A ZENIT DAILY DISPATCH

Spirit of the Liturgy

1. The Priesthood and the Mass - Father Mauro Gagliardi
Father Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, reflects on the words of St John Vianney on the dignity of the priesthood, in this Year for Priests (6/2009-6/2010).

2. A Silence That Contemplates and Adores - Father Mauro Gagliardi
In this article, Father Mauro Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, explains the importance and meaning of the "apologetic prayers," said by the priest "in secret," during the celebration of the holy Mass.

3. Liturgical Vestments and the Vesting Prayers - Father Mauro Gagliardi
In this article, Father Mauro Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, explains the prayers the celebrant says while vesting for the liturgy.

4. Introductory Rites Unite Priest and Congregation - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
In this article, by Benedictine Father Paul Gunter, a professor of the Pontifical Institute of Liturgy Rome and Consulter to the Office of the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, we learn of the priest's preparation at the beginning of Mass, and of the people's preparation to enter with the priest into this holy Mystery.

5. The Priest and the Liturgy of the Word at Mass - Father Mauro Gagliardi
Father Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, gives directions on how the Liturgy of the Word is to be conducted, in both the Ordinary and Extraordinary Forms of the Roman Rite.

6. The Priest in the Offertory of the Mass - Father Juan José Silvestre Valór
This article by Juan José Silvestre Valór, professor of liturgy at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross and consultor to the Office of the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, describes the priest's role in the Offertory of the Holy Mass.
 

7. The Priest and the Canon of the Mass - Father Mauro Gagliardi
In this article, Father Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, explains the importance of the Eucharistic prayer of the Mass. The article invites the faithful, and in particular priests, to recognized in the Canon of the Mass the heart and culmination of Christian life.

8. The Priest in the Communion Rites - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
Benedictine Father Paul Gunter, a professor of the Pontifical Institute of Liturgy Rome and Consulter to the Office of the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, explains how, in the Communion rites, the priest is reminded that he must become pure and holy like Christ.

9. The Priest and the Paschal Triduum - Father Nicola Bux
Father Bux, professor of Eastern Liturgy and Consultor of several Holy See dicasteries, proposes a substantial liturgical meditation on the key moments and symbols of the celebrations proper to Palm Sunday and the Holy Triduum.

10. The Priest in the Concluding Rites of the Mass - Father Mauro Gagliardi
In this article, Father Mauro Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff and professor of theology at the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum of Rome, explains the role of the priest in the concluding rites of the Mass, in both Ordinary and Extraordinary forms.

11. The Priest's Preparation and Thanksgiving for Mass - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
Father Gunter, a professor of the Pontifical Institute of Liturgy in Rome, urges priests to spend time in prayer both before and after celebrating Mass, since it is the priest's role to sanctify the faithful, and he needs himself to be filled with the Spirit of holiness.

12. Observance of Liturgical Norms and Ars Celebrandi - Father Mauro Gagliardi
This is the last article of the Spirit of the Liturgy series, which has been directed by Father Mauro Gagliardi, a consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff and professor of theology at the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum of Rome. This article concerns the importance of the observance of the liturgical norms and the "ars celebrandi."

13. The Noble Simplicity of Liturgical Vestments - Father Uwe Michael Lang, CO
Father Lang, a member of the Congregation of the Oratory, Consultor of the Office of Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, and an official of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments, cites magisterial statements on the importance of beauty in liturgy, with particular application to liturgical vestments.

14. Sacred Music at the Service of Truth - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
Father Gunther extrapolates on St Augustine's saying, that he who sings prays twice, explaining that it is not just any music, but sacred music that is a loving response to the goodness of God.

15. More than Words: External Signs of Faith by the Celebrant - Father Nicola Bux
Father Bux, professor of Eastern Liturgy in Bari and consultor of the Congregations for the Doctrine of the Faith, for Saints' Causes, for Divine Worship and the Sacraments, as well as of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations, reflects on the meaning conveyed by the manner in which the words and actions of the liturgy are expressed.

16. External Signs of Devotion by the Faithful - Father Juan Silvestre
Father Silvestre, professor of liturgy at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross and a Consultor of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments, examines the meaning of such physical gestures as genuflections, bows, and kneeling, in the celebration of the Holy Eucharist.

17. Placing the Crucifix at the Center of the Altar - Father Mauro Gagliardi
Father Gagliardi, consultor of the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff and of the Congregation for Divine Worship, explains the importance of a clearly visible crucifix on or near the altar, as a focus of prayer during the liturgy.

18. The Language of LIturgical Celebration - Father Uwe Michael Lang, CO
Oratorian Father Lang, an official of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments, reflects on the importance of a sacred language in all religions, and how Latin has fulfilled that role in the Western Church.

19. The Use of Missals and Missalettes During Mass - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
Benedictine Father Paul Gunter, professor of the Pontifical Institute of Liturgy in Rome, expects a revival of the use of missals by the laity, in order to follow the new translation of the Roman rite.

20. Doctrinal Formation and Communion Under Both Kinds - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
Father Gunter, a professor of the Pontifical Institute of Liturgy in Rome, recalls why, in light of the Council of Trent, no less grace is received in Communion under one kind than in Communion under both kinds.

21. Believing, and Believing In - Father Mauro Gagliardi
Father Gagliardi, a professor at Regina Apostolorum university and at the European University of Rome, distinguishes between the subjective faith by which we believe and the objective faith, which is the doctrinal content of our belief, two inseparable aspects of the same virtue of faith.

22. Why Liturgy? What Does Liturgy Mean? - Juan José Silvestre
Juan José Silvestre, professor of liturgy at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross and a Consultor of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments, reflects on the meaning of liturgy, commenting on Nos. 1066-1070 of the Catechism.

23. The Liturgy Source of Life, Prayer and Catechesis - Don Mauro Gagliardi
Father Gagliardi, full Professor at the Pontifical Athenaeum “Regina Apostolorum,” professor at the Università Europea di Roma, explains how the liturgy is the source of life. From it grace flows, which is the work of Christ, Author of grace.

24. The Liturgy, Work of the Trinity/1: God the Father - Nicola Bux
Father Nicola Bux, Professor of Eastern Liturgy and Consultor of several Congregations in the Curia, defines "liturgy" in terms of blessing, first the divine blessing whose source is the Father, bringing all good things, and second the human blessing, which is our response of adoration, praise and thanksgiving.

25. The Liturgy, Work of the Trinity/2: God the Son - Uwe Michael Lang, CO
Father Lang, an Official of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, refers to the Catechism (1084-1090) in describing the liturgy as the Paschal mystery of Christ brought to realization in all times and places.

26. The Liturgy, Work of the Trinity/3: God the Holy Spirit - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
Father Gunter, professor at the Pontifical Liturgical Institute of Rome, reflects on liturgy as the work of the Holy Spirit who, by sanctifying us, seals us, as a communion of faith, into the loving relationship of the Trinity.

27. Who Celebrates? - Father Natale Scarpitta
Father Natale Scarpitta, a priest of the archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno, reminds us that our liturgical worship on earth is a participation in the heavenly liturgy and is "the action of the whole people of God, which is ordered and acts under the guidance of the sacred ministers."

28. How to Celebrate?/1: Signs and Symbols, Words and Actions - Uwe Michael Lang, CO
Father Lang, an Official of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, explains the importance of signs and symbols in divine worship.

29. How to Celebrate/2: Music and Song - Father Paul Gunter, OSB
In his reflection on music in the liturgy, Father Gunter notes three criteria necessary for music and song to achieve their liturgical purpose: “beauty expressive of prayer, the unanimous participation of the assembly at the designated moments, and the solemn character of the celebration”

30. When to Celebrate/1: The Liturgical Season - Father Nicola Bux
Father Nicola Bux explains the meaning of the liturgical year. In Christ, God entered time, becoming every man's contemporary. His actions are always present, with all their merits, bringing salvation to all who recall them.

31. When to Celebrate?/2: The Day of the Lord - Father Natale Scarpitta
Father Scarpitta, doing doctoral studies in Canon Law at the Pontifical Gregorian University of Rome, accounts for the importance of Sundays in the liturgical year.

32. When To Celebrate?/3: The Liturgical Year - Juan José Silvestre
A professor of Liturgy at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, explains, in light of the Catechism, why the celebration of Easter concentrates the whole work of redemption. Though the death and resurrection of Christ, as historical events, belong to the past, all that He did "participates in the divine eternity, and so transcends all times while being made present in them all."

33. When to Celebrate?/4: The Liturgy of the Hours - Father Mauro Gagliardi
Father Gagliardi, Professor at the Pontifical Athenaeum "Regina Apostolorum,” explains the place of the Liturgy of the Hours in the worship of the Church. He speaks of two intersecting dynamics. As from above, it was brought to earth by Christ, whose incessant prayer is its standard. As from below, it is the movement of the Church, praising and beseeching her Lord.

34. Where Is the Liturgy Celebrated - Father Uwe Michael Lang, CO
Father Lang, an Official of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, explains the relationship between the Church as the body of the faithful, whose head is Christ, and a church as a building.

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