The Unity of the Catholic Church
by St. Cyprian of Carthage (A.D. 200? - 258)
If anyone considers and examines these things, there is no need of a lengthy discussion
and arguments. Proof for faith is easy in a brief statement of the truth. The Lord speaks
to Peter: 'I say to thee,' He says, 'thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my
church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give thee the keys
of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound also in
heaven, and whatever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed also in heaven.' Upon him,
being one, He builds His Church, and although after His resurrection He bestows equal
power upon all the Apostles, and says: 'As the Father has sent me, I also send you.
Receive ye the Holy Spirit: if you forgive the sins of anyone, they will be forgiven him;
if you retain the sins of anyone, they will be retained,' yet that He might display unity,
He established by His authority the origin of the same unity as beginning from one. Surely
the rest of the Apostles also were that which Peter was, endowed with an equal partnership
of office and of power, but the beginning proceeds from unity, that the Church of Christ
may be shown to be one. This one Church, also, the Holy Spirit in the Canticle of
Canticles designates in the person of the Lord and says: 'One is my dove, my perfect one
is but one, she is the only one of her mother, the chosen one of her that bore her.' Does
he who does not hold this unity think that he holds the faith? Does he who strives against
the Church and resists her think that he is in the Church, when too the blessed Apostle
Paul teaches this same thing and sets forth the sacrament of unity saying: 'One body and
one Spirit, one hope of your calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God'?
This unity we ought to hold firmly and defend, especially we bishops who watch over the
Church, that we may prove that also the episcopate itself is one and undivided. Let no one
deceive the brotherhood by lying; let no one corrupt the faith by a perfidious
prevarication of the truth. The episcopate is one, the parts of which are held together by
the individual bishops. The Church is one which with increasing fecundity extend far and
wide into the multitude, just as the rays of the sun are many but the light is one, and
the branches of the tree are many but the strength is one founded in its tenacious root,
and, when many streams flow from one source, although a multiplicity of waters seems to
have been diffused from the abundance of the overflowing supply nevertheless unity is
preserved in their origin. Take away a ray of light from the body of the sun, its unity
does not take on any division of its light; break a branch from a tree, the branch thus
broken will not be able to bud; cut off a stream from its source, the stream thus cut off
dries up. Thus too the Church bathed in the light of the Lord projects its rays over the
whole world, yet there is one light which is diffused everywhere, and the unity of the
body is not separated. She extends her branches over the whole earth in fruitful
abundance; she extends her richly flowing streams far and wide; yet her head is one, and
her source is one, and she is the one mother copious in the results of her fruitfulness.
By her womb we are born; by her milk we are nourished; by her spirit we are animated.
The spouse of Christ cannot be defiled; she is uncorrupted and chaste. She knows one
home, with chaste modesty she guards the sanctity of one couch. She keeps us for God; she
assigns the children whom she has created to the kingdom. Whoever is separated from the
Church and is joined with an adulteress is separated from the promises of the Church, nor
will he who has abandoned the Church arrive at the rewards of Christ. He is a stranger; he
is profane; he is an enemy. He cannot have God as a father who does not have the Church as
a mother. If whoever was outside the ark of Noe was able to escape, he too who is outside.
the Church escapes. The Lord warns, saying: 'He who is not with me is against me, and who
does not gather with me, scatters.' He who breaks the peace and concord of Christ acts
against Christ; he who gathers somewhere outside the Church scatters the Church of Christ.
The Lord says: 'I and the Father are one.' And again of the Father and Son and the Holy
Spirit it is written: 'And these three are one.' Does anyone believe that this unity which
comes from divine strength, which is closely connected with the divine sacraments, can be
broken asunder in the Church and be separated by the divisions of colliding wills? He who
does not hold this unity, does not hold the law of God, does not hold the faith of the
Father and the Son, does not hold life and salvation.
The Unity of the Catholic Church, cc. 4-6.
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Unity of the Catholic Church.