Apostolic Journeys

Encyclicals

Canonizations

Cardinals Created

 

Apostolic Journeys

1979  
Jan. 25 - Feb. 1 Dominican Republic, Mexico, stopover in the Bahamas
June 2 -10 Poland
Sept. 29 - Oct. 7 Ireland, and United States (1-7 October)
Nov. 28 - 30 Turkey

1980  
May 2 -12 Zaire, Congo, Kenya, Ghana, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), and the Ivory Coast
May 30 - June 2 France
June 30 - July 12 Brazil
Nov. 15 - 19 West Germany

1981  
Feb. 16 - 27 Philippines, Guam and Japan with stopovers of several hours in Pakistan and Anchorage, Alaska
May 13 *** May 13th, 1981 attempted assassination

1982  
Feb. 12 - 19 Nigeria, Benin, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea (Apostolic Journey 10)
May 12 - 15 Portugal
May 28 - June 2 Great Britain
June 11-12 Argentina,  stopover in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
June 15 Switzerland
Aug. 29 San Marino
Oct. 31 - Nov. 9 Spain

1983  
March 2-10 Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and Haiti, with a stopover in Lisbon
June 16 - 23 Poland
Aug. 14 - 15 Lourdes, France
Sept. 10 - 13 Austria (Apostolic Journey 20)

1984  
May 2 - 12 South Korea, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Thailand, with stopover in Fairbanks, AK
June 12 - 17 Switzerland
Sept. 9 - 20 Canada
Oct. 10 - 12 Spain, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico

1985  
Jan 26 - Feb 6  Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad & Tobago
May 11 - 21 Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
Aug. 8 - 19 Togo, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Zaire, Kenya and Morocco
Sept. 8 Liechtenstein

1986  
Feb. 1-10 India
July 1-7 Colombia, stopover in St. Lucia (Apostolic Journey 30)
Oct. 4-7 France
Nov. 19 - Dec. 1 Australia, New Zealand, Bangladesh, Fiji, Singapore and Seychelles

1987  
March 31 - April 13 Uruguay, Chile and Argentina
April 30 - May 4 West Germany
June 8-14 Poland
Sept. 10 - 20 United States and Canada

1988  
May 7 - 18 Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru and Paraguay
June 23 - 27 Austria
Sept. 10 - 19 Zimbabwe, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and Mozambique, with a detour through South Africa
Oct. 8 - 11 France (Apostolic Journey 40)

1989  
April 28 - May 6 Madagascar, Reunion, Zambia and Malawi
June 1 - 10 Norway, Iceland, Finland, Denmark and Sweden
Aug. 19 - 21 Santiago de Compostela, Spain (4th World Youth Day -  first held outside Rome)
Oct. 6 - 16 South Korea, Indonesia, East Timor and Mauritius

1990  
Jan 25 - Feb 1 Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mali & Burkina Faso
April 21 - 22 Czechoslovakia
May 6 - 13 Mexico and Curacao
May 25 - 27 Malta
Sept. 1 - 10 Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Ivory Coast

1991  
May 10 - 13 Portugal (Apostolic Journey 50)
June 1 - 9 Poland
Aug. 13 - 20  Czestochowa, Poland (6th World Youth Day) and Hungary
Oct. 12-20 Brazil

1992  
Feb. 19-26 Senegal, Gambia and Guinea
June 4-10 Angola and Sao Tome and Principe
Oct. 9-14 Dominican Republic

1993  
Feb. 3-10 Benin, Uganda and Sudan
April 25 Albania
June 12-17 Spain
Aug. 9-16
 
Jamaica, Mexico and Denver (8th World Youth Day; Apostolic Journey 60)
Sept. 4-10 Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia

1994  
Sept. 10 - 11 Croatia

1995  
Jan 12 - 21 Manila, Philippines (10th World Youth Day), Australia, Papua New Guinea & Sri Lanka
May 20 - 22 Czech Republic
June 3 - 4  Belgium
June 30 - July 3  Slovakia
Sept. 14 - 20 Cameroon, South Africa, Kenya
Oct. 4 - 8 United States

1996  
Feb 5 - 11 Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Venezuela
April 14 Tunisia (Apostolic Journey 70)
May 17 - 19 Slovenia
June 21 - 23 Germany
Sept. 6 - 7 Hungary
Sept. 19 - 22 France

1997  
April 12 - 13 Bosnia-Hercegovina
April 25 - 27 Czech Republic
May 10 - 11 Lebanon
May 31 - June 10 Poland
August 21- 24 Paris, France (12th World Youth Day)
October 1 - 5 Brazil (Apostolic Journey 80)

1998  
January 21 - 25 Cuba
March 21 - 23 Nigeria
June 19 - 21 Austria
October 2 - 4 Croatia

1999  
January 22 - 28 Mexico City and St. Louis
May 7 - 9 Romania
June 5 - 17 Poland
September  19 Slovenia
November 5 - 9 New Delhi, Georgia

2000 The Great Jubilee
February 24 - 26 Egypt - Mt. Sinai (Apostolic Journey 90)
March 20 - 26 Holy Land.
May 12 - 13 Fátima

2001  
May 4 - 9 Greece, Syria and Malta on the footsteps of  St. Paul the Apostle
June 23 - 27 Ukraine
September 22 - 27 Kazakhstan, and Armenia on the occasion of the 1700 years of Christianity in the Country

2002  
May 22 - 26 Azerbaijan and Bulgaria
July 23 - August 2 Toronto (17th World Youth Day), Guatemala and Mexico City
August 16 - 19 Poland (Dedication of the Shrine of Divine Mercy in Kraków-Łagiewniki)

2003  
May 3 - 4 Spain
June 5 - 9 Croatia (Apostolic Journey 100)
June 22 Bosnia and Herzegovina (Apostolic Journey 101)
September 11 - 14  Slovak Republic (Apostolic Voyage 102)

2004  
5 - 6 June Apostolic Voyage to Bern, Switzerland
14 - 15 August Pilgrimage to Lourdes, France
5 September Visit to Loreto, Italy

2005  
No apostolic journeys

Encyclicals

 

1979

1. Redemptor hominis (On redemption and dignity of the human race), Mar. 4

1980

2. Dives in misericordia (On the mercy of God), Nov. 30.

1981

3. Laborem exercens (On human work), Sept. 14.

1985

4. Slavorum Apostoli (Commemorating Sts. Cyril and Methodius, on the eleventh centenary of the death of St. Methodius), June 2.

1986

5. Dominion et Vivificantem (On the Holy Spirit in the life of the Church and the world), May 18.

1987

6. Redemptoris Mater (On the role of Mary in the mystery of Christ and her active and exemplary presence in the life of the Church), Mar. 25.

7. Sollicitudo Rei Socialis (On social concerns, on the twentieth anniversary of Populorum progressio), Dec. 30.

1991

8. Redemptoris Missio (on the permanent validity of the Church's missionary mandate), Jan. 22.

9. Centesimus annus (Commemorating the centenary of Rerum novarum and addressing the social question in a contemporary Perspective), May 1.

1993

10. Veritatis Splendor (Regarding fundamental questions on the Church's moral teaching), Aug. 6.

1995

11. Evangelium Vitae (On the value and inviolability of human life), March 25.

12. Ut Unum Sint (On commitment to ecumenism), May 25.

1998

13. Fides et Ratio (Faith and Reason), September 14.

2003

14.Ecclesia de Eucharistia (The Eucharist in the Church), April 17.

All Writings

Canonizations

1982

Crispin of Viterbo (1668-1750)
Maximilian Kolbe (1894-1941)
Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700)
Jeanne Delanoue (1666-1736)

1983

Leopold Mandic (1866-1942)

1984

Paola Frassinetti (1809-1892)
103 Korean Martyrs (d. between 1839-1867)
Miguel Febres Cordero (1854-1910)

1986

Francis Anthony Fasani (1681-1742)
Giuseppe Maria Tomasi (1649-1713)

1987

Giuseppe Moscati (d. 1927)
Lawrence (Lorenzo) Ruiz and Fifteen Companions, Martyrs of Japan (d. 1630s)

1988

Eustochia Calafato (1434-1485)
117 Martyrs of Vietnam (96 Vietnamese, 11 Spanish, 10 French, included 8 bishops,
     50 priests, 1 seminarian, 58 lay persons)
Roque Gonzalez (1576-1628), Alfonso Rodriguez (1598-1628) and  Juan de Castillo
     (1596-1628), Jesuit martyrs of Paraguay
Rose Philippine Duchesne (1796-1852)
Simon de Rojas (1552-1624)
Magdalen of Canossa (1774- )
Maria Rosa Molas y Vollve (d. 1876)

1989

Clelia Barbieri (1847-1870)
Gaspar Bertoni (1777-1853)
Richard Pampuri, religious (1897-1930)
Agnes of Bohemia (1211-1282)
Albert Chmielowski (1845-1916)
Mutien-Marie Wiaux (1841-1917)

1990

Marguerite D'Youville (1701-1777)

1991

Raphael (Jozef) Kalinowski (1835-1907)

1992

Claude La Colombiere (1641-1682)
Ezequiel Moreno y Diaz (1848-1905)

1993

Marie of St. Ignatius (Claudine Thevenet) (1774-1837)
Teresa "de los Andes" (Juana Fernandez Solar) (1900-20)
Enrique de Osso y Cervello (1840-96)

1995

Jan Sarkander (1576-1620), Zdislava of Lemberk (d. 1252)
Marek Krizin (1588-1619), Stefan Pongracz (1582-1619), Melichar Grodziecky (1584-1619), martyrs of Kosice Eugene de Mazenod (1782-1861)

1996

Jean-Gabriel Perboyre (1802-40), Juan Grande Roman (1546-1600)
     and Br. Egidio Maria of St. Joseph (1729-1812)

1997

Hedwig (1371-1399)
John Dukla, O.F.M. (d. 1484)

1998

Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein)

2000

Maria Faustina Kowalska (1905-1938)
Katherine Drexel (1858-1955)
27 Blesseds, including 25 Mexican Martyrs
123 Blesseds, including 120 Chinese martyrs

2002

Alonso de Orozco (1500-1591), Ignazio da Santhià (1686-1770), Umile da Bisignano (1582-1637), Paulina do Coração Agonizante de Jesus (1865-1942), Benedetta Cambiagio Frassinello (1791-1858)

Padre Pio of Pietrelcina (1887-1968)

Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer (1902-1975)

Hermano Pedro de San José de Betancurt

Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin

2003

Pedro Poveda Castroverde (1874-1936), José María Rubio y Peralta (1864-1929), Genoveva Torres Morales (1870-1956), Ángela de la Cruz, (María de los Ángeles Guerrero González) (1846-1932), María Maravillas de Jesús, (Pidal y Chico de Guzmán) (1891-1974)

Józef Sebastian Pelczar (1842-1924) , Urszula Ledóchowska (1865-1939) , Maria De Mattias (1805-1866), Virginia Centurione Bracelli (1587-1651)

Daniel Comboni (1831-1881), Arnold Janssen (1837-1909), Joseph Freinademetz (1852-1908)

2004

Luigi Orione (1872-1940), Hannibal Mary di Francia (1851-1927), Josep Manyanet y Vives (1833-1901), Nimattullah Kassab Al-Hardini (1808-1858), Paola Elisabetta Cerioli (1816-1865), Gianna Beretta Molla (1922-1962)

2005

none


CARDINALS CREATED:

In 8 consistories Pope John Paul II has created 232 cardinals, including one  in pectore (secretly). This is usually done to protect a bishop in a country of persecution, but could be done for other reasons of the Pope's choosing.

In the ninth and most recent consistory, 21 October 2003, he elevated 31 men to the cardinalate, including the one in pectore. This Cardinal must be revealed, probably at least to the College, before the Pope dies or his creation is void.

Current Cardinal Electors


 

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