The College exists to advise the
Pope in the governance of the Catholic Church and to elect his successor
should he die or resign. Its members consist of officials of the Roman
Curia, archbishops of major sees from around the world, and others
chosen at the pleasure of the Pope.
Pope John Paul II has honored priests
who are theologians, such as Henri De Lubac, S.J. and
Avery Dulles, S.J. without requiring them to be ordained bishops, as is
required by law.
Once named, a Cardinal holds the office for
life. However, on his eightieth birthday he loses the privilege of voting
in the Conclave to elect a Pope. He could still be elected.