The territorial seat of the Roman Pontiff,
established by concordat (the Lateran Treaty) with Italy in 1927 (revised in 1985). It is
the smallest sovereign state in the world (108.7 acres). In addition to Vatican City the
State includes certain extra-territorial properties in Italy belonging to the Holy See
(Major Basilicas, Curial and diocesan offices, Castel Gandolpho). The Pope is the Head of
State, though he governs through the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City.
The Gubernator manages the day to day affairs of the State.