THE STATIONS OF THE CROSS

John Henry Cardinal Newman


Begin with an Act of Contrition, such as below:

[O my God, I am heartily sorry for having offended Thee, and I detest all my sins because of Thy just punishments, but most of all because they offend Thee, my God, Who art all-good and deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of Thy grace, to sin no more and to avoid the near occasions of sin.] 

THE FIRST STATION

Jesus is condemned to death.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi. 

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.

Leaving the House of Caiphas, and dragged before Pilate and Herod, mocked, beaten, 
and spit upon, His back torn with scourges, His head crowned with thorns, Jesus, who 
on the last day will judge the world, is Himself condemned by unjust judges to a death 
of ignominy and torture.

Jesus is condemned to death. His death warrant is signed, and who signed it but I, 
when I committed my first mortal sins? My first mortal sins, when I fell away from the 
state of grace into which Thou didst place me by baptism; these it was that were Thy 
death warrant, O Lord. The innocent suffered for the guilty. Those sins of mine were 
the voices which cried out, "Let Him be crucified." That willingness and delight of 
heart with which I committed them was the consent which Pilate gave to this 
clamorous multitude. And the hardness of heart which followed upon them, my 
disgust, my despair, my proud impatience, my obstinate resolve to sin on, the love of 
sin which took possession of me--what were these contrary and impetuous feelings but 
the blows and the blasphemies with which the fierce soldiers and the populace received 
Thee, thus carrying out the sentence which Pilate had pronounced?

Pater, Ave, etc.

V. Miserere nostri, Domine.

R. Miserere nostri.

Fidelium animae, etc.


THE SECOND STATION 

Jesus receives His Cross. 

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

A strong, and therefore heavy Cross, for it is strong enough to bear Him on it when He 
arrives at Calvary, is placed upon His torn shoulders. He receives it gently and 
meekly, nay, with gladness of heart, for it is to be the salvation of mankind.

True; but recollect, that heavy Cross is the weight of our sins. As it fell upon His neck 
and shoulders, it came down with a shock. Alas! what a sudden, heavy weight have I 
laid upon Thee, O Jesus. And, though in the calm and clear foresight of Thy mind--for 
Thou seest all things--Thou wast fully prepared for it, yet Thy feeble frame tottered 
under it when it dropped down upon Thee. Ah! how great a misery is it that I have 
lifted up my hand against my God. How could I ever fancy He would forgive me! 
unless He had Himself told us that He underwent His bitter passion in order that He 
might forgive us. I acknowledge, O Jesus, and anguish in the agony of my heart, that 
my sins it was that struck Thee on the face, that bruised Thy sacred arms, that tore Thy 
flesh with iron rods, that nailed Thee to the Cross, and let Thee slowly die upon it.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE THIRD STATION 

Jesus falls the first time beneath the Cross.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

Jesus, bowed down under the weight and the length of the unwieldy Cross, which 
trailed after Him, slowly sets forth on His way, amid the mockeries and insults of the 
crowd. His agony in the Garden itself was sufficient to exhaust Him; but it was only 
the first of a multitude of sufferings. He sets off with His whole heart, but His limbs 
fail Him, and He falls.

Yes, it is as I feared. Jesus, the strong and mighty Lord, has found for the moment our 
sins stronger than Himself. He falls--yet He bore the load for a while; He tottered, but 
He bore up and walked onwards. What, then, made Him give way? I say, I repeat, it 
is an intimation and a memory to thee, O my soul, of thy falling back into mortal sin. I 
repented of the sins of my youth, and went on well for a time; but at length a new 
temptation came, when I was off my guard, and I suddenly fell away. Then all my 
good habits seemed to go at once; they were like a garment which is stripped off, so 
quickly and utterly did grace depart from me. And at that moment I looked at my 
Lord, and lo! He had fallen down, and I covered my face with my hands, and 
remained in a state of great confusion.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE FOURTH STATION 

Jesus meets His Mother.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

Jesus rises; though wounded by His fall, He journeys on, with His Cross still on His 
shoulders. He is bent down; but at one place, looking up, He sees His Mother. For an 
instant they just see each other, and He goes forward.

Mary would rather have had all His sufferings herself, could that have been, than not 
have known what they were by ceasing to be near Him. He, too, gained a refreshment, 
as from some soothing and grateful breath of air, to see her sad smile amid the sights 
and the noises which were about Him. She had known Him beautiful and glorious, 
with the freshness of Divine Innocence and peace upon His countenance; now she saw 
Him so changed and deformed that she could scarce have recognized Him, save for the 
piercing, thrilling, peace-inspiring look He gave her. Still, He was now carrying the 
load of the world's sins, and, all-holy though He was, He carried the image of them on 
His very face. He looked like some outcast or outlaw who had frightful guilt upon 
Him. He had been made sin for us, who knew no sin; not a feature, not a limb, but 
spoke of guilt, of a curse, of punishment, of agony.

Oh, what a meeting of Son and Mother! Yet there was a mutual comfort, for there was 
a mutual sympathy. Jesus and Mary--do they forget that Passion-tide through all 
eternity?

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE FIFTH STATION 

Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus to carry the Cross.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

At length His strength fails utterly, and He is unable to proceed. The executioners 
stand perplexed. What are they to do? How is He to get to Calvary? Soon they see a 
stranger who seems strong and active--Simon of Cyrene. They seize on him, and 
compel him to carry the Cross with Jesus. The sight of the Sufferer pierces the man's 
heart. Oh, what a privilege! O happy soul, elect of God! he takes the part assigned to 
him with joy.

This came of Mary's intercession. *He* prayed, not for Himself, except that He might 
drink the full chalice of suffering and do His Father's will; but *she* showed herself a 
mother by following Him with her prayers, since she could help Him in no other way. 
She then sent this stranger to help Him. It was she who led the soldiers to see that they 
might be too fierce with Him. Sweet Mother, even *do* the like to us. Pray for us ever, 
Holy Mother of God, pray for us, whatever be our cross, as we pass along on our way. 
Pray for us, and we shall rise again, though we have fallen. Pray for us when sorrow, 
anxiety, or sickness comes upon us. Pray for us when we are prostrate under the 
power of temptation, and send some faithful servant of thine to succour us. And in the 
world to come, if found worthy to expiate our sins in the fiery prison, send some good 
Angel to give us a season of refreshment. Pray for us, Holy Mother of God.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE SIXTH STATION 

Jesus and Veronica

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

As Jesus toils along up the hill, covered with the sweat of death, a woman makes her 
way through the crowd, and wipes His face with a napkin. In reward of her piety the 
cloth retains the impression of the Sacred Countenance upon it.

The relief which a Mother's tenderness secured is not yet all she did. Her prayers sent 
Veronica as well as Simon--Simon to do a man's work, Veronica to do the part of a 
woman. The devout servant of Jesus did what she could. As Magdalen had poured the 
ointment at the Feast, so Veronica now offered Him this napkin in His passion. "Ah," 
she said, "would I could do more! Why have I not the strength of Simon, to take part in 
the burden of the Cross? But men only can serve the Great High Priest, now that He is 
celebrating the solemn act of sacrifice." O Jesus! let us one and all minister to Thee 
according to our places and powers. And as Thou didst accept from Thy followers 
refreshment in Thy hour of trial, so give to us the support of Thy grace when we are 
hard pressed by our Foe. I feel I cannot bear up against temptation, weariness, 
despondency, and sin. I say to myself, what is the good of being religious? I shall fall, 
O my dear Saviour, I shall certainly fall, unless Thou dost renew for me my vigor like 
the eagle's, and breathe life into me by the soothing application and the touch of the 
Holy Sacraments which Thou hast appointed.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE SEVENTH STATION 

Jesus falls a second time.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

The pain of His wounds and the loss of blood increasing at every step of His way, 
again His limbs fail Him, and He falls on the ground.

What has He done to deserve all this? This is the reward received by the long-
expected Messias from the Chosen People, the Children of Israel. I know what to 
answer. He falls because I have fallen. I have fallen again. I know well that without 
Thy grace, O Lord, I could not stand; and I fancied that I had kept closely to Thy 
Sacraments; yet in spite of my going to Mass and to my duties, I am out of grace again. 
Why is it but because I have lost my devotional spirit, and have come to Thy holy 
ordinances in a cold, formal way, without inward affection. I have become lukewarm, 
tepid. I thought the battle of life was over, and became secure. I had no lively faith, no 
sight of spiritual things. I came to church from habit, and because I thought others 
would observe it. I ought to be a new creature, I ought to live by faith, hope and 
charity; but I thought more of this world than the world to come--and at last I forgot 
that I was a servant of God, and followed the broad way that leadeth to destruction, not 
the narrow way which leadeth to life. And thus I fell from Thee.

Pater, Ave, etc.



THE EIGHTH STATION 

Jesus comforts the Women of Jerusalem.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

At the sight of the sufferings of Jesus the Holy Women are so pierced with grief that 
they cry out and bewail Him, careless what happens to them by so doing. Jesus, 
turning to them, said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not over Me, but weep for 
yourselves and for your children."

Ah! can it be, O Lord, that I shall prove one of those sinful children for whom Thou 
biddest their mothers to weep. "Weep not for Me," He said, "for I am the Lamb of God, 
and am making atonement at My own will for the sins of the world. I am suffering 
now, but I shall triumph; and, when I triumph, those souls for whom I am dying, will 
either be my dearest friends or my deadliest enemies." Is it possible? O my Lord, can I 
grasp the terrible thought that Thou really didst weep for me--weep for me, as Thou 
didst weep over Jerusalem? Is it possible that I am one of the reprobate? possible that I 
shall lose by Thy passion and death, not gain by it? Oh, withdraw not from me. I am 
in a very bad way. I have so much evil in me. I have so little of an earnest, brave spirit 
to set against that evil. O Lord, what will become of me? It is so difficult for me to 
drive away the Evil Spirit from my heart. Thou alone canst effectually cast him out.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE NINTH STATION 

Again, a third time, Jesus falls. 

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

Jesus had now reached almost to the top of Calvary; but, before He had gained the 
very spot where He was to be crucified, again He fell, and is again dragged up and 
goaded onwards by the brutal soldiery.

We are told in Holy Scripture of three falls of Satan, the Evil Spirit. The first was in the 
beginning; the second, when the Gospel and the Kingdom of Heaven were preached to 
the world; the third will be at the end of all things. The first is told us by St. John the 
Evangelist. He says: "There was a great battle in heaven. Michael and his Angels 
fought with the dragon, and the dragon fought, and his angels. And they prevailed 
not, neither was their place found any more in heaven. And that great dragon was cast 
out, the old serpent, who is called the devil and Satan." The second fall, at the time of 
the Gospel, is spoken of by our Lord when He says, "I saw Satan, like lightning, falling 
from heaven." And the third by the same St. John: "There came down fire from God 
out of heaven, ... and the devil ... was cast into the pool of fire and brimstone."

These three falls--the past, the present, and the future--the Evil Spirit had in mind 
when he moved Judas to betray Our Lord. This was just his hour. Our Lord, when He 
was seized, said to His enemies, "This is your hour and the power of darkness." Satan 
knew his time was short, and thought he might use it to good effect. But little 
dreaming that he would be acting in behalf of the world's redemption, which our 
Lord's passion and death were to work out, in revenge, and, as he thought, in triumph, 
he smote Him once, he smote Him twice, he smote Him thrice, each successive time a 
heavier blow. The weight of the Cross, the barbarity of the soldiers and the crowd, 
were but his instruments. O Jesus, the only-begotten Son of God, the Word Incarnate, 
we praise, adore, and love Thee for Thy ineffable condescension, even to allow Thyself 
thus for a time to fall into the hands and under the power of the Enemy of God and 
man, in order thereby to save us from being his servants and companions for eternity.

Or this,

This is the worst fall of the three. His strength has for a while utterly failed Him, and it 
is some time before the barbarous soldiers can bring Him to. Ah! it was His 
anticipation of what was to happen to me. I get worse and worse. He sees the end 
from the beginning. He was thinking of me all the time He dragged Himself along, up 
the Hill of Calvary. He saw that I should fall again in spite of all former warnings and 
former assistance. He saw that I should become secure and self-confident, and that my 
enemy would then assail me with some new temptation, to which I never thought I 
should be exposed. I thought my weakness lay all on one particular side which I knew. 
I had not a dream that I was not strong on the other. And so Satan came down on my 
unguarded side, and got the better of me from my self-trust and self-satisfaction. I was 
wanting in humility. I thought no harm would come on me, I thought I had outlived 
the danger of sinning; I thought it was an easy thing to get to heaven, and I was not 
watchful. It was my pride, and so I fell a third time.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE TENTH STATION 

Jesus is stripped, and drenched with gall.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

At length He has arrived at the place of sacrifice, and they begin to prepare Him for 
the Cross. His garments are torn from His bleeding body, and He, the Holy of Holiest, 
stands exposed to the gaze of the coarse and scoffing multitude.

O Thou who in Thy Passion wast stripped of all Thy clothes, and held up to the 
curiosity and mockery of the rabble, strip me of myself here and now, that in the Last 
Day I come not to shame before men and Angels. Thou didst endure the shame on 
Calvary, that I might be spared the shame of the Judgment. Thou hadst nothing to be 
ashamed of personally, and the shame which Thou didst feel was because Thou hadst 
taken on Thee man's nature. When they took from Thee Thy garments, those innocent 
limbs of Thine were but objects of humble and loving adoration to the highest 
Seraphim. They stood around in speechless awe, wondering at Thy beauty, and they 
trembled at Thy infinite self-abasement. But I, O Lord, how shall I appear if thou shalt 
hold me up hereafter to be gazed upon, stripped of that robe of grace which is Thine, 
and seen in my own personal life and nature? O how hideous I am in myself, even in 
my best estate. Even when I am cleansed from my mortal sins, what disease and 
corruption is seen even in my venial sins. How shall I be fit for the society of Angels, 
how for Thy presence, until Thou burnest this foul leprosy away in the fire of 
Purgatory?

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE ELEVENTH STATION 

Jesus is stripped, and drenched with gall.

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

The Cross is laid on the ground, and Jesus stretched upon it, and then, swaying heavily 
to and fro, it is, after much exertion, jerked into the hole ready to receive it. Or, as 
others think, it is set upright, and Jesus is raised up and fastened to it. As the savage 
executioners drive in the huge nails, He offers Himself to the Eternal Father, as a 
ransom for the world. The blows are struck--the blood gushes forth.

Yes, they set up the Cross on high, and they placed a ladder against it, and, having 
stripped Him of His garments, made Him mount. With His hands feebly grasping its 
sides and cross-woods, and His feet slowly, uncertainly, with much effort, with many 
slips, mounting up, the soldiers propped Him on each side, or He would have fallen. 
When he reached the projection where His sacred feet were to be, He turned round 
with sweet modesty and gentleness towards the fierce rabble, stretching out His arms, 
as if He would embrace them. Then He lovingly placed the backs of His hands close 
against the transverse beam, waiting for the executioners to come with their sharp nails 
and heavy hammers to dig into the palms of His hands, and to fasten them secure to 
the wood. There He hung, a perplexity to the multitude, a terror to evil spirits, the 
wonder, the awe, yet the joy, the adoration of the Holy Angels.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE TWELFTH STATION 

Jesus dies upon the Cross. 

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

Jesus hung for three hours. During this time He prayed for His murderers, promised 
Paradise to the penitent robber, and committed His Blessed Mother to the guardianship 
of St. John. Then all was finished, and He bowed His head and gave up His Spirit.

The worst is over. The Holiest is dead and departed. The most tender, the most 
affectionate, the holiest of the sons of men is gone. Jesus is dead, and with His death 
my sins shall die. I protest once for all, before men and Angels, that sin shall no more 
have dominion over me. This Lent I make myself God's own for ever. The salvation of 
my soul shall be my first concern. With the aid of His grace I will create in me a deep 
hatred and sorrow for my past sins. I will try hard to detest sin, as much as I have ever 
loved it. Into God's hands I put myself, not by halves, but unreservedly. I promise 
Thee, O Lord, with the help of Thy grace, to keep out of the way of temptation, to avoid 
all occasions of sin, to turn at once from the voice of the Evil One, to be regular in my 
prayers, so to die to sin that Thou mayest not have died for me on the Cross in vain.

Pater, Ave, etc.


THE THIRTEENTH STATION 

Jesus is taken from the Cross, and laid in Mary's Bosom. 

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.>

The multitude have gone home; Calvary is left solitary and still, except that St. John 
and the holy women are there. Then come Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, and 
take down from the Cross the body of Jesus, and place it in the arms of Mary.

O Mary, at last thou hast possession of thy Son. Now, when His enemies can do no 
more, they leave Him in contempt to thee. As His unexpected friends perform their 
difficult work, thou lookest on with unspeakable thoughts. Thy heart is pierced with 
the sword of which Simeon spoke. O Mother most sorrowful; yet in thy sorrow there is 
a still greater joy. The joy in prospect nerved thee to stand by Him as He hung upon 
the Cross; much more now, without swooning, without trembling, thou dost receive 
Him to thy arms and on thy lap. Now thou art supremely happy as having Him, 
though He comes to thee not as He went from thee. He went from thy home, O Mother 
of God, in the strength and beauty of His manhood, and He comes back to thee 
dislocated, torn to pieces, mangled, dead. Yet, O Blessed Mary, thou art happier in this 
hour of woe than on the day of the marriage feast, for then He was leaving thee, and 
now in the future, as a Risen Saviour, He will be separated from thee no more.

Pater, Ave, etc.



THE FOURTEENTH STATION 

Jesus is laid in the tomb. 

V. Adoramus te, Christe, et benedicimus tibi.

R. Quia per sanctam Crucem tuam redemisti mundum.

But for a short three days, for a day and a half--Mary then must give Him up. He is not 
yet risen. His friends and servants take Him from thee, and place Him in an 
honourable tomb. They close it safely, till the hour comes for His resurrection.

Lie down and sleep in peace in the calm grave for a little while, dear Lord, and then 
wake up for an everlasting reign. We, like the faithful women, will watch around 
Thee, for all our treasure, all our life, is lodged with Thee. And, when our turn comes 
to die, grant, sweet Lord, that we may sleep calmly too, the sleep of the just. Let us 
sleep peacefully for the brief interval between death and the general resurrection. 
Guard us from the enemy, save us from the pit. Let our friends remember us and pray 
for us, O dear Lord. Let Masses be said for us, so that the pains of Purgatory, so much 
deserved by us, and therefore so truly welcomed by us, may be over with little delay. 
Give us seasons of refreshment there; wrap us round with holy dreams and soothing 
contemplations, while we gather strength to ascend the heavens. And then let our 
faithful guardian Angels help us up the glorious ladder, reaching from earth to heaven, 
which Jacob saw in vision. And when we reach the everlasting gates, let them open 
upon us with the music of Angels; and let St. Peter receive us, and our Lady, the 
glorious Queen of Saints, embrace us, and bring us to Thee, and to Thy Eternal Father, 
and to Thy Co-equal Spirit, Three Persons, One God, to reign with Them for ever and 
ever.

Pater, Ave, etc.


Let Us Pray

God, Who by the Precious Blood of thy only-begotten Son didst sanctify the Standard 
of the Cross, grant, we beseech Thee, that we who rejoice in the glory of the same Holy 
Cross may at all times and places rejoice in Thy protection, through the same Christ, 
our Lord.

End with one Pater, Ave, and Gloria, for the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff.


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