Harvey, James Michael
Order in College: Cardinal Deacon
With Title: San Pio V a Villa Carpegna
Native Country: USA
Appointed by: Benedict XVI on 24 November 2012
Ecclesiastical Office:  Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of St Paul Outside-the-Walls 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 29 June 2029

Cardinal James Michael Harvey was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in the United States of America on 20 October 1949. He studied at the seminary in his hometown before being sent to complete his formation in Rome. He lived at the Pontifical North American College and earned a degree in canon law. He was one of the 359 priests to be ordained by Paul VI on 29 June 1975, the 12th anniversary of his election to the papal throne, and was incardinated in his Archdiocese of Milwaukee. He studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy in Rome and entered the Diplomatic Service of the Holy See on 25 March 1980. He served for two years at the Pontifical Representation in the Dominican Republic and then, as a Nunciature Counsellor, began his service in the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State in 1982. John Paul II appointed him Assessor for General Affairs on 22 July 1997 and the following November he was named a member of the Committee for the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000. On 7 February 1998, Pope Wojtyla appointed him Prefect of the Pontifical Household and ordained him a bishop on 19 March 1998 in St Peter's Basilica, after assigning him the titular episcopal see of Memphis. Five years later, on 29 September 2003, the Pope raised him to the dignity of Archbishop. The new Cardinal is a member of the Knights of Colombus and an honorary member of the Circolo San Pietro [St Peter's Circle]. He has received several decorations, including the "Gran Cruz de la Real Orden de Isabel la Católica" of Spain, and the "Cavalierato di Gran Croce del' Ordine del Merito" of the Italian Republic. He was responsible for promoting the restoration of the papal apartment in Castel Gandolfo and another room in the Vatican, as well as of the residence currently assigned to the Prefect of the Pontifical Household. This is in fact the historical dwelling of Pope Julius II and its original decorations date back to the early 16th century. On 23 November 2012 he was appointed Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of St Paul's Outside-the-Walls. The more than thirty years that Cardinal Harvey has spent at the service of the Holy See as a direct collaborator of the Roman Pontiff makes him one of the best known figures in the life of the Church. In his office as Prefect of the Pontifical Household, since 1998 he has accompanied John Paul II and Benedict XVI at all their audiences and public and private visits in the Vatican, Rome and Italy.