Caffarra, Carlo
Order in College: Cardinal Priest
With Title: St. John the Baptist of the Florentines
Native Country: Italy
Appointed by: Benedict XVI on 22 February 2006
Ecclesiastical Office:  Archbishop of Bologna 
Papal Elector: Eligible; Ineligible on 1 June 2018

Cardinal Carlo Caffarra was born on 1 June 1938 in Samboseto di Busseto, Italy. He was ordained a priest on 2 July 1961 and holds doctorates in Christian literature and in canon law with a specialization in moral theology. Cardinal Caffarra began his ministry as Parochial Vicar of the Cathedral of Fidenza as well as professor of theology at the Seminary of Parma and Fidenza and of medical ethics at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Rome. In 1974 he was appointed a Member of the International Theological Commission; in 1981 Pope John Paul II appointed him as Founder and President of the John Paul II Pontifical Institute for Studies on Marriage and the Family, He served as a Consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith for five years beginning in 1983. On 8 September 1995 he was appointed Archbishop of Ferrara-Comacchio. On 16 December 2003 he was appointed Archbishop of Bologna and is a Member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the Pontifical Academy for Life and the Presidential Committee of the Pontifical Council for the Family. On 24 March 2006 he was elevated to Cardinal and appointed Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini. (L'Osservatore Romano)