Duka, Dominik Jaroslav, O.P.
Order in College: Cardinal Priest
With Title: Santi Marcellino e Pietro
Native Country: Czech Republic
Appointed by: Benedict XVI on 18 February 2012
Ecclesiastical Office:  Archbishop of Prague 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 26 April 2023

Cardinal Jaroslav Duka was born on 26 April 1943 at Hradec Králové in the then Czechoslovakia. He was forbidden to pursue his studies but was admitted to Sts Cyril and Methodius Theological Faculty in Litoměřice, at last able to follow his vocation. In January 1968 he secretly entered the Order of Friars Preachers — then illegal in Czechoslovakia — and was given the name Dominik. He holds a licence in theology. He was ordained a priest on 22 June 1970 and made his solemn profession in the Order of Friars Preachers on 7 January 1972. His state permit as a "spiritual administrator" was withdrawn in 1975 so he worked as a designer in an automobile factory, while continuing to study, and attended clandestine meetings with the Dominicans at his own risk. From 1975 to 1986 he served as provincial vicar and from 1976 to 1981, taught seminarians, helped set up the clandestine religious studies centre and organized activities for young Dominicans. He spent 15 months in prison at Pl-Boryzen, accused of "religious activities". In 1989 he was elected president of the Conference of Major Superiors of the Czech Republic from 1992 to 1996. As assistant in biblical theology he taught at Palacký University, Olomouc, and was a member of the Accreditation Commission with the government from 1990 to 1998. He received episcopal ordination on 26 September 1998, subsequent to his appointment as Bishop of Hradec Králové. He promoted various initiatives in his diocese, including founding the theological institute in Skuteč. In 2002 he convoked the second diocesan Eucharistic congress. He published the new statutes of the Holy Spirit Cathedral Chapter and appointed nine canons. From 2000 to 2004 he was vice-president of the Czech Bishops' Conference and organized the celebrations for the seventh centenary of Holy Spirit Cathedral. In 2010 Benedict XVI appointed him Archbishop of Prague; he is also Grand Chancellor of the city's Theology Faculty. In 2010 he was elected president of the Czech Bishops' Conference. He is a member of the Czech Ethical Forum and of the Scientific Council of the Theology Faculty of Prague. He is president of the administrative Council of the Catholic Biblical Society and of the Centre for Biblical Studies, a member of the Confederation of Political Prisoners and assistant editor of the journals Salve and Communio. He made a major contribution to translating the Jerusalem Bible into Czech.