available as TLKSAC.TXT/ZIP, SIGNS AND SYMBOLS: A REFLECTION, a reprint from Faith magazine (entire article available as SIGSYM.TXT/.ZIP.) and A HANDBOOK OF CATHOLIC SACRAMENTALS by Ann Ball published by Our Sunday Visitor Press.

220. Apologetics - grodistream.htm - The Steady Stream Home
Marcus Grodi

Marcus Grodi, host of The Journey Home on EWTN, and President of the Coming Home Network, gives an overview of the long history of conversions by Protestant pastors to the Catholic Church. EVANGELICALS CALVINISM

221. Apologetics - THRDAY.HTM - The Third Day
Arnold Lunn

Published by the Newman Press in 1945. Using principally non-Catholic writers, Arnold Lunn, with firm logic and sound thinking, seeks to prove the truth of the Resurrection.

222. Apologetics - THRDAY.ZIP - The Third Day
Arnold Lunn

Published by the Newman Press in 1945. Using principally non-Catholic writers, Arnold Lunn, with firm logic and sound thinking, seeks to prove the truth of the Resurrection.

223. Apologetics - 2CANONS.HTM - The Two Canons: Scripture and Tradition
James Akin

Many Protestants will admit that if we knew which traditions were handed down from the apostles we would have to obey them. But we have no way of knowing that, right? If we don't, we don't have any basis for knowing the canon of scripture!

224. Apologetics - UNFORGIV.HTM - The Unforgivable Sin
James Akin

Is apostasy the unforgivable sin? Find out what is by reading this article.

225. Apologetics - FILIOQUE.HTM - The Wording of the Nicene Creed
Fr. William Saunders

In this article taken from the January 20, 1994 Arlington Catholic Herald Fr. William A. Saunders answers the following question, 'In John 15:26, Jesus tells us, 'But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, He shall testify of Me.' Why does the Nicene Creed read, 'We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father

226. Apologetics - WORK-LAW.HTM - The Works of the Law
James Akin

What did Paul really mean when he condemned salvation by works of the Law?

227. Apologetics - DEV2MARY.HTM - To Jesus Through Mary
Rev. Herbert de Launay

(On the appropriateness of the Rosary during Eucharistic Exposition) An article for the September 1996 edition of The Acadiana Catholic, monthly newspaper of the Diocese of Lafayette, Louisiana.

228. Apologetics - ztabathe.htm - Turning the Tables on Atheists
ZENIT

Christians may turn the tables on atheists and challenge them on their belief that God doesn't exist. According to Patrick Madrid, co-author with Kenneth Hensley of The Godless Delusion: A Catholic Challenge to Modern Atheism, "atheists are not accustomed to Christians subjecting atheism to a rigorous critique on its own merits." In this ZENIT interview, Madrid points to a philosophical critique of atheism, and particularly of its shakey foundation for a naturalistic morality. MATERIALISM RIGHT WRONG GOOD EVIL NATURALISM NATURE SUPERNATURAL SPIRITS SCIENCE NATURAL SELECTION DARWIN TOTALITARIANISM HELL

229. Apologetics - 07664A.HTM - Veneration of Images
Catholic Encyclopedia

This file provides the history of the veneration of images from the Old Testament, through the eighth century, before and after iconoclasm and gives the principles explaining Catholic reverence for holy images.

230. Apologetics - EASTPAG.HTM - Was Easter Originally a Pagan Holiday?
Fr. William Saunders

Recently a Moslem co-worker made the comment that Easter was originally a pagan holiday. Where would he get such a notion? Fr. William Saunders replies in this article taken from the April 27, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS EASTER PAGAN HOLIDAY

231. Apologetics - JESUSDEC.HTM - Was Jesus Deceived?
Robert Moynihan

'The Whole of Christianity depends on the identity of Jesus. Was he the promised Messiah of Israel, or not? In Rome, the evidence is being re-examined. But the force of that evidence depends on the truthfulness of the Gospels....' Taken from the December 1994 issue of 'Inside the Vatican.' MOYNIHAN JESUS GOSPELS MESSIAH CHRIST

232. Apologetics - KOLANTI.HTM - Was St. Maximilian Kolbe an Anti-Semite?
Becky Ready

The rumor that Kolbe was anti-semitic is laid to rest by Becky Ready assisted by Margaret Mary Rose Kolbe. Taken from Immaculata Magazine - May/June, 1996.

233. Apologetics - WHATMAS.HTM - What are the Masons? Are Catholics allowed to belong to this organization?
Fr. William Saunders

In this May 9 issue of the "Arlington Catholic Herald", Fr. Saunders discusses the origins of Freemasonry and why Catholics are not allowed to become members.

234. Apologetics - JWBELIEV.HTM - What Do Jehovah's Witnesses Believe?
Fr. William Saunders

Recently a couple of Jehovah's Witnesses came to my door. Could you please explain to me their background and what they believe? Fr. Saunders provides an answer. SAUNDERS JEHOVAH WITNESSES WATCHTOWER YAHWEH RUSSELL SACRAMENTS

235. Apologetics - ASHES.HTM - What Do the Ashes Mean?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders answers the question 'What are the origins of Ash Wednesday and the use of ashes?' Appeared in the February 17 issue of the Arlington Catholic Herald' ASHES ASH WEDNESDAY LENT SAUNDERS

236. Apologetics - MORTSIN.HTM - What Ever Happened to Mortal Sin?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders responds to the following question: 'I recently sat through a penance preparation session for parents. The teacher said, 'Only neurotics would believe in mortal sin as we used too. Instead, mortal sin only happens when we break our fundamental option for God.' I don't understand this. Whatever happened to mortal and venial sin?--A parent from the Midwest. This article appeared in the March 30, 1995 issue of 'The Arlingto

237. Apologetics - WHATBLES.HTM - What Is a Blessing?
Fr. William P. Saunders

Fr. Saunders explains what the Church means by 'blessing'. This article appeared in the March 2, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS BLESSING SACRAMENTAL MINISTER

238. Apologetics - CAGNOSTI.HTM - What is gnosticism?
Catholic Answers

Gnosticism, which gets its name from the Greek word ('knowledge') was a religious movement beginning, possibly, before the time of Christ and extending into the first few centuries of the Christian era. Gnostics viewed themselves as 'those who know.'

239. Apologetics - CAPELAGI.HTM - What is semi-Pelagianism?
Catholic Answers

Recently a Protestant apologist said that the Catholic position on grace is a textbook case of semi-Pelagianism. And is there something called just plain Pelagianism?

240. Apologetics - BASISPUR.HTM - What is the Basis for Belief in Purgatory?
Fr. William Saunders

This article appeared in the November 16, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.'

241. Apologetics - CAMASON1.HTM - What is the Catholic Church's official position on Freemasonry?
Karl Keating/Catholic Answers

Are Catholics free to become Freemasons?

242. Apologetics - TEACHEUT.HTM - What Is the Church's Teaching on Euthanasia?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders explains the Catholic Church's Teaching on Euthanasia. This article appeared in the December 15, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS CHURCH EUTHANASIA

243. Apologetics - NOVENA.HTM - What Is the Role of Novenas Today?
Fr. William Saunders

An explanation of the origin of novenas and their role in the Church today by Fr. William Saunders. This article appeared in the August 25, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS NOVENAS

244. Apologetics - MARPRIE.HTM - What's the Deal About Legally Married Priests?
Fr. William Saunders

How can a married Anglican priest become a Roman Catholic priest and remain married? In this article taken from the September 1, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald,' Fr. William Saunders gives a response. SAUNDERS ANGLICAN ORDERS PRIESTHOOD CELIBACY

245. Apologetics - EVANTREA.HTM - When Evangelicals Treat Catholic Tradition Like Revelation
Mark P. Shea

Mark Shea, a convert from Evangelicanism, explains how he came to realize that Tradition is the indispensible ground of Revelation. Taken from the September 1996 issue of the "New Oxford Review."

246. Apologetics - DOXOLOG.HTM - Who Added the Doxology?
Fr. William Saunders

This article written by Fr. William Saunders was published in the March 17, 1994 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' It explains the why Catholics do not end the Our Father with the doxology as do the Protestants. DOXOLOGY OUR FATHER SAUNDERS

247. Apologetics - WHOARE.HTM - Who Are the Jehovah's Witnesses?
Francis J. Ripley

This article by Francis J. Ripley gives the history and beliefs of the Jehovah's Witnesses. Taken from the February 1995 issue of 'This Rock'. RIPLEY JEHOVAH WITNESS RUSSELL RUTHERFORD

248. Apologetics - REALWROT.HTM - Who Really Wrote the Gospels?
Fr. William Saunders

Father Saunders answers the following question, 'I recently attended a religious education workshop, and the teacher said that the Gospels were written by the early Church community probably between the years 200 and 300, not by St. Mark, etc. I find this strange. If this is true, then the Gospels really don't tell us much about Jesus but seem more 'made up' by later believers. A straight answer please.' This article appeared in the March 9, 199

249. Apologetics - WHYCATH.HTM - Why are you Catholic?
Fr. William Saunders

Taken from Fr. Saunders' apologetics column in the Arlington Catholic Herald for September 21, 1995.

250. Apologetics - DEVMARY.HTM - Why Devotion to Mary?
Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate

This is a point debated hotly among our Protestant brethren and which is briefly answered in this file. This article first appeared in 'Pro Maria', a publication of the Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate in the Philippines Islands.

251. Apologetics - WHYFATHR.HTM - Why Do We Call Priests 'Father'?
Fr. William Saunders

This question refers to Jesus' teaching found in the Gospel of St. Matthew, when He said, 'Do not call anyone on earth your father. Only one is your father, the One in heaven' (23:9). Fr. William Saunders explains this passage. This article appeared in the June 16, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS FATHER PRIESTS

252. Apologetics - RELICS.HTM - Why Do We Venerate Relics?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. Saunders answers the following question 'In the article about the beatification of Father Damien, I read that his 'relics' were given to the bishop of Honolulu. Could you please explain this and give some history behind it?' This article appeared in the July 13, 1995 issue of 'The Arlington Catholic Herald.' SAUNDERS RELICS

253. Apologetics - GOTOCON.HTM - Why Go to Confession?
Fr. William Saunders

This article by Fr. William Saunders was taken from the April 7, 1994 issue of the 'Arlington Catholic Herald.' CONFESSION TRENT SACRAMENT SAUNDERS

254. Apologetics - INCENSE.HTM - Why Is Incense Used During Mass?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders talks about the origins of the use of incense and the symbolism behind its use. SAUNDERS INCENSE

255. Apologetics - REGISTER.HTM - Why Should I Register at My Parish?
Fr. William Saunders

Fr. William Saunders discusses the benefits and significance of parish registration. SAUNDERS PARISH REGISTRATION

256. Apologetics - MASSTHEO.HTM - Why the Mass?
Fr. William Most

Fr. Most explains why there is a need for the Mass and how it can be considered as a sacrifice. MOST MASS SACRIFICE

257. Apologetics - FOX.HTM - WomanChurch, Witchcraft, and the Goddess
Randy England

Chapter 6 of the book, 'Unicorn in the Sanctuary.' This chapter covers Fr. Matthew Fox and his Creation Spirituality. FOX CREATION SPIRITUALITY NEW AGE FEMINISM ENGLAND WITCHCRAFT