The inspiring story of Mother Teresa, Religious, teacher,
champion of the poorest of the poor
"By blood, I am
Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to
my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to
the Heart of Jesus".
Small of stature,
rocklike in faith, Mother Teresa of Calcutta was entrusted with the
mission of proclaiming God's thirsting love for humanity, especially for
the poorest of the poor. "God still loves the world and he sends you and
me to be his love and his compassion to the poor", she was fond of saying.
Her soul filled with
the light of Christ, she was on fire with love for Jesus and burning with
one desire: "to quench his thirst for love and for souls".
The family and humble
beginnings in the Balkans
This wonderful messenger of God's love was born on
26 August 1910 in Skopje, a city situated at the crossroads of Balkan
history. The youngest of the children born to Nikola and Drane Bojaxhiu,
she was baptised Gonxha Agnes, received her First Communion at the age of
5 and was confirmed in November 1916.
From the day of her
First Holy Communion, Gonxha Agnes was driven by a love for souls. Her
father's sudden death when she was about 8 years old left the family in
financial straits. Her mother raised the children firmly and lovingly,
greatly influencing her daughter's character and vocation. Gonxha's
religious formation was further assisted by the vibrant Jesuit parish of
the Sacred Heart in which she was much involved.
vocation with the Sisters of Loreto
At age 18, moved by a
desire to become a missionary, the young woman left her home in September
1928 to join the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, known as the
Sisters of Loreto, in Ireland. There she received the name Sister Mary
Teresa after St Thérèse of Lisieux. In December, she departed for India,
arriving in Calcutta on 6 January 1929.
After making her
First Profession of Vows in May 1931, Sister Teresa was assigned to the
Loreto Entally community in Calcutta and taught at St Mary's School for
girls. On 24 May 1937, she made her Final Profession of Vows, becoming, as
she said, the "spouse of Jesus" for "all eternity". From that time on she
was called Mother Teresa.
teaching at St Mary's and in 1944 became the school's principal. A person
of profound prayer and deep love for her religious Sisters and her
students, Mother Teresa's 20 years in Loreto were filled with profound
happiness. Noted for her charity, unselfishness and courage, her capacity
for hard work and a natural talent for organization, she lived out her
consecration to Jesus in the midst of her companions with fidelity and
The ‘call within a
call’ leads to the Missionaries of Charity
On 10 September 1946
during a train ride from Calcutta to Darjeeling for her annual retreat,
Mother Teresa received her "inspiration", what she would later describe as
a "call within a call". On that day, in a way she could never fully
explain, Jesus' thirst for love and for souls took hold of her heart, and
the desire to satisfy his thirst became the driving force of her life.
Over the course of
the next weeks and months, by means of interior locutions and visions,
Jesus revealed to her the desire of his heart for "victims of love" who
would "radiate his love on souls". "Come be my light", the Lord begged
her. "I cannot go alone".
He revealed his pain
at the neglect of the poor, his sorrow at their ignorance of him and his
longing for their love. He asked Mother Teresa to establish a religious
community, Missionaries of Charity, dedicated to the service of the
poorest of the poor.
Out of the
classroom and into the streets
Nearly two years of
testing and discernment passed before Mother Teresa received permission to
begin. On 17 August 1948, she dressed for the first time in a white,
blue-bordered sari and passed through the gates of her beloved Loreto
convent to enter the world of the poor.
After a short course
with the Medical Mission Sisters in Patna, Mother Teresa returned to
Calcutta and found temporary lodging with the Little Sisters of the Poor.
On 21 December she went for the first time to the slums. She visited
families, washed the sores of some children, cared for an old man lying
sick on the road and nursed a woman dying of hunger and tuberculosis.
She started each day
in communion with Jesus in the Holy Eucharist and then went out, rosary in
her hand, to find and serve the Lord in "the unwanted, the unloved, the
uncared for". After some months, she was joined, one by one, by her former
On 7 October 1950 the
new Congregation of the Missionaries of Charity was officially established
in the Archdiocese of Calcutta.
By the early 1960s,
Mother Teresa began to send her Sisters to other parts of India. The
Decree of Praise granted to the Congregation by Pope Paul VI in February
1965 encouraged her to open a house in Venezuela. It was soon followed by
foundations in Rome and Tanzania and, eventually, on every continent.
Starting in 1980 and
continuing through the 1990s, Mother Teresa opened houses in almost all of
the Communist countries, including the former Soviet Union, Albania and
grows with new Religious and lay branches
In order to respond
better to both the physical and spiritual needs of the poor, Mother Teresa
founded the Missionaries of Charity Brothers in 1963, the contemplative
branch of the Sisters in 1976, the Contemplative Brothers in 1979, and the
Missionaries of Charity Fathers in 1984.
however, was not limited to those with religious vocations.
She formed the
Co-Workers of Mother Teresa and the Sick and Suffering Co-Workers, people
of many faiths and nationalities with whom she shared her spirit of
prayer, simplicity, sacrifice, and her apostolate of humble works of love.
This spirit later inspired the Lay Missionaries of Charity.
In answer to the
requests of many priests, in 1981 Mother Teresa also began the Corpus
Christi Movement for Priests as a "little way of holiness" for those who
desired to share in her charism and spirit.
All ‘for the glory of God
and in the name of the poor’
During the years of
rapid growth of the Community, the world began to turn its eyes towards
Mother Teresa and the work she had started. Numerous awards, beginning
with the Indian Padmashri Award in 1962 and most notably the Nobel Peace
Prize in 1979, honoured her work, while an increasingly interested media
began to follow her activities. She always received both prizes and
attention "for the glory of God and in the name of the poor".
The whole of Mother
Teresa's life and labour bore witness to the joy of loving, the greatness
and dignity of every human person, the value of little things done
faithfully and with love, and the surpassing worth of friendship with God.
But there was another
heroic side of this great woman that was revealed only after her death.
Struggling with ‘the
darkness’ and the ‘painful night’
Hidden from all eyes,
hidden even from those closest to her, was her interior life marked by an
experience of a deep, painful and abiding feeling of being separated from
God, even rejected by him, along with an ever increasing longing for his
love. She called her inner experience, "the darkness".
The "painful night"
of her soul, which began around the time she started her work for the poor
and continued to the end of her life, led Mother Teresa to an ever more
profound union with God. Through the darkness she mystically participated
in the thirst of Jesus, in his painful and burning longing for love, and
she shared in the interior desolation of the poor.
During the last years
of her life, despite increasingly severe health problems, Mother Teresa
continued to govern her Society and respond to the needs of the poor and
the Church. By 1997, Mother Teresa's Sisters numbered nearly 4,000 members
and were established in 610 foundations in 123 countries of the world.
In March 1997 she
blessed her newly-elected successor as Superior General of the
Missionaries of Charity and then made one more trip abroad. After meeting
Pope John Paul II for the last time, she returned to Calcutta and spent
her final weeks receiving visitors and instructing her Sisters.
An intercessor for people
of all faiths, rich and poor alike
On 5 September 1997
Mother Teresa's earthly life came to an end. She was given the honour of a
state funeral by the Government of India and her body was buried in the
Motherhouse of the Missionaries of Charity. Her tomb quickly became a
place of pilgrimage and prayer for people of all faiths, rich and poor
Mother Teresa left a
testament of unshakable faith, invincible hope and extraordinary charity.
Her response to Jesus' plea, "Come be my light", made her a Missionary of
Charity, a "mother to the poor", a symbol of compassion to the world and a
living witness to the thirsting love of God.
Less than two years
after her death, in view of Mother Teresa's widespread reputation of
holiness and the favours being reported, Pope John Paul II permitted the
opening of her Cause of Canonization. On 20 December 2002 the Holy Father
approved the decrees of her heroic virtues and miracles.