ECCLESIA IN AMERICA


ENDNOTES

(1) In this regard, the ancient inscription in the Baptistery of Saint John Lateran is eloquent: "Virgineo foetu Genitrix Ecclesia natos quos spirante Deo concipit amne parit" (E. DIEHL, Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, No. 1513, I. I:, Berolini 1925, p. 289).

(2) Homily at the Ordination of Priests and Deacons at Bogota(August 22, 1968): AAS 60 (1968), 614-615.

(3) No. 17: AAS 85 (1993), 820.

(4) No. 38: AAS 87 (1995), 30.

(5) Address at the Opening of the Fourth General Conference of Latin American Bishops

(October 12, 1992), 17: AAS 85 (1993), 820-821.

(6) JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Letter Tertio Millennio Adveniente (November 10, 1994), 21: AAS 87 (1995), 17.

(7) Address at the Opening of the Fourth General Conference of Latin American Bishops (October 12, 1992), 17: AAS 85 (1993), 820.

(8) Cf. Apostolic Letter Tertio Millennio Adveniente (November 10, 1994), 21: AAS 87 (1995), 17.

(9) Address to the Assembly of CELAM (March 9, 1983), III: AAS 75 (1983), 778.

(10) Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 34: AAS 81 (1989), 454.

(11) Propositio 3.

(12) SAINT AUGUSTINE, Tract. In Ioh. 15, 11: CCL 36, 154.

(13) Ibid., 15, 17: loc. cit., 156.

(14) "Salvator . . . ascensionis suae eam (Mariam Magdalenam) ad apostolos instituit apostolam". RABANUS MAURUS, De Vita Beatae Mariae Magdalenae, 27: PL 112, 1574. Cf. SAINT PETER DAMIAN, Sermo 56: PL 144, 820; HUGH OF CLUNY, Commonitorium: PL 159, 952; SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS, In Ioh. Evang. Expositio, c. 20, l. 3.

(15) Address for the Closing of the Holy Year (December 25, 1975): AAS 68 (1976), 145.

(16) Propositio 9; cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World Gaudium et Spes, 22.

(17) Encyclical Letter Redemptoris Mater (March 25, 1987), 21: AAS 79 (1987), 369.

(18) Propositio 5.

(19) THIRD GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE LATIN AMERICAN BISHOPS, Puebla, February 1979, Message to the Peoples of Latin America, No. 282. For the United States, cf. NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS, Pastoral Letter Behold Your Mother. Woman of Faith (Washington, 1973), p. 37.

(20) Propositio 6.

(21) JOHN PAUL II, Address at the Opening of the Fourth General Conference of Latin American Bishops (October 12, 1992), 24: AAS 85 (1993), 826.

(22) Cf. NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS, Behold Your Mother. Woman of Faith (Washington, 1973), 37.

(23) Cf. Propositio 6.

(24) Propositio 4.

(25) Cf. ibid.

(26) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, 7.

(27) Encyclical Letter Mysterium Fidei (September 3, 1965): AAS 57 (1965), 764.

(28) Ibid., loc. cit., 766.

(29) Propositio 4.

(30) Address at the Final Public Session of the Second Vatican Council (December 7, 1965): AAS 58 (1966), 58.

(31) Cf. JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Exhortation Reconciliatio et Paenitentia (December 2, 1984), 16: AAS 77 (1985), 214-217.

(32) Cf. Propositio 61.

(33) Propositio 29.

(34) Cf. Bull Sacrosancti Apostolatus Cura (August 11, 1670), § 3: Bullarium Romanum, 26VII, 42.

(35) Among others, we may mention the following: the martyrs John de Brébeuf and his seven companions, Roque Gonzales and his two companions; the saints Elizabeth Ann Seton, Marguerite Bourgeoys, Peter Claver, Juan de Castillo, Rose Philippine Duchesne, Marguerite d'Youville, Francisco Febres Cordero, Teresa Fernández Solar de las Andes, Juan Macías, Turibius of Mongrovejo, Ezechiel Moreno y Diaz, John Neumann, Maria Ana de Jesús Paredes y Flores, Martin de Porres, Alfonso Rodriguez, Francisco Solano, Frances Xavier Cabrini; and those beatified: José de Anchieta, Pedro de San José de Betancur, Juan Diego, Katharine Drexel, Maria de la Encarnación Rosal, Rafael Guizar Valencia, Dina Bélanger, Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, Elias del Socorro Nieves, Maria Francisca de Jesús Rubatto, Mercede de Jesús Molina, Narcisa de Jesús Martillo Morán, Miguel Pro, Maria de San José Alvarado Cardozo, Junípero Serra, Kateri Tekakwitha, Laura Vicuña, Antônio de Sant'Anna Galvão and many others who have been beatified and whom the peoples of America invoke with faith and devotion (cf. Instrumentum Laboris, 17).

(36) Cf. SECOND ECUMENICAL VATICAN COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 50.

(37) Propositio 31.

(38) Propositio 30.

(39) No. 37: AAS 87 (1995), 29; cf. Propositio 31.

(40) Propositio 21.

(41) Cf. ibid.

(42) Cf. ibid.

(43) Cf. ibid.

(44) Cf. Propositio 18.

(45) Propositio 19.

(46) Decree on the Eastern Catholic Churches Orientalium Ecclesiarum, 5; cf. Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, Canon. 28; Propositio 60.

(47) Cf. JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Letter Redemptoris Mater (March 25, 1987), 34: AAS 79 (1987), 406; SYNOD OF BISHOPS, Special Assembly for Europe, Declaration Ut Testes Simus Christi Qui Nos Liberavit (December 13, 1991), III, 7: Enchiridion Vaticanum 13, 647-652.

(48) Cf. Propositio 60.

(49) Cf. Propositiones 23 and 24.

(50) Propositio 73.

(51) Propositio 72; cf. JOHN PAUL II, Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus (May 1, 1991), 46: AAS 83 (1991), 850.

(52) Cf. SYNOD OF BISHOPS Special Assembly for Europe, Declaration Ut Testes Simus Christi Qui Nos Liberavit (December 13, 1991), I, 1; II, 4; IV, 10; Enchiridion Vaticanum 13, 613-615; 627-633; 660-669.

(53) Propositio 72.

(54) Ibid.

(55) Cf. Propositio 74.

(56) Cf. Apostolic Epistle Octogesima Adveniens (May 14, 1971), 8-9: AAS 63 (1971), 406-408.

(57) Propositio 35.

(58) Cf. ibid.

(59) Propositio 75.

(60) Cf. PONTIFICAL COMMISSION "IUSTITIA ET PAX", At the Service of the Human Community: An Ethical Approach to the International Debt Question (December 27, 1986): Enchiridion Vaticanum 10, 1045-1128.

(61) Propositio 75.

(62) Propositio 37.

(63) No. 5: AAS 90 (1998), 152.

(64) Propositio 38.

(65) Ibid.

(66) Propositio 36.

(67) Cf. ibid.

(68) SYNOD OF BISHOPS, Second Extraordinary General Assembly, Final Summary Ecclesia sub Verbo Dei Mysteria Christi Celebrans pro Salute Mundi (December 7, 1985), II, B, a, 2: Enchiridion Vaticanum 9, 1795.

(69) Propositio 30.

(70) Propositio 34.

(71) Ibid.

(72) Ibid.

(73) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 31.

(74) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World Gaudium et Spes, 76; JOHN PAUL II, Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 42: AAS 81 (1989), 472-476.

(75) Propositio 26.

(76) Ibid.

(77) Propositio 28.

(78) Ibid.

(79) Ibid.

(80) Propositio 27.

(81) Ibid.

(82) Cf. ibid.

(83) Decree on the Renewal of Religious Life Perfectae Caritatis, 7. Cf. JOHN PAUL II, Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Vita Consecrata (March 25, 1996), 8: AAS 88 (1996), 382.

(84) Propositio 27.

(85) Cf. Propositio 28.

(86) Cf. Propositio 29.

(87) Cf. Lumen Gentium, Chapter V; SYNOD OF BISHOPS, Second Extraordinary General Assembly, Final Report Ecclesia sub Verbo Dei Mysteria Christi Celebrans pro Salute Mundi (December 7, 1985), II, A, 4-5: Enchiridion Vaticanum 9, 1791-1793.

(88) Propositio 29.

(89) Ibid.

(90) Propositio 32.

(91) Cf. JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Letter Dies Domini (May 31, 1998), 40: AAS 90 (1998), 738.

(92) Propositio 33.

(93) Cf. Encyclical Letter Redemptor Hominis (March 4, 1979), 20: AAS 71 (1979) 309-316.

(94) Propositio 33.

(95) Ibid.

(96) Ibid.

(97) Propositio 40; cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 2.

(98) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on Some Aspects of the Church Understood as Communion Communio Notio (May 28, 1992), Nos. 3-6: AAS 85 (1993), 839-841.

(99) Propositio 40.

(100) Ibid.

(101) FIRST VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church of Christ Pastor Aeternus, Prologue: DS 3051.

(102) ECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF FLORENCE, Bull of Union Exultate Deo (November 22, 1439): DS 1314.

(103) SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 11.

(104) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 5.

(105) Propositio 41.

(106) Ibid.

(107) Cf. ECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF TRENT, Session VII, Decree on the Sacraments, Canon 9: DS 1609.

(108) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 26.

(109) Cf. JOHN PAUL II, Encyclical Letter Redemptor Hominis (March 4, 1979), 20: AAS 71 (1979), 309-316.

(110) Propositio 42; cf. JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Letter Dies Domini (May 31, 1998), 69: AAS 90 (1998), 755-756.

(111) Propositio 41.

(112) Propositio 42; cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, 14; Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 10.

(113) Cf. Propositio 42.

(114) Propositio 41.

(115) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity Apostolicam Actuositatem, 8.

(116) SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 23.

(117) Decree on the Pastoral Office of Bishops in the Church Christus Dominus, 27; Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 7; PAUL VI, Motu Proprio Ecclesiae Sanctae (August 6, 1966), I, 15-17: AAS 58 (1966), 766-767; Code of Canon Law, Canons 495, 502, 511; Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, Canons 264, 271, 272.

(118) Propositio 43.

(119) Cf. Propositio 45.

(120) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on Some Aspects of the Church Understood as Communion Communio Notio (May 28, 1992), Nos. 15-16: AAS 85 (1993), 847-848.

(121) Cf. ibid.

(122) Cf. Propositio 44.

(123) Ibid.

(124) Ibid.

(125) Cf. Propositio 60.

(126) Propositio 49.

(127) Ibid.

(128) Ibid.; cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 14.

(129) Propositio 49.

(130) Ibid.

(131) Cf. Propositio 51.

(132) Propositio 48.

(133) Propositio 51.

(134) Propositio 52.

(135) Cf. ibid.

(136) Cf. ibid.

(137) Cf. Propositio 46.

(138) Ibid.

(139) Ibid.

(140) Propositio 35.

(141) Cf. FOURTH GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE LATIN AMERICAN BISHOPS, Santo Domingo, October 1992: New Evangelization, Human Promotion and Christian Culture, 58.

(142) Cf. JOHN PAUL II, Encyclical Letter Redemptoris Missio (December 7, 1990), 51: AAS 83 (1991), 298-299.

(143) Propositio 35.

(144) Cf. Propositio 46.

(145) Ibid.

(146) Cf. Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 29; PAUL VI, Motu Proprio Sacrum Diaconatus Ordinem (June 18, 1967), I, 1: AAS 59 (1967), 699.

(147) Propositio 50.

(148) SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 29.

(149) Cf. Propositio 50; CONGREGATION FOR CATHOLIC EDUCATION and CONGREGATION FOR THE CLERGY, Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Diaconorum Permanentium and Directorium pro Ministerio et Vita Diaconorum Permanentium (February 22, 1998), AAS 90 (1998): 843-926.

(150) Cf. Propositio 53.

(151) Ibid.; cf. THIRD GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE LATIN AMERICAN BISHOPS, Puebla 1979, Message to the Peoples of Latin America, No. 775.

(152) JOHN PAUL II, Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Vita Consecrata (March 25, 1996), 57: AAS 88 (1996), 429-430.

(153) Cf. ibid., 58, loc. cit., 430.

(154) Propositio 53.

(155) Ibid.

(156) Propositio 54.

(157) Ibid.

(158) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 31.

(159) Propositio 55; cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 34.

(160) Propositio 55.

(161) Cf. ibid.

(162) Propositio 56.

(163) Cf. Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 23: AAS 81 (1989), 429-433.

(164) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR THE CLERGY ET AL., Instruction Ecclesiae de Mysterio (August 15, 1997): AAS 89 (1997), 852-877.

(165) Propositio 56.

(166) Ibid.

(167) Cf. Apostolic Letter Mulieris Dignitatem (August 15, 1988): AAS 80 (1988), 1653-1729; Letter to Women (June 29, 1995): AAS 87 (1995), 803-812; Propositio 11.

(168) Apostolic Letter Mulieris Dignitatem (August 15, 1988), 31: AAS 80 (1988), 1728.

(169) Propositio 11.

(170) Ibid.

(171) Ibid.

(172) Ibid.

(173) Cf. Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 49: AAS 81 (1989), 486-489.

(174) Propositio 12.

(175) Ibid.

(176) SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 11.

(177) Ibid.

(178) Cf. Propositio 12.

(179) Propositio 14.

(180) Ibid.

(181) Cf. ibid.

(182) Propositio 15.

(183) Ibid.

(184) Ibid.

(185) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Decree on Ecumenism Unitatis Redintegratio, 3.

(186) Propositio 61.

(187) Ibid.

(188) Decree on Ecumenism Unitatis Redintegratio, 3.

(189) Cf. Propositio 62.

(190) Cf. SYNOD OF BISHOPS, Special Assembly for Europe, Declaration Ut Testes Simus Christi Qui Nos Liberavit (December 13, 1991), III, 8: Enchiridion Vaticanum 13, 653-655.

(191) Propositio 62.

(192) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Declaration on the Church's Relation to Non-Christian Religions Nostra Aetate, 2.

(193) Cf. Propositio 63.

(194) Ibid.

(195) Propositio 67.

(196) Cf. ibid.

(197) Propositio 68.

(198) Ibid.

(199) Propositio 69.

(200) Cf. SYNOD OF BISHOPS, Second Extraordinary General Assembly, Final Report Ecclesia sub Verbo Dei Mysteria Christi Celebrans pro Salute Mundi (December 7, 1985), II, B, a, 4: Enchiridion Vaticanum 9, 1797; JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Constitution Fidei Depositum (October 11, 1992): AAS 86 (1994), 117; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 24.

(201) Propositio 69.

(202) Propositio 74.

(203) Ibid.

(204) Cf. Propositio 67.

(205) Propositio 70.

(206) Ibid.

(207) Cf. Propositio 73.

(208) Cf. Propositio 70.

(209) Propositio 72.

(210) Ibid.

(211) Ibid.

(212) THIRD GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE LATIN AMERICAN BISHOPS, Puebla 1979, Message to the Peoples of Latin America, No. 306.

(213) Propositio 73.

(214) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Instruction Libertatis Conscientia (March 22, 1986), 68: AAS 79 (1987), 583-584.

(215) Propositio 73.

(216) Cf. Propositio 75.

(217) Apostolic Letter Tertio Millennio Adveniente (November 10, 1994), 51: AAS 87 (1995), 36.

(218) Propositio 75.

(219) Ibid.

(220) Propositio 37.

(221) Cf. ibid. Regarding the publication of these texts, cf. JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Letter Issued "Motu Proprio" Apostolos Suos (May 21, 1998), IV: AAS 90 (1998), 657-658.

(222) Cf. Propositio 38.

(223) Cf. ibid.

(224) Ibid.

(225) Cf. ibid.

(226) Cf. PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR JUSTICE AND PEACE, The International Arms Trade. An Ethical Reflection (May 1, 1994): Enchiridion Vaticanum 14, 1071-1154.

(227) Cf. Propositio 76.

(228) Ibid.

(229) Catechism of the Catholic Church, No. 2267, which cites JOHN PAUL II, Encyclical Letter Evangelium Vitae (March 25, 1995), 56: AAS 87 (1995), 463-464.

(230) Cf. Propositio 13.

(231) Cf. ibid.

(232) Cf. ibid.

(233) Ibid.

(234) Cf. Propositio 19.

(235) Cf. Propositio 18.

(236) Propositio 20.

(237) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR BISHOPS, Instruction Nemo Est (August 22, 1969), No. 16: AAS 61 (1969), 621-622; Code of Canon Law, Canons 294 and 518; Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, Canon 280 § 1.

(238) Cf. ibid.

(239) JOHN PAUL II, Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 33: AAS 81 (1989), 453.

(240) SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 31.

(241) JOHN PAUL II, Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 34: AAS 81 (1989), 455.

(242) Cf. ibid., 2, loc. cit., 394-397.

(243) PAUL VI, Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Nuntiandi (December 8, 1975), 14: AAS 68 (1976), 13.

(244) Cf. Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (December 30, 1988), 34: AAS 81 (1989), 455.

(245) Address to the Assembly of CELAM (March 9, 1983), III: AAS 75 (1983), 778.

(246) Cf. PAUL VI, Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Nuntiandi, 22: AAS 68 (1976), 20.

(247) Cf. ibid., 7: loc. cit., 9-10.

(248) JOHN PAUL II, Message to CELAM (September 14, 1997), 6: L'Osservatore Romano, October 1, 1997, p. 4.

(249) Propositio 8.

(250) Cf. Propositio 57.

(251) Cf. Propositio 16.

(252) Ibid.

(253) Propositio 2.

(254) Ibid.

(255) Ibid.

(256) Propositio 10.

(257) Final Report Ecclesia sub Verbo Dei Mysteria Christi Celebrans pro Salute Mundi (December 7, 1985), II, B, a, 4: Enchiridion Vaticanum 9, 1797.

(258) Cf. Apostolic Letter Laetamur Magnopere (August 15, 1997): AAS 89 (1997), 819-821.

(259) CONGREGATION FOR THE CLERGY, General Directory for Catechesis, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1997.

(260) Propositio 10.

(261) Ibid.

(262) Ibid.

(263) Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Nuntiandi (December 8, 1975), 20: AAS 68 (1976), 19.

(264) Propositio 17.

(265) Cf. ibid.

(266) Cf. ibid.

(267) Cf. Propositio 22.

(268) Propositio 23.

(269) Cf. ibid.

(270) Ibid.

(271) Propositio 24.

(272) Ibid.

(273) Ibid.

(274) Cf. Propositio 22.

(275) Cf. ibid.

(276) Ibid.

(277) Cf. Propositio 25.

(278) Cf. Ibid.

(279) Cf. Ibid.

(280) Cf. Instrumentum Laboris, 45.

(281) Cf. Decree on Ecumenism Unitatis Redintegratio, 3.

(282) Cf. Propositio 64.

(283) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Decree on Ecumenism Unitatis Redintegratio, 3.

(284) Cf. Propositio 65.

(285) Ibid.

(286) Cf. FOURTH GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE LATIN AMERICAN BISHOPS, Santo Domingo, October 1992: New Evangelization, Human Promotion and Christian Culture, 139-152.

(287) Cf. Propositio 65.

(288) Cf. Propositio 86.

(289) Ibid.

(290) Propositio 58.

(291) Ibid.

(292) Ibid.

(293) Cf. Ibid.

(294) SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 11.

(295) Propositio 12.

 

 

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