|Mary Ellen Bork on God's Call to Modern Women
McLEAN, Virginia, 22 AUG. 2004 (ZENIT)
A recent Vatican document
criticized the "distortions" and "lethal effects" of feminism, calling for
"active collaboration between the sexes" and the "authentic advancement of
Mary Ellen Bork couldn't agree more.
The writer, lecturer and wife of retired federal judge Robert Bork shared
with ZENIT the need for modern women to reclaim their God-given role in
society, and to reject the defective anthropology and misguided ideas of
Q: Why do you encourage women to embrace a more traditional, biblical role
in the secular age?
Bork: Radical feminists and others have denigrated the traditional roles
of women as partner, wife and mother in their effort to promote women as
individuals whose fulfillment is to be found almost exclusively in the
Most women are trying to find a balance between responsibilities to family
and children and using their gifts in the workplace. They will be happier
if they have a conscious appreciation of their irreplaceable role as
feminine persons with a special gift for affirming the life of other
persons. Women need encouragement from other Christian women and the
support of a Church that needs to be better versed in theology of the
As Pope John Paul II has taught, women have a key role in returning
dignity to the sacrament of marriage and in preserving a culture that is
worthy of the human person. These enormously important cultural tasks can
be better served by women who are well formed in Christian values and well
informed about the cultural battles in the policy arena.
It is as if women hold in their hands the threads that form the basic
fabric of society and their efforts to weave these together in a unity
will result in a stronger fabric that can resist the centrifugal pull of
The key to helping women of faith today is to help them to deepen their
appreciation of their feminine gifts and their impact on society. Without
their gifts the world will be a cold and uncivilized place. Without their
specific gifts society will lose its balance because it will lack the
cultural environment in which persons thrive best.
The Holy Father has often said the deepest cultural crisis today is the
human person, understanding how to live and what life means. Many have
settled for a superficial answer to the meaning of life through ignorance
and confusion about their sexuality and the spiritual dimension of life.
Women of faith can find support in many new movements in the Church,
especially the theology of the body. I want to encourage them to
understand their unique dignity and to not be swayed by the cultural
pressures that would rob them of a deeply feminine experience of life.
Q: How does the U.S. culture in particular challenge women who want to
Bork: Our culture is super-affluent, highly technical, wired, secular,
over-sexed and in a hurry. It is also generous, tolerant, religious and
We have to be wise as serpents and innocent as doves to find the path to
holiness in this "slough of despond." One basic challenge is the fallacy
that we can go it alone, either in our personal or spiritual lives.
Women need a sense of community with others. Spiritual discussion groups
and Bible study groups help to overcome a sense of isolation and
alienation from the culture. They can also learn how other women balance
the pressures of work and family.
A few people gathered in his name to pray and discuss spiritual classics
gives breathing space for reflection and prayer with like-minded people.
This experience creates a cultural support for a serious pursuit of
Q: At a time when women have moved into the mainstream of public life, are
there any special pressures on them to conform to the wider society?
Bork: There is a lot of cultural pressure to be politically correct and
therefore to hold popular positions on moral and social issues, such as
abortion as a woman's choice and gay marriage as a fundamental right.
Myrna Blythe, former editor of the Ladies' Home Journal, has written a
book explaining the pressure she experienced in the New York publishing
world to conform to the liberal ideas of her "spin sisters." She, a
successful businesswoman, was ostracized from social gatherings and made
to feel an outcast for not agreeing with the accepted liberal creed.
Catholic women of faith will find the same social pressures as they
advance in professional circles. They to be single-minded in their
conviction that they are bringing their values into the workplace with a
feminine presence that can make a real difference. In this environment it
is possible to grow in virtue on a daily basis, virtues such as courage,
prudence and patience as we face often well-nuanced social pressures.
Getting together with a group of like-minded women with whom they can
reflect on their cultural experience can be a balm to the soul.
Q: What do you think of the pro-abortion march in Washington, D.C., last
spring? How do such publicized displays affect women's perceptions of
Bork: Marches, conventions and dinners promoting and honoring the
politically correct views are a way of life in Washington. These displays
are intended to bolster the egos and the positions of secular feminists
and the cultural left. The presence of Hollywood stars adds glamour and
buzz to these events.
The national media cover these events widely to the point that many women
could think that everyone accepts these ideas. The dominant culture is
very liberal and puts in the shadows, so to speak, those who hold more
Women of faith are in a defensive position. Using the sports analogy, we
need to live offensively in the sense of understanding cultural pressures,
and choosing to actively live our faith and seek ways to use our feminine
gifts. We must be prepared, have a good strategy, and go forward
It is an art to speak the truth both to those who do not agree with us as
well as to our sisters and friends who are in need of encouragement and
support. We know there is no one path for all women and that women who
affirm life in all forms present a very attractive face to those who are
seeking the truth.
Q: It seems many women are encouraged to support abortion and are told
that you can't be pro-life and "pro-woman." Do you see many resisting this
Bork: Yes. Polls show that many younger women are rejecting abortion and
want to see more restrictions on this death-dealing practice. Science is
on the side of pro-lifers in such things as the refinements of ultrasound
and the detailed pictures of children in the womb. Many women are
affirming their own instinctive love of children and are remaining true to
this most basic feminine gift.
But science and facts will not stop those cultural leaders with an agenda
to promote abortion and sexual license. They have accepted a lie and made
it the center of their movement which is now protected by the mantle of
the Constitution. But people with any degree of open-mindedness can be led
by the visual argument of these pictures to see that life begins at
conception. They can be persuaded by women confident of their own
They need to then make the connection that the woman is the first home of
the child and that there is nothing more womanly than having children as
the fruit of the marriage relationship.
Q: What steps can women take to reclaim and fortify their special role?
Bork: C.S. Lewis said in his book "Mere Christianity": "If you read
history, you will find that the Christians who did most for the present
world were just those who thought most of the next." Women need to be
spiritually alive and develop their capacity for friendship with a wide
variety of people. This will enable them to be people who affirm others
who may have a different life experience than theirs.
And they must be intellectually well grounded in their faith and able to
"give reasons for the faith that is in them." The ability to affirm people
in what is good and lead them to the truth is an essential culture-forming
role that women can handle very well.
Q: What is the significance of the Vatican recently releasing "Letter to
the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Collaboration of Men and Women
in the Church and in the World"? Why is the document necessary in order to
correctly understand the authentic advancement of women?
Bork: This concise statement addressed to the bishops reaffirms with
precision the vision of human life given in sacred Scripture that is under
attack by secular liberalism in advanced Western societies. The letter is
not responding to our cultural situation but is setting out a clear
statement of the anthropology that must be vigorously affirmed and
explained now that it is under attack.
The letter argues that the truth that man and woman are co-equal and that
sex differences are part of God's original design for the human person.
Cultural trends seeking to wipe out sexual difference in the name of
radical equality and experiments in polymorphous sexuality deny God's
revelation and can only lead to great personal unhappiness.
The very language of the story of salvation in both the Old and New
Testament uses the language of a covenant between bride and bridegroom.
Far from being a poetic touch, this language reflects god's plan for human
beings and the ordering of society.
The letter envisions femininity, renewed by spiritual life, as a dynamic
active gift essential to family, society and the Church. What the Pope
calls "the feminine genius" is a gift of openness to another person, the
opposite of a self-centered focus on "my rights."
The Church does not hold up "an outdated conception of femininity" but
promotes a dynamic and active presence to human persons and encourages
women to use these gifts to preserve the family and bring about a more
Some commentators think talking about feminine presence is not a serious
discussion of women's gifts. They do not adequately understand the role of
Mary, the epitome of feminine reality and presence in the church. She is a
self-sacrificing person, capable of discerning the face of Christ, capable
of living the spiritual inheritance of the Church. The Church in America,
still suffering from the damage done by the sex scandals, especially
diminishing trust, could use a strong feminine presence of some kind to
restore trust and a sense of harmony in the community that has been deeply
The advancement of women, a legitimate modern priority, is proceeding in
some circles with a defective anthropology, one that sees human nature as
malleable and sex differences as unimportant. Women and men are seeking
the same power and the same functions and are less attuned to real sexual
differences, denying the need for feminine gifts and redefining human
sexuality by claiming that homosexuality is equivalent to heterosexuality.
This path leads to destruction.
True advancement of women must be based on the truth about the human
person and human sexuality. We need more expositions like this letter to
clarify the nature of feminine gifts so that we never take them for